CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 41 to 60 of 242

_id 5c49
authors Mazijoglou, M. and Scrivener, S.A.R.
year 1998
title The rich picture of design activity
source Automation in Construction 7 (2-3) (1998) pp. 157-175
summary This paper describes the development of a scheme for representing design activity, called a Rich Picture, designed to assist inductive analysis. This Rich Picture combines different transcription schemes that capture both verbal and non-verbal aspects of the design activity. The transcriptions produced using these schemes are linked together and back to the design activity raw data, such as drawings, video and audio recordings, and workspace resources. In producing the Rich Picture the aim is not to prove that design activity is one thing or another, nor are the schemes intended as measures, nor are they intended as a means of reducing data to a manageable form (although they do enable selective review). Essentially, the transcriptions augment the design activity and together with this raw data comprise the Rich Picture which, it is argued, provides a powerful resource for interpretation and analysis.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:22

_id 0657
authors Morozumi, M., Homma, R., Shounai, Y., Yamaguchi, S. and Kawasumi, N.
year 2001
title Web-based collaborative design studio: tools and programs
source CAADRIA 2001 [Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 1-86487-096-6] Sydney 19-21 April 2001, pp. 93-102
summary Since 1996, Kumamoto University has repeated several experiments to apply web-based collaborative design techniques to a junior design studio aiming to stimulate studentsí interaction in the class and to enhance their design abilities. When it became clear after a two-year experiment that writing web pages and uploading them to a web server was a barrier of communication for students, the authors developed a web-based groupware called GW-Notebook, and started using it in 1998. In the fall semester of 2000, the authors introduced a new design studio program, and tested the revised version of the groupware, GW-Notebook III. This paper discusses the features of the system, and gives an outline of the studio program and some of the findings in the studio as well as the use of the revised system.
series CAADRIA
email moro@arch.kumamoto-u.ac.jp
last changed 2001/05/27 16:27

_id e184
authors Popov, V., Popova, L. and De Paoli, G.
year 1998
title Towards an Object-Oriented Language for the Declarative Design of Scenes
source Digital Design Studios: Do Computers Make a Difference? [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-07-1] Québec City (Canada) October 22-25, 1998, pp. 316-353
summary We propose a prototype “kernel” of an object-oriented language, SOML (Scene Objects Modeling Language), intended to assist in the declarative design of scenes in image synthesis. This language is an attempt to provide the designer with a tool to facilitate the rapid prototyping of 3D scenes. It can also serve as a tool for knowledge acquisition and representation , and for communication and exchange of data with other tools in a design environment. Advantages offered by the implementation of SOML are: (a) from user’s viewpoint: the possibility of declarative description of the initial concept associated with the target scene in terms of properties and constraint vocabulary, the possibility of quantitative and qualitative reasoning on these properties, the modification of the intermediate solutions to different levels of detail, the utilisation of previous solutions; and (b) from the implementation viewpoint: the structuring of the properties and methods in the form of domain knowledge, the optimal solution generation according to heuristic causal-probabilistic criteria, the transformation of the semantic concept description of the scene in generic entry code for a geometrical CSG modeler or for rendering and visualization software, the integration of functionality for parameter generation and modification, the compilation of a scene from components of other final scenes and operations of geometrical transformations acting on groups of scenes. We present the architecture of the object-based implantation of the language and its interpreter, in the unified notation formalism UML. The utilization of the SOML language is illustrated by some examples.
series ACADIA
email popov@giotto.univ-poitiers.fr, popova@giotto.univ-poitiers.fr, depaolig@ere.umontreal.ca
last changed 1998/12/16 07:38

