CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 81 to 100 of 599

_id sigradi2003_112
id sigradi2003_112
authors Debona, Silvia
year 2003
title La representación dentro de la representación (The Representation within the Representation)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary A reflection about of the concepts Reality and Virtuality from the analysis of mirror's use in selected works of Van Eyck, Velázquez, Magritte and Pistoletto, taking like central idea the relation model-representation and its projection on the artistic expressions arisen from the technology.
series SIGRADI
email sdebona@andamio.freeservers.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id ijac20031303
id ijac20031303
authors Donath, Dirk; Richter, Katharina; Hansen, Stefan
year 2003
title Internet based support for architectural planning processes
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 1 - no. 3
summary As building projects become increasingly more complex, the number of project participants grows as does their spatial distribution. An effective decentralised work process and co-operation is of increasing importance. The global computer network, the internet, has great potential and recent times have seen the development of a variety of techniques in this field. The project described here is based upon this approach and also takes it a step further. A specific analysis of the topic and the subsequent identification of potential approaches formed the basis for an architectural application that brings the architect in contact with other project participants using the internet as a powerful yet simple and easy to use medium.
series journal
email donath@architektur.uni-weimar.de
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id 6915
authors Dorninger, Peter
year 2003
title XML Technologies and Geodata
source CORP 2003, Vienna University of Technology, 25.2.-28.2.2003 [Proceedings on CD-Rom]
summary Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing are very important methods for acquisition of geodata. During the previous decade, severalrevolutionary changes occurred in this area. Until the appearance of automated image analysis tools, it was necessary to measureselected points in the images given. At that time, it was much faster and even cheaper to get images of real world objects compared tothe time and money consuming process of manual analyses. So one tried to minimize this effort by measuring only characteristicpoints such as edges, break-lines, peaks and valleys and, for sure, a grid with a given grid step which was selected to meet the efforts.Lots of information in the images was neglected.Digital point matching algorithms and airborne laser scanning provide many new possibilities. The only restriction on spatialresolution is the one of the used sensors. Given a more precise image sensor, the matching algorithm will be able to match moresurface points; given a higher frequency laser scanner, more points can be measured of the same area. And those sensors get moreand more precise every day. Besides, those techniques allow for fast repetition which is necessary to create time series as a basis for4D modeling! However, this fact is accompanied by several problems concerning the capability of available computers. Some years ago, as the first ideas of 3D city models arose, it was very difficult to acquire the necessary data. Today the new sensors and methods have thenecessary capability, but we are not able to handle the available datasets efficiently, because of shortcomings in the past. In a time ofworld wide data exchange through the internet and global datasets, it is necessary to have efficient methods and algorithms tomanage the available data. There is a need for international, vendor independent data exchange and management standards that haveto be accepted and supported by the industry. This article is going to present several methods of data encoding using standardized data formats based on eXtensible Markup Language (XML). After an introduction to this kind of data encoding, two derived applications for management, storage and presentation of geodata are described. As XML data is written in text format, the datasets have the ability to become rather long.Therefore some promising methods to reduce the amount of data are introduced afterwards. XML documents are mainly used fordata exchange between databases. Therefore the capabilities of commonly used database systems for storage of geodata are describedin the end and current implementation results of the Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (I.P.F.) are presented.
series other
email pdo@ipf.tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2003/03/11 19:39

_id ecaade03_567_96_newton
id ecaade03_567_96_newton
authors D’souza, Newton and Talbott, Newton
year 2003
title The (Non) Relation between Efficiency and Choice of Computer tools in Design Modeling: An Automated Protocol Analysis
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 567-574
summary There exists a fundamental belief among mainstream CAAD software developers that a designer’s thought process is mainly driven towards achieving optimum efficiency. This paper argues that designers are not as much concerned with efficiency as much as protecting their personal preference for a certain method of object construction. Identifying and providing support to these methods - referred to here as ‘methods-ofmaking,’ is hence considered vital to how design efficiency is defined and how future CAAD tools are created. This hypothesis is empirically supported through a study conducted among 30 design students at the School of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee.
keywords Computer tools, efficiency, design modeling, methods-of-making, preference
series eCAADe
email nsdsouza@uwm.edu
more http://www.uwm.edu/~nsdsouza
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id caadria2003_a6-2
id caadria2003_a6-2
authors Embi, M. Hamid, M. and Rafi, A.
year 2003
title Learning Basic Principles of Fire Regulations An Experimental Teaching and Learning Tool
source CAADRIA 2003 [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 974-9584-13-9] Bangkok Thailand 18-20 October 2003, pp. 771-786
summary The study on integrating fire regulations into the design process is described through several study and analysis. However not all of them address the real issue of which fire regulation are difficult to be considered at the early stage of the design process. There are few factors on which fire regulation was not being considered at the early stage of the design. Two strong factors are the complexity of the regulations and the lack of knowledge among architects about fire regulations. Therefore fire requirements are always considered towards the end of the design process. This paper intends to address about the issue of difficulties in fire regulations and how we think these can be solve. We also design a system that can be used either by students or architects to understand the principles of the regulations and its applications in the design process. Finally a prototype system is demonstrated on how we envisage the system that can be used to help architects integrate fire regulations at the early stage of design process.
series CAADRIA
email b-rashid@utm.my
last changed 2003/12/02 06:47

