CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id sigradi2004_036
id sigradi2004_036
authors Lucía Gómez; Lola Vico
year 2004
title Infografia aplicada al patrimonio cultural: El caso del ninfeo de campetti (Veio) [Infographics Applied to Cultural Heritage: The Case of "Ninfeo de Campetti (Veio)"]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This paper presents the results of an in-depth study and virtual reconstruction of the Nymphaeum of Veio, in the archaeological zone of Villa Campetti, Rome. The study consisted in analysing the vestiges and enlightening the findings with a thorough literature review about the Nymphaeum itself as well as about contemporary and similar constructions. A digital model was then elaborated, as an attempt to recreate the Nymphaeum of Veio as it may have stood during the Roman period. The Nymphaeum had been decorated with roman frescoes of the III style, now highly deteriorated. The virtual reconstruction intends to reproduce the harmony of volumes, structure and paintings of the chamber. It also helps to better understand its configuration. This kind of reconstruction, based on historical and architectural research, offers great possibilities in the world or architectonic and archaeological heritage, allows the recovery and analysis of spaces otherwise lost forever.
series SIGRADI
email lucia@ugr.es, alados@arrakis.es
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id sigradi2004_336
id sigradi2004_336
authors Luisa Paraguai Donati; Gilbertto Prado
year 2004
title Computador vestível: Mediando o corpo, reconfigurando a percepção do espaço [Wearable Computer: Mediating the Body, Reconfiguring the Perception of Space]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This paper is concerned with the comprehension of a specific interface: wearable computer, and its potential in reconfiguring the space and body wearer.s perception and experience. Such device is always on, always accessible and it performs its functions to aid and enhance users. experience. By wearing it, another sense of being has been proposed, when it is possible to act simultaneously in physical and digital spaces. The access to other perceptive dimensions as simultaneous operations in different codes, dimensions, spaces, worlds, can project the bodily experience, extend the limits of the space, change the conditions of behaviours, and the measure of things. After a brief explanation about wearable computer, some projects will be presented, emphasizing the device as a mediator of personal experiences and poetic procedures.
series SIGRADI
email luisaparaguai@terra.com.br, gttoprado@ajato.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id sigradi2004_078
id sigradi2004_078
authors Luisa Rodrigues Félix; Adriane Borda Almeida da Silva; Neusa Mariza Rodrigues Félix
year 2004
title Entre béziers e nurbs: Ensino de formas livres no contexto arquitetônico [Between Béziers and Nurbs: Teaching Free Forms in an Architectural Context]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This work intends to contribute to the use of techniques to represent free forms in didactic activities. It enlarges a previous study using only one technique to represent parametric curves and surfaces. It includes the NURBS technique, without discharging the BEZIER technique used before. Some exercises were structured using both techniques to model a representative example of Architecture: the Ronchamp Chapel . architect Le Corbusier. The tasks were compared to highlight the knowledge elements existing in both activities and its necessity of enlargement to move from one to another. Its is observed that the use of different techniques, as NURBS and Bezier, emphasize the specific characteristics of the geometric entities, establishing the control of parameters for free forms in the context of architectural graphics.
series SIGRADI
email isa_luls@mail.com, adribord@ufpel.tche.br, neusarf@ufpel.tche.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id sigradi2004_182
id sigradi2004_182
authors Lygia Saboia
year 2004
title Realidade virtual e ilusionismo [Virtual Reality and Illusionism]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This work is based on Oliver Grau.s analyses about some aspects of virtual reality. When making his considerations, Grau says virtual reality always has been part of artists. concern when creating their art and, as today, it is an atempt to keep the viewers envolved far from the real world, and deep inside another reality. Oliver Grau.s ponderations are pointed before. Then the comparisons among the installation named .The Place-Rhur., from Jeffrey Shaw, and the panoramas from the XIX and XX centuries are made. It is intended to point out that creations on virtual reality from today are extensions of those that came before. The difference resides on technology employed, cultural context from different moments in which they are created, and the level of envolvment they can offer.
