CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 121 to 140 of 565

_id sigradi2004_377
id sigradi2004_377
authors David Sperling, Ton Marar
year 2004
title Situs - Um glossário de topologia na www [Situs - A WWW-Glossary of Topology]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This paper relates the experience of research, organization and construction of a Topology glossary in the www specially destinated to the Architecture and Design fields. The structure of the site links topology.s concepts to images and animations. Also, projects, objects and architecture theoretic texts that establish relations with the sistematized topology.s concepts are briefly commented. Having, just now, a great field of interrelations to be investigated between Topology and Architecture-Design areas, Situs intends, been a work in progress, to contribute in a conceptual and propositive way to the understanding of Topology and to transdisciplinary dialogues in the future. Situs can be acessed in: http://www.icmc.usp.br/~walmarar/arqtop/gloss.html.
keywords Topology, conceptual investigation, epistemology, space, contemporary architecture
series SIGRADI
email sperling@sc.usp.br, ton@icmc.usp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id ecaaderis2018_103
id ecaaderis2018_103
authors Davidová, Marie and Prokop, Šimon
year 2018
title TreeHugger - The Eco-Systemic Prototypical Urban Intervention
source Odysseas Kontovourkis (ed.), Sustainable Computational Workflows [6th eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 9789491207143], Department of Architecture, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus, 24-25 May 2018, pp. 75-84
keywords The paper discusses co-design, development, production, application of TreeHugger (see Figure 1). The co-design among community and trans-disciplinary participants with different expertise required scope of media mix, switching between analogue, digital and back again. This involves different degrees of physical and digital 'GIGA-Mapping' (Sevaldson, 2011, 2015), 'Grasshopper3d' (Davidson, 2017) scripting and mix of digital and analogue fabrication to address the real life world. The critical participation of this 'Time-Based Design' (Sevaldson, 2004, 2005) process is the interaction of the prototype with eco-systemic agency of the adjacent environment - the eco-systemic performance. The TreeHugger is a responsive solid wood insect hotel, generating habitats and edible landscaping (Creasy, 2004) on bio-tope in city centre of Prague. To extend the impact, the code was uploaded for communities to download, local-specifically edit and apply worldwide. Thus, the fusion of discussed processes is multi-scaled and multi-layered, utilised in emerging design field: Systemic Approach to Architectural Performance.
series eCAADe
email marie.davidova@gmail.com
last changed 2018/05/29 12:33

_id ijac20032103
id ijac20032103
authors de Vries, Bauke
year 2004
title A Nobel Prize for CAAD
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 2 - no. 1
summary Fundamental questions about the status of CAAD research arise regularly on different levels and under different circumstances. Apparently there is no common understanding about this, causing confusion, which in itself is already bad for the status of CAAD research. In this article I will discuss the CAAD research approach as I find it at most architecture and engineering groups, by comparing it to research in the traditional science domain. Some differences can be explained from the nature of design, but others' have more historical reasons. To conclude I propose a long-term strategy for scientific CAAD research, namely: (i) Build your own community, (ii) Establish prestigious journals and prizes and (iii) Improve quality by natural selection. Eventually this will bring us the recognition for CAAD research that it deserves.
series journal
email b.d.vries@bwk.tue.nl
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id 20ff
id 20ff
authors Derix, Christian
year 2004
title Building a Synthetic Cognizer
source Design Computation Cognition conference 2004, MIT
summary Understanding ‘space’ as a structured and dynamic system can provide us with insight into the central concept in the architectural discourse that so far has proven to withstand theoretical framing (McLuhan 1964). The basis for this theoretical assumption is that space is not a void left by solid matter but instead an emergent quality of action and interaction between individuals and groups with a physical environment (Hillier 1996). In this way it can be described as a parallel distributed system, a self-organising entity. Extrapolating from Luhmann’s theory of social systems (Luhmann 1984), a spatial system is autonomous from its progenitors, people, but remains intangible to a human observer due to its abstract nature and therefore has to be analysed by computed entities, synthetic cognisers, with the capacity to perceive. This poster shows an attempt to use another complex system, a distributed connected algorithm based on Kohonen’s self-organising feature maps – SOM (Kohonen 1997), as a “perceptual aid” for creating geometric mappings of these spatial systems that will shed light on our understanding of space by not representing space through our usual mechanics but by constructing artificial spatial cognisers with abilities to make spatial representations of their own. This allows us to be shown novel representations that can help us to see new differences and similarities in spatial configurations.
keywords architectural design, neural networks, cognition, representation
series other
type poster
email christian.derix@aedas.com
more http://www.springer.com/computer/ai/book/978-1-4020-2392-7
last changed 2012/09/17 19:13

