CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 81 to 100 of 550

_id ijac20053306
id ijac20053306
authors Cabral Filho, Jose dos Santos
year 2005
title Digital Art A Field of Inquiry for Contemporary Architecture
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 3 - no. 3, 355-372
summary This article investigates the interplay of digital technology, art and architecture and it presents a series of experimental workshops developed at LAGEAR (Graphic Laboratory for the Experience of Architecture, School of Architecture at UFMG, Brazil). The intention of these workshops is to include an artistic approach to the work in a computer lab dedicated to teaching and researching architecture. At first, a discussion on the relationship between art and architecture is presented, followed by an analysis of the enhancement of such relationship with the advent of digital technology. Then a series of works developed by artists and students in collaboration is described. The article concludes with a discussion on the role of digital art for architectural education. It is proposed that it may be one of the most adequate fields for students to freely investigate contemporary issues, such as interactivity and automation, which are now shaping our built environment.
series journal
more http://www.ingentaconnect.com/search/expand?pub=infobike://mscp/ijac/2005/00000003/00000003/art00007
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id acadia05_156
id acadia05_156
authors Cabrinha, Mark
year 2005
title From Bézier to NURBS: Integrating Material and Digital Techniques through a Plywood Shell
source Smart Architecture: Integration of Digital and Building Technologies [Proceedings of the 2005 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 0-9772832-0-8] Savannah (Georgia) 13-16 October 2005, pp. 156-169
summary The development of digital fabrication has reintroduced material processes with digital processes. There has been much discussion about the tool and the objects of the tool, but little discussion of the implication of the material process on the digital process. A brief historical review on the development of computer numerical control and the origins of the Bézier curve reveals an instrumental fact: computer numerical controlled tools necessitated advancements in computational surfaces which eventually led to NURBS (Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines) surfaces. In other words, the origins of NURBS surfaces resides in its relation to material processes, rather than many current approaches that develop free form surfaces and then force the tool onto the material without regard to the material properties. From this historical and mathematical review, this project develops toward more intelligent construction methods based on the integration of NURBS differential geometry paired with material qualities and processes. Specifically, a digital technique of developing conceptual NURBS geometry into piecewise surface patches are then flattened based on the material thickness and density. From these flattened patches, a material technique is developed to intelligently remove material to allow the rigid flat material to re-develop into physical surface patches. The goal of this research is to develop digital and material techniques toward intelligent construction based on the correspondence between digitally driven surface and digitally driven material processes. The application of this technique as a rational and flexible system is to support the dynamic response of form and material toward such performative aspects as structure, daylight, ventilation, and thermal properties.
series ACADIA
email cabrinharch@yahoo.com
last changed 2005/10/25 16:52

_id 2005_269
id 2005_269
authors Caldas, Luisa and Duarte, José
year 2005
title Fabricating Ceramic Covers
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 269-276
summary This paper describes a studio experiment developed with the aim of exploring the design and fabrication of innovative roof systems based on ceramic tiles using digital technologies. History is rich in examples of the use of ceramic roof tiles since the ancient world. Today’s systems derive from such ancient systems and fall into several basic categories depending on the form of the tiles and how they interlock. These systems present acceptable functional performances due to centuries of refinement, but as they have suffered little formal evolution in recent centuries, to respond to modern needs they require complex layering and assemblies. Recent technological evolution has emphasized the optimization of the tile production process in terms of time saving and cost reduction, and the improvement of product quality in terms of material homogeneity and durability. Little attention has been paid to the tile form and the roof system as a whole, including the assembly process. As a result, despite the variety and performance of existing designs, they are often perceived as outdated by architects who refuse to use them following a stylistic trend in architectural design towards primary forms and flat roofs. The challenge of the experiment was to take advantage of digital design and fabrication technology to conceive systems with improved performance and contemporary designs. The hope was that this could lead architects to consider integrating roof tiles systems in their architectural proposals. Results yielded five different roof systems. These systems are innovative from a formal viewpoint both at the tile and roof level. In addition, they are easy to assemble and possess better thermal and water-proofing performance. Digital technologies were determinant to enable students to design the complex shape of the tiles, to manipulate them into assemblies, and to assess the shape of the roofs, as well as their thermal and structural performance in some cases.
keywords Design Education; Rapid Prototyping; Collaboration; Ceramics; Innovation; Tiles
series eCAADe
email jduarte@civil.ist.utl.pt
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id 2005_647
id 2005_647
authors Caldas, Luisa G.
