CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id 2005_427
id 2005_427
authors Jakovich, Joanne and Beilharz, Kirsty
year 2005
title Multimodal Spatial Emergence in the Design of Sensate Spaces
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 427-432
summary Design of reactive, intelligent and sensate spaces is a form of spatial design that demands creating thinking in terms of non-permanent, non-tactile and sometimes non-visual media. This implies spatial conceptualization using sensory modalities that are ordinarily of secondary importance to vision in design, such as proprioception and hearing. This paper explores these alternative modalities for both spatial perception and spatial expression with a view to developing innovative interfaces for spatial design. Computer games and installation art environments are analyzed for use of alternative spatial immersion techniques. This informs a physical spatial interaction environment. Motion-capture input and digital auditory output provide real-time, intuitive feedback to the user. Useful interaction strategies are acquired that can be used in a non-intrusive manner in sensate spaces for communal, commercial, or public contexts.
keywords Spatial Emergence; Multimodal Perception; Computer Games; Installation Art; Auditory Feedback
series eCAADe
email joanne@jakovich.net
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id ijac20053402
id ijac20053402
authors Janssen, Patrick H.T.; Frazer, John H.; Tang, Ming-Xi
year 2005
title A Framework For Generating And Evolving Building Designs
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 3 - no. 4, 449-470
summary This paper describes a comprehensive framework for generative evolutionary design. The key problem that is identified is generating alternative designs with an appropriate level of variability. Within the proposed framework, the design process is split into two phases: in the first phase, the design team develops and encodes the essential and identifiable character of the designs to be generated and evolved; in the second phase, the design team uses an evolutionary system to generate and evolve designs that embody this character. This approach allows design variability to be carefully controlled. In order to verify the feasibility of the proposed framework, a generative process capable of generating controlled variability is implemented and demonstrated.
series journal
more http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/mscp/ijac/2006/00000004/00000001/art00002
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id caadria2005_b_3c_c
id caadria2005_b_3c_c
authors Jawaid Haider, Theodor Wyeld, Peter Scriver
year 2005
title On the Pedagogical Benefits of Incorporating Digital Media in the Teaching of Architectural History and Theory
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 2, pp. 109-115
summary This paper reports on the use of physical and digital media in a history and theories of twentieth century architecture and landscape course. An electronic bulletin board (ebb) was used to generate an open forum for critical dialogue on textual, physical, and digital media. It gave teachers and students the ability to observe the course in new ways. Student interactions with the ebb transformed a culture of hidden collaboration to an open exchange of ideas and concepts. Of particular interest here is the use of 3-D digital composing tools (VRML) that provided a simple, but powerful way to visualize ideas which physical representation often could not. This approach instilled a philosophy of linking design and theory, where history and theory are seen as a body of knowledge consciously brought to bear on design practice.
series CAADRIA
email jxh40@psu.edu
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id caadria2005_a_8c_c
id caadria2005_a_8c_c
authors Jeff W.T Kan, John S. Gero
year 2005
title Can Entropy Indicate the Richness of Idea Generation in Team Designing?
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 451-457
summary This paper presents the development of a quantitative method to study team designing processes. It revisits linkograhy – a graphical representation of the design moves – and depicts ways of interpreting the linkography using entropy from Shannon’s information theory, to compare design processes. A case study with two different scenarios is presented followed by the results and conclusions.
series CAADRIA
email john@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id sigradi2005_362
id sigradi2005_362
authors Jemtrud, Michael; Konstantin Privalov
year 2005
title “User Controlled LightPath” Enabled Participatory Design Studio: first steps
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 362-368
summary The technical scheme and creative scenario of a new media-based “User Controlled Lightpath Provisioning” (UCLP) enabled “Participatory Design Studio” will be elaborated. This practical collaborative work environment model represents a technologically robust and sophisticated means of communication and sharing of resources that stands to radically transform design processes. UCLP technology is a fibre based software solution designed to enable end-users to create their own discipline or application-specific IP network whose topology and architecture is optimized for their particular applications needs and requirements. A distinction between “task-based collaboration” found in conventional “Virtual Design Studios” and the heterogeneous nature of the “participatory” work environment will be made. UCLP technology provides a secure, large bandwidth, low latency network that can accommodate up to 10Gbps. This capability creates an environment which is not dependent upon traditional low bandwidth requirements for communication, visualization, and production therefore allowing a greater range of desired tools for creative activity.
