CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id sigradi2010_419
id sigradi2010_419
authors Canuto, da Silva Robson; do Eirado Amorim Luiz Manuel
year 2010
title Da arquitetura paramétrica ao urbanismo paramétrico [Of parametric architecture and parametric urbanism]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 419-422
summary In recent decades, there has been an extraordinary advance in the development of parametric design tools, in which the parameters of a particular object are defined, but not the objects’ shape. These technologies have been transferred from design industries to architecture and urbanism to constitute what is known as parametric urbanism, a new trend of urban design development exemplified in the work of Zaha Hadid, whose large scale urban design proposals have frequently applied parametric design tools. This paper analyses the emergence of this new urban theory in order to identify its limits and to introduce future improvements.
keywords parametric urbanism; parametric architecture; parametric design; urban design; space syntax
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ascaad2010_249
id ascaad2010_249
authors Hawker, Ronald; Dina Elkady and Thomas Tucker.
year 2010
title Not Just Another Pretty Face
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 249-260
summary Digital Heritage has gained popularity recently as means of dynamically representing and reconstructing historic buildings and cityscapes. Simultaneously this new medium of visualization affords another approach to examine human-virtual environment interaction and offers possibilities of exploiting virtual environments as educational tools. At Zayed University, a federal university primarily for women citizens of the United Arab Emirates, we have integrated student-faculty research and documented and reconstructed a number of historical buildings within the curriculum of the Department of Art and Design. We have further collaborated with the animation program at Winston Salem State University in North Carolina, utilizing the motion capture laboratory at the Center of Design Innovation to literally breathe life into these reconstructions. The primary idea is to contribute to the ongoing documentation of the country’s heritage through creating “responsive virtual heritage environments” where the spectator is actively engaged in exploring the digital space and gain certain degrees of control over the course and scheme of the dynamic experience. The process begins by introducing students to utilize the diverse capabilities of CAD and three dimensional computer applications and intertwine the technical skills they acquire to construct virtual computer models of indigenous built environments. The workflow between the different applications is crucial to stimulate students’ problem solving abilities and tame the application tools, specifically when constructing complex objects and structural details. In addition the spatial and temporal specificity different computer applications afford has proven useful in highlighting and analyzing the buildings’ function within the extreme climate of the country and their role in the political-economy, particularly in visualizing the ephemeral qualities of the architecture as they relate to passive cooling and the inter-relationships between built and natural environments. Light and time settings clarify shadow casting and explain the placement and orientation of buildings. Particle simulations demonstrate the harnessing of wind and rain both urban and rural settings. The quantitative data accumulated and charted through CAD and VR programs and geo-browsers can be integrated with qualitative data to create a more holistic analytical framework for understanding the complex nature of past settlement patterns. In addition, the dynamic nature of this integration creates a powerful educational tool. This paper reviews this ongoing research project with examples of reconstructions completed across the country, demonstrating analytical and educational possibilities through the integration of CAD programs with a range of other statistical, geographic, and visualization software.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id cf2011_p109
id cf2011_p109
authors Abdelmohsen, Sherif; Lee Jinkook, Eastman Chuck
year 2011
title Automated Cost Analysis of Concept Design BIM Models
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 403-418.
