CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 383

_id sigradi2006_e172c
id sigradi2006_e172c
authors Donath, Dirk and González Böhme, Luis Felipe
year 2006
title A Constraint-Based Building Bulk Design Support
source SIGraDi 2006 - [Proceedings of the 10th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Santiago de Chile - Chile 21-23 November 2006, pp. 278-282
summary We introduce an architecture practice-oriented implementation strategy of constraint-based methods called BDS (Building Bulk Design Support) to supporting bulk analysis during the architectural programming phase. We examine the optmization problem of site coverage and building massing according to a set of standard planning and zoning regulations, and try a problem solving approach based on the paradigm of constraint satisfaction problems. The case study, which is focused on the paticipatory planning of very low-income dwellings within the Latin American context, serves as testbed for a prototypical application of the adopted methodology. The BDS constitutes a novel approach on computer-aided bulk analysis, regarding this particularly relevant context of application. In the case of participatively planned low-income housing projects, efficiency regarding time and cost of planning directly affects dwellers’ quality of life, whereas elementary programming tasks such as bulk analysis lack appropriate state-of-the-art technological support. Traditional architectural planning methods demand a large domain-specific knowledge base and skillful planners. A planning process, which is mainly driven by the formulation of planning-relevant constraints and sets of solution alternatives, suggests to avoid architects’ traditional procedure of: 1. Create an (yet not necessarily valid) instance of the eventual design solution by directly choosing specific values for its shape parameters. 2. Evaluate its validity by confronting the designed model to a set of applicable constraints, which have to be satisfied. Instead, the constraint-based design methodology poses a search procedure that operates in a space of pertinent constraint sets. A computer-aided interactive search procedure to find more valid design solution alternatives in less time and with less effort is particularly qualified to supply efficient support for participatory planning activities carried out between dwellers and planners. The set of solutions for a building-bulk design problem is constrained by both a large complex system of planning and zoning regulations and the geometry of the eventual design solution itself. Given a considerable amount of such regulations, a regular size geometric constraint satisfaction system proved to be capable of providing a highly efficient, interactive modeling and evaluation tool for the formulation in real time of valid solution alternatives for an ordinary building-bulk design problem. A BDS implementation will constitute one system module of a larger integrated system model called Esther. A BDS tool shall interact with other functional modules, like e.g. the FLS (Floor plan Layout Support), which also uses constraint-based design methods.
keywords constraint-based design; bulk analysis; participatory planning; low-income housing; design theory; design proces
series SIGRADI
email luis-felipe.gonzalez@archit.uni-weimar.de
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id 2006_436
id 2006_436
authors Kaimakamis, Nikolaos and Dimitris Charitos
year 2006
title Computer mediated political communication: An empirical approach towards representing political action in the spatial context of Collaborative Virtual Environments - The rise of a virtual-space dependent public sphere
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 436-443
summary This study focuses on the creation of three-dimensional online spaces, known as Collaborative Virtual Environments (CVEs), where mediated social interaction amongst participants takes place in real time. It attempts to examine whether it is possible for political communication to flourish in such environments, as a case study of the design aspects needed to be taken into account in creating communicating spaces. We entered the collaborative virtual environment “There” as an avatar and monitored the agenda setting of its two major media. The fact that the whole world is designed as an island complex and holiday resort has an impact on the unwillingness of the avatars to talk about world politics, or even deal with the worlds’ political issues in the official media. Our main conclusion is that public sphere as conceived by those who enter a CVE relies heavily on the way that the world itself is designed. This leads to a series of questions concerning the role of architecture in creating virtual spatial contexts for communication.
keywords Collaborative Virtual Environments; political communication; virtual reality; public sphere
series eCAADe
email vedesign@otenet.gr
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

