CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 101 to 120 of 595

_id sigradi2003_038
id sigradi2003_038
authors Pizzi, M., Donoso, M., Caviares, A., Alessandri, J. and Villalón, T.
year 2003
title Incorporación de Tecnologías de Modelado Espacial en un Curso Inicial de Formación de Arquitectos (Introduction of Space Modeling Technologies in an Initial Course of the Education of Architects)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary The incorporation of virtual technologies to the learning process in architectural design is still incipient, using graphic software mainly as a rendering tool late in the curriculum. This paper presents an experience carried out with first year studio students, at the School of Architecture of the University of Chile, in which the intention is to incorporate virtual learning as part of the process spatial modification thinking. Through the use of Form Z, friendly software to learn for beginners, applied for simple extrusions, geometric transformations as translation, rotation or scaling, and the transformation of geometries and proportions through the handling of topological levels of polygonal objects. Through increasingly complex exercises we developed an effective complement of a traditional design methodology.
series SIGRADI
email Mpizzi@uchile.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:57

_id sigradi2003_122
id sigradi2003_122
authors Ryan, John
year 2003
title Virtual2Reality: The Virtual Shift of the Geographer’s Exploration Paradigm
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary Virtual2Reality mapping is a remote desktop exploration of the world using world-view and plan-view perspectives similar to that used in the historical geographer paradigm of exploration, the use of maps in support of the physical exploration of specific world locales. This new virtual shift in the paradigm provides real time remote visualization and collaboration using digital panoramic images - mimetic renditions of realworld locales (especially those with limited accessibility). The procedure embeds these panoramic renditions at geographical referenced locales in digital plan-view maps to produce a 'Virtual2Reality' mapping construct. The structure facilitates collaborative spatial decision making by providing a common structure for all stakeholders.
keywords Virtual2Reality; geographic exploration paradigm; visualization; collaborative spatial decision support
series SIGRADI
email Jrav8@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id caadria2003_a2-1
id caadria2003_a2-1
authors Schira, Gretchen
year 2003
title Frequency Magnitude and Images of Texture Studies on Relationships to Human Preference
source CAADRIA 2003 [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 974-9584-13-9] Bangkok Thailand 18-20 October 2003, pp. 169-182
summary A relationship between spatial frequency magnitude and aesthetic preference for texture is established in this work. This paper examines the mean output of three frequency settings in terms of preference ratings for a bank of Gabor filters. Three studies were conducted and the correlations between aesthetic ratings and the mean output for the filter set to extract frequency content at the scale of 0.35 cycles/ pixel were robust. The correlations for the mean frequency magnitude of this filter remained significant when image identifiability was incorporated; suggesting that memory and association are not exclusively driving (aesthetic) preference. These results are consistent with findings reported by Albrecht and Geisler (1997), demonstrating that human beings are tuned to specific frequencies and orientations. Overall, the results reported in this paper begin to substantiate a claim that specific frequencies contained in images do play a significant role in human preference.
series CAADRIA
email g.schira@bk.tudelft.nl
last changed 2003/12/02 06:47

