CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 181 to 200 of 206

_id 43a7
authors Durrett, John H. (ed.)
year 1986
title Color and the Computer
source Cambridge, MA: Academic Press Inc., 299 p.
summary Specific guidelines provide practical knowledge that is easily assimilated. Includes example of color display applications. [includes index]
keywords Color, Computer Graphics
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/15 14:20

_id a666
authors Galle, Per
year 1986
title Abstraction as a Tool of Automated Floor-Plan Design
source Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design. 1986. vol. 13: pp. 21-46 : ill. includes bibliography
summary The automated design of architectural floor plans satisfying given topological and dimensional constraints is a challenging field of research. In this paper ABSTRACTION is pointed out as an important conceptual tool of this field. A critical discussion of existing plan-design methods leads to the conclusion that the potentials of abstraction as a tool have not yet been fully recognized. The rest of the paper is an attempt to improve this situation by suggesting a new approach to automated floor-plan design. Theoretically, design is viewed as a one-to-many relation; a tree whose lines are directed from the root (the problem) towards the leaves (the solutions). Abstraction is viewed as the inverse many-to-one relation. A particular relation of abstraction is defined, such that the intermediate nodes of the tree (between root and leaves) are themselves floor plans, but are less detailed than the solutions. From the study of this concept of abstraction, it is concluded that the design algorithm based on it is likely to have certain useful properties
keywords layout, automation, design, architecture, floor plans, abstraction
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id eb6e
authors Gero, John S.
year 1986
title Knowledge-Based Design Systems in Architecture
source Teaching and Research Experience with CAAD [4th eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Rome (Italy) 11-13 September 1986, p. 243
summary This paper describes continuing research in the Architectural Computing Unit of the University of Sydney on the development of knowledge-based design systems in architecture. It is broken into three parts: (i) antecedents - how did we get here? (ii) the present - where are we? (iii) a future - where might we go from here?
series eCAADe
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/05/16 19:27

_id ecc2
authors Gero, John S. and Balachandran, M. B.
year 1986
title Knowledge and Design Decision Processes
source Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1986. pp. 343- 352
summary This paper describes how knowledge engineering techniques can be employed within optimization design decision processes. It commences with a brief discussion about multicriteria design optimization prior to elaborating the use of knowledge within this decision process. Four areas are briefly described-- knowledge as a control mechanism in the generation of the Pareto optimal set, knowledge needed to select alternate generation processes, knowledge which can be induced from the Pareto optimal set, and knowledge needed to recognize optimization models. A system which implements these concepts is presented
keywords design process, knowledge, representation, optimization, decision making, multicriteria
series CADline
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id 0ac3
authors Heckbert, Paul S.
year 1986
title Survey of Texture Mapping
source IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications. November, 1986. vol. 6: pp. 56-67 : ill. includes bibliography
summary Texture mapping is one of the most successful new techniques in high-quality image synthesis. It can enhance the visual richness of raster-scan images immensely while entailing only a relatively small increase in computation. The technique has been applied to a number of surface attributes: surface color, surface normal, specularity, transparency, illumination, and surface displacement, to name a few. Although the list is potentially endless, the techniques of texture mapping are essentially the same in all cases. This article surveys the fundamentals of texture mapping, which can be split into two topics: the geometric mapping that warps a texture onto a surface, and the filtering necessary to avoid aliasing. An extensive bibliography is included
keywords texture mapping, representation, filtering, computer graphics, visualization
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 056c
authors Herzen, Michel
year 1986
title Computer Science within the Department of Architecture
source Teaching and Research Experience with CAAD [4th eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Rome (Italy) 11-13 September 1986, pp. 49-51
summary The purpose of this short talk is to reveal the didactic option taken by DA-SFIT in the face of the rise of computer science and CAAD.
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 08:00

_id e799
authors Howes, Jaki
year 1986
title Computer Education in Schools of Architecture and the Needs of Practice
source Teaching and Research Experience with CAAD [4th eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Rome (Italy) 11-13 September 1986, pp. 45-48
summary In April 1985 there was a meeting (at Huddersfield Polytechnic) or representatives from 26 Schools of Architecture. At this, concern was expressed about the lack of direction from the RIBA with regard to the appropriate level of computer teaching on architectural courses. In addition, it was felt that it was essential that at least one member of a Visiting Board panel should be computer literate and in a position to give advice. These points were raised at the RIBA Computer Committee later in 1985, and the committee's attention was also drawn to comments contained in the report by HM Inspector on Public Sector Education in Architecture (1985) based on investigations made during 1984.
series eCAADe
email j.howes@lmu.ac.uk
last changed 1998/08/23 08:30

