CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id sigradi2009_1195
id sigradi2009_1195
authors Stewart, Tonya; Kevin Sweet
year 2009
title Advanced Praxis: Synthesizing Digital and Craft in Design
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary Digital fabrication practices have allowed for a level of exactitude and precision unattainable by the designer’s hand. While the design community has benefited tremendously from developments in technology, certain qualities reflective of craft have been lost as a result of the overwhelming dependency on computer-based processes. In order to reinvigorate a sense of craft and personal expression into design, modalities of education must evolve to incorporate these characteristics with contemporary digital techniques. By combining craft, digital tools and collaborative efforts a new breed of designer will emerge – one that finds a personal voice in a globalized world. This paper outlines these issues as they were explored in an experimental design studio that focused on the integration of craft with digital fabrication methods that included both students of graphic design and architecture.
keywords digital fabrication; cross-disciplinary; design pedagogy
series SIGRADI
email tstewart@aus.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id sigradi2009_911
id sigradi2009_911
authors Teixeira, Fábio Gonçalves; Sérgio Leandro dos Santos
year 2009
title VirtusCADE, um Sistema para o Design Virtual de Produtos [VirtusCADE, A system for virtual design of products]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The knowledge of latest technology that allows the development of competitive products in reduced times is crucial to guarantee a sustainable growth of the national industry. This work presents the development of a computational system for the Virtual Design of products, the VirtusCADE, which is a CAD/CAE interactive software (Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Engineering). The VirtusCADE includes 3D geometric modeling of surfaces and solids and mesh generation. The system uses the parametric modeling of surfaces, including algorithms for determination of intersection between surfaces and for triangular mesh generation in trimmed parametric surfaces. The graphical interface is interactive and allows the direct real time manipulation of objects (lines, surfaces and solids) in 3D using the OpenGL technology. The system prioritizes the usability, implementing several graphic tools that facilitate the manipulation in 3D. The VirtusCADE contemplates the structural simulation through the Finite Element Method. The code architecture is based on oriented object programming, which allows great scaling capability for the implementation of new tools. This project has great applicability in numerical simulation of physical phenomena, such structural analysis of buildings, vehicles parts, with impact in the industries of civil construction, metal-mechanics, aerospatial, naval and automotive.
keywords Virtual Design; Geometric modeling; Finite elements
series SIGRADI
email fabiogt@ufrgs.br
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id acadia13_109
id acadia13_109
authors Thün, Geoffrey; Velikov, Kathy
year 2013
title Adaptation as a Framework for Reconsidering High-Performance Residential Design: A Case Study
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 109-118
summary This paper outlines an approach to adaptive residential design explored through recent research and an executed prototype, the North House project (2007-2009), undertaken through an interdisciplinary collaboration of researchers and students from the University of Waterloo, Ryerson University and Simon Fraser University in concert with professional and industry partners. This project aimed to develop a framework for the delivery of adaptive detached residential buildings capable of net-zero energy performance in the temperate climate zone, or the near north. Within this project, the term “adaptive” is developed across several tracts of conceptualization and execution including site and climatically derived models for building material composition and envelope ratios, environmentally-responsive kinetic envelope components, intelligent HVAC controls and interactive interface design aimed at producing co-evolutionary behaviors between building systems and inhabitants. A provisional definition of adaptive architecture is outlined to address this range of considerations that calls into question the stable image of domestic architecture and its relationship to energy and contemporary assumptions regarding sustainable design. This paper also outlines computational approaches to design optimization, distributed building systems integration and the human-controls interfaces applicable to the home’s ecology of physical and information technologies.
keywords next generation technology, responsive buildings, high performance envelopes, sensing and feedback, passive and active systems, energy modeling, user interface
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email kvelikov@umich.edu
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

