CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id cdc2008_243
id cdc2008_243
authors Loukissas, Yanni
year 2008
title Keepers of the Geometry: Architects in a Culture of Simulation
source First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? - 18-19 April 2008, Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge (USA), pp. 243-244
summary “Why do we have to change? We’ve been building buildings for years without CATIA?” Roger Norfleet, a practicing architect in his thirties poses this question to Tim Quix, a generation older and an expert in CATIA, a computer-aided design tool developed by Dassault Systemes in the early 1980’s for use by aerospace engineers. It is 2005 and CATIA has just come into use at Paul Morris Associates, the thirty-person architecture firm where Norfleet works; he is struggling with what it will mean for him, for his firm, for his profession. Computer-aided design is about creativity, but also about jurisdiction, about who controls the design process. In Architecture: The Story of Practice, Architectural theorist Dana Cuff writes that each generation of architects is educated to understand what constitutes a creative act and who in the system of their profession is empowered to use it and at what time. Creativity is socially constructed and Norfleet is coming of age as an architect in a time of technological but also social transition. He must come to terms with the increasingly complex computeraided design tools that have changed both creativity and the rules by which it can operate. In today’s practices, architects use computer-aided design software to produce threedimensional geometric models. Sometimes they use off-the-shelf commercial software like CATIA, sometimes they customize this software through plug-ins and macros, sometimes they work with software that they have themselves programmed. And yet, conforming to Larson’s ideas that they claim the higher ground by identifying with art and not with science, contemporary architects do not often use the term “simulation.” Rather, they have held onto traditional terms such as “modeling” to describe the buzz of new activity with digital technology. But whether or not they use the term, simulation is creating new architectural identities and transforming relationships among a range of design collaborators: masters and apprentices, students and teachers, technical experts and virtuoso programmers. These days, constructing an identity as an architect requires that one define oneself in relation to simulation. Case studies, primarily from two architectural firms, illustrate the transformation of traditional relationships, in particular that of master and apprentice, and the emergence of new roles, including a new professional identity, “keeper of the geometry,” defined by the fusion of person and machine. Like any profession, architecture may be seen as a system in flux. However, with their new roles and relationships, architects are learning that the fight for professional jurisdiction is increasingly for jurisdiction over simulation. Computer-aided design is changing professional patterns of production in architecture, the very way in which professionals compete with each other by making new claims to knowledge. Even today, employees at Paul Morris squabble about the role that simulation software should play in the office. Among other things, they fight about the role it should play in promotion and firm hierarchy. They bicker about the selection of new simulation software, knowing that choosing software implies greater power for those who are expert in it. Architects and their collaborators are in a continual struggle to define the creative roles that can bring them professional acceptance and greater control over design. New technologies for computer-aided design do not change this reality, they become players in it.
last changed 2009/01/07 07:05

_id ecaade2008_009
id ecaade2008_009
authors Lyon , Eduardo R.
year 2008
title Knowledge Based Design and Digital Manufacturing:
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 625-632
summary This research explores new ways to integrate manufacturing knowledge in to design phases. Through the use of design for manufacturing (DfM) concept, and looking at relations between its potential application in component design and its implementation using digital manufacturing technologies, the author implemented a DfM model that varies from previous models by incorporated learning in the process. This process was based on the incremental development and refinement of design heuristics and metrics. The DfM model developed in this research is a process model to be implemented as a framework within educational settings. The final purpose is to provide better foundational constructs for design education and to improve teaching approaches that integrate design and manufacturing.
keywords Design Computing, Design for manufacturing, Knowledge Based Design, Digital Manufacturing
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id ecaade2008_006
id ecaade2008_006
authors Marin, Philippe; Bignon, Jean-Claude; Lequay, Hervé
year 2008
title Integral Evolutionary Design, Integrated to Early Stage of Architectural
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 19-26
summary This paper deals with the architectural design process and the digital tools able to support a creative activity. Evolutionary devices are expected to support the architect in the initial phase of his work in progress and to stimulate his creativity through analogical thinking. An experimental tool is described, this one is using a genetic algorithm to explore the solution space, and it is based on both solar passive qualities and subjective interaction.