_id 252d
authors Irving, R.H., Higgins, C.A. and Safayeni
year 1986
title Computerized Performance Monitoring Systems : Use and Abuse
source Communications of the ACM. August, 1986. vol. 29: pp. 794-801 : tables. includes bibliography
summary An exploratory study of computerized performance monitoring and control systems reveals both positive and negative effects. Responses of 50 clerical workers from 2 organizations with computerized monitoring were compared to 94 individuals from 3 organizations in similar jobs without computerized monitoring. The results indicate that computerized monitoring is associated with perceived increases in office productivity, more accurate and complete assessment of workers' performance, and higher levels of organizational control. Respondents indicate that managers overemphasize the importance of quantity and underemphasize the importance of quality in evaluating employee performance. Workers perceive increased stress, lower levels of satisfaction, and a decrease in the quality of their relationships with peers and management as a consequence of computerized monitoring. The relevance of existing models of performance monitoring is examined in light of these findings
keywords management, performance, evaluation
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 12:41

_id a48f
authors Krishnan, D. and Patnaik, L.M.
year 1986
title GEODERM : Geometric Shape Design System Using an Entity-Relationship Model
source Computer Aided Design. May, 1986. vol. 18: pp. 207-218 : ill. includes bibliography and 7 appendixes
summary GEODERM, a microcomputer-based solid modeler which incorporates the parametric object model, is discussed. The entity-relationship model, which is used to describe the conceptual schema of the geometric database, is also presented. Three of the four modules of GEODERM, which have been implemented are described in some detail. They are the Solid Definition Language (SDL), the Solid Manipulation Language (SML) and the User-System Interface
keywords CAD, solid modeling, relational database, geometric modeling,parametrization
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 4875
authors Kroll, Lucien
year 1986
title Enseigner L'Informatique aux Architectes?
source Teaching and Research Experience with CAAD [4th eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Rome (Italy) 11-13 September 1986, pp. 52-70
summary Mais ou en est l'architecture? Elle mute. Le grand air frais qui avait été amené par le Mouvement .- Moderne lorsqu'il était jeune, entre les deux guerres et quelques années après la guerre, s'était tiédi et avait fini par servir d'alibi aux pires médiocrités industrielle et bureaucratique: c'était toujours la faute de la Charte d'Athènes... Ceci reposait sur toutes sortes de contre-vérités et de malentendus qui ne sont pas encore tous levés actuellement et sont encore souvent enseignés dans nos écoles.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 08:01

_id c714
authors Majchrzak, Collins, P. and Mandeville, D.
year 1986
title A Quantitative Assessment of Changes in Work Activities Resulting from Computer-Assisted Design
source Behaviour and Information Technology 1986 v.5 n.3 p.259-271
summary In an effort to understand how computer-assisted design (CAD) can be optimized in an organizational setting, perceptions and attitudes of CAD users about their jobs and workplace are compared with those of non-users. Results indicate that the implementation of CAD may not result in the expected benefits if CAD is not appropriately managed. Job unpredictability, job autonomy, and job interdependence are three areas in particular needing management attention if CAD benefits are to be achieved.
series other
last changed 2002/07/07 14:01

_id ecc0
authors Maver, T.W.
year 1986
title Visual Impact Analysis: The Application of Computer Graphics to Architecture and Planning
source Proceedings of Eurographics UK, Glasgow
series other
email t.w.maver@strath.ac.uk
last changed 2003/06/02 13:00

_id 4d2d
authors McCartney, Allan
year 1986
title Teaching Computer Aided Architectural Design - Problems of Identity and Support
source Teaching and Research Experience with CAAD [4th eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Rome (Italy) 11-13 September 1986, pp. 88-96
summary A recent survey carried out in the U.K., which identified the activities in the majority of the Schools of Architecture in the field of CAAD, broadly indicated that whilst most of the schools provided a taught course in CAAD, the nature and extent of the content varied significantly. In many cases, student participation in CAAD was entirely voluntary, whilst in other cases a considerable amount of time was allocated within existing course structures.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 08:04

