CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 41 to 60 of 437

_id ecaade2018_204
id ecaade2018_204
authors de Oliveira, Maria Jo?o, Moreira Rato, Vasco and Leit?o, Carla
year 2018
title KINE[SIS]TEM'17 - A methodological process for a Nature-Based Design
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 561-570
summary Architecture is the mediator between the Environment and Humans. Nature maximal performance and minimal resources creations are Humanity inspiration that led us to exceed structural, material, mechanisms, tools, systems and methods boundaries (Oxman, 2010).Nature are the Architect of the most reliable and sustainable systems. Looking into Nature's lessons, this paper presents a Nature-based design methodology conducted during Kine[SIS]tem'17 Shading Systems International Summer School, held by the ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal, between 19th - 30th June 2017. The methodology encompasses two main stages, one before and other during the Summer School. From a pre-definition of context constrains, a nature based design strategy, to a planning of the manufacture and construction still during the phase of development of the design, conducted the Summer School participants through a defined biomimetic process that achieved the construction of 1:1 scale prototype.
keywords Kinesis; Shading; System; Nature-based design
series eCAADe
last changed 2018/07/24 10:23

_id ecaade2010_193
id ecaade2010_193
authors Dillenburger, Benjamin
year 2010
title Space Index: A retrieval-system for building-plots
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.893-899
summary Increasingly, digital architectural data will become available through information technology. Yet until now, there were no satisfying methods to query this data for architectural purposes. This paper introduces an information retrieval system for parcels that not only allows searching for specific attributes, but also includes properties of shape and context of the building plots. An automatically generated index stores the relevant spatial properties as normalized bitmap images on several layers. When a query is started, only this index has to be queried and not the complete database. The search process can be controlled through a graphical interface that incorporates the user’s sketches. The retrieved parcels are presented as a sorted list of vector drawings including their contained buildings. With the simplified access to these case-studies, quality and efficiency of the architectural design process could be increased.
wos WOS:000340629400095
keywords Architecture-retrieval; Shape matching; Indexing; Operationalization; Urban morphology; Case-based reasoning
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2010_053
id ecaade2010_053
authors Felasari, Sushardjanti; Peng, Chengzhi
year 2010
title Enhancing A Virtual City with Collective Memory: A pilot study of Jalan Malioboro in Yogyakarta
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.825-831
summary The paper reports on a pilot study of how a virtual city can be enhanced by interlinking elements of the 3D city model with the city’s collective memory represented in various digital formats. A particular street called Jalan Malioboro in Yogyakarta Indonesia has been modeled and hosted on Google Earth. Through the questionnaires returned by the participating students, we also investigate how collective memory enhanced virtual city (CREATI) could help learners to achieve goals of a particular course. The study shows that CREATI helps students to analyze the task given by providing more historical information related to the street. However it also needs further refinement and evaluation by introducing more interactive features such as enabling students to upload their own design proposals and to post additional information related to the buildings or places.
wos WOS:000340629400088
keywords City modeling; Collective memory; Virtual city; Google Earth; Architectural and urban design; Jalan Malioboro; e-Learning
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2010_179
id ecaade2010_179
authors Fotiadou, Angeliki
year 2010
title Computing Towards Responsive Architecture: Energy based simulation software for responsive structures
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.507-513
summary The paper has two targets: a theoretical and a practical one which are totally dependant on each other: Its first purpose is to prove based on detailed comparative study by use of competent software apparatus that rotation in a building abiding by strict rules of adaptation to environmental changes (climate, season, time of day, sun duration etc.) should be viewed by modern architecture as a sine-qua-non in terms of energy consumption economy, environmental resources protection, achievement of high standards of living in the city. The aforementioned benefits will be evidenced by means of comparison of responsive structures to traditional ones. The second and most important purpose is to elaborate and provide the fundamental data and information for the creation of a supporting software for the above described model. The two in interaction will result in “revolution” in modern architecture.
