CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 141 to 160 of 542

_id acadia11_260
id acadia11_260
authors Pak, Burak; Vrouwe, Ivo; Verbeke,Johan
year 2011
title Design and Development of Low-cost Portable Immersive Spaces
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 260-267
summary In this paper, we will explore the potentials of low-cost portable immersive environments that combine textile structures, gesture-based interfaces and multiple projections. Our aim is to develop affordable, easy to set up, portable and inviting immersive spaces that can serve as an interface between a web-based geographic virtual environment, experts and lay people. In this context, after the introduction, we will review a variety of methods, conceptual tools and materials related to textile tectonics and techniques which can be individually used or combined for the development and construction of portable immersive spaces. In the next section, we will discuss the opportunities and challenges of using a low-cost gesture-based interface (Kinect) to support “touchless” interactions. Consequently, we will present the design alternatives of low-cost portable immersive spaces that we have synthesized from our background studies. This will be followed by the observations and findings from our prototype development, implementation and preliminary testing processes. In conclusion, we will discuss our conclusions and recommendations regarding the future development of low-cost portable immersive spaces.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email burak.pak@architectuur.sintlucas.wenk.be
last changed 2011/12/08 19:45

_id acadia11_26
id acadia11_26
authors Parlac, Vera
year 2011
title Integrating Physical and Digital: Interactive technologies and design of matter
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 26-29
summary Today, thanks to current technological achievements, deepening and broadening of scientific information and knowledge, as well as expansion in our understanding of the world around us and underlying processes that govern metabolisms of natural world, we are able to see deep connections between the made and natural worlds. With such an expansive context comes an ability to effectively and productively integrate new knowledge, information, methods and techniques back into the design and production of architecture. Confluence of various technologies and their assimilation are altering the way we perform, organize and distribute our activities and materials. The conceptual model of architecture is changing.
keywords integrative design; interaction; matter
series ACADIA
type introduction
email vera.parlac@ucalgary.ca
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id sigradi2011_072
id sigradi2011_072
authors Parra-Agudelo, Leonardo
year 2011
title Interaction Design for Bogota: civil participation and public space construction [Interaction Design for Bogota: civil participation and public space construction]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 335-338
summary The ubiquity of digitally enhanced objects has made our social and cultural experiences to be mediated by electronic and digital products, and the vast and mostly invisible layer of technology that is being deployed in Bogota, Colombia, will have a substantial impact in our local public space. Design disciplines have the responsibility to actively engage and address problems and opportunities created by new technology developments. This paper will focus on the theoretical framework and research approach, to provide foundations for local upcoming research projects dealing with public space and digital technologies.
keywords Public space; urban informatics; interaction design; action research; design research
series SIGRADI
email lparra@uniandes.edu.co
last changed 2016/03/10 08:57

_id acadia11_106
id acadia11_106
authors Parsons, Ronnie; Akos, Gil
year 2011
title Form Force Matter: Investigating form-active systems through analog machines and physics-based simulation
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 106-109
summary Form-active Systems offer an intuitive means of gaining direct and tangible knowledge for addressing architectural design problems with degrees of complexity typically beyond our capacity or desire to engage as designers. With these systems as a mechanism for research, we may establish a rich territory in which form, force, and matter are inherently imbricated in their conceptual domain. Furthermore, if we approach this conceptual terrain with an understanding that the elements of these systems exist along a continuum between the real and the virtual, we may incorporate methods and techniques in the form of analog machines and physics-based simulation from architecture’s peripheral fields of structural engineering, physics, and computation. This paper presents an applied research framework undertaken in a continued sequence of seminars whereby Form-active Systems are analyzed for their performative characteristics, synthesized for operative design strategies, iteratively prototyped across scales, and redeployed within the context of a multi-story installation.
series ACADIA
type work in progress
email gakos@studiomode.nu
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id caadria2011_065
id caadria2011_065
authors Paulini, Mercedes; Mary Lou Maher and Paul Murty
year 2011
title The role of collective intelligence in design: A protocol study of online design communication
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 687-696
summary Web-enabled collective intelligence in design invites anyone to contribute to a design process through crowd-sourcing. We use a protocol analysis method to analyse the forum data on a collective intelligence web site, studying communication among individuals who are motivated to participate in the design process. A protocol analysis allows us to compare collective intelligence in design to similar studies of individual and team design. Our analysis shows that a design process that includes collective intelligence shares processes of ideation and evaluation with individual and team design, and also includes a significant amount of social networking. Including collective intelligence in design can extend the typical design team to include potential users and amateur perspectives that direct the design to be more sensitive to users’ needs and social issues, and can serve a marketing purpose.
keywords Collective intelligence; design process; protocol analysis; design communication
series CAADRIA
email mercedes.paulini@sydney.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ijac20109306
id ijac20109306
authors Peng, Chengzhi
year 2011
title uCampus: Can an open source 3D interactive virtual campus modelling platform support institutional learning and innovation?