_id 220b
authors Potier, S., Malret, J.-L-. and Zoller, J.
year 1998
title Computer Graphics: Assistance for Archaeological Hypotheses
source Digital Design Studios: Do Computers Make a Difference? [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-07-1] Québec City (Canada) October 22-25, 1998, pp. 366-383
summary This paper is a contribution to the domain of computer tools for architectural and archeological restitution of ancient buildings. We describe an application of these tools to the modeling of the 14th century AD. Thermae of Constantin in Arles, south of France. It was a diploma project in School of Architecture of MarseilleLuminy, and took place in a context defined in the European ARELATE project. The general objective of this project is to emphasize the archeological and architectural heritage of the city of Arles; it aims, in particular, to equip the museum of ancient Arles with a computer tool enabling the storage and consultation of archaeological archives, the communication of information and exchange by specialized networks, and the creation of a virtual museum allowing a redescription of the monuments and a “virtual” visit of ancient Arles. Our approach involves a multidisciplinary approach, calling on architecture, archeology and computer science. The archeologist’s work is to collect information and interpret it; this is the starting point of the architect’s work who, using these elements, suggests an architectural reconstruction. This synthesis contains the functioning analysis of the structure and building. The potential provided by the computer as a tool (in this case, the POV-Ray software) with access to several three-dimensional visualizations, according to hypotheses formulated by the architect and archaeologists, necessitates the use of evolutive models which, thanks to the parametrization of dimensions of a building and its elements, can be adapted to all the changes desired by the architect. The specific contribution of POV-Ray in architectural reconstruction of thermae finds its expression in four forms of this modeling program, which correspond to the objectives set by the architect in agreement with archeologists: (a) The parametrization of dimensions, which contributes significantly in simplifying the reintervention process of the architectural data base; (b) Hierarchy and links between variables, allowing “grouped” modifications of modelized elements in order to preserve the consistency of the architectural building’s morphology; (c) The levels of modeling (with or without facing, for example), which admit of the exploration of all structural and architectural trails (relationship form/ function); and, (d) The “model-type,” facilitating the setting up of hypotheses by simple scaling and transformation of these models (e.g., roofing models) on an already modelled structure. The methodological validation of this modeling software’s particular use in architectural formulation of hypotheses shows that the software is the principal graphical medium of discussion between architect and archaeologist, thus confirming the hypotheses formulated at the beginning of this project.

series ACADIA
email stephane.potier@wanadoo.fr, jlm@marseille.archi.fr, jz@gamsau.archi.fr
last changed 1998/12/16 07:40

_id eb16
authors Reffat, Rabee M. and Gero, John S.
year 1998
title Learning About Shape Semantics: A Situated Learning Approach
source CAADRIA ‘98 [Proceedings of The Third Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 4-907662-009] Osaka (Japan) 22-24 April 1998, pp. 375-384
summary Designers recognise or make sense of objects in the context "situations" of other things. Design cannot be predicted and you have to be “at a particular set of states” in order to decide what to do. The inability to determine a priori all design states implies that any design process cannot be pre-planned and design actions cannot be pre-defined. Situated learning is based on the notion that knowledge is contextually situated and is fundamentally influenced by the context in which it is used. We propose a situated learning approach in the domain of architectural shapes design. This paper elaborates the concept of situated learning and demonstrates what it produces in the domain of shape semantics.
keywords Architectural Shape Semantics, Situated Learning, Design Knowledge, Design Situations
series CAADRIA
email rabee@arch.usyd.edu.au, john@arch.usyd.edu.au
more http://www.caadria.org
last changed 1998/12/02 13:16

_id b548
authors Rosenman, M.A. and Gero, J.S.
year 1998
title CAD modelling in multidisciplinary design domains
source I. Smith (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence in Structural Engineering, Springer, Berlin, pp.335-347
summary In a multidisciplinary design environment, such as the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) domain, the various designers will have their own views, concepts and representations of design objects, making communication in a CAD environment a complex task. This paper demonstrates that by taking into consideration the concepts of function and purpose such multiple views and representations can be accomodated. The representation of the functional properties of design objects and their purpose is the underlying basis for the formation of different representations and the coordination of these representations. The paper puts forward definitions for function and purpose which allow for the representation of these properties of a design object and for interdisciplinary communication and integration in a CAD environment.
keywords Multiple Views, Representation
series other
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/04/06 07:02

_id ddss9849
id ddss9849
authors Sariyildiz, S. Ciftcioglu, Ö. and Veer, Peter van der
year 1998
title Information Ordering for decision support in building design
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary A systematic approach for the application of AI-based information processing for information ordering in architectural building design is described. For this purpose fuzzy associative memory (FAM) method is considered. In this system FAM is used for knowledge representation in building design concerning the functional & technical requirements information and its graded relevance to individuals concerned in the same context. A set of FAM rules having been established as a knowledge base for use, a pattern of information in the form of a fuzzy vector is fed to each FAM rule. Here, a decision support system is aimed to convey the information to the respective individuals and/or bodies involved, in a graded form, according to their capacity of involvement in the building design. By exploiting the binary logic, each FAM rule is fired in parallel but to a different degree so that each rule generates an m-dimensional output fuzzy vector Pi. The union of these vectors creates m-dimensional fuzzy decision vector D that provides the ordered information addressed to respective individuals and/or bodies mentioned. Using simulated data, a verification procedure for the performance of the approach is investigated and by means of the work, the role that artificial intelligence in architecture and building design might play, is pointed out.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id c36a
authors Sariyildiz, S., Van der Veer, P., Schwenck, M. and Ciftcioglu, Ö.
year 1998
title Computer as a Valuable and Reliable Partner
source Cyber-Real Design [Conference Proceedings / ISBN 83-905377-2-9] Bialystock (Poland), 23-25 April 1998, pp. 177-188
summary As in any branches of the science, the newcoming technologies play always a role in each of the related specific disciplines. The developments of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) have an important impact on architectural design and the process of the design as well as it is a part of the other technological developments. Surely these rapidly ongoing developments will influence the way of designing and the design process. What will change in the building practice by the use of this technology? How should we use this technology to reach our goals? What will be the next step in future developments? In this paper we give an overview of the use the ICT in general for architectural design and the design process and focus on the future developments. The aspect of integration (tools and partners) and the development of Decision Support Environment in the building process by means of the Artificial Intelligence (Al) technologies are mentioned.
series plCAD
email I.S.Sariyildiz@bk.tudelft.nl
last changed 2003/05/17 08:01

