CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ascaad2007_014
id ascaad2007_014
authors Dritsas, S. and E. Rafailaki
year 2007
title A Computational Framework for Theater Design
source Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 165-182
summary This paper presents the results of an ongoing research on computational methods for the design of theatrical spaces. We demonstrate a systemic approach to design supported by a set of digital tools implemented for assisting the process. The primary purpose of the framework is to establish a formal basis for expressing and exploring explicit design criteria. At this stage the framework enables us to metrically access a range of design metrics that traditionally have been addressed through primarily architectural narrative. Moreover, our method strives in establishing a background where knowledge can be explicitly encoded and the results of analytical methods can be additively employed. In the future, the framework will assist as the platform for experimenting with generative or query-based design processes empowered by computation. We structured this paper / framework around three conceptual units: (a) a design intent toolkit assisting the processes of rapidly generating theater configurations; (b) an analytical system that evaluates a range of design metrics centered about aspects of visual comfort; and (c) a post-processing and visualization unit that binds the design metrics with existing data / studies and provide a range of representation methods. Overall, the methodology adopts existing knowledge in theatrical design, challenges traditional ideas of understanding the theater and proposes methods for evaluating its architectural performance. The conclusions focus on highlighting both the limitations and the potential of our system in the process of theater design. We also extend outside the boundaries of the current research into a brief discussion on the methodological impact of digital technology in architectural research. Finally we propose areas of future research and development.
series ASCAAD
email sdritsas@kpf.com
last changed 2008/01/21 21:00

_id ddss2008-02
id ddss2008-02
authors Gonçalves Barros, Ana Paula Borba; Valério Augusto Soares de Medeiros, Paulo Cesar Marques da Silva and Frederico de Holanda
year 2008
title Road hierarchy and speed limits in Brasília/Brazil
source H.J.P. Timmermans, B. de Vries (eds.) 2008, Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, ISBN 978-90-6814-173-3, University of Technology Eindhoven, published on CD
summary This paper aims at exploring the theory of the Social Logic of Space or Space Syntax as a strategy to define parameters of road hierarchy and, if this use is found possible, to establish maximum speeds allowed in the transportation system of Brasília, the capital city of Brazil. Space Syntax – a theory developed by Hillier and Hanson (1984) – incorporates the space topological relationships, considering the city shape and its influence in the distribution of movements within the space. The theory’s axiality method – used in this study – analyses the accessibility to the street network relationships, by means of the system’s integration, one of its explicative variables in terms of copresence, or potential co-existence between the through-passing movements of people and vehicles (Hillier, 1996). One of the most used concepts of Space Syntax in the integration, which represents the potential flow generation in the road axes and is the focus of this paper. It is believed there is a strong correlation between urban space-form configuration and the way flows and movements are distributed in the city, considering nodes articulations and the topological location of segments and streets in the grid (Holanda, 2002; Medeiros, 2006). For urban transportation studies, traffic-related problems are often investigated and simulated by assignment models – well-established in traffic studies. Space Syntax, on the other hand, is a tool with few applications in transport (Barros, 2006; Barros et al, 2007), an area where configurational models are considered to present inconsistencies when used in transportation (cf. Cybis et al, 1996). Although this is true in some cases, it should not be generalized. Therefore, in order to simulate and evaluate Space Syntax for the traffic approach, the city of Brasília was used as a case study. The reason for the choice was the fact the capital of Brazil is a masterpiece of modern urban design and presents a unique urban layout based on an axial grid system considering several express and arterial long roads, each one with 3 to 6 lanes,
keywords Space syntax, road hierarchy
series DDSS
last changed 2008/09/01 15:06

_id ijac20075303
id ijac20075303
authors Hernandez, Luis A.; Taibo, Javier; Blanco, David; Iglesias, Jose A.; Seoane, Antonio; Jaspe, Alberto; Lopez, Rocio
year 2007
title Physically Walking in Digital Spaces - A Virtual Reality Installation for Exploration of Historical Heritage
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 5 - no. 3, pp. 487-506
summary Immersive Virtual Reality Systems have been extensively used during recent years for the exploration of architectonic spaces. This paper describes how the use of transitable immersive virtual reality systems, that is, those that allow the user to physically walk while exploring the virtual world, can greatly empower the experience of perception of space in architecture. The text describes a particular example of one installation of this kind that was developed by the authors and how it was implemented for the interactive experience of the virtual reconstruction of a housing unit on a pre-roman settlement. This installation is open to the public as part of a permanent exhibition and constitutes the final output of the research at this time.
series journal
last changed 2007/11/20 17:06

