CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id acadia10_333
id acadia10_333
authors Blough, Lawrence
year 2010
title Digital Tracery: Fabricating Traits
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 333-339
summary Recently, prototyping enabled by CNC technology has found its way into design practice where concepts can be quickly and economically tested through multiple design iterations that closely approximate the realities of oneto- one construction. This has lead to the promise of renewed research in tectonics and constructional techniques where the traditional concepts of craft and the joint, that were once married to the hand, can be rediscovered through the agency of mass customization. If we apply the lineage of the trait—a representational and cognitive tool to marry complex form with the exigencies of construction—pedagogical approaches can be developed that extend the current interest in intricate surface, structural morphology and geometry towards a robust materiality rooted in componentry, the joint, and part-to-whole relationships. This paper will introduce several threads from the twentieth century that have informed these tendencies in contemporary design practice, emerging from the well spring of Viollet-le-Duc. The thesis is supported by undergraduate model-based research employing digital design and fabrication techniques.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id sigradi2012_235
id sigradi2012_235
authors Polo, Pablo Herrera
year 2012
title Reutilizando códigos como mecanismo de información y conocimiento: Programación en arquitectura [Reusing codes as a mechanism of information and cognition: Scripting in architecture]
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 74-78
summary Differently from other regions in the Planet, since 2010, in Latin America textual programming language (Rhinoscripting) is being replaced by its visual equivalent (Grasshopper). This is a consequence of our preference for an interactive platform, and because our design problems are not as complex, so we aim to control geometrical problems or aspects belonging to an product scale instead of an architectural one. Problems emerging when creating code could be improved by modifying and reusing existing solutions as a starting point, since learning would not be centered in the object but in the process of creating it, using a suitable instrument.
keywords Visual Programming Language; Textual Programming Language; Scripting; Grasshopper; Rhinoscripting
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:57

_id acadia10_000
id acadia10_000
authors Sprecher, Aaron; Yeshayahu, Shai and Lorenzo-Eiroa, Pablo (eds.)
year 2010
title ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), 411 p.
summary The ACADIA 2010 conference will focus on the changing nature of information and its impact on architectural education, research and practice. With the ever-increasing integration of information technologies in the design laboratory, the discipline of architecture has changed profoundly in recent years. The emerging fields of digital fabrication, generative and evolutionary modeling among others, are now at the core of investigations in a growing community of digital design practitioners and researchers. ACADIA 2010 will explore the ways designers, architects, engineers and scientists collect, analyze and assemble information through computational systems that redefine the notions of design performance and optimization, evolutionary and responsive models. These notions are today inherently related to the possibilities and limitations offered by our increasing computational capabilities, and the way information shapes relations between the human, the environment, and the machine. ACADIA 2010 will gather leading practitioners, theorists, and researchers who will examine the relation that architecture has with technology and information, and how the latter propels today’s most innovative design experimentations and research. The conference will be centered on a series of peer-reviewed paper sessions and a groundbreaking exhibition including peer-reviewed projects.
series ACADIA
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id sigradi2010_290
id sigradi2010_290
authors Toloudi, Zenovia
year 2010
title Forming and Perceiving Architectonic Taste through PICANICO and Architaste
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 290-293
summary This paper assumes that in an information - rich and time - poor society, mental shortcuts that discourage rational thought are important in shaping decisions among selections. The research focuses on understanding and forming the taste of people on architects’ identities. The broader scope aims to establish an architectonic language of communication based on the links emerging among identity - taste dyads. The methodology consists of surveys, social networks analysis tools and PICANICO game: they all gather, classify and eventually form this language’s mental shortcuts. A possible application of this experimentation is an interface between the architect and the client, where the learning yields out of a left right arrow.