_id a5cd
authors Sasada, T., Yamaguchi, S., Morozumi, M., Kaga, A. and Homma, R. (Eds.)
year 1998
title CAADRIA ‘98 [Conference Proceedings]
source Proceedings of The Third Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 4-907662-009 / Osaka (Japan) 22-24 April 1998, 482 p.
summary Recent progress in hardware and software technology for CAAD systems offer new challenges and opportunities to architects and design educators in aspects such as modeling systems for sketching and design evaluation; knowledge bases as a source of design thinking; network or CD-ROM image banks of design archives; video-conferencing to support geographically distributed interdisciplinary collaboration; etc. Despite expectations that CAAD system would support creative and productive design processes more effectively than those in a traditional design studio, their contributions to architectural design practice and design education still seem to be limited. The fault is, in part, that there are many designers and educators who have yet to experience designing in the medium (as opposed to simply drafting) and partly because digital design tools and technologies have still to be developed or to be integrated to a process of designers' activities. Clearly there are opportunities for further efforts to explore and develop better CAAD technologies as well as to demonstrate and prove possible impact of their application on design practice and design education.
series CAADRIA
email sasada@env.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp
more http://www.caadria.org
last changed 1998/12/02 13:05

_id 4d85
authors Shimokawa, Y., Morozumi, M., Iki, K. and Homma, R.
year 1998
title Replacement and Transformation as a Key to Schematic Design Thinking - 3-D Modeling System which Supports Design Thinking
source CAADRIA ‘98 [Proceedings of The Third Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 4-907662-009] Osaka (Japan) 22-24 April 1998, pp. 365-374
summary This paper analyses a prototype of a 3D modeling system that can support schematic design development and begins with very abstract representation elaborates it step by step into a detailed representation. Using Mitchell's concept of a TOPDOWN system for 2D sketches as the basis, the authors proposed a design process model and a prototype that allows both bottom up additive processes in exploring the design frame and top down processes for the design refinement of each building element. Various utilities of replacing and transforming graphic objects as well as those that can control shapes and the location of those objects with construction lines have been proposed. The authors discussed possible use of the system and topics for future study by reviewing case studies.
keywords Replacement Operation, Modeling System, Schematic Design, Design Thinking
series CAADRIA
email shimo@neptune.kanazawa-it.ac.jp
more http://www.caadria.org
last changed 1998/12/02 13:16

_id 8c58
authors Smith, A., Dodge, M. and Doyle, s.
year 1998
title Visual Communication in Urban Planning and Urban Design
source Paper No.2, Working Paper Series, Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis Working Paper Series, University College, London, UK
summary Contributed by Susan Pietsch (spietsch@arch.adelaide.edu.au)
keywords 3D City Modeling, Development Control, Design Control
series other
last changed 2001/06/04 18:41

