CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 41 to 60 of 111

_id 0faa
authors Duelund Mortensen, Peder
year 1991
source Proceedings of the 3rd European Full-Scale Modelling Conference / ISBN 91-7740044-5 / Lund (Sweden) 13-16 September 1990, pp. 10-11
summary The workshop is an institution, available for use by the public and established at the Laboratory of Housing in the Art Academy's school of Architecture for a 3 year trial period beginning April 1985. This resumé contains brief descriptions of a variety of representative model projects and an overview of all projects carried out so far, including the pilot projects from 1983 and planned projects to and including January 1987. The Full Scale Model Workshop builds full size models of buildings, rooms and parts of buildings. The purpose of the Full Scale Model Workshop is to promote communication among building's users. The workshop is a tool in an attempt to build bridges between theory and practice in research, experimentation and communication of research results. New ideas and experiments of various sorts can be tried out cheaply, quickly and efficiently through the building of full scale models. Changes can be done on the spot as a planned part of the project and on the basis of ideas and experiments achieved through the model work itself. Buildings and their space can thus be communicated directly to all involved persons, regardless of technical background or training in evaluation of building projects.
keywords Full-scale Modeling, Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
type normal paper
last changed 2004/05/04 13:23

_id 0127
authors Durand, Yves
year 1983
title Perspective Drawings of Architectural Scenes Calculated by Fortranprograms which Make Use of Hidden Line Algorithms and "Solid Modeling" in APL for the Data Preparation.
source Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe [European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education] Brussels (Belgium) 1983, pp. III.36-III.69
summary This paper gives an account of works recently undertaken by the Department of Architecture of Mons Polytechnic School (Belgium) about a program of computer-assisted design. That program, written in FORTRAN, has been elaborated with the object of drawing perspective architectural scenes on digital plotters or graphic printers and of eliminating hidden lines from these scenes. Two algorithms, that yield good results for automatic search of observer's position in terms of orientation and for the computation of hidden lines in case of numerous segments and opaque surfaces, are presented. Some graphic examples are provided. An algorithm of previous classifying of segments and opaque surfaces is propounded. The precision of calculations and the magnitude of tolerances for parametric operations of comparison are discussed. The use of APL to introduce, modify or correct data is approached; in this way, a survey of potential application of APL for solid modeling is suggested.
keywords Computer-assisted Design, FORTRAN
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 05:54

_id c201
authors Elfes, Alberto and Talukdar, Sarosh N.
year 1983
title A Distributed Control System for a Mobile Robot
source 7 p. : ill. Pittsburgh: Design Research Center, CMU, December, 1983. includes bibliography
summary This paper describes a distributed software control structure developed for the CMU Rover, an advanced mobile robot equipped with a variety of sensors. Expert modules control the operation of the sensors and actuators, interpret sensory and feedback information, build an internal model of the robot's working environment, devise strategies to accomplish proposed tasks and execute these strategies. Each expert module is composed of a pair of (master, slave) processes, where the master process controls the scheduling and working of the slave process. Communication among expert modules occurs asynchronously over a blackboard structure. Information specific to the execution of a given task is provided through a control plan. The system is distributed over a network of processors. Real-time operating system kernels local to each processor and an interprocess message communication mechanism ensure transparency of the underlying network structure. The various parts of the system are presented in this paper and future work to be performed is mentioned
keywords robotics, control
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 8e9b
authors Foque, R. and Hashimshony, R.
year 1983
title Experience of a Design Exercise, Making Use of the Programs: Goal, Bible & Gloss (Developed by Abacus)
source Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe [European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education] Brussels (Belgium) 1983, pp. II.1-II.9
summary A 6 weeks (2 days a week) design exercise, making use of the above programs, was held the last bimester in the Faculty of Architecture in TH Delft. This exercise was an experimental one for the students, as well as for the teachers. As the exercise had an experimental character, it is clear that a lot should be learned from that experience, both from its positive and negative outcomes. The paper will try to evaluate on this point for the benefit of those intending to set up similar projects.

keywords Experimental Exercise
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 05:48

_id 4dc9
authors Fregier, Marius
year 1983
title TRANSFORMATION PIPES: A model to manipulate data, using graphical interaction, based on transformation pipes, between the graphical devices and a data base
source Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe [European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education] Brussels (Belgium) 1983, pp. IV.16-IV.25
summary Conditions of the manipulation of data, using a high level of graphical interaction within a data base in computer aided architectural design, are examined. A so called "TRANSFORMATION PIPES" model (data structure and processes) is described, its goal being to carry out the communications from the graphical devices to the data base and vice versa.
keywords Abstract Data Structure, Morphological Description
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 05:57

