CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 561 to 577 of 577

_id ecaade2014_147
id ecaade2014_147
authors James Charlton and Markus Brune
year 2014
title Towards a dynamic evacuation system: developing methodologies to simulate the evacuation capabilities of subway stations in response to a terrorist attack with CBRNE weapons
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 109-118
wos WOS:000361384700010
summary Events in recent times have highlighted the vulnerability of underground public transportation to possible terrorist attacks. A key question therefore is how an evacuation can be accomplished from underground stations safely. The strategy “go up and take the nearest exit to the surface” might not be the best response. Evidence from the Daegu subway station fire in 2003, investigated by Tsujimoto (2003) and Jeon and Hong (2009) establish that smoke or toxic airborne substances from a terrorist attack tend to use the same direct routes used by the fleeing passengers and as result significant injuries or fatalities can occur. This study proposes the concept of a dynamic evacuation system which would guide subway users along safe routes. To test how this system may operate, the study discussed combines measurements from tracer gas experiments with climate measurements to establish how toxic agents spread in subway stations under certain conditions and combines these results with those from pedestrian simulations applied to calculate evacuation times for possible escape routes. By integrating the resulting dataset from these methods, an evidence base of how a dynamic evacuation system may work can start to form.
keywords Pedestrian simulation, subway climatology; cbrne; subway evacuation; tracer gas experiments
series eCAADe
email j.charlton@northumbria.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 5ad3
id 5ad3
authors Karandinou, Anastasia; Parker, Martin
year 2009
title Sound fields; experiencing the unrepresentable
source 6th AHRA Conference, 20-21 Nov. 2009
summary This paper explores the intangible aspects of space through a series of soundmappings that took place in Edinburgh and Athens between 2006-08. One of our main conclusions is that sound is a rich and provocative tool for exploring space, due to the fact that it reveals qualities and information that a visual representation wouldn’t had been able to. A significant remark we made is that the exploration of space through sound does not predetermine the findings; we did not pose questions about pre-decided aspects of the places under investigation. On the contrary, within each different environment, the study of sound brought out different kinds of information. We also realized, that the experience of sound of a place lies in the tension between our attempt to grasp, and possibly map it, and the fact that sound – and atmosphere in general – naturally resists these endeavours.
keywords sound, atmosphere, new media, mapping
series other
type paper session
email a.karandinou@gmail.com
more http://ddm.caad.ed.ac.uk/pgpages/s0567213/SoundWebsites/index.html
last changed 2010/08/13 05:00

_id cf2009_700
id cf2009_700
authors Lee, Juhyun; Song, Jeong Hwa and Oh, Kunsoo
year 2009
title RFID applications in a building project
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 700- 712
summary As a new paradigm for construction in the ubiquitous era, IT Technology like RFID is an emerging issue in the building industry. For the purpose of RFID technology application in the building industry, this research suggests the Information Lifecycle Management using RFID technology in apartment building project and deals with the context-aware scenario for RFID technology application. The final objective of the research intends to develop the RFID application for the construction industry. From the tagging nodes at the material manufacture stage to the reading nodes at the end stage of the construction process, the flow of the RFID information deals with the synthetic application connecting physical construction material with electronic RFID information for the management. Furthermore, we suggest how to systematize, distribute and manage the construction material with the Information Lifecycle Management.
keywords RFID, management, material, scenario, lifecycle
series CAAD Futures
email theteam21@msn.com
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id cf2009_533
id cf2009_533
authors Tahrani, Souha; Moreau, Guillaume
year 2009
title La perception de l’espace urbain par la réalité virtuelle; Perception of urban space through virtual reality
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 533- 546
summary Urban environment is a “sensible” space; it can manifest itself to our senses through the process of perception. The comprehension of the relation between man and his environment requires a study of spatial perception and its modes of interpretation. This paper proposes to study the perception by using the Virtual Reality (VR) technologies as a tool of qualitative analysis. The study presents an exploratory analysis of visual perception in a real urban path and its virtual modeling. It shows the potentials of virtual environments in the qualitative assessment of urban spaces.
keywords Perception, virtual reality, mental image, urban space
series CAAD Futures
email souha.tahrani@gmail.com
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id cf2009_poster_31
id cf2009_poster_31
authors Tan, Beng-Kiang and Stephen Lim Tsung Yee
year 2009
title Place-Making In Online Virtual Envionment: The Case Of Second Life
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009 CD-Rom
summary With Internet bandwidth becoming better and more affordable, coupled with rapid advancement in web technology, multiuser online 3D virtual environments have become a reality and increasingly popular. One such world, Second Life (launched in 2003), has 2.3 million “residents” living in their virtual platform as of January 2007. The residents “live”, work and play there. They also socialize in public spaces inside this virtual environment.
keywords Virtual world, virtual environment, second life, place
series CAAD Futures
type poster
last changed 2009/07/08 20:12

