CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 26

_id acadia10_340
id acadia10_340
authors Tamke, Martin; Riiber, Jacob; Jungjohann, Hauke
year 2010
title Generated Lamella
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 340-347
summary The hierarchical organization of information is dominant in the setup of tectonic structures. In order to overcome the inherent limitations of these systems, self-organization is proposed as a means for future design. The paper exemplifies this within the research project “Lamel la Flock”. The research takes its point of departure in the structural abilities of the wooden Zollinger system: a traditional structural lamella system distributed as a woven pattern of interconnected beams. Where the original system has a very limited set of achievable geometries our research introduces an understanding of beam elements as autonomous entities with sensorymotor behaviour. By this means freeform structures can be achieved Through computation and methods of self-organization, the project investigates how to design and build with a system based on multiple and circular dependencies. Hereby the agent system negotiates between design intent, tectonic needs, and production. The project demonstrates how real-time interactive modeling can be hybridized with agent–based design strategies and how this environment can be linked to physical production. The use of knowledge embedded into the system as well as the flow of information between dynamic processes, Finite Element Calculation and machinery was key for linking the speculative with the physical.
keywords agent based systems, digital fabrication, aware models, wooden structures, industrial collaboration, 1:1 demonstrator
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email martin.tamke@karch.dk
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id cf2011_p109
id cf2011_p109
authors Abdelmohsen, Sherif; Lee Jinkook, Eastman Chuck
year 2011
title Automated Cost Analysis of Concept Design BIM Models
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 403-418.
summary AUTOMATED COST ANALYSIS OF CONCEPT DESIGN BIM MODELS Interoperability: BIM models and cost models This paper introduces the automated cost analysis developed for the General Services Administration (GSA) and the analysis results of a case study involving a concept design courthouse BIM model. The purpose of this study is to investigate interoperability issues related to integrating design and analysis tools; specifically BIM models and cost models. Previous efforts to generate cost estimates from BIM models have focused on developing two necessary but disjoint processes: 1) extracting accurate quantity take off data from BIM models, and 2) manipulating cost analysis results to provide informative feedback. Some recent efforts involve developing detailed definitions, enhanced IFC-based formats and in-house standards for assemblies that encompass building models (e.g. US Corps of Engineers). Some commercial applications enhance the level of detail associated to BIM objects with assembly descriptions to produce lightweight BIM models that can be used by different applications for various purposes (e.g. Autodesk for design review, Navisworks for scheduling, Innovaya for visual estimating, etc.). This study suggests the integration of design and analysis tools by means of managing all building data in one shared repository accessible to multiple domains in the AEC industry (Eastman, 1999; Eastman et al., 2008; authors, 2010). Our approach aims at providing an integrated platform that incorporates a quantity take off extraction method from IFC models, a cost analysis model, and a comprehensive cost reporting scheme, using the Solibri Model Checker (SMC) development environment. Approach As part of the effort to improve the performance of federal buildings, GSA evaluates concept design alternatives based on their compliance with specific requirements, including cost analysis. Two basic challenges emerge in the process of automating cost analysis for BIM models: 1) At this early concept design stage, only minimal information is available to produce a reliable analysis, such as space names and areas, and building gross area, 2) design alternatives share a lot of programmatic requirements such as location, functional spaces and other data. It is thus crucial to integrate other factors that contribute to substantial cost differences such as perimeter, and exterior wall and roof areas. These are extracted from BIM models using IFC data and input through XML into the Parametric Cost Engineering System (PACES, 2010) software to generate cost analysis reports. PACES uses this limited dataset at a conceptual stage and RSMeans (2010) data to infer cost assemblies at different levels of detail. Functionalities Cost model import module The cost model import module has three main functionalities: generating the input dataset necessary for the cost model, performing a semantic mapping between building type specific names and name aggregation structures in PACES known as functional space areas (FSAs), and managing cost data external to the BIM model, such as location and construction duration. The module computes building data such as footprint, gross area, perimeter, external wall and roof area and building space areas. This data is generated through SMC in the form of an XML file and imported into PACES. Reporting module The reporting module uses the cost report generated by PACES to develop a comprehensive report in the form of an excel spreadsheet. This report consists of a systems-elemental estimate that shows the main systems of the building in terms of UniFormat categories, escalation, markups, overhead and conditions, a UniFormat Level III report, and a cost breakdown that provides a summary of material, equipment, labor and total costs. Building parameters are integrated in the report to provide insight on the variations among design alternatives.
