CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 61 to 80 of 203

_id 68c8
authors Flemming, U., Coyne, R. and Fenves, S. (et al.)
year 1994
title SEED: A Software Environment to Support the Early Phases in Building Design
source Proceeding of IKM '94, Weimar, Germany, pp. 5-10
summary The SEED project intends to develop a software environment that supports the early phases in building design (Flemming et al., 1993). The goal is to provide support, in principle, for the preliminary design of buildings in all aspects that can gain from computer support. This includes using the computer not only for analysis and evaluation, but also more actively for the generation of designs, or more accurately, for the rapid generation of design representations. A major motivation for the development of SEED is to bring the results of two multi-generational research efforts focusing on `generative' design systems closer to practice: 1. LOOS/ABLOOS, a generative system for the synthesis of layouts of rectangles (Flemming et al., 1988; Flemming, 1989; Coyne and Flemming, 1990; Coyne, 1991); 2. GENESIS, a rule-based system that supports the generation of assemblies of 3-dimensional solids (Heisserman, 1991; Heisserman and Woodbury, 1993). The rapid generation of design representations can take advantage of special opportunities when it deals with a recurring building type, that is, a building type dealt with frequently by the users of the system. Design firms - from housing manufacturers to government agencies - accumulate considerable experience with recurring building types. But current CAD systems capture this experience and support its reuse only marginally. SEED intends to provide systematic support for the storing and retrieval of past solutions and their adaptation to similar problem situations. This motivation aligns aspects of SEED closely with current work in Artificial Intelligence that focuses on case-based design (see, for example, Kolodner, 1991; Domeshek and Kolodner, 1992; Hua et al., 1992).
series other
email ujf@cmu.edu
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id a672
authors Flemming, Ulrich
year 1990
title Syntactic Structures in Architecture: Teaching Composition with Computer Assistance
source The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era [CAAD Futures ‘89 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-262-13254-0] Cambridge (Massachusetts / USA), 1989, pp. 31-48
summary The present paper outlines a plan for the teaching of architectural composition with computer assistance.The approach is to introduce students to a series of architectural languages characterized by a vocabulary of elements and a grammar whose rules indicate how these elements can be placed in space. Exercises with each language include the analysis of precedents; the generation of forms using a given rule set; and follow-up studies with an expanded rule set. The paper introduces languages and exercises through illustrative examples. This architectural content can be taught in the traditional way. The use of computers is motivated by expectations which are stated, and some basic requirements for the needed software are listed. Work to develop this software has started.
series CAAD Futures
email ujf@cmu.edu
last changed 2003/02/26 16:24

_id 63c7
authors Fox, C. William
year 1990
title Integrating Computing into an Architectural Undergraduate Program
source The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era [CAAD Futures ‘89 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-262-13254-0] Cambridge (Massachusetts / USA), 1989, pp. 377-386
summary This paper will discuss the process of integrating computing into the undergraduate architectural program at Temple University. It will address the selection and use of hardware and software consistent with the issues and concerns of introducing a new tool to expand the repertoire of skills available to students for use in the design process.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 1999/04/03 15:58

_id ef95
authors Fregier, Marius
year 1989
title Do You Need Weapons to Keep out of "Artichaud Melanie" - Or How to Teach Prolog Programming to CAD System Design Students
source CAAD: Education - Research and Practice [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 87-982875-2-4] Aarhus (Denmark) 21-23 September 1989, pp. 8.1.1-8.1.9
summary A course aimed on the use of prolog for studying, prototyping and developing CAD systems is presented. This course is based on a practical training. Its objectives, topics, teaching method and applications are briefly introduced . Exercises focussed on interests and.capabilities of CAD designers are presented. These exercises follow a progression which integrate Step by step, different aspects of the application fields. At list these exercises lead to a single application concerned with intelligent graphics.
keywords Education in CAD System Construction, Graphical Extensions to Prolog, Experts Systems, Graphical Interactive Capture of Data, Intelligent Graphic
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 10:01

_id 2613
authors Frew, Robert S.
year 1990
title The Organization of CAD Teaching in Design Schools
source The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era [CAAD Futures ‘89 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-262-13254-0] Cambridge (Massachusetts / USA), 1989, pp. 387-392
summary This paper is the result of a survey of European CAD teaching that was conducted in 1987 and 1988. It makes comparisons with teaching at the Yale School of Architecture, and goes on to analyze the issues that should be addressed in a CAD program in a school of architecture.
series CAAD Futures
email frewr1@southernct.edu
last changed 2003/05/16 18:58

