CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 101 to 120 of 257

_id 09f7
authors Goldschmidt, Gabriela
year 1990
title Serial Sketching : Feedback Mechanisms in Designing
source System Research, Informatics and Cybernetics, International Conference (5th : 1990 : Baden- Baden, Germany). For Cognition in Design Session, abbreviated paper
summary Designing is seen as a process of small-step transformations of partial images of a still non-existing entity. The ultimate objective of the process is the production of sufficiently coherent and comprehensive representations of design entity, so as to allow the construction of a visual simulation of it, physically or mentally. Sketching is universally used by designers throughout the front-edge of the process as a major tool for the generation, transformation, and representation of images. Serial sketching, often executed on consecutive layers of transparent paper, allows the designer to experiment with changes while fully controlling previous versions of an image. Feedback from each version informs subsequent transformations. This typical characteristic of design behavior is explored through on-line studies quotidian design activity and is compared to modes of production in other domains
keywords design process, cognition, sketching
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id sigradi2007_af13
id sigradi2007_af13
authors Granero, Adriana Edith; Alicia Barrón; María Teresa Urruti
year 2007
title Transformations in the educational system, Influence of the Digital Graph [Transformaciones en el sistema educacional, influencia de la Gráfica Digital]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 182-186
summary The educative proposal was based on the summary attained through experiences piled up during the 2 last semester courses, 2/2006-1/2007. This proposal corresponds to a mix of methodology (by personal attendance / by internet). Founding on the Theory of the Game (Eric Berne 1960) and on different theories such as: Multiple intelligences (Haward Gardner 1983), Emotional Intelligence (Peter Salowey and John Mayer 1990, Goleman 1998), Social Intelligence (Goleman 2006), the Triarchy of Intelligence (Stemberg, R.J. 1985, 1997), “the hand of the human power”, it´s established that the power of the voice, that of the imagination, the reward, the commitment and association produce a significant increase of the productivity (Rosabeth Moss Kanter 2000), aside from the constructive processes of the knowledge (new pedagogical concepts constructivista of Ormrod J.E. 2003 and Tim O´Reilly 2004).
series SIGRADI
email ag@ub.edu.ar adriana.granero@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id ab63
authors Gross, Mark D.
year 1990
title Relational Modeling: A Basis for Computer-Assisted Design
source The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era [CAAD Futures ‘89 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-262-13254-0] Cambridge (Massachusetts / USA), 1989, pp. 123-136
summary Today's computer assisted design (CAD) systems automate traditional ways of working with tracing paper and pencil, but they cannot represent the rules and relationships of a design. As hardware becomes faster and memory less expensive, more sophisticated fundamental software technologies will be adopted. This shift in the basis of CAD will provide powerful capabilities and offer new ways to think about designing. Recently parametric design, a technique for describing a large class of designs with a small description in code, has become a focus of attention in architectural computing. In parametric CAD systems, design features are identified and keyed to a number of input variables. Changes in the input values result in variations of the basic design. Based on conventional software technologies, parametric design has been successfully applied in many design domains including architecture and is supported by several commercial CAD packages. A weakness of parametric techniques is the need to predetermine which properties are input parameters to be varied and which are to be derived. Relational modeling is a simple and powerful extension of parametric design that overcomes this weakness. By viewing relations as reversible rather than one-way, any set of properties can be chosen as input parameters. For example, a relational model that calculates the shadow length of a given building can also be used to calculate the building height given a desired shadow length. In exercising a relational model the designer is not limited to a pre-selected set of input variables but can explore and experiment freely with changes in all parts of the model. Co is a relational modeling environment under development on the Macintosh-II computer, and Co-Draw, a prototype CAD program based on Co. Co's relationaI engine and object-oriented database provide a powerful basis for modeling design relations. Co-Draw's interactive graphics offer a flexible medium for design exploration. Co provides tools for viewing and editing design models in various representations, including spreadsheet cards, tree and graph structures, as well as plan and elevation graphics. Co's concepts and architecture are described and the implications for design education are discussed.
series CAAD Futures
email mdgross@u.washington.edu
last changed 2003/05/16 18:58