keywords building information modeling, interoperability, cost analysis, IFC
series CAAD Futures
email sherif.morad@gatech.edu
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id ecaade2010_022
id ecaade2010_022
authors Al-kazzaz, Dhuha; Bridges, Alan; Chase, Scott
year 2010
title Shape Grammars for Innovative Hybrid Typological Design
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.187-195
wos WOS:000340629400020
summary This paper describes a new methodology of deriving innovative hybrid designs using shape grammars of heterogeneous designs. The method is detailed within three phases of shape grammars: analysis, synthesis and evaluation. In the analysis phase, the research suggests that original rules of each design component are grouped in subclass rule sets to facilitate rule choices. Additionally, adding new hybrid rules to original rules expands the options available to the grammar user. In the synthesis phase, the research adopts state labels and markers to drive the design generation. The former is implemented with a user guide grammar to ensure hybridity in the generated design, while the latter aims to ensure feasible designs. Lastly evaluation criteria are added to measure the degree of innovation of the hybrid designs. This paper describes the derivation of hybrid minaret designs from a corpus of heterogeneous traditional minaret designs.
keywords Shape grammar; Parallel grammar; Hybrid design; Typology
series eCAADe
email dhuha.abdul-aziz@strath.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2010_229
id ecaade2010_229
authors Aschwanden, Gideon D. P. A.; Wullschleger, Tobias; Müller, Hanspeter; Schmitt, Gerhard
year 2010
title Agent based Emission Evaluation of Traffic in Dynamic City Models
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.717-726
wos WOS:000340629400077
summary We present a simulation platform to evaluate procedurally generated 3d city models with a set of agents representing urban street actors and pedestrians towards greenhouse gas emissions from transportation. Our aim is to give architects and urban planners an empiric tool to analyze, predict and quantify traffic fluctuations over time, and define the number of occupants, individual traffic and public transport in a city. In this project we show that the allocation of functions within a city is an important factor for the appearanceof traffic. The occupant’s decisions where they want to go are defined by the allocation of functions – and the distance defines the mode of transportation. We simulate the decision processes and gain information about the path, the mode of transportation, and the emissions they produce, and individual experiences like stress and effort. The autonomous driving cars are equipped with an acceleration based emission model allowing us to evaluate the inpact of jammed streets on the emission of cars.
keywords Urban planning; Multi-agent system; Generative city model; Occupant movement; Traffic emission
series eCAADe
email aschwanden@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia10_313
id acadia10_313
authors Banda, Pablo
year 2010
title Parametric Propagation of Acoustical Absorbers
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 313-319
summary The following paper deals with a performance-driven morphogenetic design task to improve the conditions of room acoustics, using as a case study the material laboratory of the School of Architecture at Federico Santa Maria University of Technology. Combining contemporary Parametric Modeling techniques and a Performance- Based approach, an automatic generative system was produced. This system generated a modular acoustic ceiling based on Helmholtz Resonators. To satisfy sound absorption requirements, acoustic knowledge was embedded within the system. It iterates through a series of design sub-tasks from Acoustic Simulation to Digital Fabrication, searching for a suitable design solution. The internal algorithmic complexity of the design process has been explored through this case study. Although it is focused on an acoustic component, the proposed design methodology can influence other experiences in Parametric Design.
