CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ddss2008-47
id ddss2008-47
authors Den Otter, Ad F. and H.J. Pels
year 2008
title Rivalry between the collective use of IT tools and working methods of design teams Comparison of research outcomes
source H.J.P. Timmermans, B. de Vries (eds.) 2008, Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, ISBN 978-90-6814-173-3, University of Technology Eindhoven, published on CD
summary Nowadays a high variety of IT tools is available for communication purposes in design processes on individual and group level. Despite this, the exchange and sharing of design documents collectively in design and engineering teams might be limited mainly, due to habits, preferences, working methods and rivalry between the collective use of IT tools in such product development. Changes in habits and preferences for collective use of IT tools might be realized by training and management power. However, adoption of collectively to be used tools, like project websites, is depending heavenly on the attractiveness for users in daily work. Based on empirical research outcomes it is indicated that rivalry between collective used tools and differences in working methods of users might be main barriers for attractiveness of these tools in daily work. Applying a framework for analyzing and categorizing of the frequency of use of IT tools for team communication, the authors explain the appearance of rivalry between tools, limiting the effectiveness in daily work and not affecting team communication and performance. By comparison of working methods in different sectors authors explain the necessity of changes in working methods in design and engineering in the building & construction industry on organizational and inter-organizational level for successful adoption of collectively to be used IT tools in team communication.
keywords Rivalry between IT tools, collective use, team communication, team performance, working habits, preferences, working methods, 2nd order of change
series DDSS
last changed 2008/09/01 15:06

_id caadria2008_62_session6a_510
id caadria2008_62_session6a_510
authors Diniz, Nancy
year 2008
title Body tailored space: Configuring Space through Embodiment
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 510-517
summary With this project I propose that embodiment can be more emphasized and better supported in space-design frameworks. This paper presents background on several theories of embodiment since the beginning of the twentieth century to recent developments of the concept in tangible and social computing and anticipate that this reveals pathways for designing new embodiment framework systems for architecture. I suggest that architecture and interactive computing can share a common theoretical foundation in embodied interaction. The main thesis is for designers to use the body as an interface to understand how the interaction between a person and his/her surroundings arises and how our embodiment reveals other rich spatial qualities during the conception phase of design. This paper proposes a conceptual framework for embodied interaction based on the creation of real-time systems in order to instigate a framework for interactive processes that can help designers understand architecture phenomena and the performance of space. I present a design experiment on embodied performance space entitled “Body Tailored Space” where the boundaries of the human body are metaphorically extended into surrounding membranes.
keywords Embodiment; embodied interaction; interactive architecture; phenomenology; second order cybernetics
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ijac20076106
id ijac20076106
authors Donath, Dirk; Bohme, Luis Felipe Gonzalez
year 2008
title Constraint-Based Design in Participatory Housing Planning
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 6 - no. 1, pp. 97-117
summary We introduce some novel ideas for a constraint-based design strategy to support participatory housing planning processes in Latin America. The following lines intend to open the discussion on the requirements and effect of the computer implementation of a constraint satisfaction approach to solve elementary design problems in architectural practice. The case study applies to the building massing design problem posed by the Chilean urban regulatory framework that addresses single-family affordable houses. Two different implementation criteria are being tested in an ongoing series of trials providing further considerations. One prototype uses MAXON's CINEMA4D XPRESSO® visual scripting environment to set up a semi-automated design environment which allows users to edit one feature-based 3D model of massing alternative at a time. The other prototype uses ILOG's OPL STUDIO® constraint programming environment to achieve fully automated search and 2D visualization of all possible solution alternatives to separate subdomains of the building massing design problem.
series journal
last changed 2008/06/18 06:12

_id cdc2008_111
id cdc2008_111
authors Dounas, Theodore
year 2008
title Algebras, Geometries and Algorithms, Or How Architecture fought the Law and the Law Won
source First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? - 18-19 April 2008, Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge (USA), pp. 111-114
summary An Architect is required to deal quite often with a restrictive piece of Building Code during his/her practice, especially in traditional and hence protected environments. The paper examines the algorithmic nature of such a Building Code and in particular the President's Decree governing the design and architecture of traditional housing in the Old Town, “Ano Poli”, in Thessaloniki Greece. The nature of the constraints and descriptions the Decree contains is algorithmic, which means that the descriptions of the constraints is procedural with a specific start and a specific finish for a house design. The problem with such descriptions in a Law is that, although an architect can develop his/her own interpretations of the traditional language of the area, or even be able to trace his/her designs using shape grammars derived from traditional buildings preserved until today, the final result cannot be approved for a building permit since it does not comply with the Presidential Decree. We suggest that the nature of such legislation should be algebraic in nature and not algorithmic, since algebras allow an amount of freedom in development of architectural language while also permitting the restriction of scale, height and so on. This coupling of architectural design freedom and effective restriction on metrics of new buildings contained in algebraic systems can be shown to be much more effective than the established algorithmic system. The Decree's content comprises of regulations concerning the volume, form and use of new buildings in the protected and conserved built environment of “Ano Poli” in Thessaloniki.
last changed 2009/01/07 07:05