_id cf2009_poster_39
id cf2009_poster_39
authors Wang, Chung-Yang
year 2009
title The Modular Units of CAD/CAM Fabrication
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009 CD-Rom
summary After Frank O’Gehry’s completion of the fish sculpture in Barcelona, the technique of CAD/CAM fabrication has gradually matured. Designers could use computer to acquire the freedom of form without most restrictions. Typical CAD/CAM fabrication can precisely capture the sections of 3D (three-dimensional) freeform and output those contours into 2D (two-dimensional) structures by computer assistance (Kolarevic 2001; Groover and Emory 1984). In the procedure, due to the accurate output of frameworks, designers could realize the outlines of complicated forms in a low error way. After making frames, architects have to attach suitable skins on the structures according to different situations of form (Lim 2006). It is a traditional CAD/CAM fabrication which has established for a long time.
keywords CAD/CAM, Fabrication, Modular Units
series CAAD Futures
type poster
last changed 2009/08/21 05:39

_id cf2009_757
id cf2009_757
authors Yue, Kui; Krishnamurti, Ramesh and Grobler, François
year 2009
title Computation-friendly shape grammars: Detailed by a sub-framework over parametric 2D rectangular shapes
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 757- 770
summary NP-hardness of parametric subshape recognition for an arbitrary number of open terms is proven. Guided by this understanding of the complexity of subshape recognition, a framework for computation-friendly parametric shape grammar interpreters is proposed, which is further detailed by a sub-framework over parametric two-dimensional rectangular shapes. As both the proof of NP-hardness and rectangular sub-framework invoke elements in graph theory, the relationship between shape and graph grammars is also explored.
keywords Parametric subshape recognition, NP-hard, graph grammar
series CAAD Futures
email kyue@andrew.cmu.edu
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id sigradi2009_904
id sigradi2009_904
authors Castañe, Maria Dora; Carlos Tessier
year 2009
title Reconocimiento Patrimonial de Ciudad Intermedia Utilizando Base de Datos Espaciales, y Modelos Urbanos Virtuales [Heritage recognition of intermediate city - Using space data base, and virtual urban models]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This project advances in the research on the urban architectonic cultural heritage of one Buenos Aires intermediate city in order to obtain some lines of proposals on policies of action applied to the chosen city. It is taken as training center of MERCEDE’S city, located in the nor west of Buenos Aires province –Argentina. Within the project digital technological tools of three-dimensional modelling are used and their interphases of space bases with different representational levels of complexity 2d-3d-4d-5d, applied to the recognition and research of the cultural and urban architectonic heritage These would allow to qualify to facilitate other ways to research rescue and re-construct the city, for one better understanding of their present and past.
keywords Patrimonio; base de datos espaciales; urbanismo; hipermedios; preservación
series SIGRADI
email dcastane05@fibertel.com.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id sigradi2009_673
id sigradi2009_673
authors Costa, Fernando José de Medeiros; Marcelo Bezerra de Melo Tinôco
year 2009
title O Uso de Maquetes e Modelos Geométricos Tridimensionais no Ensino de Arquitetura e Urbanismo [The use of 3D geometric models for teaching architecture and urban planning]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This research analyzes how schools of architecture in Brazil has responded to technological advances in the field of three-dimensional geometric modeling to support research activity and enhance education
keywords Scale models; geometric models; rapid prototyping; architectureand planning
series SIGRADI
email fcosta@ufrnet.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id sigradi2009_1082
id sigradi2009_1082
authors Herrera, Pablo C.; Elia Saez Giraldez
year 2009
title Espacios Digitales de Escal Intermedia (EDEI) [Meso-scale Digital Spaces]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The base of informal urban settlements (slums) is housing, basic urban cell with both habitation and productive functions - tertiary, social and environmental. Intermediate spaces between housing and the city (the ground floor and the free space between the house and the street) become mediating mechanism between the individual and collective life, hence, urban tissue catalysts. New technologies get inserted in this intermediate scale through locutorios (premise offering public telephones and Internet connection), key spaces in social life.This scale between the house and the city allows proximity, accessibility, appropriation and identity, and shows rhe capacity of intermediate scale to absorve urban transformations.
keywords Barrios populares; asentamientos informales; locutorio; vivienda-semilla
series SIGRADI
type normal paper
email pablo@espaciosdigitales.org
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id sigradi2009_1202
id sigradi2009_1202
authors Hu, Osvaldo Ramos Tsan; Edson de Almeida Rego Barros; Paulo Alves Garcia
year 2009
title Uma experiência no ensino de Computação Gráfica em cursos de Ciência e Engenharia da Computação [An experience in teaching Graphics computing for courses of Science and Computer Engineering ]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The objective of this article is presenting the teaching methodology of the discipline Graphics Computing, that is used in the Computer Science and Computer Engineering courses and also describing the experience of producing, every six months, an animation festival, with the work produced by students.
keywords Graphics Computing; Learning; Computer Science; Engineering; POVRAY®
series SIGRADI
email oshu@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id sigradi2009_1180
id sigradi2009_1180
authors Neves, Isabel Clara
year 2009
title Aproximações da Arquitectura à Biologia: Levantamento interpretativo de experimentações contemporâneas [Biology approximations in Architecture: Interpretative survey of contemporary experiments]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary It is appropriate to investigate the potential analogies between architecture and biology enabled by the use of digital processes, thereby testing the effectiveness of the application of biological principles to the lifecycle of buildings. The aim of this paper is to understand the way architects integrate and develop different biological approaches to architecture, by mapping the present situation and identifying the trends for future developments. Three major approaches were identified: biomimetics, bionics and biotechnology. The use of biological knowledge and technology in architecture, could pave the way for solutions to current problems, such as energy shortage, climate change, and lifestyle diversity.
keywords Architecture; technology; biomimetics; bionics; biotechnology
series SIGRADI
email isineves@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:56

