CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 81 to 100 of 278

_id 506b
id 506b
authors Christenson, Mike
year 2009
title Testing the relevance of parameterization to architectural epistemology
source Architectural Science Review, Volume 52.2: 135-141
summary Advances in building information modeling (BIM) deeply impact the production of new architecture; its benefits are obvious and its acceptance widespread. But how does BIM impact the study of existing architecture? Can BIM be assumed to operate as a neutral framework, equally applicable to the study of architecture anywhere? Using as a point of departure a recent outline of the conceptual structure of parametric modeling prepared by Sacks, Eastman, and Lee (2004), this paper compares parametric models of two existing works of architecture: Mies van der Rohe’s Crown Hall and Peter Zumthor’s St. Benedict Chapel. The processes of parametrically modeling each building are specifically compared in two ways: first, parameters are established for each model; second, each model is "flexed" as a means of disclosing possible semantic relationships within each work of architecture. Because each building demands a different parameter-establishment strategy, and because the models permit different degrees of flexibility, the comparison illustrates the shortcomings of a "neutral framework" assumption to an architectural epistemology.
keywords Existing architecture, Parametric modeling, Representation
series journal paper
type normal paper
email mike.christenson@ndsu.edu
more http://www.earthscanjournals.com/asre/052/asre0520135.htm
last changed 2009/06/18 12:24

_id acadia09_267
id acadia09_267
authors Christenson, Mike
year 2009
title On the Use of Occlusion Maps to Examine Additions to Existing Buildings
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 267-269
summary This paper discusses occlusion maps, or diagrams of isovists deployed in a plan field, which graphically describe an inhabitant’s position-dependent perception of a building’s visual permeability. Occlusion maps are shown here to be an important tool for analyzing the effect that additions to existing buildings have on this perception. The question is critical because additions invariably affect the visual permeability of their host buildings.
series ACADIA
type Short paper
email michael.a.christenson@gmail.com
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id sigradi2009_834
id sigradi2009_834
authors Correia, Maria João Felgueiras Teixeira Machado; Cristina Caramelo Gomes
year 2009
title ICT as generators of a new paradigm in architecture – humanism and scale
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary Despite the global and universal characteristics of nowadays’ society, the new information and communication technologies, seem, in paradox, to direct Architecture to growing individualism, shown in the nervous search for each one’s form. This path seems to end up in cities filled up with iconic buildings with no respect neither for the consolidated built environment, nor for the human being. Known as an innovation tools, with huge power and able to make all the visionary and utopian projects become real seem to further Architecture away from its humanist basis. The architect, selfish and egocentric, dives deep into his own craziness, in an era where the new technologies allow everything. If boundaries are not established, a new architectural paradigm is anticipated, where all the individualisms live but that the individual cannot inhabit, and where the innovation seems to enter in conflict with built heritage.
keywords ICT; form; expressionism; individualism; humanism
series SIGRADI
email m_joao_correia@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id sigradi2009_673
id sigradi2009_673
authors Costa, Fernando José de Medeiros; Marcelo Bezerra de Melo Tinôco
year 2009
title O Uso de Maquetes e Modelos Geométricos Tridimensionais no Ensino de Arquitetura e Urbanismo [The use of 3D geometric models for teaching architecture and urban planning]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This research analyzes how schools of architecture in Brazil has responded to technological advances in the field of three-dimensional geometric modeling to support research activity and enhance education
keywords Scale models; geometric models; rapid prototyping; architectureand planning
series SIGRADI
email fcosta@ufrnet.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id sigradi2009_1044
id sigradi2009_1044
authors Cruz, Débora Melo; Gabriela Celani
year 2009
title A influência de Frank Lloyd Wright sobre João Batista Vilanova Artigas – uma análise formal [The Influence of Frank Lloyd Wright on João Batista Vilanova Artigas - A Formal Analysis]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This study intends to propose a new use of the shape grammar: verify the influence of a certain architect’s language over another architect’s language. Some Brazilian modern architecture critics suggest the existence of an influence of Wright’s prairie houses over Artigas’ early work, but the methods used to reach to this conclusion are always empirical and not very objective. The present work aims to confirm this influence in a more rational manner, comparing Wright’s prairie houses grammar developed by Koning and Eizenberg (1981) to Artigas’ first phase grammar that will developed in this work.