_id ijac20031403
id ijac20031403
authors Schnabel, Marc A.; Kvan, Thomas
year 2003
title Spatial Understanding in Immersive Virtual Environments
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 1 - no. 4
summary In this study, we examined the perception and understanding of spatial volumes within immersive and non-immersive virtual environments by comparison with representation using conventional media. We examined the relative effectiveness of these conditions in enabling the translation to a tangible representation, through a series of design experiments. Students experienced, assessed, and analysed spatial relationships of volumes and spaces and subsequently constructed real models of these spaces. The goal of our study is to identify how designers perceive space in Virtual Environments (VEs). We explore issues of quality, accuracy and understanding of reconstructing architectural space and forms. By comparison of the same spatial performance task undertaken within a Head Mounted Display, screen-based and real 2D environment, we are able to draw some conclusions about spatial understanding in immersive VE activity.
series journal
email marcaurel@hku.hk
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id caadria2003_a3-3
id caadria2003_a3-3
authors Schnabel, Marc Aurel
year 2003
title Creation and Translation Virtual 3D Architectural Environments
source CAADRIA 2003 [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 974-9584-13-9] Bangkok Thailand 18-20 October 2003, pp. 371-384
summary In this paper, we describe the research we undertake to investigate the perception and comprehension of spatial volumes within immersive, non-immersive virtual environments and physical models and their translation to a tangible representation. We set up two related design experiments to investigate the outcome of creation, interpretation and communication of architectural design. One, being the analysis of a cubic structure, based on three-dimensional (3D) interlocking volumes and spaces; and the other, being the design of a 3D-maze together with text -based communication. Collaboratively participants create, assess and analyse spatial relationships of volumes and spaces of a 3D maze structure or construct models of these spaces. The objective of our study is to identify how designers perceive space in Virtual Environments (VE) and communicate design ideas by using VE versa conventional methods of two-dimensional depictions such as paper and pen or 3D representations such as physical models. We investigate issues of quality, accuracy, understanding, communicating and rebuilding of designed or experienced architectural compositions.
series CAADRIA
email marcaurel@hku.hk
last changed 2003/12/02 06:47

_id ijac20031401
id ijac20031401
authors Seichter, Hartmut
year 2003
title Augmented Reality Aided Design
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 1 - no. 4
summary Ten years after Nielsen wrote about the "next generation interface" [1] we are still largely confined to WIMP [2] interfaces in design computing. A big question that lies ahead is 'Does the integration of computing technology through Augmented Reality help the formal design investigation process?' There are several suggestions that the conventional desktop metaphors are counter-intuitive for understanding spatial relationships [1, 3, 4]. Main concern is the mismatch in mapping of presentation and interface. Looking at other research areas, one can see that the application of Augmented Environments (AE) can enhance the speed of decision making [5] or creates better understanding of complex spatial arrangements [6] due to the fact that information is displayed where it occurs. Obviously, the representation and interaction is crucial for perceptive performance in design sketching as it is in AEs. This article will discuss a software prototype called sketchand+ and the implications of Augmented Reality for digital design.
series journal
email hartmut@technotecture.com
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id sigradi2003_008
id sigradi2003_008
authors Senagala, Mahesh
year 2003
title Deconstructing AutoCAD. Toward a Critical Theory of Software (in) Design
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary AutoCAD maintains a nearly 70% market share in the PC-based AEC sector and wields enormous influence over design and production processes in architectural firms and schools. Such an impact is, perhaps, more than what a single building can hope to achieve. The design implications of such a market monopoly are many. Based on Derridean operations of deconstruction, the paper will deconstruct AutoCAD's latent agenda. The paper will do a critical close reading of AutoCAD for its design preferences, spatial conceptions, worldviews, resistances, stratifications and organizational predispositions with respect to architectural design process. For purposes of brevity, this paper will focus on the architecture of AutoCAD's interface. The results of the paper would be the beginning of a critical theory that can be employed in the process of software design for design professions.
keywords AutoCAD, deconstruction, critical theory, software design
series SIGRADI
email mahesh@mahesh.org
last changed 2016/03/10 09:00