_id cf2007_223
id cf2007_223
authors Hirschberg, Urs; Martin Frühwirth and Stefan Zedlacher
year 2007
title Puppeteering Architecture: Experimenting with 3D gestural design interfaces
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / 978-1-4020-6527-9 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / 978-1-4020-6527-9] Sydney (Australia) 11–13 July 2007, pp. 223-234
summary This paper documents and analyzes a set of experimental prototype applications for interaction with 3D modeling software through body movements. The documented applications are the result of two workshops dedicated to exploring the potential of 3D motion tracking technology in architectural design. The larger issue the work addresses is how one can create tools that allow us to bring our intuition and our talent for ‘craft’ into the digital design process and in how far tapping into the expressive powers of our body movements may provide new possibilities in this respect.
series CAAD Futures
email hirschberg@tugraz.at
last changed 2007/07/06 10:47

_id sigradi2007_af26
id sigradi2007_af26
authors Muñoz, Patricia Laura
year 2007
title Communication between morphological knowledge and CAM in Industrial Design [La comunicación entre el saber proyectual y el CAM en Diseño Industrial]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 265-269
summary Digital fabrication systems have modified the production viability of complex shapes in industrial design objects. This field has been analyzed namely in its technical features, leaving aside some attributes of the progressive process of conformation that constitutes design. Our aim is to connect, and to examine the relations between morphological knowledge and digital fabrication; exploring, regulating, and creating a transference model between both areas. The development of these conceptual tools will contribute promote an autonomous intellectual attitude that will enable a reflective integration of these innovative processes to our professional practice, avoiding an imitative reflex of foreign productions.
keywords Fabrication; morphology; industrial design; technology; complexity
series SIGRADI
email patricia@plm.com.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id ijac20075103
id ijac20075103
authors Nir, Eyal
year 2007
title From No-Dimensions to N-Dimensions with Parametric Point-Clouds
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 5 - no. 1, pp. 46-59
summary This paper presents an innovative approach towards parametric design using point-clouds as design media. Exposing the internal numeric representation of digital models led to the development of parametric point-clouds as design drivers. A parametric point-cloud concept is presented in this paper, exploring its potential application for behavior modeling, generative design and performance-driven design of building envelopes.
series journal
email eyal@paracloud.com
last changed 2007/06/14 10:11

_id acadia07_242
id acadia07_242
authors Sanguinetti, Paola; Abdelmohsen, Sherif
year 2007
title 242 On the Strategic Integration of Sketching And Parametric Modeling in Conceptual Design
source Expanding Bodies: Art • Cities• Environment [Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture / ISBN 978-0-9780978-6-8] Halifax (Nova Scotia) 1-7 October 2007, 242-249
summary Architects perform problem-solving tasks while designing through various externalization modes. Among the architectural community sketching is associated with conceptual design, and parametric modeling is seen as a tool for detailed design development. However, parametric modeling is increasingly being used for exploring design concepts. We propose that sketching and parametric modeling can be integrated strategically as alternate externalization modes to support problem solving in conceptual design. With sketching, architects are able to externalize their ideas quickly and effortlessly, as the flexible structure of sketching provokes multiple interpretations through continuous refl ection. With parametric modeling, architects must define a set of parameters and rule-based constraints. By modeling design objects as parametric, multiple design variations can be generated, modifi ed, and evaluated. In this paper we describe an efficient process of problem-solving by studying the strategic use of sketching and parametric modeling in conceptual design. We conduct an experiment to explore the processes involved in both modes. Digital sketching is recorded by the Logitech io2 personal digital pen, and parametric modeling using Digital Project software is recorded by screen video capturing software, followed by a retrospective analysis. The ACADIA 2007 competition brief is used as the design task.
series ACADIA
email paolas@gatech.edu
last changed 2007/10/02 06:14

