CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

PDF papers
References

Hits 81 to 100 of 576

_id ecaade2009_027
id ecaade2009_027
authors Ho, Hsin­Yi; Wang, Ming-Hung
year 2009
title Meta Form as a Parametric Design Language
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 713-718
summary This study is about building a conceptual architecture called Meta-form that can perform the acts of parametric design to generate various house forms. The study limits its scope to four genotypes of residential houses in the world. Typological Analysis is employed as a technique of distinguishing the key variables shared by the built forms. The result, with respect to each genotype, there are specific meta-form systems account for the generation of cases of phenotype by assigning different values to each corresponding parameter. With its generative power the meta-form system is evidently a useful tool to assist type-based form productions. As such, the parametric values also acquired the descriptive power of specifying built form characters.
wos WOS:000334282200086
keywords Meta form, genotype, phenotype, typological analysis, parametric design
series eCAADe
email h5252@ms12.hinet.net, ming@mail.ncku.edu.tw
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia09_58
id acadia09_58
authors Kolarevic, Branko
year 2009
title Exploring Architecture of Change
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 58-61
summary This paper discusses what may seem to be rather obvious: responsive, adaptive, flexible, etc., architectures are all about change, which in turn, is all about time. It surveys significant past and current projects that deal with interactive, responsive environments. The principal argument is that change in architecture is far from being adequately addressed or explored theoretically, experimentally, or phenomenologically.
keywords Adaptive design, performance, time, history
series ACADIA
type Normal paper
email branko.kolarevic@ucalgary.ca
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id ecaade2009_101
id ecaade2009_101
authors Krijnen, Thomas; Beetz, Jakob; de Vries, Bauke
year 2009
title Airport Schiphol: Behavioral Simulation of a Design Concept
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 559-564
summary In this paper, we introduce an agent-based simulation of passengers in airport terminal buildings. A case study is described during which a prototype simulation tool is used to test the impact of a conceptual design change in an existing airport terminal building. We illustrate how this real-time, geometry-aware simulation can be generalized and integrated into the design process to support designers in configuring the spatial layout of public and functional buildings.
wos WOS:000334282200067
keywords User behavior, agent-based simulation, airport terminal, design process, design evaluation
series eCAADe
email mail@thomaskrijnen.com, j.beetz@tue.nl, b.d.vries@tue.nl
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2009_700
id cf2009_700
authors Lee, Juhyun; Song, Jeong Hwa and Oh, Kunsoo
year 2009
title RFID applications in a building project
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 700- 712
summary As a new paradigm for construction in the ubiquitous era, IT Technology like RFID is an emerging issue in the building industry. For the purpose of RFID technology application in the building industry, this research suggests the Information Lifecycle Management using RFID technology in apartment building project and deals with the context-aware scenario for RFID technology application. The final objective of the research intends to develop the RFID application for the construction industry. From the tagging nodes at the material manufacture stage to the reading nodes at the end stage of the construction process, the flow of the RFID information deals with the synthetic application connecting physical construction material with electronic RFID information for the management. Furthermore, we suggest how to systematize, distribute and manage the construction material with the Information Lifecycle Management.
keywords RFID, management, material, scenario, lifecycle
series CAAD Futures
email theteam21@msn.com
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id caadria2009_065
id caadria2009_065
authors Li, Biao; Rong Li
year 2009
title Optimal Organization of Architectural Spaces Based on Genetic Algorithm
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 653-661
summary Genetic algorithms categorized as global search heuristics are search technique of seeking approximate or exact solutions for optimizing problems. Our generative tool named notchSpace starts from a population of randomly generated individuals which rationally subdivide architectural spaces with a low “fitness”. During generations’ evolution, the population is recombined, modified and mutated at a low rate to form new modes of building spatial subdivision; a new population is used in the next iteration. NotchSpace works up a research platform to evolve architectural spaces, and it explores the thinking of translation from computer algorithms to the field of architecture.