_id 40bf
authors Funt, Brian V.
year 1983
title Analogical Modes of Reasoning and Process Modeling
source IEEE Computer. IEEE computer society, October, 1983. vol. 16: pp. 99-103 : ill. includes bibliography
summary Analogical reasoning can be incorporated into AI problem- solving systems, representing data in a form amenable to parallel processing. One program using analog is Whisper, an AI problem-solving system, which uses a diagram to predict the collapse of a structure constructed from a set of blocks
keywords AI, parallel processing, reasoning, problem solving
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 620a
authors Galle, Per
year 1983
title A Theorem Relating to Exhaustive Generation of Floor Plans
source Bulletin of Computer Aided Architectural Design. May, 1983. pp. 30-33 : ill
summary Many problems arise in connection with automated design of architectural floor plans. If modular grids are used, one problem is to avoid repeated generation of the same plan on different modular grids. Using the concept of 'modular complexity,' the paper presents and proves a theorem which offers a solution to this problem
keywords automation, design, planning, architecture, floor plans, grids, search, synthesis
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id 4052
authors Gero, John S., Akiner , Tuncer V. and Radford, Antony D.
year 1983
title What's What and What's Where : Knowledge Engineering in the Representation of Building by Computer
source 1983. 205-215 pp. : ill. floor planes. include a short bibliography
summary Knowledge engineering allows for the encoding of both numeric and symbolic knowledge as inferences. It provides a fundamentally different means of representing buildings than do traditional data structures and databases. A prototypical knowledge engineering reasoning system which reasons about topological relationships, geometric entities and attributes of buildings is described. It is applied in the analysis of an existing small hotel. Using knowledge engineering we can expect future CAAD system to be different to the one with which we have become familiar
keywords building, representation, reasoning, knowledge, analysis, evaluation, systems
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id a456
authors Gould, J.D., Conti, J. and Hovanyecz, T.
year 1983
title Composing Letters with a Simulated Listening Typewriter
source Communications of the ACM. April, 1983. vol. 26: pp. 295-308 : ill. graphs, tables. includes bibliography
summary With a listening typewriter, what an author says would be automatically recognized and displayed in front of him or her. However, speech recognition is not yet advanced enough to provide people with a reliable listening typewriter. An aim of the authors' experiments was to determine if an imperfect listening typewriter would be useful for composing letters. Participants dictated letters, either in isolated words or in consecutive word speech. They did this with simulations of listening typewriters that recognized either a limited vocabulary (1000 or 5000 words) or an unlimited vocabulary. Results suggest that some versions, even upon first using them, could be at least as good as traditional methods of handwriting and dictating. Isolated word speech with large vocabularies may provide the basis for a useful listening typewriter
keywords natural languages, applications, systems, business, AI
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 12:41

_id sigradi2007_af13
id sigradi2007_af13
authors Granero, Adriana Edith; Alicia Barrón; María Teresa Urruti
year 2007
title Transformations in the educational system, Influence of the Digital Graph [Transformaciones en el sistema educacional, influencia de la Gráfica Digital]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 182-186
summary The educative proposal was based on the summary attained through experiences piled up during the 2 last semester courses, 2/2006-1/2007. This proposal corresponds to a mix of methodology (by personal attendance / by internet). Founding on the Theory of the Game (Eric Berne 1960) and on different theories such as: Multiple intelligences (Haward Gardner 1983), Emotional Intelligence (Peter Salowey and John Mayer 1990, Goleman 1998), Social Intelligence (Goleman 2006), the Triarchy of Intelligence (Stemberg, R.J. 1985, 1997), “the hand of the human power”, it´s established that the power of the voice, that of the imagination, the reward, the commitment and association produce a significant increase of the productivity (Rosabeth Moss Kanter 2000), aside from the constructive processes of the knowledge (new pedagogical concepts constructivista of Ormrod J.E. 2003 and Tim O´Reilly 2004).
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id c4a6
authors Haapasalo, Harri
year 1997
title The Role of CAD In Creative Architectural Sketching
source Challenges of the Future [15th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-3-0] Vienna (Austria) 17-20 September 1997
summary The history of computers in architectural design is very short; only a few decades; when compared to the development of methods in practical design (Gero 1983). However, the development of the user interfaces has been very fast. According to the practical observations of over one hundred architects, user interfaces are at present inflexible in sketching, although computers can make drafts and the creation of alternatives quicker and more effective in the final stages of designing (Haapasalo 1997). Based on our research in the field of practical design we would wish to stimulate a wider debate about the theory of design. More profound perusal compels us to examine human modes, pre-eminently different levels of thinking and manners of inference. What is the meaning of subconscious and conscious thinking in design? What is the role of intuition in practical design? Do the computer aided design programs apply to creative architectural sketching? To answer such questions, distinct, profound and broad understanding from different disciplines is required. Even then, in spite of such specialist knowledge we cannot hope to unambiguously and definitively answer such questions.
keywords Creativity, Design Process, Architectural Design, Sketching, Computer Aided Design
series eCAADe
last changed 2001/08/17 13:11