keywords Gramática da forma; F. L. Wright; J. V. Artigas
series SIGRADI
email debora_cruz@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id ascaad2009_tellef_dannevig
id ascaad2009_tellef_dannevig
authors Dannevig, Tellef; Jostein Akre Thorvaldsen and Ramzi Hassan
year 2009
title Immersive Virtual Reality in Landscape Planning
source Digitizing Architecture: Formalization and Content [4th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2009) / ISBN 978-99901-06-77-0], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 11-12 May 2009, pp. 349-364
summary In Norway there has been an increased focus on participatory planning the latter years. The public is now supposed to be included in the planning process. The documents which the public have access to usually consists of the project`s technical drawings. In some cases, the documents include perspective drawing or computer rendering supplied by the stakeholder. Most affected parties are non professional in terms of planning, and have little or no experience dealing with the plans. Therefore, the information they rely on most cases is the perspective images, which easily can be manipulated. A system that enables all parties engaged in the planning process to visualize planning scenarios in a much realistic way is therefore needed. Virtual Reality is a tool that enables the viewer to move freely in a three dimensional digital environment. In this virtual world, different levels of interactivity can be added. The Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB) has recently installed a new immersive Virtual Reality system based on the idea of ConCave theatre. This research study is making use of the new ConCave theatre in order to test whether VR can be used as an enhancement of the communication process between professionals and amateurs and between professionals. By presenting digital models of different level of detail to two subject groups consisting of students with planning background and two groups without such experience we first investigated perception in an immersive VR-environment.
series ASCAAD
email tellef.dannevig@asplanviak.no
last changed 2009/06/30 06:12

_id ecaade2009_152
id ecaade2009_152
authors de Godoi, Giovana; Celani, Gabriela
year 2009
title Shape Grammars and Historical Town Renovations: A Case Study in Monte Alegre Do Sul
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 237-242
wos WOS:000334282200029
summary Shape grammars have been used in architecture for analysis and synthesis - in the first case, mainly for the characterization of styles and in the later for the generation of novel compositions. The present research proposes the use of shape grammars for establishing guidelines for the requalification of historical areas that have lost their original characteristics due to improper renovations. In order to develop and test the proposed method, a study was carried out in a small Brazilian town called Monte Alegre do Sul. The town was chosen because its original urban morphology, developed in the XIXth century, is still relatively well preserved, although part of the original façades have been transformed. The objective of the research is to develop a shape grammar to set guidelines for the requalification of the already renovated façades in Monte Alegre do Sul.
keywords Façades, generative design systems, rule-based design, shape grammar
series eCAADe
email giovanagodoi@yahoo.com.br, celani@fec.unicamp.br
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia09_201
id acadia09_201
authors De Kestelier, Xavier; Buswell, Richard
year 2009
title A Digital Design Environment for Large- Scale Rapid Manufacturing
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 201-208
summary Innovation in architectural design often follows technological innovation. This innovation can often be related to advances in construction techniques or design tools. This paper focuses on the development of a digital design environment for a new manufacturing process that can produce large architectural components. The design environment can be customized so that it incorporates both the flexibility and the constraints of the construction technology, such that the components produced maximize the core concept of the technology. Rapid Prototyping is a mature technology that has been around for 25 years in the manufacturing and product design industries. It is used primarily to speed up the product design cycle time from concept to physical realization for evaluation; it is now gaining a foothold in contemporary architectural practice. A number of protagonists are taking the Rapid Prototyping concept a stage further by developing large-scale processes capable of printing architectural components; there are even claims of the ability to produce whole buildings. These processes will give the architect a new palette of choice in terms of component design, and promise similar levels of geometric freedom as the Rapid Prototyping counterparts.