keywords Genetic algorithms; evolutions; fitness; crossover
series CAADRIA
email jz_studio@126.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2009_170
id caadria2009_170
authors Liu Zhi; Jixi Ai and Zheng Wang
year 2009
title Study on Zoning of Urban Morphology based on GIS
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 317-326
summary The traditional studies of urban morphology mainly focus on material aspects such as urban construction, urban environment. The writers of the paper, however, point out that the nature behind material aspects should be load capacity of urban land-use, which can be reflected through some economic and technological indexes, such as floor area ratio(FAR), building density and building height, and generally they are relative. The paper forms a new morphology zoning method after having studied the relation of the above indexes based on the digital methods of GIS. This rout of thought may have some reference value for controlling the expanse of urban land-use, optimizing the allocation of resources and urban morphology and supervising the implementation of urban planning. In the paper, the author proposed the concept of “zhubei” to describe and evaluate urban morphology. We can further analyze “zhubei” regards urban planning analysis and management, for example, the slope analysis, aspect analysis, view analysis, area and volume analysis etc. Therefore, we can describe current urban morphology and evaluate its rationality by relevant conclusions just like describing vegetation.
keywords urban morphology: zoning: GIS; digital; planning; zhubei
series CAADRIA
email liuzhi_81312@163.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ijac20097409
id ijac20097409
authors Madkour, Yehia; Oliver Neumann; Halil Erhan
year 2009
title Programmatic Formation: Practical Applications of Parametric Design
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 4, 587-604
summary Programmatic Formation explores design as a responsive process. The study we present engages the complexity of the surroundings using parametric and generative design methods. It illustrates that responsiveness of designs can be achieved beyond geometric explorations. The parametric models can combine and respond simultaneously to design and its programmatic factors, such as performance-sensitive design-decisions, and constraints. We demonstrate this through a series of case studies for a housing tower. The studies explore the extent to which non-spatial parameters can be incorporated into spatial parametric dependencies in design. The results apply digital design and modeling, common to the curriculum of architecture schools, to the practical realm of building design and city planning. While practitioners are often slow to include contemporary design and planning methods into their daily work, the research illustrates how the incorporation of skills and knowledge acquired as part of university education can be effectively incorporated into everyday design and planning.
series journal
last changed 2010/09/06 06:02

_id cf2011_p110
id cf2011_p110
authors Mcmeel, Dermott
year 2011
title I think Therefore i-Phone: The influence of Pervasive Media on Collaboration and Multi-Disciplinary Group Work
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 69-84.
summary The study of value and its transfer during the multi-disciplinary process of design is stable fodder for research; an entire issue of Design Studies has been devoted to Values in the Design Process. By scrutinising design meetings Dantec (2009) and Ball (2009) separately examine the mechanisms of value transfer between the agents involved in design (clients, designers, engineers). Dantec suggests this is best understood in terms of requirement, values and narrative; Ball proposes it should be viewed as a combination of "analogical reasoning" and "environmental simulation". If we look at Vitruvius and his primary architectural manual (Pollio 1960) we find values‚Äîin the form of firmitas, utilitas and venustas‚Äîembedded in this early codification of architectural practice. However, as much current research is restricted to design practice what occurs when value frameworks move between domains of cultural activity (such as design to construction and vice-versa) is not privileged with a comparably sizable body of research. This paper is concerned with the ongoing usage of pervasive media and cellular phones within communications and value transfer across the disciplinary threshold of design and construction. Through participation in a building project we analyse the subtleties of interaction between analogue communication such as sketches and digitally sponsored communication such as e-mail and mobile phone usage. Analysing the communications between the designer and builder during construction suggests it is also a creative process and the distinctions between design and construction processes are complex and often blurred. This work provides an observational basis for understanding mobile computing as a dynamic ‚Äòtuning‚Äô device‚Äîas hypothesized by Richard Coyne (2010)‚Äîthat ameliorates the brittleness of communication between different disciplines. A follow up study deploys ‚Äòdigital fieldnotes‚Äô (dfn) a bespoke iPhone application designed to test further suppositions regarding the influence exerted upon group working by mobile computing. Within collaboration individual communiqu_©s have different levels of importance depending on the specific topic of discussion and the contributing participant. This project furthers the earlier study; expanding upon what mobile computing is and enabling us to infer how these emergent devices affect collaboration. Findings from these two investigations suggest that the synchronous and asynchronous clamour of analogue and digital tools that surround design and construction are not exclusively inefficiencies or disruptions to be expunged. Observational evidence suggests they may provide contingency and continue to have value attending to the relationship between static components‚Äîand the avoidance of failure‚Äîwithin a complex system such as design and construction.
