CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 41 to 60 of 505

_id ecaade2007_215
id ecaade2007_215
authors Boytscheff, Constantin; Sfeir, Marilu Kanacri
year 2007
title Experimental Results in Immersive Virtual Reality (IVR): Searching Critical Design Factors within IVR to Increase Architectural Space Qualities
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 91-98
summary The actual study in IVR (Immersive Virtual Reality) proposes a path which may provide meaningful information about the user’s behaviours and difficulties to articulate in immersive worlds. Beyond it, we are searching for parameters to improve design qualities in such an architectural space. Our interest is to use IVR as a medium to research the quality of spaces in particular the atmosphere of such spaces, on the basis of people’s interest and eagerness. Therefore it is important to comprehend the special conditions of the perception and the behaviour of the user in virtual spaces. The purpose is to understand the influence of an IVR environment upon the human being and to develop motivation for a personal use of virtual space as a learning environment. The aim of the analysis was to explore behaviour patterns in a simulated IVR environment. Moving from the dynamic of space, there arises a personal “space-time-system”.
keywords Urban planning, virtual reality, immersive, teaching
series eCAADe
email boytscheff@htwg-konstanz.de
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id ecaade2007_205
id ecaade2007_205
authors Brown, André; Knight, Mike; Winchester, Martin
year 2007
title An Architectural Learning Environment
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 671-675
summary This paper contributes to the discussion on Virtual Learning Environments, particularly those aimed at the study of Architecture and allied or parallel disciplines. The campus at the University of Liverpool has been modeled and from this an interactive environment has been created that replicates the actual built form and landscape of the actual campus. We reflect on the appropriateness of such environments, compared to more conventional web based techniques for the delivery of educational information.
keywords Virtual learning environment, virtual campus, virtual environment
series eCAADe
email andygpb@liverpool.ac.uk, m.w.knight@liverpool.ac.uk
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id cf2007_347
id cf2007_347
authors Caneparo, Luca; Mattia Collo, Alfonso Montuori and Stefano Pensa
year 2007
title Urban Generator
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / 978-1-4020-6527-9 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / 978-1-4020-6527-9] Sydney (Australia) 11–13 July 2007, pp. 347-360
summary The paper presents an ongoing project to interactively simulate urban and regional dynamics at the building scale. Urban Generator is a system for generating a large number of design solutions and for browsing, searching and structuring the high-dimensional space of the design solutions further to variable and customisable factors defined by the designer. The number of these factors is recognised as large; furthermore they are often ill-defined. Urban Generator does not model every factor; instead it supports the designer in defining the significant factors and their interconnections, then freely exploring the dimensions of the space of the design solutions generated by the system.
series CAAD Futures
email luca.caneparo@polito.it
last changed 2007/07/06 10:47

_id acadia07_268
id acadia07_268
authors Cantrell, Bradley E.
year 2007
title Ambient Space
source Expanding Bodies: Art • Cities• Environment [Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture / ISBN 978-0-9780978-6-8] Halifax (Nova Scotia) 1-7 October 2007, 268-275
summary An exploration of streetscape lighting that responds to site phenomena provides a basis to explore the abilities of sensor driven devices to construct landscape form. The project expresses multiple reactive spaces through a hypothetical design project on Pine Street in New York City. The landscape is the input using the variables of wind, sound, motion, and light in order to focus, open, lower, and contract each lighting device. As the landscape progresses throughout the day, season, and/or year, various relationships are created in form and light to organize spaces on multiple scales. Data becomes the armature for scripted reactions allowing the infrastructure to respond for safety or efficiency. With the proliferation of sensor networks and sensor systems, the possibilities arise for the re-articulation of data expression. The single lighting device works within a network that is connected by the specifi c phenomenology of the site. The project is grounded historically in the landscape folly, an architectural device that is not what it appears to be (Figure 1).
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email cantrell@lsu.edu
last changed 2007/10/02 06:11

