CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 21 to 40 of 437

_id ecaade2010_092
id ecaade2010_092
authors Zhang, Ji; Heng, Chye Kiang; Hii, Daniel Jun Chung; Janssen, Patrick; Malone-Lee, Lai Choo; Tan, Beng Kiang
year 2010
title Evaluating the Environmental Implications of Density: A comparative case study on the relationship between density, urban block typology and sky view factor performance
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.515-527
summary This study explores the relationship between density, built form typologies and their respective environmental quality in terms of Sky View Factor (SVF) distribution on both the facade and ground levels by examining representative residential precincts and urban street blocks. The findings demonstrate that the performances in terms of facade and ground level SVF distribution vary across cases under study. The differences in the variations of their SVF performances as a result of the increase of density suggest that alternative urban block typologies can be explored, when targeting at higher density development, that provide different spatial configurations and an equally good or better SVF performance than that of some of the existing urban block and precinct typologies.
wos WOS:000340629400056
keywords Density; Urban street block; Precinct; Typology; Sky view factor; Environmental performance
series eCAADe
email sdezj@nus.edu.sg
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2010_241
id ascaad2010_241
authors Aboreeda, Faten; Dina Taha
year 2010
title Using Case-Based Reasoning to Aid Sustainable Design
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 241-246
summary Since so far there exists only one planet, sustainable design is considered the (ethical) future in all fields of design. Although both architecture and construction are being considered major emitters of green house gases, a wise design not only can lead to minimizing this impact but it can also lead to restoring and regenerating the environment to a sustainable state. This paper presents an on-going research that aims at simplifying the elements and facilitating the process of sustainable design by using case-based reasoning. This is achieved through learning from past experiences; both good and bad ones, by providing a database application with a process-friendly interface which divides the main pillars of sustainable design into categories. Each building contains different stories related to different sustainable related issues. Each story can be repeated in /linked to many buildings. By providing designers with those past experiences, it is believed that deeper-studied designs can be more easily developed. Also a deeper analysis and understanding can be further implemented and produced with less effort for experienced and non-experienced architects in sustainable design. This would also decrease the consumption of time during the design process and encourage even more designers to integrate the sustainability concept into more designs. This research discusses the influence of sustainable design within the architectural domain, and suggests a computer application that aids architects during the preliminary design processes.
series ASCAAD
email fatenaboreeda@gmail.com
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id ecaade2010_040
id ecaade2010_040
authors Akdag, Suzan Girginkaya; Cagdas, Gulen; Guney, Caner
year 2010
title Analyzing the Changes of Bosphorus Silhouette
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.815-823
summary Due to improving technology and global competition today sky is the only limit for high towers of metropolitan areas. The increase in number of high rise has been ruining the silhouette of cities all over the world like Istanbul, whose identity and image have also been destroyed by skyscrapers dominating the seven slopes on which it was once built. The urbanization in Istanbul has somehow become homogenous and destructive over the topography. Despite of raising debates on the critical issue now and then, no analytical approach has ever been introduced. The research therefore, aims to analyze the change of Bosphorus silhouette caused by the emergence of high rise blocks in Zincirlikuyu-Maslak route since it was defined as a Central Business District and a high rise development area by Bosphorus Conservation Law in 1991. ArcGIS Desktop software and its analyst extensions are used for mapping, analyzing and evaluating the urban development within years. The application is considered to be the initial step for a decision support system which will assist in assigning ground for high rise buildings in Istanbul.
