CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 241 to 260 of 424

_id acadia10_286
id acadia10_286
authors Marble, Scott
year 2010
title Designing Design, Designing Assembly, Designing Industry
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 286-292
series ACADIA
type panel paper
email scott@marblefairbanks.com
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id 4d7d
id 4d7d
authors Marionyt Tyrone Marshall
year 2010
title HYGROSCOPIC CLIMATIC MODULATED BOUNDARIES: A Strategy for Differentiated Performance Using a Natural Circulative and Energy Captive Building Envelope in Hot and Moisture Rich Laden Air Environments
source Perkins+Will Research Journal, Vol 02.01, 41-53
summary The operation and construction of buildings account for almost half of the energy use in the United States. To meet global climate change targets, energy consumption of buildings in the long term must be reduced as well as carbon dioxide emissions. This article explores a theoretical building envelope that generates energy and produces water by drawing water vapor out of the air to deliver new sources of water; it lowers indoor humidity in hot and humid climates. The design in this model considers materiality, surface area and environmental conditions to influence build- ing form. The case in this article considers materials and systems application in the design of the building envelope. The hygroscopic building envelope design strategically senses varying conditions of concentration and density of moisture laden air to provide visual indications of its performance. It is a building skin that emulates biological processes by creating pressure differences and transferring energy in various forms.
keywords biomimetics, building envelope, building façade, computational design, computational control, humidity, hygroscopic, renewable resources
series journal paper
type normal paper
email tyrone.marshall@digitecture.org
more http://www.perkinswill.com/research/research-journal-vol.-02.01.html
last changed 2010/10/31 00:39

_id caadria2013_211
id caadria2013_211
authors Marqueto, Priscilla and Marcelo Tramontano
year 2013
title Among Ways of Living – Looking at Diversity from Cultural Actions and Digital Media
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 281-290
wos WOS:000351496100028
summary This paper presents reflections stemmed from a research that seeks to cast a gaze toward the diversity of ways of living in communities, starting from the interaction in communicational processes structured by digital means. This paper introduces findings on the possibilities of similarities between people of different groups in a community in hybrid instances, starting from cultural activities. Further explorations about the potential and qualifications of the use of digital media for this purpose will also be presented. The trials that comprise the object of reflection in this article took place and were only achievable for being part of a larger public policy project, funded by an important Brazilian research funding agency. The project has been in development since March 2010 by the research group of a recognized leading university and involves post-doctoral, doctoral and master researchers. Additionally, the project has partnership with various third sector institutions such as NGOs and collectives, as well as music bands and European universities. 
keywords Diversity, Ways of living, Digital media, Communities, Communication 
series CAADRIA
email marchetto@sc.usp.br
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2010_006
id caadria2010_006
authors Martens, Bob and Herbert Peter
year 2010
title Displacing the frontiers of reconstructed cultural heritage: representation of the non-existing within an urban context
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 63-72
summary Reconstruction work on more than twenty synagogues in Vienna has been ongoing for more than a decade. The fact that these sacred buildings no longer exist is a pivotal aspect in this undertaking. Research revealed archived material, however, which served as reliable basis for the reconstruction work. The paper focuses on the possibilities and limits of this exploration and discusses the long-term options for handling 3D models and the dissemination of results to a large audience. The appropriate illustration of spatial contexts is another aspect that has been explored. The publication of results in the form of a city guide is in line with the objective of conveying the reconstruction results to a large audience.
keywords Virtual reconstruction; 3D modelling; visual representation; urban context
series CAADRIA
type normal paper
email b.martens@tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id sigradi2010_334
id sigradi2010_334
authors Martin, Kathi; KoSeoul Hyeong_Seok
year 2010
title The Imaginative Fashion Experience
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 334-337
summary Symptomatic of a good deal of our education, design, manufacturing, and product delivery mechanisms still grounded in 20th century traditions, much of the variety of expertise required for development of the most effective digital tools remains distinct and non - collaborative. This report describes an application utilized in multi - cultural fashion design and cultural heritage projects that may fundamentally change how we experience fashion and alter the way we manufacture clothes, conserve cultural artifacts, and educate the next leaders of multidisciplinary areas.
