CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 201 to 214 of 214

_id 0d59
authors Vaupel, Jesper
year 1991
title Reference Architecture for Computer Integration in Denmark
source The Computer Integrated Future, CIB W78 Seminar. September, 1991. Unnumbered : ill
summary This paper gives an overview of the principles and the existing integration framework for a new set of projects in Denmark, intended to develop a common reference architecture for the integration of design, construction, distribution and use of building products. The budget for these projects is 6 million dkr. The new projects are based upon existing reference architectures from previous projects - called 'DIGIDOK' (Digital building documents) and 'EITI' (Contractors Association IT-initiative) - which over the past 4 years have provided a set of generic application models, data models and EDIFACT specifications. The total budget was around 15 million dkr. New projects serve as a coordinating link and part of a greater IT-initiative 'data interchange in the construction sector' comprising 15-20 subprojects with a budget or around 30 million dkr
keywords integration, systems, standards, research, building, construction
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:09

_id c900
authors Wake, Warren K. and McCullough, Malcolm
year 1991
title Architectural Tours through Texture Space
source Reality and Virtual Reality [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-00-4] Los Angeles (California - USA) October 1991, pp. 53-62
summary One challenge to the computer-aided designer is to portray physical realities using only visual, logical, or numerical representations. Recently there has been a lot of speculation about meeting this challenge with a new dimension of tools which couples physical interaction to animated output: cyberspace. However, so long as certain inherent limitations remain in the physical part of cyberspace prototypes, there is more to be gained in improving our graphics independently. One aspect of graphics for portraying physicality which we can address right now is texture.
series ACADIA
email mmmc@umich.edu
last changed 2003/05/16 17:23

_id e8ec
authors Weber, Benz
year 1991
title LEARNING FROM THE FULL-SCALE LABORATORY
source Proceedings of the 3rd European Full-Scale Modelling Conference / ISBN 91-7740044-5 / Lund (Sweden) 13-16 September 1990, pp. 12-19
summary The team from the LEA at Lausanne was not actually involved in the construction of the laboratory itself. During the past five years we have been discovering the qualities and limitations of the lab step by step through the experiments we performed. The method in which we use it is quite different from that of its creators. Since 1985 the external services has been limited to clients coming to the laboratory alone. We help them only with basic instructions for the use of the equipment. Most of these experiments are motivated by the excellent possibilities to discuss the design of a new hospital or home for elderly with the people directly affected by it, such as patients, nurses, doctors and specialists for the technical equipment. The main issues discussed in these meetings are of the dimensions and functional organisation of the spaces. The entire process for a normal room including construction, discussions and dismantling of the full-scale model is between three and five days. Today these types of experiments are occupying the lab only about twenty days a year.
keywords Full-scale Modeling, Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
type normal paper
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/efa
last changed 2004/05/04 13:23

_id 2344
authors White, Richard
year 1991
title Recognizing Structures: Some Problems in Reasoning with Drawings
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures: Education, Research, Applications [CAAD Futures ‘91 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 3-528-08821-4] Zürich (Switzerland), July 1991, pp. 381-394
summary This paper describes work on our current project aimed at developing a generalized system for performing automated reasoning tasks in various domains, using information extracted from drawings. It briefly describes the MOLE representation system, a frame-like formalism which can be used to build both description and inheritance hierarchies. The use of MOLE for representing graphical objects as well as the objects they represent is also described.The paper goes on to discuss some of the problems faced in the development of systems which can perform reasoning tasks on such representations. In particular, problems arising from the need to map the structures required by the application domain to the drawing description are outlined and a model which adapts existing Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques to solve these problems is proposed.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 1999/04/07 10:03

_id e924
authors Willems, P.H., Kuiper, P. and Luiten, G.T. (et al)
year 1991
title A Framework for Evolutionary Information Model Development
source The Computer Integrated Future, CIB W78 Seminar. September, 1991. Unnumbered :ill. includes bibliography
summary Large scale information modelling projects, like the development of ISO/STEP, require a modelling approach that does not develop a new model from scratch, but rather base it on a more generic model which, in turn, is based on an even more abstract model, etc. The resulting structure shows a layered framework. On top of which can be found the most generic concepts and downward the more specific concepts with increased semantics. The benefits of such a model development approach are improvements in: version management, object orientated modelling, concurrent model development, controlled change, standardized interfaces, conformance testing etc. This paper describes an environment which supports the development of a new model out of one or more generic parent models. The generation process consists of two steps. In the first step entities of the parent models can be instanciated while constraining the inherited behavior and introducing new behavior. In fact this process is identical with instanciating run time objects from class templates in the object oriented paradigm. However, in the authors' development environment an important (inherited) property of each entity is self-reproduction. In the second step, therefore, each instance is forced to represent its run time state into some kind of information modelling language specification. Appropriate measures are taken to guarantee that the resulting model will conform the behavior of its parent model(s). The paper demonstrates this approach in a multi-layered example currently being implemented and explores several implementation issues
keywords product modeling, standards, integration, abstraction, OOPS
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id e104
authors Woodbury, Robert F.
year 1991
title Realities of Design
source Reality and Virtual Reality [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-00-4] Los Angeles (California - USA) October 1991, pp. 177-192
summary In an article published in 1965, the Bauhaus teacher and designer, Johannes Itten, wrote: “The creation of a work of art often requires that the creative potential has at its disposition a multitude of possibilities to arrive at the simplest and clearest formulation.” The possibilities that Itten refers to are the inner creative resources of the artist. In order to train these resources Itten's students worked on exercises to practice the links between perceiving, imagination and artistic media. Itten found the source of possibilities inside the artist; in recent years we have learned something about expressing possibilities externally.
series ACADIA
email rob_woodbury@sfu.ca
last changed 2003/05/16 17:23