_id ecaade2007_158
id ecaade2007_158
authors Schlueter, Arno; Bonwetsch, Tobias
year 2007
title The M.ANY Project - Exploring a Matrix Model for a Fully Digital Workflow in Architectural Design
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 895-900
summary Current information technologies facilitate the design of highly customized architectures using complex geometries. In order to be able to realize such architectures a generative design approach including the seamless use of digital design data is essential. The m.any project displays a fully digital workflow from parametric design to production on CNC-machines. An irregular spatial structure generated by algorithms is controlled and manipulated through an especially developed software. In addition to the calculation of the complex geometry, the software also generates necessary construction elements for the realization. These elements are processed on computer controlled fabrication facilities. Based on the m.any project we illustrate how the common workflow in architectural design changes when fully incorporating digital tools. Instead of a linear sequence of design decisions we introduce the concept of a process matrix which meets the multiple dependencies of a digital workflow. The realization of a physical prototype is presented as the result of the implementation of the matrix concept on an architectural design task.
keywords Generative design, digital chain, digital fabrication, voronoi algorithms, programming
series eCAADe
email schlueter@arch.ethz.ch, bonwetsch@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id ijac20075105
id ijac20075105
authors Schnabel, Marc Aurel; Karakiewicz, Justyna
year 2007
title Rethinking Parameters in Urban Design
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 5 - no. 1, pp. 84-98
summary This paper describes the unique coupling of an architectural urban design studio with an in-depth digital media course for the purpose of exploring new avenues of architectural expression, urban form-finding, and communication through the exploration of urban parameters. By merging descriptive parameters of urban situations with digital parametric tools, the understanding of urban design processes was enhanced by the possibility to perceive and comprehend larger problems of spatial urban experiences. The paper discusses how variables, goals, and outcomes of this urban design studio, as well as its integration with digital parametric design, allowed the participants to create an innovative urban design language. It reviews the implications for design education, as well as for the understanding and communication of complex urban designs that are responsive to a variety of parameters. This work lie sin the tradition of artists who push media to explore new interpretations of both the media themselves and of their artwork as much as it does of the use of parametric systems as technological tools.
series journal
email marcaurel@usyd.edu.au
last changed 2007/06/14 10:11

_id acadia07_048
id acadia07_048
authors Vollen, Jason; Clifford, Dale; Winn, Kelly; Gindlesparger, Matt
year 2007
title Digital Fabric: Generating Ceramic Catenary Networks
source Expanding Bodies: Art • Cities• Environment [Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture / ISBN 978-0-9780978-6-8] Halifax (Nova Scotia) 1-7 October 2007, 48-55
summary Digital modeling in the design environment has prompted intuitive shaping of architectural form. The pliability of the imagination allows limitless possibilities of shape without a constrained methodology. This paper chronicles a design exploring catenary form-finding using parametric constraints in a dynamic modeling environment. Catenary structural networks are treated as digital cloth objects. Applying parametric edge and point constraints simulates various behavior patterns under gravity load. The integration of real-time Finite Element Method [FEM] and dynamic cloth simulation presents an intuitive method for the design and analysis of catenary structures. Constraints resist the limitless pliability of shape and hone the intuition using force to find form realized as a ceramic catenary network.
series ACADIA
email jvollen@email.arizona.edu
last changed 2007/10/02 06:14

_id sigradi2007_af77
id sigradi2007_af77
authors Amorim Côrtes, Marta; Arivaldo Leão de Amorim
year 2007
title Digital Photogrammetric Restitution of the Pelourinho’s Façades, in Salvador - Bahia, Brazil [Restituição fotogramétrica digital das fachadas do pelourinho, Salvador – Bahia, Brasil]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 375-379
summary Brazil has so many historical cities with important architectural heritage. Some of them are remains of the colonial times and aggregate beautiful buildings such as, palaces, public buildings and churches in baroque style, legacy of the Portuguese colonization. Despite of its cultural value, most of these building sets are under several kinds of threats. This paper discusses about the experience on digital photogrammetric restitution of the building façades of Pelourinho, a neighborhood in the historical center of Salvador, the capital city of the State of Bahia. The architectural documentation is an important way to preserve and safeguard its memory, besides being an effective educational process about the meaning of preservation and cultural heritage.
series SIGRADI
email cortes.marta@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id caadria2007_301
id caadria2007_301
authors Barrow, Larry; Shaima Al Arayedh
year 2007
title Emerging Technololgy – Dilemma and Opportunities in Housing
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary Digital Technology has transformed industrial manufacturing and production; and an array of Industrial Design products provide increasing comfort and benefit to millions of global citizens via ergonomic and mass production/customization strategies. Yet, housing needs of a rapidly growing global population are rarely affected by digital technology. Shifts in societal demographics, from rural to urban city centres, and concurrently Global Warming and ecological changes are exacerbating the world housing situation. Millions are homeless, live in inadequate shelter, or as in the US Manufactured Housing (MH) market, live in nondurable poor quality “manufactured” houses that are detrimental to health, at best, or during extreme weather events, suffer catastrophic damages often resulting in death to occupants. Nevertheless, housing concepts and related living units have benefited very little when compared to architecture’s related manufacturing industries counter-parts (i.e. automotive, aerospace, marine industries, etc). While Technology has vividly expanded the shape language of architecture (i.e. Free-Form-Design), some may argue that Free-Form- Design buildings generally have beauty that is only “skin deep” and typically focus on providing signature statements for both the designer and elite clientele. In this paper, we will briefly review the role of the architect in the US Manufactured Housing industry; additionally, we will identify the major problems that plaque the US Manufactured Housing Industry. Further, we will review how architects and Industrial Designers use technology in their respective fields and draw larger designmanufacture principals for issues of global housing. Our findings and analysis suggest that an Industrial Design approach, applied in architecture for mass housing, offers a means of improving the architect’s role and technology in manufactured housing for the masses.
series CAADRIA
email skumar@caad.msstate.edu
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

