CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 81 to 100 of 548

_id caadria2005_a_7a_d
id caadria2005_a_7a_d
authors Chieh-Jen Lin, Mao-Lin Chiu
year 2005
title Ontology Based Design Knowledge Detective Agent
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 239-250
summary Design knowledge abstracted from cases is important for designers. This paper is aimed to build an agent to detect those correlations between explicit features of design cases and relevant design problems. Using the data mining algorithm, we have accumulated a list of keywords about design problems and their relevant concept from textual information of a case library, and established their semantic ontology by clustering their semantic and sentence structural relations from previous studies. Meanwhile, we also established another hierarchical ontology of explicit design case features by applying design domain knowledge. Then, through mapping semantic relations of relevant keywords between two ontologies, the system will become more sensitive to the correlations of design case features and relevant design problems. Finally, a graphical interface is built to visualize these correlations and help user to recognize useful design knowledge cached in design cases.
series CAADRIA
email t60011@ms.twcat.eu.tw, mc2p@mail.ncku.edu.tw
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id 2005_467
id 2005_467
authors Guéna, François
year 2005
title Assisting 3D Modeling from Documents
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 467-476
summary This paper presents research in computer modeling that ARIAM team of the school of architecture of Paris La Villette has been developing for several years. One of the aims of this research group is to develop computer systems that assist architects in modeling existing buildings or monuments from heterogeneous documents or data as drawings plans, sections, photos, measures taken on site etc. In spite of advances in computer recognition it’s a long way to have a system that could automatically recognize, from any bitmap document or photo, relevant architectural objects and automatically build the model these documents represent. However, if we could define a knowledge base about a particular domain, it would be possible to develop a system that could interpret specific documents that represent some kind of building or monuments. But, even in such limited domain, it is difficult to build an exhaustive knowledge base and user-interactions are generally required. We argue that a user could mark relevant information on the documents and thus facilitate the process of interpreting. The system we propose has three components: a graphical user interaction tool, an analyzer of documents and user interactions, and a generative tool that produces the required model. As an illustration, the paper presents a system we have developed which assists an architect in modeling a 3D mesh of gothic vaults for a finite elements analysis.
keywords 3D Modeling; Restitution; Knowledge Base System; Meshing; Gothic Vaults
series eCAADe
email fguena@paris-lavillette.archi.fr
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id cf2005_2_61_192
id cf2005_2_61_192
authors HOLZER Dominik, TANG Jiwu, XIE Mik2 and BURRY Mark
year 2005
title Design Using Evolutionary Optimisation and Associative Geometry
source Learning from the Past a Foundation for the Future [Special publication of papers presented at the CAAD futures 2005 conference held at the Vienna University of Technology / ISBN 3-85437-276-0], Vienna (Austria) 20-22 June 2005, pp. 243-254
summary This paper describes the usage of parametric design and evolutionary optimisation techniques in architect-engineer collaborations. It discusses the apparent challenges in setting up a trans-disciplinary working-platform that cuts across profession-specific boundaries and negotiates between the otherwise distinct work-methodologies through the use of intelligent CAAD applications. Two approaches to architectural form finding have been combined in this research. The first, parametric design, uses a proprietary package as a key element to the organisation and reorganisation of architectural design. By doing so, it is providing it with intrinsic flexibility allowing designers to go beyond form and accommodate performance data for versioning. The second, ESO (Evolutionary Structural Optimisation), is an engineering tool based on the use of finite element analysis (FEA) capable of optimising the formal geometry of an object to obtain minimum volume under even stress-distribution through an iterative design process. In undertaking this research it became apparent that different levels of resolution need to be addressed in the form-finding process in order to investigate the full potential of the interactive use of parametric design and evolutionary optimisation. The case studies reflect this diversity and demonstrate more successes, limitations and future challenges within the transdisciplinary, collaborative effort.
keywords associative geometry, evolutionary structural optimisation, architect engineer collaboration, finite element analysis
series CAAD Futures
email Dominik.holzer@rmit.edu.au
last changed 2005/05/05 05:06