keywords Rapid prototyping, fabrication, hardware, concrete printing
series ACADIA
type Normal paper
email xdekeste@fosterandpartners.com
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id ijac20097405
id ijac20097405
authors Derix, Christian
year 2009
title In-Between Architecture Computation
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 4, 565-586
summary In-Between Architecture Computation describes the evolution of the Computational Design approach at the AedasR&D Computational Design and Research group founded in 2004 at Aedas architects in London. The approach has transformed itself from an academic inspired thinking about computing media to a more flexible model of design heuristics and search algorithms that finally start to produce new hybrid design workflows in the industry while also swimming against the industry trend of super-integration software. Only if computing is not exclusively defined through architectural design intent or purely computing logic, does computational design explore new design thinking.
series journal
last changed 2010/09/06 06:02

_id ascaad2009_danilo_di_mascio
id ascaad2009_danilo_di_mascio
authors Di Mascio, Danilo
year 2009
title Digital Reconstruction and Analysis of Turchinio’s Trabocco: A method of digital reconstruction of a complex structure as a way to improve our knowledge of a cultural heritage artifact
source Digitizing Architecture: Formalization and Content [4th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2009) / ISBN 978-99901-06-77-0], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 11-12 May 2009, pp. 177-189
summary The aim of the following paper is to show a method of digital reconstruction and analysis of an important artifact pertaining to the Abruzzo cultural heritage, the ‘trabocco’. In fact recent software for graphics and architecture, such as CAD, graphics editor, and those dedicated to three-dimensional modeling and rendering are tools that open new opportunities in the study of cultural heritage artifacts, The more the complexity of the object to study, the more the advantages for their use. A formal and structural complexity characterize the trabocchi, pile constructions typical of the Abruzzo coast, that go back to the middle of XVII century and the subject of this study is the trabocco of Punta Turchinio, the most famous and complex of the coast. Among the digital reconstruction’s objectives there are: Increase the knowledge of the ‘trabocco’ and generate a series of information necessary to define and manage a recovery plan; to study more deeply the technologic decomposition of the four main sub-systems with related abacus of the technological elements and create static and animated graphics restitutions such as renderings and animations to understand some spatial and formal characteristics.
series ASCAAD
email ddimascio@danarchitect.com
last changed 2009/06/30 06:12

_id ecaade2011_127
id ecaade2011_127
authors Di Mascio, Danilo; Palka, Pierpaolo
year 2011
title From the 3D survey “ad Oggetto” to the technological representation of the architecture: The case study of Caporciano
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.829-836
wos WOS:000335665500095
summary In this paper we are to present a research, still in progress, whose main objective is the desire to develop and test an alternative method of surveying, representing and analyzing buildings that are part of a minor historical-artistic heritage. The instruments used and the proposed methodology want to give an alternative to other solutions such as 3D laser scanners and photogrammetry, which would be not only expensive, but also difficult to use in small and irregular spaces, typical of the old Italian villages. The case study that will be presented is Caporciano, a small medieval village in Abruzzo (a region at the centre of Italy), in the internal area of the region affected by a violent earth quake in 2009. This tragic event has put the spotlights on the problems and the fragility of these small villages, which represent an important local resource of cultural importance, and therefore must be preserved for the future generation. In order to properly act in these areas, it is necessary to thoroughly know the actions to be taken for its recovery or conservation, and the present methodology allows the creation of this knowledge made up of several drawings, both two-dimensional and three-dimensional.
keywords 3D survey; cultural heritage; 3d modeling; CAD; Abruzzo region
series eCAADe
email ddimascio@danarchitect.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2009_025
id ecaade2009_025
authors Dounas, Theodoros; Sigalas, Alexandros
year 2009
title Blender, an Open Source Design Tool: Advances and Integration in the Architectural Production Pipeline
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 737-744
wos WOS:000334282200089
summary We examine an open source 3d suite of tools called blender, as a tool for architectural design. The unique features of blender are examined in terms of ease of use and integrated nature since blender incorporates a simulation engine and a game engine that can be used creatively in the design process. The unique data structure of Blender is examined with the features and work flow that this structure brings in the design process. Also a simple comparison is made between Blender and 3ds max in terms of features and workflow as visualization tools together with an assessment of a two year seminar that took place in the Department of Architecture, in Volos Greece.