_id sigradi2003_046
id sigradi2003_046
authors Sperling, David
year 2003
title Diagrama e processo. O diagrama como processo (Diagram and process. The diagram as process)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary This work develops their ideas by means of the concept of topologic processual diagram. This threefold concept (topology, process, diagram) is investigated in different areas such Cognitive Science, Logic (Mathematics and Semiotics) and Philosophy, in order to enrich the analyse of its actuation in the field of Topology. In this analysis, the topologic processual diagram is described as an operative-representational medium of spatial structural relations (the object's topology), with three variables: thought, space and time. Finally, this concept is investigated within the realm of the project and representation in Architecture, building up a critical dialogue with diagrams, its use and reference, as performed by paradigmatic contemporary architects.
keywords Diagram, design process, topology, space, time
series SIGRADI
email sperling@sc.usp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id ecaade03_319_147_szalapaj
id ecaade03_319_147_szalapaj
authors Szalapaj, Peter J.
year 2003
title Architectural GIS: Interoperable and Integrated Information Environments
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 319-325
summary This paper investigates ways of bringing together the existing GIS techniques of spatial analysis with emerging object-based computer modelling and presentation methods. The end product is Architectural GIS: computer systems that can be applied to the analysis and evaluation of both rural and urban environments. The paper will focus on the various ways in which information is represented, and the spatial analysis techniques that form the basis of mainstream GIS.
series eCAADe
email p.szalapaj@sheffield.ac.uk
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id ecaade03_209_169_vasquez
id ecaade03_209_169_vasquez
authors Velasco, Guillermo Vasquez de
year 2003
title In The Development of VRML Environments for the Testing of Architectural Aptitude
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 209-212
summary Schools of architecture offer admission based on a score system that combines school grade point average (GPA) and standardized testing. Unfortunately, GPA values can give an indication on the academic aptitude of the student but they tend to fall short on describing the potential of the student as a designer. The same may be said of standardized tests that address general verbal, mathematical and analytical skills but lack an adequate framework for measuring all the skills that aid us in performing design processes. This paper will elaborate on the feasibility of developing an on-line testing environment that may address the assessment of fundamental 3-dimentional skills as an additional indicator of potential success in the field of architecture.
keywords Spatial Ability, Psychological Tests, VRML
series eCAADe
email vasquez@archone.tamu.edu
more http://taz.tamu.edu/architecture/faculty/guillermo/mainframe.html
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id bc3c
authors Weichselbaum, J., Hoffmann, Ch., Steinnocher, K. and Weigl, F.-St.
year 2003
title EO-PLAN-GIS Operational earth observation applications involving user communities on national and European level
source CORP 2003, Vienna University of Technology, 25.2.-28.2.2003 [Proceedings on CD-Rom]
summary The joint GeoVille/ARC Seibersdorf project EO-Plan-GIS has the objective of deriving Earth Observation (EO)/Geographic Information System (GIS) products for public and private customers (i.e. Austrian state governments and digital mapping industry). Representatives of three state administrations (i.e. Carynthia, Upper Austria and Vorarlberg) and of Tele Atlas (a commercial enterprise in the production of digital road databases) have been actively involved in the project activities. The major focus of the project is on the automated differentiation of built-up areas and the derivation of land use/cover data for both the state governments and Tele Atlas, as well as on the update and upgrade of the Tele Atlas road network. Using GIS methods, the EO-derived base data will be adapted to serve the individual user needs (i.e. Geographic State Information Systems and Tele Atlas MultiNet). EO-Plan-GIS was initiated by the Austrian Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology as a national initiative within theframework of the current GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) activities of ESA and the EU. It delivers inputs into the following GMES domains:• European Regional Monitoring, Subtopic A: Land cover change in Europe, characterisation of land cover changes (1950 –2000) in the EU with particular emphasis on landscapes and urban areas.• Horizontal Support Action – Information Management Tools & the Development of a European Spatial Data“Infostructure”.
series other
email weichselbaum@geoville.com
last changed 2003/03/11 19:39

_id sigradi2005_731
id sigradi2005_731
authors Albornoz Delgado, Humberto Ángel; Laura Talía Escalante Rodríguez, Leticia Gallegos Cazares
year 2005
title Didactic Design: light and optics for preschool level
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 731-737
summary Since 2003, we have been developing a pedagogic proposal and didactic material for teaching Light and Optics to kindergarden children that enhances the construction of the first scientific thinking schemes. The design (industrial and graphic) applied to this project has generated an educational product composed of 44 objects. These materials allow teaching concepts such as: combination of colors, light indispensable to see, formation of shadows and images are not objects. These have been developed as inciters of curiosity, capable to awake the innate restlessness of children, achieving to stimulate their creativity. The purpose is to explore knowledge and construct their own ideas; enrich their experiences and inquire a reality that was drawn grey and tedious, generating a process of manipulation-action and then representation-conceptualization. This product has been successfully used as a pilot test in a kindergarden, reflecting significant gains in students’ science learning. [Full paper in Spanish]
series SIGRADI
email albornoz@servidor.unam.mx
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ecaade03_627_98_bailey
id ecaade03_627_98_bailey
authors Bailey, Rohan
year 2003
title The Student, The Master and The Computer
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 627-630
summary Architectural education has often been criticised for producing students that seem to lack the practical knowledge needed to create architecture that is fit for purpose, safe and a delight to users. Unfortunately, owing to the complexities of society, technology, practice and academia, design teachers are struggling to balance the teaching of basic practical concerns for making architecture with teaching students how to think critically and abstractly. This paper suggests a resolution that places the computer at the center of the relationship between student and tutor. It suggests a digital teaching tool that detects and interprets the marks students make when sketching. The digital design coach then presents the student with related issues allowing a comprehensive reading of the digital sketch. The student, more aware of the issues involved, engages in more intelligent and wellinformed dialogue with tutor.
keywords Digital Sketching; Design Education; Design Computing
series eCAADe
email rohanbailey@hotmail.com
last changed 2003/11/22 08:52