keywords Architectural design process, evolutionary design, genetic algorithm, analogical thinking, environmental parameters
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id caadria2008_000
id caadria2008_000
authors Nakapan, Walaiporn; Ekkachai Mahaek, Komson Teeraparbwong, Piyaboon Nilkaew (Eds.)
year 2008
title CAADRIA 2008: Beyond Computer-Aided Design
source Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (ISBN 978-974-672-290-2/ Chiang Mai, Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, 669 p.
summary In the Twenty-First Century, advanced digital technologies play a significant role in almost every aspect of our life. Many believe we are living in parallel space between the physical and the so-called ‘Digital World’ where alternative visualization and simulation seamlessly bridge these worlds. Many argue that advanced digital technologies improve human living condition as in the case of architectural design through the use of computer-generation can predict an outcome of better built environments. In cases of health, digital imaging tools improve the ability to diagnose and treat illness while in cases of entertainment, creates more visually stimulating effects. Yet, it provokes us to rethink aspects of culture and sense of belonging as well as to question the way we perceive, conceive, and represent the world we are living in.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2008/05/06 11:22

_id ijac20076101
id ijac20076101
authors Oxman, Rivka
year 2008
title Performance-based Design: Current Practices and Research Issues
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 6 - no. 1, pp. 1-17
summary In view of current developments in the theory and technology of digital design, potential novel directions for environments that support performance-based design are beginning to emerge. The field of performance-based design is defined through an analysis of current work in the field. Various models of performance-based architectural design are presented and discussed. On the basis of this analysis, key concepts and issues in the application of performance-based design in architecture are defined and certain research directions for the development of new approaches are presented. Finally we propose a new approach termed: Performative Design. Performative Design suggests that in creating simulation environments for performance-based architectural design both generative and evaluative capabilities can be integrated within performance-based simulations. The potential of performance-based simulation as a model of performance-based design is explored through a case study from an experimental digital design studio. Implication of this work on future research directions in the field is explicated.
series journal
last changed 2008/06/18 06:12

_id caadria2008_55_session5b_452
id caadria2008_55_session5b_452
authors Park, Jae Wan; Yunseok Oscar Kang, Kostas Terzidis
year 2008
title [SIN]uous: Developing a Pattern Fabricator Bridging between Visualization in the Digital and Fabrication in the Physical
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 452-458
summary We describe a domain-specific design tool capable of creating and fabricating complicated curvilinear patterns within the early stages of the design. This tool entitled “[SIN]uous” is a parametric design application that allows both the customization and fabrication of dynamic patterns created by the combination of SINE and COSINE functions. This tool allows designers and architects to design curvilinear patterns and manufacture schematic physical models of them in a short period of time, using rapid prototyping equipment such as a laser cutter. This tool consists of several modules, including a pattern maker, a fabricator, and a 3-D simulator. Using this tool, patterns are generated by manipulating variable parameters and fabricated according to the assembly sequence easily and quickly through algorithms by locating nodes of intersections. The end result is an exported computer file compatible with laser cutting technology. We expect that this design tool will facilitate the transition between the virtual and the physical, thus resulting in a better design product.
keywords Pattern; Fabrication; Fabricator; Rapid Prototyping
series CAADRIA
email {Jpark, ykang, terzidis}
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia08_134
id acadia08_134
authors Peters, Brady
year 2008
title Copenhagen Elephant House: A Case Study of Digital Design Processes
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 134-141
summary This paper outlines the digital design processes involved in the design and construction of the new Elephant House at Copenhagen Zoo. Early design concepts for the canopy were tested using physical sketch models. The geometric complexity of these early physical models led to the involvement of the Specialist Modelling Group and the use of the computer to digitally sketch 3D CAD models. After many studies, the complex form of the canopies was rationalised using torus geometry. A computer program was written to generate the canopy glazing and structure. This parametric system was developed to be a design tool, and was developed by an architectural designer working with the team. Through its use the team were able to explore more design options, and alter the design farther along in the design process; however, this generative tool was created largely as a CAD efficiency tool. Another series of computer programs were written to generate and populate a shading system based on environmental analysis. Unlike the computer program that generated the structure and glazing, this program was not developed to make the generation of complex geometric structures more efficient, but developed to explore computational approaches that would have been impossible without the computer. Most of the canopy’s design was communicated to fabricator through a geometry method statement, a method that has been proven to be effective in the past. The project completed in June 2008.