_id 2006_566
id 2006_566
authors Rafi, Ahmad; Mohamad Izani Zainal Abidin; Avijit Paul and Aishah Abdul Razak
year 2006
title Simulation of architectural lighting in a virtual environment - A case study on real and fake High Dynamic Range Images (HDRI)
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 566-572
summary The early findings of this research were presented in eCAADe 2005 International Conference, Lisbon primarily to highlight the concept of High Dynamic Range Images (HDRI) when representing architectural spaces in the form of still images. An experiment had been carried out to compare the results between HDRI rendering and ‘conventional’ lighting simulation algorithms namely ray tracing and radiosity. The results were based on static and using the same exposure factors, when capturing HDRI. This project, funded by Intensification Research Priority Area (IRPA) grant continues to present and report HDRI results in a simulation environment. In this paper, we first briefly explain on the concept of real and fake HDRI. Then a comparison experiment is conducted to compare these two methods and discuss the impact and effectiveness of the illumination computation in architectural simulation environment. In order to carry out the experiment, a few models of the architectural scenes were developed. These models were then textured with real photos and manipulated with ‘shaders’, and further rendered using fake and real HDRI techniques. As for the fake HDRI, two methods were developed. The first was using an image as the ambient map and different exposures were created by increasing the value of Hue, V of HSV and saturation. The second involved a series of digital photos with the selection of the brightest and darkest area using Adobe Photoshop to establish the scale of luminosity. A few camera movements were triggered and position for ‘real-time’ rendering simulation. The result of the experiment has shown a significant improvement on the rendering time and quality of the rendering. Finally this paper suggests the selection criteria for choosing real and fake HDRI, and how each technique can be best utilized for architectural representations in a simulation environment.
keywords HDRI; simulation; Real HDRI;Fake HDRI; illumination computation
series eCAADe
email ahmadrafi.eshaq@mmu.edu.my
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

_id ecaade2007_143
id ecaade2007_143
authors Ulmer, Andreas; Halatsch, Jan; Kunze, Antje; Müller, Pascal; Gool, Luc Van
year 2007
title Procedural Design of Urban Open Spaces
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 351-358
summary This paper presents a novel approach for the automatic creation of vegetation scenarios in real or virtual 3D cities in order to simplify the complex design process and time consuming modeling tasks in urban landscape planning. We introduce shape grammars as a practical tool for the rule-based generation of urban open spaces. The automatically generated designs can be used for pre-visualization, master planning, guided design variation and digital content creation in general (e.g. for the entertainment industry). In a first step, we extend the CGA shape grammar by Müller et al. (2006) with urban planning operations. In a second step, we employ the possibilities of shape grammars to encode design patterns (Alexander et al., 1977). Therefore, we propose several examples of design patterns allowing for an intuitive high-level placement of objects common in urban open spaces (e.g. plants). Furthermore, arbitrary interactions between distinct instances of the vegetation and the urban environment can be encoded. With the resulting system, the designer can efficiently vegetate landscape and city parks, alleys, gardens, patios and even single buildings by applying the corresponding shape grammar rules. Our results demonstrate the procedural design process on two practical example scenarios, each one covering a different scale and different contexts of planning. The first example illustrates a derivation of the Garden of Versailles and the second example describes the usage of high-level rule sets to generate a suburbia model.
keywords City modeling, design methodology, generative design, simulation, virtual environments
series eCAADe
email halatsch@arch.ethz.ch, kunze@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id caadria2006_387
id caadria2006_387
authors WEI YAN
year 2006
title BALANCING FREEDOM AND CONTROL FOR WALKTHROUGH IN VIRTUAL ARCHITECTURE: A Smart and Comprehensive Navigation System
source CAADRIA 2006 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Kumamoto (Japan) March 30th - April 2nd 2006, 387-396
summary This paper presents a new navigation system that integrates a perspective view for walkthrough and an interactive map for path planning. The interactive map allows users to draw paths and improves path planning by employing either a 3D aerial view that enables users to zoom and examine or a 2D smart map that possesses knowledge about the usability of design elements in the environments. Path control is merged into users' interactive walkthrough seamlessly and intuitively to achieve a balance of freedom and control. Further more, the paths with all related information can be saved in real-time over the Internet by a user and can be loaded and replayed later by other users. Two case studies demonstrate the application of this system in Virtual Architecture.
series CAADRIA
email wyan@archmail.tamu.edu
last changed 2006/04/17 16:48