_id 8cff
authors Fridqvist, Sverker
year 1989
title Computers as a Creative Tool in Architecture
source CAAD: Education - Research and Practice [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 87-982875-2-4] Aarhus (Denmark) 21-23 September 1989, pp. 9.6.1-9.6.4
summary The School of Architecture at Lund Institute of Technology was augmented by the establishment of the Computer Studio in 1987. As a result the school now has a device for teaching and research in the architects' use of computers. We are now conducting several research projects as well as courses and an education project. The third and fourth years of the education at the school of architecture are arranged as education projects instead of traditional lecturing. The students choose from projects that are organised by different departments at the School of Architecture. The issue is that the students will ask for instruction when felt needed, and that learning will therefore be more efficient. The Computer Studio has conducted such a project during the first half of 1989. We have tried to encourage the students to use our different computers and programs in new and creative ways. One of the issues of the computer project is to teach the students how computers are used at the architects offices today as well as expected future developments. The students shall be acquainted well enough with present and future possibilities to make good choices when deciding upon buying computers for architectural use. Another issue is to develop new ways of making and presenting architecture by using computers. As a group the teachers at the school of architecture have a very restrictive attitude towards the use of computers. We hope that our project will open their minds for the possibilities of computers, and to engage them in the development of new ways to use computers creatively in architecture. An interesting question is if the use of computers will yield different outcomes of he students' work than traditional methods. An object for research is whether the added possibilities of considering different aspects of he design by using a computer will make for higher quality of the results.

series eCAADe
email Sverker.Fridqvist@caad.lth.se
more http://www.caad.lth.se/
last changed 1998/08/24 10:13

_id ecaade03_433_208_froehlich
id ecaade03_433_208_froehlich
authors Fröhlich, C., Hirschberg, U., Frühwirth, M. and Wondra, W.
year 2003
title no_LAb__in_feld - Is common- ground a word or just a sound? (Lou Reed, 1989)
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 433-436
summary This paper describes the concept and the current state of development of a new laboratory for digital experimentation in architectural education and research. The novel forms of collaboration and learning for which it is intended and the quick pace of innovation in digital technology on which it depends both require an appropriately flexible spatial and technological framework. And it requires a particular mindset. The no_LAb__in_feld is not just another laboratory. It is a place, a community, a high-tech construction site, a permanent work in progress. It is the prototype of a next generation design studio.
keywords Design studio education: creative collaboration; digital playground; hybridinteractive installations; augmented reality
series eCAADe
email hirschberg@tugraz.at
more http://ikg.tugraz.at/
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id e832
authors Galle, Per
year 1989
title Branch & Sample : A Simple Strategy for Constraints Satisfaction
source March, 1989. 29: pp. 395-408 : ill. includes bibliography
summary Many constraint satisfaction problems have too many solutions for exhaustive generation. Optimization techniques may help in selecting a small number of solutions for consideration, but a reasonable measure of optimality is not always at hand. A simple algorithm called Branch & Sample is suggested as an alternative to optimization. Combining breath-first and depth- first search Branch & Sample finds solution distributed over the search tree. The aim is to obtain a limited set of solutions that corresponds well to the intuitive motion of a representative, uniformly scattered sample. A precise definition of this notion is discussed in relation to the algorithm whose effect is illustrated by two geometric design problems. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated and it is concluded that Branch & Sample is applicable to certain types of problems, and refinements can extend the scope of application
keywords automation, design, constraints, backtracking
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id e3c7
authors Galle, Per
year 1989
title Computer Methods in Architectural Problem Solving: Critique and Proposals
source CAAD: Education - Research and Practice [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 87-982875-2-4] Aarhus (Denmark) 21-23 September 1989, pp. 6.4.1-6.4.21
summary While the development of modeling and drafting tools for computer-aided design has reached a state of considerable maturity, computerized decision support in architectural sketch design is still in its infancy after more than 20 years. The paper analyzes the difficulties of developing computer tools for architectural problem solving in the early stages of design where decisions of major importance are made. The potentials of computer methods are discussed in relation to design as a static system of information and to design as a dynamic creative process. Two key problems are identified, and on this background current computer methods intended for use in architectural sketch design are critically reviewed. As a result some guidelines are suggested for future research into computer- aided architectural problem solving. The purpose of the paper is twofold: (1) to encourage research that will take this field into a state of maturity and acceptance by practitioners, and (2) to provoke further debate on the question of how to do it.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 09:59

