CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id 9159
authors Simoff, S. and Maher, M.L.
year 1998
title Ontology-based multimedia data mining for design information retrieval
source Proceedings of ACSE Computing Congress, Cambridge
summary Design information systems serve different purposes during different phases of the design process. During the early conceptual design stage the information they define the required function and the constraints, and sketches indicate the alternatives considered. Once a partial design is developed, they provide information for its further elaboration. During later stages designers need information about the physical components for the detailing the design solution. If the final design is used and constructed, there is also a need to collect and file related information for later recall.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id 2ca1
authors Montagu, A. and Bermudez, J.
year 1998
title Datarq: The Development of a Website of Modern Contemporary Architecture
source Computerised Craftsmanship [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Paris (France) 24-26 September 1998
summary The pedagogic approach in the architectural field is suffering a deep change taking in consideration the impact that has been produced mainly by the CAD and multimedia procedures. An additional view to be taken in consideration is the challenge produced by the influence of advanced IT which since 1990-92, has affected positively the exchange of information among people of the academic environment. Several studies confirm this hypothesis, from the wide cultural spectrum when the digitalization process was emerging as an alternative way to data processing (Bateson 1976) to the pedagogical-computational side analyzed by (Papert 1996). One of the main characteristics indicated by S. Papert (op.cit) is the idea of "self teaching" which students are used everywhere due to the constant augment of "friendly" software and the decreasing costs of hardware. Another consequences to point out by S. Paper (op.cit) is that will be more probably that students at home will have more actualized equipment that most of the computer lab. of schools in general. Therefore, the main hypothesis of this paper is, "if we are able to combine usual tutorials design methods with the concept of "self-teaching" regarding the paradigmatic architectural models that are used in practically all the schools of architecture (Le Corbusier, F.L.Wright, M.v. der Rohe, M.Botta, T.Ando, etc.) using a Web site available to everybody, what we are doing is expanding the existing knowledge in the libraries and fulfill the future requirements of the newly generations of students".
series eCAADe
email amontagu@fadu.uba.ar
more http://www.paris-valdemarne.archi.fr/archive/ecaade98/html/35montagu/index.htm
last changed 1998/09/25 17:23

_id ae5c
authors Redondo, Ernest and Sanchez, F. Xavier
year 1998
title Apprendre des machines
source Computerised Craftsmanship [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Paris (France) 24-26 September 1998, pp. 208-217
summary Nous qui devons enseigner à nos élèves les techniques du dessin traditionnel avons trop souvent recours à des recettes et normes mnémotechniques venues des ateliers et studios d'art traditionnels. De telles stratégies, souvent personnelles et intransférables, s'appuyant sur de longues heures de pratique, sont difficilement assimilables pour des élèves qui ne disposent pas de tant de temps pour s'entraîner, ni d'une telle expérience perceptive; dans le meilleur des cas, il en résulte un dessin stéréotypé ou, s'il est brillant, c'est que l'élève savait déjà dessiner. Comme nous considérons que le dessin traditionnel et le CAD sont les deux outils fondamentaux qui permettent à tout architecte d'exprimer ses idées, il nous a semblé opportun de chercher les points communs entre ces deux disciplines. Dans un discours illustré de dessins d'auteurs divers, nous essaierons de démontrer comment, si nous utilisons exactement les mêmes critères que ceux qui régissent un ordinateur dans l'interprétation de ce qu'il voit, le résultat de la représentation est pleinement expressif et efficace. Si nous sommes capables de rationaliser cette méthodologie et de la transmettre à nos élèves, nous aurons répondu à notre double objectif: leur enseigner à dessiner par des techniques traditionnelles, dûment rationalisées et comprendre un peu mieux le fonctionnement des ordinateurs.
series eCAADe
more http://www.paris-valdemarne.archi.fr/archive/ecaade98/html/07redondo/index.htm
last changed 1998/09/26 08:42

