CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id eaea2003_28-barchougova
id eaea2003_28-barchougova
authors Bartchougova, E. and Rochegova, N.
year 2004
title About Virtual Spatial Modeling in Architectural Education
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 138-142
summary The professional perception of the architectural space characterizes the most advanced level of the architect’s mastership. In the article the virtual modeling is regarded as an effective way of forming the professional perception of integrity of architectural space. Computer technologies bring together bi-dimensional and three-dimensional languages of modeling and thus they help the procedure of movement of consciousness from the plane to volumetric images and back to the visual and mobile. They help to carry out the level-by-level analysis of the multilevel structure of an architectural reality in the mode of active dialogue. The process of interaction of consciousness with the model becomes accessible to studying. There appears an opportunity to manage this process with the aim of forming perception.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_21-ws-bartik
id eaea2003_21-ws-bartik
authors Bartik, R.
year 2004
title The Model of the Town Hradec Kralove 2000
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 103-105
summary The work on this model is a unique case not only with regard to its extent but predominantly to the implementation of the most up-to-date model production technologies developed on the basis of research activities in the Institute of Model Design, Faculty of Architecture, Czech Technical University in Prague. The construction of the 2000 HK model was ordered on the basis of tender by the Municipality Office of Hradec Králové – Department of the Architect on occasion of the 775th anniversary of the town’s foundation.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_13-bartik
id eaea2003_13-bartik
authors Bartik, R.
year 2004
title Materials and Technologies Utilized in Creation of Architectural Models
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 59-64
summary The preliminary consideration of criteria directly influencing the choice of technology and material is always essential for the expression of the architect’s or investor’s images.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_15-breen
id eaea2003_15-breen
authors Breen, J. and Giro, H.
year 2004
title The DXI Experience. Ten Years of Design Visualization Developments in an Educational Laboratory Context
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 71-77
summary Design visualisation is an essential aspect of virtually every form of design enquiry. The effects of potential environmental interventions may be simulated in order to gain the types of insights, which cannot be acquired easily from two-dimensional notations. Three-dimensional representations may be generated for very different reasons. The most direct form of design imaging is traditionally for the benefit of the designer him/herself, in order to test whether the working concepts offer fitting solutions to the complex array of design conditions such as context, programme and feasibility. Alternately, images may be generated for the benefit of communication, in order to offer insights into the expected workings of a particular proposal (possibly including alternatives). This may lead to greater understanding and possibly to reaching consensus amongst different ‘actors’ involved in the design and realisation process. In many cases the results of such visualisation studies contribute to ‘bridging the gap’ between the professionals and other parties involved more indirectly in design decision-making or the appraisal of the proposals. Designers can use distinctly different methods when going about such imaging procedures. Their choices for particular techniques may depend on their familiarity or the availability of certain media devices. Being confronted with new modelling and/or visualisation instruments can stimulate the interest in fresh approaches. In this respect, the design education environment can play an important role in not only teaching ‘proven’ applications to future designers, but also in creating a platform for the active development of innovative approaches to the design visualisation practices: education as a ‘laboratory’ for new insights and potentially a ‘breeding ground’ for the extension of the designer’s instrumentation. This contribution documents the experiences gained in some ten years within an educational application, involving active use of design driven media applications. The emphasis lies on the evolvement of techniques for eye-level imaging, whereby use can be made of different types of models: physical scale models as well as digital, virtual models. Changing attitudes towards dynamic and serial vision are considered, whereby storyboard approaches on the level of integral presentation are considered. By analysing a selection of cases and their underlying approaches an indication is given of the changing attitudes and combinations of multimedia techniques, which offer opportunities to design visualisation and communication.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_25-ws-breen
id eaea2003_25-ws-breen
authors Breen, J.
year 2004
title Towards a Virtual Design Media Museum. Identifying, Structuring and Presenting Design and (Re) Presentation Media Artifacts
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 122-132
summary Designing is largely a process of (inter)active imaging. The evolvement of a design concept from preliminary design proposal towards spatial and material environment generally follows an uncertain path through uncharted landscape; a journey of exploration which requires both rational and creative consideration, frequently involving the interchange of information within a design team and collaboration with representatives from different contributing disciplines. Designs are conceived, worked out and specified step by step (roughly speaking from ‘rough to fine’) in iterative design ‘loops’. All the time the designer tries to determine which ‘course’ should be taken, by considering reference material, by reflecting on conceptions developed previously and by generating specific options aimed at furthering the ‘concretisation’ of the end product. In the course of such a trajectory, visual information is continually being developed, selected, tested, and subsequently either discarded or perfected. From early times architects have been considered not only as knowledgeable ‘experts’ in the field of building as a craft, but also as ‘creative directors’ of such development processes. The architect should be capable of not only conjuring up visions of the future spatial and material form of the building, but also of conveying these to the other ‘actors’ involved in the initiation and building process. Such ‘sharing’ of information is necessary in order to generate sufficient understanding, consensus, enthusiasm, as well as means. To become more than ‘figments of the imagination’, the designer’s ideas need to be ‘pinned down’ (even if they are not yet entirely finished) and communicated by using some form of reliable – and preferably readable – ‘language’ for design development and communication.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_11-bremer-sander
id eaea2003_11-bremer-sander
authors Bremer, S. and Sander, H.