_id cf2011_p135
id cf2011_p135
authors Chen Rui, Irene; Schnabel Marc Aurel
year 2011
title Multi-touch - the future of design interaction
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 557-572.
summary The next major revolution for design is to bring the natural user interaction into design activities. Graphical User Interfaces (GUI) brought a new approach that was more effective compared to their conventional predecessors. In recent years, Natural User Interfaces (NUI) have advanced user experiences and multi-touch and gesture technologies provide new opportunities for a variety of potential uses in design. Much attention has been paid to leverage in the design of interactive interfaces. The mouse input and desktop screen metaphors limit the information sharing for multiple users and also delayed the direct interaction for communication between each other. This paper proposes the innovative method by integrating game engine ‘Unity3D’ with multi-touch tangible interfaces. Unity3D provides a game development tool as part of its application package that has been designed to let users to focus on creating new games. However, it does not limit the usage of area to design additional game scenarios since the benefits of Unity3D is allowing users to build 3D environments with its customizable and easy to use editor, graphical pipelines to openGL (http://unity3d.com/, 2010 ). It creates Virtual Reality (VR) environments which can simulates places in the real world, as well as the virtual environments helping architects and designers to vividly represent their design concepts through 3D visualizations, and interactive media installations in a detailed multi-sensory experience. Stereoscopic displays advanced their spatial ability while solving issues to design e.g. urban spaces. The paper presents how a multi-touch tabletop can be used for these design collaboration and communication tasks. By using natural gestures, designers can now communicate and share their ideas by manipulating the same reference simultaneously using their own input simultaneously. Further studies showed that 3Dl forms are perceived and understood more readily through haptic and proprioceptive perception of tangible representations than through visual representation alone (Gillet et al, 2005). Based on the authors’ framework presented at the last CAADFutures, the benefits of integrating 3D visualization and tactile sensory can be illustrated in this platform (Chen and Wang, 2009), For instance, more than one designer can manipulate the 3D geometry objects on tabletop directly and can communicate successfully their ideas freely without having to waiting for the next person response. It made the work more effective which increases the overall efficiency. Designers can also collect the real-time data by any change they make instantly. The possibilities of Uniy3D make designing very flexible and fun, it is deeply engaging and expressive. Furthermore, the unity3D is revolutionizing the game development industry, its breakthrough development platform for creating highly interactive 3D content on the web (http://unity3d.com/ , 2010) or similar to the interface of modern multimedia devices such as the iPhone, therefore it allows the designers to work remotely in a collaborative way to integrate the design process by using the individual mobile devices while interacting design in a common platform. In design activities, people create an external representation of a domain, often of their own ideas and understanding. This platform helps learners to make their ideas concrete and explicit, and once externalized, subsequently they reflect upon their work how well it sits the real situation. The paper demonstrates how this tabletop innovatively replaces the typical desktop metaphor. In summary, the paper addresses two major issues through samples of collaborative design: firstly presenting aspects of learners’ interactions with physical objects, whereby tangible interfaces enables them constructing expressive representations passively (Marshall, 2007), while focussing on other tasks; and secondly showing how this novel design tool allows designers to actively create constructions that might not be possible with conventional media.
keywords Multi-touch tabletop, Tangible User Interface
series CAAD Futures
email rui.chen@sydney.edu.au
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id acadia07_104
id acadia07_104
authors Chen, Chien-Lin; Johnson, Brian R.
year 2007
title DVIN: A Dual View Information Navigation System
source Expanding Bodies: Art • Cities• Environment [Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture / ISBN 978-0-9780978-6-8] Halifax (Nova Scotia) 1-7 October 2007, 104-109
summary Differences in the preferred modes of representation of architects and their clients create challenges to their collaboration in the design process. Traditional two-dimensional drawings such as plans, sections and elevations form the backbone of architectural representation, anchoring text labels to record relevant non-graphical information. Nominally geometric “slices” through the proposed building volume, these drawings employ abstractions and conventions unique to professional practice. In contrast, non-architects think about building configuration largely through experiential or photographic perspective. This challenge increases over the life of the project. Simple drawings, such as those used in schematic design, are easily understood by all parties. However, as the building design develops the architects encode more and more design detail through the drawing conventions of construction documents, inadvertently making this detail less and less accessible to non-architects. We present DVIN, a prototype system that uses coordinated plan and perspective views for navigation of building information models, linking the information to an individual’s spatial navigation skills rather than their document navigation skills. This web-based application was developed using Java and VRML. The prototype makes it easier for naive users to locate and query building information, whether they are a client, a facility manager, or possibly an emergency responder.