_id cf2005_2_14_39
id cf2005_2_14_39
authors HYUN-AH Choi and HAN-JONG Jun
year 2005
title A Design Model Using Mutation Shape Emergence
source Learning from the Past a Foundation for the Future [Special publication of papers presented at the CAAD futures 2005 conference held at the Vienna University of Technology / ISBN 3-85437-276-0], Vienna (Austria) 20-22 June 2005, pp. 41-50
summary The ability to recognize properties and characteristics unforeseen in the early stage of design, namely shape emergence, is considered one of vital aspects of human visual perception in creative thinking. This study aims at developing a design model by using an extended theory of shape emergence, mutation shape emergence which we call. The first part of this paper describes the definition of mutational emergent shapes clearly. In the second part, possibility of discovering mutational emergent shapes will be explored through protocol analysis. On the basis of the results of these efforts, we will examine closely the cognitive mechanism to discover mutational emergent shapes. In the last stage, based on our results we propose a design model for understanding the cognitive process implications for training architects.
keywords creativity, design process, mutational emergent shapes, design model
series CAAD Futures
email hyuna7@unitel.co.kr
last changed 2005/05/05 05:06

_id caadria2005_a_2c_a
id caadria2005_a_2c_a
authors Ivan Redi, Andrea Redi
year 2005
title A.N.D.I. - A new Digital Instrument for networked creative collaboration in architecture and net.art
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 209-215
summary A.N.D.I. (A New Digital Instrument), an open source software project, has objective to develop a run-time environment with the focus on the applications for the networked international and cross-disciplinary production in the creative sphere of architecture, urban planning, design and net.art. It is a digital environment which opens the possibilities to generate advanced projects in a networked society. This new working tools will increase the creativity, productivity and competitiveness of the involved actors by drawing upon and developing technologies for virtual, augmented and mixed realities. A.N.D.I. has two basic aspects. On the one hand it is a database driven collaborative environment and on the other hand it will enable the development of future software and tools for networked creative collaboration.
series CAADRIA
email office@ortlos.com
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id sigradi2005_362
id sigradi2005_362
authors Jemtrud, Michael; Konstantin Privalov
year 2005
title “User Controlled LightPath” Enabled Participatory Design Studio: first steps
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 362-368
summary The technical scheme and creative scenario of a new media-based “User Controlled Lightpath Provisioning” (UCLP) enabled “Participatory Design Studio” will be elaborated. This practical collaborative work environment model represents a technologically robust and sophisticated means of communication and sharing of resources that stands to radically transform design processes. UCLP technology is a fibre based software solution designed to enable end-users to create their own discipline or application-specific IP network whose topology and architecture is optimized for their particular applications needs and requirements. A distinction between “task-based collaboration” found in conventional “Virtual Design Studios” and the heterogeneous nature of the “participatory” work environment will be made. UCLP technology provides a secure, large bandwidth, low latency network that can accommodate up to 10Gbps. This capability creates an environment which is not dependent upon traditional low bandwidth requirements for communication, visualization, and production therefore allowing a greater range of desired tools for creative activity.
series SIGRADI
email michael_jemtrud@carleton.ca
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id caadria2017_062
id caadria2017_062
authors Ji, Seung Yeul, Kim, Mi Kyoung and Jun, Han Jong
year 2017
title Campus Space Management Using a Mobile BIM-based Augmented Reality System
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 105-114
summary In South Korea, the changing paradigm of family composition toward single-person households and nuclear families has caused the decrease in number of students, which has led to the need for change in the qualitative, rather than quantitative, management of spaces and facilities on university campuses. In particular, since 2005, the merging of universities have accelerated, which has brought up the need for a system that facilitates the management of integrated university systems. Accordingly, universities now require efficient system operation based on three-dimensional and data visualization, unlike the document-based management of facilities and spaces in the past. Users lack a sense of responsibility for public facilities, causing difficulties such as energy waste and frequent movement, as well as damage and theft of goods. This study aims to form an AR-based interface using the ANPR algorithm, a computer vision technique, and the position-based data of the GPS. It also aims to build a campus space management system to overcome the limitations of current systems and to effectively and systematically manage integrated building data. In addition, for module test verification, the prototype is applied to actual campus spaces, and additional demands for campus space management in the AR application are identified and organized.
keywords augmented reality; Campus space management; BIM; CAFM (computer-aided facilities management); user experience (UX)
series CAADRIA
email musicji83@hanyang.ac.kr
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

