CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id 2004_396
id 2004_396
authors Fischer, Thomas
year 2004
title Microcontroller - Enhanced Physical Models for Architectural and Product Design
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 396-403
summary Electronic sensors, controllers, displays and actuators can significantly enhance the value of physical models as processes of use, interaction and transformation take center stage in various fields of design. These technologies allow the development of novel computer interfaces for new kinds of interaction with virtual models, and in the future they will allow new types of active building components and materials for automated construction and dynamic runtime adaptations of inhabitable environments. However, embedding programmed logic into physical objects seems to confront designers and model makers with a steep learning curve outside the domains of their traditional expertise. The variety of alternative technologies and development tools in this area has a particularly disorienting effect on novices. Some early experiences however suggest that mastery of this learning curve is easily within reach, given some basic introduction, guidance and support. It is the purpose of this paper to provide designers with a starting point for explorations into this area, to give orientation and to demonstrate some possible development approaches and results.
keywords Interaction, Process, High-Fidelity Models, Microcontrollers, Electronics
series eCAADe
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id sigradi2005_394
id sigradi2005_394
authors Flores Reyes, Maria Loreto
year 2005
title Diagram as media of design speculation. The productive ambiguity of Voronoi diagram.
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 394-399
summary In contrast to the traditional models of design processes based on the abstract manipulation of objects, the new digital media arena provides to architecture an interesting territory of experimentation characterized by non-linear design processes capable to articulate spatial requirements and social organizations on time. In this sense, the speculation through a diagrammatic system proposes a change focused on design as a network of processes. According to this, this paper purpose is to investigate the validity of these arguments through the use of Voronoi Diagram as design tool into the context of Create_Space research agenda of the AAD[R]L 2004-2005.
series SIGRADI
email mloretoflores@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id sigradi2004_021
id sigradi2004_021
authors Frank Petzold; Dirk Donath; Christian Bürgy
year 2004
title Computer-supported Building Surveying - The Basis for Planning in Existing Built Contexts
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary In view of declining populations and adequate housing provision in the western world, building in existing built contexts is becoming increasingly relevant. The conservation and use of existing buildings stock is not only ecologically sound but also an economic imperative. A prerequisite for computer-aided planning for existing buildings is both the use of on-site computer-aided surveying and the integration of all participants and disciplines in the planning process using integrated information and communication systems. The aim of this research project is twofold: to design a practice-relevant software concept for the support of the entire building surveying process embedded in the planning process, and to develop a practice-oriented mobile, digitally supported equipment and system environment for the digital architectural surveying of buildings. This paper will discuss the IT concept of a building surveying system, the software and hardware prototypes developed as well as usability aspects of wearable computers.
series SIGRADI
email petzold@archit.uni-weimar.de
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id sigradi2004_185
id sigradi2004_185
authors Fábio Araújo; Jose dos Santos Cabral Filho
year 2004
title Espacialização de ambientes virtuais de imersão ñ convergência entre arquitetura real e digital [Spatialization of Immersive Virtual Environments - The Convergence between Real and Digital Architecture]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This research paper deals with the Information Technology and its close and increasing relation with the dwelling spaces in search for new and more accurate environments in real, tectonics spaces in architecture promoting new ways of living and dealing with space. This work has great importance since it is generally noticed straight convergence between architecture and the state of the art digital medias. Working through interactive digital media system attached to physical environments the paper also discuss the real sense of production and insertion of these new medias in the architecture environs and which kind of qualification is gained in these spaces through out this event.
keywords Information technology, physical (real) spaces, interactivity
series SIGRADI
email faraujo21@ig.com.br, jcabral@arq.ufmg.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id sigradi2004_067
id sigradi2004_067
authors Gabriela Celani
year 2004
title The symmetry exercise: Using an old tool in a new way
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary The present paper describes an exercise for architecture students that has two objectives: (1) to present the different types of symmetry and introduce the importance of symmetric design in graphic and architectural composition; and (2) to describe an example of how common CAD tools can be customized and turned into specific symmetric design tools. The final aim is to show how computer drafting can be more efficient than hand drafting in certain cases, especially when the computer.s real-time shape computation abilities can be used to the designer.s help.