_id ijac20097405
id ijac20097405
authors Derix, Christian
year 2009
title In-Between Architecture Computation
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 4, 565-586
summary In-Between Architecture Computation describes the evolution of the Computational Design approach at the AedasR&D Computational Design and Research group founded in 2004 at Aedas architects in London. The approach has transformed itself from an academic inspired thinking about computing media to a more flexible model of design heuristics and search algorithms that finally start to produce new hybrid design workflows in the industry while also swimming against the industry trend of super-integration software. Only if computing is not exclusively defined through architectural design intent or purely computing logic, does computational design explore new design thinking.
series journal
last changed 2010/09/06 06:02

_id ddss2004_d-253
id ddss2004_d-253
authors Deshpande, N., B. de Vries, and J.P. van Leeuwen
year 2004
title Collocated, Multi-Disciplinary, Collaborative Designspace
source Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) Developments in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Eindhoven: Eindhoven University of Technology, ISBN 90-6814-155-4, p. 253-268
summary This review identifies the research findings in the area of computer mediated, collocated, multi-disciplinary collaborative design. After a general look into this and related research areas, three influencing aspects of collaborative design are reviewed. Design activities, working together, and collaborative systems that fit into various work practices. Finally, we note missing points of research in the area of collocated, multi-disciplinary, collaborative design.
keywords Collocated Multi-Disciplinary Collaborative Design (CMCD), Shared Understanding, Computer Supported Collaborative Work (CSCW), Group Activity, Design Space, Groupware
series DDSS
last changed 2004/07/03 20:13

_id ddss2004_ra-145
id ddss2004_ra-145
authors Devisch, O.T.J., H.J.P. Timmermans, T.A. Arentze, and A.W.J. Borgers
year 2004
title Towards a Generic MultiAgent Engine for the Simulation of Spatial Behavioural Processes
source Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) Recent Advances in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, ISBN: 1-4020-2408-8, p. 145-160
summary SwarmCity is being developed as a micro-simulation model, simulating the location-choice behaviour of a population of households, retailers, firms, developers, etc. reacting to an urban plan. The focus of SwarmCity lies –in a first phase- on the decision-making procedures of households, conceptualised as a series of three processes: awakening, search and choice. The methodology used to implement these processes makes use of life-time utility and decisionanalysis trees. The final model should work as a scenario-analysis tool, allowing planners, developers, retailers and municipalities to test interventionproposals, to evaluate legislations, to measure the attractiveness of services, to quantify residential mobility, etc. This paper illustrates the state of the art in household location-choice modelling and introduces a first attempt in developing a conceptual framework.
keywords Micro Simulation, Multi-Agent Systems, Spatial Simulation Models, Scenario Analysis, Heuristic Decision-Making, Location-Choice Behaviour, DecisionAnalysis Trees, Residential Mobility, Lifetime Utility
series DDSS
last changed 2004/07/03 20:13

_id ddss2004_ra-33
id ddss2004_ra-33
authors Diappi, L., P. Bolchim, and M. Buscema
year 2004
title Improved Understanding of Urban Sprawl Using Neural Networks
source Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) Recent Advances in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, ISBN: 14020-2408-8, p. 33-49
summary It is widely accepted that the spatial pattern of settlements is a crucial factor affecting quality of life and environmental sustainability, but few recent studies have attempted to examine the phenomenon of sprawl by modelling the process rather than adopting a descriptive approach. The issue was partly addressed by models of land use and transportation which were mainly developed in the UK and US in the 1970s and 1980s, but the major advances were made in the area of modelling transportation, while very little was achieved in the area of spatial and temporal land use. Models of land use and transportation are well-established tools, based on explicit, exogenouslyformulated rules within a theoretical framework. The new approaches of artificial intelligence, and in particular, systems involving parallel processing, (Neural Networks, Cellular Automata and Multi-Agent Systems) defined by the expression “Neurocomputing”, allow problems to be approached in the reverse, bottom-up, direction by discovering rules, relationships and scenarios from a database. In this article we examine the hypothesis that territorial micro-transformations occur according to a local logic, i.e. according to use, accessibility, the presence of services and conditions of centrality, periphericity or isolation of each territorial “cell” relative to its surroundings. The prediction capabilities of different architectures of supervised Neural networks are implemented to the south Metropolitan area of Milan at two different temporal thresholds and discussed. Starting from data on land use in 1980 and 1994 and by subdividing the area into square cells on an orthogonal grid, the model produces a spatial and functional map of urbanisation in 2008. An implementation of the SOM (Self Organizing Map) processing to the Data Base allows the typologies of transformation to be identified, i.e. the classes of area which are transformed in the same way and which give rise to territorial morphologies; this is an interesting by-product of the approach.
keywords Neural Networks, Self-Organizing Maps, Land-Use Dynamics, Supervised Networks
series DDSS
last changed 2004/07/03 20:13