*** NOTE: two pages missing from the printed proceedings have been appended to the PDF version of this paper and numbered 'erratum page 1' and 'erratum page 2' ***

series ACADIA
type normal paper
email brj@u.washington.edu
last changed 2008/11/17 06:25

_id ascaad2007_043
id ascaad2007_043
authors Chen, G.-Y. M.
year 2007
title Tagging Your Body Virtually : Represent a place making process with social network
source Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 543-558
summary This research focuses on the virtual environment of place making. In this paper we would like to emphasize that the place making should be stressed collective views in order to obtain the design application of possibilities. However, in past researches there has been no study that tried to collect the collective views by digital ways. Accordingly, this paper proposes a response thought the Spatial Intention. It could be used to represent the human of body experience. The "moving" and "standing" are appropriate to two main considerations. Both of these could be connected to the action of "focus" and "choice." these leads to a sequential relationship of place production. The positive significance of the spatial intention lies in the convertibility of physical experience could be implied with a specific understanding. It also could be used to mold the place of knowledge structure. Thereby in order to verify the reliability of the above, we made a social network of virtual environment and used the rapid prototyping method to develop a prototype system. Implementing on the Chinese garden of the actual case, we found that the tag could concentrate as an entire sense in somewhere of place. These tags also could be shared remotely through the social network. Different tags in the sharing mechanism could collage out a place of collective views. This perspective would be used to assist designers to understand the sense of place. It also would be applied to find out the environmental design of possibilities in the future studies.
series ASCAAD
email mivochen@gmail.com
last changed 2008/01/21 21:00

_id sigradi2007_af06
id sigradi2007_af06
authors Chiarella, Mauro; Underlea Bruscato; Rodrigo Garcia Alvarado; María Elena Tosello; Hernán Barría Chateau
year 2007
title 3x1 Digital Hybrids: International workshops and videoconferences about digital architecture [3x1 Híbridos Digitales: Talleres y videoconferencias internacionales sobre arquitectura digital]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 135-140
summary Through the creation of an inter-text of different discursive levels, although for “natives as for digital immigrants”, it has developed a teaching experience in three Latin American scenarios (Chile, Argentina, Brasil), through two pedagogical modalities: international videoconferences and in person practical workshops. The videoconferences facilitated the general theoretical discussion, stating multiples contents, anticipating and framing the later activity of the in person workshop, and returning in discussions and critical insights at the end of each workshop. In the in person workshops, new design strategies of generation of spaces and surfaces were entered upon, through analog-digital resources of ideation and representation.
keywords Hybrid; videoconference; workshop; fold
series SIGRADI
email chiarell@fadu.unl.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id ecaade2007_076
id ecaade2007_076
authors Coates, Paul S.; Derix, Cristian
year 2007
title Parsimonious Models of Urban Space
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 335-342
summary This paper sets out an approach to urban modelling derived from early work with cellular automata and agglomeration models. In these cases the models are an example of distributed representation, where the rules built in to the model are replicated in all the discrete components of the model be they cells or agents. This is the classic AI. / AL paradigm of emergent systems. The paper describes the main structure of the models, and presents examples of the use of this modelling process in design education, pointing out the way dynamic models allow mapping on to interesting speculations about the dynamic of the city, and its social systems. The paper ends with a report on the use of such models as a design decision support system and how they will be used in planned work in master planning in the London Thames gateway area under the UK govt. sustainable communities initiative.
keywords Urban modeling, space syntax, agent based modeling, cellular automata
series eCAADe
email p.s.coates@uel.ac.uk, c.derix@uel.ac.uk
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id ecaade2007_161
id ecaade2007_161
authors Dieckmann, Andreas; Netten, Sarah; Russell, Peter
year 2007
title From Oh-Oh to OO
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 663-669
summary The architect’s profession has always been that of an organizer; a coordinator. In an increasingly specialized society such as ours there is an even greater demand for professionals with a wide range of management abilities. Today’s architect will have to organize and coordinate the flow, the means and the systematic storage of information in a project. For an institution that ‘produces’ architects, it is, in the opinion of the authors, vital to not only teach modern / contemporary methods of organizing information but also to practice them. If architecture students are to comprehend the necessity of organizing skills & tools, they will have to encounter these from day one of their student life. It is perhaps surprising (or not) that niversities are not necessarily the best example of svelte, efficient organisations. On the contrary, they are often run on age-old principles that never change, despite acknowledged faults. A faculty of architecture has been developing a system to enable all members of the faculty, (teachers and students alike), with a central service for the management of information. This service is a set of web-based tools for organizing and managing the curriculum and all matters connected to that. The objective of the platform is to increase efficiency and transparency in the administration of the faculty. The effect of the system has been to develop a community. Two main aspects buttress this community. Firstly, the users are made aware of the presence of other users through a “Who’s On Campus” module. This module allows users to see which other users are logged in and using IP Addresses and WLAN Access Point Information, where they roughly are. Secondly, through a range of communication processes, informal communication is easily undertaken with other users online. The effect has been to improve the daily activities of the faculty. Achieving this has come about not by decree, but by convincing and observable benefits from the system.
keywords Virtual universities, internet collaboration, CSCW
series eCAADe
email peter_russell@mac.com
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id acadia07_164
id acadia07_164
authors Diniz, Nancy; Turner, Alasdair
year 2007
title Towards a Living Architecture
source Expanding Bodies: Art • Cities• Environment [Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture / ISBN 978-0-9780978-6-8] Halifax (Nova Scotia) 1-7 October 2007, 164-173
summary Interaction is the latest currency in architecture, as responsive components are now reacting to the inhabitant of the space. These components are designed and installed by the architect with a view to the phenomenology of space, where the experience of the environment is previewed and pre-constructed before it is translated into the conception of the space. However, this traditional approach to new technology leaves no scope for the architecture to be alive in and of itself, and thus the installed piece quickly becomes just that—an installation: isolated and uncontained by its environment. In this paper, we argue that a way to approach a responsive architecture is to design for a piece that is truly living, and in order to propose a living architecture first we need to understand what the architecture of a living system is. This paper suggests a conceptual framework based on the theory of Autopoiesis in order to create a “self-producing” system through an experiment entitled, “The Life of a Wall” (Maturana and Varela 1980). The wall has a responsive membrane controlled by a genetic algorithm that reconfigures its behaviour and learns to adapt itself continually to the evolutionary properties of the environment, thus becoming a situated, living piece.
series ACADIA
email n.diniz@ucl.ac.uk
last changed 2007/10/02 06:11

