CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2008_115
id ecaade2008_115
authors Bernal, Marcelo; Yi-Luen Do, Ellen
year 2008
title Variation from Repetition
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 791-798
summary Making double curvature surfaces in architectural design is nontrivial and presents many challenges. Design and fabrication of these complex shapes requires systematic approaches. Most current design and fabrication processes distribute adaptable patterns over modulated variable surfaces. But to produce variation with this method means many machining hours and a budget that a conventional architectural project cannot afford. An alternative method to achieve such complex shapes would be to overlap identical elements on a grid. This paper presents an approach to fabricate such complex surfaces from the repetition of a series of identical elements.
keywords Double curvature, adaptability: automation, digital fabrication
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id acadia08_308
id acadia08_308
authors Berrier, Seth; Gary Meyer; Clement Shimizu
year 2008
title Creating Metallic Color Sequences for an Architectural Wall
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 308-315
summary A metallic paint scheme for an architectural wall is created using computer aided color appearance design techniques. New computer graphic hardware that allows real-time rendering of complex reflectance functions is employed to produce photo-realistic images of the metallic paint applied to the surface of the wall. An interpolation scheme is developed that permits one and two dimensional metallic shade sequences to be determined between individual bricks in a single row of the wall and between the complete rows of bricks that compose the wall. Paint formulation software, originally developed for auto refinish applications, is used to determine the paint mixtures necessary to realize the metallic colors in the design. A prototype of the wall is constructed and exhibited in a museum gallery.
keywords Color; Design; Environment; Perception; System
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id acadia08_238
id acadia08_238
authors Besserud, Keith; Joshua Cotten
year 2008
title Architectural Genomics
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 238-245
summary This paper provides an introduction to the concept of genetic algorithms and a sampling of how they are being explored as an optimization strategy for some of the building projects in the BlackBox studio at Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill.
keywords Algorithm; Environment; Evolution; Genetic; Simulation
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id caadria2008_16_session2a_132
id caadria2008_16_session2a_132
authors Bhatt, Anand
year 2008
title Modeling conventional Architectural Processes: Maintaining knowledge created by institutions situated in a historic context
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 132-142
summary In this paper we present a knowledge representation infrastructure that is being tested in collaboration with several institutions. This infrastructure is designed to map the structure of institutions dealing in Architecture and related disciplines, their interrelationships, and knowledge constructed by institutionalized processes in a given historical context.
keywords Knowledge Acquisition, Modelling, Knowledge Storage, Inferencing, Portals
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2008_159
id ecaade2008_159
authors Bhatt, Anand; Kishore, AVV
year 2008
title Studying Corpus Changes in CumInCAD
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 855-860
summary We discuss several experiments conducted with the Corpus of CAAD research, where we focus on the change in the CAAD Ontology. These experiments are representative of the investigations which could be conducted through an ontology driven, online application designed to allow the research community investigate the nature, structure and evolution of our discipline.
keywords Knowledge Modelling, Modelling View, Semantics and Change, CAAD Ontology, Representation
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id caadria2008_41_session4b_335
id caadria2008_41_session4b_335
authors Biao, Li; Li Rong, Xue Kai, Liu Chang, Gao Qin
year 2008
title A Generative Tool Base on Multi-Agent System: Algorithm of “HighFAR” and Its Computer Programming
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 335-342
summary Utilizing the principle of multi-agent system by computer programming, the paper presents achievement of an architectural generative design tool which implements intelligent architecture design with the focus of the layout in Asian high density “Floor Area Ratio” (FAR). Applying with the software, architects can get a high density FAR planning design in several minutes. From macroscopic position of building agents in geography to encode the agents by computer programming, the paper expounds the process of the generative tool and its mathematics algorithms.
keywords Multi-agent system, FAR, genetic algorithm, generator
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2008_051
id ecaade2008_051
authors Biao, Li; Rong, Li
year 2008
title Teaching of Generative Design and Its Profound Influence
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 77-84
summary The paper presents the teaching process inducting students who knew little about computer programming and concept of generative design originally into theoretically comprehend and ability of computer programming researcher of generative design. Meanwhile, some tools based on principle of ‘Complex Adaptive Systems’ are introduced in the paper.
