CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 41 to 60 of 89

_id 0551
authors Haller, Fritz
year 1985
title The Design of Buildings Which Have Complex Mechanical Infrastructure Using Expert Systems
source 1985? 24 p. : ill. Co-authored by several contributors. Includes bibliography
summary The paper presents a project whose aim is to find better methods for the design of buildings like laboratories, office buildings, schools, hospitals etc., which have complex mechanical systems. The design of the mechanical infrastructure in such buildings is as important as the design of other architectural or construction parts. The fundamental idea of the project is to integrate design problems of the mechanical system into the design of the architectural and structural concepts of the entire building. This is based on the belief that using an expert system containing computer programs for the solution of design problems can support the whole design process and that the design of buildings having complex mechanical infrastructure can be qualitatively better and more efficient than the design with traditional methods
keywords architecture, expert systems, mechanical, systems, applications, design, building, construction
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id e799
authors Howes, Jaki
year 1986
title Computer Education in Schools of Architecture and the Needs of Practice
source Teaching and Research Experience with CAAD [4th eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Rome (Italy) 11-13 September 1986, pp. 45-48
summary In April 1985 there was a meeting (at Huddersfield Polytechnic) or representatives from 26 Schools of Architecture. At this, concern was expressed about the lack of direction from the RIBA with regard to the appropriate level of computer teaching on architectural courses. In addition, it was felt that it was essential that at least one member of a Visiting Board panel should be computer literate and in a position to give advice. These points were raised at the RIBA Computer Committee later in 1985, and the committee's attention was also drawn to comments contained in the report by HM Inspector on Public Sector Education in Architecture (1985) based on investigations made during 1984.
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/23 08:30

_id 2a4f
authors Jordani, David A.
year 1985
title The Management of CADD Systems in the AEC Office
source 1985. [17] p
summary A well known A/E firm purchased a CAAD system two years ago. They report great success and satisfaction. Their staff is enthused and more importantly so are their clients. Other firms watched them, and after six months one of their competitors purchased the identical CADD system. But that's where the similarities end. At the second firm, the system is under-utilized, management and staff appear to regret their decision and there has been little impact on the firm's work, its profitability and its clients. Identical systems installed in very similar firms with totally different results. What's the difference? MANAGEMENT...Even with the brief history of CADD in the AEC office we can see that the success or failure of CADD system implementation is more likely traced to the effectiveness of management than accuracy of system selection. The information conveyed in this paper is directed at new and experienced planners and managers of turnkey CADD systems in AEC or facilities management environments. With a focus on real solutions to real problems, it addresses some of the critical issues that will help you successfully plan and implements your own CADD system
keywords practice, management, architecture, CAD, integration, systems
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 8504
authors Junge, Richard. (Ed.)
year 1997
title CAAD futures 1997 [Conference Proceedings]
source 7th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design/ ISBN 0-7923-4726-9 / München / Germany, 4-6 August 1997, 931 p.
summary Since the establishment of the CAAD futures Foundation in 1985 CAAD experts from all over the world meet every two years to present and at the same time document the state of art of research in Computer Aided Architectural Design. The history of CAAD futures started in the Netherlands at the Technical Universities of Eindhoven and Delft, where the CAAD futures Foundation came into being. Then CAAD futures crossed the oceans for the first time, the third CAAD futures in '89 was held at Harvard University. Next stations in the evolution where in '91 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, the ETH Zürich. In '93 the conference was organized by Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh and in '95 by National University Singapore. CAAD futures '95 marked the world wide nature by organizing it for the first time in Asia. The seventh CAAD futures is the first being organized by a German University. For the as small as newly and only provisional established CAAD group at the Faculty for Architecture at Technical University München it is honor and challenge at the same time to be the organizer of CAAD futures '97.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 1999/04/06 07:19