_id 610b
authors Hall, R.N.
year 1983
title The Use of Gable OMS (Object Modelling System) in the Building Design ProcessThe Use of Gable OMS (Object Modelling System) in the Building Design Process
source Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe [European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education] Brussels (Belgium) 1983, pp. III.1-III.18
summary GABLE CAD SYSTEMS comprise a suite of integrated sub-systems, one of which is OMS. The use of OMS in the development of a building design enables three dimensional graphical modelling of objects associated with buildings. Thus furniture, fittings and fixtures may be located within any room in a building or outside a building or in relation to other groups of objects unrelated to a building. Once located, objects and building may be seen in 2D plan and elevation/section projection or 3D projection (perspectives, axonometrics, isometrics, etc.). In this way furniture, people, cars, trees,landscape objects may all be modelled and graphically represented in addition to the modelling capabilities enabled using GABLE BMS (Building Modelling System). These graphically represented 2D and 3D views of objects can then be passed into GABLE IDS for further embellishment, annotation or dimensioning to produce detailed working drawings.
keywords Three Dimensional Graphical Modelling
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 05:52

_id 11b4
authors Hall, Theodore W.
year 2001
title 2001: An Acadia Odyssey
source ACADIA Quarterly, vol. 20, pp. 6-7
summary ACADIA marked the dawn of its third decade last October, at its 21st annual conference, the 20th anniversary of its birth. If the numbers seem inconsistent at first, recall that the association was born at its 1st conference, its 0th anniversary, in 1981. Of the twenty-four founding members, only a few are still active. I joined at the third conference, in 1983, and I’ve never met half the founders. Perhaps they never expected the association to last two years, let alone two decades. In the meantime, an entire generation has come of age and begun to take the reins. ACADIA is alive and well, thank you very much.
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/12/14 08:21

