CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2010_156
id ecaade2010_156
authors Kobayashi, Yoshihiro; Grasso, Christopher J.; McDearmon, Michael J.
year 2010
title World16: Innovation and collaboration in VR technology
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.593-603
wos WOS:000340629400064
summary This paper outlines the work and organizational framework of World16, a working group of 16 professors from around the world that engage in collaborative research on virtual reality (VR) technologies. Because of the abundance of VR software and the resulting fragmentation of research efforts in this field, World16 shares knowledge and resources using a common software package. A common research platform facilitates the sharing of data and the coordination of research efforts among member professors spread around the world. In addition to the organizational practices of World16’s project management team, various tools and methods of sharing research are described. Additionally, World16’s major research projects are outlined as well as the successes and failures of working within a shared software platform. Lastly, future work and goals of World16 are discussed, including the marketing and commercialization of several computational tools created by member professors.
keywords Virtual Reality; 3D graphics; City modeling; Parametric modeling; International organization
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2010_003
id caadria2010_003
authors Vaughan, Josephine and Michael J. Ostwald
year 2010
title Refining a computational fractal method of analysis: testing Bovill’s architectural data
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 29-38
summary In 1996 Bovill applied Mandelbrot’s fractal method for calculating the approximate visual complexity of images to architecture. This method is one of only a limited number of quantifiable approaches to provide a measure of the relative complexity of an architectural form. However, the method has rarely been tested despite many scholars uncritically repeating Bovill’s conclusions. While Bovill’s original work was calculated manually, a software program, Archimage, is presently being developed by the authors as a tool to assist architectural designers and researchers to understand the visual complexity of building designs. The present research returns to Bovill’s original architectural data (elevations of famous buildings) and re-calculates the results published therein using Archimage and the commercial software Benoit. These results are then compvared with those produced by Bovill (1996) and Lorenz (2003), to determine if any consistency can be found between the sets. The level of consistency will assist in determining the validity of Bovill’s method and provide important data in the ongoing process to refine the Archimage software and the analytical method.
keywords Computational analysis tools; design analysis; visual complexity
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_022
id caadria2010_022
authors Ambrose, Michael A. and Lisa Lacharité-Lostritto
year 2010
title Representation in a time of re-presentation: design media processes in architectural education
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 229-238
summary This paper examines what is appropriate and valuable to include in architectural education in light of changing representational conventions and techniques. Architecture finds itself at a unique moment in time where the means of production for the profession, and indeed the entire discipline, are transforming and fundamentally undermine the existing models of education, production and understanding. The threat to architecture education is that architecture becomes learned techniques rather than a way of operating within a body of knowledge that grows and responds to its context. These digital media processes offer contemporary education new and challenging ways to communicate ideas, sometimes subverting the imperative for “drawing” as the representation does not refer to information in the abstract, but IS the information quite literally.
keywords Design education; design theory; digital design representation
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia10_263
id acadia10_263
authors Beaman, Michael Leighton; Bader, Stefan
year 2010
title Responsive Shading | Intelligent Façade Systems
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 263-270
summary As issues of sustainability gain traction for architects, methodologies for designing, analyzing, and calibrating design solutions have emerged as essential areas of research and development. A number of approaches have been pursued with regard to embedding data into the design process, most fall into one of two approaches to research. The first approach is to mediate environmental impact at the level of applied technology; the second alters building methods and material construction, generating efficient energy use. However, few approaches deal with the crafting of relationships between information and performance on an architectural level. We will examine an approach focused on understanding how crafting relationships between information and design can move architecture towards achieving sustainability. In developing this approach, we created a data-driven design methodology spanning from design inception to construction. Data-driven models, common in the fields of natural science, offer a method to generate and test a multiplicity of responsive solutions. By contextualizing the solutions generated, we were able design though a set of specific and controlled responses rather than as a singular solution. Information utilization requires a new kind of craft that moves beyond instances into relationships and offers performance sensitive issues in design a focused trajectory. We applied this method to the research and development of a responsive shading structure built in conjunction with a thermal testing lab for two test locations – Austin, Texas (Figure. 1 and 2) and Munich, Germany. The following paper chronicles the design and construction at the Texas site over an academic semester.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id 9eef
id 9eef
authors Christenson, Mike
year 2010
title Registering visual permeability in architecture: Isovists and occlusion maps in AutoLISP
source Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 37(6): 1128–1136
summary In this paper the design and execution of a simple AutoLISP routine for generating a map of plan isovists (in the sense of Benedikt) are discussed. Such a plan field of isovists is a registration of visibility from multiple station points within and around a building. More precisely, the plan field records the cumulative effect, over a spatial matrix, of occluded vision of a distant horizon. Thus, the plan field is termed an occlusion map. An occlusion map registers the effect which an observer's position in space has on their perception of architecture's visual permeability. Occlusion maps are shown here to be an important tool for comparing existing buildings in a historical sense and also as an effective design tool, particularly when an addition to an existing building is being contemplated, as an addition invariably affects the visual permeability of its host.
