CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures
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In Sweden representatives from the construction and building management
industry have put forward a research and development program called: "IT-Bygg#2
2002 - Implementation". It aims at making IT the vehicle for decreasing the building
costs and at the same time getting better quality and efficiency out of the industry.
The presented strategy is based on a seminar with some of the most experienced
researchers, developers and practitioners of CAD in Sweden. The activities were
recorded and annotated, analyzed and put together afterwards.
The proposal in brief is that object oriented distributed CAD is to be used in the long
perspective. It will need to be based on international standards such as STEP and it
will take at least another 5 years to get established.
Meanwhile something temporary has to be used. Pragmatically a "de facto
standard" on formats has to be accepted and implemented. To support new users of
IT all software in use in the country will be analyzed, described and published for a
national platform for IT-communication within the construction industry.
Finally the question is discussed "How can architect schools then contribute to IT
being implemented within the housing sector at a regional or national level?" Some
ideas are presented: Creating the good example, better support for the customer,
sharing the holistic concept of the project with all actors, taking part in an integrated
education process and international collaboration like AVOCAAD and ECAADE.
Cyberspace is an electronic extension of this cognitive space. Designers of virtual environments already
know the power these spaces have on the imagination. Computers are no longer just tools for projecting
buildings. They change the very substance of design. Cyberspace is itself a subject for design. With
computers architects can design space both for physical and non-physical media. A conscious integration of
cognitive and physical space in architecture can affect construction and maintenance costs, and the impact
on natural and urban environments.
This paper is about the convergence of physical and electronic space and its potential effects on
architecture. The first part of the paper will define cognitive space and its relationship to cyberspace. The
second part will relate cyberspace to the production of architecture. Finally, a recent project done at the
University of Michigan Graduate School of Architecture will illustrate the integration of physical and
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