series SIGRADI
email michael_jemtrud@carleton.ca
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id cf2005_1_67_72
id cf2005_1_67_72
authors JENG Taysheng
year 2005
title Advanced Ubiquitous Media for Interactive Space
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 341-350
summary Developing ubiquitous media for interactive space requires interdisciplinary collaboration in studying ubiquitous computing. This work generalizes the criteria in the many disciplines of ubiquitous computing into a conceptual framework, including interaction interfaces, sensing technologies, application control, and human adaptation. This work presents a novel system architecture based on such a framework, and a research prototype recently developed called IP++. Additionally, the design principles and the potential of IP++ are discussed.
keywords ubiquitous media, interactive space, human-computer interaction
series CAAD Futures
email tsjeng@mail.ncku.edu.tw
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id caadria2005_a_7c_d
id caadria2005_a_7c_d
authors Jin Yeu Tsou, Jie He, Yucai Xue
year 2005
title An Open Space with Scenery: ‘Greenscape Index’ for Performance Based Planning of High Density Urban Habitation
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 328-334
summary This paper presents an improvement of the original openness ratio concept, which has been formulated as an integrated index for early-stage urban open space planning and design support. The ‘greenscape index’ is a rating system which quantitatively integrates human visual perception with the visible landscape resources to evaluate the visual quality of open space vision within high-density urban environment. This new index is expected to provide more comprehensive environmental performance consideration criteria for urban planning and design. The research team also discusses the potential of the introducing this index to assess both psychological preference and physical form of urban open spaces. The new concept also has shown its feasibility on integrating key environmental considerations in visual sensitivity, urban wind, urban noise and solar heat gain into simple massing study which is applicable in the preliminary planning stage.
series CAADRIA
email jinyeutsou@cuhk.edu.hk, hejie@cuhk.edu.hk, xueyucai@cuhk.edu.hk
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id 2005_399
id 2005_399
authors Johansson, Mikael and Roupé, Mattias
year 2005
title From CAD to VR – Implementations for Urban Planning and Building Design
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 399-405
summary At present time, three-dimensional objects are often represented with 2D-data in urban planning and building design. In order to get all the involved parties to fully understand a certain project, this may not be enough. More and more projects therefore take use of the Virtual Reality (VR) technique as a complement to traditional 2D drawings and sketches. All the involved parties can then share a common frame of reference for all discussions regarding a certain project. Unfortunately, the technique is not yet adapted to fit the current building design process. In this paper, we present a solution for semi-automatic generation of a VR-model based on 3D CAD information and aerial photos obtained from the City Planning Authorities in Sweden. The data is imported to support real-time editing of terrain, roads and buildings. We also present a framework for importing 3D-models created in Autodesk Revit which enables a seamless integration of modern 3D CAD and VR-models. The features are implemented in a software developed at Chalmers Visualization studio (Gothenburg, Sweden) and technical details about terrain handling and speed-up techniques will be given.
keywords Virtual Reality; 3D City modeling; Urban planning; Terrain; Visualization
series eCAADe
email jomi@chl.chalmers.se
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id caadria2005_b_6a_a
id caadria2005_b_6a_a
authors José R. Kós, Tereza C. Malveira Araujo, José S. Cabral Filho, Eduardo Mascarenhas Santos, Marcelo Tramontano
year 2005
title Low-tech remote collaborative design studios
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 2, pp. 415-425
summary This paper aims to analyze Virtual Design Studios in big countries such as India, China and Brazil with great disparities between the schools of architecture and cultural diversity within their territories. Two VDS experiences with Brazilian institutions based the paper’s arguments. Limitation of equipment, bandwidth or available tools should not impede the organization of collaborative experiences. Instead, they should ground the strategies for the implementation of those experiences. Several free tools that are available on the Internet and which the students were used to, where chosen for the communication between the participants. Limited resources were not an obstacle to gain what we have considered the most important benefit of our experience: the exchange between students and faculty towards the recognition of the other participants’ different cultures, traditions and knowledge, allowing a better understanding of their own context.