_id 0e0a
authors Kalay, Yehuda E., Harfmann, Anton C. and Swerdloff, Lucien M.
year 1985
title An Expert System Approach to Computer-Aided Participatory Architectural Design
source February, 1985. 16 p. : ill. includes bibliography
summary Increased satisfaction of the built environment can be achieved by more effective communication between the people who use that environment and the designers who form it. Participatory design is a method which educates and involves the users in the actual design process so that such a communication becomes possible. Methods that have so far been developed for participatory design have proven to be too limited, due mainly to the large time demands they place on architects. An effective participatory design method can be achieved by the use of a knowledge-based expert system which is capable of providing an educational design experience to the user. The development and implementation of such a system, specifically for the design of single family homes, is the focus of this paper
keywords expert systems, CAD, architecture, design process
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id e1a8
authors Kellogg, Richard E.
year 1985
title CAD-Spreadsheet Linkages for Design and Analysis
source ACADIA Workshop ‘85 [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Tempe (Arizona / USA) 2-3 November 1985, pp. 109-118
summary This paper reports on two systems under development which link a CAD system with a spreadsheet. The first extracts areas and R-values from a special AutoCAD drawing and processes the information in a Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet to obtain total heatloss for a building. The second is a prototype expert system which uses space labels from an AutoCAD "bubble-diagram" to print lists of design recommendations extracted from a Lotus 1-2-3 data-base. These methods emphasize drawing as the primary design activity, while providing immediate factual feedback about the design proposal.

series ACADIA
last changed 2003/05/16 17:23

_id 0e5e
authors Kociolek, A.
year 1986
title CAD in Polish Building
source Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures [CAAD Futures Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-408-05300-3] Delft (The Netherlands), 18-19 September 1985, pp. 235-245
summary There is little CAAD in Polish architectural design offices, and only recently have practising architects discovered the computer. On the other hand, CAAD has been used for some time in research and development based at universities or in large design organizations. This chapter gives a broad picture of the computerization of building design in Poland, a complex process which concerns planning and financing, hardware, software, CAD practice, standardization, training, education, etc. Here architectural applications are treated on an equal basis, together with other applications representing design disciplines involved in design, such as structural and mechanical engineering. The underlying philosophy of this chapter is a belief that proper and well-balanced computerization of design in building which leaves creative work to human beings should result in better design and eventually in improvements in the built environment. Therefore integration of the design process in building seems more important for design practice than attempts to replace an architect by a computer, although the intellectual attraction of this problem is recognized.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 1999/04/03 15:58

_id 80bf
authors Kubale, Marek and Jackowski, Boguslaw
year 1985
title A Generalized Implicit Enumeration Algorithm for Graph Coloring
source Communications of the ACM. April, 1985. vol. 28: pp. 412-418 : graphs. includes bibliography
summary A generalized algorithm for graph coloring by implicit enumeration is formulated. A number of backtracking sequential methods are discussed in terms of the generalized algorithm. Some are revealed to be partially correct and inexact. A few corrections to the invalid algorithms are proposed, which cause these algorithms to guarantee optimal solutions. Finally, some computational results and remarks on the practical relevance of improved implicit enumeration algorithms are given
keywords algorithms, graphs
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id a920
authors Kulcke, Richard
year 1989
title CAAD in the Architectural Education of the Fachhochschulen in the Federal Republic of Germany
source CAAD: Education - Research and Practice [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 87-982875-2-4] Aarhus (Denmark) 21-23 September 1989, pp. 4.3.1
summary For over 10 years the author has been a teacher in the field of "computer application in architecture" at the Fachhochschule. Since 1985 he regularly has been taking part in the conferences of A.I.I.D.A. (Arbeitskreis INFORMATIK IN DER ARCHlTEKTENAUSBILDUNG). All the faculties of architecture at the Fachhochschulen (about 10) can send their representatives of CAAD to the conferences. A.I.I.D.A. has been having 2 conferences a year since 1985. At the last conference in Wiesbaden a paper with statements of A.I.I.D.A. for the further education in CAAD was finished. The author presents and explains this paper. On the other hand he shows the actual education program of CAAD of his faculty. The education in CAAD started in 1972 with basic information without practical elements. Now the practical work with the workstation is talking most of the time . The computer application is available for subjects like Building Economics, Building and Structure Design and others. With his assistant the author developed programs of the field of Building Economics. In 1986 he started introduce CAD with AutoCAD in the education program. Now also other colleagues start to integrate CAAD into their subjects.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 09:44