_id 4212
authors Haeberli, Paul
year 1990
title Paint by Numbers : Abstract Image Representations
source Computer Graphics. August, 1990. vol. 24: pp. 207-214 : ill. includes bibliography
summary This paper is about creating interesting abstract representations of natural and synthetic scenes. It is possible to create abstract images using an ordered collection of brush strokes. By controlling the color, shape, size, and orientation of individual brush strokes, impressionistic painting of computer generated or photographic images can be created. Several techniques are presented
keywords computer graphics, display, algorithms, user interface, painting, representation, rendering
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id 1ecb
authors Hallberg, Gun
year 1991
title Theories and Methods in Full-Scale Studies
source Proceedings of the 3rd European Full-Scale Modelling Conference / ISBN 91-7740044-5 / Lund (Sweden) 13-16 September 1990, pp. 34-37
summary By full-scale experiments we are studying functional dimensions and spatial requirements in the planning laboratory. That means, that by working in a place where the spatial dimensions could be altered and the consequences studied, we make trials to arrive at acceptable dimensions. Test subjects and various experimental set-ups enable us to study building function requirements in what we think, a quite fruitful way.
keywords Full-scale Modeling, Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/efa
last changed 2003/08/25 08:12

_id c0a3
authors Harfmann, Anton C. and Chen, Stuart S.
year 1989
title Component Based Computer Aided Learning for Students of Architecture and Civil Engineering
source New Ideas and Directions for the 1990’s [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Gainsville (Florida - USA) 27-29 October 1989, pp. 193-208
summary The paper describes the methodology and the current efforts to develop an interdisciplinary computer aided learning system for architects and civil engineers. The system being developed incorporates a component oriented relational database with an existing interactive 3-dimensional modeling system developed in the School of Architecture and Planning at SUNY Buffalo. The software will be used in existing courses in architecture and civil engineering as a teaching aid to help students understand the complex 3-dimensional interrelationships of structural components. Initial implementation has focused on the modeling of the components and assemblies for a lowrise steel frame structure. Current implementation efforts are focusing on the capability to view connections in various ways including the ability to "explode" a connection to better understand the sequence of construction and load paths. Appropriate codes, limit states of failure and specific data will be linked to each specific component in an expert system shell so that the system can offer feedback about a student generated connection and perhaps offer other possible connections a library of standard connections. Future expansion of the system will include adding other "systems" of a building, such as mechanical, electrical, plumbing, enclosure etc., to help students visualize the integration of the various parts.
series ACADIA
email HARFMAAC@UCMAIL.UC.EDU
last changed 2003/05/16 17:23

_id 04aa
authors Harfmann, Anton C. and Chen, Stuart S.
year 1990
title Building Representation within a Component Based Paradigm
source From Research to Practice [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Big Sky (Montana - USA) 4-6 October 1990, pp. 117-127
summary This paper questions the use of a 2-dimensional medium to convey 3-dimensional information about design intent and proposes a computer-aided paradigm that could radically alter the way in which buildings are designed and built. The paradigm is centered about the accurate and rational representation (Rush, 86) of each individual component that makes up a building in a single, shared, computer based model. The single model approach couples the accurate physical representation of components with the accurate representation of technical information and knowledge about the assemblies of building components. It is anticipated that implementation of this approach will result in fewer communication problems that currently plague the fragmented process of practicing in the professions of architecture and engineering. The paper introduces the basic concepts within the paradigm and focuses on the development of intuitive, reasoning about the component-based design suitable for incorporation in a computer-aided setting.
series ACADIA
email HARFMAAC@UCMAIL.UC.EDU
last changed 2003/05/16 17:23