year 2004
title View from the Road: Environmental Simulation for the Fractal City of Rhine Ruhr
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 43-47
summary Highway seems to be more an issue of traffic planning than of urban design. But the highway can be a very important factor for the modern city pattern. Highways shape the spatial form of the fractal city. The modern highway can define new cores outside and “interior edges” within the city. Seen as a planning tool, highways are the great neglected opportunity in city and regional design. The 1st Architecture Biennial, 1ab, taking place from May 2003 to July 2003 in Rotterdam, explores the creative potentials of modern highways worldwide. An international research team discovered the spatial functions of highways in modern agglomerations. This lecture will give an overview of the results of the worldwide analyses and the design projects that had been undertaken. Both authors are members of the German research team. The German team examined the A 42 running through the Ruhrgebiet, a former coal and steal area in western Germany. The Ruhr Area is converting from an industrially orientated region to an agglomeration of high technology and science. But the regional image remains the same due to the fact that the changes cannot be seen, neither physically, nor from the road. Here, the highway could be used as a catalyst supporting and structuring the spatial changes to make them more legible for the people of Rhine-Ruhr. The nature becomes the most important tool of highway design. Landscape forms a linkage between the different cities of the region. Together with the A 40 and other local highways the region becomes the most important (and largest) public space of the new Rhine-Ruhr. The highway seen as a work of urban art can be designed only from the perspective of the driving car.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_27-firsov
id eaea2003_27-firsov
authors Firsov, A.I.
year 2004
title Using Video and Computer Technologies for the Appreciation of the Integral Beauty of Architectural Objects
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 135-137
summary The paper is devoted to finding the aesthetic value of architectural objects and it is the continuation of works /1/ and /2/ executed before. In those the following concepts had been developed: a) dot estimation of beauty of an architectural object; b) function of beauty, c) integrated estimation of beauty of an architectural object. // The integrated estimation of beauty doesn t depend upon the choice of a point of observation and can serve as an objective measure of beauty of an architectural object.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_18-giro
id eaea2003_18-giro
authors Giro, H.
year 2004
title Drawing the Map. About the Way Hand Drawings look in Computer Models
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 91-100
summary The use of 3D-software in architecture has several advantages: architects and clients are better able to comprehend the design, test variants and take and confirm decisions. On the other hand, architects warn against the presentation of computer images at too early a stage because these images give the impression of conclusiveness. Hand-drawn illustrations, by contrast, have the loose character of a sketch and leave things open to the imagination. This has advantages, especially in the initial stages of a design. This paper is a survey of our current research and teaching work, showing especially the combination of freehand drawing and computer model and the effects and possibilities of this form of abstraction in order to facilitate a correct interpretation of the proposed ideas.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_17-gorczyca
id eaea2003_17-gorczyca
authors Gorczyca, A.
year 2004
title Modern Interface – Visible, Invisible or Virtual?
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 85-90
summary The paper is a comparison of interface changes as a result of modern concepts and a new hardware development. It explains the notion ‘virtual’ and its application in a few generations of user interface. Modern interfaces are chained with simulation technology. The meaning of simulation is strictly related to the notions: possible, actual, potential force. All of them are ingredients of ‘virtual’. Finally interfaces bring to the point: what virtual is?
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_24-ws-joklova-kosco
id eaea2003_24-ws-joklova-kosco
authors Joklova, V., Kosco, I.
year 2004
title Virtual Communication and IT in Architectural Education and Practice
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 116-121
summary Research and innovation in the field of IT and communication facilities and technologies represents a new dimension, characteristic for the end of 20th and beginning of 21st century. Information technologies provide great opportunities in the process of architectural and urban design creation and spatial evaluation. They are very powerful tools for the architect, either in practice or still student, to express his thoughts, work, design. Information technologies also present strong means for communication in the process of generation of architectural and urban design. Main target in the educational activity of the Department of Computer Aided Architectural Design at the Faculty of Architecture is to train students in making the most efficient choices for software methods and technologies, which they use in their studio project works in architecture, landscape design, interior or industrial design. The aspects of teaching, research activity and own architectural practice creativity is in many way stressed.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_0
id eaea2003_0
authors Kardos, P. and Urland, U. (Eds.)
