CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id cdc2008_403
id cdc2008_403
authors Wie, Shaxin
year 2008
title Poetics of performative space
source First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? - 18-19 April 2008, Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge (USA), pp. 403-417
summary My project concerns subjectivation, performativity and embodiment, as inflected by notions of process and field. These questions were inspired by recent work in the margins of experimental performance, sound arts, computational media, and philosophy of process. They are informed by, and critically respond to Leibniz’s continuous substance, Whitehead’s “unbifurcated” process ontology, and Petitot’s approach to morphogenesis. Beginning with a concern with the materiality of writing, the project explores the ethico-aesthetics of touch and movement, and poetic architecture or installation events as sites for speculative action. The kind of events I describe, are collective, co-present, embodied, and a-linguistic. The potential for physical contact is a condition for the collective embodied experiences needed to conduct experimental phenomenology. Our events are designed for four or more participants, three to destabilize dyadic pairing, and lower the threshold to improvising being in that space, and a fourth for potential sociality. Having dissolved line between actor and spectator, we may adopt the disposition of an agent of change, or equally a witness of the event. Relinquishing also a categoreal fixation on objects in favor of continua, we inhabit ambient environments thick with media and matter that evolve in concert with movement or gesture.
last changed 2009/01/07 07:05

_id ecaade2008_157
id ecaade2008_157
authors Huang, Yinghsiu; Wang, Paoshu
year 2008
title The Comparisons of Interactive Demos and Cognitive Behaviors in the Virtual Environments for Representing 3D Artifacts
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 375-382
summary Digitization of three-dimensional sculptures is a well-developed technology for preserving antiquities. After digitizing they could be represented in various computerized spaces, virtually, such as in cyberspace, in virtual reality space, and in augmented reality…etc. However, contrary to physical demonstration of 3D sculptures in traditional museums or exhibitions, the virtual representation may lose some degrees of reality of sculptures or create various ways of interactions for viewing sculptures. In this research, there are three kinds of environments for re-presenting 3D sculptures: the physical reality (PA) in a space, virtual reality (VR) with a big screen, and augmented reality (AR) of Head-Mounted Display (HMD). By utilizing questionnaire to analyze users’ perceptions and requirements of viewing 3D sculptures, this research will compare several aspects, such as visualization, operational interactions, and psychological feelings in the experiment of three exhibition environments. Finally, based on the results from questionnaire, we attempt to propose a suitable environment for exhibiting the virtual 3D sculptures.
keywords Virtual exhibition, virtual reality, augmented reality, 3D digitalization, interaction in virtual world
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id ecaade2008_151
id ecaade2008_151
authors Barelkowski, Robert
year 2008
title Web-based Support for Social Participation and Education in Planning Procedures
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 823-828
summary The paper is intended to present the methodological structure of web-based mechanisms related to planning procedures, with particular focus on social participation. The tools provide a link between planners and local community members, allow the acquisition of different sets of data, provide detailed information on the environment and planned transformations, serve as a source of detailed information on the procedure, and last but not least play an educational role, which contributes greatly to the understanding of sustainability, cultural sensitivity, environmental issues, planning concerns on a wider scale. Web-related technology provides many opportunities to reach for a wider social participation and simultaneously to receive more representative feedback from the local community. The article will discuss in detail some results of the implementation of the Citizen project – a web-based platform supporting the social participation.
keywords Spatial planning, social participation, web-based tools, web-based participation, Citizen project
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id cf2011_p127
id cf2011_p127
authors Benros, Deborah; Granadeiro Vasco, Duarte Jose, Knight Terry
year 2011
title Integrated Design and Building System for the Provision of Customized Housing: the Case of Post-Earthquake Haiti
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 247-264.
