CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 450

_id kasyanov02_paper_eaea2007
id kasyanov02_paper_eaea2007
authors Kasyanov, Nikolai
year 2008
title Study of Architectural Shape Formation in Comparison with Natural Morphogenesis Using Computer Simulation
source Proceedings of the 8th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference
summary Geometric accuracy of architectural computer models allows to percept and to analyze the three-dimensional spatial compositions using computer images. The concepts and methodology of modern interdisciplinary science, in particular fractal geometry, have already been successfully applied in the various scientific fields, as astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology. Modern ecological paradigm does not separate human life and anthropogenic world from the natural environment considering all as unitary nonlinear ecosystem. The analysis of the architectural shape formation is a part of the study of morphogenesis in such different worlds, as non-living and living nature and man-made forms – real as well as virtual architecture.
keywords morphogenesis, architectural landscape, computer simulations
series EAEA
email kas_nv@mail.ru
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2008/04/29 18:46

_id caadria2008_25_session3b_205
id caadria2008_25_session3b_205
authors Kim, Miyun; Jinwon Choi
year 2008
title Visualizing Environmental Information on The Geo-Spatial Urban Map
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 205-212
summary Environmental and residential destruction caused by urbanization and land development raises a serious issue. In addition, advanced technology has quickly changed the structure of cities, followed by revolutionary changes are growing faster these days and this requires us to turn our attention into developing a symbiotic eco-city, which will make it possible for further sustainable development. In this regard, it grows much more important to manage a flood of information from various intelligent devices and systems for environmental maintenance. The structure and meaning of modern info-oriented cities have changed their focus from tangible materials and resources, or energy into intangible information and knowledge. Now it has become the most important on how to manage and utilize a vast amount of information in order to strengthen the competitiveness and improve the life quality. This study finds methods for an effective city management and planning, or visualization of information for ecology-friendly education in order to provide a comfortable city life and develop a cleaner city, by efficiently managing information on several ecology protection areas and their sauces of pollution in the centre of a city. The goal is to help city managers or planners to be better aware of environmental information related to their work.
keywords Ecology-friendly city; environmental information; geo-spatial urban map; classification, visualization
series CAADRIA
email {michelle1014, jchoi}@yonsei.ac.kr
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id sigradi2008_199
id sigradi2008_199
authors Castañe, Dora
year 2008
title Rosario, views on the integral revitalization of a cultural heritage [Rosario, Miradas sobre la Revitalización Integral de un Patrimonio Cultural]
source SIGraDi 2008 - [Proceedings of the 12th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] La Habana - Cuba 1-5 December 2008
summary This work shows the study of the methods and techniques for the development of a virtual vision VRML 3D included in an "Digitally-integrated knowledge base" with interactive interphases of a significantly revitalized fragment of a central area of the city of Rosario, Province of Santa Fé, Argentina, that includes an emblematic heritage for the Argentineans: the National Monument to the Flag. Digital models that partly allow the development of a hypothesis of integration between the digitized information and information technology—new digital proximity— to the effects of being able to investigate the generation of multimedia database that includes three-dimensional and dynamic models of the mentioned type, in this case, urban, architectonic, and cultural heritage. Different views and research on heritage have been developing. Nevertheless, the use of these new 3D non-immersive technologies and inter-phases are opening a new field of vision and understanding of the subject.
keywords Heritage, Urban-architectural planning, virtual reality
series SIGRADI
email dcastane05@ciudad.com.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id ecaade2008_103
id ecaade2008_103
authors Chase, Scott; Schultz, Ryan; Brouchoud, Jon
year 2008
title Gather ’round the Wiki-Tree
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 809-816
summary The growth of internet based communication has facilitated the development of open source, collaborative projects. Here we describe the results of three ‘Wikitecture’ experiments in collaborative, open source architectural design within the virtual world Second Life. We describe the in-world platform developed and its use for a design competition entry. Issues such as contribution assessment and the role of open source collaborative design in architecture and construction are discussed, concluding with a wish list for future enhancements.
keywords Virtual worlds, wikis, open source architecture, collaborative design
series eCAADe
email s.c.chase@strath.ac.uk, ryan.schultz@studiowikitecture.com, jbrouchoud@gmail.com
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id caadria2008_59_session6a_487
id caadria2008_59_session6a_487
authors Chevrier, C.; J.P. Perrin
year 2008
title Interactive parametric modelling: POG a tool the cultural heritage monument 3D reconstruction
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 487-493