_id 0fc8
authors Boutros, N., Sehad, T. and Constans, A.
year 1998
title Aujourd'hui, entre l'agence et l'école, quelle utilisation des nouvelles technologies de l'information - Histoire d'une méthode
source Computerised Craftsmanship [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Paris (France) 24-26 September 1998, pp. 9-15
summary Nous proposons notre future méthodologie pédagogique de l'informatique fondée sur l'expérimentation d'un séminaire de 3ème cycle, aboutissement d'un enseignement qui commence dès la première année d'étude. Cette excursion comme dans un circuit organisé vous emmènera d'une agence d'architectes, aux cours d'informatique graphique de l'école d'architecture. Il y aura ensuite une pause « recherche » sur la méthodologie d'enseignement en exploitant de nombreux outils des nouvelles technologies de l'information - des expérimentations diverses ont eu lieu avec des équipes de recherche de la faculté polytechnique de Turin (Italie) et du centre d'études archéologiques d'Alexandrie (Egypte) - pour enfin arriver à notre destination, l'accès à l'information pour développer un projet architectural, une méthode pour une nouvelle génération.
series eCAADe
email Nader.Boutros@evcau.archi.fr, Tayeb.Sehad@evcau.archi.fr, Alain.Constans@evcau.archi.fr
more http://www.paris-valdemarne.archi.fr/archive/ecaade98/html/41boutros/index.htm
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id 3542
authors Cha, M.Y. and Gero, J.S.
year 1998
title Shape pattern recognition using a computable shape pattern representation
source J.S. Gero and F. Sudweeks (eds), Artificial Intelligence in Design '98, Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 169-188
summary Properties of shapes and shape patterns are investigated in order to represent shape pattern knowledge for supporting shape pattern recognition. It is based on the notion that shape patterns are classified in terms of similarity of spatial relationships as well as physical properties. Methods for shape pattern recognition are explained and examples from an implementation are presented.
keywords Shape Patterns, Shape Representation
series other
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/04/06 06:57

_id 1beb
authors Coomans, M.K.D. and Timmermans, H.J.P.
year 1998
title A VR User Interface for Design by Features
source Timmermans (ed.) Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Maastricht
summary We present the design of a Virtual Reality based user interface (VR-UI). It is the interface for the VR-DIS system, a design application for the Building and Construction industry (VRDIS stands for Virtual Reality - Design Information System). The interface is characterised by a mixed representation of the task domain: an analogue "mock-up view" is being integrated with a descriptive "feature view". It uses a Fish Tank VR configuration which integrates the virtual objects in the designer's normal working environment. The issues underlying the design of the feature view are discussed, as well as the choice of input devices.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id ddss9812
id ddss9812
authors Coomans, M.K.D. and Timmermans, H.J.P.
year 1998
title A VR-User Interface for Design by Features
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary We present the design of a Virtual Reality based user interface (VR-UI). It is the interface for the VR-DIS system, a design application for the Building and Construction industry (VRDIS stands for Virtual Reality - Design Information System). The interface is characterised by a mixedrepresentation of the task domain: an analogue “mock-up view” is being integrated with a descriptive “feature view”. It uses a Fish Tank VR configuration which integrates the virtual objects in the designer’s normal working environment. The issues underlying the design of the feature view are discussed, as well as the choice of input devices.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id 04c9
authors Crandall, N.F. and Wallace , M.J. (ed.)
year 1998
title Work & Rewards in The Virtual Workplace
source Amacom
summary By now, telecommuting is a well-defined word in the corporate U.S. But how about frontline workplace? Or cyberlink workplace? Consultants Crandall and Wallace make convincing arguments about the efficacies of virtual work, and they outline detailed processes and qualifications for any organization contemplating such a move. In a very logical, almost scholarly, fashion, they define terms, explain implementation, demolish perceived and real obstacles, and prove their points via a few case histories. Yet this is not a cut-and-dried book, for the excitement of dramatic changes to our collective workplaces is captured in the descriptions. Chiat/Day assigns its employees a cell phone and a laptop, period. And at Ross Operating Valve, customers actually lead the creative design process. Job satisfaction? You bet. And a much more productive group of employees. Most important for companies interested in these virtual ideas will be the economics chapter, describing in black and white (and sometimes red) the costs involved.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id 8ad1
authors Elsas, P.A. and Vergeest, J.S.M.
year 1998
title New functionality for computer-aided conceptual design: the displacement feature
source Design Studies 19 (1), pp. 81-102
summary Conceptual design using conventional 3D CAD systems is a controversial issue among industrial designers. Although one can produce complex, accurate, finished 3D models using these CAD systems, it is still difficult to use them during early, creative product design. In this paper, a method is described that allows the design of protrusions and depressions in sculptured surfaces in a flexible and interactive manner. Through interviews with industrial designers, the basic requirements for support of such functionality during conceptual design have been formulated. An implemented method based upon these requirements has been extensively evaluated by industrial designers, and these evaluations show that industrial designers find this functionality extremely useful during conceptual shape design.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id 70a1
authors Elsasa, P.A. van and Vergeesta, J.S.M.
year 1998
title Displacement feature modelling for conceptual design
source Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 30 (1) (1998) pp. 19-27
summary Although the support of surface features, where a surface feature represents a local geometric detail imposed on a surface, is well-defined on prismatic objects, this is notthe case for sculptured surface models. Current methods often lead to data-explosion, high polynomial results, or procedural solutions. In this paper a method isdescribed that allows explicit modelling of protrusions and depressions in free-form B-spline surfaces. As this functionality is intended to be used by industrial designersduring conceptual design, distinct requirements are formulated to allow its use in this early stage of design. A method is described that calculates a blending geometryapproximating G1 cross-boundary smoothness effectively. Using these requirements and approximations, protrusions and depressions can be modelled with real-timeresponse, and with unprecedented flexibility.
keywords Surface Features, Conceptual Design, Curvature Continuity Approximating, B-Spline Patches
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:33