keywords identity, taste, aesthetics, form, decision making
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id sigradi2010_236
id sigradi2010_236
authors Vincent, Charles C; Sampaio Nardelli Eduardo; Nardin Lia Raquel
year 2010
title Parametrics in Mass Customization
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 236-239
summary The imminent disruption of the modern paradigms of serialization, repetition and standardization, poses us a myriad of new questions regarding both the emerging aesthetics and the upcoming production means for a new architecture. Despite the canonic approach in which architects tend to invest, the public and private demand for mass housing production is increasing at an astonishing rate, requiring architects to rethink traditional— modern—strategies and to gain control over contemporary—digital—tools. This paper describes an academic research project focused on the implementation of such tools. Some related work is presented, emphasizing some of the approaches in parametric plan layout generation. And a case study is formulated in which the mass design of serially customized layouts is prepared to be solved through a beta plugin for Rhino – Grasshopper.
keywords mass customization, facade, digital architecture, aesthetics, production means
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 09:02

_id sigradi2010_201
id sigradi2010_201
authors Chiarella, Mauro; Tosello María Elena
year 2010
title Laboratorio de Representación e Ideación (RI.Lab10) [Representation and Ideation Lab (RI.Lab10)]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 201-204
summary The Laboratory of Representation and Ideation (RI.Lab10) operates under the assumption that the different representations used in architecture create, modify and/or confirm different interpretation methods and mechanisms of perception, along with the information they produce. Architectonic representation allows us to understand and assess relationships between the tools used in a project and their resulting architectonic forms, which are placed within the context of social structures and cultural paradigms where they are developed. The main objective of such didactic experiences is to adapt available technological resources—in a strategic and integrative fashion—to expand the resources and capacities of the complex systems that intervene in the act of projecting architecture.
keywords representation, ideation, disruption
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id acadia10_379
id acadia10_379
authors Geiger, Jordan; San Fratello, Virginia
year 2010
title Hyperculture: Earth as Interface
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 379-384
summary Digital Fabrication and Hybrid Interface: Lessons in Agriculture :abstract Two vitally important fields of work in architecture and computing—in digital fabrication methods and in the development of interfaces between digital and analog systems—can find new forms in their combination with one another. Moreover, a recent such experiment in the production of landscape rather than building not only suggests a number of implications for architectural work, but of ecological, economic and urban structures that underlie the projects’s visible formal and aesthetic orders. This project, “Hyperculture: Earth as Interface,” studied the potential outcomes of modifying a commonly employed information infrastructure for the optimization of agricultural production throughout most of America’s heartland; and that same infrastructure’s latent flexibility to operate in both “read” and “write” modes, as a means for collaborative input and diversified, shared output. In the context of industrialized agriculture, this work not only negotiates seemingly contradictory demands with diametrically opposed ecological and social outcomes; but also shows the fabrication of landscape as suggestive of other, more architectural applications in the built environment. The Hyperculture project is sited within several contexts: industrial, geographically local, ecological, and within the digital protocols of landscape processing known as “precision agriculture.” Today, these typically work together toward the surprising result of unvariegated repetition, known commonly as monoculture. After decades of monoculture’s proliferation, its numerous inefficiencies have come under broad recent scrutiny, leading to diverse thinking on ways to redress seemingly conflicting demands such as industry’s reliance on mass-production and automation; the demand for variety or customization in consumer markets; and even regulatory inquiries into the ecological and zoning harms brought by undiversified land use. Monoculture, in short, is proving unsustainable from economic, environmental, and even aesthetic and zoning standpoints. But its handling in digital interfaces, remote sensing and algorithmically directed fabrication is not.
keywords GPS, precision agriculture, digital landscape fabrication, interface, analog/digital systems, open source platform, digital fabrication, multi-dimensional scales
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id acadia10_16
id acadia10_16
authors Lorenzo-Eiroa, Pablo
year 2010
title In:forming a Critical Digital Architecture Autonomy into Life
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 16-23
summary Referential structures in digital representation and those structures that have established contemporary canons have been progressively negated. As a result of this tendency, post-structuralism, as a pendulous reactionary force against structuralism, broke away from deconstruction’s conceptual premise: to produce a full decomposition of any assumed disciplinary fundamentals. Therefore, rather than focusing on a syntax based on structural logics, current digital architecture tendencies hide deep conceptual structures in favor of superficial perceptual structures, relying on the media-based spectacular semiotic effect of the visual that has exhausted its capacity to be critical.