keywords Complex Geometry; Computation; Design; Generative; Sustainability
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id acadia11_152
id acadia11_152
authors Rael, Ronald; San Fratello, Virginia
year 2011
title Developing Concrete Polymer Building Components for 3D Printing
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 152-157
summary The creation of building components that can be seen as sustainable, inexpensive, stronger, recyclable, customizable and perhaps even reparable to the environment is an urgent, and critical focus of architectural research. In the U.S. alone, the construction industry produced 143.5 million tons of building-related construction and demolition debris in 2008, and buildings, in their consumption of energy produce more greenhouse gasses than automobiles or industry.Because the inherent nature of 3D printing opens new possibilities for shaping materials, the process will reshape the way we think about architectural building components. Digital materiality, a term coined by Italian and Swiss architects Fabio Gramazio and Matthias Kohler, describes materiality increasingly enriched with digital characteristics where data, material, programming and construction are interwoven (Gramazio and Kohler, 2008). The research aspires towards this classification through the use of parametric modeling tools, analytic software and quantitative and qualitative analysis. Rapid prototyping, which is the automatic construction of physical objects using additive manufacturing technology, typically employs materials intended for the immediate analysis of form, scale, and tactility. Rarely do the materials used in this process have any long-term value, nor does the process - except in rare cases with expensive metal prototyping - have the ability to create actual and sustainable working products. This research intends to alter this state of affairs by developing methods for 3D printing using concrete for the production of long-lasting performance-based components.
series ACADIA
type work in progress
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id sigradi2008_090
id sigradi2008_090
authors Righi, Thales; Gabriela Celani
year 2008
title Technologies for interactive displays [Tecnologias de displays interativos no processo de projeto arquitetônico]
source SIGraDi 2008 - [Proceedings of the 12th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] La Habana - Cuba 1-5 December 2008
summary This paper aims to discuss the possibilities of interactive displays in architecture´s design, the article starts discussing how the computational methods transformed the way of thinking architecture. Then are presented and analyzed some technologies that can be built into the workshop of the project architecture, among them: opaque and LCD tablets, chambers of immersion, whiteboards and interactive screens and equipment´s of tangible digital information (Tangible Bits). It appears that the trend of technological innovations is a mix of traditional and digital, facilitating the manipulation and production of drawings by architects through direct touch, some of the technologies are already considered viable, providing low cost and good results during the practice of design.
keywords Displays interativos, metodologia de projeto, manual x digital
series SIGRADI
type normal paper
last changed 2016/03/10 08:58

_id ascaad2009_emmanuel_ruffo
id ascaad2009_emmanuel_ruffo
authors Ruffo, Emmanuel
year 2009
title Programming As an Evolutionary Concept for Architectural Education: From natural systems to computer science materialization to emergent and evolutionary embedded architectural design
source Digitizing Architecture: Formalization and Content [4th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2009) / ISBN 978-99901-06-77-0], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 11-12 May 2009, pp. 47-59
summary Logic and evolution in ontogenetic processes for Architectural design was the title for a summer program taught at the Escuela de Arquitectura of the Universidad Anahuac from June to July 2008 in the State of Mexico, Mexico. Every single result in architectural design follows logical steps enclosed in the design processes. These logical processes evolve through space-time sequences in order to generate a diversity of possible solutions. In Biology an ontogenetic process refers to the development of an individual organism, anatomical or behavioral feature from the earliest stage to maturity. Following this development criteria students were encouraged to understand the main logics of natural and physical systems through the aid of computer programming. These logics must be understood as tridimensional geometries digitally generated. Right from the beginning all processes generated during the explorations and investigations had to be visualized as integral design performances. The integral design system must embedded structure, function, form and material capacities through the aid of computer programming, digital fabrication technologies and material assembling techniques. It is important to note that final prototypes had to demonstrate the diversity of capacities of the whole system in order to automate the components in evolution.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2009/06/30 06:12

_id sigradi2009_1108
id sigradi2009_1108
authors Santos, Denise Mônaco dos; Marcelo Tramontano
year 2009
title O projeto Comunidades_online: espacialidades híbridas sob uma perspectiva social [The Online_communities project: hybrid spacialities under a social perspective]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This article intends to present the development and the results of an experience about the interlacing information and communication technologies on local communities carried out by the Online_communities project, developed between 2004 and 2008 in Cidade Tiradentes, district of São Paulo. It’s about the elaboration of a critical examination of one interpretation of this project, among many possible, which privileges, on one hand, the links of the different aspects it covers, highlighting its actions which are very distinct. On the other hand, it is about creating hybrid spaces in urban fragments, considering them as spaces constituted from communication insertion through computational systems in communities geographically referred.