_id 0711
authors Kunnath, S.K., Reinhorn, A.M. and Abel, J.F.
year 1990
title A Computational Tool for Evaluation of Seismic Performance of RC Buildings
source February, 1990. [1] 15 p. : ill. graphs, tables. includes bibliography: p. 10-11
summary Recent events have demonstrated the damaging power of earthquakes on structural assemblages resulting in immense loss of life and property (Mexico City, 1985; Armenia, 1988; San Francisco, 1989). While the present state-of-the-art in inelastic seismic response analysis of structures is capable of estimating response quantities in terms of deformations, stresses, etc., it has not established a physical qualification of these end-results into measures of damage sustained by the structure wherein system vulnerability is ascertained in terms of serviceability, repairability, and/or collapse. An enhanced computational tool is presented in this paper for evaluation of reinforced concrete structures (such as buildings and bridges) subjected to seismic loading. The program performs a series of tasks to enable a complete evaluation of the structural system: (a) elastic collapse- mode analysis to determine the base shear capacity of the system; (b) step-by-step time history analysis using a macromodel approach in which the inelastic behavior of RC structural components is incorporated; (c) reduction of the response quantities to damage indices so that a physical interpretation of the response is possible. The program is built around two graphical interfaces: one for preprocessing of structural and loading data; and the other for visualization of structural damage following the seismic analysis. This program can serve as an invaluable tool in estimating the seismic performance of existing RC buildings and for designing new structures within acceptable levels of damage
keywords seismic, structures, applications, evaluation, civil engineering, CAD
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 12:41

_id 687b
authors Lansdown, John
year 1986
title Requirements for Knowledge-based Systems in Design
source Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures [CAAD Futures Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-408-05300-3] Delft (The Netherlands), 18-19 September 1985, pp. 120-127
summary Even from the comparatively small amount of work that has been done in this area it is already clear that expert systems can be of value in many architectural applications. This is particularly so in those applications involving what broadly can be called, 'classification' (such as fault diagnosis, testing for conformity with regulations and so on). What we want to look at in this chapter are some of the developments in knowledge-based systems (KBS) which will be needed in order to make them more useful in a broader application area and, especially, in creative design. At the heart of these developments will be two things: (1), more appropriate methods of representing knowledge which are as accessible to humans as they are to computers; and (2), better ways of ensuring that this knowledge can be brought to bear exactly where and when it is needed. Knowledge engineers usually call these elements, respectively, 'knowledge representation' and 'control'.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 1999/04/03 15:58

_id 17eb
authors Lehtonen, H.
year 1985
title On the principles of visualisation of planning
source Espoo, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Laboratory of Land Use. Report available from the Laboratory
summary Contributed by Susan Pietsch (
keywords 3D City Modeling, Development Control, Design Control
series other
last changed 2001/06/04 18:41

_id e02f
authors Lenart, Mihaly
year 1985
title The Design of Buildings which Have Complex Mechanical Infrastructure using Expert Systems
source ACADIA Workshop ‘85 [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Tempe (Arizona / USA) 2-3 November 1985, pp. 52-68
summary This paper presents a project under development at the University of Karlsruhe in which the author took part for two years. The aim of this project which was supported by the German Research Association (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) is to find better methods for the design of buildings having complex mechanical systems like laboratories, office buildings, schools, hospitals. etc. The design of the mechanical infrastructure in such buildings is as important as the design of other architectural or construction parts. The fundamental idea of the project is to consider design problems of the mechanical system as part of the design of the architectural and structural concepts of the entire building. This is based on the belief that the use of an expert system containing computer programs for the solution of design problems can support the whole design procedure and that the design of buildings having complex mechanical infrastructure can be qualitatively better and more efficient than the design with traditional methods.