year 2004
title SPATIAL SIMULATION AND EVALUATION - NEW TOOLS IN ARCHITECTURAL AND URBAN DESIGN
source Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7, 144 p.
summary The 5th eaea Conference in Essen yielded four principal findings: • After having been limited to endoscopic picture and film renderings of analog scaled models, the european architectural endoscopy association (eaea) first bridged the gap to digital environmental simulations at this conference. It is not about a better or correct method, but a suitable method of representing the planned reality of a particular project using ways that make sense. The combination of digital and analog simulation media is a source of impetus to the user of both methods. The future belongs to the casespecific application and the numerous integration possibilities of the two different media. • In investigating the perception of pictures produced in both analog and digital form, it was ascertained that it was only after greater effort that the same level of pleasing qualities were achieved in the digital world, compared to pictures of analog scaled models. It seems that for many planning phases model-based pictures are superior to digital photos – with regards to economy, quality of representation and imaginative attributes. This last point seems to be especially important in the draft planning stages: the less sharp a picture is, the more remaining room for viewer interpretation there is. In particular, the high degree of precision characteristic of digital simulations no longer allows room for imagination in the individual viewer. • 3D environmental simulations will increasingly be incorporated with success in architecture and urban design courses at universities and colleges both here in Germany as well as abroad. The further spread of these techniques to other universities and colleges is desirable. Over and above application as a pedagogic tool, the use of these simulations by architects and city planners, private planning agencies and municipal planning administrators will also be in evidence in the future – for checking designs, for informing the involved parties, for establishing the decisions of government bodies, for marketing the project. • Also, the interactive use of endoscopic simulation facilities continually opens new fields of research – whether it be for registering subjective distance perception, whether it be for determining orientation possibilities in open spaces.
series EAEA
type normal paper
email a_urland@yahoo.com
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_14-kardos
id eaea2003_14-kardos
authors Kardos, P.
year 2004
title Interactive “Sketching” of the Urban-Architectural Spatial Draft
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 65-70
summary The recent innovative information technologies and the new possibilities of multimedia exploitation in the realm of architectural design and education support the development of image communication methods on the basis of interactivity. The presented method of perceptual iconic simulation is based on the principle of an analogue-digital model cinemascope simulation of the urban space in laboratory conditions in real time and real model environment in a natural horizon. In architectural teaching and in urban spatial structures design it enables a continual semantic evaluation of the graphic output and its further multimedia processing.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_23-kubinsky-kardos
id eaea2003_23-kubinsky-kardos
authors Kubinsky, B. and Kardos, P.
year 2004
title Completion of the Public Area of the Bratislava Main Station using Fine Art Components
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 113-115
summary The project deals with supplementation of fine art components to the newly designed square in front of the main railway station and their integration into the public space to provide a good system functioning in the contemporary ground-floor level. Several students of Faculty of Architecture, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, have elaborated this idea under the leadership of B. Kubinsky with the technical support of P. Kardos during the years 2001 and 2002. The supplementation had been planned in two parts: first each student has designed his own object of art and created the model of his piece. Then, in the second part, the quality and relevance of each object was verified by the spatial endoscope in the laboratory of P. Kardos .
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_16-lengyel-toulouse
id eaea2003_16-lengyel-toulouse
authors Lengyel, D. and Toulouse, C.
year 2004
title Methods for Spatial Impressions
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 78-84
summary At the last conference we emphasized, that the presentation had to transport the whole project. This time we will present adequate methods of computer aided spatial simulation in education and practice that promote spatial imagination in the design process and the suggestive power of a presentation, while we still bear in mind the unity and the reciprocal influence of the design process and the presentation, that is spatial imagination and spatial simulation. Working on the computer first of all means to choose the appropriate software tool to exploit different aspects of specialized software from mathematical constructions to emotional experiences and from interaction to immersion.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_19-martens
id eaea2003_19-martens
authors Martens, B. and Tschuppik, W.-M.
year 2004
title Displaying Spatially Complex Constellations. An Endoscopic Exploration Implementing the CUBIC-VR Technique
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 101-107
summary This paper presents a research project on approaching the possibilities of an “alternative” utilization of the Cubic-VR technique as a form of digital endoscopy. Exemplified by a meaningful exploration of the Viennese American Bar (Architect Adolf Loos) the potential for conveying spatial complex constellations is illustrated.
series EAEA
email b.martens@tuwien.ac.at
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_12-matalasov
id eaea2003_12-matalasov
authors Matalasov, M. and Matalasov, E.
