CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 301 to 306 of 306

_id 6537
authors Wang, W. and Gero, J.S.
year 1997
title Sequence-based prediction in the conceptual design of bridges
source ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering 11(1): 37-43
summary This paper explores the application of a machine learning technique in knowledge support systems in civil engineering design. It presents a sequence-based prediction method for engineering design and demonstrates its utility in the conceptual design of bridges. The basic idea of sequence-based prediction is that the most recent numbers of similar design cases are used in predicting the characteristics of the next design and more recent cases are given stronger influence on decision making in the new design situation than older ones. This paper develops a model of sequence-based prediction and carries out a number of experiments using it. It is then applide to a set of standard data and the results of using a sequence-based prediction method are compared with other methods. The empirical results show the potential applications of the method in engineering design.
keywords Machine Learning, Time
series journal paper
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/05/15 19:45

_id a732
authors Wenz, Florian
year 1997
title Babylon S M L XL - The Missing Language of Cyberspace
source CAAD Futures 1997 [Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-7923-4726-9] München (Germany), 4-6 August 1997, pp. 749-756
summary We first discuss the future role of the CITY as a main generator of cultural fiction and suggest a superimposition of the PHYSICAL city and the DIGITAL city. We then draw parallels between the original intentions behind the World Wide Web and Hyper Text Markup Language and its expected follow up CYBERSPACE and Virtual Reality Markup Language. The development of three-dimensional SEMANTIC CODES for interactive environments is identified as one main task of the future. Within this framework, Babylon S M L XL, a series of research experiments conducted at the Architectural Space Laboratory at the professorship is investigating concepts and methods. The images display some scenes from this work in chronological order, while the captions provide content descriptions and META CODE abstractions.
series CAAD Futures
email wenz@ethz.ch
more http://caad.arch.ethz.ch/~wenz/babylon
last changed 1999/04/06 07:19

_id 982c
id 982c
authors Woo, S., Fukuda, T., Kusama, H., Sasada, T.
year 1997
title VRML Use in Bridge Environmental Design
source Journal of Civil Engineering Information Processing Systems, vol.6, pp.255-262
summary The URL (Uniformed Resource Locator) and HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language)are able to make usage of resources on WWW. The development of VRML which is capable of simulating 3 dimensional space leads to the networked collaboration in civil and architectural fields in the distributed environment. In this paper, the seamless system environment which is developed on WWW in the base of the bridge database established by using VRML is reported. The applicability of the design system is made clear through a case study of the bridge environmental design.
keywords WWW, VRML, CGI, Virtual Space
series journal paper
type normal paper
email fukuda@env.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp
last changed 2006/08/24 05:32

_id 2a63
authors Wrona, S., Miller, D. and Klos, J.
year 1997
title The Systematization of Information in the Computer Aided Architectural Design
source Challenges of the Future [15th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-3-0] Vienna (Austria) 17-20 September 1997
summary Since the CAD methods were invented, the systematization of information in CAD has been strongly connected to the computerization of architect’s workshop. Nowadays, in 90., this systematization has to the great extent negative consequences. A designer understands the systematization of information through abilities and disabilities of the one, particular graphical aided documentation development system, which he deploys himself. The traditional method of design is clearly opposed to the computerized method. Data bases are seen by architects as a set of information describing particular and unique architectural project and some selected aspects correlated with narrow specialization of designer. Collaboration between participants of design process is still very challenging due to the usage of different tools and different systematization of information. It is necessary to define modern part of information in architectural design. The systematization of information should be a foundation for development of computer systems and not contrary, in this way it will be possible to overcome opposition between traditional and computerized techniques. Architect’s workshop, from the point of view of the informational structure of ongoing information exchange processes, should in greater part relay on the experience of structural analysis used for development of information systems in business. Effective utilization of computer methods requires the extension of collaboration between all the participants of design process, search for active access to distributed data bases (i.e. Internet) and increase of methodological consciousness (the ability to form own design strategies, methods and structures) indispensable for development of modern CAD systems which wouldn’t be limited to a computer graphics.
keywords CAAD, Collaboration, Databases, Information, Systematization, Workshop
series eCAADe
email wrona@arch.pw.edu.pl
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/ecaade/proc/wrona/wrona.htm
last changed 2001/08/17 13:11

_id 497b
authors Xilin, L. and Simmonds, S.H.
year 1997
title KBES for evaluating R.C. framed buildings using fuzzy sets
source Automation in Construction 6 (2) (1997) pp. 121-137
summary A methodology for developing a knowledge-based expert system for assessing the structural condition of existing reinforced concrete buildings is proposed in this paper. The procedure incorporates the results of field observations and, if necessary, strength computations of individual members and combines these using weighting factors to obtain the overall structural condition of the building. The lack of precision associated with verbal descriptions used in recording some field observations is expressed using fuzzy set notation. Elements of fuzzy set theory are also used in the reasoning process. A KBES incorporating this methodology and using expertise based primarily on the experience of a team of investigating engineers at Tongji University, China, is described.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:23

_id 8c6f
authors Zarnowiecka, J.
year 1997
title Information Structures in the Designing Process
source Challenges of the Future [15th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-3-0] Vienna (Austria) 17-20 September 1997
summary Nowadays we deal with a real revolution in the computer science. Present times explorers no longer look for information in vast library files but rather they surf on Internet. The technological progress in the realm of computer studies made “the fathers unable to keep pace with their children”. That’s one of the reasons why it is so difficult to introduce new techniques into the routinized designing process. The problem is that some know “what” and the others “how”. At the times when drawing pens were ousted by rapidographs, communication between different generations of designers was easier. Both of these tools are, in fact very similar. It is the other way with the new computer science technique, which consists of complicated systems not so easy to access because of various economical, emotional, routine and habitual reasons. Changes in the designing process go step by step, in a much slower pace than the progress in computer hardware and software. It is difficult to accept the fact in professional environment that computer technique can assist the designer as a medium.
series eCAADe
email zarnow@cksr.ac.bialystok.pl
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/ecaade/proc/zarnow/zarnow.htm
last changed 2001/08/17 13:11

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