summary Historic monument and archaeological site 3D reconstruction is nowadays often required for many applications (scientific and architectural studies, virtual visits for a better understanding of the monument, etc). This task is very time-consuming. Automating the modelling of the most common components could ease this 3D work and produce accurate, consistent and re-usable models. Based upon compound rules of architectural elements but also upon various other data sources such as photographs and 3D laser scans, we have conceived and developed an interactive tool for virtual 3D reconstruction of heritage monuments. It allows a quick modelling and accurate adjustments to the measured data. This tool could be a great help for architects and archaeologists. Research first has began with the study of classical architecture, and has gone on with other architectural styles. Architectural elements are described with parametric data, then generated by our tool. Our main application context was the town of Nancy in France where there are lots of classical architecture buildings which allow us to test our tool. It will be further extended to be applied to other architectural styles and will be combined with photogrammetry methods.
keywords parametric modelling, cultural heritage, 3D model
series CAADRIA
email chevrier@crai.archi.fr, perrin@crai.archi.fr
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia08_072
id acadia08_072
authors Frumar, Jerome
year 2008
title An Energy Centric Approach to Architecture: Abstracting the material to co-rationalize design and performance
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 72-81
summary This paper begins by exploring matter as an aggregated system of energy transactions and modulations. With this in mind, it examines the notion of energy driven form finding as a design methodology that can simultaneously negotiate physical, environmental and fabrication considerations. The digital workspace enables this notion of form finding to re-establish itself in the world of architecture through a range of analytic tools that algorithmically encode real world physics. Simulating the spatial and energetic characteristics of reality enables virtual “form generation models that recognize the laws of physics and are able to create ‘minimum’ surfaces for compression, bending [and] tension” (Cook 2004). The language of energy, common in engineering and materials science, enables a renewed trans-disciplinary dialogue that addresses significant historic disjunctions such as the professional divide between architects and engineers. Design becomes a science of exploring abstracted energy states to discover a suitable resonance with which to tune the built environment. ¶ A case study of one particular method of energy driven form finding is presented. Bi-directional Evolutionary Structural Optimization (BESO) is a generative engineering technique developed at RMIT University. It appropriates natural growth strategies to determine optimum forms that respond to structural criteria by reorganizing their topology. This dynamic topology response enables structural optimization to become an integrated component of design exploration. A sequence of investigations illustrates the flexibility and trans-disciplinary benefits of this approach. Using BESO as a tool for design rather than purely for structural optimization fuses the creative approach of the architect with the pragmatic approach of the engineer, enabling outcomes that neither profession could develop in isolation. The BESO case study alludes to future design processes that will facilitate a coherent unfolding of design logic comparable to morphogenesis.
keywords Energy; Form-Finding; Morphogenesis; Optimization; Structure
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id caadria2008_33_session4a_271
id caadria2008_33_session4a_271
authors Fukuda, Tomohiro; Atsuko Kaga, Takanori Terashima
year 2008
title Citizen participatory design method using VR and A Blog
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 271-277
summary This research concerned the establishment of a citizen participatory design method using VR and CGM. For this, problems in the citizen participatory design are addressed, and the continuous study method using VR and a blog is shown. Then, evaluation is conducted by considering an actual design project as a case study. Furthermore, VR functions needed through the case study are developed. Using this method, a small patio on which parasols were permanently and lawfully set up on a road lot was completed.
keywords Citizen participatory design; sustainable community design; design method; Virtual Reality; blog
series CAADRIA
email kaga@mit.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ddss2008-11
id ddss2008-11
authors Gohnai, Y.; A. Ohgai and K. Watanabe
year 2008
title A simulation model development of firefightingactivity by community residents against coseismic firespread using multi-agent systemAs a support tool for community-based disaster preventionplanning
source H.J.P. Timmermans, B. de Vries (eds.) 2008, Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, ISBN 978-90-6814-173-3, University of Technology Eindhoven, published on CD
summary This paper attempted to develop a simulation model of residents’ firefighting activity against coseismic fire spread using multi-agent system. The developed model was applied to a case study area. In the application, the simulations were carried out to the existing area and eleven cases of the assumption (virtual conditions) of the area where are implemented various non-physical and physical measures. As a result, the measures with only physical and haphazard multitude of measures did not show a remarked effect of disaster prevention performance. And, it is confirmed that the model can visually, dynamically and quantitatively output results. From these outputs, the possibility of contribution for enhancing residents’ awareness and drafting a plan of disaster prevention was confirmed. However, there are still some problems to be solved for the practical use of the model.
keywords Community-based Planning for Disaster Prevention, Planning Support System, Fire Spread Simulation, Firefighting simulation, Multi-agent system, Cellular Automata
series DDSS
last changed 2008/09/01 15:06