summary The paper proposes integrated design and building systems for the provision of sustainable customized housing. It advances previous work by applying a methodology to generate these systems from vernacular precedents. The methodology is based on the use of shape grammars to derive and encode a contemporary system from the precedents. The combined set of rules can be applied to generate housing solutions tailored to specific user and site contexts. The provision of housing to shelter the population affected by the 2010 Haiti earthquake illustrates the application of the methodology. A computer implementation is currently under development in C# using the BIM platform provided by Revit. The world experiences a sharp increase in population and a strong urbanization process. These phenomena call for the development of effective means to solve the resulting housing deficit. The response of the informal sector to the problem, which relies mainly on handcrafted processes, has resulted in an increase of urban slums in many of the big cities, which lack sanitary and spatial conditions. The formal sector has produced monotonous environments based on the idea of mass production that one size fits all, which fails to meet individual and cultural needs. We propose an alternative approach in which mass customization is used to produce planed environments that possess qualities found in historical settlements. Mass customization, a new paradigm emerging due to the technological developments of the last decades, combines the economy of scale of mass production and the aesthetics and functional qualities of customization. Mass customization of housing is defined as the provision of houses that respond to the context in which they are built. The conceptual model for the mass customization of housing used departs from the idea of a housing type, which is the combined result of three systems (Habraken, 1988) -- spatial, building system, and stylistic -- and it includes a design system, a production system, and a computer system (Duarte, 2001). In previous work, this conceptual model was tested by developing a computer system for existing design and building systems (Benr__s and Duarte, 2009). The current work advances it by developing new and original design, building, and computer systems for a particular context. The urgent need to build fast in the aftermath of catastrophes quite often overrides any cultural concerns. As a result, the shelters provided in such circumstances are indistinct and impersonal. However, taking individual and cultural aspects into account might lead to a better identification of the population with their new environment, thereby minimizing the rupture caused in their lives. As the methodology to develop new housing systems is based on the idea of architectural precedents, choosing existing vernacular housing as a precedent permits the incorporation of cultural aspects and facilitates an identification of people with the new housing. In the Haiti case study, we chose as a precedent a housetype called “gingerbread houses”, which includes a wide range of houses from wealthy to very humble ones. Although the proposed design system was inspired by these houses, it was decided to adopt a contemporary take. The methodology to devise the new type was based on two ideas: precedents and transformations in design. In architecture, the use of precedents provides designers with typical solutions for particular problems and it constitutes a departing point for a new design. In our case, the precedent is an existing housetype. It has been shown (Duarte, 2001) that a particular housetype can be encoded by a shape grammar (Stiny, 1980) forming a design system. Studies in shape grammars have shown that the evolution of one style into another can be described as the transformation of one shape grammar into another (Knight, 1994). The used methodology departs takes off from these ideas and it comprises the following steps (Duarte, 2008): (1) Selection of precedents, (2) Derivation of an archetype; (3) Listing of rules; (4) Derivation of designs; (5) Cataloguing of solutions; (6) Derivation of tailored solution.
keywords Mass customization, Housing, Building system, Sustainable construction, Life cycle energy consumption, Shape grammar
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id caadria2008_9_session1b_075
id caadria2008_9_session1b_075
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen
year 2008
title Probing elders’ needs for smart technologies in the domestic environment
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 75-80
summary This paper presents an initial investigation into developing smart homes for the elderly. Smart homes refer to domestic living environments that equipped with “sensible” and “responsive” facilities, which employ smart technologies, to provide occupants a sound and comfortable living. Designers and sociologists have observed reluctances and even rejections to these technologies from the elderly. A Cultural Probes study shows that the elderly welcome new technologies but reject robotic companionships. In addition, a questionnaire survey concludes that smart technologies for home safety and security, energy conservation and usage monitoring, as well as health care and maintenance, are desirable.
keywords Smart home; the elderly; cultural probe; questionnaire; survey
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia08_174
id acadia08_174
authors Jaskiewicz, Tomasz
year 2008
title ‘iPortals’ as a Case Study Pre-Prototype of an Evolving Network of Interactive Spatial Components
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 174-181
summary The art and craft of design and creation of buildings is undergoing a radical paradigm shift. This shift is being driven by diverse novel cross-disciplinary technical possibilities, as well as by ongoing cultural transformations. They all, directly or indirectly, originate from omnipresent advancements in information technologies. Instant and ubiquitous availability of information and immediate access to computing power pervasively penetrating our lives is profoundly transforming our culture. This phenomenon has enormous implications for architecture in a multitude of ways1. ¶ Firstly, the speed of changes that occur in modern-day culture and society makes it inconvenient or even entirely impossible to design buildings with fixed and permanent functionalities. As lifestyle patterns, production methods and environmental conditions, to name a few factors only, may now dramatically change from one day to another, architecture has to become flexible. It has to allow dynamic, active, or even pro-active adaptation and customization of spaces on many levels of its functionality2. ¶ Secondly, these profound cultural changes are not only of technical relevance. In its process-driven character, information technology strongly mandates the already widely recognized ontology of becoming, proclaimed by the prominent minds of contemporary philosophy and science. This process-oriented worldview, supported by latest technological possibilities3, has caused a radical change in the common sense of the manner in which architecture has to be understood and dealt with4. As an effect, it requires an in-depth reconsideration of the nature of processes of both creation and participation in spatial environments.