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 9 - no. 3, 303-324
summary This paper reports and reflects on the key findings from the UK JISC funded weCAMP-uCampus project undertaken at the University of Sheffield in which a Web-based 3D interactive campus visualization modelling platform was developed and deployed using the latest Java and XML-based open source technologies. The project evolved rapidly along three strands of development on software design, content generation, and user/stakeholder engagement. One of the key outcomes is a novel approach to visualising large complex datasets in conjunction with multi-scale and multi-layered 3D campus modelling. To test the adaptability of uCampus, the Augustine House Experiment was later carried out in collaboration with the iBorrow project based at the Canterbury Christ Church University campus. The question on the prospect of uCampus to support learning and innovation at an institutional level is discussed by revisiting the earlier works of the Oregon Experiment and the Seeding-Reseeding Meta-Design Framework.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ecaade2011_107
id ecaade2011_107
authors Peters, Brady; Tamke, Martin; Nielsen, Stig Anton; Andersen, Søren Vestbjerg; Haase, Mathias
year 2011
title Responsive Acoustic Surfaces: Computing Sonic Effects
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.819-828
wos WOS:000335665500094
summary Acoustic performance is defined by the parameter of reverberation time; however, this does not capture the acoustic experience in some types of open plan spaces. As many working and learning activities now take place in open plan spaces, it is important to be able to understand and design for the acoustic conditions of these spaces. This paper describes an experimental research project that studied the design processes necessary to design for sound. A responsive acoustic surface was designed, fabricated and tested. This acoustic surface was designed to create specific sonic effects. The design was simulated using custom integrated acoustic software and also using Odeon acoustic analysis software. The research demonstrates a method for designing space- and sound-defining surfaces, defines the concept of acoustic subspace, and suggests some new parameters for defining acoustic subspaces.
keywords Architectural Acoustics; Performance-Driven Design; Parametric Design; Digital Fabrication
series eCAADe
email brady.peters@karch.dk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia11_122
id acadia11_122
authors Pigram, David; McGee, Wes
year 2011
title Formation Embedded Design: A methodology for the integration of fabrication constraints into architectural design
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 122-131
summary This paper presents a methodology for the integration of fabrication constraints within the architectural design process through custom written algorithms for fabrication. The method enables the translation from three-dimensional geometry, or algorithmically produced data, into appropriately formatted machine codes for direct CNC fabrication within a single CAD modeling environment. This process is traditionally one-way with part files translated via dedicated machine programming software (CAM). By integrating the toolpath creation into the design package, with an open framework, the translation from part to machine code can be automated, parametrically driven by the generative algorithms or explicitly modeled by the user. This integrated approach opens the possibility for direct and instantaneous feedback between fabrication constraints and design intent. The potentials of the method are shown by discussing the computational workflow and process integration of a diverse set of fabrication techniques in conjunction with a KUKA 7-Axis Industrial Robot. Two-dimensional knife-cutting, large-scale additive fabrication (foam deposition), robot-mounted hot-wire cutting, and robot-assisted rod-bending are each briefly described. The productive value of this research is that it opens the possibility of a much stronger network of feedback relations between formational design processes and material and fabrication concerns.
keywords robotic fabrication; multi-axis; file-to-factory, open-source fabrication, parametric modeling, computational design
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email david.pigram@uts.edu.au
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id caadria2011_038
id caadria2011_038
authors Pourmohamadi, Morteza; John S. Gero and Robert Saunders
year 2011
title CAD software as customisation tools: Using FBS protocol coding scheme to understand the behaviour of mass customisers
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 399-408
summary This paper explores the use of CAD software as tools in mass customisation systems and discusses using protocol study methods to analyse the interactions between customers and customisation tools. Current uses of CAD software as customisation tools will be presented. The use of the Function-Behaviour-Structure coding scheme to analyse protocols from customisation sessions is discussed. A protocol from Puma footwear customisation is analysed using the LINKOgrapher software and the results presented. The paper concludes with a discussion on the utility of computational support tools to study designers/customers utilizing CAD tools for mass customisation.