year 2005
title Three-Dimensional Shape Generation of Low-Energy Architectural Solutions using Pareto Genetic Algorithms
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 647-654
summary This paper extends on a previous work on the application of a Generative Design System [GDS] to the evolution, in a computational environment, of three-dimensional architectural solutions that are energy-efficient and adapted to the climatic environment where they are located. The GDS combines a well-known building energy simulation software [DOE2.1E] with search procedures based on Genetic Algorithms and on Pareto optimization techniques, successfully allowing to tackle complex multi-objective problems. In the experiments described, architectural solutions based on a simplified layout were generated in response to two often-conflicting requirements: improving the use of daylighting in the space, while controlling the amount of energy loss through the building fabric. The choice of a cold climate like Chicago provided an adequate framework for studying the role of these opposing forces in architectural form generation. Analysis of results shows that building characteristics that originate successful solutions extend further than the building envelope. Issues of massing, aspect ratio, surface-to-volume ratio, orientation, and others, emerge from the analysis of solutions generated by the GDS, playing a significant role in dictating whether a given architectural form will prove adapted to its climatic and energy requirements. Results suggest that the questions raised by the exploration of form generation driven by environmental concerns are complex, deserving the pursuit of further experiments, in order to better understand the interaction of variables that the evolutionary process congregates.
keywords Generative Design System, Genetic Algorithms, Evolutionary Architecture, Artificial Intelligence in Design, Building Energy Simulation, Bioclimatic Architecture, Environmental Design.
series eCAADe
email luisa@civil.ist.utl.pt
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id cf2005_1_34_180
id cf2005_1_34_180
authors CALDERON Carlos, WORLEY Nicholas and NYMAN Karl
year 2005
title Architectural Cinematographer: An Initial Approach to Experiential Design in Virtual Worlds
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 135-144
summary This paper presents a paradigm for the generation of camera placements for architectural virtual environments as a method of enhancing the user's experience and as a way of facilitating the understanding of architectural designs. This paper reports on an initial prototype of a real-time cinematic control camera engine which enables the creation of architectural walkthroughs with a narrative structure. Currently, there is neither software nor a structured approach which facilitates this in architectural visualisations. The paper discusses the potential of our approach; analyses the technical and application domain challenges; examines its current limitations using well known architectural design concepts such as rhythm.
keywords virtual environments, navigation, camera engine, cinematography, experiential design
series CAAD Futures
email carlos.calderon@newcastle.ac.uk
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id ad19
id ad19
authors Calderon, C., and Noble, R
year 2005
title BEYOND MODELLING: AVANT-GARDE COMPUTER TECHNIQUES IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS.
source I Jornadas de Investigacion en Construccion, Madrid, 2-4 June, 2005.
summary If the result of computer innovations can be interpreted as an emerging “difference” in the quality of constructed space, then in order to truly understand what future applications may be regarding architecture at present, we should look at what advanced functions are available in the process of designing forms and space (DeLuca and Nardini, 2002). Recently the so called parametric approach, a technique for describing a large class of designs with a small description in programming code, has become a focus of attention in architectural computing. In this paper, we reflect on the current use of parametric tools using real case studies as well as our own proof of concept parametric programmes and report on how the avant-garde computer techniques may help to increase the quality of residential building.
keywords Building Quality, Parametric Design
series other
type normal paper
email carlos.calderon@ncl.ac.uk
last changed 2005/12/02 10:42

_id sigradi2005_089
id sigradi2005_089
authors Caldi, Leonardo
year 2005
title Ethnomethodology and experience design
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 89-94
summary Through a reading of the work of David Carson, this article seeks to shed light on certain contributions from ethnomethodology to experience design. Looking form better ways of communicating, Carson – himself a member of the skater and surfer communities with whom he wanted to communicate – advanced a new manner of doing graphic design, effectively challenging established paradigms of visual communication. In our view, Carson made use of ethnomethodology in a special way, based on intuition. [Full paper in Portuguese]
series SIGRADI
email leocaldi@free.fr
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id cf2005_1_54_91
id cf2005_1_54_91
authors CANEPARO Luca, MASALA Elena and ROBIGLIO Matteo
year 2005
title Dynamic Generative Modelling System for Urban and Regional Design
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 259-268
summary This paper introduces a dynamic generative modelling system for urban and regional design. Through dynamic modelling the system evolves in time according to the interactions of the planners, decision-makers and citizens. On the basis of several synchronous and/or asynchronous user interactions, models are dynamically generated at run time. The models are built by defining the data (datasets) and the actions to perform on that data (tasks). The system reads and correlates data at urban and regional scale from various authorities to generate dynamic datasets. Tasks are especially powerful when they integrate generative procedures in a hierarchical structure. This allows us to model urban and regional dynamics through the interaction of tasks at micro- and macro-scale. Tasks can also implement either Cellular Automata or software agents. We examine the system application to a case project: the simulation of micro- and macro-dynamics in an Alpine valley, with specific challenges to fit competitive and sustainable growth in a landscape quality perspective. The simulation in spatial and temporal dimensions of regional data provided us with the elements to study the territorial evolution over the next twenty years. Four strategies gave as many scenarios highlighting the results of specific policies.