_id cf2003_m_040
id cf2003_m_040
authors BAY, Joo-Hwa
year 2003
title Making Rebuttals Available Digitally for Minimising Biases in Mental Judgements
source Digital Design - Research and Practice [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-1210-1] Tainan (Taiwan) 13–15 October 2003, pp. 147-156
summary The problem of heuristic biases (illusions) discussed by Tversky and Kahneman (1982) that can lead to errors in judgement by human designers, when they use precedent knowledge presented graphically (Bay 2001). A Cognitive framework of belief, goal, and decision, and a framework of representation of architectural knowledge by Tzonis are used to map out the problem of heuristic biases in the human mind. These are used to discuss what aspects of knowledge can be presented explicitly and digitally to users to make rebuttal more available for human thinking at the cognitive level. The discussion is applicable to both inductive and analytic digital knowledge systems that use precedent knowledge. This discussion is targeted directly at means of addressing bias in the human mind using digital means. The problem of human bias in machine learning and generalisation are discussed in a different paper, and the problems of international or non-intentional machine bias are not part of discussion in this paper.
keywords analogy, bias, design thinking, environmental design, heuristics
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2003/11/22 06:26

_id sigradi2003_000
id sigradi2003_000
authors Carmena, Sonia and Utgés, Raúl (eds.)
year 2003
title SiGradi2003
source Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics Graphics / ISBN 987-9459-51-2] Rosario (Argentina) 5-7 november 2003, 411 p.
summary The conference topic "Digital Culture & Difference" encourages creative and critical inquiries about the idea of measuring differences within and between culture manifestations of digital age towards new information for knowledge completion. Submitted work may address this topic or other significant aspect of Digital Media. Type of Work Categories: 1- Completed work; 2- Work in-progress; 3- Graphic or visual works (posters). Areas of Inquiry: Design; Architecture, Cinematography; Arts; etc. Focus:  Professional applications; Academic experiences; Scientific research; Theory, epistemology, philosophy; Project, design, communication; Environment, preservation, sustainability; Technology, tools, media; etc.
series SIGRADI
email soniacarmena@arnet.com.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id sigradi2003_088
id sigradi2003_088
authors Carrara, Gianfranco and Fioravanti, Antonio
year 2003
title Needs Requirements Performances Vs Goals Constraints Values in Collaborative Architectural Design
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary The following is a report on an on-going research study aimed at defining a support system for Collaborative Design in architecture. This paper concisely shows the latest results. In the present report the emphasis is laid on the relations among the operators and their different goals. We studied the preliminary phase of the architectural design, for which we defined a model and implemented a software system. The validity of the software system does not decrease when it is extended to the remaining design phases. The goal of the research is to improve collaboration among operators.
keywords Collaborative Architectural Design, Knowledge Engineering, Design Goals, Constraints, Conflicts Reduction
series SIGRADI
email gianfranco.carrara@uniroma1.it
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id cf2003_m_103
id cf2003_m_103
authors CHANG, T.-W., WOODBURY, R. and DATTA, S.
year 2003
title Interactive Mapping between Knowledge Level and Symbol Level with Geometry. A KL-Model for Design Space Exploration
source Digital Design - Research and Practice [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-1210-1] Tainan (Taiwan) 13–15 October 2003, pp. 157-166
summary Design space exploration is long-standing motivating ideas in computer-aided design. It realises this vision through a model of design states for making and moving amongst states and an organisation of states into a structure called a design space. Using a design space structuring mechanism based on a subsumption relation, this paper sketches a theory called Geometric Typed Feature Structures (GTFS) to preserve the formal properties of the design space movement algorithms for geometry. It also provides the theory for incorporation of user-guided exploration in the design space. Consequently, the clear division between knowledge level and symbol level, such that functional decomposition •• formal symbol level and design •• model symbol level, disappears. We can therefore use the same subsumption relation to structure the design space exploration interactively. Such interactive mapping between knowledge level and symbol level provides the fine-grained opportunities for user intervention in formal design space movement algorithms. In this paper, we summarize this approach with an example of GTFS subsumption process.
keywords design space, geometric description, knowledge level, subsumption, unfolding
series CAAD Futures
email rob_woodbury@sfu.ca
last changed 2003/09/22 10:21