keywords collaboration, design, mobile computing, digital media
series CAAD Futures
email d.mcmeel@auckland.ac.nz
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id acadia09_66
id acadia09_66
authors Menges, Achim
year 2009
title Performative Wood: Integral Computational Design for Timber Constructions
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 66-74
summary Wood differs from most building materials in that it is a naturally grown biological tissue. Thus wood displays significant differentiation in its material makeup and structure as compared to most industrially produced, isotropic materials. Upon closer examination wood can be described as an anisotropic natural fiber system with different material characteristics and related behavior in different directions relative to the main grain orientation. Because of its differentiated internal capillary structure wood is also hygroscopic. It absorbs and releases moisture in exchange with the environment and these fluctuations cause differential dimensional changes. In architectural history the inherent heterogeneity of wood and the related more complex material characteristics have been mainly understood as a major deficiency by the related crafts, timber industry, engineers and architects alike. This paper will present an alternative design approach and associated computational design tools that aim at understanding wood’s differentiated material make up as its major capacity rather than a deficiency. Along two design experiments the related research on an integral computational design approach towards unfolding wood’s intrinsic material characteristics and performative capacity will be discussed. The first experiment explores the anisotropic characteristics of wood by exploiting the differential bending behavior in relation to the local induction of forces through which a specific overall morphology can be achieved. The second experiment focuses on the hygroscopic property of wood as the base for developing a surface structure that responds to changes in relative humidity with no need for any additional electronic or mechanical control.
keywords Wood, materiality, prototype, performance, responsive design
series ACADIA
type Normal paper
email achim.menges@icd.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id cf2009_poster_13
id cf2009_poster_13
authors Mueller, Volker
year 2009
title Concept design tool requirements: Developing a Framework for Concept Design Tool Specifications
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009 CD-Rom
summary Early design phases generate high project value with relatively little effort. However, digital tools supporting integrated concept design at a high knowledge level are scarce. Research has focused on specific aspects of design tools yielding focused and disjoint insights. An actionable requirements framework will allow assembly of research results into a meaningful, comprehensive concept design tool set and will reveal gaps which will help identify further research opportunities.
keywords Concept design, digital tools, affordance, building performance
series CAAD Futures
type poster
email volker.mueller@sbcglobal.net
last changed 2009/07/08 20:12

_id ecaade2009_169
id ecaade2009_169
authors Narahara, Taro
year 2009
title Bottom-up Design Inspired by Evolutionary Dynamics: Adaptable Growth Model for Architecture
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 391-398
summary Development of flexible and adaptable architecture has been a perennial theme among practitioners. Design of universal subunits that could tolerate technological, environmental, and circumstantial changes over time is a challenge. In this paper, I would like to introduce several generative design strategies inspired by ideas from evolutionary dynamics and discuss potential benefits of the methods for designs of emerging future building types.
wos WOS:000334282200047
keywords Evolutionary dynamics, bottom-up design, DLA
series eCAADe
email narahara@gsd.harvard.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia09_245
id acadia09_245
authors Niemeijer, Remco; de Vries, Bauke; Beetz, Jakob
year 2009
title One Size Fits None: A User Interface for Constraint-Based Design
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 245-247
summary Flexible mass customization of buildings is still in its infancy. Current systems for the automated support of ownerdriven configuration management are limited with regard to the degree of freedom they offer to end-users, due to the lack of an easy way to specify those freedoms. In this paper we present the prototype of an interface that allows architects to define constraints to which user-customized dwellings must conform.