_id 95d9
id 95d9
authors Zavoleas, Y.
year 2006
title Real Space, Digital Perception: Formation of Spatial Experience Beyond Materiality
source Spatial Cognition 2006 - online conference proceedings
summary Space is perceived by cognitive operations in which particular elements are assigned spatial significance. Such operations are relatively similar to digitalization processes. An element’s attributes are translated to numerical data according to measuring systems and scales, so that they can be evaluated comparatively. Similarly, elements of the given world are perceptible as sensory stimulations that are registered to the sensory organs and then translated to data, which is comparable to the data of other elements. Sensory stimulators may derive from any element that is registered to the sensory organs, even those which we call as “virtual”, “artificial” and “fake,” for example the elements that are rendered digitally in the computer. With such a premise, the paper examines how such elements may also contribute in the formation of spatial perception. Consequently, the meaning as well as our common interaction with space is contested, along with the limits of reality itself.
keywords spatial perception, digitalization, psychology of space, psychophysics, media, real/virtual, Vilem Flusser, Einstein, Aristotle, Matrix
series other
type normal paper
email yannisz@alum.mit.edu
last changed 2007/04/29 07:42

_id ijac20064106
id ijac20064106
authors Kilian, Axel
year 2006
title Design innovation through constraint modeling
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 4 - no. 1, 87-105
summary In this paper we describe how constraint modeling can support design innovation. Furthermore, we lay out how constraints are employed in the construction and exploration of a model's design space. We place the approach within the context of design exploration using computational and conceptual representations of design. A review of the literature reveals that geometric, topologic, functional, and quantitative constraints are those most commonly used. For each constraint type, an example is presented drawing from several workshops and research conducted by the author. The examples range from product design, to structural design, to fabrication issues in freeform geometry. Based on the case studies, we describe how the different types of constraints can be used as design drivers and help in the exploration of solution spaces. In conclusion, we identify the need for bidirectional exercising of constraints as the next challenge in design exploration and discuss how it is relevant in particular for cross domain design.
keywords Design Exploration; Constraint Modeling; Parametric Modeling
series journal
email akilian@media.mit.edu
more http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/mscp/ijac/2006/00000004/00000001/art00007
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id ijac20064407
id ijac20064407
authors Sass, Lawrence; Botha, Marcel
year 2006
title The Instant House:A Model of Design Production with Digital Fabrication
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 4 - no. 4, pp. 109-123
summary Through a novel design production system, we have developed the ability to produce highly customized wood framed buildings for rural communities in need of designed environments. A definitive need exists for a system that rapidly deploys small buildings such as schools, small hospitals and houses while tailored for a specific design within a community. This paper describes the relationship of digital fabrication to materials and rules for design and fabrication. By example, this paper presents a process of construction of a small house on-site from an initial computer model in sequential stages. Our case study in this paper will express possibilities with digital fabrication for building with designed variation.
series journal
more http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/mscp/ijac/2006/00000004/00000004/art00008
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id 2006_750
id 2006_750
authors Touvra, Zoopigi N.
year 2006
title The potential of Virtual Environments as contexts for Communication
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 750-753
summary This paper documents a study done considering Virtual Reality (VR) as a spatial representational context which supports communication. It aims to identify whether VR could be considered as a communication medium, a tool that could be used for the successful transmission of information and messages, as well as the future form, content and use of it. That is, how does communication occur in a Virtual Environment (VE), by taking into account its visual properties and spatial parameters and under which conditions communication messages are conducted via VR systems, deriving from the one part (sender) and concluding to the other (receiver). The methods selected for this study involve observation and use of questionnaires at the end of each session. An already existing Internet-based online multi-user virtual environment has been chosen as the context where this survey will be carried out, that is the site Active Worlds, http://www.activeworlds.com, which can be accessed very easy to any computer user, in a desktop form. Firstly, we investigated the time needed, depending on the complexity per case, for a user of the VR application to get acquainted with the system. We were interested to know if the meaning that we would like to communicate had either remained the same through all the time of the experience or had been “modified” in a certain way and if so, for what reason. Another issue that was examined was the way in which the spatial context in a specific VE affects the way communication occurs. The framework of the application may influence the way the person receives a message, for example by making assumptions and references that he would not have made in a different environment- outside VR. After the end of the experience, the user was invited to describe his/ her impressions, with the communication factor being stressed, that is to mean if and at what extent VR can be characterized as a communication medium, as it is mentioned above, even for limited information and messages in general.
keywords Virtual Reality; Active Worlds; Virtual Environment (VE); Communication in VE
series eCAADe
email ztouvra@media.uoa.gr
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