series SIGRADI
email celani@fec.unicamp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id sigradi2004_107
id sigradi2004_107
authors Gabriela I. Bustos López; Gonzalo Vélez Jahn
year 2004
title Alternativas de diseño: Museos virtuales de esculturas interactivas [Design Alternatives: Virtual Museums of Interactive Sculptures]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This article intends to discuss the application of Digital Interactive Panoramas within an academic research environment. The construction of the hyperdocument interface is critical to the process of demonstrating the actual experience in buildings or urban spaces. We assume that Digital Interactive Panoramas can bring significant contributions to architectural teaching, through an interactive interpretation of implicit and explicit information within the virtual space. Several techniques were applied in the interactive panoramas development in order to facilitate the learning experience and the essence understanding of the architectural object. Therefore, the user interaction with the interface provides meaningful possibilities, particularly if compared to traditional representation methods.
series SIGRADI
email thiagoleitao@brfree.com.br, natduffles@yahoo.com.br, josekos@ufrj.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id ascaad2004_paper21
id ascaad2004_paper21
authors Garba, Shaibu B. and Mohammad A. Hassanain
year 2004
title A Review of Object Oriented CAD Potential for Building Information Modeling and Life Cycle Management
source eDesign in Architecture: ASCAAD's First International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design, 7-9 December 2004, KFUPM, Saudi Arabia
summary In many countries, the Architecture/Engineering/Consulting (AEC) industry is characterised by poor performance reflected in project delays and cost overruns. A contributor to the problem is the traditional approach to handling building information and its communication in life cycle management (LCM). Recent developments in Object Oriented Computer Aided Architectural Design (OO CAD) have provided the opportunity for improving building information modelling and its communication for more effective LCM. The aim of the paper is to review the potentials of OO CAD for building information modelling (BIM) and LCM. The paper reviews building information in the life cycle process, identifying the various actors and activities and the need for communication and information flow to support life cycle management. The paper also reviews the concept of OO CAD, highlighting its potential to improve building information and its flow and communication in life cycle management. The paper then goes on to review the potentials and limitations of OO CAD implementation in the AEC industry. The paper concludes by pointing out that the widespread adoption of OO CAD and the anticipated associated improvement in life cycle management will only be encouraged when the building industry is able to agree on a widely acceptable, interoperable standard for encoding building objects.
series ASCAAD
email sbgarba@kfupm.edu.sa
last changed 2007/04/08 17:47

_id ascaad2004_paper18
id ascaad2004_paper18
authors Garba, Shaibu B.
year 2004
title Virtual Reality Implementation in the Architecture Curriculum
source eDesign in Architecture: ASCAAD's First International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design, 7-9 December 2004, KFUPM, Saudi Arabia
summary Following a recent curriculum revision, the Department of Architecture at the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) established a Virtual Reality (VR) laboratory to service its information technology courses and research. Two years after the establishment of the laboratory, utilization has not reached the level anticipated and the facility is yet to be fully integrated into teaching and research activities. The paper reviews the implementation of the laboratory with a view to identifying and examining the factors that account for its current utilization. Factors identified in the paper included inability to fully implement the proposal for the laboratory, inadequate implementation preparation, complicated procedure for producing visualization content, and computing resource compatibility problems. The paper concludes with general suggestions for schools trying to implement virtual reality in their curriculum and specific suggestions to improve the utilization of the KFUPM VR laboratory.
series ASCAAD
email sbgarba@kfupm.edu.sa
last changed 2007/04/08 17:47

_id 2004_366
id 2004_366
authors García Alvarado, Rodrigo and Monedero Isorna, Javier
year 2004
title The Fragmented Eye - Cinematographic Techniques for Architectural Animations
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 366-373
summary In order to contribute to the elaboration of more expressive architectural animations, some famous films, documentaries of buildings and award-winning animations were analyzed. This was carried out examining the cinematographic techniques used at three levels of filming language; image setting, shot movements and montage, according to concepts described in theoretical texts. The analysis revealed an extensive use of techniques, in particular in movies, that give graphic diversity and perceptual stability. Based on that, it proposes some ideas for the planning of an architectural animation and a computer implementation of some filmic concepts, in particular related to movements of the point-of-view. This study suggest a fragmented view of building designs, to get an appealing moving presentation, with visual interest and continuity, as such should be also in architecture.