_id sigradi2007_af04
id sigradi2007_af04
authors Briones, Carolina; Ava Fatah gen. Schieck; Chiron Mottram
year 2007
title LEDs Urban Carpet, a socializing interactive interface for public environments [LEDs Urban Carpet, una instalación interactiva para sociabilizar en el espacio público]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 404-408
summary The purpose of this paper is to explore the type of social interactions that can be generated when a technological platform is introduced in a public environment. Here we present an interactive urban installation, which use a body-input as a form of a non-traditional user interface. Its aim is to enhance novel experiences that can enrich interactions between people nearby, sharing the same space and the same playful atmosphere. The prototype incorporates a grid of lights that dynamically generates patterns according to pedestrian’s position over the carpet. The installation was tested in various locations around the City of Bath, UK.
keywords Urban computing; Interactive installation; Body-input interface; Social interaction
series SIGRADI
email pax.briones@gmail.com,
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ijac20075110
id ijac20075110
authors Coyne, Richard; Lucas, Raymond; Li, Jia; Parker, Martin; Lee, John
year 2007
title Co-operation and Complicity Voices, Robots, and Tricksters in the Digital Marketplace
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 5 - no. 1, pp. 162-175
summary We advocate the theme of complicity, ahead of co-operation, as a means of understanding complex, interactive digital systems. Our case study of a market precinct known as the Barras, about one mile from the centre of the city of Glasgow, foregrounds the notion of complicity. Market places are characterized not only by co-operation in rule-governed environments, but complicity between actors as a means of breaking rules, working at the boundaries of formal frameworks, avoiding other actors, such as law enforcers, and even working with them in tacitly agreed evasion strategies. We present the human voice (as exercised in the case of market stall holders drawing attention to their wares) as a major medium of complicity. In our application of these ideas we deploy Lego Mindstorms TM RCX robot processing to explore interactions between a mobile sensing robot and simple environmental controls: movements of sliding screens in response to an autonomous mobile sensor. As well as their benign characteristics as co-operating agents, we argue for a consideration of robots as quintessential tricksters, plotting and scheming strategies of survival, evasion and opportunism. Traits that can be employed in the development of useful augmented environments.
series journal
email Richard.Coyne@ed.ac.uk
last changed 2007/06/14 10:11

_id b92c
id b92c
authors Derix, Christian
year 2012
title Digital Masterplanning: Computing Urban Design
source In Urban Design and Planning: Institution of Civil Engineers, Thomas Telford Publishers, ahead-of-print
summary The digital revolution has finally reached urban design as one of the last design communities not very familiar with computing. This is despite the city and geography being the natural fields for systems analogy and digital models of mathematical and statistical simulation were developed in the 60s and 70s for urban planning, much before industrial or architectural design. The recent arrival of urban design simulations is however not as innovative and radical as their 50 year old counterparts since they use computing solely for policy visualization, quantity evaluation or pattern generation. The Computational Design and Research Group [CDR] at Aedas|R&D started in 2007 to develop an open platform of lightweight applications – Digital Masterplanning – in collaboration with partners from academia and industry to provide methods for urban design, based on computational methods called meta-heuristic algorithms. An attempt to encode empirical knowledge and design assumptions into simulations is described where designers can assemble the resulting applications according to scales and brief into custom workflows.
keywords Spatial Planning, Urban Design, Meta-Heuristic Algorithms, Computational Design
series journal paper
type normal paper
email christian.derix@aedas.com
more http://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/content/article/10.1680/udap.9.00041
last changed 2012/09/20 15:41