_id ijac20076306
id ijac20076306
authors Dujovne, David Butelmann; Montoya, Claudio Labarca
year 2008
title Digital design and manufacture based on Chiloean boats
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 6 - no. 3, pp. 317-333
summary This paper proposes a design methodology for the manufacture of complex, double-curved surfaces based on the digital reconstruction of traditional structural and constructive elements of Chiloean boats. It also suggests a beneficial association between digital design and CAD CAM for manufacture using locally crafted construction techniques. The incorporation of innovated contemporary digital design and fabrication tools into traditional construction systems, aims to optimize and perpetuate traditional artisanal craft construction of complex shapes developed in the south of Chile. The importance of this research in budget-restricted economies, lies in the possibility of applying local construction and assembly techniques to new sophisticated designs that may satisfy the country's architectural needs. Scale models are used to record the design process and constructive development while information flow charts document the design methodology for the construction of complex geometries.
series journal
last changed 2008/10/14 12:00

_id ecaade2008_086
id ecaade2008_086
authors Elsen, Catherine; Juchmes, Roland; Kubicki, Sylvain; Leclercq, Pierre
year 2008
title DCDS – Distant Collaborative Design Studio
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 325-332
summary This paper introduces new supporting tools in the field of distant collaborative design, namely DCDS and CRTI-weB. These prototypes respectively support: the early stages of design, through the support of the crucial initial step of free-hand sketches shared in real-time, and the asynchronous collaborative activities. The main goal of this paper is to propose the use of these innovative tools as an efficient and realistic way of managing long distance collaboration, to effectively serve the designers’ needs. This proposition is analyzed and addressed through a real-size experiment featuring 30 architecture and architectural-engineering students, working together in real-time at different locations (Belgium and France). This experiment and the necessary survey open up interesting fields of investigation, such as the relevance of the proposed services in supporting distant collaborative design in architecture and the benefit this represents for students to merge the IT aspects and the design studio. The methodology and the replicability are analyzed to increase the level and quality of formation of our students and, finally, a criticism of the tools confirms a benefit for the developing teams.
keywords Distant collaborative design, sketch support systems, asynchronous collaborative activities
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id ddss2008-29
id ddss2008-29
authors Emanuel, Leleito; Akira Ohgai Motoya Koga Yoshimizu Gohnai
year 2008
title Using WebGIS and Videoconferencing to SupportDistributed Concurrent Urban Planning WorkshopsA case supporting a collaborative community "Treasure MapCreation” workshop
source H.J.P. Timmermans, B. de Vries (eds.) 2008, Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, ISBN 978-90-6814-173-3, University of Technology Eindhoven, published on CD
summary This study focuses on an experimental method that employs the internet, WebGIS and videoconference systems to enable gathering and sharing of information from concurrently hosted multiple distributed participatory planning workshops. The method is expected to contribute to time, effort and economic savings while enabling greater grassroots participation as well as promoting the whole participatory planning process through more efficient information collection, sharing and updating. The authors present as a case study a distributed WS supported by videoconferencing and WebGIS systems reporting on the challenges and the implications for use in supporting participatory planning from the community scale to the larger scale regional planning levels are discussed.
keywords Citizen Participatory Planning, WebGIS, Videoconferencing, Distributed Workshops
series DDSS
last changed 2008/09/01 15:06

_id esaulov02_paper_eaea2007
id esaulov02_paper_eaea2007
authors Esaulov, G.V.
year 2008
title Videomodeling in Architecture. Introduction into Concerned Problems
source Proceedings of the 8th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference
summary Since the very 1st year Russian Academy of Architecture and building sciences that was established in 1992 by the Presidents’ decree as the higher scientific and creative organization in the country has always paid much attention to supporting and developing fundamental investigations in architecture, town-planning, building sciences, professional education and creative practice. Study of the birth process of the architectural idea and searching for tools assisting the architect’s creative activity and opportunities for adequate transfer of architectural image to potential consumer – relate to the number of problems which constantly bother the architectural community. Before turning to the conference, let us set certain conditions that have a significant impact on the development of architectural and construction activity in modern Russia.
series EAEA
last changed 2008/04/29 18:46

