CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 599

_id ecaade03_369_112_akgun
id ecaade03_369_112_akgun
authors Akgun, Yenal
year 2003
title An Interactive Database (HizmO) for Reconstructing Lost Modernist Izmir:
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 369-372
summary The research project in progress in the School of Architecture at the Izmir Institute of Technology includes documentation and reconstruction (by 3D modeling in electronic media) of damaged and lost early modern buildings in the Izmir region. The research aims to analyze the differences between Izmir modern buildings and Universal Modern Style, and preserve information on architectural heritage for future generations. The project is at the phase of developing an interactive web-based historical database (HizmO) that includes data (information, images, technical drawings, VRML models) and visualization of the findings. This database aims to be a pioneer in Mediterranean Region for exhibition of relations between traditional architecture (especially Mediterranean locality) and modernism, and organization of a network and off-campus learning activity for Mediterranean architecture that serve as a guide for students, researchers and architects. This paper aims at introducing this research and discussing the application of the database “HizmO,” its aims and potential effects on education in architectural history.
keywords E-learning, educational database, architectural history, VRML
series eCAADe
email yenalakgun@iyte.edu.tr
last changed 2003/11/22 08:50

_id ecaade03_099_18_reichard
id ecaade03_099_18_reichard
authors Reichard, G., Al-Mumin, A. and Papamichael, K.
year 2003
title INSTRUCTOR - Let the Experts Guide the Use of Simulation Software
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 99-102
summary A new guidance concept is presented, which encourages third parties, like educators, to provide additional, comprehensive information to users of highly complex (e.g. simulation-) software, helping them to flatten the steep learning curve by understanding the impact of decisions made during the input/design process.
keywords Software; Simulation; Education; Instruction; Guidance
series eCAADe
email kostas@ucla.edu
more http://eetd.lbl.gov/BT
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id ecaade2010_017
id ecaade2010_017
authors Hemsath, Timothy L.
year 2010
title Searching for Innovation Through Teaching Digital Fabrication
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.21-30
summary The use of digital fabrication in the discourse and education of architectural students has become a common skill in many schools of architecture. There is a growing demand for computer-aided design (CAD) skills, computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) logic, programming and fabrication knowledge in student education. The relevance of fabrication tools for architecture and design education goes beyond mere competence and can pursue innovation in what Branko Koleravic (2003) observed, “The digital age has radically reconfigured the relationship between conception and production, creating a direct digital link between what can be conceived and what can be built through “file-to-factory” processes of computer numerically controlled (CNC) fabrication”. However, there has been very little written about what students are actually learning through digital fabrication courses and the relevance of the skills required for innovation in the field of digital fabrication.
wos WOS:000340629400001
keywords CAD; CAM; Pedagogy; Curriculum
series eCAADe
email themsath3@unl.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade03_547_138_ibrahim
id ecaade03_547_138_ibrahim
authors Ibrahim, M., Krawczyk, R. and Schipporeit, G.
year 2003
title CAD Smart Objects: Potentials and Limitations
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 547-552
summary For many years, CAD software depended on entity objects that were manipulated and interpreted by the user as meaningful symbols. These entities only represented the geometrical aspect of the design, but never had knowledge of what they are, or how to behave. With the new CAD systems, this concept has changed into the smart CAD objects. The smart objects will automatically provide all the data related to it: geometry, materials, specifications, price, as well as manufacturers and theoretically any related data. Creating new objects is not an easy straightforward job, and requires more programming skills than previously needed. Taking into consideration the relative difficulties in learning to modify and create new CAD objects, this might lead to a new branch of learning, as the architecture students might not only need to learn how to use the CAD packages but also how to program it in a way that makes them capable of doing what they want rather than doing what the package allow them to do.
keywords Objects; object oriented programming
series eCAADe
email krawczyk@iit.edu
more http://www.iit.edu/~Ibramag
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id ijac20031104
id ijac20031104
authors Petric, Jelena; Ucelli, Giuliana; Conti, Giuseppe
year 2003
title Real Teaching and Learning through Virtual Reality