_id ddss2008-30
id ddss2008-30
authors Hemmerling, Marco
year 2008
title Digital MaterialPerception, Interaction and Immersion in Virtual Environments
source H.J.P. Timmermans, B. de Vries (eds.) 2008, Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, ISBN 978-90-6814-173-3, University of Technology Eindhoven, published on CD
summary This paper outlines two major aspects of virtual environments for architectural design. On the one hand it focusses on how to use virtual reality as an extended tool to generate spatial design by building up and interacting with a three-dimensional digital model. On the other hand it describes - based on a case study - the relation between perception, interaction and immersion in virtual environments. Both approaches can be interconnected to a continues design process, that allows the designer to create, manipulate, visualize and decide on spatial concepts in a holistic three-dimensional simulation.
keywords Virtual Environment, Digital Architecture, Immersion, Perception, Human-Computer Interaction
series DDSS
last changed 2008/09/01 15:06

_id cdc2008_017
id cdc2008_017
authors Holzer, Dominik
year 2008
title Embracing the Post-digital
source First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? - 18-19 April 2008, Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge (USA), pp. 17-22
summary This paper discusses ways for designers to reconnect their design methodologies with the process of making. The paper takes a critical standpoint on the way architects have integrated digital tools and computational processes in their design over the past three to four decades. By scrutinising the support designers can derive from their virtual design-space it is debated in how far this may be complemented by sensory information-feedback from the physical design-space. A studio-based design project is used to illustrate how students have approached this issue to address aspects of building performance in a post-digital way. Moving between digital and physical models without difficulty, the students were able to study the effects geometrical changes on sustainability-performance in real time.
email dominik.holzer@rmit.edu.au
last changed 2009/01/07 07:05

_id 3de1
id 3de1
authors Horne M, Thompson E
year 2008
title The Role of Virtual Reality in Built Environment Education
source Journal of Education in the Built Environment, Vol 3, Issue 1
summary This study builds upon previous research on the integration of Virtual Reality (VR) within the built environment curriculum and aims to investigate the role of VR and three-dimensional (3D) computer modelling on learning and teaching in a school of the built environment. In order to achieve this aim, a number of academic experiences were analysed to explore the applicability and viability of 3D computer modelling and VR into built environment subject areas. Although two-dimensional (2D) representations have been greatly accepted by built environment professions and education, 3D computer representations and VR applications, offering interactivity and immersiveness, are not yet widely accepted. The study attempts to understand the values and challenges of integrating visualisation technologies into built environment teaching and investigates tutors’ perceptions, opinions and concerns with respect to these technologies. The study reports on the integration process and considers how 3D computer modelling and VR technologies can combine with, and extend, the existing range of learning and teaching methods appropriate to different disciplines and programme areas.
keywords 3D Computer Modelling, Virtual Reality, Visualisation, Built Environment
series other
type normal paper
email m.horne@unn.ac.uk
more http://www.cebe.heacademy.ac.uk/jebe/
last changed 2008/11/02 19:46

