CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 581 to 590 of 590

_id b070
authors Yu, W. and Skibniewski, M.J.
year 1999
title Quantitative constructability analysis with a neuro-fuzzy knowledge-based multi-criterion decision support system
source Automation in Construction 8 (5) (1999) pp. 553-565
summary This paper presents a multi-criterion decision model for quantitative constructability analysis based on a neuro-fuzzy knowledge-based system. The traditional constructability definition is modified so that constructability can be quantified, measured, and improved. A multi-layer information aggregation network is proposed to incorporate the manager's subjective preference information. The constructor's technology management policy can be reflected in the constructability evaluation process based on technology implementation preferences. A systematic approach to constructability problem detection and constructability improvement is developed to improve technology performance. Two examples of constructability analyses for alternative concrete formwork technologies are given to demonstrate the functions of the proposed methodology.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:23

_id avocaad_2001_09
id avocaad_2001_09
authors Yu-Tung Liu, Yung-Ching Yeh, Sheng-Cheng Shih
year 2001
title Digital Architecture in CAD studio and Internet-based competition
source AVOCAAD - ADDED VALUE OF COMPUTER AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN, Nys Koenraad, Provoost Tom, Verbeke Johan, Verleye Johan (Eds.), (2001) Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst - Departement Architectuur Sint-Lucas, Campus Brussel, ISBN 80-76101-05-1
summary Architectural design has been changing because of the vast and creative use of computer in different ways. From the viewpoint of designing itself, computer has been used as drawing tools in the latter phase of design (Mitchell 1977; Coyne et al. 1990), presentation and simulation tools in the middle phase (Liu and Bai 2000), and even critical media which triggers creative thinking in the very early phase (Maher et al. 2000; Liu 1999; Won 1999). All the various roles that computer can play have been adopted in a number of professional design corporations and so-called computer-aided design (CAD) studio in schools worldwide (Kvan 1997, 2000; Cheng 1998). The processes and outcomes of design have been continuously developing to capture the movement of the computer age. However, from the viewpoint of social-cultural theories of architecture, the evolvement of design cannot be achieved solely by designers or design processes. Any new idea of design can be accepted socially, culturally and historically only under one condition: The design outcomes could be reviewed and appreciated by critics in the field at the time of its production (Csikszentmihalyi 1986, 1988; Schon and Wiggins 1992; Liu 2000). In other words, aspects of design production (by designers in different design processes) are as critical as those of design appreciation (by critics in different review processes) in the observation of the future trends of architecture.Nevertheless, in the field of architectural design with computer and Internet, that is, so-called computer-aided design computer-mediated design, or internet-based design, most existing studies pay more attentions to producing design in design processes as mentioned above. Relatively few studies focus on how critics act and how they interact with designers in the review processes. Therefore, this study intends to investigate some evolving phenomena of the interaction between design production and appreciation in the environment of computer and Internet.This paper takes a CAD studio and an Internet-based competition as examples. The CAD studio includes 7 master's students and 2 critics, all from the same countries. The Internet-based competition, held in year 2000, includes 206 designers from 43 counties and 26 critics from 11 countries. 3 students and the 2 critics in the CAD studio are the competition participating designers and critics respectively. The methodological steps are as follows: 1. A qualitative analysis: observation and interview of the 3 participants and 2 reviewers who join both the CAD studio and the competition. The 4 analytical criteria are the kinds of presenting media, the kinds of supportive media (such as verbal and gesture/facial data), stages of the review processes, and interaction between the designer and critics. The behavioral data are acquired by recording the design presentation and dialogue within 3 months. 2. A quantitative analysis: statistical analysis of the detailed reviewing data in the CAD studio and the competition. The four 4 analytical factors are the reviewing time, the number of reviewing of the same project, the comparison between different projects, and grades/comments. 3. Both the qualitative and quantitative data are cross analyzed and discussed, based on the theories of design thinking, design production/appreciation, and the appreciative system (Goodman 1978, 1984).The result of this study indicates that the interaction between design production and appreciation during the review processes could differ significantly. The review processes could be either linear or cyclic due to the influences from the kinds of media, the environmental discrepancies between studio and Internet, as well as cognitive thinking/memory capacity. The design production and appreciation seem to be more linear in CAD studio whereas more cyclic in the Internet environment. This distinction coincides with the complementary observations of designing as a linear process (Jones 1970; Simon 1981) or a cyclic movement (Schon and Wiggins 1992). Some phenomena during the two processes are also illustrated in detail in this paper.This study is merely a starting point of the research in design production and appreciation in the computer and network age. The future direction of investigation is to establish a theoretical model for the interaction between design production and appreciation based on current findings. The model is expected to conduct using revised protocol analysis and interviews. The other future research is to explore how design computing creativity emerge from the process of producing and appreciating.
series AVOCAAD
last changed 2005/09/09 08:48