series ACADIA
last changed 1999/01/01 17:50

_id ae09
authors Lieberman, Henry
year 1985
title There's More to Menu Systems Than Meets the Screen
source SIGGRAPH '85 Conference Proceedings. July, 1985. vol. 19 ; no. 3: pp. 181-189 : ill. includes bibliography
summary Love playing with those fancy menu-based graphical user interfaces, but afraid to program one yourself for your own application? Do windows seem opaque to you? Are you scared of Mice? Like what-you-see-is-what-you-get but don't know how to get-what-you-want-to-see on the screen? Everyone agrees using systems like graphical document illustrators, circuit designers, and iconic file systems is fun, but programming user interfaces for these systems isn't as much fun as it should be. Systems like the Lisp Machines, Xerox D- Machines, and Apple Macintosh provide powerful graphics primitives, but the casual applications designer is often stymied by the difficulty of mastering the details of window specification, multiple processes, interpreting mouse input, etc. This paper presents a kit called EZWin, which provides many services common to implementing a wide variety of interfaces, described as generalized editors for sets of graphical objects. An individual application is programmed simply by creating objects to represent the interface itself, each kind of graphical object, and each command. A unique interaction style is established which is insensitive to whether commands are chosen before or after their arguments. The system anticipates the types of arguments needed by commands preventing selection mistakes which are a common source of frustrating errors. Displayed objects are made 'mouse-sensitive' only if selection of the object is appropriate in the current context. The implementation of a graphical interface for a computer network simulation is described to illustrate how EZWin works
keywords user interface, computer graphics
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:09

_id c361
authors Logan, Brian S.
year 1986
title Representing the Structure of Design Problems
source Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures [CAAD Futures Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-408-05300-3] Delft (The Netherlands), 18-19 September 1985, pp. 158-170
summary In recent years several experimental CAD systems have emerged which, focus specifically on the structure of design problems rather than on solution generation or appraisal (Sussman and Steele, 1980; McCallum, 1982). However, the development of these systems has been hampered by the lack of an adequate theoretical basis. There is little or no argument as to what the statements comprising these models actually mean, or on the types of operations that should be provided. This chapter describes an attempt to develop a semantically adequate basis for a model of the structure of design problems and presents a representation of this model in formal logic.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 1999/04/03 15:58

_id a864
authors Love, James A.
year 1985
title CAAD: The Interactive Effect in Technical Education
source ACADIA Workshop ‘85 [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Tempe (Arizona / USA) 2-3 November 1985, pp. 1-12
summary The factors that determine the value of CAAD tools in technical education are investigated. Pedagogical theory on problem solving is reviewed, and its relationship to the design process as described by Mitchell is discussed. The goals of design practice and design education are compared. Consideration of the nature of the architectural design process and the impact of CAAD leads to the conclusion that cognitive skills, as defined by Gagne, are of increasing importance. Pre-CAAD approaches to technical instruction are discussed. The opportunities represented by CAAD in terms of more relevant, effective, and rewarding learning experiences are noted. Features that make CAAD tools effective for instruction are considered, and the need for specialized instructional software is pointed out. Additional benefits of CAAD usage, including greater effectiveness of instructional staff and substitution for laboratory hardware are noted.
series ACADIA
last changed 2003/07/28 12:31