_id ecaade2008_192
id ecaade2008_192
authors Fioravanti, Antonio
year 2008
title An e-Learning Environment to Enhance Quality in Collaborative Design
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 829-836
summary The research project is aimed at enhancing the overall quality of buildings through a suitable exercise of design collaboration, and a delocalized cross-disciplinary learning for university students in the faculties of Architecture and Engineering. The research defines methods, techniques and ICT programs to provide education in the culture and exercise of collaboration for future professionals and technicians who operate in the field of the design and construction of complex building systems.
keywords Collaborative Design, e-learning, knowledge bases, ontologies, multi-agent system
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id acadia08_072
id acadia08_072
authors Frumar, Jerome
year 2008
title An Energy Centric Approach to Architecture: Abstracting the material to co-rationalize design and performance
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 72-81
summary This paper begins by exploring matter as an aggregated system of energy transactions and modulations. With this in mind, it examines the notion of energy driven form finding as a design methodology that can simultaneously negotiate physical, environmental and fabrication considerations. The digital workspace enables this notion of form finding to re-establish itself in the world of architecture through a range of analytic tools that algorithmically encode real world physics. Simulating the spatial and energetic characteristics of reality enables virtual “form generation models that recognize the laws of physics and are able to create ‘minimum’ surfaces for compression, bending [and] tension” (Cook 2004). The language of energy, common in engineering and materials science, enables a renewed trans-disciplinary dialogue that addresses significant historic disjunctions such as the professional divide between architects and engineers. Design becomes a science of exploring abstracted energy states to discover a suitable resonance with which to tune the built environment. ¶ A case study of one particular method of energy driven form finding is presented. Bi-directional Evolutionary Structural Optimization (BESO) is a generative engineering technique developed at RMIT University. It appropriates natural growth strategies to determine optimum forms that respond to structural criteria by reorganizing their topology. This dynamic topology response enables structural optimization to become an integrated component of design exploration. A sequence of investigations illustrates the flexibility and trans-disciplinary benefits of this approach. Using BESO as a tool for design rather than purely for structural optimization fuses the creative approach of the architect with the pragmatic approach of the engineer, enabling outcomes that neither profession could develop in isolation. The BESO case study alludes to future design processes that will facilitate a coherent unfolding of design logic comparable to morphogenesis.
keywords Energy; Form-Finding; Morphogenesis; Optimization; Structure
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id caadria2008_38_session4a_309
id caadria2008_38_session4a_309
authors Gero, John S; Nick Kelly
year 2008
title How can CAAD tools be more useful at the early stages of designing?: Towards Situated Agents That Interpret
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 309-316
summary This paper describes how designers can be supported in the early stages of designing through more flexible representations. It presents situated agency as a means to address this problem. Interpretation is a necessary process to give meaning to data before creating a representation. A framework for situated interpretation agents is outlined, with a focus on push-pull and the process of situation. An example for creating a CAAD representation from a raster image is used to illustrate this framework. This research lays a foundation for further work on situated interpretation agents.
keywords CAAD; interpretation; situated agents; design; representation
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id cdc2008_007
id cdc2008_007
authors Giddings, Bob and Margaret Horne
year 2008
title The Changing Patterns of Architectural Design Education in the UK
source First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? - 18-19 April 2008, Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge (USA), pp. 7-16
summary Digital technologies have been introduced to students of architecture for over two decades and at present it could be argued that students are producing some of the highest quality designs, and some of the most interesting forms ever to come from University Schools. The value of computer aided design (CAD) is also being demonstrated in architectural practice, with high profile, large budget, bespoke and iconic buildings designed by internationally renowned architects. This paper reviews the changing patterns of architectural design education and considers the contribution digital technologies could make to buildings with more commonplace uses. The study offers a perspective on different kinds of buildings and considers the influence that emerging technologies are having on building form. It outlines digital technologies, alongside students’ application for architectural design and considers the role they could play in the future, in developing a shared architectural language. It is suggested that some of the biggest opportunities for future research will be in the design of external spaces, often a neglected part of architectural design education.
last changed 2009/01/07 07:05