_id e663
authors Hanna, Samir L., Abel, John F. and Greenberg, Donald P.
year 1983
title Intersection of Parametric Surfaces by Means of Look-Up Tables
source IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications. October, 1983. vol. 3: pp. 39-48 : ill. (some col.). includes bibliography
summary The intersection curve between parametric surfaces is important in such computer-aided design and manufacturing functions as shape design, analysis of drawing, design of fillets, and computation of numerically controlled tooling paths. The algorithm presented here provides an adequately accurate mathematical representation of the intersection curve. It also provides a database to simplify such operations as hidden-surface removal, surface rendering, profile identification, and interference or clearance computations. Further the algorithm facilitates creating and changing a finite element mesh in the intersection region
keywords parametrization, curves, curved surfaces, algorithms, intersection
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 27f4
authors Holtz, Neal M. and Rasdorf, William J.
year 1983
title LISP - A CAD System Programming Language
source Journal of Technical Topics in Civil Engineers. April, 1983. vol. 109: pp. 58-72
summary LISP may currently be the best programming language to use for the development of engineering computer-aided design (CAD) systems. While languages like FORTRAN represent important advances over their predecessors, it may be that a single static programming language will never be completely adequate for engineering programming. What is needed is a language that can evolve in response to changing needs. This paper is concerned with the programming languages that support CAD systems. The choice of such a programming language significantly influences the flavor of the product derived from that language. The language should provide a style of interaction and a programming environment that is a good model for software developers. At the very least, this will lead to a consistency among most programs developed using that language. The language should also help reduce program complexity and permit one to program at the level of application concepts, rather than at the level of memory locations. LISP or LISP-like languages provide perhaps our greatest opportunity for reducing program complexity to manageable proportions. More importantly, the systems are of better quality when they reflect the style provided by LISP; they tend to be more easily tailored to the needs of individual users
keywords CAD, LISP, languages, programming, engineering
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id cbe9
authors Jacob, Robert J.K.
year 1983
title Using Formal Specifications in the Design of a Human-Computer Interface
source Communications of the ACM April, 1983. vol. 26: pp. 259-264 : diagrams. includes bibliography.
summary Formal specification techniques are valuable in software development because they permit a designer to describe the external behavior of a system precisely without specifying its internal implementation. Although formal specifications have been applied to many areas of software systems, they have not been widely used for specifying user interfaces. In the Military Message System project at the Naval Research Laboratory, the user interfaces as well as the other components of a family of message systems are specified formally, and prototypes are then implemented from the specifications. This paper illustrates the specification of the user interface module for the family of message systems. It then surveys specification techniques that can be applied to human-computer interfaces and divides the techniques into two categories: those based on state transition diagrams and those based on BNF. Examples of both types of specifications are given. Specification notations based on state transition diagrams are preferable to those based on BNF because the former capture the surface structure of the user interface more perspicuously. In either notation, high-level abstraction for describing the semantics of the user interface is needed, and an application-specific one is used here
keywords user interface, design, theory
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id e5c4
authors Johnson-Laird
year 1983
title Mental Models
source Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
summary As psychological representations of real, hypothetical, or imaginary situations, mental models were first postulated by the Scottish psychologist Kenneth Craik (1943), who wrote that the mind constructs "small-scale models" of reality to anticipate events, to reason, and to underlie . The models are constructed in working memory as a result of perception, the comprehension of discourse, or imagination (see 1982; Johnson-Laird 1983). A crucial feature is that their structure corresponds to the structure of what they represent. Mental models are accordingly akin to architects' models of buildings and to chemists' models of complex molecules.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id 69aa
authors Kaku, Bharat K. and Thompson, Gerald L.
year 1983
title An Exact Algorithm for the General Quadratic Assignment Problem
source December, 1983. 18 P. includes bibliography
summary The authors develop an algorithm that is based on the linearizaition and decomposition of a general Quadratic Assignment Problem of size n into n2 Linear Assignment problems of size (n-1). The solutions to these subproblems are used to calculate a lower bound for the original problem, and this bound is then used in an exact branch and bound procedure. These subproblems are similar to the 'minors' defined by Lawler, but allow calculation of tighter bounds. Computational experience is given for solution to optimization of problems of size up to n = 10
keywords algorithms, branch-and-bound, operations research, linear programming
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id 4b8e
authors Kalay, Yehuda E. and Eastman, Charles M.
year 1983
title Shape Operation : An Algorithm For Binary Combining Boundary Model Solids
source November, 1983. 30 p. : ill. includes bibliography
summary The attractiveness of shape operators to end-users of geometric modeling systems stems from their intuitive clarity. Their implementation, however, is one of the most difficult algorithms in computational geometry. This complexity is further increased by the special properties of surfaces, such as orientation, that places the algorithm in the domain of manifold theory more than of set theory. A theoretical base for applying the set-theoretic operators of union, intersection and difference to spatial domains is presented, along with an algorithm that is successful in negotiating these complexities and all their special cases (in particular the presence of coincidental surfaces). The general principles of representing solids through their bounding surfaces and topics in manifold theory and boolean algebra relevant to understanding the algorithm are also discussed. The algorithm has been successfully implemented in three different geometric modeling systems over a period of four years. Some example of its application are included
keywords algorithms, boolean operations, solid modeling, B-rep, geometric modeling, topology
series CADline
last changed 2003/05/17 08:18

_id 4d66
authors Kalay, Yehuda E.
year 1983
title A Relational Database for Non-Manipulative Representation of Solid Objects
source Computer Aided Design September, 1983. vol. 15: pp. 271-276 : ill. includes bibliography.
summary Being the heart of any solid modeling system, much effort has been spent on formulating the data models which represent the shape of a polyhedral solid object within the computer in an accurate, unique and complete manner. This paper presents an example relational model as a complementary logical schema for viewing the shape database. It facilitates compact storage and supports non-manipulative query operations through the projection, selection and join operators defined for the relational model, without requiring expert knowledge of the manipulative structure. The flexibility of the relational model, compared with that of the hierarchical, manipulative one, allows easy extensibility and the association of non- geometric attributes with each data item
keywords solid modeling, polyhedra, relational database, representation
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

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