_id a2b9
authors Helsel, S.K. and Roth, J.P.
year 1990
title Virtual Reality, theory, practice and promise
source Meckler, London
summary On the creation of highly interactive, computer-based multimedia environments in which the user becomes a participant with the computer in a "virtually real" world. Essentially, the volume is a republication of articles published in the summer 1990 issue of Multimedia review, plus an additional previously unpublished article on metaphysics, a directory of companies and individuals working with virtual reality concepts and technology, and a suggested readings list.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id c5bb
authors Hirschberg, U., Meister, M. and Neumann, F.
year 1993
title Processing of Geographic Data for CAAD-supported Analysis and Design of Urban Development Areas
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary The interdisciplinary research project aims at the development of a hard- and software environment to support the representation, analysis, manipulation and design of urban development areas for architects and city planners. It was started in 1990 and involves three groups at the ETH Zurich: Architecture/Urban design - Processing of Geographic Data/Photogrammetry -Computer Sciences/CAAD. The first part of this paper will give an introduction to the goals and implications of the project by comparing it with a similar project one of the authors took part in as a student. Then the paper gives a brief description of the work of the three groups involved, an overview of the methods they employed and the results that were achieved. The main focus will be on the work of the CAAD group . Finally some conclusions are drawn and problems are discussed. The future work includes the testing of the tool by students during the winter term 1993/94.

series eCAADe
email hirschberg@tugraz.at
last changed 2003/05/16 19:27

_id 1955
authors Hoffmann, C.M. and Vanecek, G.
year 1990
title Fundamental techniques for geometric and solid modeling
source Manufacturing and Automation Systems: Techniques and Technologies, no. 48, pp. 347-356
summary nD skeletons as the discontinuities of the graph of the distance map in (n+1)D space. Cyclographic map of Descriptive Geometry (generates the ruled & developable surface); its discontinuities form the skeleton. Relation with the Hamilton-Jacobi equation. The shocks of this PDE correspond to the skeleton.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:22

_id 812b
authors Hornyanszky-Dalholm, Elisabeth (Ed.)
year 1991
title Full-scale modelling – Applications and Development of the Method
source Proceedings of the 3rd European Full-Scale Modelling Conference / ISBN 91-7740044-5 / Lund (Sweden) 13-16 September 1990, 107 p.
keywords Full-scale Modeling, Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
email Elisabeth.Hornyanszky-Dalholm@byggfunk.lth.se
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/efa
last changed 2003/08/25 08:12

_id dfec
authors Hornyanszky-Dalholm, Elisabeth and Rydberg-Mitchell, Birgitta
year 1991
title THE FULL-SCALE METHOD AS A TOOL FOR PARTICIPATION
source Proceedings of the 3rd European Full-Scale Modelling Conference / ISBN 91-7740044-5 / Lund (Sweden) 13-16 September 1990, pp. 23-30
summary In Lund the full-scale laboratory is mainly used as a tool for citizen or user participation. Our intention is to develop the full-scale method further for this purpose. For several years now, we have carried through projects together with different users - mainly people from various types of working-places but recently also with dwellers. Most of our work has been financed by our clients, i.e. private enterprises, trade unions, county councils or municipalities, but since this summer we also receive support from the Swedish Council for Building Research. We have worked with many types of environments and their specific problems, but thanks to the research money we will now have an opportunity to develop our method in a more conscious manner. The purpose of our research is to increase the awareness of the different mechanisms involved in the participant/user process. We want to improve and refine our method and evaluate its advantages and disadvantages compared to other media for spatial communication. In our research program we will now present some criteria that have developed from our previous experiences and which we find essential to our future work.
keywords Full-scale Modeling, Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
type normal paper
email Elisabeth.Hornyanszky-Dalholm@byggfunk.lth.se
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/efa
last changed 2004/05/04 13:16