keywords Hybrid spaces; Communities; Computational interfaces; Information and Communication Technologies; Digital inclusion
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id ddss2008-38
id ddss2008-38
authors Schieck, Ava Fatah gen.; Alan Penn, Eamonn O’Neill
year 2008
title Mapping, sensing and visualising the digitalco-presence in the public arena
source H.J.P. Timmermans, B. de Vries (eds.) 2008, Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, ISBN 978-90-6814-173-3, University of Technology Eindhoven, published on CD
summary This paper reports on work carried out within the Cityware project using mobile technologies to map, visualise and project the digital co-presence in the city. This paper focuses on two pilot studies exploring the Bluetooth landscape in the city of Bath. Here we apply adapted and ‘digitally augmented’ methods for spatial observation and analysis based on established methods used extensively in the space syntax approach to urban design. We map the physical and digital flows at a macro level and observe static space use at the micro level. In addition we look at social and mobile behaviour from an individual’s point of view. We apply a method based on intervention through ‘Sensing and projecting’ Bluetooth names and digital identity in the public arena. We present early findings in terms of patterns of Bluetooth flow and presence, and outline initial observations about how people’s reaction towards the projection of their Bluetooth names practices in public. In particular we note the importance of constructing socially meaningful relations between people mediated by these technologies. We discuss initial results and outline issues raised in detail before finally describing ongoing work.
keywords Pervasive systems, digital presence, urban encounter, digital identity
series DDSS
last changed 2008/09/01 15:06

_id ecaade2011_058
id ecaade2011_058
authors Schindler, Christoph; Espinosa, Margarita Salmerón
year 2011
title ZipShape Mouldless Bending II: A Shift from Geometry to Experience
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.477-484
summary “ZipShape is a universal method to fabricate single curved panels from any plain material without moulds” was the first statement of a paper presented at the Antwerp eCAADe conference in September 2008 (Schindler, 2008). In contrast, the paper at hand introduces ZipShape as a highly specific composite combining different materials and their characteristics. Between those two texts, a paradigm shift took place – from abstract geometrical concept to experiencing the inseparable relation of form and material behaviour. This second step of ZipShape-research was initiated by Swiss design office schindlersalmerón through several workshops with Fachschule für Holztechnik Hamburg, CITA at Royal Academy of the Fine Arts Copenhagen, Bern University of Applied Sciences BFH–AHB Biel and The Detmold School of Architecture and Interior Design.
wos WOS:000335665500055
keywords Mouldless Bending; Wood; Parametric Modelling; Digital Fabrication; Unrolling
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia08_376
id acadia08_376
authors Silver, Mike
year 2008
title The Most Important Airplane In The History Of Architecture
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 376-381
summary Composite structures consist of high strength carbon threads held together in a matrix of epoxy resin or thermoplastics. Surfaces made from these materials are typically 10 times lighter and 1.5 times stronger than aluminum. Both simple and highly contoured shapes possessing extreme strength can be produced using a computer controlled fiber placement machine (FPM). These incredibly thin, corrosion resistant membranes require little or no supplemental support to manage loads and enclose space. The computer’s ability to determine the precise location of each fiber strand in a fiber placed part also facilitates unprecedented control of its aesthetic and functional properties. Fiber placement technology integrates building components that would normally be separated into clearly distinct systems. Here ornament, structure and cladding are collapsed into one material process. This paper explores the architectural potential of a technology normally reserved for aerospace applications through research conducted in close collaboration with fiber placement engineers at Automated Dynamics in Schenectady, New York (ADC).