keywords Visual arts, virtual reality, panoramas, illusionism, immersion
series SIGRADI
email lygias@unb.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id ddss2004_ra-129
id ddss2004_ra-129
authors Ma, L., Th. Arentze, A. Borgers, and H. Timmermans
year 2004
title Using Bayesian Decision Networks for Knowledge Representation under Conditions of Uncertainty in Multi-Agent Land Use Simulation Models
source Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) Recent Advances in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, ISBN 1-4020-24088, p. 129-144
summary Land suitability analysis typically involves the assessment of the suitability of land units without knowing the future spatial distribution of land use. Traditional planning techniques have used “algebraic equations” to express land suitability as a weighted function of suitability scores across multiple criteria. However, the existing multi-criteria evaluation methods do not systematically account for uncertainty about the land use in adjacent and other cells. This paper proposes an alternative approach to land suitability analysis that does address the problem of uncertainty. In particular, Bayesian decision networks are suggested as a means of knowledge representation for agents in a multi-agent land use simulation system. Bayesian decision networks model the uncertainty in terms of probabilities specified in the network representing the expertise of specialists with respect to specific land uses. This paper discusses the approach and illustrates its use in the context of a retail agent.
keywords Land Suitability Analysis, Multi-Agents, Knowledge Representation, Bayesian Decision Networks
series DDSS
last changed 2004/07/03 20:13

_id 59ff
id 59ff
authors MacPherson, Deborah L.
year 2004
title PERCEIVING DESIGN IN VIRTUAL SPACES
source Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference of Mathematics & Design, Special Edition of the Journal of Mathematics & Design, Volume 4, No.1, pp. 271-281.
summary People used to illustrate our ideas by hand and now we use machines. But we still can’t search through all the world’s drawings and ideas by proportion, aesthetic, and a list of measurements and space requirements. Suppose there was a new way to communicate with our machines that would allow design and other subtle relationships to be measured, compared and perceived using the design intent and viewers interpretations themselves as descriptions? In the future, using a system like this will eventually create so many designs, interpretations, patterns and spaces to choose from the questions become: how would design be perceived within these virtual spaces; and how might our aesthetics change due to this new dialogue with machines?
series other
type normal paper
email deborah.macpherson@cox.net
last changed 2005/04/07 13:41

_id sigradi2004_400
id sigradi2004_400
authors Madhu C. Dutta
year 2004
title From cybrids to cyborgs: In search of value in scripted virtuality
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary The juxtaposition of the temporal element on traditional architecture has created the possibility of a non-hierarchical, .nomadic. space (-Deleuze) which calls for an intriguing phenomenological experience of the inhabitants, in relationship to their architectural space. The paper explores some current theories which propagate these ideas of virtual reality/realism in an attempt to understand the contradictions and connections they make with the .tangible. world. Drawing from Kant.s position that .Nothing that is predicated on its real existence is considerable. the author searches for a more universal understanding of what these virtualities want to be- in this era of diluted tactility. The reason for such questions is not an attempt at ad hoc compartmentalization of these ideas, but more to find a place and meaning in the inevitable evolutionary pattern. In conclusion, the author postulates that it is only when these scripted virtualities are conditioned through such frames of reference will they cease to be merely .temporal. spaces.
series SIGRADI
email duttam@wit.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id 403caadria2004
id 403caadria2004
authors Magdy M. Ibrahim, Robert J. Krawczyk & George Schipporiet
year 2004
title A Web-Based Approach to Transferring Architectural Information to the Construction Site Based on the Bim Object Concept
source CAADRIA 2004 [Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] Seoul Korea 28-30 April 2004, pp. 613-622
summary The current means of transferring architectural data to the construction site depends mainly on the drawing either manually or electronically drafted both in physical or digital formats. The printed or manually drafted drawing is being replaced with the digital version that can be accessed with a PDA. There are many benefits of the digital form over the physical form. However the full potential of this medium has not yet been fully exploited. The new CAD paradigm, BIM (Building Information Modeling), suggests that all the building information can be represented as a digital database that constitutes the information about the building elements as three-dimensional geometry, as well as, properties and specifications in the form of objects. This paper describes the process to convey the information about the CAD objects to the construction site through the web by extracting the properties of the objects into an XML file which can be queried for the needed data.
series CAADRIA
email ibramag@iit.edu
last changed 2004/05/20 17:41

_id ijac20032201
id ijac20032201
authors Mahalingam, Ganapathy; Kavasseri, Rajesh G.