series CAADRIA
email josekos@ufrj.br
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id caadria2005_b_6c_e
id caadria2005_b_6c_e
authors Julio Bermudez, Albert C. Smith, Seth Striefel
year 2005
title Visualizing the Invisible: Digital Studies on Representing Non-Visual Architectural Experiences
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 2, pp. 510-515
summary During the last several years our architecture school has gone through the process of fully digitizing the studios. We, as faculty are learning much about the advantages and difficulties of teaching architectural design in this new electronic environment. This knowledge has been included in our development of a beginning design communications course that offers an important improvement in regards to our changing teaching situation. This short paper presents one project from this course that introduces our students to the use of digital media for dealing with non-visual and subjective content —something quite contrary to what is usually associated with the teaching of digital graphics. We believe that this project breaks new ground for teaching and investigating the nature of computer graphics and through it into the very essence of our experience and understanding of architecture.
series CAADRIA
email bermudez@arch.utah.edu, asmith@arch.utah.edu
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id sigradi2005_793
id sigradi2005_793
authors Kapp, Silke; Ana Paula Baltazar dos Santos
year 2005
title Digital interface for autonomous production of dwellings
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 793-798
summary This paper describes the theoretical and technological parameters for a digital interface, in development by MOM/LOW (Morar de Outras Maneiras/ Living in Other Ways), intended at the autonomous production of dwelling. It introduces the current formal and informal processes of production of dwelling arguing for the need of an instrument to enable both the distribution of alternative building components and user participation. It discusses the main questions on agency and machine intelligence as to show the need to take human-machine asymmetry into account in interface design. It also points out the main problems regarding the current technology for creating 3D digital interactive interfaces, and indicates one possible way to use the available technology and locate agency in the event. It concludes by showing that interface design can take advantage of human dialogical ability and of the machine’s capacity to offer material for that dialogue, without humanising the machine or preconditioning human responses. [Full paper in Portuguese]
series SIGRADI
email skapp@arq.ufmg.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id acadia05_048
id acadia05_048
authors Katodrytis, George
year 2005
title Poiesis and Autopoiesis in Architecture
source Smart Architecture: Integration of Digital and Building Technologies [Proceedings of the 2005 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 0-9772832-0-8] Savannah (Georgia) 13-16 October 2005, pp. 48-57
summary The use of digital technology in architecture has proven to be more assertive than originally thought: it has reconditioned the nature of the design process, and established new processes and techniques of fabrication. Recent applications in digital technology show inquisitiveness in the contentious subject Genetic Algorithms. This new architectural process is characterized by two main shifts: from poiesis (or poetry) to autopoiesis, and from authenticity to mimesis. Since evolutionary simulations give rise to new forms rather than design them, architects should now be both artists and operators of both Inventive and Systematic design. Inventive design: The digital media should bring about poiesis (poetry). Digital spaces reveal and visualize the unconscious desires of urban spaces, bringing forth new dreamscapes, mysterious and surreal. This implies a Freudian spatial unconscious, which can be subjected to analysis and interpretation. The tools of digital dreaming, meanwhile, have opened a window to the ‘urban unconscious’. Systematic Design: Digital media should bring about an autopoiesis. This approach calls into question traditional methods of architectural design that replace the hierarchical processes of production known as “cause and effect,” and propose a design process where the architect becomes a constructor of formal systems. Will the evolutionary simulation replace design? Is metric space dead? The new algorithmic evolutionary conditions give architecture an autopoiesis, similar to biological dynamics. Paradoxically, the new emerging process is more insightful. The emphasis of the exploration is on morphological complexity. Architecture, through “machine” fabrication, may become more responsive, rigorous and poetic.
series ACADIA
email gkatodrytis@aus.ac.ae
last changed 2005/10/25 16:52

_id cf2005_1_38_111
id cf2005_1_38_111
authors KEATRUANGKAMALA Kamol and SINAPIROMSARAN Krung
year 2005
title Optimizing Architectural Layout Design via Mixed Integer Programming
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 175-184
summary For many decades, solving the optimal architectural layout design is unattainable for the reasonable problem sizes. Architects have to settle for acceptable layouts instead of the favourable optimal solution. With today technologies, various optimization techniques have been used to alleviate the optimal search according to diversified goals. This paper formulates the optimal architectural layout design as the multiobjective mixed integer programming model solved by the MIP solver. The main idea is to capture functional constraints, dimensional constraints and the objective function using only linear formulae with binary variables. Functional constraints are the connectivities, the unused grid cells, the fixed room location, the boundary and the fixed border location while dimension constraints are the non-intersecting, the overlapping, the length and the ratio constraints. The objective function is designed to minimize the absolute distance among rooms and maximize room spaces. Due to the nonlinearity of area computation, the linear approximation of width and height constraints have been utilized. Architects can control these different objectives within the model. By specifying the rigid restriction and the time limits, the problem can be solved within a reasonable amount of time.