keywords Parametric Modeling, Sound Absorption & Acoustic Knowledge, Performance-Based Design, Design Task, Scripting, Digital Fabrication, Custom Tools, Honeycomb.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email pablo.banda.p@hotmail.com
last changed 2010/12/07 13:27

_id acadia10_263
id acadia10_263
authors Beaman, Michael Leighton; Bader, Stefan
year 2010
title Responsive Shading | Intelligent Façade Systems
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 263-270
summary As issues of sustainability gain traction for architects, methodologies for designing, analyzing, and calibrating design solutions have emerged as essential areas of research and development. A number of approaches have been pursued with regard to embedding data into the design process, most fall into one of two approaches to research. The first approach is to mediate environmental impact at the level of applied technology; the second alters building methods and material construction, generating efficient energy use. However, few approaches deal with the crafting of relationships between information and performance on an architectural level. We will examine an approach focused on understanding how crafting relationships between information and design can move architecture towards achieving sustainability. In developing this approach, we created a data-driven design methodology spanning from design inception to construction. Data-driven models, common in the fields of natural science, offer a method to generate and test a multiplicity of responsive solutions. By contextualizing the solutions generated, we were able design though a set of specific and controlled responses rather than as a singular solution. Information utilization requires a new kind of craft that moves beyond instances into relationships and offers performance sensitive issues in design a focused trajectory. We applied this method to the research and development of a responsive shading structure built in conjunction with a thermal testing lab for two test locations – Austin, Texas (Figure. 1 and 2) and Munich, Germany. The following paper chronicles the design and construction at the Texas site over an academic semester.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email mlbeaman@gmail.com
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id acadia10_357
id acadia10_357
authors Brell-Cokcan, Sigrid; Braumann, Johannes
year 2010
title A New Parametric Design Tool for Robot Milling
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 357-363
summary This paper proposes the use of parametric design software, which is generally used for real-time analysis and evaluation of architectural design variants, to create a new production immanent design tool for robot milling. Robotic constraints are integrated in the data flow of the parametric model for calculating, visualizing and simulating robot milling toolpaths. As a result of the design process, a physical model together with a milling robot control data file is generated.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email brell-cokcan@iemar.tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id ecaade2012_266
id ecaade2012_266
authors Casucci, Tommaso ; Erioli, Alessio
year 2012
title Behavioural Surfaces: Project for the Architecture Faculty library in Florence
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 339-345
wos WOS:000330322400034
summary Behavioural Surfaces is a thesis project in Architecture discussed on December 2010 at the University of Florence. The project explores the surfacespace relationship in which a surface condition, generated from intensive datascapes derived from environmental data, is able to produce spatial differentiation and modulate structural and environmental preformance. Exploiting material self-organization in sea sponges as surfaces that deploy function and performance through curvature modulation and space defi nition, two different surface definition processes were explored to organize the system hierarchy and its performances at two different scales. At the macroscale, the global shape of the building is shaped on the base of isopotential surfaces while at a more detailed level the multi-performance skin system is defi ned upon the triply periodic minimal surfaces (TPMS).
keywords Digital datascape; Isosurfaces; Material intelligence; Minimal sufaces
series eCAADe
email tommaso.casucci@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id acadia10_218
id acadia10_218
authors Chok, Kermin; Donofrio, Mark
year 2010
title Structure at the Velocity of Architecture
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 218-226
summary This paper outlines a digital design workflow, utilized by the authors, which actively links the geometry platforms being utilized by architects with tools for structural analysis, design, form-finding, and optimization. This workflow leads to an accelerated generation and transfer of information to help guide and inform the design process. The engineering team is thus empowered to augment the architect’s design by ensuring that the design team is conscious of the structural implications of design decisions throughout the design process. A crucial element of this design process has been the dynamic linkage of parametric geometry models with structural analysis and design tools. This reduces random errors in model generation and allows more time for critical analysis evaluation. However, the ability to run a multitude of options in a compressed time frame has led to ever increasing data sets. A key component of this structural engineering workflow has become the visualization and rigorous interpretation of the data generated by the analysis process. The authors have explored visualization techniques to distill the complex analysis results into graphics that are easily discernable by all members of the design team.