wos WOS:000340629400055
keywords Simulation software; Responsive architecture; Kinetic; Energy consumption
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia10_379
id acadia10_379
authors Geiger, Jordan; San Fratello, Virginia
year 2010
title Hyperculture: Earth as Interface
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 379-384
summary Digital Fabrication and Hybrid Interface: Lessons in Agriculture :abstract Two vitally important fields of work in architecture and computing—in digital fabrication methods and in the development of interfaces between digital and analog systems—can find new forms in their combination with one another. Moreover, a recent such experiment in the production of landscape rather than building not only suggests a number of implications for architectural work, but of ecological, economic and urban structures that underlie the projects’s visible formal and aesthetic orders. This project, “Hyperculture: Earth as Interface,” studied the potential outcomes of modifying a commonly employed information infrastructure for the optimization of agricultural production throughout most of America’s heartland; and that same infrastructure’s latent flexibility to operate in both “read” and “write” modes, as a means for collaborative input and diversified, shared output. In the context of industrialized agriculture, this work not only negotiates seemingly contradictory demands with diametrically opposed ecological and social outcomes; but also shows the fabrication of landscape as suggestive of other, more architectural applications in the built environment. The Hyperculture project is sited within several contexts: industrial, geographically local, ecological, and within the digital protocols of landscape processing known as “precision agriculture.” Today, these typically work together toward the surprising result of unvariegated repetition, known commonly as monoculture. After decades of monoculture’s proliferation, its numerous inefficiencies have come under broad recent scrutiny, leading to diverse thinking on ways to redress seemingly conflicting demands such as industry’s reliance on mass-production and automation; the demand for variety or customization in consumer markets; and even regulatory inquiries into the ecological and zoning harms brought by undiversified land use. Monoculture, in short, is proving unsustainable from economic, environmental, and even aesthetic and zoning standpoints. But its handling in digital interfaces, remote sensing and algorithmically directed fabrication is not.
keywords GPS, precision agriculture, digital landscape fabrication, interface, analog/digital systems, open source platform, digital fabrication, multi-dimensional scales
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id ecaade2010_029
id ecaade2010_029
authors Germen, Murat; Kavlak, Emrah
year 2010
title Future Users, Future Cities: Dweller as Designer
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.57-64
summary As technology advances, users get more detached from the way things work and are produced. Users end up being pure consumers and leave their positions as decision makers behind. Before the architecture and buildings processes were industrialized, most practitioners of the so-called vernacular architecture were in fact the dwellers of what they built and they easily met the specific personal needs since they were in total control. Some “architectural theorists have turned to vernacular construction with the conviction that such buildings and settlements express the interconnectedness between humans and the landscapes they live in.” (Beesley and Bonnemaison 2008). Considering the present day intense building activity, such relationship of dweller and architecture seems not possible excepting a very few examples to later referred to. This paper will instead focus on the possibility of the non-architect users of architectures as decision makers in order to reach designs that meet the requirements of their addressees.
wos WOS:000340629400005
keywords User driven architecture; Architecture without architects; Architecture as interface; Sustainability; User involvement
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2010_281
id sigradi2010_281
authors Granero, Adriana Edith; Garcia Alvarado Rodrigo
year 2010
title Flujo energético en las etapas tempranas del proceso de diseño arquitectónico y la importancia de generar aprendizajes significativos [Energy flow in early stages of architectural design process, and the importance of creating meaningful learning]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 281-284
summary This proposal seeks to stimulate energy conceptualization in the early stages of architectural design through the visualization of energy conditions as a dialogue in initial design configurations that is based on the integration of two software tools to facilitate meaningful learning. Students today have analytical intelligence that they have acquired through teaching themselves, and this has developed their creativity and their experiential - contextual practice; this permits effective interpretation of symbolic cognition. Digital tools of building, information modeling, and energy analysis can be related to specific features that promote this integrated design learning.