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 1 - no. 1
summary This paper addresses an articulated vision of Virtual Reality, which lends itself to design collaboration in teaching, learning and communication of architectural design ideas among students, design professionals and client bodies during the early stages of the design process. Virtual Reality (VR) has already acquired a new degree of complexity through development of network-based virtual communities and the use of avatars. A key intrinsic quality of VR technology is to support collaborative design experience. The design tools developed for this experiment are capable of creating 3D objects in a shared VR environment, thus allowing the design and its evolution to be shared.The choice of programming language (JavaTM) reflects the desire to achieve scalability and hardware independence, which in turn allows for the creation of a VR environment that can co-exist between high-end supercomputers and standard PCs. The prototype design environment was tested using PC workstations and an SGI system running in a Reality Centre.
series journal
email j.petric@strath.ac.uk
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id sigradi2003_039
id sigradi2003_039
authors Balmaceda, María Isabel and Malmod, Alicia Violeta
year 2003
title Multimedia ¡Alerta SISMO!: Prevención Sísmica en la Escuela (Multimedia "EARTHQUAKE Alert!": Sìsmic Prevention in the School)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary Alerta SISMO is a multimedia developed as a didactic tool in order to teach Seismic Prevention at the elementary school. It intends to improve the performance of traditional tools not only due to the digital support but also because of the didactic proposal. It has been designed to be used by qualified teachers who could guide pupils in their building knoledgement process. The value of this product lies in using computer resources, animation, video, images and sound, whith a didactic intention.
series SIGRADI
email marbalma@farqui.unsj.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ecaade2014_147
id ecaade2014_147
authors James Charlton and Markus Brune
year 2014
title Towards a dynamic evacuation system: developing methodologies to simulate the evacuation capabilities of subway stations in response to a terrorist attack with CBRNE weapons
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 109-118
summary Events in recent times have highlighted the vulnerability of underground public transportation to possible terrorist attacks. A key question therefore is how an evacuation can be accomplished from underground stations safely. The strategy “go up and take the nearest exit to the surface” might not be the best response. Evidence from the Daegu subway station fire in 2003, investigated by Tsujimoto (2003) and Jeon and Hong (2009) establish that smoke or toxic airborne substances from a terrorist attack tend to use the same direct routes used by the fleeing passengers and as result significant injuries or fatalities can occur. This study proposes the concept of a dynamic evacuation system which would guide subway users along safe routes. To test how this system may operate, the study discussed combines measurements from tracer gas experiments with climate measurements to establish how toxic agents spread in subway stations under certain conditions and combines these results with those from pedestrian simulations applied to calculate evacuation times for possible escape routes. By integrating the resulting dataset from these methods, an evidence base of how a dynamic evacuation system may work can start to form.
wos WOS:000361384700010
keywords Pedestrian simulation, subway climatology; cbrne; subway evacuation; tracer gas experiments
series eCAADe
email j.charlton@northumbria.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade03_165_201_oxman
id ecaade03_165_201_oxman
authors Oxman, Rivka
year 2003
title Being There: Architectural Metaphors in the Design of Virtual Place
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 165-168
summary The paper reports on a research program to define the issues and strategies involved in the design of virtual architecture. Issues and categories of virtual architecture are identified and classified. An approach to the design of virtual place is derived from a large body of emerging literature as well as from the analysis of case-studies. We demonstrate and discuss how paradigms of physical design may be applied to support the needs of design for cyber-place. We attempt to define intrinsically digital possibilities for interface design that are not based upon a direct analogy to physical space. The findings in the form of alternative development possibilities and design guidelines may provide a guide to the field of virtual architecture, to its definition, design issues, and potential strategies.
keywords Cyberspace, cyber-place, virtual architecture
series eCAADe
email arrro01@techunix.technion.ac.il
more http://www.technion.ac.il/~oxman
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id cf2011_p163
id cf2011_p163
authors Park, Hyoung-June
year 2011
title Mass-Customization in the Design of 4,000 Bus Stops
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 265-278.
