CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

PDF papers
References

Hits 61 to 69 of 69

_id ddssar9628
id ddssar9628
authors Shabha, G. and Orr, K.
year 1996
title The Impacts of Facilities Management Techniques on the Operational Efficiency of School Buildings- An Assessment of Grant Maintained Schools
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Third Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning - Part one: Architecture Proceedings (Spa, Belgium), August 18-21, 1996
summary This paper attempts to examine the main benefits and pitfalls of FM as applied to Grant Maintained Schools (UMS) by assessing its implications on selected school buildings. It seeks to address a number of questions regarding the desirability of this method as applied to GMS. On what assumption has GMS model been based? To what extent has this model affected their operational efficiency? What are the financial implications? What are the future prospects? The main findings are that FM has provided new opportunities in the educational sector. Despite the economical uncertainty, it is highly likely that local control will remain. Giving the state of disrepair of many system-built schools of the 50's and the 60's, there are many opportunities for the FM to be exploited including condition survey, refurbishment of external envelope of the building, preventative maintenance, space utilisation and consultancy on meeting the EU health and safety legislation.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id avocaad_2001_19
id avocaad_2001_19
authors Shen-Kai Tang, Yu-Tung Liu, Yu-Sheng Chung, Chi-Seng Chung
year 2001
title The visual harmony between new and old materials in the restoration of historical architecture: A study of computer simulation
source AVOCAAD - ADDED VALUE OF COMPUTER AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN, Nys Koenraad, Provoost Tom, Verbeke Johan, Verleye Johan (Eds.), (2001) Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst - Departement Architectuur Sint-Lucas, Campus Brussel, ISBN 80-76101-05-1
summary In the research of historical architecture restoration, scholars respectively focus on the field of architectural context and architectural archeology (Shi, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995; Fu, 1995, 1997; Chiu, 2000) or on architecture construction and the procedure of restoration (Shi, 1988, 1989; Chiu, 1990). How to choose materials and cope with their durability becomes an important issue in the restoration of historical architecture (Dasser, 1990; Wang, 1998).In the related research of the usage and durability of materials, some scholars deem that, instead of continuing the traditional ways that last for hundreds of years (that is to replace new materials with old ones), it might be better to keep the original materials (Dasser, 1990). However, unavoidably, some of the originals are much worn. Thus we have to first establish the standard of eliminating components, and secondly to replace identical or similar materials with the old components (Lee, 1990). After accomplishing the restoration, we often unexpectedly find out that the renewed historical building is too new that the sense of history is eliminated (Dasser, 1990; Fu, 1997). Actually this is the important factor that determines the accomplishment of restoration. In the past, some scholars find out that the contrast and conflict between new and old materials are contributed to the different time of manufacture and different coating, such as antiseptic, pattern, etc., which result in the discrepancy of the sense of visual perception (Lee, 1990; Fu, 1997; Dasser, 1990).In recent years, a number of researches and practice of computer technology have been done in the field of architectural design. We are able to proceed design communication more exactly by the application of some systematic softwares, such as image processing, computer graphic, computer modeling/rendering, animation, multimedia, virtual reality and so on (Lawson, 1995; Liu, 1996). The application of computer technology to the research of the preservation of historical architecture is comparatively late. Continually some researchers explore the procedure of restoration by computer simulation technology (Potier, 2000), or establish digital database of the investigation of historical architecture (Sasada, 2000; Wang, 1998). How to choose materials by the technology of computer simulation influences the sense of visual perception. Liu (2000) has a more complete result on visual impact analysis and assessment (VIAA) about the research of urban design projection. The main subjects of this research paper focuses on whether the technology of computer simulation can extenuate the conflict between new and old materials that imposed on visual perception.The objective of this paper is to propose a standard method of visual harmony effects for materials in historical architecture (taking the Gigi Train Station destroyed by the earthquake in last September as the operating example).There are five steps in this research: 1.Categorize the materials of historical architecture and establish the information in digital database. 2.Get new materials of historical architecture and establish the information in digital database. 3.According to the mixing amount of new and old materials, determinate their proportion of the building; mixing new and old materials in a certain way. 4.Assign the mixed materials to the computer model and proceed the simulation of lighting. 5.Make experts and the citizens to evaluate the accomplished computer model in order to propose the expected standard method.According to the experiment mentioned above, we first address a procedure of material simulation of the historical architecture restoration and then offer some suggestions of how to mix new and old materials.By this procedure of simulation, we offer a better view to control the restoration of historical architecture. And, the discrepancy and discordance by new and old materials can be released. Moreover, we thus avoid to reconstructing ˇ§too newˇ¨ historical architecture.
series AVOCAAD
email tsk.aa88g@nctu.edu.tw
last changed 2005/09/09 08:48