_id cf2005_1_000
id cf2005_1_000
authors Martens, Bob and Brown, Andre (eds.)
year 2005
title Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005
source Proceedings of the 11th International Conference [ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna 20-22 June 2005, 480 p.
summary CAAD Futures is a biennial Conference that aims to promote the advancement of Computer Aided Architectural Design in the service of those concerned with the quality of the built environment. The conferences are organised under the auspices of the CAAD Futures Foundation. The series of conferences started in 1985 in Delft, and has since travelled to Eindhoven, Boston, Zurich, Pittsburgh, Singapore, Munich, Atlanta and Tainan. The book contains papers selected from the 11th CAAD Futures conference which took place at Vienna University of Technology, June 20-22, 2005. The papers in this book cover a wide range of subjects and provide an excellent overview of the state-of-the-art in research on Computer Aided Architectural Design.
series CAAD Futures
type normal paper
last changed 2007/07/23 05:33

_id 244d
authors Monedero, J., Casaus, A. and Coll, J.
year 1992
title From Barcelona. Chronicle and Provisional Evaluation of a New Course on Architectural Solid Modelling by Computerized Means
source CAAD Instruction: The New Teaching of an Architect? [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Barcelona (Spain) 12-14 November 1992, pp. 351-362
summary The first step made at the ETSAB in the computer field goes back to 1965, when professors Margarit and Buxade acquired an IBM computer, an electromechanical machine which used perforated cards and which was used to produce an innovative method of structural calculation. This method was incorporated in the academic courses and, at that time, this repeated question "should students learn programming?" was readily answered: the exercises required some knowledge of Fortran and every student needed this knowledge to do the exercises. This method, well known in Europe at that time, also provided a service for professional practice and marked the beginning of what is now the CC (Centro de Calculo) of our school. In 1980 the School bought a PDP1134, a computer which had 256 Kb of RAM, two disks of 5 Mb and one of lO Mb, and a multiplexor of 8 lines. Some time later the general politics of the UPC changed their course and this was related to the purchase of a VAX which is still the base of the CC and carries most of the administrative burden of the school. 1985 has probably been the first year in which we can talk of a general policy of the school directed towards computers. A report has been made that year, which includes an inquest adressed to the six Departments of the School (Graphic Expression, Projects, Structures, Construction, Composition and Urbanism) and that contains interesting data. According to the report, there were four departments which used computers in their current courses, while the two others (Projects and Composition) did not use them at all. The main user was the Department of Structures while the incidence of the remaining three was rather sporadic. The kind of problems detected in this report are very typical: lack of resources for hardware and software and for maintenance of the few computers that the school had at that moment; a demand (posed by the students) greatly exceeding the supply (computers and teachers). The main problem appeared to be the lack of computer graphic devices and proper software.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 14:29

_id 0fa2
authors Morozumi, M.
year 1985
title Studies on the Network Analysis for Locational Optimization and their Application to Locating Ambulance Stations
source Waseda University, Tokyo
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id 0397
authors Nadler, Edmond
year 1985
title Piecewise Linear Approximation on Triangulations of a Planar Region
source Reports in Pattern Analysis. [2], V, 76 p. :ill. May, 1985. No. 140. includes bibliography
summary For any triangulation of a given polygonal region, consider the piecewise linear least squares approximation of a given smooth function u. The problem is to characterize triangulations for which the global error of approximation is minimized for the number of triangles. The analogous problem in one dimension has been thoroughly analyzed, but in higher dimensions one has also to consider the shapes of the subregions, and not only their relative size. After establishing the existence of such an optimal triangulation, the local problem of best triangle shape is considered. Using an expression for the error of approximation involving the matrix H of second derivatives, the best shaped triangle is seen to be an equilateral transformed by a matrix related to H. This triangle is long in the direction of minimum curvature and narrow in the direction of maximum curvature, as one would expect. For the global problem, a series of two lower bounds on the approximation error are obtained, which suggest an asymptotic error estimate for optimal triangulation. The error estimate is shown to hold, and the conditions for attaining the lower bounds characterize the sizes and shapes of the triangles in the optimal triangulation. The shapes are seen to approach the optimal shapes described in the local analysis, and the errors on the triangles are seen to be asymptotically balanced
keywords triangulation, landscape, topology, computational geometry, computer graphics
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:09

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