_id a9b9
authors Galle, Per
year 1989
title Computer Methods in Architectural Problem Solving : Critique and Proposals
source Journal of Architectural and Planning Research. Spring, 1989. vol. 6: pp. 34-54 : ill. includes bibliography
summary While the development of modelling and drafting tools for computer-aided design has reached a state of considerable maturity, computerized decision support in architectural sketch design is still in its infancy after more than 20 years. The paper analyzes the difficulties of developing computer tools for architectural problem solving in the early stages of design where decisions of majors importance are made. The potentials of computer methods are discussed in relation to design as a static system of information, and to design as a creative process. Two key problems are identified, and on this background current computer methods intended for use in architectural sketch design are critically reviewed. As a result some guidelines are suggested for future research into computer-aided architectural problem solving. The purpose of the paper is twofold: (1) to encourage research that will take this field into a state of maturity and acceptance by practitioners, and (2) to provoke further debate on the question of how to do it
keywords architecture, CAD, design process, information, problem solving
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id 778e
authors Gann, D.
year 1994
title Archaeological Site Reconstruction With AutoDesk's 3D Studio
source CSA Newsletter Vol 7:3 Nov 1994
summary 3D Studio is an IBM-compatible computer modeling program that enables users to create three-dimensional renderings of a variety of objects. In its ability to import a wide variety of maps and other images, 3D Studio allows for the realistic rendering of models created within AutoCAD or other 3D CAD packages. Over the past year, the Homol'ovi research program has been utilizing this software to create near photo-realistic renderings of conjectural site models. My own interests in three-dimensional computer modeling developed out of work at the site of Homol'ovi IV, a 150-room pueblo site located near Winslow, Arizona. The site was situated upon a steep 30-meter bluff with a bedrock cap. Approximately 24 rooms were located on top of the bedrock cap, with another 125 rooms situated on the slope of the butte. During the 1989 field season five structures were excavated, while a separate crew worked clearing and mapping the tops of walls. Mapping was accomplished with a Topcon EDM/theodolite station, and a standard map was created from this process. (See Fig. 3.) While the map was sufficient to show the general layout of the site, I remained unsatisfied; a 2D plan view simply did not convey the vertical dimension of the pueblo. At this point the Homol'ovi Research Program purchased a copy of AutoCAD in order to begin exploring three-dimensional mapping and modeling.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id e378
authors Gerken, H.
year 1989
title Performance and Problems of Software Surveys
source CAAD: Education - Research and Practice [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 87-982875-2-4] Aarhus (Denmark) 21-23 September 1989, pp. 6.3.1-6.3.4
summary The general purpose of surveys of products and services is to give a first information on a special market segment to the potential buyer. Therefore such surveys have an important transmitting and at the same time objectifying task. There is a lot of software surveys in West Germany and German-speaking neighboring countries, for instance the well known Nomina Reports. Besides these general, many application fields and computer classes comprising surveys there are special ones which are sometimes part of a larger publication. In the field of architecture there are two special software surveys available: the survey of the Swiss engineers and architects association (SIA) and the survey of the Institute of Architecture and Planning Theory (IAP) of the University of Hannover.
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 09:59