year 2004
title Improving Objective Digital Images with Neuronal Processing: A Computational Approach
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 2 - no. 2
summary This paper describes an experiment where an imagerecorded with a digital camera is processed using anelectro-physiological model of a neuron. Theluminosity level of each pixel of the source image istreated as the stimulus for an individual neuron, andthe source image is transformed into a responseimage based on the processing behavior of theHodgkin-Huxley neuronal model. It is seen thattransformation of the image through neuronalprocessing yields (i) more evenly balanced levels ofluminosity and (ii) a more ‘subjective’ rendering of theenvironment than what was photographed with thedigital camera.The CCD (charge coupled device) –based digital camera reveals its limitation as a linearrecording device that does not have a balanceddynamic range.The neuronal processing of the imageadds non-linearity and a balanced range to theluminosity levels in the image, rendering it closer to a‘subjective’ perception of the scene.
series journal
email Ganapathy.Mahalingam@ndsu.nodak.edu
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id bfa9
id bfa9
authors Mahiques, Myriam Beatriz
year 2004
title BUENOS AIRES: URBAN QUADRILLE AND FRACTALITY UNDER THE LIGHT OF SOCIAL ASPECTS
source Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference of Mathematics & Design, Special Edition of the Journal of Mathematics & Design, Volume 4, No.1, pp. 55-59.
summary Investigations about urban form are developed in many directions, being the history branch the strongest. It is based on the importance of forms created by previous generations. So, urban morphologists must examine the inhabitants and the processes that originate the urban form. In our discipline, ´´epistemological physicalism´´ is studied through the theory of complex systems and chaos theory. The resultant shape is obtained by selecting some elements of the abstract structure considered (non Euclidean geometry) and simulation software is used for experimentation, like L Systems, Diffusion Limited Aggregated, Cellular Automata. Then we have to discover what is veiled at first sight and to reflect on the optimal model for the community.
series other
type normal paper
email mbmahiques@hotmail.com
last changed 2005/04/07 10:48

_id ascaad2004_paper13
id ascaad2004_paper13
authors Mandour, Mohamed Alaa
year 2004
title From “Hard Architecture” to “Soft Architecture”: Architecture Form in the 21st Century
source eDesign in Architecture: ASCAAD's First International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design, 7-9 December 2004, KFUPM, Saudi Arabia
summary The digital revolution is affecting not only the way we produce drawings, but also the way we think about architecture. Such expressionistic, neo-baroque forms would have been unthinkable without higher technology, which allows for customization at a massive scale. Three dimensional computation extends the architect's range, permitting a wealth of experimentation, any form seems possible, the architecture language, the vocabulary changed, and the way design thinking has various dimensions. Within a short space of time the computer has become a widely accepted feature of architecture, both in the design process and in the everyday operation of buildings, and we are constantly aware that the computer's introductions into architecture will eventually have farreaching consequences. After all, the current revolution is not just about the computer as a tool but about its role and effect on the form of architecture and thinking This paper will discuss what form will architecture take in the next years? Will every future problem be anticipated, developing more efficient solutions? Will projects reflect meaningful architecture, for dynamic and contemplative environments and for aesthetic quality? And, how we will stand this unavoidable futurism?
series ASCAAD
email alaa_mandour2004@yahoo.com
last changed 2007/04/08 17:47

_id ijac20042307
id ijac20042307
authors Manes, Sergio
year 2004
title Architectural Representation Software: a Design Tool
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 2 - no. 3, 403-422
summary In the last decades, design processes have been approached with absolutely new representation techniques: digital media. This new tool was naturally incorporated to the architectural task not only in universities but also in Architectural offices. However, their evolution and utilization have been so sudden that their impact on the design object could not be properly assessed. Simply they stated to be used by translating analogical representation techniques into the digital media. In the Latin American context, in which the media interaction paradigm has not yet been completely established within universities and teachers, this work presents an exploration of the underlying ideas contained in the architectural representation software, as well as a series of exercises intended to teach how to use digital media as a design tool, instead of teaching how to use them as a mere representation tool.