keywords Complex Adaptive System, generative design
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id acadia08_152
id acadia08_152
authors Biloria, Nimish
year 2008
title Morphogenomic Urban and Architectural Systems: An Investigation into Informatics Oriented Evolution of Form: The Case of the A2 Highway
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 152-157
summary This research paper exemplifies upon a novel information integrated generative design method: Morphogenomics, being experimented with at Hyperbody, TU Delft. Morphogenomics, a relatively new research area, which deals with the intricacies of morphological informatics. This paper furthermore discusses an ongoing Morphogenmoics oriented design-research case: the development of a Distributed Network-city along the A2 highway, Netherlands. The A2 highway, development is a live project seeking urban development on either side of this busy highway. Hyperbody, during the course of this research initiative developed a series of real-time interactive computational tools focusing upon the collaborative contextual generation of a performative urban and architectural morphology for the A2 highway. This research paper elaborates upon these computational techniques based Morphogenomic approach and its resultant outcomes.
keywords Computation; Evolution; Flocking; Information; Morphogenesis
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id ecaade2008_024
id ecaade2008_024
authors Boeykens, Stefan; Neuckermans, Herman
year 2008
title Representational Limitations and Improvements in Building Information Modeling
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 35-42
summary This paper discusses advantages and limitations of different representation types, illustrated with examples from current commercial Building Information Modeling applications. There is still a potential benefit in more thoroughly adapting additional representations to access and manage project data.The paper presents arguments to adapt a hybrid approach, where multiple representations should form a series of interfaces to interact with a building model. Inspiration is derived from software applications not associated with Building Information Modeling.
keywords BIM, Representation, Design Software, Digital Building Model
series eCAADe
email, herman.neuckermans@asro.kuleuven
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id acadia08_364
id acadia08_364
authors Bonwetsch, Tobias; Ralph Baertschi ;Silvan Oesterle
year 2008
title Adding Performance Criteria to Digital Fabrication: Room-Acoustical Information of Diffuse Respondent Panels
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 364-369
summary In this research project we explore the defined design and application of digitally fabricated wall panels for room-acoustical architectural interventions. In Particular, we investigate the room-acoustical criteria applying to everyday used spaces. We present a digital design and fabrication process developed to create non-standardised panels and two case studies which apply this process on the acoustical improvement of a specific room situation. Our aim is to find correlations between digitally fabricated surface structures and sound- aesthetical characteristics, in order to utilise these for the architectural design.
keywords Acoustics; Digital Fabrication; Evaluation; Material; Robotics
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id ecaade2008_186
id ecaade2008_186
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 2008
title Low Tech Approach to 3D Urban Modeling
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 959-964
summary Over the last decade various examples of urban 3D models have been created employing various techniques for data collection and model building. The problems faced are well documented, issues of accuracy, complexity and utility of the models has also been addressed. This paper presents a low tech approach to accurate city modeling focusing on engineering applications, browsing/experiencing applications as well as multi-layering time based analyses, historical info overlaying for use in interactive real time applications (museum exhibitions, research projects for behavioral patterns of users in 3D urban environments, marketing, tourism, etc). The pros and cons of the proposed methodology are analyzed and ways forward suggested.
keywords Urban modeling, photogrammetric techniques, 3D modeling
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id acadia11_242
id acadia11_242
authors Braumann, Johannes; Brell-Cokcan, Sigrid
year 2011
title Parametric Robot Control: Integrated CAD/CAM for Architectural Design
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 242-251
summary Robots are gaining popularity in architecture. Snøhetta has recently purchased their own industrial robot, becoming one of the first architectural offices to adopt robot technology. As more and more architects are exposed to robotic fabrication, the need for easy interoperability, integration into architectural design tools and general accessibility will increase. Architects are discovering that industrial robots are much more than kinematic machines for stacking bricks, welding or milling - they are highly multifunctional and can be used for a huge variety of tasks. However, industry standard software does not provide easy solutions for allowing direct robot control right from CAAD (Computer Aided Architectural Design) systems. In this paper we will discuss existing methods of programming industrial robots, published architectural results (Gramazio and Kohler 2008) and the design of a new user interface that allows intuitive control of parametric designs and customized robotic mass production, by integrating CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) functions into CAAD.