_id ascaad2007_014
id ascaad2007_014
authors Dritsas, S. and E. Rafailaki
year 2007
title A Computational Framework for Theater Design
source Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 165-182
summary This paper presents the results of an ongoing research on computational methods for the design of theatrical spaces. We demonstrate a systemic approach to design supported by a set of digital tools implemented for assisting the process. The primary purpose of the framework is to establish a formal basis for expressing and exploring explicit design criteria. At this stage the framework enables us to metrically access a range of design metrics that traditionally have been addressed through primarily architectural narrative. Moreover, our method strives in establishing a background where knowledge can be explicitly encoded and the results of analytical methods can be additively employed. In the future, the framework will assist as the platform for experimenting with generative or query-based design processes empowered by computation. We structured this paper / framework around three conceptual units: (a) a design intent toolkit assisting the processes of rapidly generating theater configurations; (b) an analytical system that evaluates a range of design metrics centered about aspects of visual comfort; and (c) a post-processing and visualization unit that binds the design metrics with existing data / studies and provide a range of representation methods. Overall, the methodology adopts existing knowledge in theatrical design, challenges traditional ideas of understanding the theater and proposes methods for evaluating its architectural performance. The conclusions focus on highlighting both the limitations and the potential of our system in the process of theater design. We also extend outside the boundaries of the current research into a brief discussion on the methodological impact of digital technology in architectural research. Finally we propose areas of future research and development.
series ASCAAD
email sdritsas@kpf.com
last changed 2008/01/21 21:00