_id ecaade2013_187
id ecaade2013_187
authors Tompson, Tim and Haeusler, M. Hank
year 2013
title Investigating Tools for Multi-Stakeholder Decision Making to Improve the Spatial Performance in Transport Interchanges
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 233-242
summary Public transport interchanges often involve several stakeholders for planning and decision-making. As a result complexity leads to inefficient processes, leading to indecision, disruption, or costly delays. Consequently, the paper focuses on the application of tools for navigation and prioritization of opportunities in the need finding, fuzzy-front end, or mystery phase as introduced by Martin (2009). The paper outlines in a case study how a multi-stakeholder platform can progress from complete ambiguity in project definition through to clearly defined and understood projects that have a shared intent across the multi-stakeholder platform. These tools have been applied in a public transport context, by demonstrating the process of integrating digital innovation into various stakeholders through a participatory research process. The paper introduces the research background; discusses the hypothesis; outlines the case study; emphasizes its significance for multi-stakeholder decision-making and discusses the opportunities for the built environment.
wos WOS:000340635300024
keywords Participatory design; soft-systems methodology; multi-stakeholder; urban planning; transport environment.
series eCAADe
email t.tompson@unsw.edu.au
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2009_194
id ecaade2009_194
authors Tong, Togan; Aydin, Erdal Devrim; Pusat, S. Emre
year 2009
title Animation vs. Simulation
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 803-808
summary In his book “Cinema as an Art”, Rudolf Arnheim states that cinema (art) cannot achieve to realize the mechanical reproduction of the real (nature) because of technical limitations but also states that these limitations are compulsory for the production of art. According to Arnheim, these limitations cause artists to interpret the real (nature) and to materialize impressive expressions. Architecture presents its productions to its viewers (customers) using some kind of media, before materializing them in the physical world. The most common ones nowadays are technical drawings (perspectives), models, photographs and computer aided models and animations. The architect makes impressive expressions based on the technical limitations of the medium he/she uses. With the computer technology, simulation gives possibilities to the architect for presenting and experiencing his/her art very close to reality. Simulation is the best way to reproduce the reality mechanically, when it is compared to other mediums. In this study, simulation’s potential as an architectural presentation technique is examined through Arnheim’s vision and Rembrandt’s painting “Staalmeesters”.
wos WOS:000334282200098
keywords Simulation, animation, architectural presentation, interactivity
series eCAADe
email ttong@yildiz.edu.tr, eaydin@yildiz.edu.tr, sepusat@yildiz.edu.tr
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2009_021
id cf2009_021
authors Yehuda, Kalay
year 2009
title The impact of information technology on architectural design in the 21st century
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 21-34
summary Architecture uses technology to achieve certain functional, cultural, social, economic, and other goals. In turn, technology transforms the discipline. Information technologies promise to change design processes, practices, and products. The first uses of computing in the service of architecture have been rather timid, mimicking older practices. This is changing rapidly: new design and evaluation tools allow architects to imagine new building forms, more responsive (and environmentally more responsible) buildings, even radically new types of environments that blend physical with virtual space. Understanding and shaping this transformation are the basis of architectural design research and education in the 21st century.
keywords Architectural design, built environment, computer aided design, design practice
series CAAD Futures
email kalay@berkeley.edu
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id ecaade2009_055
id ecaade2009_055
authors Gholipour, Vida; Bignon, Jean-Claude; Guimaraes, Laure Morel
year 2009
title Eco-Models: Modeling of a Digital Tool to Design Sustainable Buildings
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 551-558
summary The demand for up-to-date information and design ‘tools’ to help architects design more sustainable buildings is rapidly expanding. This demand has led to use various ecological assessment tools as support tools for the design process. The absence of adequate tools, which contribute to early stages, as well as the additional costs of tardy modifications, has led us to propose an eco-design support tool. This tool is based on a methodology named “Eco-Model (EM) Method” that focuses on the ecological approaches of a building. This method proposes to consider environmental friendly solutions from the first sketches by proposing a number of micro-solutions, called here Eco-Model or “EM”. Subsequently, the study presents the first contour of software based on an EM approach. Thus, the various actors of the design team will be able to browse the useful information for their green projects and so collaborate to optimize the building design.
wos WOS:000334282200066
keywords Eco-Models, sustainable buildings, design support
series eCAADe
email vida.gholipour@ensgsi.inpl-nancy.fr, laure.morel@ensgsi.inpl-nancy.fr, jean-claude.bignon@crai.archi
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac20097404
id ijac20097404
authors Achten, Henri H.
year 2009
title Experimental Design Methods - A Review
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 4, 505-534
summary Experimental design methods are applied in all phases of the design process and by almost every party involved in the design process. In this paper, we aim to give an overview of the background, applications, and technologies involved. A limited simple metric is introduced for assessing the degree of innovation. Future developments are outlined.
series journal
last changed 2010/09/06 06:02