keywords robot programming; parametric design; mass customization; grasshopper component design; fabrication; robot milling; digital architecture
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id cdc2008_129
id cdc2008_129
authors Breen, Jack and Julian Breen
year 2008
title The Medium Is the Matter: Critical Observations and Strategic Perspectives at Half-time
source First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? - 18-19 April 2008, Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge (USA), pp. 129-136
summary This paper critically re-views the professional impact and functionality of the pervasive digital ‘matter’ we have come to believe we can no longer do without. On the basis of a playful exploration of the first ‘half-century’ of our digital age, an attempt is made to draw new perspectives for the next ’level’ of our digital culture in a broader (multi)media perspective and more specifically: the domains of Architecture. To stimulate an open-minded ‘second-half’ debate, the paper puts forward some potentially promising (and hopefully provocative) conceptions and strategies for imaginative interface applications and game-based architectural study initiatives. Furthermore, the paper proposes the establishment of a new cultural platform for the exchange of Critical Digital hypotheses and the evolvement of visionary design concepts through creative digital innovation, with the (inter)active involvement of older and younger team-players…
last changed 2009/01/07 07:05

_id breen02_paper_eaea2007
id breen02_paper_eaea2007
authors Breen, Jack
year 2008
title Viewing Models in Architecture
source Proceedings of the 8th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference
summary If we wish to understand the workings of design interventions, it may be opportune to simulate their effects using specialised techniques, such as Endoscopy or Computer Aided Modes of representation. In such undertakings, the method of study will generally involve the active use of some sort of a model. Models of all sorts are used extensively throughout architectural design, research and education. How such a model is conceived and executed is closely linked to the function it is to serve. This may concern design driven exploration, testing or communication, to name but a few of the options.
series EAEA
last changed 2008/04/29 18:46

_id ecaade2008_005
id ecaade2008_005
authors Breen, Jack; Stellingwerff, Martijn
year 2008
title Capital A to Z
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 759-766
summary Throughout the history of architecture, the Capital – the intermediate between a column and the beam or surface it supports – has been a recurring feature in architectural composition and articulation. In this paper we describe results and findings from the Capital A to Z exercise within the Ornamatics Course from the TU-Delft MSc curriculum. We will show how this exercise combines various digital and physical processes for form finding and how further insights can come from the actual production of models and prototypes. Conclusions will be drawn regarding the integrated educational setup and regarding the influence of different methods and tools on the design process and the design results.
keywords Computer aided manufacturing and modelling, composition, prototyping, ornamatics, education-based research
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id sigradi2008_077
id sigradi2008_077
authors Briones, Carolina
year 2008
title A collaborative project experience in an architectural framework, working with Open Source applications and physical computing [Diseño de Plataformas Digitales e Interactivas: una experiencia educativa trabajando colaborativamente con aplicaciones de Código Abierto y Computación Física]
source SIGraDi 2008 - [Proceedings of the 12th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] La Habana - Cuba 1-5 December 2008
summary Nowadays, thanks to the telecommunication revolution and therefore the massive spread of Internet, we have seen the come up of international architectural offices with branches located in different continent, working in a collaborative fashion, surpassing physical and time frontiers. At the same time, the multidisciplinary work between designers, architects, engineers, programmers and even biologist, between others, have been taking place in the new network society. All transformations also supported by the arising of FOSS (Free Open Source Software) and the virtual communities behind them, which allow the creation of non-traditional or specific software, the association between disciplines, and also, the formation of meeting scenarios for a mixture of individuals coming up with multiple motivation to coexist in collaborative environment. Furthermore, it is possible to argue that Open Source applications are also the reflection of a social movement, based on the open creation and exchange of information and knowledge. Do the appeared of FOSS compel us to re-think our working and teaching methods? Do they allow new modes of organizing and collaborating inside our architectural practices?. This paper would like to address these questions, by presenting the results of the “Experience Design” course, which by implementing teaching methods based on Open Source principles and cutting-edge tools, seeks to approach students to these new “way of do”, knowledge and methodologies, and overall, focus them on the science behind the computer. This paper describes the “Experience Design” course, in which architectural graduate students of Universidad Diego Portales (Chile), put for first time their hands on the creation of interactive interfaces. By acquiring basic knowledge of programming and physical computing, students built in a collaborative way a responsive physical installation. The course use as applications “Processing” and “Arduino”. The first one is an Open Source programming language and environment for users who want to program images, animation, and interactions. It has a visual context and serve as a software sketchbook and professional production tool. Processing is a project initiated by Ben Fry and Casey Reas, at the MIT Media Lab ( The second is an Open Source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. Arduino has a microcontroller (programmed with Processing language) which can sense the environment by receiving input from a variety of sensors and can affect its surroundings by controlling lights, motors, and other actuators ( Both environments shared a growing community of people working in related projects and extending useful assistance for beginners. In this paper it is presented the current state of the pilot course and some of the initials results collected during the process. Students and teacher’s debates and evaluations of the experience have been exposed. Together with a critical evaluation in relation to the accomplishment of the effort of place together different disciplines in one collaborative project akin, architecture, design, programming and electronic. Finally, futures modifications of the course are discussed, together with consideration to take in account at the moment of bring Open Source and programming culture into the student curriculum.