series ACADIA
type Forewords
last changed 2011/02/22 15:32

_id acadia10_151
id acadia10_151
authors Menges, Achim
year 2010
title Material Information: Integrating Material Characteristics and Behavior in Computational Design for Performative Wood Construction
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 151-158
summary Architecture as a material practice is still predominantly based on design approaches that are characterized by a hierarchical relationship that prioritizes the generation of geometric information for the description of architectural systems and elements over material specific information. Thus, in the early design stage, the material’s innate characteristics and inherent capacities remain largely unconsidered. This is particularly evident in the way wood constructions are designed today. In comparison to most construction materials that are industrially produced and thus relatively homogeneous and isotropic, wood is profoundly different in that it is a naturally grown biological tissue with a highly differentiated material makeup . This paper will present research investigating how the transition from currently predominant modes of representational Computer Aided Design to algorithmic Computational Design allows for a significant change in employing wood’s complex anisotropic behaviour, resulting from its differentiated anatomical structure. In computational design, the relation between procedural formation, driving information, and ensuing form, enables the systematic integration of material information. This materially informed computational design processes will be explained through two research projects and the resultant prototype structures. The first project shows how an information feedback between material properties, system behaviour, the generative computational process, and robotic manufacturing allows for unfolding material-specific gestalt and tapping into the performative potential of wood. The second project focuses on embedding the unique material information and anatomical features of individual wooden elements in a continuous scanning, computational design and digital fabrication process, and thus introduces novel ways of integrating the biological variability and natural irregularities of wood in architectural design.
keywords Computational Design, Digital Fabrication, Material Properties, Behavioural Modelling
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id acadia10_340
id acadia10_340
authors Tamke, Martin; Riiber, Jacob; Jungjohann, Hauke
year 2010
title Generated Lamella
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 340-347
summary The hierarchical organization of information is dominant in the setup of tectonic structures. In order to overcome the inherent limitations of these systems, self-organization is proposed as a means for future design. The paper exemplifies this within the research project “Lamel la Flock”. The research takes its point of departure in the structural abilities of the wooden Zollinger system: a traditional structural lamella system distributed as a woven pattern of interconnected beams. Where the original system has a very limited set of achievable geometries our research introduces an understanding of beam elements as autonomous entities with sensorymotor behaviour. By this means freeform structures can be achieved Through computation and methods of self-organization, the project investigates how to design and build with a system based on multiple and circular dependencies. Hereby the agent system negotiates between design intent, tectonic needs, and production. The project demonstrates how real-time interactive modeling can be hybridized with agent–based design strategies and how this environment can be linked to physical production. The use of knowledge embedded into the system as well as the flow of information between dynamic processes, Finite Element Calculation and machinery was key for linking the speculative with the physical.
keywords agent based systems, digital fabrication, aware models, wooden structures, industrial collaboration, 1:1 demonstrator
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id acadia10_196
id acadia10_196
authors Tenu, Vlad
year 2010
title Minimal Surfaces as Self-organizing Systems
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 196-202
summary Minimal surfaces have been gradually translated from mathematics to architectural design research due to their fascinating geometric and spatial properties. Tensile structures are just an example of their application in architecture known since the early 1960s. The present research relates to the problem of generating minimal surface geometries computationally using self-organizing particle spring systems and optimizing them for digital fabrication. The algorithm is iterative and it has a different approach than a standard computational method, such as dynamic relaxation, because it does not start with a pre-defined topology and it consists of simultaneous processes that control the geometry’s tessellation. The method is tested on triply periodic minimal surfaces and focused on several fabrication techniques such as a tensegrity modular system composed of interlocked rings (Figure 1).
keywords Minimal Surfaces
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id acadia10_81
id acadia10_81
authors Marcos, Carlos L.