_id avocaad_2003_15
id avocaad_2003_15
authors Dietmar Lorenz
year 2003
title Communication Playground01
source LOCAL VALUES in a NETWORKED DESIGN WORLD - ADDED VALUE OF COMPUTER AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN, Stellingwerff, Martijn and Verbeke, Johan (Eds.), (2004) DUP Science - Delft University Press, ISBN 90-407-2507-1.
summary The Communication Playground01-Project represents an experimental game structure, where new communication strategies in the Internet can be tested in a game situation. The realisation basis is provided by the first-person shooter game `Quake III`. The idea is to create personal, demanding virtual realities in which individuals can meet and communicate via the Internet. The implementation of Avatars enables the individual to receive visual feedback from the chat partner in real time. In order to create an appropriate environment to experiment, a game was developed to promote and also provoke these requirements purposefully.
keywords Architecture, Local values, Globalisation, Computer Aided Architectural Design
series AVOCAAD
email lorenzdi@web.de
last changed 2006/01/16 20:38

_id avocaad_2003_16
id avocaad_2003_16
authors Dietmar Lorenz
year 2003
title Statements for the conference workshop
source LOCAL VALUES in a NETWORKED DESIGN WORLD - ADDED VALUE OF COMPUTER AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN, Stellingwerff, Martijn and Verbeke, Johan (Eds.), (2004) DUP Science - Delft University Press, ISBN 90-407-2507-1.
summary no summary available
keywords Architecture, Local values, Globalisation, Computer Aided Architectural Design
series AVOCAAD
email lorenzdi@web.de
last changed 2006/01/16 20:38

_id ddss2004_d-127
id ddss2004_d-127
authors Dijkstra, J., H.J.P. Timmermans, and B. de Vries
year 2004
title Data Requirements for the Amanda Model System
source Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) Developments in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Eindhoven: Eindhoven University of Technology, ISBN 90-6814-1554, p. 127-139
summary The Amanda model system uses a multi-agent approach in an attempt to simulate pedestrian dynamic destination and route choice. Data collecting efforts are needed to calibrate the model. This paper discusses these data requirements.
keywords Multi-Agent Systems, Activity Modelling, Pedestrian Behaviour
series DDSS
last changed 2004/07/03 20:13

_id 2004_333
id 2004_333
authors Donath, Dirk and Tonn, Christian
year 2004
title How to Design Colour Schemes? Conceptual Tools for the Architectural Design
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 333-341
summary The paper describes the concept and development of software to support the architectural design and planning of colour schemes for interiors and buildings. “Coloured Architecture” is a plausibility instrument for the formulation of colour scheme proposals for building interiors and elevations. In practice colours schemes are arrived at through the production of many different colour design studies before a final colour scheme is decided upon. With the help of intuitively usable light simulations, colour, material and spatial concepts can be assessed realistically. The development concept incorporates numerous aspects which must be considered in the selection of a colour scheme: colour schemes for built environments must be realisable . This initial development prototype already demonstrates the added value possible through the consequent use of CAAD: function, construction and not least design aspects have equal status and can be worked upon in direct relation with one another.
keywords CAAD, Colour Schemes, Architecture, Planning Process, Plausibility, Added Value, On Site Support
series eCAADe
email donath@architektur.uni-weimar.de
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id ascaad2004_paper19
id ascaad2004_paper19
authors Donath, Dirk; Christian Tonn
year 2004
title Plausibility in Architectural Design: Software Support for the Architect-Oriented Design of Colour Schemes for Interiors and Buildings
source eDesign in Architecture: ASCAAD's First International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design, 7-9 December 2004, KFUPM, Saudi Arabia
summary The approach discussed here is part of research into an overall concept for digital instruments which support the entire planning process and help in enabling planning decisions to be based upon clear reasoning and plausible arguments. The paper describes a plausibility instrument for the formulation of colour scheme proposals for building interiors and elevations. With the help of intuitively usable light simulations, colour, material and spatial concepts can be assessed realistically. The software prototype “Coloured Architecture” is conceived as a professional extension to conventional design tools for the modelling of buildings. As such it can be used by the architect in the earliest design phases of the planning process as well as for colour implementation on location.
series ASCAAD
email donath@archit.uni-weimar.de
last changed 2007/04/08 17:47