_id ddssar9630
id ddssar9630
authors Stark, S.L. and Phillips, R.G.
year 1996
title Occupational Performance Theory as a Support to Design of the Built Environment for Persons with Disabilities
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Third Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning - Part one: Architecture Proceedings (Spa, Belgium), August 18-21, 1996
summary Architectural practice should not be considered only a method of building buildings, but also a process of creating places for those who will use them. The interdependent nature of humans and the environment has provided architects and designers with a challenge; to build not only a space, but also a place in which human performance occurs. Environment -- behavior relations are complex and transactional. An understanding of this relationship facilitates the creation of environments that improve the quality of life for the buildings users. A strong understanding of the complexities of the environment is greatly enhanced by knowledge of the performance of the person. Knowledge of the person as a unique being who assumes different roles, possesses skills, and has attributes (abilities) allows the designer a greater respect of the dynamic experience of a person engaged in activity within an environment. The theory of occupational performance supports the understanding of the person and the persons daily tasks. These models describe human performance components and human performance areas. They also acknowledge that the person is engaged in activity within an environment. These models could prove to be invaluable to designers and architects interested in using knowledge of the persons in conjunction with knowledge of the environment to create spaces for people with disabilities.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id 0b2e
authors Stouffs, R., Krishnamurti, R. and Eastman, C.
year 1996
title A Formal Structure for Nonequivalent Solid Representations
source Proceedings of IFIP WG 5.2: Workshop on Knowledge Intensive CAD II, (eds.) S. Finger, M. M‰ntyl‰, and T. Tomiyama. International Federation for Information Processing
summary This work is based on the recognition that there will always be a need for different representations of the same entity, albeit a building or building part, a shape or other complex attribute. Different representations support different sets of operations with varying efficiencies. Given our expectation that such multiple representations will always exist, there is a need, formally, to define the relations between alternative representations, in order to support translation and identify where exact translation is or is not possible, and to define the coverage of different representations. A method for the analysis of representations is developed, which is applied to four different solid modeling representations.
series other
email R.Stouffs@bk.tudelft.nl
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id 2819
authors Streich, Bernd
year 1996
title Computer Aided Architectural Composition by Media Experiment Design Work
source Approaches to Computer Aided Architectural Composition [ISBN 83-905377-1-0] 1996, pp. 185-201
summary There are many ways to realize computer aided compositions in architecture. In the past, many of the design methods could be characterized as Cartesian design methods, e.g. Christopher Alexander's well- known hierarchical design method presented in the early sixties. Recently, methods of artificial intelligence increased flexibility in searching for design solutions, but all these methods were still restricted by the program's logic itself. What is lacking is a means of realizing artistic possibilities intended by the designer. In view of this situation, a new approach called "media experimental design work" seems to meet designer's need. This paper begins by looking in general at experimental work in architectural design. Discussion of the theoretical background is then followed by some examples of media experimental design work, one of the current research topics in computer aided architectural design at the University of Kaiserslautern. The idea of this approach is to explore design solutions by experimental use of certain media which can evoke design associations and possibly stimulate the designer's inspirations. The use of sophisticated techniques together with the possibility of extensive manipulations can help to find outstanding design solutions. In view of their imaginative and creative power, digital media have a greater stimulating potential than traditional media in experimental design work.
series other
last changed 1999/04/08 15:16