keywords KEY WORDS: performance views, building information modeling, visual and thermal comfort, integrated design learning, efficiency andoptimization.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id ijac20108105
id ijac20108105
authors Grobman, Yasha Jacob; Abraham Yezioro; Isaac Guedi Capeluto
year 2010
title Non-Linear Architectural Design Process
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 1, 41-54
summary The introduction of the computer to the architectural design process have facilitated the possibility to examine a large number of design alternatives by allowing continuous variation between pre defined constraints. However, for the most part, evaluation and comparison of the alternatives is still handled manually in a linear fashion by the designer. This paper introduces a different approach to the architectural design process, which calls for a multithreaded or a non-linear design process. In a non-linear design process design directions and alternatives are generated, presented and evaluated simultaneously, and in real time. As an example for a non-linear design process the Generative Performance Oriented Design model and software tool (GenPOD) are presented and discussed. Moving towards non-linear modes of design arguably increases design creativity by allowing generating and evaluating a greater number and variation of design alternatives.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2010_048
id caadria2010_048
authors Gu, Ning; Vishal Singh and Xiangyu Wang
year 2010
title Applying augmented reality for data interaction and collaboration in BIM
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 511-520
summary Building Information Modelling (BIM) is expected to enable efficient collaboration, improved data integrity, distributed and flexible data sharing, intelligent documentation, and high-quality outcome, through enhanced performance analysis, and expedited multi-disciplinary planning and coordination. Despite these apparent benefits, the collaboration across the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) disciplines is largely based on the exchange of 2D drawings. This paper reports the findings from a research project that aims at developing measures to enhance BIM-based collaboration in the AEC industry. Based on focus group interviews with industry participants and case studies of BIM applications, visualisation was identified as an interactive platform across the design and non-design disciplines. It is argued that visualisation can enhance the motivation for BIM-based collaboration through integration of advanced visualisation techniques such as virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR). An AR interface for a BIM server is also presented and discussed in the paper. AR can open up potential opportunities for exploring alternatives to data representation, organisation and interaction, supporting seamless collaboration in BIM.
keywords BIM; augmented reality; design collaboration
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2010_168
id ecaade2010_168
authors Halatsch, Jan; Caro, Thomas; Moser, Bruno; Schmitt, Gerhard
year 2010
title A Grammar-based Procedural Design Guideline Visualization Diagram for the Development of SVA Masdar
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.833-840
summary Nowadays, a large set of involved planning parties are heavily demanded with the definition of holistic in kind requirement specifications for urban planning sites – so called future cities. However, the resulting amountof specifications for a specific building project poses a great challenge to designers and planners especially when it comes to include this information into their design proposals for a sustainable urban development. These design performance criteria are traditionally expressed in textual and numerical planning guidelines and which are making it difficult to establish a comprehensive and holistic view onto the domain itself. Therefore we present in this paper a design guide visualization method to overcome this situation for the evaluation of design specification and urban layouts in a qualitative and quantitative manner.
wos WOS:000340629400089
keywords Sustainable urban patterns; Shape grammars; Design evaluation; Urban planning; Design guide translation
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2010_145
id ascaad2010_145
authors Hamani, Dalil; Jean Michel Olive and Farid Ameziane
year 2010
title Cooperative Work Based on Numerical Tools in the Building Production
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 145-160
summary This article presents the contribution of our research to the description of the built elements in the site where information is shared by partners who are distant from one another and focused on fields of expertise that are distinct but concurrent. Our work aims to provide an information system that promotes cooperation between the buildings actors, by sharing a unique data model among the partners involved in the building construction processes. It takes into account the technical data needed in the different phases of the supply chain management cycle in the construction field. To answer a cooperative context, our work is based on the fundamental assumption that it is possible to structure a building description following the economist’s view point. During the implementation phase, the different activities on a building site can be described as a model that integrates all the related tasks and includes all the work practices and requirements shared among the partners of the architectural project.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id ecaade2010_065
id ecaade2010_065
authors Hardy, Steve(n); Lundberg, Jonas
year 2010
title Environmental Catalysts for a Computational Urbanism
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.805-814
summary It is perhaps no longer relevant to discuss digital tools purely as means in themselves; the growth of abstract systems or computational patterns for their own sake simply strain justification in light of real-world concerns such as climate change and economic crises. While growing concerns over climate change have necessitated an increased interest in sustainable urbanism and design, sustainability has done little to yet alter the morphological and typological consequences of architectural space (Hardy, 2008). In a series of overlapping research projects and design studio briefs, students, research assistants and we worked with the iterative and variable processes of Rhinoscript, McNeel’s Grasshopper and Bentley’s Generative Components to explore the possibilities of changing environmental extremes (specifically flooding) as catalysts for providing new urban morphologies and spatial organizations. Working between the master plan and the individual housing unit, we investigated arrays of terrace homes in the London Thames Valley flood zones while simultaneously exploring the potential for computational generation and parametric optimization.
