CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 101 to 120 of 437

_id caadria2010_003
id caadria2010_003
authors Vaughan, Josephine and Michael J. Ostwald
year 2010
title Refining a computational fractal method of analysis: testing Bovill’s architectural data
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 29-38
summary In 1996 Bovill applied Mandelbrot’s fractal method for calculating the approximate visual complexity of images to architecture. This method is one of only a limited number of quantifiable approaches to provide a measure of the relative complexity of an architectural form. However, the method has rarely been tested despite many scholars uncritically repeating Bovill’s conclusions. While Bovill’s original work was calculated manually, a software program, Archimage, is presently being developed by the authors as a tool to assist architectural designers and researchers to understand the visual complexity of building designs. The present research returns to Bovill’s original architectural data (elevations of famous buildings) and re-calculates the results published therein using Archimage and the commercial software Benoit. These results are then compvared with those produced by Bovill (1996) and Lorenz (2003), to determine if any consistency can be found between the sets. The level of consistency will assist in determining the validity of Bovill’s method and provide important data in the ongoing process to refine the Archimage software and the analytical method.
keywords Computational analysis tools; design analysis; visual complexity
series CAADRIA
email Josephine.Vaughan@newcastle.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2010_079
id ecaade2010_079
authors Wissen Hayek, Ulrike; Neuenschwander, Noemi; Halatsch, Jan; Gre_t-Regamey, Adrienne
year 2010
title Procedural Modeling of Urban Green Space Pattern Designs Taking into Account Ecological Parameters
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.339-347
summary Cities all over the world are challenged by increasing the quality of life of urban citizens in order to ensure sustainable urban development. However, a lot of policies and planning fail in integrating environmental aspects in a way that makes them applicable for design leading to rather unsustainable developments. This paper presents an approach to integrate ecological parameters into urban design using a procedural, shape grammar driven modeling and visualization system. Design specifications and ecological goals given in the Masterplan of MASDAR City derived as an application example for the workflow. We used the concept of ecosystem services to break down the ecological process knowledge to design rules and meaningful, quantifiable spatial indicators. Our results demonstrate the application of the proposed approach covering different planning scales (district and building level). The integrated model suits as an assessment tool that can be used to test urban design alternatives on the ecological functioning as a starting point for architects.
wos WOS:000340629400036
keywords City modeling; Shape grammar; Ecological indicators; Urban ecosystem services; Sustainable urban patterns
series eCAADe
email wissen@nsl.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac20108207
id ijac20108207
authors Wurzer, Gabriel
year 2010
title Schematic Systems - Constraining Functions Through Processes (and Vice Versa)
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 2, 201-217
summary We propose a novel computer-based design method for planning process-driven buildings which extends the traditional architectural schema to include processes. Each function in the schema can be tied to a process, giving us the ability to find (1.) functions that are not present in any process (2.) processes that lack some of their required functions. As benefit of our approach, we can keep functional program and process models of the building consistent and help bridge the communication gap between process planners and architects, simulating the entered processes as we go along.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ecaade2010_136
id ecaade2010_136
authors Yan, Wei
year 2010
title Teaching Building Information Modeling at Undergraduate and Graduate Levels
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.97-106
summary The paper presents our experience and findings of teaching Building Information Modeling (BIM) at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. At the undergraduate level for Environmental Design students, basic BIM concept and modeling were exercised. At the graduate level for Ph.D. and MS students in Architecture, MArch students, and MS students in Construction Science, advanced topics including parametric design, database, Application Programming Interface (API), and building lifecycle applications of BIM were introduced. We suggest an incremental BIM skill development with a course agenda, for example: first year college – modeling; second year and third year – simulation and analysis for building systems; and fourth year and above until graduate level – customization. Detailed description of the courses, strategies, student projects, findings, and discussions are given in the paper.
wos WOS:000340629400010
keywords Building information modeling; Education; Undergraduate; Graduate
series eCAADe
email wyan@tamu.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2010_005
id ascaad2010_005
authors Yen-Wen Cheng; Nancy
year 2010
title Sustainability Through Teamwork: Using Social Media to Drive Collaborative Eco-Projects
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 5-18
summary Computers amplify our ability to reach our goals. They allow us to examine multiple facets of complex questions and illuminate possibilities to generate better solutions. Focusing these efforts towards the crucial environmental problems can give meaning and purpose to the work.