_id 4e69
authors Ullman, Jerzy M.
year 1996
title Iteration Design: Technology of Reductive Strategy
source Approaches to Computer Aided Architectural Composition [ISBN 83-905377-1-0] 1996, pp. 215-223
summary In the technical designing are discerned two general strategies, deductive and reductive ones. The reductive strategy is in particular suitable for an architectural designing.These strategies were used in a form of sequential-cyclic design method, which is characterized by too much of a time loss. The CAD enables to use the reductive strategy (which is adequate to architecture) in the form of iteration design method. This method places the designer and the occupant as the independent partners in the iteration game; this is fast and economical method.
series other
last changed 1999/04/08 15:16

_id ddssar9636
id ddssar9636
authors Will, B.F., Wong, W.C.H. and Chu, C.H.
year 1996
title A Case Study of Hypermedia Applications in the Building Industry: Curtain Wall Design, Fabrication and Erection
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Third Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning - Part one: Architecture Proceedings (Spa, Belgium), August 18-21, 1996
summary This paper is based on the development of a Hypermedia Information Delivery System called ArchiSpace, by the Department of Architecture, The University of Hong Kong to produce a comprehensive knowledge of a Curtain Wall system. A set of construction drawings of the building were analysed and converted to the 3D hypermedia system format. The focus of this study is the use of the hyper-model environment in information organization and once the 3D hypermedia system is formed the information on the curtain wall system is accessed by the use of hyper-text environments hyper-image environments, and hyper-model environments. The paper analysed that the hyper-model access method seems to be more appropriate than the hyper-text and hyper-image access methods for users who do not have any knowledge pre-requisites. The results obtained by this research are being applied to improve the user friendliness for information access within a hyper-model environment.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id 2b76
authors Winkenbach, G. and Salesin, D.H.
year 1996
title Rendering free-form surfaces in pen and ink
source Computer Graphics Proceedings, Annual Conference Series 1996. ACM SIGGRAPH, pp. 469-476.
summary This paper presents new algorithms and techniques for rendering parametric free-form surfaces in pen and ink. In particular, we introduce the idea of "controlled-density hatching" for conveying tone, texture, and shape. The fine control over tone this method provides allows the use of traditional texture mapping techniques for specifying the tone of pen-and-ink illustrations.We also show how a planar map, a data structure central to our rendering algorithm, can be constructed from parametric surfaces, and used for clipping strokes and generating outlines. Finally, we show how curved shadows can be cast onto curved objects for this style of illustration.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id ecaade03_111_25_wittkopf
id ecaade03_111_25_wittkopf
authors Wittkopf, Stephen K. and Hee, Harold
year 2003
title DESIGN BY GRADING? ELECTRONIC BUILDABILITY DESIGN APPRAISAL SCORE (eBDAS) AS A MAJOR DESIGN CONSIDERATION IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN IN SINGAPORE
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 111-116
summary Singapore is possibly the first country in Asia to implement a nation-wide electronic system for the evaluation and approval of building plans called ELECTRONIC BUILDABILITY DESIGN APPRAISAL SCORE (eBDAS). The system is a systematic and comprehensive method of computing a building design’s buildability efficiency through a scoring methodology. Using this methodology, the building authorities make the decision as to whether a building is approved for construction. Poh and Chen (1996) have found that a design with a higher buildable score results in more efficient labour usage in construction and therefore higher site labour productivity. However, the relationship between construction costs and buildable score was found less distinct. This paper discusses the existing implications of eBDAS on the architectural profession and potential implications on educational institutes.
keywords Buildability; Standardization; Design Assessment; Design Education
series eCAADe
email akiskw@nus.edu.sg
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

For more results click below:

show page 0show page 1show page 2this is page 3HOMELOGIN (you are user _anon_916933 from group guest) CUMINCAD Papers Powered by SciX Open Publishing Services 1.002