keywords Environment; Interactive; Open Systems; Prototype; Skin
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id ecaade2008_088
id ecaade2008_088
authors Reffat, Rabee M.
year 2008
title Investigating Patterns of Contemporary Architecture using Data Mining Techniques
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 601-608
summary This paper addresses the utilization of Data Mining as an advanced technique of information technologies to investigate and identify the patterns of architectural features of contemporary architecture in Saudi Arabia in two suggested building types: houses and commercial office buildings. Such patterns will help in developing a model of patterns of architectural features that can be utilized to augment the architectural context of Saudi Arabia. The paper presents a constructed framework that provides a comprehensive analysis of recognition criteria for identifying each architectural feature of the nominated set of nine features. These architectural features include: spatial relationships, space allocation, circulation, building form, façade treatment, building structure, external finishes, environmental aspects, and cultural features. The recognition criteria for these architectural features are expressed in the attribute-value format. Such criteria are extracted for houses and commercial office buildings specifically within the context of Saudi contemporary architecture based on extensive case analysis that represents the diversity of architectural designs of houses and commercial office buildings. The paper also, introduces a process model of applying Data Mining for investigating patterns of contemporary architecture.
keywords Architectural Patterns, Data Mining, Architectural Features
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id acadia08_020
id acadia08_020
authors Weinstock, Michael
year 2008
title Nature And The Cultural Evolution Of Architectural Forms
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 20-25
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id barchugova02_paper_eaea2007
id barchugova02_paper_eaea2007
authors Barchugova, Helena; Nataliya Rochegova
year 2008
title Visualization and Animation in the Study of Ivan Leonidov's Creative Heritage
source Proceedings of the 8th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference
summary The investigation was made by the example of the park stairway in "Narkomtyazhprom" sanatorium in Kislovodsk. The results of this investigation are presented in the form of a film combining video materials of the real object with animated images that demonstrate methods of dynamic formation in design practice of Ivan Leonidov.
keywords visualization, animation, design philosophy of Leonidov, dynamic form creation.
series EAEA
last changed 2008/04/29 18:46

_id cf2011_p109
id cf2011_p109
authors Abdelmohsen, Sherif; Lee Jinkook, Eastman Chuck
year 2011
title Automated Cost Analysis of Concept Design BIM Models
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 403-418.
summary AUTOMATED COST ANALYSIS OF CONCEPT DESIGN BIM MODELS Interoperability: BIM models and cost models This paper introduces the automated cost analysis developed for the General Services Administration (GSA) and the analysis results of a case study involving a concept design courthouse BIM model. The purpose of this study is to investigate interoperability issues related to integrating design and analysis tools; specifically BIM models and cost models. Previous efforts to generate cost estimates from BIM models have focused on developing two necessary but disjoint processes: 1) extracting accurate quantity take off data from BIM models, and 2) manipulating cost analysis results to provide informative feedback. Some recent efforts involve developing detailed definitions, enhanced IFC-based formats and in-house standards for assemblies that encompass building models (e.g. US Corps of Engineers). Some commercial applications enhance the level of detail associated to BIM objects with assembly descriptions to produce lightweight BIM models that can be used by different applications for various purposes (e.g. Autodesk for design review, Navisworks for scheduling, Innovaya for visual estimating, etc.). This study suggests the integration of design and analysis tools by means of managing all building data in one shared repository accessible to multiple domains in the AEC industry (Eastman, 1999; Eastman et al., 2008; authors, 2010). Our approach aims at providing an integrated platform that incorporates a quantity take off extraction method from IFC models, a cost analysis model, and a comprehensive cost reporting scheme, using the Solibri Model Checker (SMC) development environment. Approach As part of the effort to improve the performance of federal buildings, GSA evaluates concept design alternatives based on their compliance with specific requirements, including cost analysis. Two basic challenges emerge in the process of automating cost analysis for BIM models: 1) At this early concept design stage, only minimal information is available to produce a reliable analysis, such as space names and areas, and building gross area, 2) design alternatives share a lot of programmatic requirements such as location, functional spaces and other data. It is thus crucial to integrate other factors that contribute to substantial cost differences such as perimeter, and exterior wall and roof areas. These are extracted from BIM models using IFC data and input through XML into the Parametric Cost Engineering System (PACES, 2010) software to generate cost analysis reports. PACES uses this limited dataset at a conceptual stage and RSMeans (2010) data to infer cost assemblies at different levels of detail. Functionalities Cost model import module The cost model import module has three main functionalities: generating the input dataset necessary for the cost model, performing a semantic mapping between building type specific names and name aggregation structures in PACES known as functional space areas (FSAs), and managing cost data external to the BIM model, such as location and construction duration. The module computes building data such as footprint, gross area, perimeter, external wall and roof area and building space areas. This data is generated through SMC in the form of an XML file and imported into PACES. Reporting module The reporting module uses the cost report generated by PACES to develop a comprehensive report in the form of an excel spreadsheet. This report consists of a systems-elemental estimate that shows the main systems of the building in terms of UniFormat categories, escalation, markups, overhead and conditions, a UniFormat Level III report, and a cost breakdown that provides a summary of material, equipment, labor and total costs. Building parameters are integrated in the report to provide insight on the variations among design alternatives.