_id a2de
id a2de
authors Gao, Song; Kvan, Thomas
year 2003
title AN ANALYSIS OF PROBLEM FRAMING ACTIVITIES IN DIGITAL VERSUS PAPER MEDIA
source Architectural Education, Southeast University, Nanjing, China, December 2003, pp. 183-189
summary Architectural design is described in part as the solving of ill-defined or wicked problems. In these activities, designers are not only simply given well-stated problems but also need to find and formulate problems. This process is called as ‘problem framing’. Paper media have been for many years the design tools used by designers to help them engage, and hence frame, problems. Computer technologies have gained prominence in design processes but have typically been used in discrete problem solving processes or in presentation. It has been stated that problem exploration is more difficult using a computer tool. This attitude has influenced the teaching and use of computers in architectural education. The purpose of this study is to understand how digital and paper media are used respectively in ‘problem framing’ activities in support of students’ design learning. This paper reports a pilot laboratory study to test the validity of a proposed coding scheme comparing design activities using digital and paper media and report initial results of the research. Through this research we wish to gain insight of ways in which students engage in ‘problem framing’ activities using different media and suggest ways in which digital media might better support problem framing activities.
keywords Problem framing; digital design; protocol analysis; studio teaching
series other
type normal paper
email tkvan@arch.hku.hk
last changed 2004/09/24 12:34

_id ijac20031308
id ijac20031308
authors Garcia Alvarado, Rodrigo; Baesler Abufarde, Felipe; Moreno, Pedro Rodriguez; Bravo, Mauricio Pezo
year 2003
title Modeling of Activities: an approach to the virtual representation of human behaviors in architectural spaces tested in emergency units
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 1 - no. 3
summary Despite the increasing interest in the functionality and humanization of architecture, there are few studies covering the occupation of buildings and methods to represent activities in spaces. This article explores new software for simulating and virtual modeling in order to facilitate the analysis and visualization of events in buildings. Of particular importance is programming the behavior of 3D-characters according to the probabilistic evolution of activities, and producing animations and interactive models. This approach was tested in a study of three emergency units of hospitals in Chile. Although a full integration of software was not possible, the process developed (in particular the subjective tours) demonstrated that the technique can provide new information about the functioning and spatiality of the units. In addition, it suggested operative and architectural improvements supporting the management and design of facilities.
series journal
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id sigradi2003_129
id sigradi2003_129
authors Gaudio, A., De Ponti, J., Nessi, S. and Sautel, S.
year 2003
title Multimedia interactivo para la enseñanza del color: una experiencia empírica (Interactive multimedia for the teaching of color: An empirical experience)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary Multimedia «Color Básico» has an interface that takes into account interaction levels, textual resources, icons, sound and movement, the «gestalt» of the screen, usability and its practical applications. Everything is structured to make a «knowledge interface», so that color contents are part of an interactive experience. Some aspects of design information are analyzed as part of the conclusions of an empiric research.
keywords Interface, interaction, information design, usability, command mode
series SIGRADI
email gaudiothies@ciudad.com.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id caadria2003_b4-4
id caadria2003_b4-4
authors Gero, John S.
year 2003
title Situated Computing A New Paradigm for Design Computing
source CAADRIA 2003 [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 974-9584-13-9] Bangkok Thailand 18-20 October 2003, pp. 579-590
summary This paper introduces the concepts of situatedness and constructive memory as the foundations of situated computing. The difference is between encoding all knowledge prior to its use and allowing the knowledge to be developed and grounded in the interaction between the external world and the designer/tool. The paper elaborates these concepts and concludes with a discussion of the implication of situated computing on computational models of designing and on the development of adaptive design tools.
series CAADRIA
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/12/02 06:47