summary AUTOMATED COST ANALYSIS OF CONCEPT DESIGN BIM MODELS Interoperability: BIM models and cost models This paper introduces the automated cost analysis developed for the General Services Administration (GSA) and the analysis results of a case study involving a concept design courthouse BIM model. The purpose of this study is to investigate interoperability issues related to integrating design and analysis tools; specifically BIM models and cost models. Previous efforts to generate cost estimates from BIM models have focused on developing two necessary but disjoint processes: 1) extracting accurate quantity take off data from BIM models, and 2) manipulating cost analysis results to provide informative feedback. Some recent efforts involve developing detailed definitions, enhanced IFC-based formats and in-house standards for assemblies that encompass building models (e.g. US Corps of Engineers). Some commercial applications enhance the level of detail associated to BIM objects with assembly descriptions to produce lightweight BIM models that can be used by different applications for various purposes (e.g. Autodesk for design review, Navisworks for scheduling, Innovaya for visual estimating, etc.). This study suggests the integration of design and analysis tools by means of managing all building data in one shared repository accessible to multiple domains in the AEC industry (Eastman, 1999; Eastman et al., 2008; authors, 2010). Our approach aims at providing an integrated platform that incorporates a quantity take off extraction method from IFC models, a cost analysis model, and a comprehensive cost reporting scheme, using the Solibri Model Checker (SMC) development environment. Approach As part of the effort to improve the performance of federal buildings, GSA evaluates concept design alternatives based on their compliance with specific requirements, including cost analysis. Two basic challenges emerge in the process of automating cost analysis for BIM models: 1) At this early concept design stage, only minimal information is available to produce a reliable analysis, such as space names and areas, and building gross area, 2) design alternatives share a lot of programmatic requirements such as location, functional spaces and other data. It is thus crucial to integrate other factors that contribute to substantial cost differences such as perimeter, and exterior wall and roof areas. These are extracted from BIM models using IFC data and input through XML into the Parametric Cost Engineering System (PACES, 2010) software to generate cost analysis reports. PACES uses this limited dataset at a conceptual stage and RSMeans (2010) data to infer cost assemblies at different levels of detail. Functionalities Cost model import module The cost model import module has three main functionalities: generating the input dataset necessary for the cost model, performing a semantic mapping between building type specific names and name aggregation structures in PACES known as functional space areas (FSAs), and managing cost data external to the BIM model, such as location and construction duration. The module computes building data such as footprint, gross area, perimeter, external wall and roof area and building space areas. This data is generated through SMC in the form of an XML file and imported into PACES. Reporting module The reporting module uses the cost report generated by PACES to develop a comprehensive report in the form of an excel spreadsheet. This report consists of a systems-elemental estimate that shows the main systems of the building in terms of UniFormat categories, escalation, markups, overhead and conditions, a UniFormat Level III report, and a cost breakdown that provides a summary of material, equipment, labor and total costs. Building parameters are integrated in the report to provide insight on the variations among design alternatives.
keywords building information modeling, interoperability, cost analysis, IFC
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id ijac20108403
id ijac20108403
authors Aksamija, Ajla; Ivanka Iordanova
year 2010
title Computational Environments with Multimodal Representations of Architectural Design Knowledge
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 4, p. 439
summary This article discusses interaction between multimodal representations of architectural design knowledge, particularly focusing on relating explicit and implicit types of information. The aim of the presented research is to develop a computational environment that combines several modes of representation, including and integrating different forms of architectural design knowledge. Development of an interactive digital-models library and ontological model of architectural design factors are discussed, which are complementary in nature. In a time when BIM software is seen as embodiment of domain knowledge and the future medium of architectural design, this paper presents an interaction between ontological representation of architectural design knowledge and its embodiment in interactive models, thus focusing on the process of design and design space exploration. In the digital environments that we propose, representation of different formats of knowledge, such as visual, linguistic or numeric, are integrated with relational and procedural information, design rules, and characteristics. Interactive search and query based on contextual constraints, and parametric variation of the model based on the information received from ontology are the underlying drivers for design exploration and development.
series journal
last changed 2011/06/24 06:41

_id sigradi2010_47
id sigradi2010_47
authors Angulo, Antonieta; Mounayar Michel
year 2010
title Virtual Sets: A Mixed Reality Application for an Old Practice
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 47-50
summary This paper chronicles the implementation of state - of - the - art virtual set technology through the teaching of an independent study course at Ball State University. The paper describes the use of independent study formats as a means to initiate teaching of emergent media that does not fit neatly into specific academic silos. In addition to its learning potential this technology offers a new practice area for architects and designers that have an understanding of communication studies and space design at the crossroads of imagination. The creative realm for new emergent media and markets requires new teaching formats, opportunities and challenges for future implementation.
keywords virtual sets, design communications, 3D modeling, design, mixed reality
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ecaade2010_183
id ecaade2010_183
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 2010
title Designing Interactions: A step forward from time based media and synthetic space design in architectural education
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.151-156
wos WOS:000340629400016
summary The paper follows the development of digital tools for architects and briefly discusses their utility within education and practice. The move from static CAD tools to time based media followed by programmatic processes and virtual environment design is addressing the evolution of the profession and to an extent reflects practitioners’ needs. The paper focuses on the notion of interactivity and how it is been addressed in various fields. Borrowing from computer science and game design the author presents a course dealing with designing interactivity, responsiveness and users feeding their input back in the design. The aim of the paper is to analyse and support a new set of tools in architectural curricula that will implement interactivity and integrate it into spatial design leading to a holistic approach promoting intelligence, hybridity and responsiveness of the built environment. Following, the elaboration of the rationale, a brief discussion on tools and project directions is carried out.