series ASCAAD
email nywc@uoregon.edu
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id ecaade2010_171
id ecaade2010_171
authors Achten, Henri; Kopriva, Milos
year 2010
title A Design Methodological Framework for Interactive Architecture
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.169-177
summary Interactive architecture is a fairly recent phenomenon enabled through new materials and technologies. Through experimentation architects are coping with questions of changeability, adaptability, and interaction. However, there are no comprehensive design methods to support this type of architecture. In this paper we aim to bring together methods that can support the design of interactive architecture. The methods are ordered in a methodological framework that provides an overview of possible approaches.
wos WOS:000340629400018
keywords Design methods; Interactive architecture
series eCAADe
email achten@fa.cvut.cz
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac20108403
id ijac20108403
authors Aksamija, Ajla; Ivanka Iordanova
year 2010
title Computational Environments with Multimodal Representations of Architectural Design Knowledge
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 4, p. 439
summary This article discusses interaction between multimodal representations of architectural design knowledge, particularly focusing on relating explicit and implicit types of information. The aim of the presented research is to develop a computational environment that combines several modes of representation, including and integrating different forms of architectural design knowledge. Development of an interactive digital-models library and ontological model of architectural design factors are discussed, which are complementary in nature. In a time when BIM software is seen as embodiment of domain knowledge and the future medium of architectural design, this paper presents an interaction between ontological representation of architectural design knowledge and its embodiment in interactive models, thus focusing on the process of design and design space exploration. In the digital environments that we propose, representation of different formats of knowledge, such as visual, linguistic or numeric, are integrated with relational and procedural information, design rules, and characteristics. Interactive search and query based on contextual constraints, and parametric variation of the model based on the information received from ontology are the underlying drivers for design exploration and development.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2011_052
id caadria2011_052
authors Al-Kazzaz, Dhuha A. and Alan Bridges
year 2011
title Assessing innovation in hybrid designs using shape grammars
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 545-554
summary Al-kazzaz et al (2010) described hybrid adaption technique to generate innovative designs from heterogeneous precedents using shape grammars. An evaluation of the degree of innovation in the hybrid designs gave feedback to grammar users before and after applying a rule. Innovation was assessed using variables derived from the internal structure of the grammar such as: the number of antecedents in the corpus having the same rule; the number of rules in a subclass rule set having the same geometry; etc. However, the validity of the innovation assessment was unclear and the use of the feedback measures was not demonstrated. Accordingly, this study aims to verify the credibility of the innovation measures and to identify the independent variables that a user can control to achieve a significant impact on each innovation measure as a dependent variable.
keywords Shape grammars; hybrid design; innovation assessment
series CAADRIA
email dhuha.abdul-aziz@strath.ac.uk
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2010_022
id ecaade2010_022
authors Al-kazzaz, Dhuha; Bridges, Alan; Chase, Scott
year 2010
title Shape Grammars for Innovative Hybrid Typological Design
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.187-195
summary This paper describes a new methodology of deriving innovative hybrid designs using shape grammars of heterogeneous designs. The method is detailed within three phases of shape grammars: analysis, synthesis and evaluation. In the analysis phase, the research suggests that original rules of each design component are grouped in subclass rule sets to facilitate rule choices. Additionally, adding new hybrid rules to original rules expands the options available to the grammar user. In the synthesis phase, the research adopts state labels and markers to drive the design generation. The former is implemented with a user guide grammar to ensure hybridity in the generated design, while the latter aims to ensure feasible designs. Lastly evaluation criteria are added to measure the degree of innovation of the hybrid designs. This paper describes the derivation of hybrid minaret designs from a corpus of heterogeneous traditional minaret designs.
wos WOS:000340629400020
keywords Shape grammar; Parallel grammar; Hybrid design; Typology
series eCAADe
email dhuha.abdul-aziz@strath.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2010_022
id caadria2010_022
authors Ambrose, Michael A. and Lisa Lacharité-Lostritto
year 2010
title Representation in a time of re-presentation: design media processes in architectural education
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 229-238
summary This paper examines what is appropriate and valuable to include in architectural education in light of changing representational conventions and techniques. Architecture finds itself at a unique moment in time where the means of production for the profession, and indeed the entire discipline, are transforming and fundamentally undermine the existing models of education, production and understanding. The threat to architecture education is that architecture becomes learned techniques rather than a way of operating within a body of knowledge that grows and responds to its context. These digital media processes offer contemporary education new and challenging ways to communicate ideas, sometimes subverting the imperative for “drawing” as the representation does not refer to information in the abstract, but IS the information quite literally.