keywords layout design, linear programming, mixed integer programming, optimization
series CAAD Futures
email kamolkeat@hotmail.com, kamol@rangsit.rsu.ac.th
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id 2005_047
id 2005_047
authors Kieferle, Joachim, Grunau, Jens and Cheng, Nancy
year 2005
title Intercontinental Seating
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 47-54
summary In spring 2005, four universities and one manufacturer on three continents designed seating units in the virtual design studio “Intercontinental Seating”. With each location describing local characters and sites for the remote designers, we were able to keep focus on comparative cultural contexts in design. A central content management system (Typo3) proved to be an effective platform for project representation and communication, both for students and external critics. Further communication and presentation technologies have been tested. As a result of this workshop, the manufacturer will develop two designs with the students and intends to offer these seating units in his product portfolio.
keywords Virtual Design Studio; Design Methodology; Planning Approach; Learning Environment
series eCAADe
email kieferle@architektur.fh-wiesbaden.de
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id cf2005_1_93_166
id cf2005_1_93_166
authors KOCATURK, Tuba and VELTKAMP, Martijn
year 2005
title Interdisciplinary Knowledge Modelling for Free-Form Design – An Educational Experiment
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 465-474
summary The recent advances in digital design media and digital fabrication processes have introduced formal and procedural effects on the conception and production of architecture. In order to bridge the individual concepts and processes of multiple design disciplines, intensive cross-disciplinary communication and information exchange starting from the very early stages of design is necessary. A web-based database for design learning and design teaching named BLIP is introduced. In this framework, cross-disciplinary domain knowledge becomes explicit to be taught and transferred in Free-Form Design research and education. BLIP proposes a conceptual map through which the user can construct structured representations of concepts and their relationships. These concepts are high-level abstractions of formal, structural and production related concepts in Free-Form design development. BLIP is used for formalizing, organizing and representing conceptual maps of the three domains and facilitates information and knowledge sharing in collaborative conceptual design in context. The paper introduces the application together with its application in two educational design experiments.
keywords collaborative design, constraint based design, design process, digital design education, free-form design
series CAAD Futures
email T.Kocaturk@bk.tudelft.nl
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id cf2005_1_65_47
id cf2005_1_65_47
authors KOUTAMANIS Alexander
year 2005
title Sketching with Digital Pen and Paper
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 321-330
summary Architectural sketching with the computer has been possible for some time now. Using manual and optical digitizers architects have been able to create images similar in structure and appearance to conventional sketches on paper. Digitized sketches are traditionally associated with early design but are also increasingly linked to interactive interfaces and information management. The paper reports on the application of a new technology (Anoto) that uses a digital pen on specially prepared paper. The focus of the application was feedback from analogue documents to the computer programs used for preparing these documents and on the roles of freehand sketching in later design phases. Sketching with digital pen and paper was found to be useful for the management of annotations made on analogue versions of digital information, especially in multi-actor synchronous and asynchronous situations.
keywords digital sketching, annotation, information management, digitization, interaction
series CAAD Futures
email a.koutamanis@bk.tudelft.nl
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id 2005_629
id 2005_629
authors Koutamanis, Alexander
year 2005
title A Biased History of CAAD
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 629-637
summary The democratization and popularization of the computer has brought on fundamental changes to many areas related to computer science, including CAAD. Such areas have been facing the necessity to reposition and reorient themselves in rapidly evolving academic and professional frameworks. A factor that complicates the processes of repositioning and reorientation is that most areas have a short but varied and frequently incoherent history that may be poorly understood. The paper is an attempt to trace the history of CAAD by means of publications. This refers to both key publications and the thematic structure of the overall CAAD production. The underlying hypothesis is that CAAD derives from two distinct ambitions, the technology-driven, bottom-up development of architectural computer graphics and the more domain theory-minded, top-down automation of designing. A third, less popular ambition is the computerization of analysis and evaluation, which can be treated as a subcategory of the previous two. The results of the bibliographic analysis are summarized in a timeline that indicates a convergence of ambitions and approaches in the 1980s, the period when CAAD became a recognizable area. In the 1990s the democratization and popularization of the computer caused diversification of CAAD activities over a wide spectrum, ranging from support to end-use of computer systems to computational theory and including the development of advanced, specific applications in cooperation with other architecture, building or design specializations.