_id caadria2005_b_6a_b
id caadria2005_b_6a_b
authors Kai-Tzu Lu, Teng-Wen Chang
year 2005
title Experience Montage in the Virtual Space
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 2, pp. 426-435
summary According to three experimental virtual spaces above, the key factor for experience montage is identified—3D collage. General speaking, the theory of montage describes the connection of space and time. Time is a phenomenon of connection of points. Within 3D virtual space, the influence of Experience Montage generated in the experiments above is examined through the Exploration model (representation + rules + memory + policy = search exploration) proposed by Woodbury in 1996. Through browsing and reading, the originally intact virtual space is dissected into pieces and corners. By duplicated, dismantled and reorganized over this dissected space, a new personalized virtual space is then modeled. As a continuation of previous analysis, latter stages of the study use the Exploration model to explain anew the connection among the representation, rules, memory, and policy of Experience Montage.
series CAADRIA
email tzu@arch.nctu.edu.tw, tengwen@yuntech.edu.tw
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id ijac20053401
id ijac20053401
authors Lai, Ih-Cheng
year 2005
title Dynamic Idea Maps: A Framework for Linking Ideas with Cases during Brainstorming
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 3 - no. 4, 429-447
summary This research makes use of a cognitive study to explore a mechanism for associating ideas during brainstorming. First, we propose a linking model that integrates three principles of idea association (similarity, contrast and contiguity) with two processes of case-based reasoning (retrieval and adaptation). Then, a design experiment and its protocol analysis are conducted in order to identify the types and mechanisms of linkages between ideas and cases, and to explore a computational mechanism for this linking model. Finally, a framework for case-based reasoning to support idea association called Dynamic Idea-Maps (DIM) is proposed, and its mechanism is elucidated.
series journal
more http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/mscp/ijac/2006/00000004/00000001/art00002
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id sigradi2005_085
id sigradi2005_085
authors Layne, Barbara
year 2005
title Twining
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 85-88
summary We are engaged in the process of exploiting gestural signs and pedestrian postures for the purpose of utilizing additional possibilities through the creation of a new Wearable Electronic Garment, as medium for inscription. Animated, cyber-performers move, deform, and re-arrange themselves, augmenting the dimensions of expressiveness/meaning during performance. The cognitive approach produced by thinking in/out of these bodies will similarly trigger changes in consciousness, affecting content and virtual story telling. Together we explore the interaction of text/gestures as movement—as in dance, human day- to-day postures, and our capacity to embody and generate meaning. Cyber dancers use gestures in order to cybernetically inscribe them. The composed gestures become the source of intention that relates to itself; its communicating environment becomes a visualization of the self-reflexivity of both the dance and consciousness. The dance is between worlds of humans, cyber-humans, and the source language as transforms into the domain of visible thought.
series SIGRADI
email sharir@mail.utexas.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:54

_id cf2005_2_54_229
id cf2005_2_54_229
authors LEE Yungil, CHOI Jinwon and LERTLAKKHANAKUL Jumphon
year 2005
title Developing a User Location Prediction Model for Ubiquitous Computing
source Learning from the Past a Foundation for the Future [Special publication of papers presented at the CAAD futures 2005 conference held at the Vienna University of Technology / ISBN 3-85437-276-0], Vienna (Austria) 20-22 June 2005, pp. 215-224
summary Our prediction model is based on the development of “Semantic Location Model.” It embodies geometrical and topological information which can increase the efficiency in prediction and make it easy to manipulate the prediction model. Data mining is being implemented to extract the inhabitant's location patterns generated day by day. As a result, the self-learning system will be able to semantically predict the inhabitant's location in advance. This context-aware system brings about the key component of the ubiquitous computing environment. First, we explain the semantic location model and data mining methods. Then the location prediction model for the ubiquitous computing system is described in details. Finally, the prototype system is introduced to demonstrate and evaluate our prediction model.
keywords prediction, data mining, semantic location model, ubiquitous computing
series CAAD Futures
email whaooer@yonsei.ac.kr
last changed 2005/05/05 05:06

_id acadia05_142
id acadia05_142
authors Lee, Jaewook and Kalay, Yehuda E.
year 2005
title Collaborative Design Approach to Intelligent Environments
source Smart Architecture: Integration of Digital and Building Technologies [Proceedings of the 2005 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 0-9772832-0-8] Savannah (Georgia) 13-16 October 2005, pp. 142-155
summary Intelligent environments are buildings and other settings that can recognize the changing needs of their users and/or the changing nature of their context, and respond to them by adjusting some key environmental parameters (temperature, light, sound, furnishings, etc.). Unlike the currently common approach, which is based on systems theory (i.e., adjusting the parameters of the environment to match some pre-defined use profile), the approach proposed in this paper is based on dynamic, collaborative design: it views the (built) environment as comprised of multiple independent object-agents, each of which is responsible for one small aspect of the environment. Each can sense the immediate changes pertaining to its domain of responsibility, and propose corrective measures, which are negotiated with other agents to form a collective response. The paper hypothesizes that such an approach can be made more context-sensitive and dynamic, is easily scaleable, and can respond to the needs of multiple different users of the environment at the same time. The paper presents the rationale for developing the multi-agent approach, its hypothetical implementation, and its application to hypothetical case studies.
series ACADIA
email jaylee69@berkeley.edu
last changed 2005/10/25 16:52