_id ddss9859
id ddss9859
authors Tonarelli, P., Delaporte, J.L., Tahon, C.
year 1998
title Geographical and logistical Information System for building management
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary Nowadays, most of building managers (e.g., companies, local communities, government agencies) have to face up a common set of problems. For instance, these problems are a deficient knowledge of ancient buildings and networks (e.g., gas, water), an inefficient management of green spaces, ora lack of communication between users (e.g., technical staff, suppliers, building end users). In addition, building and spaces to be managed may be shared among several distant areas. LAMIH works aim to achieve methodologies and computer tools for building management andassociated logistic. These works include two aspects we present in this paper:- a methodological one: the establishment of a project business plan, applied to building and logistic management,- a computer aspect: the design and implementation of a decision and management support system, the Geographical and Logistical Information System (G.L.I.S.). The project business plan includes the creation of a task force which has to lead the project and the description of the project plan.The G.L.I.S. is a software set which uses shared database. In particular, this set allows the different users to:- manage a patrimony as a whole, with the help of a Geographical Information System,- manage buildings and networks,- improve communication and logistic aspects with the help of a groupware tool. We present the achievement of these methodology and tools as part of a particular area: theUniversity of Valenciennes which is shared among four towns. The project takes into account existing buildings and those to be built, spaces which separates them, and the relationships betweenthe four different sites of the University. A task force is created as well as a specialised service, the Building Management Department. This department represents an interface between the task force,the LAMIH, and a centre of Information Technologies in construction (CERTIC) which is created as part of the SCENIC project (Support Centres Network for IT in Construction, Esprit project 21772).
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id ddss9821
id ddss9821
authors Varghese, G., Dhingra, S.L. and Sikdar, P.K.
year 1998
title The Role of Expert Systems, and RDBMS Strategies in a DSSfor Urban Bus Transport Management
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary Efficient and well-managed urban bus transport systems supported by information systems with decision support capabilities developed within the framework of an advanced Relational Data Base Management System (RDBMS) can provide critical information at the right moment and assisttransport managers in conducting performance evaluations. This paper includes discussions on the use of the entity-relationship (E-R) model (a semantic data modeling technique) in the development of thestructure of the conceptual database for the information system planned to be implemented using RDBMS. The E-R data modeling approach enables database designers in obtaining the third normal forms of related databases for the efficient functioning of the information system. The inportance of decision tables in the development of DSS modules using Expert System shells are also discussed. The DSS modules will assist transport managers in the analysis of operational performance for bus depots or the organization as a whole. The E-R diagrams generated and the decision files developed will serve as important documents that can enhance the adaptability of the DSS to the changing needs ofthe organizations. The conceptualization of the information system to support decision-making in an RDBMS framework provides the advantage of a very low 'disk seek' time and facilitates frequent generation of reports.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id 9254
authors Wisneski, C., Ishii, H., Dahley, A., Gorbet, M., Brave, S., Yarin, B. and Yarin, P.
year 1998
title Ambient Displays: Turning Architectual Space into an Interface between People and Information
source Proceedings of International Workshop Cooperative Buildings (CoBuild '98), (Darmstadt, Germany, February 1998, pp. 22-32
summary We envision that the architectural space we inhabit will be a new form of interface between humans and online digital information. This paper discusses Ambient Displays: a new approach to interfacing people with online digital information. Ambient Displays present information within a space through subtle changes in light, sound, and movement, which can be processed in the background of awareness. We describe the design and implementation of two example Ambient Displays, the ambientROOM and Ambient Fixtures. Additionally, we discuss applications of Ambient Displays and propose theories of design of such interfaces based on our initial experiences.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id ddss9863
id ddss9863
authors Yaakup, A., Johar, F. and Yusof, I.M.
year 1998
title Development Control System and GIS for Local Authority in Malaysia:A Case of Kuala Lumpur City Hall
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary This paper examines the functions of local authority particularly in the context of planning and development control. The process of development control involves a technique for the systematic compilation of expert quantitative analysis and qualitative assessment of a project's land use and development viability, including its effect on the surrounding area, andthe presentation of results in a way which enables the importance of the predicted results, and the scope for modifying or mitigating them, to be properly evaluated by the relevant decision making body before a planning application decision is rendered. Taking Kuala Lumpur as an example this paper will demonstrate the development of database and its application for development and building control. The application indicates that thefunctionality of GIS can be enhanced, i.e. by adding new model and analytical tools to existing systems and by using the GIS toolkit to best effect. Consequently it will be used to assist decision-making, taking into account among other things, the current scenarios of the proposed development, physical constraint and future impacts.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id 0446
authors Fasse, Isabelle
year 1998
title La modélisation de projets architecturaux comme support d'analyse d'oeuvres architecturale
source Computerised Craftsmanship [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Paris (France) 24-26 September 1998, pp. 72-77
summary A l'heure où l'ordinateur n'est pas seulement utilisé comme instrument de dessin mais de plus en plus mis à contribution comme outil d'aide à la conception, l'approche de l'informatique en Ecole d'Architecture demande une pédagogie adaptée aux disciplines enseignées qui va au delà de l'apprentissage de l'utilisation du matériel et des logiciels. Le travail demandé en 4ème année aux étudiants de l'école d'architecture de Marseille Luminy repose sur l'analyse d'un projet architectural pris dans l'oeuvre d'un architecte de leur choix. Cette analyse doit amener les étudiants à proposer une méthode de travail basée sur les outils informatiques mis à leur disposition qui les aide par la saisie et la représentation informatique du projet, à formuler et évaluer les hypothèses de conception qui ont menées à la réalisation du projet étudié. Cette approche basée sur l'analyse du projet ouvre la perspective de l'utilisation de l'outil informatique dans les étapes de l'analyse, de la conception et de la communication d'un projet.
series eCAADe
more http://www.paris-valdemarne.archi.fr/archive/ecaade98/html/12fasse/index.htm
last changed 2003/03/05 12:15