keywords Interaction; Virtual environments; Time based media; Curriculum; Intelligent environments
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2017_078
id sigradi2017_078
authors Brandão, Filipe; Ricardo Correia, Alexandra Paio
year 2017
title Rhythms of Renewal of the City
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.534-540
summary In the last few years, building renovation has gained an unprecedented relevance in Portugal, yet it is an asymmetric and urban phenomenon for the study of which, in space and in time, traditional statistic tools have limitations. Using computational tools, it is possible to generate maps that correlate building permits georeferenced data and their processing time. Using Lisbon City Hall database of planning applications and georeferenced vector information, two approaches are developed to represent the internal dynamic of renewal of the city between 2010 and 2016. These maps can be useful to improve the accessibility of planning information to citizens.
keywords Urban renewal; Building renovation; Lisbon; Time; Representation
series SIGraDi
last changed 2018/07/27 08:08

_id ijac20108102
id ijac20108102
authors Budroni, Angela; Jan Boehm
year 2010
title Automated 3D Reconstruction of Interiors from Point Clouds
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 1, 55-73
summary We present a new technique for the fully automated 3D modelling of indoor environments from a point cloud. The point cloud is acquired with several scans and is afterwards processed in order to segment planar structures, which have a noticeable architectural meaning (floor, ceiling and walls) in the interior. The basic approach to data segmentation is plane sweeping based on a hypothesis-and-test strategy. From the segmentation results, the ground plan is created through cell decomposition by trimming the two-dimensional ground space using half-space primitives. An extension in height of the ground contours makes the generation of the 3D model possible. The so-reconstructed indoor model is saved in CAD format for analysis and further applications or, simply, as a record of the interior geometry.
series journal
last changed 2010/09/06 06:02

_id ecaade2012_266
id ecaade2012_266
authors Casucci, Tommaso ; Erioli, Alessio
year 2012
title Behavioural Surfaces: Project for the Architecture Faculty library in Florence
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 339-345
wos WOS:000330322400034
summary Behavioural Surfaces is a thesis project in Architecture discussed on December 2010 at the University of Florence. The project explores the surfacespace relationship in which a surface condition, generated from intensive datascapes derived from environmental data, is able to produce spatial differentiation and modulate structural and environmental preformance. Exploiting material self-organization in sea sponges as surfaces that deploy function and performance through curvature modulation and space defi nition, two different surface definition processes were explored to organize the system hierarchy and its performances at two different scales. At the macroscale, the global shape of the building is shaped on the base of isopotential surfaces while at a more detailed level the multi-performance skin system is defi ned upon the triply periodic minimal surfaces (TPMS).
keywords Digital datascape; Isosurfaces; Material intelligence; Minimal sufaces
series eCAADe
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ijac20108301
id ijac20108301
authors Chok, Kermin; Mark Donofrio
year 2010
title Abstractions for information based design
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 3, pp. 233-256
summary This paper discusses how live linkages between parametric geometry, structural analysis and optimization can be leveraged to explore an architectural massing from different perspectives of optimum assuming a set of cost and value characteristics. Broad performance measures such as program area, cladding surface and structural quantities were computed for each geometry variation and collected. Optimums from different perspectives (structure, developer, designer) were extracted for each height category and compared. To further inform and engage stakeholders, a variety of visualization and filtering techniques have been implemented. These new techniques and associated distillation of data aids the design team in understanding the design space. A script based approach towards geometry and data management has led to a shift towards active option evaluation and a more interactive approach to form exploration. A generic workflow for structural analysis, design and optimization has been implemented and this ability to engineer at a greater velocity will move the design profession towards a more collaborative and information based design environment.
series journal
last changed 2011/03/17 07:19

_id sigradi2010_260
id sigradi2010_260
authors Christakou, Evangelos D.
year 2010
title Luz natural: avaliação dinâmica e interativa nos ambientes arquitetônicos virtuais [Natural light: assessment in dynamic and interactive virtual architectural environments]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 260-263
summary Real time walkthrough is a valuable resource, especially in the early stages of the design process. Assessing how shadows and reflections behave enables architects to make better choices regarding materials, geometry and lighting. Traditional methods do not offer daylight simulations in real time, whereas interactive visualization requires large computational resources to allow an evaluation of behavior of light in architectural space. This project researched virtual environments that permit the real - time generation of interactive scenes that simulate natural light algorithms modeled. The goal of this is to meet the needs of architects when evaluating the changes of a dynamic and synchronous project.