series journal
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id 519caadria2004
id 519caadria2004
authors Mao-Lin Chiu, Rui-Lung Wu, Rui-Zhang Peng, Chih-Chun Huang
year 2004
title BEING THERE: FROM THE PHYSICAL TO VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS
source CAADRIA 2004 [Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] Seoul Korea 28-30 April 2004, pp. 969-981
summary The creation of virtual environments is becoming an important issue in digital design. The purpose of this paper is therefore to explore the transformation from the physical to the virtual environment from a social and behavioral point of views, and the process is demonstrated by a museum exhibition project. We had built both the physical and virtual environment, and studied the human behaviors and experiences from their presence at both environments. Agent-based interface is adopted in the virtual environment to enhance people-to-people and people-to-place interactions. The development process, the observation, the interface agent, and discussion based on the findings are presented.
series CAADRIA
type normal paper
email mc2p@mail.ncku.edu.tw
last changed 2004/05/20 17:43

_id 201caadria2004
id 201caadria2004
authors Marc Aurel Schnabel, Steve K S Kuan and Weidong Li
year 2004
title 3D Transformations - 3D Scanning, Digital Modelling, Rapid Prototyping and Physical Depiction
source CAADRIA 2004 [Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] Seoul Korea 28-30 April 2004, pp. 227-238
summary We investigate the creation and reinterpretation of an architectural design process using a variety of digital and physical media. We study how tools for design influence perception, comprehension and creation of spatial volumes within both Virtual Environments (VE) and physical realms. We explain how designers translate spatial volumes and communicate architectural design ideas by using VE and conventional models. In a series of reinterpretation of architectural meanings we examine the translation of threedimensional design from virtual to tangible depictions and vice versa. We conduct a design-studio in order to explore issues of quality, understanding, communication and building of architectural compositions. VE can be an environment for design distinguishable and facilitating reality. We test this statement by interchanging both realms to that extent that the boundaries of each one are nearly dismantled. Virtuality and reality are both used in alternative formand design-finding exercises in order to gain an overall conclusive design.
series CAADRIA
email marcaurel@hku.hk
last changed 2004/05/20 16:46

_id sigradi2004_342
id sigradi2004_342
authors Marcela Pizzi; Andrés Cavieres; Eleonor Pérez
year 2004
title Hacia una semiótica de la hiperciudad [Towards a Semiotics of the Hypercity]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This research is the summing up of an investigation carried out within the frame of a undergraduated architectural seminary at Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo de la Universidad de Chile. During one semester, the research focused on finding the most relevant and recognizable features related with the globalization phenomena and the new technologies of communication that are taking place in the city. Inquiring new types of relationships which might be generating between citizens and their territory is the main achievement. More specifically, we want to explore new meanings that the contemporary city might have for people, from their different social, economical and cultural conditions. The analysis considers three points of view or definitions: Capitalist Definition, Political Definition and Sociological Definition.
keywords Hypercity, urban image, territory, citizens
series SIGRADI
email mpizzi@uchile.cl, acaviere@uchile.cl, eleonor@esfera.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id sigradi2004_195
id sigradi2004_195
authors Marcelo Iserhardt Ritzel; Gabriel Fontanet Nadal
year 2004
title Uso de inteligencia artificial en las interacciones a partir de las representaciones gráficas en las interfaces [Using Artificial Intelligence in interactions based on interface graphic representations]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary The agent's modelling, starting from the conception of Systems Intelligent Tutors (SIT), it is shown, in several application areas, an interesting and solid solution to the development of environments that they are more adapted your users, as well as to growing evolution of the Technologies of Information and Communication (TIC). The use of the agents. technology in projects of SIT propitiates the exploration of the domain in a more dynamic way, allowing your more complex representation with smaller cost of the computation and using more representative interfaces in the than he refers to the movements of elements (objects) and your interrelations, as in the case of simulations of phenomena physical, chemical and biological.