wos WOS:000340629400087
keywords GIS; Bosphorus; Silhouette analysis; High rise buildings
series eCAADe
email sgirginkaya@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2014_023
id ascaad2014_023
authors Al-Maiyah, Sura and Hisham Elkadi
year 2014
title Assessing the Use of Advanced Daylight Simulation Modelling Tools in Enhancing the Student Learning Experience
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 303-313
summary In architecture schools, where the ‘studio culture’ lies at the heart of students’ learning, taught courses, particularly technology ones, are often seen as secondary or supplementary units. Successful delivery of such courses, where students can act effectively, be motivated and engaged, is a rather demanding task requiring careful planning and the use of various teaching styles. A recent challenge that faces architecture education today, and subsequently influences the way technology courses are being designed, is the growing trend in practice towards environmentally responsive design and the need for graduates with new skills in sustainable construction and urban ecology (HEFCE’s consultation document, 2005). This article presents the role of innovative simulation modelling tools in the enhancement of the student learning experience and professional development. Reference is made to a teaching practice that has recently been applied at Portsmouth School of Architecture in the United Kingdom and piloted at Deakin University in Australia. The work focuses on the structure and delivery of one of the two main technology units in the second year architecture programme that underwent two main phases of revision during the academic years 2009/10 and 2010/11. The article examines the inclusion of advanced daylight simulation modelling tools in the unit programme, and measures the effectiveness of enhancing its delivery as a key component of the curriculum on the student learning experience. A main objective of the work was to explain whether or not the introduction of a simulation modelling component, and the later improvement of its integration with the course programme and assessment, has contributed to a better learning experience and level of engagement. Student feedback and the grade distribution pattern over the last three academic years were collected and analyzed. The analysis of student feedback on the revised modelling component showed a positive influence on the learning experience and level of satisfaction and engagement. An improvement in student performance was also recorded over the last two academic years and following the implementation of new assessment design.
series ASCAAD
email sura.almaiyah@port.ac.uk
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id ascaad2010_189
id ascaad2010_189
authors Allahaim, Fahad; Anas Alfaris and David Leifer
year 2010
title Towards Changeability
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 189-200
summary Many buildings around the world have undergone successive changes over their life cycles. Regardless of the type or size of a building there are usually requirements for change due to several unanticipated forces and emerging uncertainties that act upon them. These changes might be in the building’s spatial, structural or service systems. This can be due to changes in the needs of occupants, the market demand or technological advances. Although buildings undergo change, current design practice does not address this and buildings are still designed as if they will remain static. This paper proposes an Adaptable Buildings Design (ABD) Framework to address the issue of adaptability in building design. Using this methodology uncertainties and future changes are first identified. To increase the building’s longevity, flexibility options are embedded and design rules are formulated to trigger these options when necessary. The value of adaptability is then assessed by implementing several simulations using Real Options Analysis (ROA). To demonstrate the approach, the ABD is applied to a multi-use commercial building case study. Flexibility is embedded in the building’s design across several systems allowing it to change and evolve over time based on a set of design rules. The buildings adaptability is then assessed using ROA. Positive results demonstrate the strength of the proposed methodology in addressing future change and uncertaintie.
series ASCAAD
email arch_fahadsa@yahoo.com
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id ijac20108202
id ijac20108202
authors Apollonio, Fabrizio I.; Cristiana Corsi, Marco Gaiani, Simone Baldissini
year 2010
title An Integrated 3D Geodatabase for Palladio's Work
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 2, 111-133
summary The paper presents a novel digital 3D GIS web-based system entirely founded on Google Earth, built to offer a deep insight into Palladio's opera for restitution of its architectural surveys, reconstruction for historical reasons, analysis for structural and other options, and assembly and presentation of all certified Palladian documentation.The development of the application follows the philosophy of visual computing and it is based on an architectural knowledge representation.The information system is conceived as a typical Rich Internet Application and it is based on the digitalization of the complete Palladian corpus documentation implemented by the Centro Internazionale di Studi di Architettura Andrea Palladio (CISAAP).The 3D geodatabase system is, actually, in use at the Centro as the Palladian information system for researchers and in two expositions at Barbaran da Porto Palace in Vicenza, and at Villa Poiana at Poiana Maggiore, where is widely used by tourists for virtual visits to Palladian buildings.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ecaade2010_114
id ecaade2010_114
authors Apollonio, Fabrizio I.; Gaiani, Marco; Corsi, Cristiana
year 2010
title A Semantic and Parametric Method for 3D Models used in 3D Cognitive-Information System
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.863-872
summary The paper presents an innovative semantic and parametric method to build 3D models to be used in cognitive-information systems. We integrated structured geometrical and documentary information resulting from multiple sources with the aim to enhance the knowledge of those sites within the frame of their historical evolution and their institutional management in a 3D GIS/DB. The developed applications were designed for different types of users, with a largely scalable interface, able to support different output devices and to work at different levels of iconicity. The system allows a full comprehension of the buildings in their own context, permitting to discover unknown relationships, to evaluate their architectural occupancy and to quickly access a complex system of information.