series ACADIA
type Short paper
email R.A.Niemeijer@tue.nl
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id caadria2009_067
id caadria2009_067
authors Nilkaew, Piyaboon
year 2009
title The Study of Building Management by using 3D Digital Modeling and Database: ABFM
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 235-243
summary The principal objective of building management is to control facilities planning and facilities operations and maintenance, that effective criteria in strategic planning about preventive maintenance and predictive maintenance. The key of success in managing the building and facilities is all about collecting and interpreting data on diverse facets of property use. Computer databases are the ideal vehicles in which to log, store and manipulate data; almost unlimited information can be measured and entered en masse. The strength of such information storage is its capacity for expansion and the diversity of subject; it becomes large and requires greater and greater operator familiarity with its structure in order to interrogate successfully. The ultimate solution is to computer–base the entire operation, by using the three-dimensional building modelling to control the operation. This solution will simulate building in virtual environment and the building system data (Architectural part and Engineering part) will collect in digital data type. The digital data will classification and made three-dimensional database relations. This research focus in three sections of the operation as three-dimensional database relationship, topological simulation and smart system, that applied to generate the prototype building management application “Architecture Building Facilities Management: ABFM”.
keywords Building management; facilities management; 3D database; smart system
series CAADRIA
email tuan@mail.arc.cmu.ac.th
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2009_095
id ecaade2009_095
authors Noriega, Farid Mokhtar; Fynn, JohnD.; McDonald-Rissanen, Mary
year 2009
title UNITALKS: A Blended Learning Platform for University Specific Foreign Language Training for Architecture Students
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 349-356
summary The objective of the UNITALKS project is to develop a blended e-learning solution for foreign language training adapted to the university environment and to careers in architecture and building construction. Based on the VoiceForum project, an Internet or Intranet based platform, the approach aims to create an immersive task-based collaborative learning environment incorporating certain free software tools including a wiki repository where students and tutors can interactively and creatively enrich their learning community with new resources. UNITALKS is forward-looking in its recognition of the social as well as the technological dimension of an effective learning strategy and innovative in its approach to designing discipline-specific content tailored in a staged process to support maximum learner engagement and full operational ability in the professional context.
wos WOS:000334282200042
keywords Education, mobility, task-based approach, blended learning, learning communities
series eCAADe
email fmokhtar@ucjc.edu, John.FYNN@univ-bpclermont.fr, Mary.McDonald-Rissanen@uta.fi
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia09_194
id acadia09_194
authors Oesterle, Silvan
year 2009
title Cultural Performance in Robotic Timber Construction
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 194-200
summary In the research presented in this paper, we investigate the architectonic potential of additive digital fabrication in timber construction through robotic processes. The goal of the project was to learn from traditional building techniques and to translate the cultural knowledge about performance requirements such as constructive weather protection and structure for today’s tools and digital design systems.
keywords Robot, fabrication, prototype, history, parametric design, wood
series ACADIA
type Normal paper
email silvano@student.ethz.ch
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id caadria2009_145
id caadria2009_145
authors Oesterle, Silvan
year 2009
title Performance As A Design Driver in Robotic Timber Construction
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 663-671
summary In the research project presented in this paper we investigate the architectonic and constructive potential of additive digital fabrication in timber construction through robotic processes as well as the relation of functional requirements of an exterior wooden wall to design. Form finding through performance analysis is of great interest for architects. With advanced digital fabrication technologies at hand it is possible to produce articulate building elements. This can be exploited to analyze and transform performance criteria into architectural expression. We argue that functional requirements and formal characteristics are interdependent. To allow performance criteria drive the generative parameters of design, custom software tools need to be developed which impart physical aspects of building elements to digital design models.
keywords Digital fabrication: design performance; robotic construction; timber wall
series CAADRIA
email oesterle@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia09_75
id acadia09_75
authors Ottevaere, Olivier; Hanna, Sean
year 2009
title Quasi-Projection: Aperiodic Concrete Formwork for Perceived Surface Complexity
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 75-81
summary Aperiodic tiling patterns result in endlessly varied local configurations of a limited set of basic polygons, and as such may be used to economically produce non-repeating, complex forms from a minimal set of modular elements. Several well-known tilings, such as by Penrose (2D) and Danzer (3D), have been used in architecture, but these are only two examples of an infinite set of possible tilings that can be generated by the projection in two or three dimensions of high-dimensional grids subject to rotations. This paper proposes an interface that enables the user to parametrically search for such tilings. Assembly rules are explained by which arbitrary geometry as specified by NURBS surfaces may be based on the pattern to form a non-repeating complex surface. As an example, the fabrication in concrete of a cylindrical tiling is used to demonstrate the mass production of a continuous, free-flowing structure with the aid of a minimum amount of formwork.