_id cf4d
authors Zamanian, M.K. and Pittman, J.H.
year 1999
title A software industry perspective on AEC information models for distributed collaboration
source Automation in Construction 8 (3) (1999) pp. 237-248
summary This paper focuses on information modeling and computing technologies that are most relevant to the emerging software for the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. After a brief introduction to the AEC industry and its present state of computer-based information sharing and collaboration, a set of requirements for AEC information models are identified. Next, a number of key information modeling and standards initiatives for the AEC domain are briefly discussed followed by a review of the emerging object and Internet technologies. The paper will then present our perspective on the challenges and potential directions for using object-based information models in a new generation of AEC software systems intended to offer component-based open architecture for distributed collaboration.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:23

_id d59a
authors Zarnowiecka, Jadwiga C.
year 1999
title AI and Regional Architecture
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 584-588
summary In 1976 Richard Foqué established periods in the development of methods of designing. The first stage (the 50's and early 60's) - automatization of the designing process - properly identified language of description that is understood by a machine is vital. Christopher Alexander publishes 'Pattern Language'. The second stage (late 60's) - the use of the Arts - research techniques as interview, questionnaire, active observation; ergonomic aspects are also taken into consideration. The third stage (starts at the turn of the 60's and 70's) - co-participation of all of the parties involved in the designing process, and especially the user. The designing process becomes more complex but at the same time more intelligible to a non-professional - Alexander's 'Pattern Language' returns. It's been over 20 years now since the publication of this work. In the mid 70's prototypes of integrate building description are created. We are dealing now with the next stage of the designing methods development. Unquestionable progress of computer optimalization of technical and economical solutions has taken place. It's being forecasted that the next stage would be using computer as a simulator of the designing process. This stage may be combined with the development of AI. (Already in 1950 Alan Turing had formulated the theoretical grounds of Artificial Intelligence.) Can the development of the AI have the influence on the creation of present time regional architecture? Hereby I risk a conclusion that the development of AI can contribute to the creation of modern regional architecture.
keywords Design Process, Artificial Intelligence, Regional Architecture
series eCAADe
last changed 1999/10/10 12:53

_id 5d35
authors Gero, John S. and Damski, José
year 1999
title Feature-Based Qualitative Modeling of Objects
source Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures [ISBN 0-7923-8536-5] Atlanta, 7-8 June 1999, pp. 309-320
summary Objects represent fundamentally important ways with which to perceive and reason about the world. There are very few adequate representations for use at the early stages of designing. Feature- based approaches founded on qualitative representations have been used. This paper extends the qualitative representation developed for two-dimensional shapes to three-dimensional objects. It uses the qualitative representation to detect features. An example of the application of this representation is presented.
keywords Qualitative Modeling, Features, Object Modeling, Computer-aided Design
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2006/11/07 06:22

_id 6641
authors Gero, John S. and Tang, Hsien-Hui
year 1999
title Concurrent and Retrospective Protocols and Computer-Aided Architectural Design
source CAADRIA '99 [Proceedings of The Fourth Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 7-5439-1233-3] Shanghai (China) 5-7 May 1999, pp. 403-410
summary This paper presents the results of studying human designers using two forms of protocol analysis and examines the implications of the results on computer-aided architectural design systems. It uses and contrasts two types of protocol analyses: concurrent protocols and retrospective protocols. The preliminary results indicate that CAAD tools to be useful at the early stages of designing need to encompass synthesis, analysis and evaluation and be highly integrated.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2000/01/13 11:31