_id sigradi2009_1000
id sigradi2009_1000
authors Albuquerque, Mércia de Assis; Mônica Moura
year 2009
title O Design de Informação na Web 2.0: A interface Resultante de uma Construção Coletiva [Design Information Web 2.0: the interface result of a collective construction]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary We will address the challenges of design information in designing interfaces and functional dynamics considering a content part of the collaboration of users whose commitment to the project reaches various levels. The use of a well-structured iconography and the availability of help, shortcuts and tutorials are some of the resources already exploited, however, there is still room for reflection on the use of visuals and sounds aimed at facilitating the navigability on such projects. Here are some important details that must be considered by examining models of existing applications.
keywords Design; Information; Interface; Hypermedia
series SIGRADI
email mercia.assis@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id acadia09_252
id acadia09_252
authors Baker, William; Beghini, Alessandro; Carrion, Juan; Tort, Cenk
year 2009
title Scripting for a New Architecture: Studies in Structural Optimization
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 252-254
summary This paper describes how scripting has been successfully used by structural engineers at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP (SOM) to rediscover, apply, and develop several tools for structural optimization. Some of these methods are described in this paper for applications to high-rise buildings and long-span roof structures
series ACADIA
type Short paper
email william.baker@som.com
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id sigradi2012_57
id sigradi2012_57
authors Barros, Diana Rodríguez; Mandagarán, María
year 2012
title Información interconectada, curación colectiva y experiencias de usuario: El caso de la red social Pinterest [Interconnected information, collective curation and user experiences: the case of Pinterest social network]
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 167-170
summary We present exploratory studies about 2.0 web applications linked to renewed collective curatorial activities. In particular we focus on Pinterest application, which collectively generates collection spaces centered in a strong both image and digital graphic presence. We analyze practices related to User Experience Design, which refer to all the factors linked to Interface Design, and produce positive or negative perception of the application. We use the Shedroff model (2009) exploring dimensional categories about significance, duration, amplitude, intensity, interaction and triggers or experience releasers.
keywords Diseño; Interfaces; Curación colectiva; Experiencias de Usuario
series SIGRADI
email dianarodriguezbarros@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id cf2009_poster_41
id cf2009_poster_41
authors Boeykens, Stefan and Herman Neuckermans
year 2009
title Visual Programming in Architecture: Should Architects Be Trained As Programmers?
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009 CD-Rom
summary Most commercial CAAD applications have online communities of end users, through blogs, discussion forums and learning portals. On many occasions, questions lead to the conclusion that the software can only provide the desired functionality using scripting or programming, to fill in the gaps of the software feature set. However, more than once, people suggest that architects are not programmers and that they should not be responsible for adding this functionality. Similarly, when guiding students through some of their technical design studio problems, a comparable reaction is noticed. This is especially remarkable, considering the fact that these students had prior programming courses, as part of their Bachelor of Architecture curriculum.
keywords Programming, design process, interface, curriculum
series CAAD Futures
type poster
email Stefan.Boeykens@asro.kuleuven.ac.be
last changed 2009/08/21 05:40