keywords Composite; Digital Fabrication; Fiber; Skin; Structure
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id ecaade2017_202
id ecaade2017_202
authors Sollazzo, Aldo, Trento, Armando and Baseta, Efilena
year 2017
title Machinic Agency - Implementing aerial robotics and machine learning to map public space
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 611-618
summary The research presented in this paper is focused on proposing a new digital workflow, involving unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and machines learning systems, in order to detect and map citizen's behaviors in the context of public spaces.Novel machinic abilities can be implemented in the understanding of the human context, decoding, through computer visions and machine learning, complex systems into intelligible outputs (Olson, 2008), mapping the relationships of our reality. In this framework, robotic and computational strategies can be implemented in order to offer a new description of public spaces, bringing to light the hidden forces and multiple layers constituting the urban habitat. The presented study focuses on the development of a methodology turning video frames collected from cameras installed on drones into large datasets used to train convolutional networks and enable machines learning systems to detect and map pedestrians in public spaces.
keywords mapping; drones; machine learning; computer vision; city
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:30

_id ecaade2008_096
id ecaade2008_096
authors Sweet, Kevin
year 2008
title Binary Translation: A Positive Feedback Loop
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 391-396
summary The proliferation of the computer as a digital design tool in architecture has allowed for the previously impossible rapid investigation of complex forms. Architects and students are borrowing ideologies and methodologies from other disciplines and utilizing computational resources in an attempt to generate unique form. This reliance on outside disciplines, while producing fascinating results, fails to consider the phenomenal properties of architecture achieved through the realization of the physical. Through a merging of these borrowed techniques from other fields and the traditional notion of architect as builder, two seemingly disparate conditions can be synthesized—ideally producing architecture that responds to questions of our surroundings and ultimately proposes new solutions to these questions.
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id sigradi2008_179
id sigradi2008_179
authors Toloudi, Zenovia
year 2008
title Architectural Brand valuations through a tag-based learning machine.
source SIGraDi 2008 - [Proceedings of the 12th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] La Habana - Cuba 1-5 December 2008
summary Brand is a set of associations related to an object from a particular source (Libai 2008). Such an object can be a product, person or service. Architecture is both service and product. However architectural Branding has never been clearly defined. This probably happens due to the lack of tools to measure the architectural Brand. This paper explores a direction to evaluate the architectural Brand by using computational methods in order to offer a better understanding regarding the awareness, reputation and prominence of the architectural firm. The methodology is based on case studies in which the brands of different types of architectural firms are analyzed, measured and compared to each other through a two-part process: a. the development of one tool to statistically measure the architectural Brand and b. the interpretation of the results of the measurements. a. Learning machine In order to make these brand measurements within a specific group of people or images, this paper develops an interactive tool that uses an image database. The tool constitutes a learning machine; it makes a hypothetic hierarchical categorization of the image database into + and – using an initial sample and it proposes to the user the first image of the list; finally, the user validates the image by confirming or not the machine’s guess. In this image database, each image is described as an array of attributes (tags). Tags can be generated either by the architectural firm itself or can emerge by users. b. Evaluation of results This interactive, user-friendly tool is drawing a user’s preference by proposing similar images from the database based on a learning process from the user input (initial sample and feedback); alternatively, it can be used as a questionnaire for quantitative research. Moreover, this tool categorizes photos of similar content. This research focuses on the following issues as parameters of the effectiveness of the process: o Simplicity of the database organization through computation. o Top-down Vs. Bottom-up tagging of works/ images mechanism. o Future use of the image database. o Transformation of the image database while becoming larger. o “Market” segmentation or not. o Combination of the tool with other Brand measurement tools. o Combination of the tool with other image databases. The outcome of this approach can provide an analysis and metric of the brand strength of different architectural firms. Furthermore, it can help architectural firms to understand better how they are perceived by others in order to improve their brand image and associations.