_id fa7a
authors Kokosalakis, Jen
year 1999
title Learning to Learn Through Computing: Sensitising Surveys and Empowering Urban Stakeholder's Input to Policy
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 714-721
summary Reflection on three decades using computing at JMU, to teach survey techniques to planners, with application to community research projects, reveals that each computing "learning" threshold/milestone enabled each protagonist (research lecturer, planning student, professional and community-stakeholder),"to learn" more broadly. This facilitated more sensitive data-gathering-so empowering respondent/residents with more control to define data to influence urban policy. The seventies' mechanical processing and limited computing experience restricted data quality/depth. Hand-processing 'edge punch cards' recorded enriched variety and depth. Learning computing from Maths lecturers enabled students to learn to control SPSS program and data files. Maths lecturers' withdrawal necessitated the authors' learning, which brought control of the whole process, so facilitating informal inductive interviews-more open to respondents' control over topics to be discussed. Planners learning 3DCAAD-modelling, learned to conceptualise spatially. Community members used CAAD with greater ease, possibly through greater Internet and games experience. Free, EU-funded, private, government, and so on training schemes for Merseysiders, may enfranchise them to define and submit their own demands regarding urban regeneration, directly, through new technological channels (opened by Local Authorities). And new partnering, with private, public and developer agencies may drive these initiatives home.
keywords Research Methods, Community Empowerment, Learning Computing, Urban Planning, Sensitivity
series eCAADe
last changed 1999/10/10 12:52

_id 875c
authors Bonta, Pedro
year 1999
title CAO - Centro Asistido Por Ordenador
source ACADIA Quarterly, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 12-12
summary The formal education of future professionals requires training in four basic skills: abstraction, systemical thought, experimentation and collaboration. The capacity of abstraction allows to understand and manage realty in different ways in order to create opportunities to reinterpret and reorganize the information. The systemical thought promotes the distinction and the interpretation, teaching how they should be interpreted and how they can be refuted. They should learn how to analyze the reality from different points of view, under different conditions, which allows imagining new alternatives and possibilities. Through the experimentation we look for different possibilities and results and verify analogies and relevant differences, comparing with previous ideas. Another relevant aspect is the capacity of collaborating, sharing troubles and solutions, building new knowledge.
series ACADIA
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id 06e3
authors Manes, Sergio
year 1999
title La influencia de los software infográficos en la formación del arquitecto. Ideas contenidas en los software de representación. Estrategia pedagógica (The Influence of Graphic Software in the Education of the Architect. Ideas Contained in the Representation Software. Pedagogic Strategy)
source III Congreso Iberoamericano de Grafico Digital [SIGRADI Conference Proceedings] Montevideo (Uruguay) September 29th - October 1st 1999, pp. 307-309
summary These report shows the result obtained by the application of an pedagogic strategy in order to teach how to use software of rendering like an instrument of design. Through the acknowledgement of certain kind of ideas contained in the instruments of representation, we made the parallel between these instruments and the software, in order to found other ideas contained on this.through the application of these ideas like the essence of certain kinds of exercises of design, the student is introduced in the world of the software of rendering, not only like an instrument of representation, but an instrument of design.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id 108f
authors Vassigh, Shahin
year 1999
title Structures E-Book
source ACADIA Quarterly, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 15-15
summary Although understanding structures is central to the education of the architect, the engineering-based instructional materials currently in use are fundamentally inappropriate for the vast majority of architecture students. The teaching of structures is constrained by content, teaching methods and texts, which are increasingly ineffective in the classroom. Nonengineering (especially architecture) faculty and their student’s struggle with an aging, engineering-based approach to instruction, which is inappropriately quantitative, abstract and unrelated to the practical and creative aspects of design. The consequences of using this pedagogy are that many architecture students fail to master basic structural concepts, much less the more demanding aspects of practical application.
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/12/14 08:21

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