_id 8d88
id 8d88
authors Verdy Kwee, Antony Radford, Dean Bruton, Ian Roberts
year 2006
title Architecture | Media | Representations : Survey Data 2006
summary In the architecture education field, the modes of lecturers‚ deliveries are constantly assessed and rightly so, for their performance and effectiveness in disseminating information or imparting knowledge. This is normally done through institution-wide survey of student satisfaction. But are lectures the only source of knowledge in the process of understanding a particular architecture, for example? As we understand, this is not the case. Interestingly enough, as the attached survey shows, they are not even the preferred ones by most.

It could easily be established that architectural information has undergone various manners of representations in publications; most, if not all of which are author-driven in contents and structures. To whatever extent that these publications may have been relied upon as other sources of information and knowledge, it is unusual that there appears to be an absence of assessment of the effectiveness they assume to deliver. It is often found that in such publications, readers are met with irrational expectations of prior understanding of the subject matters that the publications themselves often become beacons which spotlight the positions or commands of knowledge of the authors rather than ones that genuinely guide readers to achieve maximum possible comprehension. Could the reclusive nature of the activity, brought upon by these publications unlike that of the lecture settings, allow them to be easily unquestion-ed/able? Or have they become so effective that their positions are beyond reproach?

In the age where a shadow of change is being brought upon by the presence of a more interactive electronic delivery, it is an interesting period to retreat and reassess the position of the current available media in relation to message recipients. Have the available sources of information really been effective? Will/Should Technology see mere replicas of traditional mode of delivery in digital forms? Could we see possible shifts of delivery methods? What should we be prepared for? These questions were springboards that launched the need for the survey. However, the collected data may be used in a few other various manners than to locate the present scenario or serve as basis to drive the future direction/s in architectural information representations.

keywords survey, media, representations, architectural information
series other
type normal paper
email verdy.kwee@adelaide.edu.au
last changed 2006/07/05 03:36

_id ddss2006-pb-387
id DDSS2006-PB-387
authors Yi-Chia Lee and Yi-Shin Deng
year 2006
title A Design System Integrating TRIZ Method and Case-Based Reasoning Approach
source Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) 2006, Progress in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Eindhoven: Eindhoven University of Technology, ISBN-10: 90-386-1756-9, ISBN-13: 978-90-386-1756-5, p. 387-402
summary Today's industrials are facing numerous product development challenges and pressures as a result of an increasingly competitive market. It creates an enormous need for a constantly growing supply of new ideas and solutions. The computer support used by designers still lacks the ability to use experiential knowledge in a rational way. Therefore, pursuit of designer is utilizing innovative design methods and problem-solving approaches to systematically simplify design problem, and hence accelerate the design process. This paper proposed to integrate TRIZ method into CBR process and aims at exploring the possibility to use TRIZ method as a complement to enhance performance of CBR in product design. Wall lighting design problem is used as example, and an interactive CBR system is not only built to provide designers a computational tool to efficiently retrieve usefulness design cases but also assist designers systematically in finding creative ideas.
keywords TRIZ, Case-based reasoning, Wall light design, Design methods
series DDSS
last changed 2006/08/29 10:55