year 2010
title Complexity, Digital Consciousness and Open Form: A New Design Paradigm
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 81-87
summary Complexity as a result of improved design capabilities through the use of computer tools was introduced in the architectural debate since these became irreplaceable. On the other hand, not every designer is genuinely aware of the logical implications that the use of these tools may entail. Used as a simple emulation of enhanced traditional design tools—drawings and models, they do not alter the process of design significantly. However, the potential of such tools beyond their instrumentality introduces designers into the realm of digital consciousness. This paper analyzes complexity as an inherent quality of computer aided architectural design in relation to four different digitally conscious design strategies. First, the increase of complexity involved in digital architectural designs because of their potentiality to manage enormous amounts of differentiated information. Second, the complexity inherent to an open form such as parametric or generative designs may be defined. Third, the use of the computer as a smart partner involved in the design process —i.e., form finding strategies— rather than as a simple efficient machine able to repeat our abilities faster and more effectively in certain roles of the design process. Finally, it analyzes the possibility of generating parameterized typologies as a result of the openness of form, as well as the increased complexity that randomness may introduce in algorithmic design. The paper concludes with reflections on complexity vs. simplexity considering the fact that the simplicity characteristic of Modernism aesthetics and constructive values collide with the baroque formal complexity achieved in generative design.
keywords Digital consciousness, complexity, added information, open form, form finding, randomness
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id ascaad2010_135
id ascaad2010_135
authors Lostritto, Carl
year 2010
title Computation Without Computers
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 135-144
summary This work documents the implications of using physical media to teach digital design concepts, techniques, values and approaches. With the pedagogy and work of a seminar and studio across two Universities as test cases, this research seeks to prove that a parametric and algorithmic approach to architecture is most fruitfully understood as the connection between logic, mathematics and aesthetics. Students trace the indirect relationships between process and product so as to enable the application of these connections in a non-linear, exploratory and goal-flexible design process. The first phase of student work involves the creation of an image, constructed with ink or graphite on paper, that embodies a parametric aesthetic. Students are tasked articulating and performing operations, such as dividing a curve, packing shapes, and conditional transformations. Subsequently, students fabricate a surface-conscious model with modules that have the capacity to vary based on their grid parameter, using historically rooted techniques such as weaving, perforating, layering and tessellation. Digital fabrication and parametric modeling is then introduced, not as a means to a predefined end, but as another medium, capable of participating with manual techniques. As an example, a fabricated paper-based installation is generated with parametrically generating a cut-sheet, partially blind to its assembled manifestation. The hypothesis of this research is tested in more comprehensive projects that follow as environmental forces are resolved through dynamic and ambiguous visual and spatial conditions.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id cf2011_p127
id cf2011_p127
authors Benros, Deborah; Granadeiro Vasco, Duarte Jose, Knight Terry
year 2011
title Integrated Design and Building System for the Provision of Customized Housing: the Case of Post-Earthquake Haiti
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 247-264.
summary The paper proposes integrated design and building systems for the provision of sustainable customized housing. It advances previous work by applying a methodology to generate these systems from vernacular precedents. The methodology is based on the use of shape grammars to derive and encode a contemporary system from the precedents. The combined set of rules can be applied to generate housing solutions tailored to specific user and site contexts. The provision of housing to shelter the population affected by the 2010 Haiti earthquake illustrates the application of the methodology. A computer implementation is currently under development in C# using the BIM platform provided by Revit. The world experiences a sharp increase in population and a strong urbanization process. These phenomena call for the development of effective means to solve the resulting housing deficit. The response of the informal sector to the problem, which relies mainly on handcrafted processes, has resulted in an increase of urban slums in many of the big cities, which lack sanitary and spatial conditions. The formal sector has produced monotonous environments based on the idea of mass production that one size fits all, which fails to meet individual and cultural needs. We propose an alternative approach in which mass customization is used to produce planed