keywords Design education; design theory; digital design representation
series CAADRIA
email ambrosem@umd.edu
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_005
id caadria2010_005
authors Anay, Hakan
year 2010
title Computational aspects of a design process: Mario Botta’s single-family house in Breganzona
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 49-58
summary The present study aims to foreground and investigate computational aspects of the design process of Mario Botta’s single-family house in Breganzona. Through the selected case, it mainly addresses the research question, “what are the computational aspects of the examined design process and what is the nature of such aspects?” or, otherwise formulated, “what aspects of such a design process could be formalised, and thus, represented or explained in computational terms?” The study primarily involves analysis and investigation of the “material”; the sketches and the drawings produced during the design process and through this material, reinterpretation, and hypothetical reconstruction of the process. The material is taken as the container of design ideas / concepts and operations, and a formal / conceptual analysis is employed to foreground and extract this content.
keywords Design process; design analysis; design computation; design knowledge
series CAADRIA
email hakananay@yahoo.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia10_125
id acadia10_125
authors Andersen, Paul; Salomon, David
year 2010
title The Pattern That Connects
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 125-132
summary While patterns have a spotty history in architecture, their definitions and uses in other fields offer new possibilities for design. This paper examines those definitions and uses—including theories put forward by architectural theorist, Christopher Alexander; art educator, Gyorgy Kepes; chemist, Ilya Prigogine; and anthropologist, Gregory Bateson. Of particular interest is the shift from eternal, essential, universal, and fundamental patterns to fleeting, superficial, specific, and incidental versions. While endemic to many contemporary architectural practices, this multifaceted view of patterns was anticipated by Bateson, who saw them as agents of evolution and learning. His desire to combine redundancy and noise offers architects new ways to understand patterns and use them to link form and information, matter and thought.
keywords pattern, Bateson, evolution, noise, redundancy, feedback
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email Paul@indiearchitecture.com
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id sigradi2010_47
id sigradi2010_47
authors Angulo, Antonieta; Mounayar Michel
year 2010
title Virtual Sets: A Mixed Reality Application for an Old Practice
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 47-50
summary This paper chronicles the implementation of state - of - the - art virtual set technology through the teaching of an independent study course at Ball State University. The paper describes the use of independent study formats as a means to initiate teaching of emergent media that does not fit neatly into specific academic silos. In addition to its learning potential this technology offers a new practice area for architects and designers that have an understanding of communication studies and space design at the crossroads of imagination. The creative realm for new emergent media and markets requires new teaching formats, opportunities and challenges for future implementation.
keywords virtual sets, design communications, 3D modeling, design, mixed reality
series SIGRADI
email aangulo@bsu.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ecaade2010_118
id ecaade2010_118
authors Araneda, Claudio
year 2010
title Urban Protophenomenon: Introducing the notion of primordial phenomenon in urbanism
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.207-215
summary This paper aims to draw the necessary distinctions in order to contribute to identify, among all the objects that populate our world of perception, the urbanist´s own object of study. In systemic jargon, it aims to distinguish that elemental unity that ensures that a phenomenon is an urban one and none other. This, in order to help to distinguish in turn the urbanist´s own field of action. It calls into question the widespread belief that this object of study might be the already built city as current academic and professional tradition dictates and postulates instead the study of the urban protophenomenonalternatively, of the archetypal citizen- as a genuinely urban route for the attainment of urban knowledge.
wos WOS:000340629400022
keywords Urban phenomenon; Architectural phenomenon; Urban protophenomenon; Architectural protophenomenon; Phenomenology
series eCAADe
email araneda@aaschool.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2010_320
id sigradi2010_320
authors Ariel, Moreira Alejandro
year 2010
title Modelos digitales de representación de lo real como estrategia de management alternativo en la práctica profesional arquitectónica [Digital models of representation of reality as an alternative management strategy in architectural practice]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 320-323
summary An architectural project is designed in weeks or months—sometimes in places far from the construction site—and is built in years. The challenge of design is more than creating a three - dimensional digital (3D) model that includes all available information; visualization and communication throughout the entire process is crucial due to the global nature of contemporary architectural practice. This study asks: What tool would satisfy this need for communication? The objective of this paper is to explore these issues and propose an answer to this query based on flexible management to solve them.
keywords technological integration, BIM, IPD, knowledge management, digital model of reality
series SIGRADI
email amoreira@fadu.unl.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2010_209
id sigradi2010_209
authors Aroztegui, Carmen
year 2010
title Superficies adulteradas: el muro en línea y la representación fílmica [Adulterated surfaces: the online wall and conematic representation]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 209-212
summary Online communities use a “wall” as a place to articulate non - synchronic communication among its members. Such a place, however, poorly explores the metaphor of the wall as a means of enhancing online experiences. Online “walls” do not explore or challenge the richness of a real wall, and they do not embrace new experiences that are only possible in the digital world. In order to tackle these issues, this paper analyzes three movie scenes where the everyday perception of the wall is altered by madness and estrangement. Finally, the paper suggests how these perceptions of the wall could be integrated into interfaces using touch screen technologies.