keywords Integrated design, open source cad
series eCAADe
email dounas@gmail.com, alxarch@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia09_105
id acadia09_105
authors Drozdowski, Ziggy; Gupta, Shawn
year 2009
title Adaptive Fritting as Case Exploration for Adaptivity in Architecture
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 105-109
summary This paper explores the incentive, design process, and realization of an adaptable building system. Hoberman Associates’ installation at the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University, Adaptive Fritting, is used as a case study for the more general thesis of mechanism design in architecture. Traditionally seen as expensive and impractical, ‘movement’ in buildings can be accessible if done with high economy and simple elegance. The goal of this example is to illustrate the design process, challenges, constraints and parameters required to realize an adaptable architectural system.
keywords Adaptable design, fabrication, prototyping, solar shading
series ACADIA
type Normal paper
email shawn.gupta@burohappold.com
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id acadia09_18
id acadia09_18
authors d’Estrée Sterk, Tristan
year 2009
title Introduction: Thoughts for Gen X-Speculating about the Rise of Continuous Measurement in Architecture
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 18-22
summary We are here, in Chicago, not to talk about what we know, but what we do not know. We are here to share ideas and to speculate about what the world might look like if it were challenged, rethought, and rebuilt. We are here to uncover, piece by piece, a sense of our own ambitions for an architecture influenced by today but motivated by tomorrow. We are all speculators and dreamers. We find places for dreaming in our work, our models, our essays, our lectures, our research, and our teaching. Through these activities we speculate on the architecture of tomorrow. Sometimes these speculations hold great promise, while at other times they do not – certainly much of what we do can be improved, refined, qualified, quantified, and genuinely benefit from being computed. This could be horrifying; it could set the scene for an engineered architecture if we do not adapt.But architecture is changing and responding to very fresh and different ways of thinking. As a movement, young architects are questioning their inheritance and establishing new values, new methods, and new forms of practice. We might best think of these young architects as the Generation X of architecture – a generation who shapes discourse through technological, social, and environmental lenses. From its smallest technical process to its highest level of thought, this conference represents the spirit of this movement.
keywords Introduction, Measurement, dynamic design
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email tsterk@orambra.com
last changed 2010/02/04 17:40

_id acadia09_000
id acadia09_000
authors d’Estrée Sterk, Tristan; Loveridge Russell and Pancoast, Douglas (eds.)
year 2009
title ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow
source Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) [ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009)
summary With the world turning its eyes to a new tomorrow and America reshaping and greening its infrastructure, The School of The Art Institute of Chicago, Department of Architecture, Interior Architecture and Designed Objects, is proud to host "reForm()" -- A conference that explores how architects, engineers, artists and designers are using new HARDWARE, SOFTWARE and MIDDLEWARE technologies to transform the ways in which buildings and spaces perform, act and operate. Set in the heart of Chicago, a city with a legacy of innovation in design and building technology, ACADIA09 provides a unique forum for the examination of emerging research and design in today's building and design professions.
series ACADIA
type short paper
email tsterk@orambra.com
last changed 2009/11/26 16:49

_id cf2009_585
id cf2009_585
authors E. Swarts, Matthew; A. Sheward, Hugo
year 2009
title Using multi-level virtual environments as a medium for conducting design review through a shared IFC dataset
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 585- 597
summary For a long time the Architecture-Engineering-Construction (AEC) community has had difficulty in communicating the content of their work, not only the various specialties involved, but also to their clients. Studies (Doorst and Cross 2001; Bakhtin 1994) suggest the importance of multi-role collaborative environments in supporting design processes. We are developing a Multi Level Design Review Tool for the AEC industry which allows multiple actors to congregate and interact as agents around a central Building Model. It merges real-time virtual 3D visualization technologies with Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) to support both high levels of semantic content and seamless interoperability.