_id ecaade2008_039
id ecaade2008_039
authors Indraprastha, Aswin; Shinozaki, Michihiko
year 2008
title Constructing Virtual Urban Environment Using Game Technology
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 359-366
summary Recent game technology ascends development of low-cost virtual environment to the next level in two domains : reality representation and user interaction or engagement. In architecture and urban design realm, realistic 3D representation become more important in such way of conceptualizing ideas and analyzing the context of design problem. This research will present development of virtual urban environment using game engine technology. Aim of this research is to promote game engine as a tool for visual representation, visual analysis and further basic tool for urban design study. At the end, we point out potentials as well as constraints both in technical and design method issues in game technology based on the research findings.
keywords Game engine: virtual urban environment, design study, visual representation, visual analysis
series eCAADe
email m507421@sic.shibaura-it.ac.jp, sinozaki@shibaura-it.ac.jp
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id caadria2008_32_session4a_263
id caadria2008_32_session4a_263
authors Kan, Jeff W.T.; John S Gero
year 2008
title Do computer mediated tools affect team design creativity?
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 263-270
summary This paper presents the results of a quantitative analysis to measure the development of creative design ideas in design protocols. It presents a working definition of design creativity used in the analysis followed by the method of study. Five sets of video and audio data were collected from experiments that involved two designers designing similar tasks in three different settings: face-to-face, an Internet GroupBoard, and a 3D virtual world. The most creative pair was selected for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Our result shows that designers developed more design ideas in the face-to-face setting than in the 3D virtual world settings.
keywords Creativity, protocol analysis, collaborations, virtual world
series CAADRIA
email kwaitak@arch.usyd.edu.au, john@johngero.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2008_181
id ecaade2008_181
authors Koehler, Tanja; Dieckmann, Andreas; Russell , Peter
year 2008
title An Evaluation of Contemporary Game Engines
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 743-750
summary The paper deals with a close examination of several contemporary game engines regarding their usability for architectural visualisation that was conducted by third to fifth year students in a seminar context. The study examines the technology of these game engines with the main focus on graphic quality and adaptability to architectural purpose. The evaluation included not only the workflow of importing the 3D model into the engine but also general handling of the software and its user interface. The documentation of the test process and the evaluation of the various engines have been documented in a wiki compiled and written by the students. The information therein and the cost-benefit analyses provided for every engine should assist future users to quickly find the most suitable game engine for their specific purposes.
keywords game engine, visualization, virtual reality, real-time graphic, 3d model
series eCAADe
email tanjakoehler@arcor.de, dieckmann@caad.arch.rwth-aachen.de, russell@caad.arch.rwth-aachen.de
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id caadria2008_69_session7a_572
id caadria2008_69_session7a_572
authors Lertlakkhanakul, Jumphon; Seoyoung Lee, Jinwon Choi
year 2008
title A Study of The Effects of Placeness on Collaborative Virtual Workplace
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 572-578
summary So far, there is no empirical study on how ‘placeness’ can affect virtual workplace model. This problem has continuously been overlooked. The research objectives are to verify the effectiveness of ‘workplace metaphor’ and to find out factors that constitute ‘placeness’, the properties of being a place, in collaborative virtual workplace. An experiment was conducted to test the framework. At the end, different virtual workplace settings can result in dissimilar user behavior in terms of teamwork and attitude toward the workplace as disparate settings imply different requirements on function, organizational culture, and social meaning. In conclusion, if architectural elements are carefully applied to the virtual office, it cans strengthen teamwork and enhances social interaction.
keywords Collaborative virtual workplace; collaborative virtual environments; office ecology; place metaphor; socio-spatial behavior
series CAADRIA
email {jumphon, lsycubic, jchoi}@yonsei.ac.kr
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id oxman02_theses_eaea2007
id oxman02_theses_eaea2007
authors Oxman, Rivka; Rina Kolomisky
year 2008
title Designing Experience in Virtual Worlds
source Proceedings of the 8th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference
summary The immense growth in computer and virtual reality technology has resulted in the development of new approaches to the design of virtual environments. Virtual environments related to everyday life are currently being designed and implemented to accommodate diverse functions. These information environments are generally not sufficient to simulate the experience of real life. There is a need to establish new conceptual approaches to enhance the richness of our experience in virtual world.
keywords virtual environments, psychology - sense of presence - sense of place; scenario-based; media interactivity; methods and techniques of spatial simulation
series EAEA
email rivkao@gmail.com
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2008/04/29 18:46