summary In Hawaii, ‚"TheBus‚" has been a main transportation system since 1971. Considering the high cost of living in Hawaii and the absence of a rail system, the use of ‚"TheBus‚" has been an instrumental vein of the city life in Honolulu with rhythmical pauses at about 4,000 bus stops in Honolulu. However, existing undifferentiated bus stops are developed from a cost effective mass production system so that they have been problematic for satisfying specific needs from various site conditions. In this research, an integrated computational method of mass-customization for designing 4,000 bus stops is introduced. According to various site conditions, the design of each bus stop is customized. Unlike the mass‚Äêproduced bus stops commonly seen in cities today, the proposed computational method in this paper produces bus stop design outcomes that fit into the physical characteristics of the location in which they are installed. Mass-customization allows for the creation and production of unique or similar buildings and building components, differentiated through digitally‚Äêcontrolled variation (Kolarevic, 2003). The employment of a computational mass‚Äêcustomization in architectural design extends the boundary of design solutions to the satisfaction of multi-objective requirements and unlimited freedom to search alternative solutions (Duarte, 2001; Caldas, 2006). The computational method developed in this paper consists of 1) definition of a prototype, 2) parametric variation, 3) manual deformation, and 4) simulation based deformation. The definition of a prototype is the development of a basic design to be transformed for satisfying various conditions given from a site. In this paper, the bus stop prototype is developed from the analysis of more than 300 bus stops and the categorization of the existing bus stops according to their physical conditions, contextual conditions, climatic conditions, and existing amenities. Based upon the outcome of the analysis, the design variables of a bus stop prototype are defined. Those design variables then guide the basic physical parameters for changing the physical configuration of the prototype according to a given site. From this, many possible design outcomes are generated as instances for further developments. The process of manual deformation is where the designer employs its intuition to develop the selected parametric variation. The designer is compelled to think about the possible implication derived from formal variation. This optional process allows every design decision to have a creative solution from an individual designer with an incidental quality in aesthetics, but substantiated functional quality. Finally the deformation of the selection is guided and controlled by the influence of sun direction/ exposure to the selection. The simulation based deformation starts with the movement of the sun as the trigger for generating the variations of the bus stop prototype. The implementation of the computational method was made within the combination of MEL (Maya Enbedded Language), autodesk MAYA and Ecotect environment.
keywords mass-customization, parametric variation, simulation based deformation
series CAAD Futures
email hjpark@hawaii.edu
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id steino-thesis
id steino-thesis
authors Steinø, Nicolai
year 2003
title Vision, Plan and Reality
source Aarhus: Aarhus School of Architecture, PhD Thesis
summary How come, that there is often a gap between what is considered good urban design and the built reality of the urban environment? This is the question which the thesis aims to investigate. It has often been stated that urban development can no longer be controlled, and the reason for this has been ascribed, among other things, to the power of the market, postmodern pluralism, or simply to the increased complexity of society. Yet, to decline on the capacity of urban design to guide urban development on such accounts, is to give up on urban design altogether. Rather, if urban design is incapable of achieving what it is aiming at, something must be wrong with it. Thus, the basic argument of the thesis is, that the answer to this question must be sought within urban design itself, rather than within the context in which it operates. In order to approach the research question, the thesis is organized as a twofold investigation, consisting of both an empirical study of the practice of urban design – in the form of a detailed case study of two urban development histories – and a study of the theoretical foundations for this practice. As urban design is regarded as an interdisciplinary activity, the theoretical study is organized as a threefold investigation of urban design theory, planning theory, as well as urban theory. As urban design in practice must consider what the built environment should be like as well as how it is developed, it must include normative as well as procedural considerations. Thus, the issues of normativity and process are central to the understanding of urban design. These issues therefore constitute the foci of both the empirical and the theoretical study.
series thesis:PhD
email steino@aod.aau.dk
last changed 2005/09/09 10:58