_id caadria2003_b2-4
id caadria2003_b2-4
authors Cheng, Min Ming
year 2003
title Intelligent Island, Intelligent Practice? The Effects of National IT Policies on the Architectural Profession in Singapore
source CAADRIA 2003 [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 974-9584-13-9] Bangkok Thailand 18-20 October 2003, pp. 263-278
summary Historically, the discipline of Architecture experiences time lags in its incorporation of novel philosophical ideas, technology, social ideas and so on, thanks to the inertia brought about by the building process of any built space. So, how has this concrete entrenched discipline taken on the business of Information Technology in this Information Age? In a 99% wired up 'Intelligent Island' with the national IT master plans created every 5-10 years, how has architectural practices adapted to these changes? What are the factors surrounding IT in architectural firms and how does this affect their adoption of IT. What role should architecture play in a 'Knowledge Economy'?
series CAADRIA
email m.cheng1@pgrad.unimelb.edu.au
last changed 2003/12/02 06:47

_id caadria2003_b4-2
id caadria2003_b4-2
authors Choi, Jin Won and Park, Jae Wan
year 2003
title Developing a Building Design Compiler that Frequently evaluates Building Design Performance within the Design Process
source CAADRIA 2003 [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 974-9584-13-9] Bangkok Thailand 18-20 October 2003, pp. 553-566
summary This paper demonstrates an experience in the development of a design performance evaluation system that can frequently evaluate building design performance within the design process in a real-time manner. The evaluation system, that we call "design compiler," is composed of several modules such as a front-end component-based CAD engine, a knowledge base, and a set of design agents. The notion of the design compiler is quite similar to a compiler for computer programming such as a C compiler. While a computer programmer compiles a set of programming codes to check compiling errors during the implementation of a software system, an architectural designer can 'compile' his/her intermediate design product to evaluate design errors during the design process. The compilation can be done immediately at any level or any time during the design process in a real-time manner. We expect that this compiling process will dramatically increase design feedbacks, and thus result in a better design product. Further research issues that have been identified at the end of the research include increasing the modeling capability, extending to multi-story building representation, developing various design agents, exploring better ways to request and manage design knowledge, and supporting design collaboration.
series CAADRIA
email jchoi@yonsei.ac.kr, pelli@yonsei.ac.kr
last changed 2003/12/02 06:47

_id sigradi2003_010
id sigradi2003_010
authors Curcio, Esteban
year 2003
title Projekct Uno - De Bono y el Rinoceronte (Project One - Of Bond and the Rhino)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary Information Technologies are part of our daily lives - use of terminologies, interphases, interactions, etc -. By the time a student goes into university has a potential, intuitive, dispersed and none valued knowledge on the matter. Using this as a starting point, the experience related below has an equipment of first year students"of" Industrial Design as protagonists, gathered in order to learn 3D modeling, simultaneously to the implementation of project methodologies and techniques of creativity for the development of concepts and ideas.
keywords Technological project, Innovation, Modeled 3D
series SIGRADI
email crimson@ciudad.com.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

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