keywords Workflows, Structure, Collaboration, Visualizations, Analysis
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email kermin.chok@gmail.com
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id acadia10_117
id acadia10_117
authors Crotch, Joanna; Mantho, Robert; Horner, Martyn
year 2010
title Social Spatial Genesis: Activity Centered Space Making
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 117-124
summary Digital technologies and processes have been used to generate architectural form for over two decades. Recent advances in digital technologies have allowed virtual digital environments to be constructed from physical movement. But can a bridge that connects the physical and virtual realms be developed? Can this, currently arbitrary form making be grounded in human activity and subsequently be integrated in to real time, space, and place. This research asks how space generated from the process of digital morphogenesis can be related to meaning beyond just the creation of form. Existing research asks how new form can be discovered, or what material and structural possibilities can be derived from form, through these morphological processes. The aim of this research project is to complete the loop, physical–virtual–physical, and to connect these digital processes to meaning through human activity. Its aim is to discover the consequences of generated spatial envelopes that are manipulated through digital morphogenesis and related to specific human activity, in the pursuit of possibilities for a digitally generated architecture that is socially engaged. This is not random form finding, wherein architecture tries to imitate biological processes or form, but form finding that is connected to a primary architectural concern, how is the architecture being used by humans.
keywords Social digital morphogenesis, event based, motion capture
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email j.crotch@gsa.ac.uk
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id acadia10_372
id acadia10_372
authors Dierichs, Karola; Menges, Achim
year 2010
title Material Computation in Architectural Aggregate Systems
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 372-378
summary Aggregates are defined as large amounts of elements being in loose contact. In architecture they are mainly known as an additive in concrete construction. Relatively few examples use aggregates in their unbound form as an architectural material system in their own right. The investigation of potential architectural applications however is both a very relevant and unexplored branch of design research. Loose granular systems are inherently different from other architectural construction systems. One of the most decisive distinctions lies in the way information on those granular architectural systems is being generated, processed, and integrated into the design process. Several mathematical methods have been developed to numerically model granular behaviour. However, the need and also the potential of using so-called ,material’ computation is specifically relevant with aggregates, as much of their behaviour is still not being described in these mathematical models. This paper will present the current outcome of a doctorate research on aggregate architectures with a focus on information processing in machine and material computation. In the first part, it will introduce definitions of material and machine computation. In the second part, the way machine computation is employed in modelling granulates will be introduced. The third part will review material computation in granular systems. In the last part, a concrete example of an architectural aggregate model will be explained with regard to the given definition of material computation. Conclusively a comparative overview between material and machine computation in aggregate architectures will be given and further areas of development will be outlined.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email achim.menges@icd.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id ecaade2010_193
id ecaade2010_193
authors Dillenburger, Benjamin
year 2010
title Space Index: A retrieval-system for building-plots
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.893-899
wos WOS:000340629400095
summary Increasingly, digital architectural data will become available through information technology. Yet until now, there were no satisfying methods to query this data for architectural purposes. This paper introduces an information retrieval system for parcels that not only allows searching for specific attributes, but also includes properties of shape and context of the building plots. An automatically generated index stores the relevant spatial properties as normalized bitmap images on several layers. When a query is started, only this index has to be queried and not the complete database. The search process can be controlled through a graphical interface that incorporates the user’s sketches. The retrieved parcels are presented as a sorted list of vector drawings including their contained buildings. With the simplified access to these case-studies, quality and efficiency of the architectural design process could be increased.
keywords Architecture-retrieval; Shape matching; Indexing; Operationalization; Urban morphology; Case-based reasoning
series eCAADe
email dillenburger@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2010_117
id ascaad2010_117
authors El Gewely, Maha H.
year 2010
title Algorithm Aided Architectural Design (Aaad)
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 117-126
summary Algorithm Aided Architectural Design (AAAD) is considered a second paradigm shift in the Architectural design process after the first one of bridging the conventional design process to the digital realm of design. This paper is divided into two parts, the first part comprehends the Algorithmic Architecture approach of from the point of view of tools, techniques, theories and practice in order to find the Algotecture theories on the map of Digital Architecture. Then, the paper exemplifies an application on Algorithmic Architecture. FALLINGWATER TOOLBOX VERSION 1.0 is a computational design demo tool for architects to aid in the house schematic design phase according to an analytical study of Frank Lloyd Wright's basic design rules and spatial program of his masterpiece; FallingWater House, (Edgar J. Kaufmann family house 1939). These rules have been transferred to algorithms and code thereafter. At a preceding stage, the Graphical User Interface (GUI) was developed using MAXScript 9.0. Using the FALLINGWATER TOOLBOX, infinite number of house prototypes can be generated within few minutes. Although, the FWT is based on a hypothetical design problem of producing prototype alternatives for a new house with the same identity of the Edgar Kaufmann House, the concept of the tool can be applied on a wider range of problems. It may help generating prototype alternative solutions for residential compounds design according to the required constraints.