_id d790
authors Nakamae, E., Harada, K. and Ishizaki, T.
year 1986
title A montage method: the overlaying of the computer generated images onto a background phograph
source Computer Graphics, no. 4:207-214
summary A system of computer programs has been established to generate high quality montage image of considerable usefulness in architectural simulation which combine computer-generated images and photographed background pictures. Traditionally, there are two methods of creating architectural montages: (I) an artist paints new buildings onto a background scene usually generated photographically, and (2) a three-dlmensional scale model is created to simulate the whole landscape, and this model is then photographed. The montage method described here combines aspects of both traditional montage methods with significant improvement in accuracy and reduction of time and cost of preparation. Specifically, a digitized photograph is used as a background scene onto which is superimposed a 3D computer-generated image of a new building. The outstanding points of the new method are: (i) The shading and shadows of each computer generated image are calculated with higher accuracy, (ii) the fog effect is taken into account, and (iii) a new anti-aliasing technique improves the quality of the final montage image.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id aec5
authors Norman, Donald A. and Draper, Stephen W.
year 1986
title User Centered System Design : New Perspectives on Human-Computer Interaction
source xiii, 186 p. : col. ill. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc., 1986. includes bibliography and index
summary A pluralistic approach, design computers from the user's point of view
keywords systems, design, user interface, color, computer graphics
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 2b3a
authors Olsen, Dan R. Jr.
year 1986
title MIKE : The Menu Interaction Kontrol Environment
source ACM Transactions on Graphics. October, 1986. vol. 5: pp. 318-344 : ill. includes bibliography
summary User Interface Management System (UIMS) called MIKE that does not use the syntactic specifications found in most UIMSs is described. Instead, MIKE provides a default syntax that is automatically generated from the definition of the semantic commands that the interaction is to support. The default syntax is refined using an interface editor that allows modification of the representation of the interface. It is shown how active pictures can be created by adding action expressions to the viewports of MIKE's windowing system. The implications of MIKE's command based dialogue description are discussed in terms of extensible interfaces, device and dialogue-style independence, and system support functions
keywords design, user interface, management, systems
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 29c2
authors Ozel, Filiz
year 1991
title An Intelligent Simulation Approach in Simulating Dynamic Processes in Architectural Environments
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures: Education, Research, Applications [CAAD Futures ‘91 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 3-528-08821-4] Zürich (Switzerland), July 1991, pp. 177-190
summary The implications of object-oriented data models and rule-based reasoning systems is being researched in a wide variety of application areas ranging from VLSI circuit design (Afsannanesh et al 1990) to architectural environments (Coyne et al 1990). The potential of this approach in the development of discrete event simulations is also being scrutinized (Birtwistle et al 1986). Such computer models are usually called "expert simulations" or "intelligent simulations". Typically rule-basing in such models allows the definition of intelligent-objects that can reason about the simulated dynamic processes through an inferencing system. The major advantage of this approach over traditional simulation languages is its ability to provide direct reference to real world objects and processes. The simulation of dynamic processes in architectural environments poses an additional Problem of resolving the interaction of architectural objects with other objects such as humans, water, smoke etc., depending on the process simulated. Object-oriented approach promises potential in solving this specific problem. The first part of this paper addresses expert simulation approach within the context of architectural settings, then the second part summarizes work done in the application of such an approach to an emergency egress simulation.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 1999/04/07 10:03

_id 396b
authors Pheasant, Stephan
year 1986
title Bodyspace: Anthropometry
source Ergomonics and the Design of Work, Taylor and Francis, London
summary This edition has been revised to bring fresh insights into the principles and practice of anthropometrics, workspace design, sitting and seating, hands and handles, ergonomics in the office, ergonomics in the home, and health and safety at work.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id e5d8
authors Picone, Marcello
year 1986
title Computer Aided Architectural Operational Planning
source Teaching and Research Experience with CAAD [4th eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Rome (Italy) 11-13 September 1986, pp. 258-274
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 08:18

_id 44fe
authors Ramaekers, J.M.A.
year 1986
title Experiences with CAD at the Hogere Technische School te Heerlen
source Teaching and Research Experience with CAAD [4th eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Rome (Italy) 11-13 September 1986, pp. 121-126
summary In comparison with the educational institutions abroad, the Hogere Technische School can be translated with "Higher Technical School". In Germany it would be"Fachhochschule" The highest level of education at'- the HTS is similar to the level in the second year of the university. Contrary the university study, the study at the HTS is directed at the professional practice. The HTS is national well-known because of her education in CAD-instructions. at the moment CAD-instruction is best developed at the department of building engineering.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/18 08:07

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