keywords building information modeling, interoperability, cost analysis, IFC
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id ecaade2009_123
id ecaade2009_123
authors Achten, Henri; Beetz, Jakob
year 2009
title What Happened to Collaborative Design?
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 357-366
summary In this paper we present the results of a comprehensive literature survey on the development of collaborative design. We reviewed 324 papers on collaborative design, taken from various sources (conferences, journals, and PhD-theses). We grouped the papers based on common themes, and in that way derived a classification of themes through the last 25 years (1983-2008). Each category is described, its development, and key publications are identified.
wos WOS:000334282200043
keywords Collaborative design
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia08_066
id acadia08_066
authors Ahlquist, Sean; Moritz Fleischmann
year 2008
title Material & Space: Synthesis Strategies based on Evolutionary Developmental Biology
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 66-71
summary A material system can be defined as a set of self-organized materials, defining a certain spatial arrangement. In architecture, this material arrangement acts as a threshold for space, though space often only appears as a by-product of the material organization. Treating space as a resulting, therefore secondary, independent product minimizes the capacity to generate architecture that is astutely aware of concerns of functionality, environment and energy. An effective arrangement of material can only be determined in relation to the spaces that it defines. When proposing a more critical approach, a material system can be seen as an intimate inter-connection and reciprocal exchange between the material construct and the spatial conditions. It is necessary to re-define material system as a system that coevolves spatial and material configurations through analysis of the resultant whole, in a process of integration and evaluation. ¶ With this understanding of material system comes an expansion in the number of criteria that are simultaneously engaged in the evolution of the design. The material characteristics, as well as the spatial components and forces (external and internal), are pressures onto the arrangement of material and space. ¶ This brings a high degree of complexity to the process. Biological systems are built on methods that resolve complex interactions through sets of simple yet extensible rules. Evolutionary Developmental Biology explains how growth is an interconnected process of external forces registering fitness into a fixed catalogue of morphological genetic tools. Translating the specific framework for biological growth into computational processes, allows the pursuit of an architecture that is fully informed by the interaction of space and material.
keywords Biology; Computation; Material; Parametric; System
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id caadria2008_27_session3b_221
id caadria2008_27_session3b_221
authors Al-Haddad, Tristan
year 2008
title Parametric modulations in Masonry
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 221-228
summary The focus of the research presented in this paper asks how a designer can create a flexible system of physical making which can accommodate multiple programmatic functions within a smooth whole, rather than creating an a priori singular formal object. This adaptable system of construction works through the development of an intelligent CAD model that can be mapped to a flexible manufacturing mechanism, i.e. a reconfigurable mold. This system of manufacturing can be used to cast totally unique solid modules without creating a unique mold for each part by manipulating the topological structure of the system. This approach takes the notion of mass-customization beyond the expensive and unsustainable one-offs that the design world has seen recently, and into a new paradigm of a sustainable, economically viable world of mass-customizable form and space.
keywords Parametrics, Variability, Reconfigurability, UHPC, Topology, Molding, Casting
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia08_448
id acadia08_448
authors Alfaris, Anas; Riccardo Merello
year 2008
title The Generative Multi-Performance Design System
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 448-457
summary This paper proposes a framework for an integrated computational design system. This design system builds on the strengths inherent in both generative synthesis models and multi-performance analysis and optimization. Four main design mechanisms and their mathematical models are discussed and their integration proposed. The process of building the design system begins by a top-down decomposition of a design concept. The different disciplines involved are decomposed into modules that simulate the respective design mechanisms. Subsequently through a bottom-up approach, the design modules are connected into a data flow network that includes clusters and subsystems. This network forms the Generative Multi-Performance Design System. This integrated system acts as a holistic structured functional unit that searches the design space for satisfactory solutions. The proposed design system is domain independent. Its potential will be demonstrated through a pilot project in which a multi-performance space planning problem is considered. The results are then discussed and analyzed.
keywords Analysis; Behavior; Generative; Optimization; Performance
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2009/02/26 07:47

_id caadria2008_49_session5a_399
id caadria2008_49_session5a_399
authors Anuradha, V.; Minal Sabnis, Vennila Thirumavalavn
year 2008
title Voronoi diagram Voro [Schemata]: Application of interactive weighted voronoi diagrams as an alternate master-planning framework for business parks.