_id 8e10
authors Hosny, Samir S., Sanvido, Victor E. and Kalisperis, Loukas N.
year 1990
title A Framework for an Integrated Computer-Aided Architectural Design Decision Support System
source Pennsylvania State University, January, 1990. 33 p. : ill. includes bibliography
summary This paper presents the 'ICAAD.DSS' conceptual model, which provides a framework for an integrated computer-aided architectural design (CAAD) decision support system. The model is based on a unified approach to computing in architecture which in turn is based on a holistic view of the architectural design process. The proposed model shifts the focus from product to process, and views the design problem as a goal-oriented, problem solving activity that allows a design team to identify strategies and methodologies in the search for design solutions. This paper introduces a new environment for the use and integration of computers in the architectural design process
keywords CAD, integration, design methods, architecture, design process, decision making, problem solving
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id 05d7
authors Hubka, V. and Eder, W.E.
year 1990
title Design Knowledge: Theory in Support of Practice
source Journal of Engineering Design. 1990. vol.1: pp. 97-108 : ill. includes bibliography
summary This paper discusses various aspects of the study of Specific Design Knowledge (SDK), which is includes knowledge of the specialist's domain or branch. The character, types, forms and ways of obtaining the available SDK are discussed
keywords design, knowledge, expert systems, knowledge acquisition, engineering
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 01ba
authors Hyde, Richard and Boon Lay, Ong
year 1990
title Design Problems and Evaluative Strategies Using CAAD
source February, 1990. 16 p. : col. ill. includes bibliography
summary The way architects design comes into sharp focus when developing strategies for evaluating buildings. Architectural design is a highly subjective activity on the one hand but on the other it is also highly objective. The paper examines the use of CAAD systems for objective evaluation while also recognizing that this kind of evaluation has to be related to the subjective aspects of the design. In order to examine this, further research has been carried out into the use of CAAD systems to evaluate sunshading characteristics in a building design problem. The approach utilized the Integraph AMOD software to generate three dimensional models of the design proposal which were then tested using the Integraph Model View software which has a sunshading facility. The utility of this approach was tested first against criteria of how accurate the computer was in giving meaningful feedback to the designer. Secondly, how productive this approach was in the design process as compared to traditional techniques using instruments such as the heliodon. Finally, a discussion of the developments of the approach is given
keywords design, CAD, evaluation, computer graphics, applications
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id 4b09
authors Iwata, Hiroo
year 1990
title Artificial Reality with Force-Feedback : Development of Desktop Virtual Space with Compact Master Manipulator
source Computer Graphics. August, 1990. vol. 24: pp. 165-170 : ill. includes bibliography
summary A new configuration of human interface for 'artificial reality' is discussed. The paper describes a method of implementing force-feedback in a virtual space manipulation system. The system is composed of two subsystems, a real time graphic display system and a tactile input device with reaction force generator. A specialized graphic computer (Stardent TITAN) provides a real time image of the virtual space. A 9 degree-of-freedom manipulator applies reaction forces to the fingers and palm of the operator. The generated forces are calculated from a solid model of the virtual space. The performance of the system is exemplified in manipulation of virtual solids objects such as a mockup for industrial design and a 3D animated character
keywords user interface, virtual reality, computer graphics
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id 39e0
id 39e0
authors Jablonski, Allen D.
year 1991
title Integrated Component-based Computer Design Modeling System: The Implications of Control Parameters on the Design Process
source New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ Graduate Thesis - Master's Program College of Architecture
summary The design process is dependent on a clear order of integrating and managing all of the control parameters that impact on a building's design. All component elements of a building must be defined by their: Physical and functional relations; Quantitative and calculable properties; Component and/or system functions. This requires a means of representation to depict a model of a building that can be viewed and interpreted by a variety of interested parties. These parties need different types of representation to address their individual control parameters, as each component instance has specific implications on all of the control parameters.

Representations are prepared for periodic design review either manually through hand-drawn graphics and handcrafted models; or with the aid of computer aided design programs. Computer programs can profoundly increase the speed and accuracy of the process', as well as provide a level of integration, graphic representation and simulation, untenable through a manual process.

