CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 121 to 140 of 572

_id sigradi2009_1089
id sigradi2009_1089
authors Santos, Eduardo Toledo
year 2009
title Building Information Modeling and Interoperability
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary Interoperability is the ability of two or more systems to exchange information. It is one of the pillars of BIM because the information contained in a BIM model needs to be exchanged to be useful. IFC is cited as the best option for achieving interoperability in Construction but, although several applications have been certified to be IFC-compliant, flawed exchanges are too common yet. Behind IFC, some other less known standards play an important role to make BIM interoperability a reality. Among them are IDM, MVD and IFD. This paper will briefly show how these standards take part in data exchange and discuss the reasons why AEC interoperability is still such an elusive goal.
keywords BIM; interoperability; IFC; IDM; IFD; MVD
series SIGRADI
email etoledo@usp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id acadia09_294
id acadia09_294
authors Swackhamer, Marc; Satterfield, Blair
year 2009
title Oswall (Open Source Wall): Rethinking Residential Wall Construction through Collaboration, Crowd Sourcing, and Iteration
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 294-297
summary Collaboration is essential to the kind of innovative, revolutionary, game-changing innovations necessary to improve our world. Oswall is a collaborative construction system that endeavors to leverage collaboration to make a game-changing leap forward. Oswall (Open Source Wall) is an experimental wall prototype that challenges conventional residential wall construction through an open, collaborative approach to material, fabrication, and installation methods. It proposes an “open source” construction platform in which third-party designers, engineers, scientists, or “do-it-yourselfers” can create, produce, market, and sell “applications” that are plugged into the wall.
keywords Open Source, prototype, fabrication
series ACADIA
type Short paper
email marcswack@gmail.com
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id ijac20097105
id ijac20097105
authors Walczak, Krzysztof
year 2009
title Modelling Behaviour of Configurable VR Applications
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 1, 77-103
summary Creation of complex behaviour-rich and meaningful content is one of the main difficulties that currently limit wide use of virtual reality technologies in everyday applications. To enable widespread use of VR applications new methods of content creation must be developed. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to designing behaviour-rich virtual reality applications, called Flex-VR. The approach enables building configurable VR applications, in which content can be easily created and modified by domain experts or even common users without knowledge about VR design and computer programming. The VR content is configured from reusable programmable content elements, called VR-Beans. Appearance and behaviour of the VR-Beans are controlled by scripts programmed in a novel high-level language, called VR-BML (Behaviour Modelling Language). The language enables specification of generic behaviours of objects that can be dynamically composed into virtual scenes. The paper introduces the Flex-VR component and content models, describes the VR-BML language and provides an example of a Flex-VR application in the cultural heritage domain.
series journal
last changed 2009/06/23 06:07

_id ijac20097207
id ijac20097207
authors Wang, Xiangyu
year 2009
title Augmented Reality in Architecture and Design: Potentials and Challenges for Application
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 2, 309-326
summary Recent advances in computer interface and hardware power have fostered Augmented Reality (AR) prototypes for various architecture and design applications. More intuitive visualization platforms are necessary for efficient use of digital information nowadays in the architecture and design industries. As a promising visualization platform to address this need, this paper introduces the concept and associated enabling technologies of AR and also presents a survey of its existing applications in the area of architecture and design. Another focus of the paper is to discuss how the identified key technical issues could potentially be addressed in the context of architecture and design applications.
series journal
last changed 2009/08/11 06:39