_id caadria2003_c2-3
id caadria2003_c2-3
authors Wittkopf, Stephen K. and Huang, Yi Chun
year 2003
title Web-Based Computational Design Support Tools Use of Lighting and Energy Performance Simulation and Web-Based Visualization for Energy Integrated Architectural Design
source CAADRIA 2003 [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 974-9584-13-9] Bangkok Thailand 18-20 October 2003, pp. 307-322
summary The paper proposes a new methodology how computational lighting and energy performance simulations and web based visualization tools can be employed to support energy integrated architectural design. By studying the current limitations of integrating simulation tools in the design process, the hypotheses of a web-based design guide attempts to establish computational simulation and visualization tools as a value adding part of the design process as well as contribute to the architect's understanding and concerns of energy relationships in buildings. The developed design guide attempts to address the identified limitations by making the actual simulations transparent to the designer physically and figuratively, the latter involving the studying of how to present data as useful information to the designer in post-processing techniques with special focus webbased visualizations.
series CAADRIA
email akiskw@nus.edu.sg
last changed 2003/12/02 06:47

_id sigradi2003_121
id sigradi2003_121
authors Alvarado, Rodrigo García, Castillo, Gino Alvarez
year 2003
title Técnicas Cinematográficas para las Animaciones Arquitectónicas (Film-making techniques for Architectural Animations)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary The paper presents film techniques for the expressive development of architectural animations, based on a graphic analysis of productions related to architecture (famous movies, documentaries of buildings and contemporary animations). This study is revealing some cinematographic concepts such as the dynamic composition of image, diversity of camera's positions, control of movements and rhythmic montage of shots that support a meaningful presentation of buildings. Also it suggests the geometric programming of movements and influences in the architectural design.
keywords Animation, Cinematography, Movement
series SIGRADI
email rgarcia@ubiobio.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id acadia03_022
id acadia03_022
authors Anders, Peter
year 2003
title Towards Comprehensive Space: A context for the programming/design of cybrids
source Connecting >> Crossroads of Digital Discourse [Proceedings of the 2003 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-12-8] Indianapolis (Indiana) 24-27 October 2003, pp. 161-171
summary Cybrids have been presented as mixed realities: spatial, architectural compositions comprised of physical and cyberspaces (Anders 1997). In order to create a rigorous approach to the design of architectural cybrids, this paper offers a model for programming their spaces. Other than accepting cyberspaces as part of architecture’s domain, this approach is not radical. Indeed, many parts of program development resemble those of conventional practice. However, the proposition that cyberspaces should be integrated with material structures requires that their relationship be developed from the outset of a project. Hence, this paper provides a method for their integration from the project’s earliest stages, the establishment of its program. This study for an actual project, the Planetary Collegium, describes a distributed campus comprising buildings and cyberspaces in various locales across the globe. The programming for these cybrids merges them within a comprehensive space consisting not only of the physical and cyberspaces, but also in the cognitive spaces of its designers and users.
series ACADIA
email ptr@mindspace.net
last changed 2003/11/27 14:21

_id ijac20031304
id ijac20031304
authors Bustos, Gabriela L.; Burgos, Ivan P.
year 2003
title Virtual Menus on VRML
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 1 - no. 3
summary The Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) has allowed the expansion of resources and possibilities for architectural applications. In order to take even more advantage of VRML, we developed an application of virtual menus within VRML using Java Script as a first step to the creation of a Synthetic Environment Laboratory for architectural design. This paper briefly presents the criteria used to define the menus, the utilization of Visual Basic programming to allow the addition of said virtual menus to any file with extension *. wrl, specific examples of applicability of the menus developed, and how they were inserted in a methodological model of architectural design.
series journal
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id 1101
id 1101
authors Calderon, C., Cavazza M. and Diaz, D.
year 2003
title A NEW APPROACH TO THE INTERACTIVE RESOLUTION OF CONFIGURATION PROBLEMS IN VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS
source 3rd International Symposium on Smart Graphics, Heidelberg, Germany, 2-4, July 2003. http://www.smartgraphics.org/ . Proceedings published by Springer: Lectures notes in Artificial Intelligence.
summary Intelligent Virtual Environments integrate AI techniques with 3D real-time environments. As such, they can support interactive problem solving, provided the underlying AI techniques can produce solutions within a time frame matching that of user interaction. In this paper, we describe an intelligent virtual environment based on Constraint Logic Programming (CLP), integrated in a real-time 3D graphic environment. We have developed an event-based ap-proach through which user interaction can be converted in real-time into appro-priate solver queries which are then translated back into automatic reconfigura-tions of the Virtual Environment (VE). Additionally, this framework supports the interactive exploration of the solution space in which alternative solutions (configurations) can be found. We demonstrate the system behaviour on a con-figuration example. This example illustrates how solutions can be interactively refined by the user through direct manipulation of objects in the VE and how the interactive search of alternative solutions in the VE is supported by these type of systems.
keywords Artificial Intelligence, Virtual Environments, Constraint Programming
series other
type normal paper
email carlos.calderon@ncl.ac.uk
last changed 2005/12/02 10:34

_id c5c5
id c5c5
authors Calderon, C., Cavazza M. and Diaz, D.
year 2003
title A NEW APPROACH TO VIRTUAL DESIGN FOR SPATIAL CONFIGURATION PROBLEMS,
source 7th IEEE International Information Visualisation Conference, London, UK, 16-17 July 2003. http://www.graphicslink.demon.co.uk/IV03/
summary In this paper, we present a new framework for the use of Virtual Reality (VR) in engineering design for configuration applications. Traditional VR systems support the visual exploration of a design solution but do not assist the user in exploring alternative solutions based on domain knowledge. Extending previous work in the area of Intelligent Virtual Environment, we propose an intelligent configuration system based on constraint logic programming (CLP), integrated in a real-time 3D graphic environment. This type of integration facilitates the expression of design knowledge in the VE and enables the user to interactively solve and/or refine a spatial configuration problem. In the system described in this paper, the user can visually explore configurations, but his interaction with objects of the configuration problem triggers new cycles of constraint propagation from the modified configuration to produce a new compatible solution.
keywords Virtual Reality, Virtual Design
series other
type normal paper
email carlos.calderon@ncl.ac.uk
last changed 2005/12/02 10:31