keywords Animation, Film, Image, Movement, Montage
series eCAADe
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id 2004_558
id 2004_558
authors Gatermann, Harald
year 2004
title The Didactic Triangle - Using CAD, Photography and Descriptive Geometry as Educating Tools with Mutual Influence
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 558-562
summary Teaching of architectural photography is still not very popular at universities. We developed a didactic concept of teaching architectural photography in response to caad and to descriptive geometry. The first edge of the triangle (descriptive geometry): By having knowledge in descriptive geometry, students will be more aware of geometrical context in caad and in photography. On the other hand the teaching and understanding of descriptive geometry is much easier, when students have already a basic knowledge of photography. The second edge of the triangle (caad, animation): This kind of teaching architectural photography is not only necessary to open the eyes for „young“ student to learn photography - it also helps to understand the basics of constructing perspectives in descriptive geometry or computer aided design up to different kinds of visualisation. The third edge of the triangle (photography): In the age of non-slr-cameras students are no longer used to take sophisticated photographs. They are mostly only able to take snapsshots (even in the time of digital cameras). One of our main methods is to make them acquainted to slrcameras (analog and digital), to tripods and spirit levels as essential tools and to teach the basic geometrical context. The didactic concept is continued by teaching knowledge about colours, light, different points of view etc. Our didactical concept („Didactic Triangle“) is based on teaching all three elements (photography, caad, descr. geometry) by the same teacher in the same semester to the same students. This guarantees the mutual understanding of the three disciplines. Interactive, digital teaching elements (virtual „mock-up-studio“) support the acceptance.
keywords Descriptive Geometry, Photography, CAD
series eCAADe
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id 2005_771
id 2005_771
authors Gavrilou, Evelyn, Bourdakis, Vassilis and Charitos, Dimitris
year 2005
title Documenting the Spatial Design of an Interactive Multisensory Urban Installation
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 771-778
summary The paper documents the design and implementation of an interactive multi-sensory environment (DETOUR) created by the interdisciplinary group VE_Design for an international open-air exhibition in Athens, Greece during the summer of 2004. The paper describes the creative process followed throughout the project and registers how computers, sensors and effectors have been utilised to either facilitate the creation of electronically mediated experiences or support the design. The architectural concept of the multi-sensory installation is analyzed in relation to its potential for creating communicative experiences as well as addressing physical form simulations. Notions such as ephemeral structures, parasites, social space, game as art and communication are discussed. The body – space interaction is investigated, enabling the team to elaborate on a modular construction. Finally, the impact of the work is discussed on the basis of recorded observations by visitors.
keywords Interactive Multi-Sensory Environment; Ephemeral Space; Public Art;Embodied Spatial Experience; Simulation of Physical Form.
series eCAADe
email V.Bourdakis@uth.gr
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id avocaad_2003_08
id avocaad_2003_08
authors Gernot Pittioni
year 2003
title A World of Networks - Global and Local Impacts
source LOCAL VALUES in a NETWORKED DESIGN WORLD - ADDED VALUE OF COMPUTER AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN, Stellingwerff, Martijn and Verbeke, Johan (Eds.), (2004) DUP Science - Delft University Press, ISBN 90-407-2507-1.
summary As a couple of years ago the use of computers slowly entered studios of architecture, the development of operating systems actually enables everybody to control even bigger networks within studios or offices. Recently these local networks started to get networked themselves. Interactions between local design partners involve a large variety of problems• different CAD-systems• different versions of the same CAD-system• different methods of transfer• different security ideas• different levels of technical knowledge In the course of extension to a global level these problems in the first approach have been growing dramatically, involving additionally language and mentality problems. But in the outcome the exchange of documents and ideas improves in speed, quality and accuracy or this will at least happen in the near future.Global networking offers a great challenge, we have to give this matter a big deal of efforts to earn the values and results, which may be achieved.