_id cf2003_m_060
id cf2003_m_060
authors GLASER, D., VOUNG, J., XIAO, L., TAI, B., UBBELOHDE M.S., CANNY, J. and DO, E. Y.-L.
year 2003
title LightSketch - A Sketch-Modelling Program for Lighting Analysis
source Digital Design - Research and Practice [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-1210-1] Tainan (Taiwan) 13–15 October 2003, pp. 371-382
summary This paper presents a flexible, yet powerful lighting analysis tool, LightSketch. LightSketch is a sketch-based modelling program for lighting analysis. It allows the user to draw both architectural and lighting related symbols which are converted into a 3D model for lighting visualisation. It is motivated by examining the strengths and limitations of current lighting design practices. Its use is illustrated with design scenarios.
keywords sketch, lighting, simulation
series CAAD Futures
email ellendo@cmu.edu
last changed 2004/10/04 05:49

_id diss_2003
id diss_2003
authors Gorczyca, Adam
year 2003
title Interaction of the design methods and the contemporary computer techniques
source Faculty of Architecture, Warsaw University of Technology
summary The thesis researches a bilateral relations between computer techniques and methods of architectural design. It represents a holistic attitude because of a multithread analysis in the field of the theory of design, a new hard- and software used by architects, and a design practice.

Thesis: Contemporary computer science development at the end of the twentieth century pushed architects to use hard- and software as tools, which became an active support (more than just CAAD). It enabled to widen the scope of a form-properties research and a generation of solutions impossible to achieve before, by using traditional methods and tools. This situation leads to new, unpredictable possibilities of architectural research and design. Objectives: 1. Definition of the latest trends in computer technologies applied in architectural offices. 2. Presentation of some practical consequencies of application of those technologies in design and construction. 3. Separation of new design methods caused by use of digital tools. 4. A simplified taxonomy of the methods above, with characteristic features. 5. A research in practical application of digital tools in Polish and foreign offices, as well as at the WUT Faculty of Architecture.

The subject of the work:

The thesis constitutes of five chapters. The first chapter is an introduction, where the range of work is presented in the context of place, time and the research made. The following chapters research three aspects of CAAD: (1) hardware and software, (2) new definition of architecture, which is a result of application of the digital tools, (3) practical problems connected with the use of computer techniques. The second chapter describes the new technologies in use –Virtual Reality (incl. VRD, CAVE’s, Data Gloves, motion-capture), Rapid prototyping (incl. holographic printers, 3D scanners, routers, milling-machines), new types of interfaces (e.g. xWorlds, InfoSpace, Flock of birds), etc. The third chapter is a theoretical one. It presents three types of changes in design methods, which can be classified, judging by results, in architecture of: (a) in-formation (b) de-formation and (c) cyberspace. All the mentioned applications of a digital technology cause redefinition of the range of the architects’ profession. The fourth chapter is concentrated on the application and utilization of technology. It is a detailed analysis of chosen buildings (characteristic examples) and design methods used by some avant-garde and well-known practitioners and visioners of architecture (Eisenman, Gehry, Spuybroek, etc.). It also presents statistics, where the influence of digital tools on the way of working (efficiency, productivity, use of tools) is expressed numerically. A synthesis summarizes the relation between architects and the new digital tools in some aspects: hard- and software, social changes, ergonomics, methodics, linguistic/symbolic and architectural. The mentioned ranges of interaction constitute the proof of the thesis.

series thesis:PhD
email adamgorczyca@interia.pl
last changed 2003/09/17 16:20

_id ecaadesigradi2019_471
id ecaadesigradi2019_471
authors Güzelci, Orkan Zeynel, Alaçam, Sema and Güzelci, Handan
year 2019
title Trend Topics and Changing Concepts of Computational Design in the Last 16 Years - A content analysis
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 1, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 423-430
summary This study argues that analysis of written content might be helpful to provide clues at a certain extent on the future directions of current research areas and the emergence of new study areas. In the scope of the study, the International Journal of Architectural Computing (IJAC) which has been a scientific platform covering many pioneer publications on education research in computer-aided architectural design (CAAD) field was selected as source content. Although the size of the source domain is limited, the analysis of abstracts and titles of 439 articles published in IJAC between 2003 and 2018 revealed promising results which can be examined under four characteristics: "constant", "emerging", "fading" and "solidifying" concepts. The tokens in the analysis process are words, phrases, topic nodes and links between topic nodes. The outcomes of this study might contribute to tracking the evolution of concepts their emergence or disusage in different time and contexts, and interrelations between different concepts.
keywords content analysis; computational design concepts; IJAC
series eCAADeSIGraDi
email orkanguzelci@gmail.com
last changed 2019/08/26 20:25