wos WOS:000340629400092
keywords 3D-GIS; Semantic modeling; 3D reality-based modeling; Real-time rendering; Virtual heritage
series eCAADe
email fabrizio.apollonio@unibo.it
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia10_313
id acadia10_313
authors Banda, Pablo
year 2010
title Parametric Propagation of Acoustical Absorbers
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 313-319
summary The following paper deals with a performance-driven morphogenetic design task to improve the conditions of room acoustics, using as a case study the material laboratory of the School of Architecture at Federico Santa Maria University of Technology. Combining contemporary Parametric Modeling techniques and a Performance- Based approach, an automatic generative system was produced. This system generated a modular acoustic ceiling based on Helmholtz Resonators. To satisfy sound absorption requirements, acoustic knowledge was embedded within the system. It iterates through a series of design sub-tasks from Acoustic Simulation to Digital Fabrication, searching for a suitable design solution. The internal algorithmic complexity of the design process has been explored through this case study. Although it is focused on an acoustic component, the proposed design methodology can influence other experiences in Parametric Design.
keywords Parametric Modeling, Sound Absorption & Acoustic Knowledge, Performance-Based Design, Design Task, Scripting, Digital Fabrication, Custom Tools, Honeycomb.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email pablo.banda.p@hotmail.com
last changed 2010/12/07 13:27

_id sigradi2010_272
id sigradi2010_272
authors Banda, Pablo
year 2010
title Absorbente de panal de abejas: explorando la adición de performance en sistemas de modelado paramétrico [Absorbing honeycomb: exploring performance addition in parametric modeling systems]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 272-275
summary This paper analyzes the characteristics of the development of generative systems, originated by embedding knowledge of sound absorption within a parametric design system and implementing Helmholtz Resonators for the decrement of low frequencies of sound. The encounter between physically - related knowledge and explicit geometric processes is observed by focusing on contemporary author skills and design postures to outline methodological traces for a performance - based approach to parametric design.
keywords parametric modeling, performance - based design, digital fabrication, scripting, custom tools
series SIGRADI
email pablo.banda.p@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ascaad2010_000
id ascaad2010_000
authors Bennadji, Amar; Bhzad F. Sidawi & Rabee M. Reffat (eds.)
year 2010
title CAAD - Cities - Sustainability
source 5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010)[ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, 361 p.
summary The concepts and applications of Computer Aided Architectural Design (CAAD) have a predominant presence and impacts on our today’s buildings and cities. The 5th international ASCAAD conference invited academics, researchers and professionals interested in CAAD concepts applications on the built environment to join and contribute to the debate on learned lessons from the past and present impacts of CAAD on buildings and cities around the world along with the potential future from a CAAD perspective.
series ASCAAD
email a.bennadji@rgu.ac.uk
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id acadia10_145
id acadia10_145
authors Briscoe, Danelle
year 2010
title Information Controlled Erosion
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 145-150
summary This paper documents research of a design process that interrelates a single information model to 5-axis, waterjet cutting technology. With the intention of creating an optimized design, data is streamed through a building information model that controls geometry parametrically by a component/system relationship. At the scale of a 4’x8’ panel, material properties and pattern variability act as underlying initiators of design rather than post-rational information. In a manner uncommon to the discipline, the information model is being used as a generative tool, rather than as one for mere documentation. The research assigns a limestone wall type to the panel—a material predominantly used in areas where it is indigenous and typically desirable for its texture, color, and thermal properties. The intention is to develop potentialities through material specificity in the information model’s conceptualization. The water-jet process is then used to erode the limestone to achieve varying fields of scalar voids. In addition, the thickness of wall cladding attenuates for figuration and interest. The final stone panels transition from a rain screen system to a solar screen that modulates light, thereby linking environmental intentions to current technological capabilities. The information model is exported for analysis of daylight and structural dynamic qualities and quantities as part of the workflow. Parameters within the information model database facilitate a dimensionally controlled iterative process. Moreover, fabricating with building materials via the information model expedites a design and makes possible for materiality to move beyond merely conceptual representation.