keywords Architecture, Local values, Globalisation, Computer Aided Architectural Design
series AVOCAAD
email pittioni@pittioni.de
last changed 2006/01/16 20:38

_id 3841
id 3841
authors Gero J.S. and Kannengiesser, U.
year 2004
title THE SITUATED FUNCTION-BEHAVIOUR-STRUCTURE FRAMEWORK
source Design Studies 25(4): 373-391
summary This paper extends the function–behaviour–structure (FBS) framework, which proposed eight fundamental processes involved in designing. That framework did not explicitly account for the dynamic character of the context in which designing takes place, described by the notion of situatedness. This paper describes this concept as a recursive interrelationship between different environments, which, together with a model of constructive memory, provides the foundation of a situated FBS framework. The eight fundamental processes are then reconstructed within this new framework to represent designing in a dynamic world.
keywords design model(s), design process(es), design science, design theory, logic of design
series journal paper
type normal paper
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2006/01/28 10:39

_id sigradi2004_326
id sigradi2004_326
authors Gilberto Corso Pereira
year 2004
title Visualização e representação do espaço urbano [Visualization and Representation of Urban Space]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This project had as goal to investigate how an urban space can be represented, and how can we to present information that facilitated broad and interactive spatial analysis in an easy and friendly way. This target was reached trough the elaboration of a computer application that allowed urban information visualization about Salvador City. This tool let users to build thematic cartography, visualize interactive 3D models, images, etc. Project development already produced two different prototypes. First versions provide a great spatial analyze flexibility, but it interface founded in a workspace defined do not allow user to do all overlayer possible. In this case the tool was a kind of cartographic atlas. The actual version had as design presuppose, to give users more information, interactivity, power and flexibility, adopting new medias, new representation models, and presenting quantitative and qualitative information.
series SIGRADI
email corso@ufba.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id 2004_418
id 2004_418
authors Gilles, H., Damien, H., Benoît, O. and Bignon, J.-C.
year 2004
title A Scenario Approach to Validate and Demonstrate the Tool Usefulness in Cooperative Design
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 418-425
summary The social and economic context of architectural co-operative projects does not support the experimentations with dedicated tools. Therefore, we chose to achieve functional validations and operations of communication about tools usefulness with the use of scenarios. The scenario techniques are usually used in computer science to capture user’s needs and to validate software specifications. After having analyzed the different contexts of scenario usage in computer science, we characterize the specific context of the use of tools in cooperative activities. Then, we report some experiences of functional validation, of tool demonstration and of usefulness validation based on the use of scenarios. We explain in each experience the objectives and their implication in the scenario definition.
keywords Scenario, Experimentation, Cooperation, Collaborative Tools
series eCAADe
email halin@map.crai.archi.fr
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id eaea2003_18-giro
id eaea2003_18-giro
authors Giro, H.
year 2004
title Drawing the Map. About the Way Hand Drawings look in Computer Models
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 91-100
summary The use of 3D-software in architecture has several advantages: architects and clients are better able to comprehend the design, test variants and take and confirm decisions. On the other hand, architects warn against the presentation of computer images at too early a stage because these images give the impression of conclusiveness. Hand-drawn illustrations, by contrast, have the loose character of a sketch and leave things open to the imagination. This has advantages, especially in the initial stages of a design. This paper is a survey of our current research and teaching work, showing especially the combination of freehand drawing and computer model and the effects and possibilities of this form of abstraction in order to facilitate a correct interpretation of the proposed ideas.