_id acadia09_30
id acadia09_30
authors Aish, Robert
year 2009
title Tools of Expression: Notation and Interaction for Design Computation
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 30-31
summary Design considers function, fabrication, and aesthetics collectively. Computation is beginning to affect the competitive dynamics of design. Using algorithms, designers are exploring forms that are essentially “undrawable,” even with advanced modeling and direct manipulation techniques. Determining the appropriate functional characteristics may require the application of increasingly complex structural- and environmental-performance analysis techniques. To realize physically a design may require further geometric analysis and rationalization, and the use of complex computer-controlled fabrication techniques.
keywords Design, Computation, Form Finding, Design logic
series ACADIA
type Keynote paper
email Robert.Aish@autodesk.com
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id ascaad2009_a_al_attili
id ascaad2009_a_al_attili
authors Al-Attili, A. and M. Androulaki
year 2009
title Architectural Abstraction and Representation: The embodied familiarity of digital space
source Digitizing Architecture: Formalization and Content [4th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2009) / ISBN 978-99901-06-77-0], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 11-12 May 2009, pp. 305-321
summary This paper argues that familiarity is the tool that enables the understanding of space abstraction and representation. Familiarity in this context is independent from embodied interaction, and is crudely based on the connection between the various similar images of space; in this particular case, virtual space. Our investigation into the nature of human interaction with space, its abstraction and its representation is based on the critical contrast between the outcomes of interaction with two virtual versions of a physical reality; the first version is a non-linear interactive graphical abstraction of the space where no assertions or indicators are given as to whether or not there is a relationship between the abstraction and its physical reality, whereas the second is a none-linear interactive 3D virtual environment clearly representing the physical space in question. The paper utilises qualitative methods of investigation in order to gain an insight into human embodied experience in space, its abstraction and representation.
series ASCAAD
email al-attili@ed.ac.uk
last changed 2009/06/30 06:12

_id ascaad2009_hussein_albotany
id ascaad2009_hussein_albotany
authors Albotany, Hussein S.
year 2009
title Development of Digital City Models Using 3d GIS
source Digitizing Architecture: Formalization and Content [4th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2009) / ISBN 978-99901-06-77-0], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 11-12 May 2009, pp. 409-418
summary “Digital city” is a copy of an actual city in the virtual space. It is expected to play an important role in urban planning, disaster simulation etc. Recent advanced remote sensing technologies, which are capable to quickly provide detailed information of city areas, ease the construction of 3D city models. Urbanization has evinced interest from a wide section of the society including experts, amateurs and novices. With the development and infrastructure initiatives mostly around the urban centers, the impacts of urbanization and sprawl would be on the environment and the natural resources. The research introduces an application of 3D GIS on Manama City.
series ASCAAD
email Archhussein77@yahoo.com
last changed 2009/06/30 06:12