keywords virtual clothing, digital cultural heritage, interdisciplinary design collaboration, multi cultural design collaboration
series SIGRADI
email martink@drexel.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id acadia10_73
id acadia10_73
authors Mathew, Anijo Punnen
year 2010
title Just in Place Learning: A Novel Framework for Employing Information in “Place” for Urban Learning Environments
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 73-80
summary Nineteenth century models of education and learning which dictate that information is passed on from teacher to apprentice :abstract in a closed classroom environment seem archaic to us, especially since so much of our experiences are constructed in the outside world. Advances in ubiquitous and calm computing; social and immersive media; and urban locative technologies now allow for embedding complex information into physical environments and thus open up possibilities for teachers to set up carefully tagged student engagements in the real world—in “places” where real scientific phenomena are happening and technological artifacts can be engaged with. However these models are seldom successful because they are employed without an understanding of changing paradigms of learning. In this paper, we look at several new developments in learning models and use them to develop Just in Place learning, a novel framework which harnesses embodiment, place, and the potential of new locative technologies to augment traditional practice-based learning. Just in Place learning provides new potential for teachers and students to engage with information in “place,” exploit the urban environment as the new classroom, and the built environment as a portal for situated learning.
keywords Urban computing, interactive environments, education, digital media learning
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email anijo@id.iit.edu
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id sigradi2010_304
id sigradi2010_304
authors Matos, Camila; Fideles Felipe; Ximenes Luciana; Gaspar Rebeca
year 2010
title Diagramas interativos: visualização e especulações sobre as dinâmicas urbanas [Interactive diagrams: visualization and speculation about urban dynamics]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 304-307
summary The main instrument of urban regulation in Brazil is the plano diretor. Currently, apart from serving as a legal document, it is also the sole means of representation of the rates, zones and boundaries that it determines. However, this representation has been inefficient and, given the need to include civil society in decision - making, it becomes imperative that the impact of decisions be reviewed and communicated. As an effort to solve this problem, we propose the creation of an interface that combines information design and GIS (geographic information systems) in the format of an interactive diagram.
keywords information design; urban planning; GIS; interactive diagram; social control
series SIGRADI
email camilamatosf@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id 2010
authors Maver, T.W.
year 1970
title A Theory of Architectural Design in Which the Role of the Computer is Identified
source Building Science, Vol 4, 199-207
series journal paper
email t.w.maver@strath.ac.uk
last changed 2003/06/02 13:00

_id cf2011_p110
id cf2011_p110
authors Mcmeel, Dermott
year 2011
title I think Therefore i-Phone: The influence of Pervasive Media on Collaboration and Multi-Disciplinary Group Work
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 69-84.
summary The study of value and its transfer during the multi-disciplinary process of design is stable fodder for research; an entire issue of Design Studies has been devoted to Values in the Design Process. By scrutinising design meetings Dantec (2009) and Ball (2009) separately examine the mechanisms of value transfer between the agents involved in design (clients, designers, engineers). Dantec suggests this is best understood in terms of requirement, values and narrative; Ball proposes it should be viewed as a combination of "analogical reasoning" and "environmental simulation". If we look at Vitruvius and his primary architectural manual (Pollio 1960) we find values‚Äîin the form of firmitas, utilitas and venustas‚Äîembedded in this early codification of architectural practice. However, as much current research is restricted to design practice what occurs when value frameworks move between domains of cultural activity (such as design to construction and vice-versa) is not privileged with a comparably sizable body of research. This paper is concerned with the ongoing usage of pervasive media and cellular phones within communications and value transfer across the disciplinary threshold of design and construction. Through participation in a building project we analyse the subtleties of interaction between analogue communication such as sketches and digitally sponsored communication such as e-mail and mobile phone usage. Analysing the communications between the designer and builder during construction suggests it is also a creative process and the distinctions between design and construction processes are complex and often blurred. This work provides an observational basis for understanding mobile computing as a dynamic ‚Äòtuning‚Äô device‚Äîas hypothesized by Richard Coyne (2010)‚Äîthat ameliorates the brittleness of communication between different disciplines. A follow up study deploys ‚Äòdigital fieldnotes‚Äô (dfn) a bespoke iPhone application designed to test further suppositions regarding the influence exerted upon group working by mobile computing. Within collaboration individual communiqu_©s have different levels of importance depending on the specific topic of discussion and the contributing participant. This project furthers the earlier study; expanding upon what mobile computing is and enabling us to infer how these emergent devices affect collaboration. Findings from these two investigations suggest that the synchronous and asynchronous clamour of analogue and digital tools that surround design and construction are not exclusively inefficiencies or disruptions to be expunged. Observational evidence suggests they may provide contingency and continue to have value attending to the relationship between static components‚Äîand the avoidance of failure‚Äîwithin a complex system such as design and construction.