keywords large-scale modelling, participatory design, GIS, software agent, datascape
series CAAD Futures
email elena.masala@polito.it
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id sigradi2005_558
id sigradi2005_558
authors Carlos, Juliano; Cecílio Batista Oliveira
year 2005
title Dismissible packings of this atomic and electronic age
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 558-563
summary Discuss concepts of urban nomadic and the revision of the contemporary habitation, from the reading of recent architectural proposals. It presents alterations of the international architecture after years 60, as the introduction of new medias in the domestic space and the life in society – the television, the radio, the communications for satellite and the computer – and boom technological with the production of new materials for the civil construction – the mega-structures in steel, new types of plastic, etc… - and the consequent unfoldings in the contemporary architecture. Analyze two works of the English group Archigram, (middle of 60), relating them with the production of three European offices in activity today. It concludes pointing future trends in the conception and production of the habitation, as the real necessity of its plastic, programmatical and technician-constructive rediscussion, searching to take care of the real necessities of its user, through special flexibility and plurifuntionality, beyond the incorporation of new technologies. [Full paper in Portuguese]
series SIGRADI
email jcoarq@yahoo.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id sigradi2005_219
id sigradi2005_219
authors Carmena, Sonia; Diana Rodríguez Barros, Alfredo Stipech, Martin Groisman
year 2005
title 4D /5D space: construction processes
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 219-224
summary It is presented a development of an exploratory experience about a hyper medial 4D and 5D space design workshop. The concept of 4D /5D space refers to a new representation order of the digital media that inserts space-time variables, where the subject’s action articulates the space. Directed by a group of professors, it was focused from different disciplines, and destined to a heterogeneous group of students. The work methodology recognizes and links the cyberspace, heterogenesis and morphogenesis concepts. As implications, it is observed the mutation of digital image-form creation, production, storage, interchange, interaction and social use, next to languages hybridation and representation systems. As conclusions, it is considered that the digital image-form is a random event, a result of an interrupted but not closed process where the creation vectors, procedures, direction variables and the subject prefiguration are the outstanding characteristics. [Full paper in Spanish]
series SIGRADI
email scarmena@unr.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id sigradi2005_214
id sigradi2005_214
authors Carnos Scaletsky, Celso
year 2005
title Constructing a reflexive computational environment
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 214-218
summary The learning of simple computer tools can represent an important resource to teach the complex design process in architecture. This article presents three didactic experiences that demonstrate certain design strategies normally used by architects and their relationship with the digital environment. By doing these design exercises, the students are invited to better understand the reflexive dialogue established with the design object. In these process notions as “references” and “sketches” should be approached. Instrumental resources are studied in parallel with epistemological reflection about the creative process. [Full paper in Portuguese]
series SIGRADI
email scaletsky@terra.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id 2005_211
id 2005_211
authors Carrara, Gianfranco and Fioravanti, Antonio
year 2005
title The Quest for the Holy Grail – Holistic Collaborative Design
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 211-218
summary Architectural design, due to phenomena such as globalisation of the construction process, delocalisation of professional and industrial activities, spread of new construction materials and components, and the challenges of environmental sustainability, has become so comlex that traditional ways of managing the process are no longer sufficient. What is more, architectural works are required to be ever more performing and integrated - holistic. The paradigm of collaborative design is gaining ground as a way of dealing with these problems. Various process/ product models have been proposed over the years, making more or less use of advanced tools. In this field this study proposes a model in which operators from various cultural contexts are each supported by Intelligent Assistants (agents). The model simulates the design of works of architecture to the best professional practice. Exchange of information and knowledge between the operators is essential to enhance the design process. From this follows the need to interface not just data, but also meanings. This article shows how to improve communications between different applications, used by different operators, so as to integrate information and knowledge, whether formalised or not, in a project managed collaboratively by means of XML.