_id sigradi2008_089
id sigradi2008_089
authors Godoi,Giovana; Gabriela Celani
year 2008
title A study about facades from historical brazilian town using shape grammar
source SIGraDi 2008 - [Proceedings of the 12th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] La Habana - Cuba 1-5 December 2008
summary Shape grammars have been used in architecture for analysis and synthesis - in the first case, mainly for the characterization of styles and in the later for the generation of novel compositions. The present research proposes the use of shape grammars for establishing guidelines for the requalification of historical areas that have lost their original characteristics due to improper renovations. The use of shape grammars proposed here starts with the definition of a set of rules for characterizing the original style of an area. Based on these rules, the main characteristics of the area are confirmed, such as siting, proportions between walls and openings in the façades, overall dimensions constraints, and so on. Next, the rules of the grammar are transformed, to allow the use of contemporary building materials, as well as the incorporation of contemporary living styles in the new design. Rules must take into account two cases: original buildings that have been inadequately transformed, and buildings that have been completely torn down and will replace been completely replaced by new constructions. Both cases need to be harmonious with the remaining original buildings, however without simply copying the existing style. In both cases, rules have been used to establish the guidelines for the renovations, which resulted in modern urban environments that resemble the original historical sites in terms of spatial relations and proportions. They also create an appropriate environment for the observations of the preserved original buildings, which would otherwise look like aliens in a completely transformed neighborhood. The latter case is very common in most Brazilian cities, especially in the case of São Paulo, where houses from the late 1800´s and early 1900´s are flanked by high rise apartment buildings. In order to develop and test the proposed method, a study will be carried out in a small Brazilian town called Monte Alegre do Sul. The town was chosen because its original urban morphology, developed in the XIXth century, is still relatively well preserved, although part of the original façades have been transformed. The objective of the research is to develop a shape grammar to set guidelines for the re-adaptation of the already renovated façades and reconstruction of other ones in Monte Alegre do Sul.
keywords Shape grammar, generative design systems
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id sigradi2009_805
id sigradi2009_805
authors Gonçalves Costa, Luís Gustavo; Arivaldo Leão de Amorim
year 2009
title Geração de Ortofotos para Produção de Mapas de Danos [Ortophoto creation for damage map production ]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The present work integrates the ongoing Master Degree Research Project entitled "Damage Map Representation and Pathology Database (Cronidas) Creation". This paper aims to discuss the search for alternatives in the development of a map of damages to be applied on historical buildings in order to assist preservation and restoration projects. Orthophotos of the facades and of the internal walls of buildings will be produced; once generated, these images are vectorized and transformed in drawings which represent the pathologies, in other words, the damage map. The research the following softwares: PhotoModeler®Pro5 for the generation of the orthophotos, Photoshop®CS3 for image treatment, and AutoCAD®2008 for tracing the relevant areas.
keywords damage map; conservation and restoration project; ortophoto; vectorization; building pathologies
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id 82b1
id 82b1
authors Greenwood D, Horne M, Thompson E M, Allwood C M, Wernemyr C, Westerdahl B.
year 2008
title Strategic Perspectives of the Use of Virtual Reality within the Building Industries of Four Countries.
source International Journal of Architectural Engineering and Design Management
summary This paper presents results from the first stage of an analysis of the use of virtual reality (VR) within the building industries of strategically selected countries, namely, China, Sweden, the UK and the US. The aims of the research are to assess VR usage and its benefits within the building industries of these countries and to identify perceived barriers to VR usage and ways of overcoming them. The countries selected offer a range of experience in the adoption of VR technologies and the paper provides an initial analysis of developments at an international level. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with senior professionals from each of six leading construction companies within each country. The findings included the rationale for the adoption of VR and the barriers to doing so, as well as some divergence between the respondents in their working definition of what visualization and, specifically, VR actually represents.
keywords Building industry; implementation strategy;international perspectives; interview survey; virtual reality
series other
type normal paper
last changed 2008/11/26 15:54