series ASCAAD
email maha_el_gewely@hotmail.com
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id caadria2010_027
id caadria2010_027
authors Fernando, Ruwan; Robin Drogemuller, Flora Dilys Salim and Jane Burry
year 2010
title Patterns, heuristics for architectural design support: making use of evolutionary modelling in design
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 283-292
summary Software used by architectural and industrial designers has shifted from becoming a tool for drafting, towards use in verification, simulation, project management and remote project sharing. In more advanced models, design parameters for the designed object can be adjusted so that a family of variations can be produced rapidly. With the advances in computer aided design (CAD) technology, design options can now be generated and analyzed in real time. However the use of digital tools to support design as an activity is still at an early stage and has largely been limited in functionality with regard to the design process. To date, major CAD vendors have not developed an integrated tool that is able to leverage specialised design knowledge from various discipline domains (known as expert knowledge systems) as well as to support the creation of design alternatives that satisfy different forms of constraints. We propose that evolutionary computing and machine learning be linked with parametric design techniques in order to monitor a designer’s cognition and intent based on their design history. This will lead to results that impact future work on design support systems which are capable of supporting implicit constraint and problem definition for wicked problems that are difficult to quantify.
keywords Design support; heuristics; generative modelling; parametric modelling; evolutionary computation
series CAADRIA
email r1fernando@qut.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ijac20108105
id ijac20108105
authors Grobman, Yasha Jacob; Abraham Yezioro; Isaac Guedi Capeluto
year 2010
title Non-Linear Architectural Design Process
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 1, 41-54
summary The introduction of the computer to the architectural design process have facilitated the possibility to examine a large number of design alternatives by allowing continuous variation between pre defined constraints. However, for the most part, evaluation and comparison of the alternatives is still handled manually in a linear fashion by the designer. This paper introduces a different approach to the architectural design process, which calls for a multithreaded or a non-linear design process. In a non-linear design process design directions and alternatives are generated, presented and evaluated simultaneously, and in real time. As an example for a non-linear design process the Generative Performance Oriented Design model and software tool (GenPOD) are presented and discussed. Moving towards non-linear modes of design arguably increases design creativity by allowing generating and evaluating a greater number and variation of design alternatives.
series journal
last changed 2010/09/06 06:02

_id ijac20108302
id ijac20108302
authors Hladik, Pavel; Clive J Lewis
year 2010
title Singapore National Stadium Roof
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 3, pp. 257-278
summary The case study focuses on design of the Singapore National Stadium roof and its architectural and structural constraints. The dialog between performance form generation and aesthetics was challenged through several design iterations and is critically reviewed in this paper. The collaboration of engineers and architects gave a form to this significant building that was slightly changed several times due to various conditions. The complex shape of the dome structure was resolved in one parametric model that could react on aesthetical and structural requirements. The landmark roof structure generated in computer had to be evaluated by designers and presented to decision making bodies.
series journal
last changed 2011/03/17 07:19

_id sigradi2010_372
id sigradi2010_372
authors Karakiewicz, Justyna
year 2010
title Data Driven Urban Design
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 372-375
summary Increasingly, interest in urban design challenges is being tied to research agendas in which data are generated of relevance to design intent. This paper addresses consequent opportunities for those engaged in urban design and discusses opportunities in parametric urban design to move beyond common engagement in description. The paper describes how parametric systems have been used to help students to bridge the gap from conceptual design to propositions and describes models used to develop diagrams of site potential. The paper illustrates the power of diagram in both mapping existing conditions as well as in projecting possible urban futures.