keywords Collaborative Design; Design Process Model; Distributed Knowledge Bases; Semantic Interfaces; aecXML
series eCAADe
email antonio.fioravanti@uniroma1.it
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id sigradi2005_603
id sigradi2005_603
authors Castañé, Dora; Claudio Deho, Adrián Barcesat, Carlos Tessier
year 2005
title Urbamedia: the design of an integrated system of urban-building visualization and communication
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 603-608
summary This paper presents the advancements of the Urbamedia project which was designed as part of a research program at the Center CAO (Creation computer assist), School of Architectural Design and Urbanism, University of Buenos Aires, which was led by the valued master and advisory professor Architect Arturo F. Montagu. This proposal of the city of Buenos Aires on the Mayo Avenue expands the original historical fragment presented between the following two referenced representative landmarks: The Two Congresses Square and the Mayo Square. It continues with the advancement of methodologies and techniques implemented in a system of “integrated visualization and communication” for the development of a VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) 3D virtual non-immersive and interactive vision. It also incorporates the development of a “foundation of digitally integrated knowledge” with fragments of central areas from other surrounding cities as well as interfaced phenomenological situations. The application of digital VRML technology has allowed for thoroughly researching the processes through dynamic simulation of specific urban fragments (Mayo Avenue within Buenos Aires) and the cities that are also participating in the project. [Full paper in Spanish]
series SIGRADI
email dcastane05@ciudad.com.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id 20e8
id 20e8
authors Cavallin H, Martin W M, Heylighen A
year 2005
title THIS IS NOT A CAUCUS RACE. OR WHY UPGRADES IN GUIS WILL (NOT NECESSARILY) MAKE USERS (INSTANTLY) MORE PRODUCTIVE
source SID 2005, Proceedings of the 4th Social Intelligence Design Workshop, Stanford University, March 2005 (CD Rom)
summary In this paper we discuss the impact that upgrading applications may have across different users, using for this purpose the case of GUI improvements to a market leading drafting application. Our findings show that even though there are improvements in productivity that can be associated with the changes to the GUI, these improvements will not necessarily affect evenly all users, suggesting an interaction between the level of expertise and variations in productivity.
keywords software evaluation, problem solving, reliability, absolute benchmarking, commercial CAD software, upgrading
series other
type normal paper
email ann.heylighen@asro.kuleuven.ac.be
last changed 2005/04/01 11:24

_id 0a93
id 0a93
authors Cavallin H, Martin W M, Heylighen A
year 2005
title MIND-ING THE TASK
source SID 2005, Proceedings of the 4th Social Intelligence Design Workshop, Stanford University, March 2005 (CD Rom)
summary In this paper we describe our findings regarding the role of context in usability evaluation, particularly how the nature of the tasks can affect the users’ perception of the performance of a particular application. Our findings show a relationship between the variation in the nature of the tasks used for usability evaluation and the way in which subjects evaluate these applications afterwards using user -administered questionnaires. Our findings contradict the absolute benchmarking goal of some of these tools, and pose questions about the possibility of achieving that kind of benchmarks in software usability evaluation.
keywords software evaluation, problem solving, reliability, absolute benchmarking, commercial CAD software, upgrading
series other
type normal paper
email ann.heylighen@asro.kuleuven.ac.be
last changed 2005/04/01 11:23

_id sigradi2005_300
id sigradi2005_300
authors Cavieres, Andrés P.; Marcelo Quezada G.
year 2005
title Analysis of the possibilities offered by the application of parametric modeling technologies in the design processes shared between architects and industrial designers: The prefabricated house case.