keywords History; Bibliography; Drawing; Design; Computerization
series eCAADe
email a.koutamanis@bk.tudelft.nl
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id 6795
id 6795
authors KOUZELEAS Stelios
year 2005
title DEFINITION OF A METHOD OF LIMITS OF THE SIMPLIFICATION OF A HALL MODEL IN A CAD SYSTEM TO DIMINISH FALSIFICATION OF ACOUSTIC SIMULATION RESULTS
source International Congress eCAADe 2005 (Education and research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe), subject : “Digital Desing : the quest for new paradigms”, ISBN 0-9541183-2-4, pp. 695-704, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal, 21-24 September 2005
summary During the modelling, because of the sometimes complex architectural shape of halls, we were forced to introduce simplifications in order to carry out calculations and simulation operations on these halls, as the calculation software requires plane surfaces. This paper presents a developed tool adapted on a CAD modelling system (AutoCAD), which defines an “average limits” of the model simplification operation in order to control and diminish the falsification of calculation and simulation results on this model, such as the architectural acoustic simulation. The process of the elaboration and the adjustment of the simplified models of the Grand Theatre of Bordeaux (GTB) based on acoustical measurements and their calculation results are described in detail in a previous article (Kouzeleas and Semidor, 2001). The analysis process of the consequences of the hall model simplification on the acoustical simulation results and the applied simplification methods are described in a PhD thesis (Kouzeleas, 2002). This article is based on this analysis process in order to apply it on several simplified models of the Amphitheatre of the Architecture School of Bordeaux (Amphi-EAPB). The comparison in a CAD system (AutoCAD) of the acoustical calculation results and the areas after simplification of the simplified models of these two halls made with AutoCAD, via the developed tool adapted on the AutoCAD, permit to define a “limits average of a hall model simplification” before the falsification of these calculation results.
series other
type normal paper
email stelios_kouzeleas@yahoo.fr
more http://www.civil.ist.utl.pt/ecaade05/
last changed 2005/10/25 10:19

_id caadria2005_b_3a_c
id caadria2005_b_3a_c
authors Kuhn Park, Ramesh Krishnamurti
year 2005
title Digital diary of a building; A system for retrieval and update of information over a building life cycle
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 2, pp. 15-25
summary We consider a digital diary of a building to be a system for flexibly retrieving and updating building information over the life cycle of the building – a system that is independent of any task-centric use. The key challenges to realizing such a system are the users and their intensions. For a practical demonstration of the notion we use IFC as the protocol for representing a building information model space and the concept of sorts to embrace representational flexibility. The ideas for the digital diary stem from four real construction case studies which we undertook as part of an on-going research project.
series CAADRIA
email kuhnpark@cmu.edu, ramesh@cmu.edu
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id cf2005_1_92_179
id cf2005_1_92_179
authors LAEPPLE Eberhard, CLAYTON Mark and JOHNSON Robert
year 2005
title Case Studies of Web-Based Collaborative Design
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 455-464
summary Data collected from real-world projects using Web-based communications and project management systems provide quantitative evidence for characterizing the design process. Tens of thousands of records have been analyzed from six cases. The cases are all high-end office and retail building projects, with about 50 members of the design team. The data supports the distinction of multiple stages in the design process as the patterns of usage of the software changes through time. Coordination activities are more frequent in early stages, while collaboration activities are more common in late stages. In planning and design stages, use of the software is focused upon accessing static information, while in construction documentation a relatively greater number of activities include generate and process operations.
keywords collaboration, communications, design management, design process, software
series CAAD Futures
email eberhard@tamu.edu
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

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