keywords collaboration, design, mobile computing, digital media
series CAAD Futures
email d.mcmeel@auckland.ac.nz
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id sigradi2010_177
id sigradi2010_177
authors Medero, Rocha Isabel Amália
year 2010
title O projetista, a imagem e a informação na era digital [The designer: image and information in the digital age]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 177-180
summary This paper is based on the doctorate thesis of the author. It analyzes the interaction between designer, program, image and information in digital design, inquiring as to the role of the designer in design process and the participation of the people who enjoy the benefit of cyberspace and physical space.
keywords digital design process; design theory; architectural critical
series SIGRADI
email Isabel@portoweb.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id acadia10_49
id acadia10_49
authors Meier, Alexis
year 2010
title Computation against design? Toward a new logicocentrism in architecture
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 49-52
summary The purpose of this paper is to make apparent critical and theoretical aspects of the instrumentation of new technologies inside architectural processes. After twenty five years of “Choral Work” between architecture and post-structuralist philosophy superimposed together inside architectural processes, we now face a new technological era which seems to provide a new figure of authority by replacing logocentrism to mathematical logicocentrism. Everywhere, the “insemination” of computer by biogenetic algorithms and codification processes transform matter into a zoocentric paradigmatic system, which is supposed, by its internal “modulation,” to extend our potential of social dynamics into space. The goal of our demonstration will then be to examine new technical and theoretical strategies, in a way that the positivistic structure of computation can avoid a totalizing effect (that leading architecture under technological domination), but open up to an un-programmable (emergent) future far above “weaving” and calculated design.
series ACADIA
type panel paper
email alexis.meier@insa-strasbourg.fr
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id sigradi2010_173
id sigradi2010_173
authors Merlin, José Roberto
year 2010
title Instrumentos digitais na produção espacial: novas relações gesto, olhar, pensamento [Digital tools in space construction: new relationships between gestures, sight and thoughts]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 173-176
summary This work seeks to understand the creation of projects today given the radical changes in the relationships between the gestures, looks and thoughts of traditional architect due to the inclusion of digital technologies. Computers have been disseminated in architecture, leaving behind a phase of manually repeated drawing, and now reach all creative work by being able to insert the cultural characteristics of people through forms. This irreversible expansion has created the necessity for interdisciplinary study that generates a collective creative subject, whose work demands more respect for otherness and a sense of cooperation than individual intuition.
keywords architectural design; digital technologies; computer graphics; Creation in architecture; creativity
series SIGRADI
email jrmerlin@puc-campinas.edu.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id cf2011_p016
id cf2011_p016
authors Merrick, Kathryn; Gu Ning
year 2011
title Supporting Collective Intelligence for Design in Virtual Worlds: A Case Study of the Lego Universe
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 637-652.