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2003_17-gorczyca
id eaea2003_17-gorczyca
authors Gorczyca, A.
year 2004
title Modern Interface – Visible, Invisible or Virtual?
source Spatial Simulation and Evaluation - New Tools in Architectural and Urban Design [Proceedings of the 6th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 80-227-2088-7], pp. 85-90
summary The paper is a comparison of interface changes as a result of modern concepts and a new hardware development. It explains the notion ‘virtual’ and its application in a few generations of user interface. Modern interfaces are chained with simulation technology. The meaning of simulation is strictly related to the notions: possible, actual, potential force. All of them are ingredients of ‘virtual’. Finally interfaces bring to the point: what virtual is?
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id 2004_269
id 2004_269
authors Gowans, Scott and Wright, Richard M.
year 2004
title Developing Architectonic Language Through Digital Observation
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 269-277
summary The question for architects is always how to begin. This proposal attempts to illustrate a design methodology that is characterised by its attention to non-traditional generators. The focus of the paper is the definition of an innovative design process characterised by the production of an architectonic language through the observation of the ephemeral and the transitory (the quanta of place), and which pays cognisance to the realization of a three-dimensional narrative, placing value upon the products of investigation as well as the resultant design. As the title suggests the process outlined concerns itself with the examination of the ephemeral, the transitory and the unobserved. The overriding concern is with the recording of fragments of a chosen environment (site) and, the collation and depiction of these findings in an alternative three-dimensional environment (virtual space). This process is only made possible by the advent of computer applications capable of generating the complexity of three-dimensional environments needed to explore the plethora of forms generated by the initial recordings. This process is concerned with the nascence of architectural expression and the formalising of architectural propositions composed from an individual’s interpretation of the ‘space between’, the obvious and the immaterial, and the phenomena that exist there. The generators are the things beyond immediate perception. They are the quanta of place. It is this process of capturing fixed moments in time and space and, translating imperceptible nanomoments and nanoevents, that allows for the development of exploratory diagrams constructed over a backdrop of credible analysis. These make apparent the infinite possibilities for further transition whilst illustrating the conceptual lineage that links each instance to its antecedents. The resultant physical forms embody the essence of something transformed. They possess cultural and emotional syntax. They become mementos in the landscape.
series eCAADe
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id e90c
id e90c
authors Greenfield, Gary R.
year 2004
title AUTOMATED RECOLORING OF EVOLVED DESIGNS
source Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference of Mathematics & Design, Special Edition of the Journal of Mathematics & Design, Volume 4, No.1, pp. 47-54.
summary We consider the problem of automating the recoloring of designs whose “originals” are defined using color look-up tables. Given a digital image , we assume for each pixel of there exists an integer index such that . If is a color look-up table of size , we say image is colored by if each pixel is assigned color . Given a map from to itself, we recolor by assigning to each pixel the color . We are able to evolve the recoloring maps by representing them as -tuples. We automate their evolution by applying multi-objective optimization. Examples of recolorings of designs that were originally in color and originally in black and white are given. Keywords. Color look-up table, image recoloring, genetic algorithm, evolutionary multiobjective optimization.
series other
type normal paper
email ggreenfi@richmond.edu
last changed 2005/04/07 10:47

_id ecaade2012_278
id ecaade2012_278
authors Gu, Ning ; de Vries, Bauke
year 2012
title Two Approaches to Implementing BIM in Architectural Curricula
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 39-48
wos WOS:000330322400003
summary BIM is an IT-enabled approach that supports enhanced design integrity, efficiency and quality through the distributed access, exchange and maintenance of building data (Haymaker and Suter, 2007; Fischer and Kunz, 2004). More recently, many universities have responded to the adoption of BIM in the profession, by gradually introducing the practice into the curricula (i.e. Cory and Schmelter-Morret, 2012; Ibrahim, 2007; Plume and Mitchell, 2007). Focusing on collaboration – one of the most important aspects of BIM, this paper presents two approaches to implementing BIM in architectural curricula with a focus on collaboration but from two different collaboration scales. Through observation and refl ection of these two approaches to teaching BIM, the paper concludes by discussing BIM curriculum design.
keywords Building Information Modelling (BIM); curriculum design; case studies
series eCAADe
email ning.gu@newcastle.edu.au
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

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