_id 2006_032
id 2006_032
authors Al-Attili, Aghlab and Leonidas Koutsoumpos
year 2006
title Ethics of Virtuality… Virtuality of Ethics
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 32-39
summary This paper addresses issues pertaining to architecture, virtuality and ethics by establishing an interactive, non-linear virtual environment as a tool for investigation into the virtuality of ethics and ethics of virtuality, in the context of architecture. Starting from the assertion that ‘Virtual Environment (VE) is a metaphor of Real Environment (RE)’, we test the proposition that suggests ‘Ethics of RE can be tested and simulated in VE’. Challenging the notion that sees people reacting to VE in the same way as they interact with their surroundings in RE, we propose that since ethics are engulfing architecture they are also present and simulated in VE. Virtual architecture has elements of ethics that we refer to as ‘Ethics of Virtuality’. In this context, VE ethics seem to lose the ubiquity that is present in RE. In order to examine this hypothesis, we created a VE that corresponds to the RE of the PhD students’ offices, within the Department of Architecture, School of Arts, Culture, and Environment in the University of Edinburgh. The real life users of these offices were subjected to this VE. A qualitative method of research followed to probe their experience, focusing on issues related to ethics. Subjects were asked to give a personal accounts of their experience which gave us an insight into how they think. The compiled list of results and their evaluation showed startling possibilities, further establishing VE as an arena for investigating issues pertaining to both architecture and ethics.
keywords Virtual Environments; Ethics; Place; Representation; Trust
series eCAADe
email Al-Attili@ed.ac.uk
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

_id ascaad2006_paper15
id ascaad2006_paper15
authors Anz, Craig and Akel Ismail Kahera
year 2006
title Critical Environmentalism and the Practice of Re-Construction
source Computing in Architecture / Re-Thinking the Discourse: The Second International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2006), 25-27 April 2006, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
summary This research focuses on the implications and applications of “critical environmentalism” as a quintessential epistemological framework for urban interventions while implementing digital applications that foster collective, round-table approaches to design. Essentially centering the environment (Umwelt) as an encompassing and interconnecting catalyst between multiple disciplines, philosophies, and modes of inquiry and technologies, the framework reciprocally fosters individual and critical identities associated with particular places, belief systems, and their participants as a primary concern. Critical environmentalism promotes a comprehensive, reciprocally unifying epistemological framework that can significantly inform architectural interventions and the tethered use of its technologies in order to foster increased vitality and a certain coinvested attention to the complexities of the greater domain. Grounding the theory in pedagogical practice, this paper documents an approach to urban design and architectural education, implemented as a case-study and design scenario, where divergent perspectives amalgamate into emergent urban configurations, critically rooted in the conditional partialities of place. Digital technologies are incorporated along with analogical methods as tools to integrate multiple perspectives into a single, working plane. Engaging the above framework, the approach fosters a critical (re)construction and on-going, co-vested regeneration of community and the context of place while attempting to dialogically converge multiple urban conditions and modes-of-thought through the co-application of various digital technologies. Critically understanding complex urban situations involves dialogically analyzing, mapping, and modeling a discursive, categorical structure through a common goal and rationale that seeks dialectic synthesis between divergent constructions while forming mutual, catalyzing impetuses between varying facets. In essence, the integration of varying technologies in conjunction, connected to real world scenarios and a guiding epistemic framework cultivates effective cross-pollination of ideas and modes through communicative and participatory interaction. As such it also provides greater ease in crosschecking between a multitude of divergent modes playing upon urban design and community development. Since current digital technologies aid in data collection and the synthesis of information, varying factors can be more easily and collectively identified, analyzed, and then simultaneously used in subsequent design configurations. It inherently fosters the not fully realized potential to collectively overlay or montage complex patterns and thoughts seamlessly and to thus subsequently merge a multitude of corresponding design configurations simultaneously within an ongoing, usable database. As a result, the pedagogical process reveals richly textured sociocultural fabrics and thus produces distinct amplifications in complexity and attentive management of diverse issues, while also generating significant narratives and themes for fostering creative and integrative solutions. As a model for urban community and social development, critical environmentalism is further supported the integrative use of digital technologies as an effective means and management for essential, communicative interchange of knowledge and thus rapprochement between divergent modes-of-thought, promoting critical, productive interaction with others in the (co)constructive processes of our life-space.
series ASCAAD
email canz@siu.edu
last changed 2007/04/08 17:47