_id abd8
authors Gero, John S. (editor)
year 1989
title Artificial Intelligence in Design
source 553 p. Southampton and Berlin: CMP/Springer-Verlag, 1989 CADLINE has abstract only.
summary This volume contains the selected papers in the design stream from the Fourth International Conference on Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Engineering. The 26 papers are grouped under the following headings: Structural Design; Mechanical Design; Architectural Design; Qualitative Reasoning in Design; Design Research Groups; Constraint-Based Systems in Design; Design Modeling; and Processes in Design
keywords AI, design, architecture, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, reasoning, modeling, constraints
series CADline
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 88cb
authors Gero, John S. and Oksala, Tarkko (editors)
year 1988
title Knowledge-Based Systems in Architecture
source TIPS'88 - Knowledge Based Design in Architecture, Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica (1988 : Helsinki, Finland). 143 p. 1989
summary The technology of knowledge-based systems can be found in texts on artificial intelligence. There is very little published so far on knowledge-based systems in architecture. To this end an international conference -- TIPS' 88: Knowledge-Based Design in Architecture -- was organized for August 1988 in Finland. Thirteen papers from that conference have been selected and edited for this monograph. They are grouped under five parts: Introduction; Schemas and Models; Processes and Knowledge; Modeling Buildings; and Creativity and Knowledge-Based Systems
keywords knowledge base, architecture, representation, expert systems,building, creativity
series CADline
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id eee2
authors Gero, John S. and Rosenman, Michael A.
year 1989
title A Conceptual Framework for Knowledge-Based Design Research at Sydney University's Design Computing Unit
source Southampton/Berlin: CMP/Springer- verlag, 1989. pp. 363-382. Published also in Artificial Intelligence in Engineering 5(2):363-383, 1990
summary This paper presents the conceptual framework behind the Design Computing Unit's knowledge-based design research. It commences with a brief overview before introducing the role of experience in design. The conceptual schema 'prototypes' is introduced and described within a framework of design as transforming required or expected functions to structure descriptions. Current projects related to this conceptual framework are briefly described
keywords CAD, knowledge base, design, prototypes, representation
series CADline
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 4f00
authors Gero, John S. and Sudweeks, F. (editors)
year 1989
title Expert Systems in Engineering, Architecture and Construction
source 360 p University of Sydney: 1989. CADLINE has abstract only.
summary Engineering involves both cognitive and calculational processes. It involves judgement as well as numeracy. Cognitive processes and judgement are better served by expert systems than other existing technologies. Expert systems are not designed to replace technologies currently used in engineering, rather they are and will continue to augment them. Clearly, better tools are needed and further education of engineers is needed. This conference aims to provide a forum for the presentation of developments and applications of expert systems in engineering, primarily in Australasia. The 20 papers accepted for presentation span the spectrum of engineering applications of expert systems from analysis and diagnosis, through simulation and modeling, learning, to design and synthesis
keywords expert systems, knowledge base, design process, architecture, structures, engineering, construction, analysis, simulation, modeling, learning, synthesis
series CADline
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 035e
authors Gero, John S.
year 1988
title Prototypes : A Basis for Knowledge-based Design
source Symposium on Knowledge Based Design in Architecture. 1988. pp. 3-8. Also published in Knowledge Based Systems in Architecture, Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica, Helsinki, edited by J. S. Gero and T. Oksala, 1989
summary A new conceptual schema called a prototype for the representation of generalized design knowledge is proposed. It contains knowledge necessary for the commencement and the continuation of a design. This paper briefly presents the schema and describes its use in designing. Its use in categorizing design processes is presented
keywords prototypes, representation, knowledge base, design
series CADline
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 62d0
authors Gero, John S.
year 1989
title Routine and Non-routine Design : A Prototype- based Approach
source Expert Systems in Engineering Applications International Conference Proceedings. 1989. China: Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press, pp. 369-371
summary CADLINE has abstract only. A new conceptual schema called a prototype for the representation of generalized design knowledge is proposed. It contains knowledge necessary for the commencement and the continuation of a design. This paper briefly presents the schema and describes its use in designing. Its use in categorizing design processes is presented
keywords design, prototypes, knowledge, representation
series CADline
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 49eb
authors Gero, John S.
year 1989
title Knowledge-based Computer-aided Design
source Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1989. pp. 13-20
summary This paper introduces the fundamental notions of knowledge- based computer-aided design. It then reviews approaches based on expert systems and on knowledge-based systems more generally. It concludes by discussing current research which will support future computer-aided design systems
keywords design, CAD, knowledge base, expert systems
series CADline
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id ae90
authors Gero, John S.
year 1989
title Expert Systems for Design
source Expert Systems in Engineering Applications International Conference Proceedings. 1989. China: Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press, pp. i-v. CADLINE has abstract only
summary This paper introduces the fundamental notions of knowledge- based systems before introducing a variety of categories of expert systems in design. It concludes by discussing current research which will support future knowledge-based experts for designs
keywords expert systems, knowledge base, design
series CADline
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

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