keywords Mass customisation; CAD; customisation toolkits; design protocol study; FBS coding
series CAADRIA
email morteza@pourmohamadi.net
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2011_041
id caadria2011_041
authors Pérez, Edgar and Tomás Dorta
year 2011
title Assessment of design tools for ideation
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 429-438
summary Designers interact with a wide range of design tools, in a variety of ways, in order to support their work. Any attempt to produce digital tools aimed at supporting ideation raises the question of the kind of information considered account and what is appropriate to the needs and expectations of designers. We developed and implemented an assessment method for digitally supported conceptual design based on reflective conversation, flow, cognitive ergonomics and activity theory. Our approach opens up the evaluation spectrum to include parameters beyond performances factors for conceiving new digital design tools. This assessment approach considers user (the designer), action (ideation) and object (the tool) in the ideation process, namely the designer’s experience interrelated to the needs of the task and the characteristics of the tool. In this paper we present the results of several research protocols in which we observed, analyzed and successively acted upon five different stages of the interface of a design tool as it was being developed, the Hybrid Ideation Space (HIS). Taken as a whole, these results suggest the limits and support of designers’ optimal relationship with an ideation interface.
keywords Ideation; assessment method; design tools; human computer interaction
series CAADRIA
email uriel.edgar.perez@umontreal.ca
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id sigradi2011_155
id sigradi2011_155
authors Quijano Silva, Catalina
year 2011
title El bailarín: un diseñador de su espacio y su tiempo [The dancer: a designer of his time and his space]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 343-346
summary 32pts&1/2 (TreintaYDósPuntos ; YMedio) is a project that offers new ways in dance research using new languages through technology and design in order to analyze and to understand the movement and the motion of the body in the dynamic space,. It gives to directors, teachers and dancers new tools to see, to understand and to explore contemporary work in choreography, dance and visual arts. Design, body and technology are used in equal measure to think the time and the space, having always the human as the center element.
series SIGRADI
email caquijan@uniandes.edu.co
last changed 2016/03/10 08:58

_id acadia11_152
id acadia11_152
authors Rael, Ronald; San Fratello, Virginia
year 2011
title Developing Concrete Polymer Building Components for 3D Printing
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 152-157
summary The creation of building components that can be seen as sustainable, inexpensive, stronger, recyclable, customizable and perhaps even reparable to the environment is an urgent, and critical focus of architectural research. In the U.S. alone, the construction industry produced 143.5 million tons of building-related construction and demolition debris in 2008, and buildings, in their consumption of energy produce more greenhouse gasses than automobiles or industry.Because the inherent nature of 3D printing opens new possibilities for shaping materials, the process will reshape the way we think about architectural building components. Digital materiality, a term coined by Italian and Swiss architects Fabio Gramazio and Matthias Kohler, describes materiality increasingly enriched with digital characteristics where data, material, programming and construction are interwoven (Gramazio and Kohler, 2008). The research aspires towards this classification through the use of parametric modeling tools, analytic software and quantitative and qualitative analysis. Rapid prototyping, which is the automatic construction of physical objects using additive manufacturing technology, typically employs materials intended for the immediate analysis of form, scale, and tactility. Rarely do the materials used in this process have any long-term value, nor does the process - except in rare cases with expensive metal prototyping - have the ability to create actual and sustainable working products. This research intends to alter this state of affairs by developing methods for 3D printing using concrete for the production of long-lasting performance-based components.
series ACADIA
type work in progress
email r@el.net
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id sigradi2011_246
id sigradi2011_246
authors Rodrigues da Silva, Ana Cristina; Rodrigues Félix, Neusa
year 2011
title Ensino do Processo Projetual Com o Apoio De Mundos Virtuais (MVs) [Teaching of Design Process with the Support of Virtual Worlds (VMs)]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 444-447
summary The teaching of the design process is characterized as a reflective teaching practice, where talk and draw takes place simultaneously, enabling the interaction between teacher and student. Aspects that can be explored through the occurrence of interaction and collaboration that allows virtual worlds. These interactions have provided moments of student involvement and generated conditions for collaboration among all participants. It is noteworthy that the use of VMs during the development of this research proved to be feasible for the teaching of design process and could contribute to improving the quality of education, especially with regard to interactions and collaborations.