_id sigradi2004_240
id sigradi2004_240
authors Dora Castañé; Arturo F. Montagu
year 2004
title Mercedes: De lo sustentable al ecoproyecto en poblados con patrimonio histórico [Mercedes: A Sustainable Ecoproject in Towns with Historical Patrimony]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This proposal addresses the following topic of a doctoral thesis in progress: The Evolution and Development of Digitized Processes for the Research and Maintenance of Small Town Patrimonies, School and Architecture and Urban Design, University of Buenos Aires, co-directed by architects A. Montagu and R. Gutierrez. The research has been based on the town of Mercedes, Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, symbols of Buenos Aires.s cultural heritage. At this stage, we are looking for alternative methods to support a project of patrimonial preservation that would help define future landscapes of small towns, and, at the same time, would have minimal or positive environmental impact. This analysis proposes reflexive studies of the paradigms affecting the environment and the feasibility of the project, with the intention of utilizing the concept of .ecoproject.. Therefore, the crucial assistance of specific digital systems, from which evolution is analyzed, supports and enhances the efficiency of the proposed goal. New and broad research opportunities are opening up in this field.
keywords Patrimony, research, virtual city, preservation
series SIGRADI
email dcastane@elsitio.net
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id 2004_174
id 2004_174
authors Duarte, José P., Caldas, Luisa G. and Rocha, João
year 2004
title Free-form Ceramics - Design and Production of Complex Architectural Forms with Ceramic Elements
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 174-183
summary This paper describes a studio experiment developed with the aim of exploring the design and fabrication of complex architectural forms using ceramic elements. History has examples of double-sided curved forms built in ceramics. Such examples would not fulfill contemporary functional and aesthetic principles, neither would they be feasible or cost-effective considering current construction standards. There are recent examples of such forms built in other materials. These examples are difficult to emulate when ceramics is concerned, as they imply the fabrication of unique parts and sophisticated assembly techniques. Creating a double-curved surface in ceramics thus seems a difficult task. There are, however, advantages to such a formulation of design problems. They prompt the questioning of traditional wisdom, the rejection of accepted types, and the raising of interesting questions. What are the design strategies that should be followed when creating ceramic free-forms? What is the design media required to design them? And what are the techniques needed to fabricate and construct them? These are the questions investigated in the design project pursued jointly by students at an American and a Portuguese school, in collaboration with a professional research center and a ceramics factory. The students tested various possibilities, and in the process learned about state-of-art design and production techniques. The final projects are very expressive of their investigations and include a twisted glass tunnel, large-scale ceramic ‘bubbles,’ a rotated-tile wall, and a load-bearing wall system.
keywords Design Education: Rapid Prototyping; Remote Collaboration; Ceramics; Innovation; Free-Form Architecture
series eCAADe
email jduarte@civil.ist.utl.pt
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id 041029_duerr-c
id 041029_duerr-c
authors Dürr, Christian
year 2004
title MORPHOGENESIS – EVOLUTION OF SHAPE; IMAGINATION AMPLIFIER VERSION 1.0
source ETH postgraduate studies final thesis, Zurich
summary The advent of computer technologies in the design-processes has already taken place, is meanwhile ordinary. New design perspectives are opened, and an almost inexhaustable form repertoire is available, even buildable - ‘Nothing is impossible‘. This thesis work deals only with a small clip from there. Essentially it consists of two parts: » MORPHOGENESIS – Evolution of Shape « describes the present situation of generating shape with the help of computers. Some of the technologies that are used for, as comupter-morphing or evolutionary programming, are examined more closely here. »IMAGINATION AMPLIFIER Version 1.0« is an interactive Form-Generator for houses - a House-Machine. The program deals with the possibilities of interpolation and morphing between two, 3 dimensional, states (Startand Target-House) configured by the user. As an output–result, the generator depicts the put in number of steps in between, with characteristic values like cubical contents (V), surface quadrature (A) and the relation between V/A. All the results are stored in a database, where it is possible to select from for new morphing operations, to get in the end closer to a more optimized shape.
series thesis:MSc
type normal paper
last changed 2005/09/09 11:13