keywords diagrams, parametric design, urban design, emergence, adaptive systems
series SIGRADI
email justynak@unimelb.edu.au
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id ascaad2010_097
id ascaad2010_097
authors Kenzari, Bechir
year 2010
title Generative Design and the Reduction of Presence
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 97-106
summary Digital design/fabrication is slowly emancipating architectural design from its traditional static/representational role and endowing it instead with a new, generative function. In opposition to the classical isomorphism between drawings and buildings, wherein the second stand as translations of the first, the digital design/fabrication scenario does not strictly fall within a semiotic frame as much as within a quasi biological context, reminiscent of the Aristotelian notion of entelechy. For the digital data does not represent the building as much it actively works to become the building itself. Only upon sending a given file to a machine does the building begin to materialize as an empirical reality, And eventually a habitable space as we empirically know it. And until the digital data actualizes itself, the building qua building is no more than one single, potential possibility among many others. This new universe of digital design/fabrication does not only cause buildings to be produced as quick, precise, multiply-generated objects but also reduces their presence as original entities. Like cars and fashion items, built structures will soon be manufactured as routinely-consumed items that would look original only through the subtle mechanisms of flexibility: frequent alteration of prototype design (Style 2010, Style 2015..) and “perpetual profiling” (mine, yours, hers,..). The generic will necessarily take over the circumstantial. But this truth will be veiled since “customized prototypes” will be produced or altered to individual or personal specifications. This implies that certain “myths” have to be generated to speed up consumption, to stimulate excessive use and to lock people into a continuous system which can generate consumption through a vocabulary of interchangeable, layered and repeatable functions. Samples of “next season’s buildings” will be displayed and disseminated to enforce this strategy of stimulating and channeling desire. A degree of manipulation is involved, and the consumer is flattered into believing that his or her own free assessment of and choice between the options on offer will lead him or her to select the product the advertiser is seeking to sell. From the standpoint of the architect as a maker, the rising upsurge of digital design and fabrication could leave us mourning the loss of what has been a personal stomping ground, namely the intensity of the directly lived experiences of design and building. The direct, sensuous contact with drawings, models and materials is now being lost to a (digital) realm whose attributes refer to physical reality only remotely. Unlike (analogue) drawings and buildings, digital manipulations and prototypes do not exercise themselves in a real space, and are not subjected in the most rigorous way to spatial information. They denote in this sense a loss of immediacy and a withering of corporal thought. This flexible production of space and the consequent loss of immediate experience from the part of the designer will be analyzed within a theoretical framework underpinned mainly by the works of Walter Benjamin. Samples of digitally-produced objects will be used to illustrate this argument.
series ASCAAD
email b.kenzari@uaeu.ac.ae
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id ecaade2010_097
id ecaade2010_097
authors Kontovourkis, Odysseas
year 2010
title Computer-Generated Circulation Diagrams in Macro-Scale Design Investigation
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.623-632
wos WOS:000340629400067
summary This paper demonstrates an ongoing research investigation, which is the continuation of the author’s doctoral research on a computer-based design approach that is used for the generation of circulation diagrams, and the spatial organization of functional areas in macro-scale design level. The paper introduces a computer program that is based on the idea of particle behavior modeling. The program simulates the human movement behavior in real time and in parallel, based on simple rules of interaction between particles. The model is called a ‘virtual force’ model, since the interaction between particles, and hence human movement behavior modeling, is achieved by using various forces that are acting upon each particle. Any changes on the rules of interaction can produce different results, allowing architects to investigate various design possibilities and study the human movement behavior in different design case studies. In this paper the idea of modeling such movement behavior is investigated and developed further, in order for it to be used for the design of circulation systems, and to suggest solutions to problems that occur in public areas of cities.
keywords Circulation diagrams; Human movement behavior; Macro-scale design
series eCAADe
email kontovourkis.o@unic.ac.cy
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac20108104
id ijac20108104
authors Kotnik, Toni
year 2010
title Digital Architectural Design as Exploration of Computable Functions
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 1, 1-16
summary In recent decades, new methodologies have emerged in architectural design that exploit the computer as a design tool. This has generated a varied set of digital skills and a new type of architectural knowledge. However, up to now, a theoretical framework is missing that would allow for a comprehensive pedagogical agenda for the teaching of digital design in architecture. The present paper offers an attempt towards such a theoretical grounding based on the concept of computable functions. This approach results in an abstract and formal perspective on digital design that enables a grouping of contemporary digital design methods and an understanding of their logical relationship. On a theoretical level, it opens a path for the study of the mechanism that facilitates the transfer of concepts from various scientific disciplines into architecture.
series journal
last changed 2010/09/06 06:02

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