_id ecaade03_265_31_ham
id ecaade03_265_31_ham
authors Ham, Jeremy J.
year 2003
title The Computer as a Tectonic Design Tool: Comparisons between Virtual and Actual Construction
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 265-268
summary The potential of the computer as a tectonic design tool is explored in comparison to scaled physical models, drawings and real-scale modelling (actual construction). Analysis of media use is undertaken in a case study of a range of design projects of differing emphases in relation to student perceptions and assessment. Relationships are drawn between representational media actual construction to inform a discussion of effective and authentic means of teaching tectonics within the design studio.
keywords Tectonics, 3D CAD, real-scale modelling
series eCAADe
email jjham@deakin.edu.au
more http:/www.ab.deakin.edu.au/online
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id sigradi2003_139
id sigradi2003_139
authors Hamid, Bauni
year 2003
title Action Planning through Digital Workshop
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary This paper discusses efforts of disseminating urban development program in a developing country setting by employing digital workshop in action planning workshops. The setting of urban development projects is usually very complicated. Socioeconomic background and people's properties are varied. That's why it is reasonable if problem approach is generated through a study on the potential of utilizing digital methods. Complicated variables also lead to study the possibility of not focusing on certain mode of workshop, since each workshop has its own plus-minus that might only be effective for certain variables in case study.
keywords Action planning, communication, digital model, workshop
series SIGRADI
email bauni@indosat.net.id
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id sigradi2003_045
id sigradi2003_045
authors Heidrich, F.E., Santiago, A.G., and Cybis Pereira, A.T.
year 2003
title O Estudo da Paisagem através de Ambiente Cooperativo (The landscape study through a cooperative environment)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary This paper tries to demonstrate, from a theoretical argumentation, that the city landscape is constantly changing. Due to that, studies and discussions about the future consequences of those changes became necessary. So it's written a study where the LRVChat3D tool was used to create a Cooperative Virtual Environment. It allows, from a virtual environment in VRML, the perception and analysis of a Florianópolis landscape, as well as discussions about the future consequences of the probable changes that happened in this place.
keywords Perception, Landscape, Virtual Environments
series SIGRADI
email felipeheidrich@bol.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id ijac20031108
id ijac20031108
authors Hirschberg, Urs
year 2003
title Transparency In Information Architecture: Enabling Large Scale Creative Collaboration in Architectural Education over the Internet
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 1 - no. 1
summary This paper is about networked collaboration in architectural education and about information architecture for networked collaborations. It presents results of a quantitative process analysis of two types of courses in Computer Aided Architectural Design that were taught using database-driven online environments. The main focus of the quantitative analysis is the performance of these online environments as information structures, designed to accommodate the presentation and the peer-to-peer exchange of design information for relatively large groups of between 60 and 150 participants. Using the database records to reconstruct the processes, three different quantitative analyses are described.Their results indicate that for these projects the web-environments were successful in enhancing peer-to-peer learning and that they promoted a more objective assessment of the submitted works. The study also looks at the effect that the environments themselves had on the process. Finally it draws some conclusions about these environments' information architecture: it presents tentative guidelines about how such environments must be designed to handle the dynamic display of design data, from many different authors, in a way that is transparent to the users.
series journal
email hirschberg@tugraz.at
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id acadia03_045
id acadia03_045
authors Hoon, Michael and Kehoe, Michael
year 2003
title Enhancing Architectural Communication with Gaming Engines
source Connecting >> Crossroads of Digital Discourse [Proceedings of the 2003 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-12-8] Indianapolis (Indiana) 24-27 October 2003, pp. 349-355
summary This paper makes a case for exploring the feasibility of utilizing the advanced graphics and sound systems of contemporary gaming engines to promote architecturally relevant work. Gaming engines, while developed largely for the PC entertainment industry, have vast potential for application in architecture. This paper will explore the depth of this potential and will outline work demonstrating the advantages and the limitations of this technology. The supporting research and observations examine the technology and reveal its potential usefulness as an instructional or depictive authoring tool. Game engines were selected that had appropriate graphical prowess, but were customizable as to allow the removal of game-specific features (to create a “professional” user interface). Projects were authored that expressed complex building details using the engine for visual depiction. The details, which included constructional components, structural assemblies, or simple design nuances, were modeled with 3D geometry and realistically textured and lighted. The game engine allowed one user or many remote simultaneous users in the virtual environment to interactively explore the presentation in real time. Scripts were developed to encourage end-users to interactively disassemble or reassemble building components as desired. Audile and/or text-based information regarding the assembly sequence were provided by exploiting the game interface features. Furthermore, interactive object scaling was provided to facilitate analysis of component relationships.
series ACADIA
email hoon@njit.edu
last changed 2003/10/30 15:20