keywords Physical computing, teaching framework, Open Source, Interactive Installation
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ecaade2008_194
id ecaade2008_194
authors Brown, Andre; Winchester, Martin; Knight, Mike
year 2008
title Panoramic Architectural Art: Real-Digital Interaction as a Catalyst
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 751-756
summary This paper describes an integrated cross-disciplinary project in which digital technologies have been used as a vehicle to bring together material, educators and students from a variety of backgrounds. A significant piece of new art, commissioned for the Capital of Culture year (2008) in Liverpool, has been the centre-piece and catalyst for the project.
keywords Art: Interactive: Education
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id ddss2008-36
id ddss2008-36
authors Burger, J.; R.P. de Graaf, and G.J. Helmerhorst
year 2008
title Dynamic Actor Network Steering And ControlManaging Actor Networks In The Construction Process
source H.J.P. Timmermans, B. de Vries (eds.) 2008, Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, ISBN 978-90-6814-173-3, University of Technology Eindhoven, published on CD
keywords Multi-actor, network planning, critical path, linear programming
series DDSS
last changed 2008/09/01 15:06

_id caadria2010_031
id caadria2010_031
authors Burke, A.; B. Coorey, D. Hill and J. McDermott
year 2010
title Urban micro-informatics: a test case for high-resolution urban modelling through aggregating public information sources
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 327-336
summary Our contention is that the city is a rich collection of urban micro-ecologies in continuous formation that include information types outside the traditional boundaries of urban design, city planning, and architecture and their native data fields. This paper discusses working with non-standard urban data types of a highly granular nature, and the analytical possibilities and technical issues associated with their aggregation, through a post professional masters level research studio project run in 2008. Opportunities for novel urban analysis arising from this process are discussed in the context of typical urban planning and analysis systems and locative media practices. This research bought to light specific technical and conceptual issues arising from the combination of processes including sources of data, data collection methods, data formatting, aggregating and visualisation. The range and nature of publicly available information and its value in an urban analysis context is also explored, linking collective information sites such as Pachube, to local environmental analysis and sensor webs. These are discussed in this paper, toward determining the possibilities for novel understandings of the city from a user centric, real-time urban perspective.
keywords Urban; informatics; processing; ubicomp; visualisation
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id cdc2008_359
id cdc2008_359
authors Burke, Anthony
year 2008
title Reframing “intelligence” in computational design environments
source First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? - 18-19 April 2008, Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge (USA), pp. 359-366
summary This paper seeks to establish a set of principals that form an understanding of intelligent systems related to design and architecture, through a review of intelligence as it has been understood over the last 60 years since Alan Turing first asked the question “can machines think?”1 From this review, principals of intelligence can be identified within the neurophysiological and artificial intelligence (AI) communities that provide a foundation for understanding intelligence in computational architecture and design systems. Through critiquing these principals, it is possible to re-frame a productive general theory of intelligent systems that can be applied to specific design processes, while simultaneously distinguishing the goals of design oriented intelligent systems from those goals of general Artificial Intelligence research.
last changed 2009/01/07 07:05

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