_id ijac20064301
id ijac20064301
authors Bermudez, Julio; Agutter, Jim; Foresti, Stefano
year 2006
title Architectural Research in Information Visualization: 10 Years After
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 4 - no. 3, 1-18
summary As our civilization dives deeper into the information age, making sense of ever more complex and larger amounts of data becomes critical. This article reports on interdisciplinary work in Information Visualization addressing this challenge and using architectural expertise as its main engine. The goal of this research is to significantly improve real time decision making in complex data spaces while devising a new architecture that responds to complex information environments. Although we have been reporting in aspects of this work for the past 7 years, this paper covers unpublished knowledge, design methods, operational strategies, and other details that bring together all the material published by our group thus far into a comprehensive and useful whole. We conclude by presenting our latest InfoVis design work in Network Security.
series journal
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id caadria2006_601
id caadria2006_601
authors BINSU CHIANG, MAO-LIN CHIU
year 2006
title PRIVATE/UN-PRIVATE SPACE: Scenario-based Digital Design for Enhancing User Awareness
source CAADRIA 2006 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Kumamoto (Japan) March 30th - April 2nd 2006, 601-603
summary Context awareness is important for human senses of places as well as human computer interaction. The aim of this research paper is focusing on controlling the user's privacy in a smart space which is adaptive to different users for enhancing the user's awareness in his diary life. In Environmental Psychology, the definition of privacy is that an individual has the control of deciding what information of himself is released to others, and under how he interact with others. (Westin 1970) And privacy is categorized as the linguistic privacy and visual privacy. (Sundstorm 1986). Solutions for privacy control: Plan Layout, Vision Boundary, Access Control and Architecture Metaphor - the transmission of information is not ascertainable for every single user. Although information are shown in public, but information is implied by cues and symbols. Only a certain user or a group of users have access to the full context of information. The methodology is to form an analytic framework to study the relationship between information, user and activities by using the computational supports derived from KitchenSense, ConceptNet, Python, 3d Studio Max and Flash; and to record patterns built up by users' behaviour and actions. Furthermore, the scenario-based simulation can envision the real world conditions by adding interfaces for enhancing user awareness.
series CAADRIA
email n7693103@mail.ncku.edu.twmc2p@mail.ncku.edu.tw
last changed 2006/04/17 16:48

_id sigradi2006_c086a
id sigradi2006_c086a
authors Bustos Lopez, Gabriela Ilusion and Vélez Jahn, Gonzalo
year 2006
title Alternativas de Diseño: Sede virtual interactiva para el Taller Virtual de las Américas [Alternatives of Design: 3D Interactive Virtual Site to "Las Americas Virtual Design Studio"]
source SIGraDi 2006 - [Proceedings of the 10th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Santiago de Chile - Chile 21-23 November 2006, pp. 47-51
summary Alternatives of Design is a course that aims to prepare architects from the Master Studies Department of Computing in Architecture (LUZ), in two ways: first, by expanding their perspective about potentialities of using new virtual reality technologies in architecture, and second, by qualifying them to apply this acquired theoretical knowledge in their professional environment, The goal of this research is to describe the products of the course Alternatives of Design 2005, which include: a methodology of designing to the cyberspace by using VRML and Java Script, in order to achieve a proposal of a Site to "Las Americas Virtual Design Studio". This site is projected as a digital manager to interactive simulation in multiuser virtual worlds, specifically to virtual architectonical workshops, With this proposal, it is possible to integrate many users, in real time, from different locations on the same virtual world in Internet.
series SIGRADI
email bustosgabriela@gmail.com, bustosgabriela@yahoo.es
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id 2006_684
id 2006_684
authors De Bodt, Kathleen
year 2006
title SoundScapes & Architectural Spaces - Spatial sound research in digital architectural design
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 684-689
summary The paper presents ongoing research focusing on the development of digital tools and methodologies for spatial design based on non-Euclidean geometries. It addresses the way sound can be used both conceptually and acoustically in the early stages of the design process, examining digital architectural design and modeling based on three-dimensional sound visualization and the acoustical analysis and evaluation of complex curved surface geometry. The paper describes SoundMatrix, the first part of a digital design tool created by using Max/Msp/Jitter, to assist in the preliminary design of building façades in small-scale urban environments, specifically studying the possibilities of curvature to decrease sound reflection between opposing street façades. Examples from a workshop with the SoundMatrix application illustrate the real-time 3D authoring and sound spatialisation processing currently implemented in the tool.
keywords graphical programming; performance-based design; generative design
series eCAADe
email k.debodt@ha.be
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