_id ae74
authors Zamanian, Kiumarse and Fenves, Steven J.
year 1991
title A Framework for Modeling and Communicating Abstractions of Constructed Facilities
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures: Education, Research, Applications [CAAD Futures ‘91 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 3-528-08821-4] Zürich (Switzerland), July 1991, pp. 245-260
summary Management of information about constructed facilities in a computer-integrated environment is a challenging task because this information evolves from, and is viewed by many different disciplines throughout the facility's lifecycle. We present a general framework for modeling and reasoning about the components of a constructed facility at any desired level of abstraction, and communicating the information across disciplines at any stage in the lifecycle of the facility, as well as across stages. Our research has been motivated by an objective similar to that of STEP, which intends to establish an international protocol for the exchange of CAD data. The descriptive information about a facility is divided into two separate but linked groups: spatial and non-spatial attributes. The primary emphasis of this research is to provide a single, uniform representation and reasoning paradigm for dealing with the various spatial abstractions of the facility components regardless of their geometric dimensionalities.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 1999/11/23 18:42

_id c93d
authors Zreik, Khaldoun
year 1991
title What Could Artificial Intelligence Know about the Knowledge Involved in the Design Process?
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures: Education, Research, Applications [CAAD Futures ‘91 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 3-528-08821-4] Zürich (Switzerland), July 1991, pp. 395-410
summary The nature of the knowledge involved in the design process is very specific and it is incompletely known. Its control becomes very complicated owing to the large number of dynamic parameters and functions which define the relationships between one another. So we consider two relevant facts: 1.) all knowledge involved in the design process could not have been foreseen; 2.) the help of computer technology in this domain is badly oriented. Two major questions will be posed here: a. what kind of design knowledge do designers explicitly master? b. and which parts of it can computer technology represent today? // This paper aims to build a simple panorama of the knowledge involved in the architectural design process. Actors, resources and corresponding classifications of this knowledge and also its dynamic distribution will be presented. This paper also throws light upon how important are artificial intelligence sciences and tools for the improvement of the design process computability.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 1999/04/07 10:03

_id 2c12
authors De Vries, Bauke
year 1991
title The Minimal Approach
source Computer Integrated Future, CIB W78 Seminar. September, 1991
summary Unnumbered. A distinction is made between data-exchange within a system and between systems. For the latter a datamodel is defined with a clear limited domain called: the minimal model. Moreover a procedure is shown for exchanging data using the minimal model
keywords communication, standards, modeling, construction
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:08

_id 0e6a
authors Orr, Joel N.
year 1991
title CAD Futures...What is Coming and Who will Survive it?
source MCN. April, 1991. vol. 6: pp. 42-44
summary According to the author not the best product wins but the one that is marketed well. Who will survive? The author discusses products that are likely to stay and why
keywords business, CAD
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id eae1
authors Mitchell, William J.
year 1991
title Functional Grammars: An Introduction
source Reality and Virtual Reality [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-00-4] Los Angeles (California - USA) October 1991, pp. 167-176
summary A practical design must be realizable using available materials and fabrication processes, and it must meet specified functional requirements; these are necessary (though not always sufficient) conditions for solution of a design problem. It is possible to write shape grammars that produce designs which satisfy these two conditions.
series ACADIA
email wjm@MIT.EDU
last changed 2003/05/16 17:23

_id 1c06
authors Richens, P.
year 1991
title Hazards of Computing
source CICE ’91 Conference Programme. RIBA, London
series other
email paul.richens@arct.cam.ac.uk
more http://www.arct.cam.ac.uk/research/pubs/
last changed 2000/03/05 18:05

_id 5153
authors Ryu, J.
year 1991
title Knowledge-based Approach to Computer Aided Urban Design
source University of Sheffield, School of Architectural Studies
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id 9006
authors Tham, K.W. (Kwok Wai)
year 1991
title A Model of Routine Design Using Design Prototypes
source University of Sydney, Department of Architectural and Design Science
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

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