_id 4e03
authors Grady, J.M.
year 1998
title Virtual Reality: Computers Mimic the Physical World
source New York: Facts on File
summary In the Science Sourcebook series, a clear and sensible approach to the wonders and mysteries of virtual reality, including its history and some possible scenarios for the future. Grady compares the state of virtual reality to the situation of television in its earliest years: Everyone thought it was great, but it was wildly expensive, and the technology had not yet caught up to the possibilities. He takes a tour through virtual reality's history, and describes its current uses, still in their infancy, in medicine, architecture, business, science, and, of course, fun and games. He writes quite accurately about the function of virtual realityessentially to fool the mind and body into creating a multidimensional experience from computers, software, and devices.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id sigradi2007_af13
id sigradi2007_af13
authors Granero, Adriana Edith; Alicia Barrón; María Teresa Urruti
year 2007
title Transformations in the educational system, Influence of the Digital Graph [Transformaciones en el sistema educacional, influencia de la Gráfica Digital]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 182-186
summary The educative proposal was based on the summary attained through experiences piled up during the 2 last semester courses, 2/2006-1/2007. This proposal corresponds to a mix of methodology (by personal attendance / by internet). Founding on the Theory of the Game (Eric Berne 1960) and on different theories such as: Multiple intelligences (Haward Gardner 1983), Emotional Intelligence (Peter Salowey and John Mayer 1990, Goleman 1998), Social Intelligence (Goleman 2006), the Triarchy of Intelligence (Stemberg, R.J. 1985, 1997), “the hand of the human power”, it´s established that the power of the voice, that of the imagination, the reward, the commitment and association produce a significant increase of the productivity (Rosabeth Moss Kanter 2000), aside from the constructive processes of the knowledge (new pedagogical concepts constructivista of Ormrod J.E. 2003 and Tim O´Reilly 2004).
series SIGRADI
email ag@ub.edu.ar adriana.granero@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id 074a
authors Gross, M.D., Do, E.Y., McCall, R.J., Citrin, W.V., Hamill, P., Warmack, A. and Kuczun, K.S.
year 1998
title Collaboration and coordination in architectural design: approaches to computer mediated team work
source Automation in Construction 7 (6) (1998) pp. 465-473
summary The paper reports on three projects at our laboratory that deal respectively with synchronous collaborative design, asynchronous collaborative design, and design coordination. The Electronic Cocktail Napkin and its mobile extension that runs on hand-held computers supports synchronous design with shared freehand drawing environments. The PHIDIAS hypermedia system supports long-term, asynchronous collaboration by enabling designers of large complex artifacts to store and retrieve rationale about design decisions and the Construction Kit Builder (CKB) supports team design by supporting a priori agreements among team members to avoid conflicts.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:22