_id 2005_173
id 2005_173
authors Leeuwen, Jos van, Gassel, Frans van and Otter, Ad den
year 2005
title Collaborative Design in Education
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 173-180
summary Collaboration in design can take place in a physical, social space, in a distributed or virtual environment, or in a combination of both. Design teams use a range of ICT means to support both synchronous and asynchronous communication. While these tools are designed to facilitate collaboration, the collaboration process still requires planning and organisation in a social context, which are activities that students and professionals need to learn. In current practice there is a need for designers and design managers who have the competences to collaborate in design and to organise distributed collaboration processes. At the department of Architecture, Building, and Planning at Eindhoven University of Technology, we have developed a course on Collaborative Design in the Master of Science curriculum. This course addresses both the organisational, social, and technical issues of collaboration in design. The paper introduces the objectives and educational methods used in this course. It describes the experiences of both teachers and students that were gained now that the course was taught in three subsequent years.
keywords Collaborative Design, Multi-disciplinary Design, Computer Support for Collaborative Working, Education, Design Management
series eCAADe
email j.p.v.leeuwen@bwk.tue.nl
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id cf2005_2_36_65
id cf2005_2_36_65
authors LIAO Kai and HAN Chia Y.
year 2005
title Collective Pavilions: A Generative Architectural Modelling for Traditional Chinese Pagoda
source Learning from the Past a Foundation for the Future [Special publication of papers presented at the CAAD futures 2005 conference held at the Vienna University of Technology / ISBN 3-85437-276-0], Vienna (Austria) 20-22 June 2005, pp. 129-138
summary This paper investigates generative architectural modelling for traditional Chinese architecture and aims to explore and extend the potential of adaptive computing for architectural design methods. The design manners analysis of traditional pagodas architectures is made in a holistic view and under historical perspective. We propose a descriptive model and generative system for the design of traditional Chinese pagodas, by which each pagoda is defined as a collection of style-matched and form-coordinated pavilions and described by both topological graphs and variant geometrical units. Our approach models both of the building geometry and space organization/spatial patterns of pagodas separately. The generative mechanism consists of a framework of grammar-based design and parametric, recursive shape computation. Accordingly, the generative algorithm is also made of two levels, the topology of spatial patterns and the shape geometrical parameters that characterize pavilion variations. The algorithm for computing the former is based on GP (Genetic Programming) and the latter GA (Genetic Algorithms). To explore the collective behaviour of a group of pavilions, multi-agent modelling approach is incorporated in composition patterns search. A prototype system, 'glPagoda', using the OpenGL graphics library for rendering and visualization, has been developed and implemented on PC windows platform.
keywords pagoda, grammar-based design, multi-agent modelling, generative design system
series CAAD Futures
email liao_kai@yahoo.com, liaok@email.uc.edu
last changed 2005/05/05 05:06