keywords online, wall, metaphor, film, representation
series SIGRADI
email aroztegui@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ecaade2010_229
id ecaade2010_229
authors Aschwanden, Gideon D. P. A.; Wullschleger, Tobias; Müller, Hanspeter; Schmitt, Gerhard
year 2010
title Agent based Emission Evaluation of Traffic in Dynamic City Models
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.717-726
summary We present a simulation platform to evaluate procedurally generated 3d city models with a set of agents representing urban street actors and pedestrians towards greenhouse gas emissions from transportation. Our aim is to give architects and urban planners an empiric tool to analyze, predict and quantify traffic fluctuations over time, and define the number of occupants, individual traffic and public transport in a city. In this project we show that the allocation of functions within a city is an important factor for the appearanceof traffic. The occupant’s decisions where they want to go are defined by the allocation of functions – and the distance defines the mode of transportation. We simulate the decision processes and gain information about the path, the mode of transportation, and the emissions they produce, and individual experiences like stress and effort. The autonomous driving cars are equipped with an acceleration based emission model allowing us to evaluate the inpact of jammed streets on the emission of cars.
wos WOS:000340629400077
keywords Urban planning; Multi-agent system; Generative city model; Occupant movement; Traffic emission
series eCAADe
email aschwanden@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac20108401
id ijac20108401
authors Attar, Ramtin; Robert Aish, Jos Stam, et al.
year 2010
title Embedded Rationality: A Unified Simulation Framework for Interactive Form Finding
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 4, p. 39
summary This paper describes embedded rationality as a method for implicitly combining fabrication constraints into an interactive framework for conceptual design. While the concept of ‘embedded rationality’ has been previously discussed in the context of a parametric design environment, we employ this concept to present a novel framework for dynamic simulation as a method for interactive form-finding. By identifying categories of computational characteristics, we present a unified physics-solver that generalizes existing simulations through a constraint-based approach. Through several examples we explore conceptual approaches to a fixed form where the resulting effects of interacting forces are produced in real-time. Finally, we provide an example of embedded rationality by examining a constraint-based model of fabrication rationale for a Planar Offset Quad (POQ) panelization system.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ecaade2010_196
id ecaade2010_196
authors Augustynowicz, Edyta; Sixt, Stefanie; Georgakopoulou, Sofia
year 2010
title Attractive City - An Interactive City Generator
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.379-387
summary The Attractive City Generator is an interactive installation with which users can create or rearrange virtual cities by placing and moving physical objects. Through the set of simple inputs that the users provide and which represent city areas, landscapes or landmarks, the ACG is capable of creating complex and growing cities. In addition, a plethora of factual feedback on these cities is calculated. Becoming physically involved enhances the learningprocess and increases the user’s interest. The users are drawn to the colourful and simple interface. Due to the practical feedback that the city returns, the users can feel more attached to the city they have created. A dynamic dialogue is formed between the city and its creators, that involves the wishes of the users versus the needs of the virtual city, the practical interaction on the table versus the theoretical calculations taking place inside the computer, the physical input versus the digital output.
wos WOS:000340629400040
keywords Interactivity; City planning; Human-computer interface; L-system; Developmental models
series eCAADe
email edytaau@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2010_029
id caadria2010_029
authors Baerlecken, Daniel; Martin Manegold, Judith Reitz and Arne Kuenstler
year 2010
title Integrative parametric form-finding processes
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 303-312
summary The recent developments in digital technologies and contemporary design tools are initiating new approaches of form-finding based on parametric development of multiple geometries with simultaneous consideration of various aspects. This paper focuses on the use of advanced parametric CAD systems and reformulated construction logics to enhance the potential and possibilities of form finding processes. This approach is exemplified through the “Greenhouse Trauttmansdorff project”. The project demonstrates a form finding approach which is based on defined parameters that not only fulfil aesthetic and functional aspects, but simultaneously take structural properties and the resulting sun shading behaviour into account. We will explore within this paper how – next to the functional and contextual building requirements – required illumination levels inside the greenhouse create a feedback loop between the structural system and its cladding system.
keywords parametric representations; digital technologies; digital fabrication; variable systems; load bearing construction
series CAADRIA
email baerlecken@bfrlab.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

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