_id cf2003_m_046
id cf2003_m_046
authors HWANG, Jie-Eun and CHOI, Jin-Won
year 2003
title SpaceScope: Spatial Content-Based Retrieval of Architectural Floor Plans
source Digital Design - Research and Practice [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-1210-1] Tainan (Taiwan) 13–15 October 2003, pp. 53-62
summary This research investigates spatial information retrieval in architecture, based on an efficient metadata that is crucial for content-based retrieval. SpaceCore is the metadata schema for spatial information on a floor plan implemented with RDF (Resource Description Framework). To generate metadata, we analyse the factors of spatial information, and then construct a data model containing the content and structure of spatial information. To exploit the metadata, we suggest various query operations with possible predicates and interfaces. SpaceScope, the spatial information retrieval system, consists of three modules: an input data module, a query module, and a browse module. As to implementation, we have already developed the real time plan-structuring system, called “Vitruvius”, as an inputting and modelling data module (using C++). Based on the database, the system performs the similarity analysis and then evaluates the alternative plans with the retrieval goals. At the end of the paper we discuss the potential of SpaceScope in the schematic design stage of the architectural design process, possibly improving and triggering the designer’s conceptual approach against a logical background and facilitate rapid decision-making after full consideration.
keywords case-based reasoning, content-based retrieval, metadata, RDF, semantic
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2003/09/22 10:21

_id ecaade03_449_44_ireland
id ecaade03_449_44_ireland
authors Ireland, Tim and Derix, Christian
year 2003
title An analysis of the Poly-dimensionality of living - An experiment in the application of 3-dimensional self-organising maps to evolve form
source Digital Design [21th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-1-6] Graz (Austria) 17-20 September 2003, pp. 449-456
summary The architect and sculptor Fredrick Kiesler opposed the linear mechanics of modernity. As so efficiently defined in Margarette Shutte Lihotsky’s Frankfurt kitchen, his work expressed the ‘act of body motion’, in the view that people inhabit buildings in a dynamic and vicissitudinous way. Representative of a world essentially understood to be deterministic and ordered, the Frankfurt Kitchen encapsulated the dweller in a standardised, industrial environment. Opposed to the scientific ordering of task management, Kiesler argued that the linearly devised two-dimensional methodology of architectural design is out of context with the dynamic of living and developed his ideas in the endless house; a form in which its inhabitants could live in a poly-dimensional way. This work focuses on the development of a design process, which may reflect the character and sinuous properties of an individual’s pattern of living. The study will develop a process, investigating the application of self-organising maps as a tool for the definition of space, towards a result which is emergent. The parameters that define an individual’s pattern of living, will be instigated in an array of three-dimensional self-organising activity maps, towards the development of form.""
keywords ‘self-organising maps’, pattern, forming, emergent, dwelling
series eCAADe
email gribbit_@yahoo.com
more http://www.uel.ac.uk/ceca.uel.ac.uk
last changed 2003/09/18 07:13

_id 4450
id 4450
authors J Jupp and JS Gero
year 2003
title TOWARDS COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF STYLE IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN
source IJCAI03 Workshop on Computational Approaches to Style Analysis and Synthesis, S Argamon (ed), IJCAI, Acapulco, pp 1-10.
summary This paper proposes a computational model of design that attempts to capture within a social context two important aspects of style: ‘content’ and ‘manner’. We present a characterisation of style for the artefact based on a framework that consists of information theoretic measures. We discuss the benefits the study of social networks offers a computational analysis of both aspects of style. It is our aim to bring style as ‘content’ and style as ‘manner’ together using this approach.
keywords style, information theory
type normal paper
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2004/04/10 00:15

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