_id ecaade2007_186
id ecaade2007_186
authors Economou, Athanassios; Grasl, Thomas
year 2007
title Sieve_n
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 947-953
summary A computational approach for the generation of all partial lattices of two-dimensional shapes with an n-fold symmetry axis is presented and an application in formal analysis in architectural design is presented in the end.
keywords Shape studies, generative design, group theory, graph theory, shape grammars, central buildings
series eCAADe
email economou@coa.gatech.edu
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id ijac20075202
id ijac20075202
authors El-Hakim, Sabry; Gonzo, Lorenzo; Voltolini, Francesca; Girardi, Stefano; Rizzi, Alessandro; Remondino, Fabio; Whiting, Emily
year 2007
title Detailed 3D Modelling of Castles
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 5 - no. 2, pp. 200-220
summary Digitally documenting complex heritage sites such as castles is a desirable yet difficult task with no established framework. Although 3D digitizing and modelling with laser scanners, Photogrammetry, and computer aided architectural design (CAAD) are maturing, each alone is inadequate to model an entire castle in details. We present a sequential approach that combines multiple techniques, each where best suited, to capture and model the fine geometric detail of castles. We provide new contributions in several areas: an effective workflow for castle 3D modelling, increasing the level of automation and the seamless integration of models created independently from different data sets. We tested the approach on various castles in Northern Italy and the results demonstrated that it is effective, accurate, and creates highly detailed models suitable for interactive visualization. It is also equally applicable to other types of large complex architectures.
series journal
last changed 2007/08/29 14:23

_id ascaad2007_028
id ascaad2007_028
authors Elmasry, M.H. and E.M. Farid
year 2007
title User Participation and Mass Customization as Key Factors in the Future Residential Building
source Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 327-342
summary The adoption of mass customization concepts, new manufacturing technologies together with the user participation, can open up an opportunity to the future residential buildings to achieve both a status of art and commodity, breaking the typical dichotonomy in architecture and meeting the individual needs and values of the future clients .The paper emphasizes on the concept of introducing the design as critical selling point where the customers can make their choices and changes through an interactive Web site exploring how mass customization and co-design will affect the architectural design / construction process of the residential multi-storey buildings.
series ASCAAD
email monamasry@yahoo.com
last changed 2008/01/21 21:00

_id ecaade2007_073
id ecaade2007_073
authors Francis, Sabu
year 2007
title Web Based Collaborative Architectural Practice Using a Fractal System
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 727-734
summary I have been working on an architecture representation system in India since 1991; that markedly deviates from the need of traditional drawings as we know. Over three million square feet of work has been done that took advantage of this system as it was being developed. The system has now matured sufficiently to be put into practice as a comprehensive architectural system of practice. It takes advantage of creation of just-in-time dynamic multi-organizations that can get formed (and dismantled) over the Internet on a project to project basis. The raison d’être of the representation system is that it would expose the “source-code” (metaphorically) of any work of architecture to stakeholders, much the same way as an open-source software project exposes the internal representation to fellow developers. I believe the design of architecture must go through an “open source” process in order to produce socially responsible designs. Such a stance is explained in this paper. The paper also explains the system in detail; its mathematical basis and justifies the need for such an approach. It also explores how a collaborative practice can be put into place using the system in the context of Internet technologies.
keywords Collaborative practice, fractals, representation system
series eCAADe
email sf@sabufrancis.com
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id c2f9
id c2f9
authors Friedrich E, Derix C and Hannah S
year 2007
title Emergent Form from Structural Optimisation of the Voronoi Polyhedra Structure
source Proceedings of the Generative Arts conference, Milan, 2007
summary In the course of the exploration of computational means in the architectural design process, in order to investigate more complex, adaptive geometries, the Voronoi diagram has recently gained some attention, being a three-dimensional space-filling structure which is modular but not repetitive. The project looks at the Voronoi diagram as a load-bearing structure, and whether it can be useful for structural optimisation. Hereby the edges of the Voronoi polyhedra are regarded as structural members of a statical system, which then is assessed by structural analysis software. Results seem to indicate that the Voronoi approach produces a very specific structural as well as spatial type of order. Through the dislocation of the Voronoi cells, the statical structure becomes more complex through emergent topology changes, and the initially simple spatial system becomes much more complex thorough emerging adjacencies and interconnections between spaces. The characteristics of the emerging form, however, lie rather in the complexity how shifted spaces and parts are fitted together, than in a radical overall emergent geometry. Spatially as well as a structurally, the form moves from a simple modular repetitive system towards a more complex adaptive one, with interconnected parts which cannot stand alone but rather form an organic whole.
keywords complex geometry, emergence, adaptive topology, voronoi diagram
series other
type normal paper
email christian.derix@aedas.com
more http://www.generativeart.com/
last changed 2012/09/20 16:25