_id 041222_ebnoether-i
id 041222_ebnoether-i
authors Ebnöther, If
year 2004
title SkinChair
source ETH postgraduate studies final thesis, Zurich
summary The skin chair project is an exploration of some of the possibilities that CNC technologies offer for designers and makers. At the center of attention is the fascination with the possibility of small-scale, on-demand production without the need for large investments in tooling. A lot of work has already been done in this field. The skin chair project aims to examine a few aspects using specific tools available at ETH Hönggerberg. The idea for the skin chair emerged from a commercial project where I learnt how difficult it can be to manufacture a threedimensional seating surface for a chair in steel. The constructional concept of the skin chair is simple: two ribs at either side of the chair define the shape, a skin (a thin material) is wrapped around these thus a hollow volume is created. The simple principle lends itself to parameterisation and thus the creation of many variants of the intial design. In an attempt to approximate a real-life product scenario, a number of components of the workflow were prototyped.
series thesis:MSc
last changed 2005/09/09 10:58

_id sigradi2004_169
id sigradi2004_169
authors Edison Pratini
year 2004
title An experience on supporting the learning of technical graphics and improving visualization
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This paper presents an experience of applying computer graphics, virtual reality and Internet resources in the teaching of technical graphics in engineering and design courses at the University of Brasilia, Brazil. Our motivation was the fact that most of the students have a lack of previous knowledge on the basis of drawings, resulting difficulties in both understanding and visualizing technical drawings. As an experimental method, we introduced VRML 3D modeling in addition to CAD and regular pencil-and-paper drawings study and practice. To better support learning, we first provided a website with animations and virtual reality resources, avoiding the usual textbook metaphor. Since 2003 we are providing a CD-ROM containing all the former website material which is updated each semester. This experience is intended to improve the learning in a way that motivates the students. Classes, website and CD-ROM material was conceived to take advantage of computers´ interactivity and animated resources.
keywords Distance learning, interactivity, Internet, technical graphics, 3D modeling
series SIGRADI
email pratini@unb.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:51

_id sigradi2004_404
id sigradi2004_404
authors Eduardo Lyon
year 2004
title Artificial intelligence and emergence in architecture: A multi-agent based model for design processes
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary The purpose of this paper is to provide an alternative approach to traditional design process formulation and elaboration. In contrast to traditional models of design process fundamentally defined by the abstract manipulation of objects, this study recognizes that the resources available for rethinking architecture are to be found in a reformulation of its theory and practice. This reformulation should be based on non-linear design processes in which dynamic emergence and invention take the place of a linear design process fixed on a particular object evolution. Design is possible to be defined in two different and commonly confused ways; one as the process of designing or design activity and the second as the product of designing. In this study, we are concerned with design as a process to emphasize the misconceptions, derived from studying design products solely. Therefore, we propose a change from a design knowledge based on objects to a one focused on design as a network of processes.
series SIGRADI
email eduardo.lyon@coa.gatech.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:51

_id sigradi2004_439
id sigradi2004_439
authors Eduardo Mascarenhas Santos
year 2004
title A disciplina habitar a cidade e o conceito de ateliê virtual de projeto [The course "Dwelling in the City" and the Concept of a Virtual Design Studio]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary This paper integrates a set of articles, from different authors, on the subject of creating a Brazilian .Virtual Design Studio. called .Habitar a Cidade. (.To inhabit the City.). This article analyzes the specific experience of the Virtual Studio .Habitar a Cidade., in opposition to the concept of a VDS and in a comparative perspective to another VDS experience already carried in the past, in order to identify common issues and specific aspects that differentiate them. It also discusses how much methodological questions are determinant in a VDS and how, in academic virtual studios, this aspect can be more significant than the technological ones. This is especially important considering the technological limitations, related to the economic limitations of Brazilian universities and society.
series SIGRADI
email ems@ufmg.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:51

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