_id sigradi2009_787
id sigradi2009_787
authors Alves, Andressa Schneider; José Luis Farinatti Aymone
year 2009
title A interface gráfica em um software para o encaixe de modelagens no design de vestuário [The graphical interface for a pattern fitting software in garment industry]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This article deals with the issue of pattern fitting and it is divided into two parts. The first part presents a developed software for rectangle fitting (regular items). The second part is intended to evaluate the usability of a garment industry commercial software that performs the pattern fitting for irregular items. From the assessment carried out and based on the initial software presented here, the interface and the features of new software applied to pattern fitting for irregular items will be developed.
keywords Design do Vestuário; Interface; Usabilidade; Packing; Cutting
series SIGRADI
email andressaschneideralves@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2009_775
id sigradi2009_775
authors Alves, Andressa Schneider; José Luis Farinatti Aymone
year 2009
title Modelagem 3D e animação para o desenvolvimento de um modelo virtual interativo em realidade virtual (VRML) na área de moda [3D modeling and animation for the development of an interactive virtual model in virtual reality (VRML) in fashion ]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This article describes the development of a project that combines modeling and animation of three-dimensional objects (virtual model, clothing, environment) in the software 3D Studio Max with VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language). The project allows various interactions between the user and the environment developed. The main interaction is the choice of clothing, in which different parts can be proven in the virtual model. The results can be applied to online sales, marketing strategies and 3D virtual simulation.
keywords Modelagem tridimensional; Animação; Realidade Virtual; Moda; Fashion Design
series SIGRADI
email andressaschneideralves@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2009_693
id sigradi2009_693
authors Alves, Gilfranco Medeiros
year 2009
title O desenho analógico e o desenho digital: a representação do projeto arquitetônico influenciado pelo uso do computador e as possíveis mudanças no proceso projetivo em arquitetura [Analogical design and digital design in architectural projects]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The use of specific computer softwares for architecture design have been analyzed and allowed researchers in this matter to consider a change in architectural creation method realizing new possibilities in the way they project. Based on our experience as architectural project teacher we can observe that more and more students project and present projects with their drawings produced by computer. This tools changing envolves other changings in the project manners as we can notice in some architects that dawn in contemporary scene. This study wants to understand this changings in the projecting practice of Architecture and Urbanism students, and architects.
keywords Design; Architectural Project; Digital Environment
series SIGRADI
email gilfranco@alvesetrujillo.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id caadria2009_021
id caadria2009_021
authors Ambrose, Michael A.
year 2009
title BIM and Comprehensive Design Studio Education
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 757-760
summary Building Information Modeling (BIM) has the potential to fundamentally alter the way composition, scale and abstraction are addressed in today’s comprehensive design studio by displacing the primacy of abstract conventions of representation with a methodology based on systems thinking and virtual simulation. BIM viewed as provocateur of design education provides great potential for the critical analysis of how architectural design is taught. The design studio project reflects new ways of teaching and addressing BIM methods and processes, and critically evaluating their effects and possibilities on architectural production.
keywords Education; design theory; design studies; animation
series CAADRIA
email ambrosem@umd.edu
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ascaad2009_michael_ambrose
id ascaad2009_michael_ambrose
authors Ambrose, Michael A.
year 2009
title Spatial and Temporal Sequence: Film, animation and design theory - toward a constructed morphology
source Digitizing Architecture: Formalization and Content [4th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2009) / ISBN 978-99901-06-77-0], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 11-12 May 2009, pp. 165-176
summary This paper presents an investigation of film, space, form and motion to expose issues of spatial perception. The objective is to use a brief moment of constructed moving imagery (a film scene) as the vehicle to develop a spatial/temporal sequence. The design research focuses on an examination of the procedure or process constructed by the director/cinematographer. The changing position of the camera continually changes the relationship of the frame to the viewed context. The project asks the student to interpret the spatial and temporal transformation, through the continual oscillation between foreground and background, in an effort to unravel the pretext of the singular point of view to reveal the intention of the filmmaker. The project discussed here focuses on a relationship between the projection of space in architectural representation and the production of space through complex geometries relative to temporal discontinuities and the way in which they agitate and alter one another. Drawing topological relationships between of the paths, or trajectories of movement, within a proposed scene of a film is the vehicle for investigation in this project. An event or configuration complete in itself, but forming part of the larger collection, is modelled and transformed to suggest various structural and temporal definitions with respect to spatial portrayal through the composition of time and the cinematic frame. In particular, spatial animation of a sequence of framed condition was to be explored in the development of a spatial episode.
series ASCAAD
email ambrosem@umd.edu
last changed 2009/06/30 06:12

_id sigradi2009_037
id sigradi2009_037
authors Aroztegui Massera, Carmen; Rodrigo García Alvarado; María Isabel López
year 2009
title El Storyboard y el Animatic en la Enseñanza del Proyecto de Arquitectura [Storyboarding and Animatics in Architectural Education]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This paper discusses the issues involved with the introduction of the storyboard and the animatic in a design studio exercise. Storyboards - sketches used in film planning -, and the animatic - basically a moving storyboard - allow the student to understand space within in the context of a narrative. The purpose of the exercise was to enable the expression of subjectively experienced space in an early stage of urban context analysis. Differently than the traditional approach to animation which results a camera traveling through a path, the exercise approached animation from the perspective of the stories about the place.
keywords storyboard; animatic; education; architecture studio
series SIGRADI
email aroztegui@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ijac20097306
id ijac20097306
authors Balakrishnan, Bimal; Kalisperis, Loukas N.
year 2009
title Design Visualization:A Media Effects Approach
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 3, 415-427
summary This paper proposes an integrative approach in the evaluative phase of the design process, incorporating concepts, methodologies and measurement strategies that are well established in media psychology. The paper suggests a variable-centered approach for conceptualizing visualization technologies and to evaluate their potential to simulate architectural experience. Psychophysiological measures are introduced to capture the affective component of the architectural experience facilitated by visualization tools such as virtual reality. These are important in order to empirically evaluate the experiential aspects of an architectural space through visualization. Ideas are illustrated with examples drawn from prior and ongoing research collaboration between an architectural visualization lab and a media effects research lab.
series journal
last changed 2009/10/20 06:02