keywords Branding, learning machine, image database, attribute, tag
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id acadia05_200
id acadia05_200
authors Tsou, J.-Y., Chan Yi Lee, Mak Kwok Pui, Ru Xu Du, Liang Jian, Yeung Kim
year 2005
title Applying Scientific Simulation to Integrate Thermoelectric Conductor Module into Architectural Design – Smart Wall for Thermal Comfort
source Smart Architecture: Integration of Digital and Building Technologies [Proceedings of the 2005 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 0-9772832-0-8] Savannah (Georgia) 13-16 October 2005, pp. 200-210
summary This paper presents the innovative architectural design concept, which is to integrate the new material and technology into the building design to achieve the thermal comfort and at the same time reduce the energy consumption of the building by making use of the renewable energy, including solar and wind energy. The system is developed based on the idea of regional thermal comfort in building. The advantage of the system is the environmental friendly approach, costless operation, reliability, flexibility, scalability and adaptability for the integration to the building design. With the design concept, we tried to do two application designs in two virtual sites. One is a badminton court for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and the other is a cooling pond in a shopping mall. We will introduce how computational simulation can contribute to the prediction of the performance of the design. We will also discuss how the computation simulation can help in the design optimization process. Through the development of the new design integration of the material to the building, we would like to feedback to the material industry to encourage further collaboration and development in the material enhancement, so that both industries and the society can benefit from the advancement.
series ACADIA
last changed 2005/10/25 16:52

_id acadia08_354
id acadia08_354
authors Vanucci, Marco
year 2008
title Pluri-Potential Branching System
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 354-363
summary In contemporary construction industry, parametric softwares are often employed in design processes of rationalization and post-rationalization where, given a certain project, the answer to specific problems is required to actualize the desired shape [problem-solving approach]. ¶ This paper outlines a research project intended to develop a generative approach to digital design where the employment of parametric and algorithmic tools provide the possibility to set up integral multi-parametric systems; organizational as well as geometrical and structural aspects are investigated and, in parallel, they inform each other. ¶ The paper unfolds through constant reference to natural systems and, more specifically, develops the notion of pluri-potential systems deriving principle from the interaction between biological processes and computation. ¶ The results address the shift from mono-parametric problem-solving approaches to a generative problem-caring process where the integration of multiple system logics contribute to the development of a virtual pluri-potential set up. ¶ Finally, the paper explore the generative interdependency between structural, geometrical, organizational and computational logics of a system studying the manifold potentials of branching structures in the attempt to explore the emergent synergy between biological processes, computation and architectural design.
keywords Branching; Evolution; Generative; Open Systems; Parametric
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id acadia08_390
id acadia08_390
authors Vrana, Andrew; Joe Meppelink; Ben Nicholson
year 2008
title New Harmony Grotto
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 390-399
summary With the expanding wave of contemporary architecture inspired and informed by biomorphic design and biomimetic processes, the re-evaluation of work of Frederick Kiesler has become immanent. Throughout the mid 20th century he became increasingly interested in the relationship of natural form and structure to architectural space and organization. The Grotto for Meditation proposed in 1963 for New Harmony, Indiana commissioned by Mrs. Jane Blaffer-Owen was the culmination of his life’s work. Though the project was not realized, it embodies all of the influences of his time from surrealism to biology and cybernetic theory. Through our university and the Blaffer Foundation, we engaged in formal research and tectonic resolution of the project employing digital modeling and fabrication technologies at our College and in Houston where Mrs. Owen lives when she is not in New Harmony. We based this project on the full catalog of archival material made available to us with support from the Blaffer and Kielser Foundations. Our exploration also was influenced by discussions with Mrs. Blaffer-Owen who is still very interested in realizing this profoundly interesting and enigmatic project. Our university has opened the door to the opportunity that our reinterpreted Grotto become a permanent fixture on the campus next to a wetland landscape that it is currently under construction. Our research into Kiesler has engaged his esoteric concepts of “co-realism” and “continuous tension” as well as his early use of recursive geometry and biomorphic form in design. From reverse engineering and digital fabrication via 3D scanning to generative structural articulation, we are experimenting with a structural/spatial system that closely aligns with Kiesler’s originally proposed tile patterning dilated into a minimal structure. Our prototypes and the final version will be fabricated by one of the largest commercially for-hire water jet cutter in country and assembled on the site.
keywords Biomorphic; Digital Fabrication; Prototype; Structure
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

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