keywords digital fabrication, information model
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email briscoed@mail.utexas.edu
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id ijac20108408
id ijac20108408
authors Brown, Andre; Nicholas Webb
year 2010
title Examination of the Designs by Auguste Perret Using Digitally-Enabled Forensic Techniques
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 4, p. 537
summary This paper discusses how digitally-enabled techniques can be used to augment our understanding of a designer's work, particularly in relation to unbuilt or lost projects. In the first half of the twentieth century Auguste Perret gained international recognition for his buildings and we employ two of his unbuilt museums as the basis for illustration of the technique. Current knowledge of his unbuilt projects is based on surviving literature and incomplete illustrations. We show that the use of digitally-enabled techniques facilitates a fuller examination of the original material. Interpretation of material requires parallel studies into the architect, their influences and the context they operated within in order to extrapolate and fill gaps in an informed way. The construction of various digital representations enables a forensic analysis of the projects; consequently we can produce a richer set of information that can, in turn, enhance our analysis and understanding of an architect and their work, in this case, Perret.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2010_031
id caadria2010_031
authors Burke, A.; B. Coorey, D. Hill and J. McDermott
year 2010
title Urban micro-informatics: a test case for high-resolution urban modelling through aggregating public information sources
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 327-336
summary Our contention is that the city is a rich collection of urban micro-ecologies in continuous formation that include information types outside the traditional boundaries of urban design, city planning, and architecture and their native data fields. This paper discusses working with non-standard urban data types of a highly granular nature, and the analytical possibilities and technical issues associated with their aggregation, through a post professional masters level research studio project run in 2008. Opportunities for novel urban analysis arising from this process are discussed in the context of typical urban planning and analysis systems and locative media practices. This research bought to light specific technical and conceptual issues arising from the combination of processes including sources of data, data collection methods, data formatting, aggregating and visualisation. The range and nature of publicly available information and its value in an urban analysis context is also explored, linking collective information sites such as Pachube, to local environmental analysis and sensor webs. These are discussed in this paper, toward determining the possibilities for novel understandings of the city from a user centric, real-time urban perspective.
keywords Urban; informatics; processing; ubicomp; visualisation
series CAADRIA
email Anthony.burke@uts.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2010_184
id ecaade2010_184
authors Celani, Gabriela; Medrano, Leandro
year 2010
title Schemas and Rules in the Design Process: A Case Study
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.305-312
summary The present paper describes the design process of a new prototypical building for the State University of Campinas, with the use of shape schemata and rules. The use of this construct or method made the design process more intelligible for the students who took part in the project and helped managing the team work. We expect that these rules will also allow the automation of the production of design alternatives and construction drawings for new buildings in the campus.
wos WOS:000340629400032
keywords Design process; Shape grammar; Rules; Schemata; Standard design system
series eCAADe
email celani@fec.unicamp.br
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia11_186
id acadia11_186
authors Chaturvedi, Sanhita; Colmenares, Esteban; Mundim, Thiago
year 2011
title Knitectonics
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 186-195
summary The project Knitectonics aims at exploring digital fabrication systems that facilitate optimized, adaptive and specific integrated architectural solutions (Male-Alemany 2010). It is inspired by the beauty of nature systems with their inherent efficiency and performance. The research explored on-site fabrication of monocoques shells, integrating skin and structure along with services and infrastructure, using a simple household technique. It thus embodies a self organized micro system of textures and a macro system of structures. This paper elaborates how the numeric aspects of a textile technique were used, first to digitally imitate the process of assembly and further exploited to develop and visualize a novel fabrication system, based on material research and technical experimentation.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email sanhita.chaturvedi@gmail.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id ijac20108301
id ijac20108301
authors Chok, Kermin; Mark Donofrio
year 2010
title Abstractions for information based design
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 8 - no. 3, pp. 233-256
summary This paper discusses how live linkages between parametric geometry, structural analysis and optimization can be leveraged to explore an architectural massing from different perspectives of optimum assuming a set of cost and value characteristics. Broad performance measures such as program area, cladding surface and structural quantities were computed for each geometry variation and collected. Optimums from different perspectives (structure, developer, designer) were extracted for each height category and compared. To further inform and engage stakeholders, a variety of visualization and filtering techniques have been implemented. These new techniques and associated distillation of data aids the design team in understanding the design space. A script based approach towards geometry and data management has led to a shift towards active option evaluation and a more interactive approach to form exploration. A generic workflow for structural analysis, design and optimization has been implemented and this ability to engineer at a greater velocity will move the design profession towards a more collaborative and information based design environment.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id 9eef
id 9eef
authors Christenson, Mike
year 2010
title Registering visual permeability in architecture: Isovists and occlusion maps in AutoLISP
source Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 37(6): 1128–1136
summary In this paper the design and execution of a simple AutoLISP routine for generating a map of plan isovists (in the sense of Benedikt) are discussed. Such a plan field of isovists is a registration of visibility from multiple station points within and around a building. More precisely, the plan field records the cumulative effect, over a spatial matrix, of occluded vision of a distant horizon. Thus, the plan field is termed an occlusion map. An occlusion map registers the effect which an observer's position in space has on their perception of architecture's visual permeability. Occlusion maps are shown here to be an important tool for comparing existing buildings in a historical sense and also as an effective design tool, particularly when an addition to an existing building is being contemplated, as an addition invariably affects the visual permeability of its host.