_id 4ae8
authors Kokosalakis, Jen, Hohmann, L.M. and Pamplin, I.
year 1999
title Benefits of Data Integration in Building Modelling: 3D Object Oriented Professional Collaboration
source AVOCAAD Second International Conference [AVOCAAD Conference Proceedings / ISBN 90-76101-02-07] Brussels (Belgium) 8-10 April 1999, pp. 103-130
summary This paper will review current progress across the building construction industry in meeting demands for use of data integration with the 3D building model as the coordinating device in building design and development. Decades of national initiatives from NEDO (1990) to Egan (1998) have striven to encourage collaboration in first the building design team and later targetting in programmas the means to accomplish this. In its 14th year 'The User Group' has intensified efforts to persuade the industry of the benefits of associating all data involved from the first briefing and conception of design needs and ideas, through the development of the design, testing for structures, costs, heating, lighting, urban and rural environmental impact, facilities management, adaptation and even the eventual controlled demolition of the building. Examples in this paper will be reported from 'The User Group' conference, "Profit from Data Integration: An industry update", (NEC, Birmingham, Nov. 1998), to indicate how various organisations are now profiting from data integration in 3D object orientated modelling.
series AVOCAAD
email j.kokosalakis@livjm.ac.uk, Imh@globalnet.co.uk, ian@pamplinass.source.co.uk
last changed 2005/09/09 08:48

_id 6433
authors Agranovich-Ponomarieva, E. and Litvinova, A.
year 1998
title The "Real Space - Cyberspace" Paradigm
source Cyber-Real Design [Conference Proceedings / ISBN 83-905377-2-9] Bialystock (Poland), 23-25 April 1998, pp. 141-145
summary In a chain of "real - perceived - imagined space" the computer reduces to a uniform model of only real and imagined space. It cannot undertake man's function or it cannot build the perception model. However, perception assumes physiological perception, psychological estimation and understanding, and emotional ho-experience. For a person the seizing of space during perception is constructing temporary spatial images and their development. The communicative relations of the person with environment are established during revealing internal and external structural communications and the interior represents the message, unwrapped in space and perceived in time. The real space is formed under influence of the sum of conceptual restrictions. The character of these restrictions depends on a super idea, a type of an initial situation, character of installations and on social-cultural stereotypes of the author. Without this stage transition to real architectural object is impossible. Result of activity of an architect at this stage becomes creation hypothetical cyberspace, with its own peculiarities and laws.
series plCAD
last changed 1999/04/08 15:16

_id ascaad2006_paper19
id ascaad2006_paper19
authors Arjun, G. and J. Plume
year 2006
title Collaborative Architectural Design as a reflective Conversation: an agent facilitated system to support collaborative conceptual design
source Computing in Architecture / Re-Thinking the Discourse: The Second International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2006), 25-27 April 2006, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
summary In this paper, definitions of collaborative design are discussed and understood in terms of a designer’s cognitive collaborations to explore his/her experiential memory for remote idea associations. Based on Schon’s reflective practice theory, Valkenburg and Dorst’s (1998) description of collaborative team designing is adopted as a model for a proposed design conversation system. The design conversation system is aimed at triggering the experiential memory of the designer by associating significant ideas from different design domains to provide different perspectives of a design situation. The paper describes a proposed framework for the design conversation system incorporating computational agents in a blackboard architecture environment.
series ASCAAD
email j.plume@unsw.edu.au
last changed 2007/04/08 17:47

_id ddss9804
id ddss9804
authors Assaf, S.
year 1998
title A Decision Support System (DSS) for Forward Housing Planning
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary This paper presents a specification of a Local Housing Strategy Decision Support System (LHS-DSS) (Conceptual and Physical model design). Emphasis throughout the design process is laid on the techniques that provide housing planners with accurate rapid assistance during the preparation process of local housing strategy. Relevant knowledge (descriptive, procedural, reasoning) and data about each step of the process, options for each situation as it arises, and a record of decisions made with underlying reasons are provided to system users. Three main components are identified to shape up the LHS-DSS: the language system for addressing housing problems; knowledge system which is responsible for gathering and accumulating the housing knowledge required; and problem processing system (an inquiry system) which produces suitable and effective recommendations to support the strategy preparation process.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

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