wos WOS:000340629400086
keywords Computational urbanism; Formative strategies; Parametric design; Adaptive vs. mitagative; Environmental formations
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2010_249
id ascaad2010_249
authors Hawker, Ronald; Dina Elkady and Thomas Tucker.
year 2010
title Not Just Another Pretty Face
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 249-260
summary Digital Heritage has gained popularity recently as means of dynamically representing and reconstructing historic buildings and cityscapes. Simultaneously this new medium of visualization affords another approach to examine human-virtual environment interaction and offers possibilities of exploiting virtual environments as educational tools. At Zayed University, a federal university primarily for women citizens of the United Arab Emirates, we have integrated student-faculty research and documented and reconstructed a number of historical buildings within the curriculum of the Department of Art and Design. We have further collaborated with the animation program at Winston Salem State University in North Carolina, utilizing the motion capture laboratory at the Center of Design Innovation to literally breathe life into these reconstructions. The primary idea is to contribute to the ongoing documentation of the country’s heritage through creating “responsive virtual heritage environments” where the spectator is actively engaged in exploring the digital space and gain certain degrees of control over the course and scheme of the dynamic experience. The process begins by introducing students to utilize the diverse capabilities of CAD and three dimensional computer applications and intertwine the technical skills they acquire to construct virtual computer models of indigenous built environments. The workflow between the different applications is crucial to stimulate students’ problem solving abilities and tame the application tools, specifically when constructing complex objects and structural details. In addition the spatial and temporal specificity different computer applications afford has proven useful in highlighting and analyzing the buildings’ function within the extreme climate of the country and their role in the political-economy, particularly in visualizing the ephemeral qualities of the architecture as they relate to passive cooling and the inter-relationships between built and natural environments. Light and time settings clarify shadow casting and explain the placement and orientation of buildings. Particle simulations demonstrate the harnessing of wind and rain both urban and rural settings. The quantitative data accumulated and charted through CAD and VR programs and geo-browsers can be integrated with qualitative data to create a more holistic analytical framework for understanding the complex nature of past settlement patterns. In addition, the dynamic nature of this integration creates a powerful educational tool. This paper reviews this ongoing research project with examples of reconstructions completed across the country, demonstrating analytical and educational possibilities through the integration of CAD programs with a range of other statistical, geographic, and visualization software.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id cf2011_p027
id cf2011_p027
authors Herssens, Jasmien; Heylighen Ann
year 2011
title A Framework of Haptic Design Parameters for Architects: Sensory Paradox Between Content and Representation
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 685-700.