keywords computer simulation, real - time rendering, architectural walkthrough
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id 9eef
id 9eef
authors Christenson, Mike
year 2010
title Registering visual permeability in architecture: Isovists and occlusion maps in AutoLISP
source Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 37(6): 1128–1136
summary In this paper the design and execution of a simple AutoLISP routine for generating a map of plan isovists (in the sense of Benedikt) are discussed. Such a plan field of isovists is a registration of visibility from multiple station points within and around a building. More precisely, the plan field records the cumulative effect, over a spatial matrix, of occluded vision of a distant horizon. Thus, the plan field is termed an occlusion map. An occlusion map registers the effect which an observer's position in space has on their perception of architecture's visual permeability. Occlusion maps are shown here to be an important tool for comparing existing buildings in a historical sense and also as an effective design tool, particularly when an addition to an existing building is being contemplated, as an addition invariably affects the visual permeability of its host.
keywords AutoLISP, visibility, isovist
series journal paper
type normal paper
more doi:10.1068/b36076
last changed 2011/04/13 14:58

_id acadia10_211
id acadia10_211
authors Crawford, Scott
year 2010
title A Breathing Building Skin
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 211-217
summary This paper details an initial exploration into the development of a breathing building skin. This research proposes a system of diaphragms as an alternative to the use of fans for distributing volumes of air. The driving concepts for this project are the three types of evolutionary adaptation: flexibility, acclimation, and learning. Of particular interest is how these biological concepts relate to architectural design. Parametric modeling was used throughout the project to study a family of folding geometry. This allowed for the iterative development of a complex part that is capable of being manufactured from a single sheet of material. Preliminary calculations point to this system being several times more energy efficient than a fan at moving a given volume of air per Watt of electricity. This research is significant as it puts forth a potentially energy efficient and highly integrated alternative to fans, while also illustrating a way of relating biological concepts of adaptation to architectural design.
keywords adaptation, responsive, kinetic, ventilation, space frame, parametric
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id acadia10_117
id acadia10_117
authors Crotch, Joanna; Mantho, Robert; Horner, Martyn
year 2010
title Social Spatial Genesis: Activity Centered Space Making
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 117-124
summary Digital technologies and processes have been used to generate architectural form for over two decades. Recent advances in digital technologies have allowed virtual digital environments to be constructed from physical movement. But can a bridge that connects the physical and virtual realms be developed? Can this, currently arbitrary form making be grounded in human activity and subsequently be integrated in to real time, space, and place. This research asks how space generated from the process of digital morphogenesis can be related to meaning beyond just the creation of form. Existing research asks how new form can be discovered, or what material and structural possibilities can be derived from form, through these morphological processes. The aim of this research project is to complete the loop, physical–virtual–physical, and to connect these digital processes to meaning through human activity. Its aim is to discover the consequences of generated spatial envelopes that are manipulated through digital morphogenesis and related to specific human activity, in the pursuit of possibilities for a digitally generated architecture that is socially engaged. This is not random form finding, wherein architecture tries to imitate biological processes or form, but form finding that is connected to a primary architectural concern, how is the architecture being used by humans.
keywords Social digital morphogenesis, event based, motion capture
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id sigradi2010_347
id sigradi2010_347
authors de Souza, Santos Taís; Leão de Amorim Arivaldo
year 2010
title Modelos dinâmicos para visualização arquitetônica e urbana: limites e possibilidades [Dynamic models for urban and architectural visualization: limits and possibilities]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 347-350
summary In this article we discuss the use of photographic panoramas in the capture of urban space and architecture. The picture is a dynamic and interactive model, which has been used as a tool that assists the apprehension of space, due to its high level of realism. When associated with the virtual tour, this tool is potentialized due to the amount of information that can be added to the application. To illustrate this analysis, two examples were offered at different scales: one aimed at the capture of urban spaces and the second aimed at architectural spaces. In doing so it was possible to compare results and discuss the potential of the tool.
keywords dynamic models; urban visualization, interactivity, virtual tour, photographic panoramas
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id acadia10_110
id acadia10_110
authors Di Raimo; Antonino
year 2010
title Architecture as Caregiver: Human Body - Information - Cognition
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 110-116
summary Recent studies in contemporary architecture have developed a variety of parameters regarding the information paradigm which have consequently brought different results and techniques to the process of architectural design. Thus, the emergence of an ecological thinking environment and its involvement in scientific matters has determined links moving beyond the conventional references that rely on information. It is characterized as an interconnected and dynamic interaction, concerning both a theoretical background and providing, at the same time, appropriate means in the architectural design process (Saggio, 2007, 117). The study is based on the assumption that Information Theory leads into a bidirectional model which is based on interaction. According to it, I want to emphasize the presence of the human body in both the architectural creation process and the use of architectural space. The aim of my study, is consequently an evaluation of how this corporeal view related to the human body, can be organized and interlinked in the process of architectural design. My hypothesis relies on the interactive process between the information paradigm and the ecological one. The integration of this corporeal view influences the whole process of architectural design, improving abilities and knowledge (Figure 1). I like to refer to this as a missing ring, as it occurs within a circular vital system with all its elements closely linked to each other and in particular, emphasizes architecture as a living being.