_id ecaade2009_042
id ecaade2009_042
authors Barlieb, Christophe; Richter, Christoph; Greschner, Björn; Tamke, Martin
year 2009
title Whispering Wind: Digital Practice and the Sustainable Agenda
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 543-550
summary Low frequency noise generated by aircraft during pre-takeoff, takeoff, landing and post-landing operations equates to high levels of undesirable ground noise pollution. This phenomenon is gaining heightened popular interest among air transportation specialists and agencies as urban settlements and airports expand beyond post-war city limits to meet demands of the 21st Century. This paper highlights the advantages of employing digital tools in tight collaboration with academics and professionals at the early stages of the design process and revisits ancient architectural design strategies to arrive at more meaningful and sustainable architectural interventions.
wos WOS:000334282200065
keywords Acoustic, architecture, opensource, passive design, sustainability
series eCAADe
email c@barlieb.com, Christoph.Richter@TU-Berlin.de, greschner@cfd.tu-berlin.de, Martin.Tamke@karch.dk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2009_887
id sigradi2009_887
authors Barría Chateau, Hernán Alberto; Rodrigo García Alvarado; Cecilia Poblete Arrendondo
year 2009
title Anarquitectura Digital [Digital Anarchitecture]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This article reviews the work and the artistic and architectural context of the artist Gordon Matta-Clark. It checks the context as well as the urban and social conditions of his interventions, to place these works in contemporary culture. In particular this paper analyzes “Splitting”, Matta-Clark´s work that synthesizes his critical attitude to the Modern condition; using computational techniques of geometric modeling, visualization, graphics, digital manufacturing and structural analysis to explore and determine the formal rules and materials used by the artist to develop actions with significant spatial and social connotations.
keywords Anarchitecture; Modeling; Visualization; Digital Manufacturing; Structural Analysis
series SIGRADI
email hbarria@ubiobio.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2009_821
id sigradi2009_821
authors Beirão, José Nuno; Nuno Montenegro; Jorge Gil; José P. Duarte; Rudi Stouffs
year 2009
title The city as a street system: A street description for a city ontology
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The street system is an important component of the city ontology created for a generative urban design tool and should be able to integrate the many visions or interpretations that designers or other urban design agents may have about streets. This paper describes several characteristics of the street system, with its components organized into object classes which are the shape sets of algebras used by a generation module to generate street network representations that can be assessed by a GIS platform.
keywords Ontology; urban design; shape grammars; planning
series SIGRADI
email J.N.Beirao@tudelft.nl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ascaad2016_013
id ascaad2016_013
authors Belkis Öksüz, Elif
year 2016
title Parametricism for Urban Aesthetics - A flawless order behind chaos or an over-design of complexity
source Parametricism Vs. Materialism: Evolution of Digital Technologies for Development [8th ASCAAD Conference Proceedings ISBN 978-0-9955691-0-2] London (United Kingdom) 7-8 November 2016, pp. 105-112
summary Over the last decade, paradigm shifts in the philosophy of space-time relations, the change from space-time to spatio-temporality, caused significant changes in the design field, and introduced new variations and discourses for parametric approaches in architecture. Among all the discourses, parametricism is likely the most spectacular one. The founder of parametricism, Patrik Schumacher (2009) describes it as “a new style,” which has “the superior capacity to articulate programmatic complexity;” and “aesthetically, it is the elegance of ordered complexity in the sense of seamless fluidity.” In its theoretical background, Schumacher (2011) affiliates this style with the philosophy of autopoiesis, the philosophy that stands between making and becoming. Additionally, parametricism concerns not only the physical geometry in making of form; but also discusses the relational and causal aspects in becoming of form. In other words, it brings the aesthetic qualities in making through the topological intelligence behind becoming. Regarding that, parametricism seems an effective way of managing /creating complex topologies in form-related issues. However, when it comes to practice, there are some challenging points of parametricism in large-scale design studies. Thus, this work underlines that the dominance of elegance for urban planning has the potential of limiting the flexible and dynamic topology of the urban context, and objectifying the whole complex urban form as an over-designed product. For an aesthetic inquiry into urban parametricism, this paper highlights the challenging issues behind the aesthetic premises of parametricism at the urban design scale. For that, Kartal Master Plan Design Proposal by Zaha Hadid Architects (2006) will be discussed as an exemplary work.
series ASCAAD
email elifb8807@gmail.com
last changed 2017/05/25 11:31