summary Architects—like other designers—tend to think, know and work in a visual way. In design research, this way of knowing and working is highly valued as paramount to design expertise (Cross 1982, 2006). In case of architecture, however, it is not only a particular strength, but may as well be regarded as a serious weakness. The absence of non-visual features in traditional architectural spatial representations indicates how these are disregarded as important elements in conceiving space (Dischinger 2006). This bias towards vision, and the suppression of other senses—in the way architecture is conceived, taught and critiqued—results in a disappearance of sensory qualities (Pallasmaa 2005). Nevertheless, if architects design with more attention to non visual senses, they are able to contribute to more inclusive environments. Indeed if an environment offers a range of sensory triggers, people with different sensory capacities are able to navigate and enjoy it. Rather than implementing as many sensory triggers as possible, the intention is to make buildings and spaces accessible and enjoyable for more people, in line with the objective of inclusive design (Clarkson et al. 2007), also called Design for All or Universal Design (Ostroff 2001). Within this overall objective, the aim of our study is to develop haptic design parameters that support architects during design in paying more attention to the role of haptics, i.e. the sense of touch, in the built environment by informing them about the haptic implications of their design decisions. In the context of our study, haptic design parameters are defined as variables that can be decided upon by designers throughout the design process, and the value of which determines the haptic characteristics of the resulting design. These characteristics are based on the expertise of people who are congenitally blind, as they are more attentive to non visual information, and of professional caregivers working with them. The parameters do not intend to be prescriptive, nor to impose a particular method. Instead they seek to facilitate a more inclusive design attitude by informing designers and helping them to think differently. As the insights from the empirical studies with people born blind and caregivers have been reported elsewhere (Authors 2010), this paper starts by outlining the haptic design parameters resulting from them. Following the classification of haptics into active, dynamic and passive touch, the built environment unfolds into surfaces that can act as “movement”, “guiding” and/or “rest” plane. Furthermore design techniques are suggested to check the haptic qualities during the design process. Subsequently, the paper reports on a focus group interview/workshop with professional architects to assess the usability of the haptic design parameters for design practice. The architects were then asked to try out the parameters in the context of a concrete design project. The reactions suggest that the participating architects immediately picked up the underlying idea of the parameters, and recognized their relevance in relation to the design project at stake, but that their representation confronts us with a sensory paradox: although the parameters question the impact of the visual in architectural design, they are meant to be used by designers, who are used to think, know and work in a visual way.
keywords blindness, design parameters, haptics, inclusive design, vision
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id ijac20108302
id ijac20108302
authors Hladik, Pavel; Clive J Lewis
year 2010
title Singapore National Stadium Roof
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 3, pp. 257-278
summary The case study focuses on design of the Singapore National Stadium roof and its architectural and structural constraints. The dialog between performance form generation and aesthetics was challenged through several design iterations and is critically reviewed in this paper. The collaboration of engineers and architects gave a form to this significant building that was slightly changed several times due to various conditions. The complex shape of the dome structure was resolved in one parametric model that could react on aesthetical and structural requirements. The landmark roof structure generated in computer had to be evaluated by designers and presented to decision making bodies.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ijac20108205
id ijac20108205
authors Holzer, Dominik
year 2010
title Optioneering in Collaborative Design Practice
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 2, 165-182
summary The discourse about computational support of collaborative architectural design has in recent years mainly focused on the topic of Building Information Modeling (BIM). In this paper, the method of ‘optioneering’ is presented that, in contrast to current BIM capabilities, assists designers and consultants to resolve design problems through integrated analyses across disciplines in the early stages of design. Although the method of ‘optioneering’ has only recently been adapted in building practice, it has been preceded by manifold efforts by researchers in the field of design and computation over the past two decades.At the end of this paper the computational framework ‘DesignLink’ will be discussed.‘DesignLink’ supports ‘optioneering’ in the design stages before BIM becomes effective and it is currently being developed and used to support performance optimisation of building projects in practice.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2010_016
id caadria2010_016
authors Ji, Guohua and Huijie Liu
year 2010
title Automatic planning of residential quarter under insolation condition based on multi-agent simulation
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 165-174
summary Based on Multi-Agent Simulation principle, this study establishes an automatic layout model for planning residential buildings under the constraint of insolation condition, programmed with NetLogo. According to the residential planning regulations, our model respectively deals with two kinds of constraint -sunshine spacing and sunshine duration.
keywords Residential planning; multi-agent simulation; NetLogo; sunshine spacing; sunshine duration
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2010_148
id ecaade2010_148
authors Joyce, Sam; Tabak, Vincent; Sharma, Shrikant; Williams, Chris
year 2010
title Applied Multi-Scale Design and Optimization for People Flow
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.633-639
summary This paper presents an overview of the current developments in people flow analysis in Buro Happold’s analytical group SMART Solutions. The role of people flow analysis has become an established one, within many leading consultancy firms with their own specialist groups supporting the architects and planners in the design of buildings and urban spaces. This paper proposes that the key development in the progression of this work is a due to a change in emphasis, away from a passive analysis task where its key role is to validate assumptions of flow and alleviate areas of high concern to using the process as a design instigator/driver. The new paradigm emerging, involves calculating people flow at the conceptual stage of a project in collaboration with the respective architectural firm, and using this information as a primary design input. This paper describes and analyses the two objectives set out by Buro Happold’s SMART group in order to improve the process of design; firstly to make it more prominent in the design environment and secondly to see if it has the potential to work as a design driver. These objectives create a design methodology defined by people flow and suggest value in innovating and conceiving of robust simple methods of improving designs.