keywords Design review, virtual environment, interoperability
series CAAD Futures
email matthew.swarts@coa.gatech.edu
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id ecaade2009_070
id ecaade2009_070
authors Ediz, Özgür
year 2009
title “Improvising” Architecture: A Fractal Based Approach
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 593-598
wos WOS:000334282200071
summary In this study, a computational, generative design model is investigated in the context of an approach based on improvising in architectural design. This approach asks the question: “How can fractals be used in the architectural design process?” The initial focus is the similarity between the architectural design process and musical improvisation. This is informative because improvisation in the design process can aid in developing numerous design alternatives. An understanding of improvisation in jazz music is particularly relevant for the architectural design process.
keywords Generative design, fractal-based design, computational architectural design, improvisation, jazz music
series eCAADe
email ozgurediz@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2009_093
id ecaade2009_093
authors Elkær, Tim Nøhr
year 2009
title Using Computers to Aid Creativity in the Early Stages of Design – or Not!: Rehabilitating the 2D/3D physical representation in Computer-Aided-Ideation
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 761-768
wos WOS:000334282200092
summary The introduction of Rapid Prototyping technology such as 3D printers and diverse Numerically Controlled machines such as laser cutters and milling machines, has made it obvious for many educational institutions, that a paradigm shift is occurring these years, that will forever change the design- and architectural practice, - for better or worse. This paper discusses the current change of role and status of the representation as a means to communicate design in the digital era. It outlines two opposite directions for the development of software technology, and brings forward previous and current research, on the didactic aspects of introducing digital software into the curriculum of architecture and design education. The paper describes a workshop held at the Danish Design School, where students proficient in using digital media, were challenged to use analogue models instead, to rediscover and utilize some of the creative potentials offered by this medium. Two other workshops discussing similar themes with different foci and different participants have been held since. One hosted by the Glass & Ceramic School on Bornholm, where the students are trained as traditional Craftsmen and another hosted by Nordes2009 at AHO in Oslo, where the participants came with a background in the research community. My own research interest lies in establishing or refueling a discussion on the importance of the ambiguity in a physical representation, as opposed to the finite interpretations offered by the digital modeling environment, that the profession is accustomed to work within. This interest has recently been confirmed and renewed by reading “The (soft) Architecture Machine(s)” from 1970+75 and by studying the works of Professor Julio Bermudez and Professor Bennett Neiman.
keywords Ideation, representation, ambiguity, heuristics, design education
series eCAADe
email tim.elkaer@dkds.dk, erazmataz@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2009_097
id ecaade2009_097
authors Estévez, Alberto T.
year 2009
title Biodigital Architecture
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 681-686
wos WOS:000334282200082
summary The latest biological and digital technologies offer new possibilities and benefits for the production of new architecture: There is vast potential in the natural world if we work with DNA as though it were natural software, and in the digital realm if we work with software as though it were digital DNA. Pioneers in these fields converge in the Biodigital Architecture Master’s Degree, with the Genetic Architectures Research Group and Ph.D. Programme, at the ESARQ (Universitat Internacional de Catalunya), in Barcelona. The purpose of this paper is to put forward the theoretical basis and some of the research carried out to date.
keywords Biodigital, architecture, genetics, biology, digital
series eCAADe
email estevez@uic.es
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2009_993
id sigradi2009_993
authors Fernandes da Costa, Ana Lúcia Reis Melo;
year 2009
title Anastilose Digital da Arquitetura Vernácula em Madeira, dos Barracões da Borracha no Rio Acre – Amazônia Ocidental Brasileira – 1870 a 1910 [Digital anastilosi of vernacular architecture in wooden huts of rubber tappers in the Acre river - Western Brazilian Amazon - 1870 to 1910]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary Discusses the difficulties in (re)compose in digital form (digital anastilosi) the vernacular architecture of the wooden huts of the Amazon rubber Acreana through imagistic and literary documents in the period from 1870 to 1910. The trading of rubber are the cores of settlement have been established to collect the latex from Hevea brasiliensis (Muell.Arg., 1865), for industrial purposes, along the Amazonian rivers in the mid-nineteenth century. Currently there are fragments in the ruins scattered in rural areas or urban entwined in the meshes of cities along the river Acre.
keywords anastilose digital; arquitetura; vernacular; madeira; amazônia
series SIGRADI
email anaconda2004@uol.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:51

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