_id acadia08_208
id acadia08_208
authors Griffiths, Jason
year 2008
title Man + Water + Fan = Freshman: Natural Process of Evaporative Cooling and the Digital Fabrication of the ASU Outdoor Dining Pavilion
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 208-213
summary To the east of Johnson City TX is the Lyndon B. Johnson’s family home. Part of the Johnson Estate2 is given over to a working farm circa 1870 that presents various aspects of domestic practice from the era. This includes a desert fridge which is a simple four-legged structure with a slightly battered profile that’s draped in calico. Its principle is simple; water from an upturned jar is drawn by osmosis down the sides of the calico where it evaporates in wind currents drawn though a “dog run” between two log cabins. Cooled air circulates within the structure and where cheese and milk are kept fresh during the summer. The desert fridge is a simple system that reaches a state of equilibrium through the natural process of evaporation. ¶ This system provides a working model for a prototype structure for an outdoor dining pavilion that was designed and constructed on the campus of Arizona State University. The desert fridge is the basis for a “biological process”3 of evaporative cooling that has been interpreted in terms a ritual of outdoor dining in arid climates. The pavilion is intended as a gathering point and a place of interaction for ASU freshmen. The long-term aim of this project is to provide a multiple of these pavilions across the campus that will be the locus of a sequence of dining events over a “dining season”4 during the fall and spring semester. ; This paper describes how the desert fridge principle has been interpreted in the program and construction of the dining pavilion. It explores a sequence of levels by which the structure, via digital production process, provides an educational narrative on sustainability. This communicative quality is portrayed by the building in direct biological terms, through tacit knowledge, perceived phenomena, lexical and mechanical systems. The paper also describes how these digital production process were used in the building’s design and fabrication. These range from an empirical prognosis of evaporative cooling effects, fluid dynamics, heat mapping and solar radiation analysis through to sheet steel laser cutting, folded plate construction and fully associative variable models of standard steel construction. The aim of the pavilion is to create an environment that presents the evaporative cooling message at a multiple of levels that will concentrate the visitor in holistic understanding of the processes imbued within the building.5
keywords Communication; Digital Fabrication; Environment; System
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id caadria2008_73_session7a_601
id caadria2008_73_session7a_601
authors Gu, Ning; Jerry Jen-Hung Tsai
year 2008
title An Interactive Graphical System for Collaborative Architectural Design in 3D Virtual Environments
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 601-608
summary This paper presents the development of an interactive graphical system applicable to collaborative architectural design in 3D virtual environments and its preliminary application for a building design project. This interactive graphical system integrates the spatial system and the stylistic system and specialises in styles representation and exploration in architectural design.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2008/05/06 11:22

_id ddss2008-30
id ddss2008-30
authors Hemmerling, Marco
year 2008
title Digital MaterialPerception, Interaction and Immersion in Virtual Environments
source H.J.P. Timmermans, B. de Vries (eds.) 2008, Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, ISBN 978-90-6814-173-3, University of Technology Eindhoven, published on CD
summary This paper outlines two major aspects of virtual environments for architectural design. On the one hand it focusses on how to use virtual reality as an extended tool to generate spatial design by building up and interacting with a three-dimensional digital model. On the other hand it describes - based on a case study - the relation between perception, interaction and immersion in virtual environments. Both approaches can be interconnected to a continues design process, that allows the designer to create, manipulate, visualize and decide on spatial concepts in a holistic three-dimensional simulation.
keywords Virtual Environment, Digital Architecture, Immersion, Perception, Human-Computer Interaction
series DDSS
last changed 2008/09/01 15:06

_id ecaade2008_079
id ecaade2008_079
authors Hemmerling, Marco; Knaack, Ulrich; Schulz, Jens-Uwe
year 2008
title Complexity in Digital Architectural Design
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 85-90
summary The association of complexity and geometry was the starting point for an academic project at the chair of Computer Aided Design in Detmold. The students were asked to analyze a complex structure - taken from nature, art, technology or society - regarding the underlying geometrical rules and principles. The translation of these abstract geometric principles (logarithmic spiral, polyhedron, rotational solids, mesh-work, double helix…) into a three-dimensional structure was then realized in Rhinoceros. The 3D-modeling was followed by a transformation- and optimization-process of the initial shape by using the evolutionary principles of mutation and selection. The set-up for these variations followed predefined rules and principles for the manipulation of the original structure.
keywords Geometry, Complexity, Computer Aided Design, Architecture
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id ecaade2008_163
id ecaade2008_163
authors Hemmerling, Marco; Lemberski, David
year 2008
title Anaglyph Representation as Medium for Spatial Design
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 209-214
summary The paper discusses the use and possible applications of stereoscopic projection and anaglyph representation for the design-process and visualization of architectural spaces and three-dimensional objects. As the topic of stereoscopic vision is quiet broad and has a long tradition in various fields (photography, art, virtual reality) the paper focuses on the implementation of anaglyph representation in 3D-Modeling-Software as a tool to support spatial perception within the design process. Against this background and based on a test-series with 113 students the benefits and conditions of spatial perception, vision and sense using anaglyph representation are examined.
keywords stereoscopic vision, spatial perception, anaglyph representation
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

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