_id cf2011_p127
id cf2011_p127
authors Benros, Deborah; Granadeiro Vasco, Duarte Jose, Knight Terry
year 2011
title Integrated Design and Building System for the Provision of Customized Housing: the Case of Post-Earthquake Haiti
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 247-264.
summary The paper proposes integrated design and building systems for the provision of sustainable customized housing. It advances previous work by applying a methodology to generate these systems from vernacular precedents. The methodology is based on the use of shape grammars to derive and encode a contemporary system from the precedents. The combined set of rules can be applied to generate housing solutions tailored to specific user and site contexts. The provision of housing to shelter the population affected by the 2010 Haiti earthquake illustrates the application of the methodology. A computer implementation is currently under development in C# using the BIM platform provided by Revit. The world experiences a sharp increase in population and a strong urbanization process. These phenomena call for the development of effective means to solve the resulting housing deficit. The response of the informal sector to the problem, which relies mainly on handcrafted processes, has resulted in an increase of urban slums in many of the big cities, which lack sanitary and spatial conditions. The formal sector has produced monotonous environments based on the idea of mass production that one size fits all, which fails to meet individual and cultural needs. We propose an alternative approach in which mass customization is used to produce planed environments that possess qualities found in historical settlements. Mass customization, a new paradigm emerging due to the technological developments of the last decades, combines the economy of scale of mass production and the aesthetics and functional qualities of customization. Mass customization of housing is defined as the provision of houses that respond to the context in which they are built. The conceptual model for the mass customization of housing used departs from the idea of a housing type, which is the combined result of three systems (Habraken, 1988) -- spatial, building system, and stylistic -- and it includes a design system, a production system, and a computer system (Duarte, 2001). In previous work, this conceptual model was tested by developing a computer system for existing design and building systems (Benr__s and Duarte, 2009). The current work advances it by developing new and original design, building, and computer systems for a particular context. The urgent need to build fast in the aftermath of catastrophes quite often overrides any cultural concerns. As a result, the shelters provided in such circumstances are indistinct and impersonal. However, taking individual and cultural aspects into account might lead to a better identification of the population with their new environment, thereby minimizing the rupture caused in their lives. As the methodology to develop new housing systems is based on the idea of architectural precedents, choosing existing vernacular housing as a precedent permits the incorporation of cultural aspects and facilitates an identification of people with the new housing. In the Haiti case study, we chose as a precedent a housetype called “gingerbread houses”, which includes a wide range of houses from wealthy to very humble ones. Although the proposed design system was inspired by these houses, it was decided to adopt a contemporary take. The methodology to devise the new type was based on two ideas: precedents and transformations in design. In architecture, the use of precedents provides designers with typical solutions for particular problems and it constitutes a departing point for a new design. In our case, the precedent is an existing housetype. It has been shown (Duarte, 2001) that a particular housetype can be encoded by a shape grammar (Stiny, 1980) forming a design system. Studies in shape grammars have shown that the evolution of one style into another can be described as the transformation of one shape grammar into another (Knight, 1994). The used methodology departs takes off from these ideas and it comprises the following steps (Duarte, 2008): (1) Selection of precedents, (2) Derivation of an archetype; (3) Listing of rules; (4) Derivation of designs; (5) Cataloguing of solutions; (6) Derivation of tailored solution.
keywords Mass customization, Housing, Building system, Sustainable construction, Life cycle energy consumption, Shape grammar
series CAAD Futures
email deborahbenros@gmail.com
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id sigradi2011_409
id sigradi2011_409
authors Bertoni, Griselda; De Monte, Andrea
year 2011
title Mediaciones perceptivas. Desafíos en la incorporación de la tecnología como instrumento potenciador del proceso de aprendizaje en el TCG [Perceptual mediation. Challenges in incorporating technology as a tool enhacing the learning process in the TCG]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 472-475
summary This work presents an introduction to current problems detected in the teaching and learning of perceptual and communication processes in front of the availability of disipositivos installed and digital media courses to students enrolled for Design and Architecture careers of our faculty. The same seeks to clarify a state of affairs to continue studies already carried out (Stipech 2004), (Bertero 2009), in relation to issues of representation in the design disciplines, while rehearsing possibilities updated theory and practice in the field of workshop.
series SIGRADI
email andreademonte@sdarquitectos.com.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

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