summary Virtual worlds are multi-faceted technologies. Facets of virtual worlds include graphical simulation tools, communication, design and modelling tools, artificial intelligence, network structure, persistent object-oriented infrastructure, economy, governance and user presence and interaction. Recent studies (Merrick et al., 2010) and applications (Rosenman et al., 2006; Maher et al., 2006) have shown that the combination of design, modelling and communication tools, and artificial intelligence in virtual worlds makes them suitable platforms for supporting collaborative design, including human-human collaboration and human-computer co-creativity. Virtual worlds are also coming to be recognised as a platform for collective intelligence (Levy, 1997), a form of group intelligence that emerges from collaboration and competition among large numbers of individuals. Because of the close relationship between design, communication and virtual world technologies, there appears a strong possibility of using virtual worlds to harness collective intelligence for supporting upcoming “design challenges on a much larger scale as we become an increasingly global and technological society” (Maher et al, 2010), beyond the current support for small-scale collaborative design teams. Collaborative design is relatively well studied and is characterised by small-scale, carefully structured design teams, usually comprising design professionals with a good understanding of the design task at hand. All team members are generally motivated and have the skills required to structure the shared solution space and to complete the design task. In contrast, collective design (Maher et al, 2010) is characterised by a very large number of participants ranging from professional designers to design novices, who may need to be motivated to participate, whose contributions may not be directly utilised for design purposes, and who may need to learn some or all of the skills required to complete the task. Thus the facets of virtual worlds required to support collective design differ from those required to support collaborative design. Specifically, in addition to design, communication and artificial intelligence tools, various interpretive, mapping and educational tools together with appropriate motivational and reward systems may be required to inform, teach and motivate virtual world users to contribute and direct their inputs to desired design purposes. Many of these world facets are well understood by computer game developers, as level systems, quests or plot and achievement/reward systems. This suggests the possibility of drawing on or adapting computer gaming technologies as a basis for harnessing collective intelligence in design. Existing virtual worlds that permit open-ended design – such as Second Life and There – are not specifically game worlds as they do not have extensive level, quest and reward systems in the same way as game worlds like World of Warcraft or Ultima Online. As such, while Second Life and There demonstrate emergent design, they do not have the game-specific facets that focus users towards solving specific problems required for harnessing collective intelligence. However, a new massively multiplayer virtual world is soon to be released that combines open-ended design tools with levels, quests and achievement systems. This world is called Lego Universe (www.legouniverse.com). This paper presents technology spaces for the facets of virtual worlds that can contribute to the support of collective intelligence in design, including design and modelling tools, communication tools, artificial intelligence, level system, motivation, governance and other related facets. We discuss how these facets support the design, communication, motivational and educational requirements of collective intelligence applications. The paper concludes with a case study of Lego Universe, with reference to the technology spaces defined above. We evaluate the potential of this or similar tools to move design beyond the individual and small-scale design teams to harness large-scale collective intelligence. We also consider the types of design tasks that might best be addressed in this manner.
keywords collective intelligence, collective design, virtual worlds, computer games
series CAAD Futures
email k.merrick@adfa.edu.au
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id caadria2010_025
id caadria2010_025
authors Meyboom, Annalisa; Jerzy Wojtowicz and Greg Johnson
year 2010
title ROBO studio: towards architectronics
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 259-268
summary Contemporary architecture can be seen as a dynamic system that causes change to its environment, or even as system that can modify itself. Interactive or responsive environments are not totally new to architecture however the possibilities in architecture have only been lightly referred to. This interdisciplinary design studio, with mechatronics engineers and architects collaborating, explored possible applications with real world equipment, sensors and knowledge. Development of responsive architecture requires architects to have a fluency in sensors, actuators and their control system programming. New potential application of technologies requires a re-framing of what that technology could do in a different social application. Together these issues challenged architecture and engineering students in a collaborative design environment. The resulting projects – kinetic architecture on control systems – challenge our understanding of what our built environment could be.
keywords Architecture; mechatronics; robotics; kinematics; design
series CAADRIA
type normal paper
email meyboom@interchange.ubc.ca
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2010_043
id ecaade2010_043
authors Meyboom, AnnaLisa; Wojtowicz, Jerzy
year 2010
title Urban Infrastructure & Architectronics
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.133-141
wos WOS:000340629400014
summary The future of urban infrastructure is no doubt a future of control systems. An architecture that engages infrastructure can engage control systems to not only improve efficiency and mediate contested urban space but also to modifying spaces for different uses, buffer environmental factors and respond to occupation or use. The use of mechatronics in architecture requires interdisciplinary collaboration and an understanding of control systems, sensors and actuators. Through a theoretical project, research and a design studio, this paper discusses the future of mechatronics in architecture and shows the huge potential for reimagining our infrastructure. The application to the infrastructural realm pushes the design out of the scope of conventional architecture both in the use of mechatronics and its application to the larger realm of the city.
keywords Mechatronics; Infrastructure; Architecture; Control systems; Robotics
series eCAADe
email meyboom@interchange.ubc.ca
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2010_427
id sigradi2010_427
authors Miyasaka, Elza Luli; Pratschke Anja
year 2010
title Yona Friedman: A produção de uma arquitetura baseada no processo de comunicação e no design de repertório [Yona Friedman: the production of an architecture based on the communication process of the design repertoire]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 427-429
summary This article analyzes the design process of Yona Friedman. Friedman was a conceptual creator of mega - structures that were multiplied in several layers of cities in which users were responsible for choosing designs while being informed of the consequences. They used a computer containing the design options and described their way of life, which was translated into the use of environments. According to the spaces chosen from this list, the user could reconfigure the space. Although, considering that the city was an environment, the space could be selected while watching a computer simulation. Users’ choices depended on absolutely parameterized rules.