environments that possess qualities found in historical settlements. Mass customization, a new paradigm emerging due to the technological developments of the last decades, combines the economy of scale of mass production and the aesthetics and functional qualities of customization. Mass customization of housing is defined as the provision of houses that respond to the context in which they are built. The conceptual model for the mass customization of housing used departs from the idea of a housing type, which is the combined result of three systems (Habraken, 1988) -- spatial, building system, and stylistic -- and it includes a design system, a production system, and a computer system (Duarte, 2001). In previous work, this conceptual model was tested by developing a computer system for existing design and building systems (Benr__s and Duarte, 2009). The current work advances it by developing new and original design, building, and computer systems for a particular context. The urgent need to build fast in the aftermath of catastrophes quite often overrides any cultural concerns. As a result, the shelters provided in such circumstances are indistinct and impersonal. However, taking individual and cultural aspects into account might lead to a better identification of the population with their new environment, thereby minimizing the rupture caused in their lives. As the methodology to develop new housing systems is based on the idea of architectural precedents, choosing existing vernacular housing as a precedent permits the incorporation of cultural aspects and facilitates an identification of people with the new housing. In the Haiti case study, we chose as a precedent a housetype called “gingerbread houses”, which includes a wide range of houses from wealthy to very humble ones. Although the proposed design system was inspired by these houses, it was decided to adopt a contemporary take. The methodology to devise the new type was based on two ideas: precedents and transformations in design. In architecture, the use of precedents provides designers with typical solutions for particular problems and it constitutes a departing point for a new design. In our case, the precedent is an existing housetype. It has been shown (Duarte, 2001) that a particular housetype can be encoded by a shape grammar (Stiny, 1980) forming a design system. Studies in shape grammars have shown that the evolution of one style into another can be described as the transformation of one shape grammar into another (Knight, 1994). The used methodology departs takes off from these ideas and it comprises the following steps (Duarte, 2008): (1) Selection of precedents, (2) Derivation of an archetype; (3) Listing of rules; (4) Derivation of designs; (5) Cataloguing of solutions; (6) Derivation of tailored solution.
keywords Mass customization, Housing, Building system, Sustainable construction, Life cycle energy consumption, Shape grammar
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id ijac20108204
id ijac20108204
authors Jacobus, Frank; Jay McCormack, Josh Hartung
year 2010
title The Chair Back Experiment: Hierarchical Temporal Memory and the Evolution of Artificial Intelligence in Architecture
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 2, 151-164
summary Computational synthesis tools that automatically generate solutions to design problems are not widely used in architectural practice despite many years of research. This deficiency can be attributed, in part, to the difficulty of constructing robust building specific databases. New advances in artificial intelligence such as Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) have the potential to make the construction of these databases more realistic in the near future. Based on an emerging theory of human neurological function, HTMs excel at ambiguous pattern recognition. This paper includes a first experiment using HTMs for learning and recognizing patterns in the form of visual style characteristics in three distinct chair back types. Results from the experiment indicate that HTMs develop a similar storage of quality to humans and are therefore a promising option for capturing multi-modal information in future design automation efforts.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2015_203
id caadria2015_203
authors Nakapan, Walaiporn
year 2015
title Challenge of Teaching BIM in the First Year of University
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 509-518
summary This paper presents an experience about BIM curriculum from Faculty of Architecture, Rangsit University, which has been implemented since 2010. Our approach is to introduce BIM into the first year architectural design curriculum both as a tool and as a new way to practice design. The objective of this paper is to identify problems encountered from the class and typical misconceptions about BIM curriculum based on our experience. Problems encountered are 1) The need to boost students’ attention, 2) The lack of acceptability criteria of the students’ design flaws, 3) The lack of BIM Guideline to be used in the curriculum, and 4) The need to grow the BIM thinking in other advanced studios. Typical misconceptions identified are 1) BIM is just another design tool 2) Traditional design process can be used in a BIM design studio, and 3) BIM limits creativity. Finally, we propose how to improve the curriculum and compare the BIM design process to traditional design process.