_id sigradi2009_770
id sigradi2009_770
authors Paraizo, Rodrigo Cury
year 2009
title Representações do Lugar e do Território em Aplicativos de Patrimônio Virtual [Representations of place and territory in virtual heritage applications]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The reassessment of the concept of space under the light of related notions of territory and place, that is, space to which meaning has been added by individuals or institutions, shows that user engagement in virtual heritage applications could be improved by the representation of these symbolic aspects of space.
keywords Virtual heritage; place; games; hyperdocuments
series SIGRADI
email rparaizo@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:57

_id sigradi2009_889
id sigradi2009_889
authors Sperling, David Moreno; Ruy Sardinha Lopes
year 2009
title Do Moderno ao Digital: Transição entre “Vanguardas”? [From Modern to Digital: transition between "vanguards"?]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This paper reflects, by means of the ideas of the philosopher Jacques Rancière, some possible transitions between the modern and the digital paradigms. It retrieves the notion of vanguard as an element for mediation, and with its re-signification by the term “digital”, intends to discuss about some correlations between the terms technics, aesthetics and politics that inhabit the digital horizon.
keywords modern; vanguard; digital; aesthetics; politics
series SIGRADI
email sperling@sc.usp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id cf2009_143
id cf2009_143
authors Tan, Beng-Kiang; Rahaman, Hafizur
year 2009
title Virtual heritage: Reality and criticism
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 143-156
summary Virtual environments which are culturally embedded are often categorized as ‘virtual heritage’. Emerging media and digital tools offer us the possibility to experience 3D virtually reconstructed historic sites as visitors, travelers or even as resident. Many critics have identified different issues that often inhibit widespread distribution and use of virtual heritage. However, these present criticisms are mostly focused on either the ‘process’ or the ‘product’ but do not consider ‘user’, i.e. the people using it. This paper attempts to identify and categorize various constraints through investigating present discourse of literature and presents ‘user’ as another inevitable factor to be considered for developing any virtual heritage environment.
keywords Virtual heritage, virtual environment, dissemination, user, interpretation
series CAAD Futures
email akitanbk@nus.edu.sg
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id cf2009_poster_37
id cf2009_poster_37
authors Chen, Tzu-Hao
year 2009
title Construction Improvements for the Making of Free-Form Glass Surfaces
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009 CD-Rom
summary The development of computer technology and new media in architecture has given new rise to the creativity of designers and lead architecture to new break through in construction. The making of CAD/CAM free-form structures, can be divided into the making of curved surfaces and the skeleton.
series CAAD Futures
type poster
last changed 2009/07/08 20:12

_id 6548
id 6548
authors Derix C and Coates P
year 2009
title Digital Masterplanning: Smart Solutions for Spatial Planning (SSSP)
source In The Complete UrbanBUZZ, Jualiana O’Rourke (ed), University College London Press, 2009
summary SSSP is exploring ways in which planners, policy makers, urban designers and computational designers can work together to generate and analyse masterplans using digital workflows.
keywords urban planning, digital workflow, pedestrian scale, generative morphology
series book
type normal paper
email christian.derix@aedas.com
last changed 2012/09/20 19:51

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