keywords AutoLISP, visibility, isovist
series journal paper
type normal paper
more doi:10.1068/b36076
last changed 2011/04/13 14:58

_id ecaade2010_192
id ecaade2010_192
authors Hansmeyer, Michael
year 2010
title From Mesh to Ornament: Subdivision as a generative system
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.285-293
wos WOS:000340629400030
summary This paper explores the use of subdivision algorithms for the production of three-dimensional ornament. In a first step, this paper presents modifications to the Catmull Clark and Doo Sabin processes’ weighting schemes. In a second step, it proposes how these modified processes can be applied specifically to the generation of ornament. It presents methods for specifying weights using parameters both intrinsic and extrinsic to the mesh. Strategies for working with both very uniform and more differentiated input meshes are considered.
keywords Subdivision; Ornament; Generative system
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2010_135
id ecaade2010_135
authors Knight, Michael W.; Brown, Andre G.P .
year 2010
title Increasing Design Reflection and Improving Feedback using Wikis
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.51-55
wos WOS:000340629400004
summary As architects and educators we are all aware that the methods by which we teach the subject of architecture, and particularly design studio, is different to other lecture based courses. With increasing institutional financial pressure coupled both with increasing student numbers and student expectation of quality feedback, the problems are compounded. Increasingly, we look to technology to provide the answers.
keywords Wiki; Design reflection; Pedagogy; Feedback
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2010_161
id ascaad2010_161
authors Loemker, Thorsten Michael
year 2010
title Design and Simulation of Textile Building Elements
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 161-170
summary In this paper we examine the use of textile building elements and investigate on their potential scope of application in architecture. Other than commonly used for spanned or tent-like structures we concentrate on the use of textiles for folded, crinkled and procumbent assemblies, as these seem to correspond much better with the textiles´ inherent properties. On closer examination of these properties it becomes obvious that fabric primarily exists in a loose, uneven and irregular physicality that can be adjusted and configured into different states that match specific criteria. That is why fabric is mainly used for covering, protecting or hiding objects, e.g. as apparel for people. Only at a second glance does one recognize that textiles can be used for many other purposes such as collecting, separating, filtering or even healing. Thus, in the first instance of this research we examined customary usages and classified them into different categories that aided us to further develop practical application areas for the architectural domain. Subsequently to the fact that the shape of a textile might alter under the influence of forces, the further focus of this research lied on the appraisal of digital simulation techniques and simulation engines to provide sophisticated instruments for the generation of the associated time-based geometric form of the fabric. External elements that might drive this deformation process such as wind, temperature, precipitation, as well as static and dynamic building components were considered in the simulation process in order to generate visual output of the corresponding shapes. Studies about bipartite materials that can control the deformation process and might lead the textile beyond its primary functionality conclude this work.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id ecaade2010_000
id ecaade2010_000
authors Schmitt, Gerhard; Hovestadt, Ludger; Van Gool, Luc; Bosché, Frédéric; Burkhard, Remo; Colemann, Suzanne; Halatsch, Jan; Hansmeyer, Michael; Konsorski-Lang, Silke; Kunze, Antje; Sehmi-Luck, Martina (eds.)
year 2010
source 28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings [ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2], ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, 904 p.
summary Future Cities – the title of the 2010 eCAADe Conference describes one of the major challenges of the 21st century. The conference theme is a logical evolution from previous years in that it expands the focus of interest from the building to larger scales and higher complexity. The conference contributions describe methods and instruments that were developed in the last three decades and apply them to city and territorial planning. The eCAADe proceedings demonstrate that CAAD research and education of the past prepared the ground for the future and for the increased responsibility of the CAAD community. The population of cities has developed worldwide from a minority to the majority. Cities are the largest, most complex and most dynamic man-made systems. As vibrant centres of cultural life and of mega events, they are engines that drive local and global economies. However, their growth was in the fewest cases determined by sustainability goals. As a result, contemporary metropolitan territories are often environmentally, socially and economically unsustainable entities placing increasing pressure on the surrounding rural areas. No longer do traditional methods support the planning and managing of large cities – these methods have reached their limits. Parallel to the revolution in the design of buildings, we need a radical re-thinking of the planning, design, development and management process of cities and urban-rural systems. Compared to buildings, urban and rural systems involve a much higher number of stakeholders and decision makers. We need to study and simulate the effects and side effects of urban-rural planning or re-development much earlier in the process than normally done today. The goal seems clear: the transformation of existing and the planning of new sustainable urban-rural systems. As ordering principles we can build on experiences with building architecture. Complexity, dynamics, scale, and the urban metabolism evolve as promising research and education areas.
series eCAADe
last changed 2010/08/24 07:32

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