_id caadria2008_10_session1b_081
id caadria2008_10_session1b_081
authors Penttilä, Hannu; Markus Peter, Dietrich Elger
year 2008
title Evaluating VBE AND BIM-frameworkS A Cost Estimation Case Study and Reflections to Environmental Issues
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 81-88
summary This paper describes and evaluates two recently emerged concepts, Virtual Building Environment VBE and Building Information Modelling BIM, fitting them into the context of contemporary design and construction. Both are elementary concepts in modern digitally “reinforced” design and construction. A case study of cost estimation is presented to illustrate how discipline related issues are currently managed within VBE and BIM. An environmental aspect is presented as a corresponding domain to evaluate the other use cases of building related information. Other similar domains to be evaluated perhaps in further case studies could be the functional user aspect, the project management aspect and the regulating aspect by the society and authorities. A hypothetical assumption is, that methods and technologies which are currently used within VBE and BIM, mainly by designers, can well support various data extractions from BIM-models, but they may not serve all construction process participants in the most beneficial way. Also wider scale building portfolios are requested as conceptual extensions to VBE and BIM. This study is based on ongoing PhD studies on building information modelling and environmental life cycle assessment.
keywords VBE; virtual building environment; BIM; building information model; CAD; cost estimation; life cycle assessment; LCA
series CAADRIA
email hannu.penttila@hut.fi, markus.peter@kit.de, dietrich.elger@ifib.uni-karlsruhe.de
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id cdc2008_255
id cdc2008_255
authors Perez, Edgardo
year 2008
title The Fear Of The Digital: From The Elusion Of Typology To Typologics
source First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? - 18-19 April 2008, Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge (USA), pp. 255-266
summary It might seem that architecture has been forced to choose, once again, between two worlds of existence. One of them might be the construction of the tangible, the other, a “formal fantasy” that will never reach a legitimate status among the “tectonic” or the “structural”. This vague spectrum has confirmed the fear of loosing typology as a proof, of loosing a foremost validation for architecture. But one could see the virtual as a possibility to generate a structure of discourses and interactive tactics to reformulate the typological. This meaning that the virtual could transcend the so called “graphic” stigma and actually produce the discourses and spatial strategies to radicalize typology and move towards a radicalization of content.
email Intrope01@gmail.com
last changed 2009/01/07 07:05

_id ijac20108101
id ijac20108101
authors Phan, Viet Toan; Seung Yeon Choo
year 2010
title Augmented Reality-Based Education and Fire Protection for Traditional Korean Buildings
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 1, 75-91
summary This study examines an application of Augmented Reality technology (AR) for Korean Cultural Traditional Buildings, specifically, the Namdaemun Gate, "National Treasure No 1" of the Republic of Korea. Unfortunately, in February 2008, the Namdaemun Gate burned down, despite the efforts of many firemen, as the main difficulty was getting the fire under control without any structural knowledge of the wooden building. Hence, with the great advances in digital technology, an application of virtual technical information to traditional buildings is needed, and the new technology of AR offers many such advantages for digital architectural design and construction fields. While AR is already being considered as new design approach for architecture, outdoor AR is another practical application that can take advantage of new wearable computer equipment (Head-mounted display also know as HMD, position and orientation sensors, and mobile computing) to superimpose virtual graphics of traditional buildings (in this case, Namdaemun Gate) in a real outdoor scene. Plus, outdoor AR also allows the user to move freely around and inside a 3D virtual construction, thereby offering important training opportunities, for example, specific structural information in the case of firemen and mission planning in the case of a real-life emergency. In this example, the proposed outdoor AR system is expected to provide important educational information on traditional wooden building for architects, archaeologists, and engineers, while also assisting firemen to protect such special buildings.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id 9d5f
id 9d5f
authors Podevyn M, Horne M, Fisher P, Thompson, E
year 2008
title Global Visualisation Engines – Issues for Urban Landscape Planning Participation Processes
source Digital Design in Landscape Architecture 2008, Proceedings at Anhalt University of Applied Sciences, 29-31 May 2008
summary Traditional planning processes use two-dimensional drawings, plans, sections, elevations and artists’ impressions to communicate design intent to interested parties. Three-dimensional computer visualisation technologies that support the planning process raise institutional and organisational challenges as their perceived benefits are considered. Virtual Reality (VR) models add interactivity and immersiveness to landscape visualisations but require appropriate technical input and management. This paper explores two main themes. Firstly, how interactive 3D computer simulations of planning proposals can be adopted to successfully improve the traditional process. It reports on a pilot study to examine how architects, clients, planning officers and university researchers have worked together to systematically examine and analyse this changing process. It reports on issues concerned with ownership of city models, the roles and the compatibility, accuracy and remote sharing of urban data. Secondly, we explore the emerging theme of web-based GIS applications and their impact on architectural visualisation. The process of placing urban data onto Google Earth was tested and the resulting issues emerging with this software, including IT and data management and accuracy issues for suitable architectural visualisation are discussed. The study also reports and offers an overview of placing accurate urban landscape data onto Google Earth and a discussion of using this method for online public participation and communicating technical building information.
keywords 3D modelling, planning process, VR city models, Google Earth
series other
type normal paper
email m.horne@unn.ac.uk
last changed 2008/11/02 20:09

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