keywords Architecture, information paradigm, human body, corporeity, cognitive Science, cognition,circularity, living system
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id ecaade2010_193
id ecaade2010_193
authors Dillenburger, Benjamin
year 2010
title Space Index: A retrieval-system for building-plots
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.893-899
wos WOS:000340629400095
summary Increasingly, digital architectural data will become available through information technology. Yet until now, there were no satisfying methods to query this data for architectural purposes. This paper introduces an information retrieval system for parcels that not only allows searching for specific attributes, but also includes properties of shape and context of the building plots. An automatically generated index stores the relevant spatial properties as normalized bitmap images on several layers. When a query is started, only this index has to be queried and not the complete database. The search process can be controlled through a graphical interface that incorporates the user’s sketches. The retrieved parcels are presented as a sorted list of vector drawings including their contained buildings. With the simplified access to these case-studies, quality and efficiency of the architectural design process could be increased.
keywords Architecture-retrieval; Shape matching; Indexing; Operationalization; Urban morphology; Case-based reasoning
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2010_057
id caadria2010_057
authors Feng, Han
year 2010
title Quantum architecture: an indeterministic and interactive computational design system
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 619-628
summary The evolution of computational design technique from mere substitution of hand drawing to customised design algorithms exhibiting a certain degree of intelligence, naturally opens up a new research frontier that studies the relationship between designers and customized design algorithms. Most of current customised architecture design algorithm adopts a deterministic paradigm to raise their design questions, that is to say, given the explicit rules and parameters, only one solution is allowed at each discrete computation step. Due to this deterministic nature, an intuitive and efficient communication between design algorithm and designer is hard to achieve, as there is almost no space for designer to step into the running generative process. This lack of progressive communication channels and the inefficiency of translating perceptual judgment into computer language directly results in the unconscious rejection of non-parameterisable design factors like intuition, aesthetic judgment and associational reasoning that are essential to any design activity. This paper introduces the quantum design paradigm as alternative computation paradigm for constructing an interactive and intuitive design system. An algorithm prototype, probability field, will be introduced to illustrate the logic and possible application of the proposed quantum design paradigm.
keywords Quantum design paradigm; intuition; algorithm prototype; interactivity; probability fi eld
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2012_261
id ecaade2012_261
authors Feringa, Jelle; Sondergaard, Asbjorn
year 2012
title Design and Fabrication of Topologically Optimized Structures; An Integral Approach - A Close Coupling Form Generation and Fabrication
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-3-7, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 495-500
wos WOS:000330320600052
summary Integral structural optimization and fabrication seeks the synthesis of two original approaches; that of topological optimization (TO) and robotic hotwire cutting (HWC) (Mcgee 2011). TO allows for the reduction of up to 70% of the volume of concrete to support a given structure (Sondergaard & Dombernowsky 2011). A strength of the method is that it allows to come up with structural designs that lie beyond the grasp of traditional means of design. A design space is a discretized volume, delimiting where the optimization will take place. The number of cells used to discretize the design space thus sets the resolution of the TO. While the approach of the application of TO as a constitutive design tool centers on structural aspects in the design phase (Xie 2010), the outcome of this process are structures that cannot be realized within a conventional budget. As such the ensuing design is optimal in a narrow sense; whilst optimal structurally though, construction can be prove to be prohibitively expensive.
keywords Topology optimization; robotics; hotwire cutting; EPS formwork; concrete structures
series eCAADe
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id sigradi2010_407
id sigradi2010_407
authors Franco, Lizarazo Fernando Enrique; Aguirre Ramos Javier Adolfo
year 2010
title Distancias: instalación interactiva en el espacio público basada en el uso de dispositivos móviles [Distances: interactive installation in public space, using mobile devices]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 407-410
summary The purpose of this paper is to present the results of research conducted at the ICESI University in Colombia, which was aimed at designing a method of collaborative interaction between individuals in public spaces using mobile devices to express themselves, encounter others, and reflect on public spaces. The result is the design of a prototype—an interactive installation that projects the information sent from cell phones via Bluetooth and text messaging. This content can be transformed by users through a distance sensor.
keywords interactive; public space; collaborative; mobile devices; art
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

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