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 300-303
summary Traditionally, the teaching of digital design systems has been focused on the operative learning of software. However, this almost exclusively technical approach has leaded to a partial view of these systems, as well suited platforms to exploration of project’s possibilities. Consequently their relevance as a base for project representation and therefore as a useful instrument for conceptual exploration for design and experimental research of their processes have been undervalued. On the other hand, this restrictive perspective results in an important waste of the teaching possibilities lying in CAD software related with interdisciplinary teamwork. The following academic experience obeys to a new insight of how to teach these tools, based upon problem solving in Design by interdisciplinary students work teams from Architecture and Industrial Design. In this bet, the learning process is flexible, shared and collaborative, according to the requirements of each project, powered by the commitment of facing common goals. [Full paper in Spanish]
series SIGRADI
email acaviere@uchile.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id 2005_501
id 2005_501
authors Celani, Gabriela, Pupo, Regiane, Mendes, Gelly and Pinheiro, Érica
year 2005
title Generative Design Systems for Housing
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 501-506
summary The present paper describes an undergoing research that aims at developing a generative design computer implementation with an outside-in approach, OIDS. The system will allow developing and visualizing context-based housing development designs. This approach will include both natural characteristics of the site and the existing neighboring buildings. It is argued that certain common urban design practices are the result of a simplification due to difficulties in dealing with the irregularities of the natural environment, which often requires the use of time-consuming methods. The computer-based application will provide tools for dealing with such difficulties, allowing designers to describe their own design rules. In an initial phase of the project, a tool that can subdivide irregular land parcels into equally sized areas has been developed. In further stages, other environmental variables will be addressed, such as solar aspect and prevalent wind directions. Eventually, even the designs of interior layouts should result from exterior forces. The resulting generative system is expected to facilitate and encourage the use of a more organic approach to building siting and design, bringing about the important discussion about which should be the main forces in the generation of the built environment.
keywords Generative Design; Context-Based Design; Housing Design; Building Siting; Urban Space Simulation
series eCAADe
email celani@fec.unicamp.br
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id cf2005_1_22_147
id cf2005_1_22_147
authors CHAN Chiu-Shui, DANG Anrong and TONG Ziyu
year 2005
title A 3D Model of the Inner City of Beijing
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 63-72
summary This study has two major concentrations: 1) exploring methods of creating a digital city model, and 2) applying the model to study urban spatial structure, an issue of particular interest and importance to urban planners. Based on existing studies that primarily address two-dimensional (2D) urban structure, this paper focuses on the three-dimensional (3D) structure relating to the 3D urban form. Given their greater clarity and possibilities for quantitative analysis, both 3D digital urban models and GIS spatial overlay analysis methods hold tremendous potential for analysing and predicting future urban form. In this project, the Xidan Business District in Beijing's Inner City was the area selected to implement the digital-city application. Under the hypothesis that the existing urban spatial structure is determined by the city's urban planning scheme and current urban marketing forces, it is found that actual urban development does not follow the planning restrictions on zoning and building height regulations. Some contradictions and conflicts, such as building location and height, appeared in the studied district. The specific reasons for the discrepancies need to be further studied.
keywords 3D city modeling, GIS, remote sensing, virtual environments
series CAAD Futures
email cschan@iastate.edu
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id caadria2005_a_7b_c
id caadria2005_a_7b_c
authors Chang, Chuang-Ting
year 2005
title Some Phenomena of Touch in Study Models
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 1, pp. 277-287
summary The senses of “Touch” bring people the feeling of reality, and human beings can always naturally sense the tactile impression. Hence we touch things and our sense tells us that our hands are touching something (Hinckley et al. 1999). Comparing to the tools used by designers between traditional and new digital media in the design process, the most difference is in the sense of touch. This paper focuses on the sense of touch to point out the haptic experience which have ignored by the past in design process. Four phenomena will be discussed in details and some useful suggestions given for future study.
series CAADRIA
email ctc@arch.nctu.edu.tw
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

_id caadria2005_b_4c_b
id caadria2005_b_4c_b
authors Chang, Ting-Yuan
year 2005
title Shift the Style: Supporting Product Design through Evolving Styles
source CAADRIA 2005 [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] New Delhi (India) 28-30 April 2005, vol. 2, pp. 240-245
summary How can we provide computational supports for product designers to actively utilize existing styles as driving force to achieve new designs? For a new style that can take the advantage from existing styles, we surveyed Case-Based Design and Case-Based Reasoning systems for product design and found discouraging results. We employ Learning Classifier Systems, a machine-learning paradigm, to perform automatic style classification. These classified styles are used to evolve new styles of designs.
series CAADRIA
email g9234714@yuntech.edu.tw
last changed 2005/04/30 01:30

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