By maintaining a single control model in an Integrated Component-based Computer Design Modeling System (ICCDMS), interested parties could access the design model at any point during the process. Each party could either: 1. Analyze individual components, or constraints of the model, for interferences against parameters within that party's control; or 2. Explore design alternatives to modify the model, and verify the integration of the components or functions, within the design model, as allowable in relation to other control parameters.

keywords Architectural Design; Data Processing
series thesis:MSc
type extended abstract
email allenjabo@comcast.net
more http://www.library.njit.edu/etd/1990s/1990/njit-etd1990-005/njit-etd1990-005.html
last changed 2006/09/25 07:04

_id c3f1
authors Jackson, Daniel M.
year 1990
title Electronic Telecommunications and the Emergence ofGlobal Architecture
source School of Architecture and Planning, State University of New York at Buffalo
summary The act of communicating is an organizational behavior which can be learned and modified to create the most efficient environment for the exchange of information. A state of effective communication relies not only upon its methods but also upon its underlying state of organization. In utilizing the computer to decrease the obstruction of time and distance, the profession can accelerate and become more efficient in communicating on the three most basic levels of information and thought transfer: (1) between the architect and the client; (2) between the architect and the design team (whether they are within the same office or are distant consultants); and (3) between the constantly growing and universally accessible sources of both specific and general knowledge and data bases. The use of the computer as a tool for instantaneous access to knowledge pools, clients and other professionals poses several questions which should be of great concern within the architectural community which has become compartmentalized. This paper explores how the computer can aid the architect in communication amongst peers, with the client, and eventually, with the builder and user. Furthermore, this paper proposes a 'global network' or 'global office' as an extension of current practice wherein the architect's entire scope of design knowledge is broadened.

[Citation from CADLine]

keywords Architecture; Communication; Information; Practice
series thesis:MSc
last changed 2002/12/14 18:17

_id 220c
authors Jain, Sanjay, Barber, Karon and Osterfeld, David
year 1990
title Expert Simulation for On-Line Scheduling
source Communications of the ACM. Association for Computing Machinery, October, 1990. vol. 33: pp. 54-60. includes bibliography
summary The application described in this article utilizes advanced concepts in AI and simulation modeling, together with the latest in computer hardware and graphics for effective real- time control of the plant floor
keywords expert systems, industry, automation, scheduling, simulation, production
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id acadia06_496
id acadia06_496
authors Jemtrud, Michael
year 2006
title Eucalyptus: User Controlled Lightpath Enabled Participatory Design Studio
source Synthetic Landscapes [Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Design in Architecture] pp. 496-509
summary A new notion of participation is at stake with advances in technologically mediated work environments. The digitally mediated e-design studio has been around since the mid-1990’s and has been employed in various forms in disciplines including architecture/engineering/construction (AEC), industrial design, and the automotive industry. Insufficient bandwidth and insufficiently powerful, crudely coordinated tools resulted in distributed task-based modes of collaboration that did not allow full participation by members of the distributed design team. At the very least, the present “second generation” network severely limits the applications, tools, and modes of communication that can be used in data and visualization intense design scenarios. The emergence of Service Oriented Architectures and User-Controlled LightPaths (“intelligent infrastructure”) herald the beginning of a new age where fully participatory multi-site design may become possible. The networks, visualization & communication tools, Service Oriented Architecture & Web Services, work protocols, and physical site designs of the Participatory Design Studio (PDS) being developed by the authors will constitute one of the first working examples of this future. This paper will briefly outline the “mise en scène” or staging of the technical configuration of the Eucalyptus project; observations and results from the creative activity of the PDS in the context of two case studies; and speculate on the implications for design activity, pedagogy, and a more robust mode of participation.
series ACADIA
email mjemtrud@connect.carleton.ca
last changed 2006/09/22 06:22

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