_id 2006_234
id 2006_234
authors Donath, Dirk and Christian Tonn
year 2006
title Complex design strategies using building information models - Evaluation and interpretation of boundary conditions, supported by computer software
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 234-243
summary The choice of a chord and its execution should be regarded as a must and not left to arbitrary wish or superficial speculation. (Johannes Itten, 1961) The paper describes a modular concept for the IT-support of planning practice using BIM (Building Information Modelling) and a parameterized building model. The platform used is the modularized software concept for architectural planning in existing built contexts (prototype software FREAK). The current progress in the development of a reasoned support of planning tasks is described in this paper in more detail. The system consists of a series of software prototypes which are linked to the BIM, utilize the specific data within and demonstrate the value of a consistent and extendable CAD-model. The “Colored Architecture” software prototype is one such design-support module of the software platform and enables the designer to experiment with the parameters colour, light and materials in architectural space. This module supports experimentation, assessment and realization of colours and materials in the architectural design process on a new quality. For instance, the integration of “live radiosity” light simulation allows a qualified and interactive assessment and evaluation of colours and materials in near-real lighting conditions. The paper also details further software prototypes, modules and concepts including building surveying and the design of self-supporting domed structures.
keywords Design; Parameterized Building Information Modelling; Plausibility; Planning Support; Colour, Material and Light Design
series eCAADe
email christian.tonn@archit.uni-weimar.de
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

_id acadia06_068
id acadia06_068
authors Elys, John
year 2006
title Digital Ornament
source Synthetic Landscapes [Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Design in Architecture] pp. 68-78
summary Gaming software has a history of fostering development of economical and creative methods to deal with hardware limitations. Traditionally the visual representation of gaming software has been a poor offspring of high-end visualization. In a twist of irony, this paper proposes that game production software leads the way into a new era of physical digital ornament. The toolbox of the rendering engine evolved rapidly between 1974-1985 and it is still today, 20 years later the main component of all visualization programs. The development of the bump map is of particular interest; its evolution into a physical displacement map provides untold opportunities of the appropriation of the 2D image to a physical 3D object.To expose the creative potential of the displacement map, a wide scope of existing displacement usage has been identified: Top2maya is a scientific appropriation, Caruso St John Architects an architectural precedent and Tord Boonje’s use of 2D digital pattern provides us with an artistic production precedent. Current gaming technologies give us an indication of how the resolution of displacement is set to enter an unprecedented level of geometric detail. As modernity was inspired by the machine age, we should be led by current technological advancement and appropriate its usage. It is about a move away from the simplification of structure and form to one that deals with the real possibilities of expanding the dialogue of surface topology. Digital Ornament is a kinetic process rather than static, its intentions lie in returning the choice of bespoke materials back to the Architect, Designer and Artist.
series ACADIA
email elysjohn@hotmail.com
last changed 2006/09/22 06:22

_id ddss2006-pb-219
id DDSS2006-PB-219
authors Gyosuke Yamaguchi, Takashi Kobayashi, and Yasuo Hibata
year 2006
title The Relationship of Citizens' Participatory Channels in Real and Cyber Meetings through the Planning Process - Case study; the information management planning process in Yamato city, Japan
source Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) 2006, Progress in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Eindhoven: Eindhoven University of Technology, ISBN-10: 90-386-1756-9, ISBN-13: 978-90-386-1756-5, p. 219-234
summary In the planning process, Yamato city set up four citizens' participatory channels; two in the real space and the other two in the cyber space. The channels in each space are divided into two types; one restricts membership and the other does not. This paper aims to clarify the functions of these four channels through protocol analysis and draws the following two findings. (1) In the channels with the restricted membership, the theme of the discussion continues between the real space and the cyber space mutually. Consequently, close communication became possible. (2) The other finding is that the continuity of discussions exists almost one-way from the restricted channels to the unrestricted, so the unrestricted channels are regarded as functioning to enhance the validity of the citizen discussions in the member-restricted channels. For closer communication, however, the continuity from the unrestricted to the restricted channels should be ensured, hence it is necessary to establish some systems for the continual communication.
keywords Citizens' participation, Real space, Cyber space, Planning process
series DDSS
last changed 2006/08/29 10:55

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