keywords AutoLISP, visibility, isovist
series journal paper
type normal paper
email michael.a.christenson@gmail.com
more doi:10.1068/b36076
last changed 2011/04/13 14:58

_id caadria2010_034
id caadria2010_034
authors Chung, Daniel Hii Jun and Malone-Lee Lai Choo
year 2010
title Computational fluid dynamics for efficient urban design
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 357-366
summary Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a method of solving and analysing problems that involved fluid flows. In the field of architecture, urban design and urban planning, CFD is useful for the analysis of ventilation and airflow in the built environment, especially in very dense cities. This paper will look into the possibility of making CFD more accessible to the general design and planning field. A simulation is done on a urban design proposal to quickly see how air flow behaves around it. From there, it looks into the future where technology will make CFD simulation more easily adopted and the possibilities of integrating the ventilation analysis with other environmental analysis results into the urban design arena.
keywords Computational fluid dynamics; sustainability; high density; urban design; airflow
series CAADRIA
email sdedhjc@nus.edu.sg
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id sigradi2010_43
id sigradi2010_43
authors Clayton, Mark J.; Ozener Ozan; Haliburton James; Farias Francisco
year 2010
title Towards Studio 21: Experiments in Design Education Using BIM
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 43-46
summary Explorations conducted in university - based design studios suggest that Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology invites the adoption of a dramatically different design process. In contrast to conventional process rooted in successive refinement of initial abstractions and dependence on tacit knowledge, the Studio 21 BIM - aided process relies upon a complete and comprehensive base case and subsequent alternative schemes that are subjected to explicit analysis to support choice of the final design. The Studio 21 process can boost the objective level of performance that is achieved. It is teachable and may be a better process for addressing 21st century imperatives.
keywords design, process, education, BIM, studio
series SIGRADI
email mark-clayton@tamu.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id acadia10_234
id acadia10_234
authors de Monchaux, Nicholas; Patwa, Shivang; Golder, Benjamin; Jensen, Sara; Lung, David
year 2010
title Local Code: The Critical Use of Geographic Information Systems in Parametric Urban Design
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 234-242
summary Local Code uses geospatial analysis to identify thousands of publicly owned abandoned sites in major US cities, imagining this distributed, vacant landscape as a new urban system. Deploying GIS analysis in conjunction with parametric design software, a landscape proposal for each site is tailored to local conditions, optimizing thermal and hydrological performance to enhance local performance and enhance the whole city’s ecology. Relieving burdens on existing infrastructure, such a digitally mediated, dispersed system provides important opportunities for urban resilience and transformation. In a case study of San Francisco, the projects’ quantifiable effects on energy usage and stormwater remediation would eradicate 88-96% of the need for more expensive, centralized, sewer, and electrical upgrades. As a final, essential layer, the project proposes digital citizen participation to conceive a new, more public infrastructure as well.
keywords GIS, Parametric Design, Emergence, Morphogenesis, Network, Urban Design, Parametric Urbanism
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email demonchaux@berkeley.edu
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

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