keywords BIM; Curriculum; Education.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

_id ijac20108402
id ijac20108402
authors Oxman, Rivka
year 2010
title The New Structuralism: Conceptual Mapping of Emerging Key Concepts in Theory and Praxis
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 4, p. 419
summary The New Structuralism focuses upon the potential of novel design processes to return architecture to its material sources. A theoretical research presents how the structuring, encoding, and fabricating of material systems are contributing to a new material practice which demands a theoretical foundation comprehensive enough to integrate emerging theories, methods and technologies in design. Selected research works supports shared geometrical, structural and manufacturing representations and processes relevant to The New Structuralism are selected and reviewed. DDNET (Digital Design NETwork) is proposed as a conceptual structure which attempts to relate the body of these findings with theoretical constructs such as key concepts, models, techniques, technologies and leading precedents associated with The New Structuralism.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id sigradi2010_125
id sigradi2010_125
authors Portillo, Burghi Juan Pablo; García Amen Fernando;Flores Luis
year 2010
title R:DAR Regions, Areas, and Directioning in Augmented Reality: un estudio para el móvil Samsung I8000 Omnia II [RA:DAR Regions, Areas, and Directioning in Augmented Reality: a case study for the Samsung mobile phone 18000 Omnia II]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 125-128
summary This work stems from our research on augmented reality (AR); it is focused on the development of AR applications for smartphones. This research was motivated by many factors including the reality that: mobile phones have become commonplace in our societies, there is high demand for access to real - time information, and that smartphones are practical, powerful, and compact devices that are available in developed as well as emerging economies. In light of such facts this work presents a case study and proposes the development of an application capable of linking the most remarkable features of smarthphones (GPS, camera, accelerometer, internet access, and compass).
keywords application; augmented reality; information; real - time; smartphone
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:58

_id ecaade2010_149
id ecaade2010_149
authors Salim, Flora Dilys; Burry, Jane; Taniar, David; Lee, Vincent Cheong; Burrow, Andrew
year 2010
title The Digital Emerging and Converging Bits of Urbanism: Crowddesigning a live knowledge network for sustainable urban living
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.883-891
summary Data is ubiquitous in our cities. However, designing a knowledge network about our cities is an arduous task, given that data sensed cannot be used directly, human significance must be added. Adding human significance can be achieved via an automated “expert system (ES)” in which domain expert knowledge are stored in a knowledge-based repository. The domain expert knowledge is matched with the corresponding data to derive specific inference which can aid decision making for urban stakeholders.This requires amalgamation of various interdisciplinary techniques. This paper presents a survey of existing technologies in order to investigate the emerging issues surrounding the design of a live knowledge network for sustainable urban living. The maps and models of the existing infrastructure of our cities that include a wealth of information such as topography, layout, zoning, land use, transportation networks, public facilities, and resource network grids need to be integrated with real-time spatiotemporal information about the city. Public data in forms of archives and data streams as well as online data from the social network and the Web can be analyzed using data mining techniques. The domain experts need to interpret the results of data mining into knowledge that will augment the existing knowledge base and models of our cities. In addition to the analysis of archived and streamed data sources from the built environment, the emerging state-of-the-art Web 2.0 and mobile technologies are presented as the potential techniques to crowddesign a live urban knowledge network. Data modeling, data mining, crowdsourcing, and social intervention techniques are reviewed in this paper with examples from the related work and our own experiments.
wos WOS:000340629400094
keywords Crowdsourcing; Knowledge discovery; Mobile and ubiquitous computing; Urban modeling; Spatial interaction; Social networking; Web 2.0
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia11_186
id acadia11_186
authors Chaturvedi, Sanhita; Colmenares, Esteban; Mundim, Thiago
year 2011
title Knitectonics
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 186-195
summary The project Knitectonics aims at exploring digital fabrication systems that facilitate optimized, adaptive and specific integrated architectural solutions (Male-Alemany 2010). It is inspired by the beauty of nature systems with their inherent efficiency and performance. The research explored on-site fabrication of monocoques shells, integrating skin and structure along with services and infrastructure, using a simple household technique. It thus embodies a self organized micro system of textures and a macro system of structures. This paper elaborates how the numeric aspects of a textile technique were used, first to digitally imitate the process of assembly and further exploited to develop and visualize a novel fabrication system, based on material research and technical experimentation.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

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