_id 0b03
authors Horváth, I., Vergeest, J.S.M., Broek, J.J., Rusák, Z. and De Smit, B.
year 1998
title Tool profile and tool path calculation for free-form thick-layered fabrication
source Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 30 (14) (1998) pp. 1097-1110
summary In several application fields, large sized, free-form objects of various soft materials are widely used. Available layered prototyping technologies cannot be applied forfabrication of these kinds of objects due to size limitations. The authors have developed a novel approach of layered manufacturing that is the most appropriate forphysical concept modeling. This paper presents the algorithms for geometrically-based modeling of the profile curve of the flexible blade tool. It also describes thealgorithm for direct slicing of the CAD model. The second part of the paper deals with the algorithms for slicing, tool positioning and tool path calculation. On thefront surfaces of the layers G2, quasi G1 continuity can be implemented at the transition from one layer to another. In the circumferential direction G0 continuityexists.
keywords Layered Manufacturing, Cutter Path Generation, Cutter Profiles, Hermite Interpolation
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:33

_id 9951
authors Johnson, R.E. and Clayton, M.J.
year 1998
title The impact of information technology in design and construction: the owner's perspective
source Automation in Construction 8 (1) (1998) pp. 3-14
summary This paper reports on findings of a November 1996 exploratory survey of architecture–engineering clients (Fortune 500 corporate facility managers). This research investigated how the practices of corporate facility managers are being influenced by rapid changes in information technology. The conceptual model that served as a guide for this research hypothesized that information technology acts as both an enabler (that is, information technology provides an effective mechanism for managers to implement desired changes), as well as a source of innovation (that is, new information technology innovations create new facility management opportunities). The underlying assumption of this research is that information technology is evolving from a tool that incrementally improves `back-office' productivity to an essential component of strategic positioning that may alter the basic economics, organizational structure and operational practices of facility management organizations and their interactions with service providers (architects, engineers, and constructors). The paper concludes with a discussion of researchable issues.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:22

_id 8cb9
authors Lee, S., Mitchell, W.J., Naka, R., Morozumi, M. and Yamaguchi, S.
year 1998
title The Kumamoto-Kyoto- MIT Collaborative Project: A Case Study of the Design Studio of the Future
source Proceedings of Collaborative Buildings 1998, Darmstadt, Germany
summary The Department of Architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has conducted a series of experimental design studios, as part of a larger ongoing research endeavour called The Design Studio of the Future, an interdisciplinary effort focusing on geographically distributed computer-mediated design and work group collaboration issues. A recent exploration was a collaborative design project joining geographically dispersed design students, faculty, researchers, and practitioners from Kumamoto University, Kyoto Institute of Technology, and MIT to examine the nature of computer networked collaborative environments and advanced computer-aided design technologies to support architectural education and practice. This paper will describe this project, which provided the students and faculty members with practical experience in the use of emerging technologies for collaboration, design, and communication in both the day-to-day activities of distributed groupwork as well as in the more formalized reviews.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id e1cb
authors Reddy, M., Leclerc, Y.G., Iverson, L., Bletter, N. and Vidimce, K.
year 1998
title Modeling the Digital Earth in VRML
source Technical Note no. 559, SRI International, Menlo Park
summary This paper describes the representation and navigation of large, multi-resolution, georeferenced datasets in VRML97. This requires resolving nontrivial issues such as how to represent deep level of detail hierarchies efficiently in VRML; how to model terrain using geographic coordinate systems instead of only VRML's Cartesian representation; how to model georeferenced coordinates to sub-meter accuracy with only single-precision floating point support; how to enable the integration of multiple terrain datasets for a region, as well as cultural features such as buildings and roads; how to navigate efficiently around a large, global terrain dataset; and finally, how to encode metadata describing the terrain. We present solutions to all of these problems. Consequently, we are able to visualize geographic data in the order of terabytes or more, from the globe down to millimeter resolution, and in real-time, using standard VRML97.
series report
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id b548
authors Rosenman, M.A. and Gero, J.S.
year 1998
title CAD modelling in multidisciplinary design domains
source I. Smith (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence in Structural Engineering, Springer, Berlin, pp.335-347
summary In a multidisciplinary design environment, such as the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) domain, the various designers will have their own views, concepts and representations of design objects, making communication in a CAD environment a complex task. This paper demonstrates that by taking into consideration the concepts of function and purpose such multiple views and representations can be accomodated. The representation of the functional properties of design objects and their purpose is the underlying basis for the formation of different representations and the coordination of these representations. The paper puts forward definitions for function and purpose which allow for the representation of these properties of a design object and for interdisciplinary communication and integration in a CAD environment.
keywords Multiple Views, Representation
series other
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/04/06 07:02