year 2004
title Our Views on Actual Researches of 3D-modelling in Architecture
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 48-58
summary This contribution is devoted to the brief description of the basic directions and tendencies of researches of the laboratory of video systems MARCHI. In connection with development of hardware-software computer means and their practically absolute, not alternative application in the practice of architectural designing, nowadays (not always is proved) the sphere of application of the former traditional methods of physical modeling and their connection to the endoscopic methods has been narrowed. We consider some new probable directions of development of scientific and educational work within the framework of activity of our laboratory, allowing a more balanced approach to these problems. As we have discussed, our theoretical researches and practical works must reassume an existing non-standard and controversial situation in Russia, such as established substantial intellectual potentials in scientific- and methodological researches within study processes. In addition to that, what we can use are affordable and limited physical and financial recourses and capability for technical development of works for modeling perception in designing architectural and town planning space. These initiated searches in the field of non-standard thinking, derive from our contacts with EAEA colleagues. Below we will try briefly to explain our basic principles of work development. (To be clear, some time we dismiss references and notes into exact reports from our conferences supposing that interested colleagues may get further and detailed information from already published past events).
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_08-ohno
id eaea2003_08-ohno
authors Ohno, R., Soeda, M. and Nakashima, K.
year 2004
title The Effectiveness of Design Guideline Regulations for Improving Streetscapes
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 21-27
summary Municipal governments or developers make design guidelines to create harmonious streetscapes in new towns. The regulations, however, are often based on arbitrary decisions without any empirical research. The present study employed a visual simulation system to test the effects of such physical features of the buildings as color, height, flatness of the building façade and its recess from the street on pedestrians’ impressions of the place. Thirty subjects were asked to rate their impressions of “order”, “simple”, and to evaluate the atmosphere after experiencing the simulated scenes. The results revealed some relations between the physical features and the pedestrians’ responses.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_22-ws-schmidt
id eaea2003_22-ws-schmidt
authors Schmidt, J.A., Schloemer, N., Matalasov, M. and Matalasov, E.
year 2004
title The Leonidov Experiment – Virtual Collaboration in Video Computer Simulation
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 108-112
summary The 100th anniversary of the Russian architect Ivan Leonidov initiated a Russian-German virtual collaboration to produce a 3d-video computer simulation. The starting point of the collaboration was the choice of a 1926 student project of Ivan Leonidov entitled A Printing House of the Isvestija Newspaper in Moscow. Information about the project was very poor, consisting of a ground plan, an elevation, a perspective view as well as historical and new photographs of the urban space as it is today. Additionally, a video of the existing location was made. From this information a digital 3d-computer model was created. Resulting from the collaboration was a 3d-video computer simulation depicting young Leonidov’s student project as if it really did exist on Moscow’s Pushkin Square.
series EAEA
email alexander.schmidt@uni-essen.de
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_10-schmidt
id eaea2003_10-schmidt
authors Schmidt, J.A.
year 2004
title Integrated Planning and Decision-making Processes with 3D-environmental Simulation – The Ruhrallee Tunnel Road
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 36-42
summary The Ruhrallee is a historical arterial road connecting the wealthy south of the city of Essen with the region south of the city. The old sycamore alley gives the low-density residential neighborhood its spatial qualities and its own identity. But the spatial and social potentials are not legible and livable due to the heavy traffic on the existing road cutting the neighborhood. The street cannot assume its spatial function. Therefore the City of Essen and the Federal Government want to build a tunnel road under the existing street, in order to improve the situation for the neighborhood. The Institute for Urban Design and Planning in cooperation with the Institute for Traffic Planning at the University of Duisburg-Essen carried through an evaluation of various scenarios in terms of traffic flow and visual intrusion of the planned tunnel road as well as the refurbished old street space. The main focus of the study is the integration of the tunnel entrance and the proposed road alignment into the existing urban fabric. The 3D-environmental simulation plays a key role in the analyses, the planning and design process, but also in the decision making process. The paper examines the results of the analyses and the various design schemes. It shows that analogue simulation is still an important tool for urban design and other related planning disciplines. But the paper also points out that 3D-environmental simulation can help to make urban design topics more comprehensible for other non planning disciplines.
series EAEA
email alexander.schmidt@uni-essen.de
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_09-soeda
id eaea2003_09-soeda
authors Soeda, M., Ohno, R., Hashimoto, N. and Sato, M.
year 2004
title The Effect of Architectural Elements on Reducing the Oppressive Feeling Caused by High-rise Buildings
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 28-35
summary The authors conducted an experiment to examine the effectiveness of architectural treatments in reducing oppressed feelings caused by high-rise buildings along city streets. To create a virtual experience on the streets, computer graphic images of the streets were projected on an immersive projection display (6.3m x 4.0m) that enabled a wide field of vision, and the image moved according to the subject's walking pace on the stepping sensor placed in front of the display. The results indicated that arcading and installing transparent glass on lower levels of buildings significantly reduced oppressed feelings. The effectiveness of the treatments was found to depend on the extent of the subjects’ visual awareness.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

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