keywords Yona Friedman, mega - structures, design process
series SIGRADI
email elzaluli@sc.usp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id sigradi2010_185
id sigradi2010_185
authors Moema, Falci Loures; Lunardelli Cavallazzi Rosângela
year 2010
title Possibilidade IMAginal: projeto, repetição e devir [IMAginal possibility: design, repetitionand becoming]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 185-188
summary This paper seeks to provide opportunities to potentiate the creative dimensions of design in urban space. Our focus is on repetition as the basis for creative and imaginative processes. In this we focus on the work of the filmmaker Serguei Eisenstein and his studies of assembly and repetition, specifically in the film The Battleship Potemkin. Likewise, we highlight architect Bernard Tschumi’s Manhattan Transcript project and its reverberations in the design of Parc La Villette. Our continuous search is for the possibility of opening up urban design to a creative gesture through a “burst of reality”.
keywords design; urban space; repetition; assembly; imaginative
series SIGRADI
email moema@imaginal.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id ecaade2010_061
id ecaade2010_061
authors Mokhtar Noriega, Farid; Gaterman, Harald; Rayoon Alvarez, Enrique
year 2010
title Collaborative 3D Modelling and Printing: What You See Is Not Directly What You Get
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.31-40
wos WOS:000340629400002
summary The aim of this collaborative 3D printing workshop is to define the production specifications, the teaching-learning pedagogical strategy aspects to help architecture students acquire: the basic competences of building representation, the pre and post processing of printing procedures (printing materials, paint, epoxy, accessories, etc...), defining the missing functions in BIM and Architectural Modelling software and determining the benefits of enhancing them for better 3D prototyping productivity. Two teams (A and B) adopted specific working scenarios based on real world printing jobs. Team A worked on an in-house scenario and Team B on an outsourcing scenario. Tasks successfully completed showed: the wide range of prototypes that could be produced in an architectural studio and the need for a collaborative network to organize the knowledge and good practices developed by research teams (professional or academic) involved in developing rapid prototyping for architecture. This knowledge network could be a discussion forum and a development partnership of 3D printing manufacturers and CAD/BIM software developers.
keywords Rapid prototyping; Collaborative 3d modelling; Knowledge bases; Software design
series eCAADe
email fmokhtar@ucjc.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2010_038
id caadria2010_038
authors Moloney, Jules and Bharat Dave
year 2010
title Mixed reality at the sketch design stage
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 401-408
summary We discuss the use of multiple design representations to enhance decision making at the early stages of design. Our particular interest is in the way in which context can be extended by two interrelated approaches: (1) the incorporation of the temporal; and (2) through the concurrent evaluation of qualitative representations and quantitative information. Outcomes from a practice survey are used to formulate approaches to the use of mixed reality (MR) technology that reflect design-specific modes of working. We propose two approaches – studio MR and site MR – reflecting the distinction between the act of design and the process of a design review. The implementation of a studio MR application and illustrative design project are presented.
keywords Design representations; mixed reality
series CAADRIA
email jmoloney@unimelb.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id sigradi2010_96
id sigradi2010_96
authors Monteiro, de Menezes Alexandre; Pinto Guimarães Marcelo; Mascarenhas Santos Eduardo
year 2010
title O uso interativo de tecnologia digital para ensino integrado da representação arquitetônica pela prática de acessibilidade para todos [The interactive use of digital technologies for integrated education and practice of architectural representation, accessible for all]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 96-99
summary Two Brazilian academic laboratories at UFMG explored processes for conceptual creation and development of digital guidebooks about architectural drafting design and practice of environmental accessibility for all. It is expected that students may achieve high critical and creative perspectives about knowledge construction in real life contexts by using digital interactive multimedia. This software package allows users to learn freely, at their own pace or location at any time, in a sequence of instruction units. In order to improve students’ autonomy in acquiring learning skills, a new, interdisciplinary, culture seems to push the curriculum beyond conventional techniques.
keywords architectural drafting; digital interactive instruction; environmental accessibility; multimedia
series SIGRADI
email ammenezes@terra.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

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