keywords Quasicrystals, aperiodic tiling, strip projection method, assembly rules, tangential continuity, formwork, modularity
series ACADIA
type Normal paper
email olivier@multiplystudio.com
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id acadia09_122
id acadia09_122
authors Oxman, Neri
year 2009
title Material-Based Design Computation: Tiling Behavior
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 122-129
summary From natural objects to man-made artifacts, tiling is all around us: it is the act of rationalizing highly complex form by breaking it up into smaller, continuous components. If well pursued, tiled objects can be easily designed and assembled. However, a geometric-centric view of tiling, whereby a predefined form determines the shape, size, and organization of tiles, has victimized the field of digital design. This paper questions the role of tiling as rationalizing method and offers an alternative theoretical framework and technical grounding for tiling behavior: the act of generation-through-tessellation informed by material behavior. The tools developed are implemented in the design of a 3D-printed chaise lounge, using multiple materials. The technical objective is to introduce a quantitative characterization and analysis of property mapping, as it is applied to a tiling algorithm using Voronoi cell tessellation. The network of tessellated Voronoi cells is used as an element in the Voronoi Finite Element Method (V-FEM) that the author developed. Various characterization functions and geometric parameters are generated, and V-FEM is executed for plane-strain analysis of doubly curved surfaces, from which global and local responses are evaluated.
keywords Tessellation, tiling, Voronoi, Algorithmic design
series ACADIA
type Normal paper
email nerioxman@gmail.com
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id ijac20097308
id ijac20097308
authors Penttila, Hannu
year 2009
title Services in Digital Design: new visions for AEC-field collaboration
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 3, 459-478
summary The objective of this paper is to describe contemporary digital building design from a service provider aspect. The constrained framework of this work is digital architectural design practice. When design is seen in the context of the AEC field, a process oriented approach is commonly used in describing collaboration and evolutionary progress of the design work as a project. Design projects are scheduled chains of activities which result in design delivery or actual physical buildings as the end products of the project. Recently developments in building information modelling (BIM) have presented fundamentally new ways for collecting, exploring, and sharing design information. This study develops the novel digital approach: BIM as design services. The key finding of the study is that parts of the design domain can be described as services in the changing digital environment. The scientific contribution of this paper is in describing contemporary digital design practice with an alternative service approach. A framework for such services is also presented. This work will expand the authors' contribution to research on preliminary architectural design using building information models.
series journal
last changed 2009/10/20 06:02

_id acadia09_174
id acadia09_174
authors Peters, Brady
year 2009
title Parametric Acoustic Surfaces
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 174-181
summary Acoustics are important performance criteria for architecture; however, architects rarely consider them, except, perhaps, when designing concert halls. Architectural spaces can be said to perform well or poorly in terms of their acoustic qualities. By altering the geometry or material characteristics of the surfaces within a room in specific ways, the acoustics can be controlled. Once the geometric rules governing these acoustic alterations are understood, these rules can be encoded into a CAD system through parametric modeling or the use of computer programming. The architectural designer can then generate acoustically regulating surfaces according to desired performance criteria. In this way, acoustic engineering links to architectural design, and allows architectural design to become acoustically performance-driven. This paper considers three primary types of acoustic surfaces: absorbers, resonators, and diffusers. complex surfaces that combine these three performance characteristics in different ways are proposed.
keywords Acoustic design, geometry, materiality, scripting
series ACADIA
type Normal paper
email bradypeters@warpmail.net
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

For more results click below:

show page 0show page 1show page 2show page 3this is page 4show page 5show page 6show page 7show page 8show page 9... show page 28HOMELOGIN (you are user _anon_364715 from group guest) CUMINCAD Papers Powered by SciX Open Publishing Services 1.002