keywords Systems Intelligent Tutors, Interface, Artificial Intelligence, Graphics Representations
series SIGRADI
email ritzel@feevale.br, gfontanet@uib.es
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id sigradi2004_071
id sigradi2004_071
authors Marcelo Payssé; Magela Bielli; Juan Pablo Portillo; Fernando Rischewski
year 2004
title Proyecto de automatización de cálculos estructurales para programas cadî, uso de herramientas informáticas en la enseñanza del cálculo estructural en la facultad de arquitectura [Automation Project of Structural Calculations for CAD Programs - Use of Digital Tools for Structural Calculations in the School of Architecture]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This paper describes the implementation of Automated Structural Calculations For CAD Programs. We aim to develop a newly conceived software prioritizing the analysis and structural design in the conceptual aspect, linking the calculation with the usual graphic procedures by means of a specific application for local education methodology, that will be intellectual property of our University. It refers the methodology applied in the implementation of the program and the pedagogical aspect we considered. The software is developped as a macro programmed in open source code (Visual Basic Application) with data-input and data output generated in AutoCAD 2000. The specific objectives are: to obtain significant improvements in the habitual resolution standards of complex exercises, to obtain suitable software with free distribution for academic purposes with minimum costs and develop an adequate instrument to the specific architects . work modality in our faculty.
keywords Academic experiences, structural calculation, structural representation
series SIGRADI
email paysse@farq.edu.uy, magela@farq.edu.uy, jpportillo@farq.edu.uy, asfr@adinet.com.uy
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id sigradi2004_435
id sigradi2004_435
authors Marcelo Tramontano
year 2004
title Habitar a cidade: Exercício de projeto à distância [Dwelling in the City: The Exercise of a Long-Distance Project]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This paper targets to report the experience of a virtual design studio called Habitar a Cidade, or Living within the City. From march to july 2004, six brazillian universities. teachers and students groups in Architecture, living in five different brazillian states, were gathered by internet-based communication, and all of their design products have been displayed in specially designed websites. Furthermore, different ways of communicating have been used: messenger chats, e-mails, newsgroups, including the exchange of graphic files. The challenge of this experience was to put in relation schools with inequal levels both in computer equipments and computing design capacities. This paper aims at reading in a very preliminary way the relationship between the use of internet means and the studio.s activities . main goals. As a major conclusion, and despite some organization difficulties, the low cost of the experience and the relative easyness of its development are great reasons to redo it.
keywords Virtual design studio, internet, architectural design
series SIGRADI
email tramont@sc.usp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id sigradi2004_224
id sigradi2004_224
authors Marcelo Tramontano; Denise Mônaco dos Santos
year 2004
title Comunidades territoriais ñ dimensões virtuais [Territorial Communities - Virtual Dimensions]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary The research on contemporary habitation spaces has much to do with the study of the relationship between new media and everyday life. This paper presents a huge ongoing research which intends to discuss, on a conceptual basis, those relationships in different ways. The goal of the research work is to collect and to examine data produced by the intervention in a real community, at Cidade Tiradentes district, in the city of San Paolo. A collaborative multi-users interfaces is being specially designed, supported by different kinds of electronic equipments. The project aims at analyzing the utilization of those information and communication technologies, and its impact in poor communities. As a hypothesis, we want to verify if the access to informations will be able to make larger the social interactions and to improve the creation of new services, in order to guarantee a better quality of life.
keywords Virtual communities, information and communication technologies, digital divide, multi-users interfaces
series SIGRADI
email tramont@sc.usp.br, demonaco@sc.usp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id 2004_480
id 2004_480
authors Mark, Earl
year 2004
title Inter-related Scaled Models of the Built and Natural Environment: Merging CAD with Satellite Image Viewing
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 480-488
summary By inter-relating CAD and satellite image earth-viewing tools at building specific, city-wide and larger global scales, a wider framework of observation yields insight into the connectedness between built environments and tracking influences between them. The technologies for visualization and analysis at distinct scales are moving towards greater integration. This project demonstrates integration through three case studies, each at a different scale of application, and considers performance issues and implications for more general use. More specifically, CAD, GIS and now Satellite Image Based Earth Viewing systems all have found separate application within Architecture, Urban Planning and Strategic Regional Analysis This paper reports on an effort to test the tighter coupling of these systems on three projects, each at a different scale: (1) urban and regional scale, (2) continental scale, and (3) hemispheric analysis scale.
keywords CAD, Earth Viewer, Digital Terrain Model, Comprehensive Plan, Architectural Review Board, Computer Animation
series eCAADe
email ejmark@virginia.edu
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

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