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 399-408
summary This paper explores the application of Interactive Weighted Voronoi diagrams in business park master plans through site specific testing, derivation of zoning parameters and creation of an applet.
keywords Weighted Voronoi diagrams, 3D Voronoi grids, Alternative Planning frameworks for architectural design
series CAADRIA
email, {archi.minal, vennila}
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia08_102
id acadia08_102
authors Beaman, Michael
year 2008
title Bio-complexity: Instructing with Relational Generatives
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 102-109
summary This paper will discuss the use of complex systems in analyzing biological precedence of self-organizing, self-stabilizing and emergent phenomenon. The use of complex biological systems will be used to define relational models that avoid issues of scale. Scalability (the ability to traverse scales) will be presented as a relational construct through the use of scope, not scale. The analysis of biological formation and organization as a relational model defined by scope will be presented as a generative in forming design strategies and solutions and will be illustrated in four undergraduate-level architecture studio projects.
keywords Complexity; Generative; Scripting; Self-Organization; Simulation
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id ecaade2008_159
id ecaade2008_159
authors Bhatt, Anand; Kishore, AVV
year 2008
title Studying Corpus Changes in CumInCAD
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 855-860
summary We discuss several experiments conducted with the Corpus of CAAD research, where we focus on the change in the CAAD Ontology. These experiments are representative of the investigations which could be conducted through an ontology driven, online application designed to allow the research community investigate the nature, structure and evolution of our discipline.
keywords Knowledge Modelling, Modelling View, Semantics and Change, CAAD Ontology, Representation
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id caadria2008_5_session1a_042
id caadria2008_5_session1a_042
authors Chen, Chiung-Hui
year 2008
title The design of an interactive scenario-based agent simulator for supporting the early stages of urban design
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 42-48
summary Recently, urban planning has largely placed the user at street as the centre of infrastructural design, with significant implications for the perceived attractiveness of user environments. The urban designers faced with the task of designing such spaces, needs a tool that will allow different designs to be compared in terms of their attractiveness as well as their effectiveness. Therefore, this paper applies the selective attention theory and establishes a pedestrian behavior model that embeds the behavior-based rules and attributes of an agent. We call this simulation platform to be an agent-based street simulator (ABSS). Through experiments and verifications on cases of real-life urban streets, the system and its applications, and major findings are reported.
keywords attention theory; street design; agent; behavior; pedestrian
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2008_023
id ecaade2008_023
authors Ciblac, Thierry
year 2008
title Structure Computation Tools in Architectural Design
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 275-282
summary Structure computation can be carried out in the very early steps of architectural design thanks to the generalization of the use of computers. So, architects can be interested by specific computing tools dedicated to mechanical simulations in design process, especially using interactivity. Researches on these kinds of tools are developed by the ARIAM-LAREA team in the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Paris La Villette, using graphic statics with a dynamic geometry software, finite element method and tensile structure software. The specificities of such tools are presented through historical examples and students projects.
keywords Design, simulation, dynamic geometry, graphic statics, Finite Element Method
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id ddss2008-05
id ddss2008-05
authors De Vries, Bauke; Yuzhong Lin and Joran Jessurun
year 2008
title Sense-of-the-City
source H.J.P. Timmermans, B. de Vries (eds.) 2008, Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, ISBN 978-90-6814-173-3, University of Technology Eindhoven, published on CD
summary Sense-of-the-City was a project that was executed in the city centre of Eindhoven using mobile phones with GPS. Ten persons carried this equipment during the working day for a period of one week. While carrying their route was traced and projected on a map that could be viewed on the internet. The citizens were asked to pictures of places of interest. These pictures are uploaded to the server and attached to the route. Later on text can be added to each picture through the website. All participants showed a high level of engagement in the project. Although the logbooks of the routes that were created on the web provided very personal insights, it was very hard to draw conclusions from these data.
keywords Location Based Systems, Neighbourhood planning, Citizen engagement
series DDSS
last changed 2008/09/01 15:06

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