_id caadria2007_593
id caadria2007_593
authors Fukuda, Tomohiro; Atsuko Kaga, Masahiro Kawaguchi and Wookhyun Yeo
year 2007
title Development of Soil Calculation Function in 3-D VR System for Environmental Design
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary When performing an architectural design or an environmental design with complicated geographical features, soil calculation is needed to study the soil balance between the amount of cut and the amount of bank. In recent years, construction activities involving small environmental load have been called for. Therefore, it is necessary to stop the discharge of surplus soil. Moreover, the result of soil calculation can show that the landscape after completion may change greatly. A system which can study soil calculation and landscape simultaneously is called for. Furthermore, to correspond to the citizen participation type design process, a system which can allow understanding of a plan by stakeholders who do not have professional knowledge is called for. This research studies landscape and soil calculation with the aim of developing a possible system. A 3D-VR system which studies environmental design is extended and a soil calculation function in which high precision calculation and visual expression are possible is developed.
series CAADRIA
email fukuda@see.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

_id ascaad2007_060
id ascaad2007_060
authors Gillispie, D. and C. Calderon
year 2007
title A framework towards designing responsive public information systems
source Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 767-782
summary "Evolving effective responsive systems, and creating a credible interface between the work and the user, requires an awareness of many different types of user, contexts and functions as well as the phenomenological aspects of social and environmental conditions." (Bullivant, 2006). Responsive design and interactive architecture operates at the intersection of Architecture, Arts, Technology, Media Arts, HCI and Interaction Design in a physical context suggesting ways in which the existing physical environments can be augmented and extended adding a greater level of depth, meaning and engagement with the world around us. Through a series of case studies, this paper explores a number of principles which may be applied to the design of responsive environments of which public information systems form part. Divided into three main sections, the paper first explains how responsive environments have addressed the application of public information systems, secondly, through a series of case studies, precedents are highlighted which lead to development of principles for developing designs for responsive environments. The third section discusses and elaborates on these principles which have been developed based upon our own interpretations and grouping of precedents and approaches towards interaction design. This paper contributes towards the field of responsive environments and interactive architecture through an analysis of case studies to infer a framework from which responsive environments may be created and developed.
series ASCAAD
email Carlos.calderon@ncl.ac.uk
last changed 2008/01/21 21:00

_id caadria2007_203
id caadria2007_203
authors Heidrich, Felix; Peter Russell and Thomas Stachelhaus
year 2007
title Intervision3D: Online 3D Visualisation and Conferencing
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary The use of Internet communication technologies in distributed teams has been carried out for well over 10 years. In this time, various methods to communicate and transfer information have been developed. A large amount of effort has been placed on enabling normal conversation to take place and it could be said, that with technologies like Skype, this is established. This enables planning partners to discuss, but we still need to convey what they are discussing. In short, the contents are still lacking. Technologies exist to allow users to share files or images, however this does not nearly reach the intensity or quality of discussions when partners are sitting together in front of a drawing or model. At best, screen sharing allows participants to see the same image but with low resolution and bad system response. The goal of the Intervision3D project is to allow distributed team members to discuss design issues with a common 3D model where participants can manipulate the model together in real time. In contrast to screen-sharing solutions, the Intervision3D project uses a server, which delivers a copy of the model to each conference participant. The server then coordinates the perspective views of all conference participants. One of the participants (usually the first) is initially designated as the speaker and he or she controls the views of the model through an intuitive walk/fly-through interface. The speed of the system is also buttressed by the simplicity of the application: as a Java applet, it is possible to start the Intervision3D system in any browser or as a separate applet on any system. As such, none of the participants need to install anything. The resolution of the model is optimized for each participant's browser and computer display. Currently, Intervision3D can import .3ds files and then render them using the JOGL Engine (Java Bindings for Open GL). JOGL allows the full Open GL suite to be used in rendering the model including lighting and textures: even normal PCs can do this quite well. The first implementation of the system is within an existing internet-based Design Studio and the paper elucidates how the first uses of the system have (partially) helped to increase the exchange of design ideas over the Internet. Through the Intervison3D system, the participants who have been separated by distance can once again discuss the same 3D model.
series CAADRIA
email info@caad.arch.rwth-aachen.de
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

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