_id 30
authors Vizcaino, M.S., Leal, M., Maria, L., Persia, M. and Tamagnini, A.
year 1998
title Base de Datos Bodega (Data Base Warehouse)
source II Seminario Iberoamericano de Grafico Digital [SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-97190-0-X] Mar del Plata (Argentina) 9-11 september 1998, pp. 232-237
summary The architectural objects and their site are an indivisible part of the concrete culture of a place.in order to achieve the protection of the Cultural Property, the indispensable previous step is the fulfilment of an inventory. If a good inventory is not available, serious tasks of public awareness could not be carried out, nor could be adopted policies or specific safeguard projects. Besides, neither criteria nor protective measurements in the plans of urban or regional development could be incorporated. Finally, we could not discuss with the sufficient scientific support. San Juan has climatic features typical of and regions with high seismic risk, scarce hydric resources, landscape diversity and singular vegetation. This favoured the cultivation of vineyards as well as the construction of important industrial buildings. In this sense, the Architecture of the Vine Production and Wine - making gave rise to establishments (buildings and sites), whose architectural characteristics, in a holistic consideration, are part of the Provincial Architectural Patrimony. A relational database structured by fields related to different levels of information was designed so as to fulfil this inventory. The data processing application used enables to search and ask for information by means of an easy access interface with the following possibilities :expansion, versatility in the design of visualization-printing plugs and readiness to migrate to other formats.
series SIGRADI
email msoria@unsj.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 09:02

_id b796
authors Krishnamurthy, B.K., Tserng, H.-P., Schmitt, R.L., Russell, J.S., Bahia, H.U. and Hanna, A.S.
year 1998
title AutoPave: towards an automated paving system for asphalt pavement compaction operations
source Automation in Construction 8 (2) (1998) pp. 165-180
summary Asphalt pavement density from roller compaction is a crucial factor in ensuring satisfactory pavement performance. Proper and uniform compaction of the pavement mat is essential in achieving the desired final compacted density. There is a necessity to investigate existing pavement construction practices, and provide more cost-effective modifications to the current scenario. Automation of the paving operation can increase the efficiency and quality of the operation, lead to reductions in overall project costs and time, and enhance pavement life. A system can be developed through algorithmic planning and real-time guidance strategies, and the development of a semi-automated path-planning and real-time guidance system that aims towards automating the paving operation. This system accepts relevant paving project inputs, generates appropriate path plans for the compactor, performs a graphical visualization of the generated path plan, and offers real-time guidance capabilities using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) technology. This system, named AUTOPAVE (v1.0), was developed in Microsoft Visual Basic™ programming language and offers a user-friendly and interactive graphical interface. The proposed new system will incorporate state-of-the-art GPS technology to standardize paving operations that are more amenable to rigorous quality control, and can result in considerable reductions in cost and time involved in asphalt pavement construction projects. This system was tested on several actual paving projects, and many operational issues related to the functioning of the system were successfully overcome.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:22

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