_id caadria2005_a_1b_d
id caadria2005_a_1b_d
authors M. Bouattour, G.Halin, Jc. Bignon, P. Triboulot
year 2005
title A cooperative model using semantic works dedicated to architectural design
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 94-104
summary Architectural cooperative design as well as information modeling have been active research areas for several decades. The use of systems adapted to the cooperative design assistance for the building domain is complex. This results from the complexity of the cooperative work (difficulties in tracking actor’s work, lack of most of the required information, coordination problems, implicit nature of most of the construction activities, etc.) The main objective of our research in these domains is to develop a tool that helps the management of a building project and aids cooperative design. So, in the first part of this article, we propose to view the exchanging data mode and cooperation tools in the building domain. The second part of this article illustrates the existing cooperative design models. Then we justify the interest shown in a new model of cooperative design where the relational organization of the project and the semantic meaning of works are taken into account. Finally, we use this new model for defining a design-aided tool, to deduce advantages and limits of the “Virtual Cooperative Project”.
series CAADRIA
email bouattou@crai.archi.fr
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id 2005_055
id 2005_055
authors Moloney, Jules
year 2005
title Game Engines and Virtual Design Studios
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 55-62
summary A discussion of the outcomes from the use of a game engine based collaborative virtual environment for virtual design studios. By way of introduction the use of a game engine is positioned between the high end visualization capabilities of immersive VR, and the high dimensional accuracy of 3D CAD. Software development, which address problems related to content creation and communication lag, are reported. This is supplemented with a more general discussion of the motivations for design collaboration between architectural schools. We confer with other researchers that lack of engagement is more related to pedagogy, then as a result of technical issues. In conclusion we discuss the potential of game play to enhance virtual design studios in terms of engagement and deliberation
keywords Collaborative Virtual Environments, Game Engines, Pedagogy
series eCAADe
email j.moloney@auckland.ac.nz
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id 2005_189
id 2005_189
authors Morozumi, Mitsuo, Murakami, Yuji, Homma, Riken, Onishi, Yasunobu, Kotani, Ryuya and Oda, Shinya
year 2005
title Web-based Communication System for Studio-Centered Design Education
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 189-196
summary There have been many successful examples of Virtual Design Studio projects that have used a variety of network communication technologies, showing that interaction among participants enhances performance of the design team. However, the application of VDS techniques to a design studio program conventionally conducted in a studio space still seems to be limited, even though there is a clear need to improve interactions among students and teaching staff. The authors developed web-based groupware, GW-Notebook, and application techniques for a design studio program to enhance interaction in class hours in a studio space and also in off-studio hours, in which members work in separate locations. This paper discusses a model of communication and interaction in a collaborative design studio program conducted in a studio space. It also considers the major features of the developed system, the environment, and method of system usage in different teaching styles, and finally reviews performances of the latest system tested at junior collaborative design studio.
keywords Studio Teaching; Communication; Collaboration; Groupware
series eCAADe
email moro@arch.kumamoto-u.ac.jp
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id ijac20053108
id ijac20053108
authors Mullins, Michael; [Zupancic] Strojan, Tadeja Z.
year 2005
title Representational Thickness: a quantitative comparison between physical, CAVE and Panorama environments
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 3 - no. 1, 127-144
summary This study compares aspects of spatial perception in a physical environment and its virtual representations in a CAVE and Panorama. To measure accuracy of spatial perception, users were asked to look at identical objects in the three environments and then locate them and identify their shape on scaled drawings. Results were then statistically compared for differences. In a discussion of the results, the paper addresses three hypothetical assertions – that depth perception in physical reality and its virtual representations in CAVE and Panorama are quantifiably different; that differences are attributable to prior contextual experience of the viewer; and that design professionals and laypeople have different perceptions of what they see in VR. In conclusion, the concept of 'representational thickness' is suggested by the results.
series journal
type normal paper
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id sigradi2005_597
id sigradi2005_597
authors Nunes Cosenza, Carlos Alberto; Fernando Rodrigues Lima, César das Neves
year 2005
title Georeferenced information system for graphical analyses of biodiesel production in Brazil
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 597-602
summary This paper presents methods and results of a locational research using graphics interface and GIS (Georeferenced Information System). The location model performs a hierarchical analysis on activities related to the Biodiesel production cycle, based on castor oil (Ricinus communis L.). The case study is the Brazilian Northeast region, and indicates properly selected counties for Biodiesel major stages: planting, crushing and oil processing. The research uses a large set of administrative, economical, social, environmental and agricultural data. Final results were obtained with graphical and query methods for selecting and editing data. A fuzzy set program imports territorial offer data and exports location indicators to database. The indicators produced thematic maps containing hierarchical location data, organized to perform a Biodiesel stages zone classification based on graphical analysis. [Full paper in Portuguese]
series SIGRADI
email cosenza@pep.ufrj.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:56

_id acadia07_158
id acadia07_158
authors Oatman, Devin; Senagala, Mahesh
year 2007
title Am I? Architecture of Ambient Intelligence
source Expanding Bodies: Art • Cities• Environment [Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture / ISBN 978-0-9780978-6-8] Halifax (Nova Scotia) 1-7 October 2007, 158-163
summary In its purest state, Ambient Intelligence is smart computing whose presence is not apparent to the human senses except in response and actions. The original intentions and origins of Ambient Intelligence began with the need for more efficient and unobtrusive management of our everyday activities. Synonymous with ubiquitous computing, Ambient Intelligence, or AmI, consists of: UbiComp: the integration of microchips and computers into everyday objects; UbiComm: the ability of these objects to communicate with each other and the user; and Intelligent User Interface which allows inhabitants of the environment to interact with the system with human gestures (Riva 2005). Put together, these components are basically personifi ed computers. The key factor in Ambient Intelligent communities is that the microscopic computers are aware of their surroundings and their purpose just as human beings are. With the ability to self-program and react to new software, they eliminate the need for humans to program them, decreasing maintenance and programming time. These concepts and technologies raise important questions. What happens when the system disappears? Are we ready as a society to see a certain degree of power taken away from us by anticipatory computers? This short paper will provide an overview of AmI and why it is important for architects to embrace, explore, and engage this emerging technology.
series ACADIA
email DNOatman@hotmail.com
last changed 2007/10/02 06:11

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