_id acadia03_033
id acadia03_033
authors Ceccato, Cristiano
year 2003
title From Emergence of Form to the Forming of Logic
source Connecting >> Crossroads of Digital Discourse [Proceedings of the 2003 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-12-8] Indianapolis (Indiana) 24-27 October 2003, pp. 254-255
summary Driven by digital design tools and production methods, the interplay of theory and practice in architecture is converging on the notion of process. Process definition and process tools are now an essential part of design, design development, fabrication and construction. The word process itself can be interpreted in different ways, as being deterministic or non-deterministic. Computer programming can be understood as a design process and a structuring mechanism. Rather than making finite designs (products), architects are beginning to understand their roles as toolmakers, developing algorithmic processes that incorporate constraints and intents into software / procedures / programming. New methodologies such as parametric-associative design hierarchies are a clear example of semantic design structuring (a form of grammatical ordering); the creation of hierarchical parametric models can be understood as a form of visual programming. In a deterministic sense, it can be argued that if a process is correct and critical, then by definition so will be the product.
series ACADIA
email chrisc@foga.com
last changed 2003/10/30 15:20

_id ecaade03_465_118_chase
id ecaade03_465_118_chase
authors Chase, Scott C.
year 2003
title Revisiting the use of generative design tools in the early stages of design education
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 465-472
summary Computer based generative design tools can help elucidate the nature of design, but are often restricted in their scope due to implementation issues. These ‘toy’ applications are often developed as proof of concept software, but have the potential to serve as teaching aids in early design education. A number of such tools will be described and the case made for their continued use in design education.
keywords Generative design tools, design education, computer programming, parametric variation, shape grammars
series eCAADe
email s.c.chase@strath.ac.uk
more http://homepages.strath.ac.uk/~cas01101
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id ecaade03_659_166_hungming
id ecaade03_659_166_hungming
authors Cheng, Hung-Ming
year 2003
title A digital modeling with reasoning system in early phase of design
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 659-664
summary This study describes statue in the early phase of design, the approach taken by its conceptual development and manipulation. And on the developing digital tools provide a computational support for the process of indexing and retrieving. The digital modeling also addresses specifically architectural programming, adjacent relationship between the building element and articulation in designing. The overall in building mass development starting with reasoning of the conceptual model in early phase try to find evocative cases to help designer thinking. And finally discuss some issues and challenges of artificial intelligent. The research for representing designer’s creativity and searching solution provide another way to generate an articulating conceptual model. The integration approach of research starts with the pure case-based and rule-based reasoning system to help designer generate more understandable and creative product in the architectural design application.
keywords Case-based reasoning, conceptual model, computer aided design, buildingmass development, design process
series eCAADe
email hungmc@mail.ckitc.edu.tw
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id caadria2003_b4-2
id caadria2003_b4-2
authors Choi, Jin Won and Park, Jae Wan
year 2003
title Developing a Building Design Compiler that Frequently evaluates Building Design Performance within the Design Process
source CAADRIA 2003 [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 974-9584-13-9] Bangkok Thailand 18-20 October 2003, pp. 553-566
summary This paper demonstrates an experience in the development of a design performance evaluation system that can frequently evaluate building design performance within the design process in a real-time manner. The evaluation system, that we call "design compiler," is composed of several modules such as a front-end component-based CAD engine, a knowledge base, and a set of design agents. The notion of the design compiler is quite similar to a compiler for computer programming such as a C compiler. While a computer programmer compiles a set of programming codes to check compiling errors during the implementation of a software system, an architectural designer can 'compile' his/her intermediate design product to evaluate design errors during the design process. The compilation can be done immediately at any level or any time during the design process in a real-time manner. We expect that this compiling process will dramatically increase design feedbacks, and thus result in a better design product. Further research issues that have been identified at the end of the research include increasing the modeling capability, extending to multi-story building representation, developing various design agents, exploring better ways to request and manage design knowledge, and supporting design collaboration.
series CAADRIA
email jchoi@yonsei.ac.kr, pelli@yonsei.ac.kr
last changed 2003/12/02 06:47

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