_id ijac20075209
id ijac20075209
authors Kersten, Thomas P.
year 2007
title Virtual Reality Model of the Northern Sluice of the Ancient Dam in Marib/Yemen by Combination of Digital Photogrammetry and Terrestrial Laser Scanning for Archaeological Applications
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 5 - no. 2, pp. 340-354
summary In this paper the potential of digital photogrammetry and terrestrial laser scanning in combination is demonstrated in the recording and 3D CAD construction of the northern sluice of the ancient dam in Marib/Yemen, which is located approx. 150 kilometre east of the capital city Sana'a, close to the inner Arabic desert. The Yemeni government proposed for initiation of the building into the list of the UNESCO world cultural heritage. This described project work is a co-operation between the Commission for Archaeology of Non-European Cultures (KAAK) Bonn of the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) and the department Geomatics of the HafenCity University Hamburg. The object recording was carried out in January 2006 with the digital SLR camera Fujifilm FinePix S2 pro and the terrestrial laser scanner Trimble GS100 during the archaeological excavations. The northern sluice was reconstructed and visualized as a computer-based 3D CAD model for archaeological investigations (as-builtdocumentation of the excavations) and for future tourism advertising and publication purposes.
series journal
last changed 2007/08/29 14:23

_id ecaade2007_204
id ecaade2007_204
authors Knight, Michael; Saeed, Ghousia; Chen, Yu-Horng; Brown, André
year 2007
title Remote Location in an Urban Digital Model
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 581-587
summary The work reported in this paper builds on previous work and deals with two particular aspects that contribute to effective interactive city modelling delivered to small mobile devices ‘on the fly’. Firstly, one strand involved in this study is probing into the perception and understanding of users while using different 3D city model representations on small screen devices. The second strand reported on is concerned with establishing the location of the remote users in an Urban environment.
keywords City modeling, wireless, mobile
series eCAADe
email m.w.knight@liverpool.ac.uk, g.saeed@liv.ac.uk, andygpb@liverpool.ac.uk
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id caadria2007_569
id caadria2007_569
authors Kos, Jose
year 2007
title History and 3D City Models: An Analysis of Digital Representations of the City Evolution
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary Through the evaluation of advantages and limitations of 3D historic city models, this paper aims to analyze the contribution of those tools to the city history representation. One should overcome limitations such as incomplete information, impediments to acknowledge hypotheses representations, intense labor requirements or difficulties to encourage a historical reflection. We argue that creative systems that are carefully planned towards history’s thorough understanding are more effective than those applications which focus on the development of high quality images. Those issues are illustrated by the system prototype “Rio-H”, which presents an alternative to communicate the history of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
series CAADRIA
email josekos@ufrj.br
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

_id ascaad2007_010
id ascaad2007_010
authors Leite, J.V. and S.M. Zancheti
year 2007
title Public Cyberspace: The virtualization of public space in digital city projects
source Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 111-126
summary Digital cities are characterized by the gathering of people and institutions connected to each other through a computer network, which has a real city as a reference. In this context, it is important to comprehend processes and factors of socialization in communication networks which are routinely present in the dynamics of a city. The aim of this paper is to characterize a concept of Public Cyberspace within the virtualization of public space in selected digital city projects.
series ASCAAD
email julietaleite@gmail.com
last changed 2008/01/21 21:00

_id sigradi2007_af69
id sigradi2007_af69
authors Leite, Julieta Leite
year 2007
title Spatial (in)formations: How’s interface between the urban space and the virtual space? [(in)formações espaciais: Que interface entre o espaço urbano e o espaço virtual?]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 355-358
summary This article contributes to comprehend how socialization by communication networks influences the dynamics of use and occupation of city spaces. The urban space is analyzed according the relations between the electronic spaces and the social space of every day. It interests us how the physical structures of urban spaces and the virtual space contribute to shape one single space, as an interface relational, that serve to organizing and representing the collectivity that use them.
keywords Urban space; cyberspace; social space; ubiquity
series SIGRADI
email julieta_leite@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:54

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