wos WOS:000340629400068
keywords People flow; Pedestrian flow; Multi-objective optimization; Masterplanning; Network analysis
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2010_097
id ascaad2010_097
authors Kenzari, Bechir
year 2010
title Generative Design and the Reduction of Presence
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 97-106
summary Digital design/fabrication is slowly emancipating architectural design from its traditional static/representational role and endowing it instead with a new, generative function. In opposition to the classical isomorphism between drawings and buildings, wherein the second stand as translations of the first, the digital design/fabrication scenario does not strictly fall within a semiotic frame as much as within a quasi biological context, reminiscent of the Aristotelian notion of entelechy. For the digital data does not represent the building as much it actively works to become the building itself. Only upon sending a given file to a machine does the building begin to materialize as an empirical reality, And eventually a habitable space as we empirically know it. And until the digital data actualizes itself, the building qua building is no more than one single, potential possibility among many others. This new universe of digital design/fabrication does not only cause buildings to be produced as quick, precise, multiply-generated objects but also reduces their presence as original entities. Like cars and fashion items, built structures will soon be manufactured as routinely-consumed items that would look original only through the subtle mechanisms of flexibility: frequent alteration of prototype design (Style 2010, Style 2015..) and “perpetual profiling” (mine, yours, hers,..). The generic will necessarily take over the circumstantial. But this truth will be veiled since “customized prototypes” will be produced or altered to individual or personal specifications. This implies that certain “myths” have to be generated to speed up consumption, to stimulate excessive use and to lock people into a continuous system which can generate consumption through a vocabulary of interchangeable, layered and repeatable functions. Samples of “next season’s buildings” will be displayed and disseminated to enforce this strategy of stimulating and channeling desire. A degree of manipulation is involved, and the consumer is flattered into believing that his or her own free assessment of and choice between the options on offer will lead him or her to select the product the advertiser is seeking to sell. From the standpoint of the architect as a maker, the rising upsurge of digital design and fabrication could leave us mourning the loss of what has been a personal stomping ground, namely the intensity of the directly lived experiences of design and building. The direct, sensuous contact with drawings, models and materials is now being lost to a (digital) realm whose attributes refer to physical reality only remotely. Unlike (analogue) drawings and buildings, digital manipulations and prototypes do not exercise themselves in a real space, and are not subjected in the most rigorous way to spatial information. They denote in this sense a loss of immediacy and a withering of corporal thought. This flexible production of space and the consequent loss of immediate experience from the part of the designer will be analyzed within a theoretical framework underpinned mainly by the works of Walter Benjamin. Samples of digitally-produced objects will be used to illustrate this argument.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id ecaade2010_167
id ecaade2010_167
authors Kunze, Antje; Schmitt, Gerhard
year 2010
title A Conceptual Framework for the Formulation of Stakeholder Requirements
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.697-705
summary We need to face challenging needs for the planning of sustainable future cities. New methods in urban simulation enhance significantly the early urban design phase. However, these promising methods will only be sustainable if they consider stakeholder participation from the very beginning. Therefore we propose a conceptual framework for the formulation of stakeholder requirements, which enables the iterative modification of an urban model inside participatory workshops. A special emphasis concentrates on environmental, social and economical factors. The requirements posed by the stakeholders are instantly transferred into urban design patterns. Each single pattern stands for a solution for a specific problem that is integrated and visualized in a procedural model. Our goal is to create a participatory process that takes advantages by the use of comprehensive urban design patterns. The results are integrated within an interactive procedural model that communicate the most important guidelines for the planning of sustainable future cities.
wos WOS:000340629400075
keywords Decision-making process; Stakeholder participation; Shape grammars; Urban patterns; Urban planning
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

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