_id cf2009_472
id cf2009_472
authors Ciblac, Thierry
year 2009
title L’analyse dimensionnelle comme aide à l’optimisation en phase de conception architecturale: applications à des cas de structures; Dimensional analysis as support toward optimization in architectural conception phase: applications to structural cases
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 472- 486
summary One of the research ways carried out in the ARIAM-LAREA laboratory aims at giving to architects computing tools for early evaluation of structures. A particular approach uses dimensional analysis and similitude properties in order to define parameter variation laws. Such laws are illustrated by analytical cases using the theory of strength of materials. For complex structures, a heuristic is proposed to give indications of parameter variation influence on mechanical behavior. Some applications are presented for early determination of structural size and limit values, using computations by finite element method.
keywords Structure, design, dimensional analysis, similitude
series CAAD Futures
email tciblac@paris-lavillette.archi.fr
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id caadria2009_073
id caadria2009_073
authors Dave, Bharat; Jules Moloney
year 2009
title Augmenting Time and Space in Design Inquiries
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 523-532
summary Our research revolves around developing applications of augmented reality technologies to support changing temporal contexts in architectural design. In order to ground this research in contemporary professional culture, we first undertook a structured data gathering exercise, analysis of which will inform development of new AR technologies and tools to support temporal visualisation of architectural designs. This paper reports on the first phase of this project in which we undertook extended conversations and documentation of 22 design offices that represent practices of varying sizes and competencies. The intention of this data collection exercise was to map out spectrum of design issues and representations that specifically revolve around changing temporal or spatial contexts in design. This paper reports collection and preliminary analysis of data intended for developing specifications of future AR applications.
keywords augmented reality; design representations; spatio-temporal design; contextual design
series CAADRIA
email b.dave@unimelb.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2009_191
id caadria2009_191
authors Kim, Mi Yun; Jin Won Choi
year 2009
title Classifying and Utilizing The Geo-Spatial Information in Smart City
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 327-335
summary It has been difficult to locate necessary information quickly in a complicated geo-spatial information network. Textual and numerical information is disadvantageous in that viewers may not have cognitive power and thus do not understand it properly. Besides, it is thought that a particular means is needed to obtain and to understand the information that we need in a given space. Therefore, this study posits that the geospatial information is complex in the construction of future oriented cities, and a new classification system is required for more effective information visualization. This paper also suggests a classification system of urban geo-spatial information and its possible applications as a way to reflect city dwellers’ opinion in city planning.
keywords Urban information classification; utilization; geo-spatial information; visualization; urban map
series CAADRIA
email michelle1014@yonsei.ac.kr
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2009_146
id ecaade2009_146
authors Liapi, Katherine; Kim, Jinman
year 2009
title Tensegrity Structures of Helical Shape: A Parametric Approach
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 53-58
summary Tensegrity grids composed of tensegrity units that form double layer cable nets of single or double curvature can find applications in architecture as surface structures. In this paper a parametric process for the geometric configuration and representation of double layer tensegrity structures of helical shape is discussed. Departing from the geometric construction process, an algorithm that facilitates the parametric description of helical tensegrity structures has been developed. The algorithm reflects the interdependence of all parameters involved in the design of helical tensegrity structures and has been integrated into a software application that enables the automatic generation of virtual models of helical configurations in a graphic environment.
wos WOS:000334282200005
keywords Modular tensegrity structures, helical surface structures, double layer tensegrity grids
series eCAADe
email kliapi@upatras.gr, jinmankim@alumni.utexas.net
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac20097409
id ijac20097409
authors Madkour, Yehia; Oliver Neumann; Halil Erhan
year 2009
title Programmatic Formation: Practical Applications of Parametric Design
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 4, 587-604
summary Programmatic Formation explores design as a responsive process. The study we present engages the complexity of the surroundings using parametric and generative design methods. It illustrates that responsiveness of designs can be achieved beyond geometric explorations. The parametric models can combine and respond simultaneously to design and its programmatic factors, such as performance-sensitive design-decisions, and constraints. We demonstrate this through a series of case studies for a housing tower. The studies explore the extent to which non-spatial parameters can be incorporated into spatial parametric dependencies in design. The results apply digital design and modeling, common to the curriculum of architecture schools, to the practical realm of building design and city planning. While practitioners are often slow to include contemporary design and planning methods into their daily work, the research illustrates how the incorporation of skills and knowledge acquired as part of university education can be effectively incorporated into everyday design and planning.
series journal
last changed 2010/09/06 06:02

_id ascaad2009_khaled_nassar
id ascaad2009_khaled_nassar
authors Nassar, Khaled
year 2009
title Beyond Distance: New criteria for spatial configuration of design
source Digitizing Architecture: Formalization and Content [4th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2009) / ISBN 978-99901-06-77-0], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 11-12 May 2009, pp. 17-28
summary Simple Euclidean distance has thus far been the dominating concept in analyzing architectural and urban spaces. This paper demonstrates that distances between spaces cannot be measured solely in terms of simple Euclidean Distance, but instead other kind of distances (e.g. City block, Chebyshev, Minkowski, Canberra distance or Angular separation) are shown to offer new meaningful insight into space and its denotation. Several issues are raised in light of these new measures such as how much are these measurement techniques influenced by what counts as "space"? In addition is there a difference between the physical distance and the human perception of distance? More importantly, how do these methods alter design or offer a new process of designing? Applications and analysis is applied to classical examples of architecture.
series ASCAAD
email knassar@aucegypt.edu
last changed 2009/06/30 06:12

_id sigradi2009_770
id sigradi2009_770
authors Paraizo, Rodrigo Cury
year 2009
title Representações do Lugar e do Território em Aplicativos de Patrimônio Virtual [Representations of place and territory in virtual heritage applications]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The reassessment of the concept of space under the light of related notions of territory and place, that is, space to which meaning has been added by individuals or institutions, shows that user engagement in virtual heritage applications could be improved by the representation of these symbolic aspects of space.
keywords Virtual heritage; place; games; hyperdocuments
series SIGRADI
email rparaizo@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:57

_id caadria2009_007
id caadria2009_007
authors Saeed, Ghousia; Andre Brown and Mike Knight
year 2009
title Location Awareness in a Mobile Architectural Guide
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 587-596
summary One of the core issues relating to the delivery of architectural information to mobile digital devices is the real-time location awareness. This paper describes the research on different computing and wireless techniques and technological systems for real-time navigation support and location based information delivery on a digital handheld device for a pedestrian user on the move. This work investigates the applications of GPS, WiFi, 2D barcode and NFC systems in a mobile city Architectural guide.
keywords City guide, real-time location awareness, GPS, 2D barcode, NFC
series CAADRIA
email ghousia_saeed23@hotmail.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

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