keywords Teaching; design process; virtual worlds; interactive; collaborative
series SIGRADI
email cris@pelotas.ifsul.edu.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id acadia11_300
id acadia11_300
authors Ruffo Calderon, Emmanuel; Schimek, Heimo; Wiltsche, Albert
year 2011
title Seeking Performative Beauty
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 300-307
summary With digital design and fabrication becoming ever more common in architectural design, the computational geometry topic of discretizing freeform surfaces into flat panels has become a common challenge. At the present, most approaches to the issue of preserving a 2D-tessellation on a freeform surface are focused on optimizing the shape of the structure by approximating geometric “equally-sized” flat patterns. In doing so, these strategies treat the approximation of the desired shape as the primary goal, leaving aside the aesthetical aspect of the paneling, which can be seen as having an ornamental quality. In contrast to these common strategies, the project presented in this paper pursues a more holistic approach that tries to integrate aesthetical as well as structural issues by using more complex as well as more performative patterns for the discretization. In the present paper, we present algorithmic strategies that were designed to integrate from the aesthetics of an exposed timber structure, through analysis of structural loading feedbacks to a detailed level of the physical joint system, as part of the fundamental early design decisions. The consequence of the overall negotiations relies fully on their physical integration through computational design. The present paper discusses both the algorithmic techniques and the joint systems through a series of case studies. At the end of the paper we provide an overview to upcoming tasks including the production of a major structure.
keywords digital architecture; mathematics in architecture; higher-dimensional objects in architecture; design computation and mathematics
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email research@emmanuelruffo.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id acadia11_226
id acadia11_226
authors Salim, Flora; Jaworski, Przemyslaw; Kaftan, Martin; Friedrich, Eva; Urquiza, Rafael; Oh, Suhee; Fihn, John; Galaso, Jose Luis; Roa, Rafael; Banke, Tore; Bak, Jakob; Kalvo, Raul; Di Leo, Stefan; Madeddu, Davide; Albuquerque, Joao; Gillespie, David; Østergaard, Jacob
year 2011
title Informing Architecture and Urban Modeling with Real-world Data on 3D Tangible Interfaces and Augmented Displays
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 226-233
summary The proliferation of online and digital data in our world yields unprecedented opportunities for connecting physical and digital parametric models with live data input and feedback. Tangible interfaces and augmented displays provide theatrical settings for designers to visualize real-world data and experience realtime feedback while manipulating physical and digital models on the table. This paper proposes a new approach to design workflow, where physical model and virtual model can be interconnected and informed in realtime by multiple analytical datasets and live data streams. Using 3D scanning, blob detection, and multi-touch techniques, multidimensional tangible interfaces and augmented displays presented in this paper demonstrate a powerful new approach for designing and interacting with physical models, materials, and environmental data.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id acadiaregional2011_004
id acadiaregional2011_004
authors Sanguinetti, Paola; Chad Kraus
year 2011
title Thinking in Parametric Phenomenology
source Parametricism (SPC) ACADIA Regional 2011 Conference Proceedings
summary This project explores the relationship between phenomenology and parametric design. Architects have made compelling arguments for a phenomenological understanding of architecture, rooted in the subject and in direct experience, for which the notion of intentionality plays a central role. However, the inherent subjectivity of phenomenology has remained a barrier to its use as an explicit method of design thinking. On the other hand, the wide spread use of parametric modeling, as a tool to capture design intent, has led to theorizing parameterization in architecture.
series ACADIA
last changed 2011/07/08 09:17

_id caadria2011_029
id caadria2011_029
authors Santo, Yasu; John H. Frazer and Robin Drogemuller
year 2011
title Active buildings: What can we do about buildings that simply stand still?
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 301-310
summary This paper presents background of our research and result of our pilot study to find methods for convincing building users to become active building participants. We speculate this is possible by allowing and motivating users to customise and manage their own built environments. The ultimate aim of this research is to develop open, flexible and adaptive systems that bring awareness to building users to the extent they recognise spaces are for them to change rather than accept spaces are fixed and they are the ones to adapt. We argue this is possible if the architectural hardware is designed to adapt to begin with and more importantly if there are appropriate user interfaces that are designed to work with the hardware. A series of simple prototypes were made to study possibilities through making, installing and experiencing them. Ideas discussed during making and experiencing of prototypes were evaluated to generate further ideas. This method was very useful to speculate unexplored and unknown issues with respect to developing user interfaces for active buildings.
keywords Interaction; interface; Building Information; participatory; adaptive
series CAADRIA
email y.santo@qut.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2011_034
id ecaade2011_034
authors Schirmer, Patrick; Kawagishi, Noboru
year 2011
title Using shape grammars as a rule based approach in urban planning - a report on practice
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.116-124
wos WOS:000335665500013
summary With the development of user friendly software, using procedural shape grammars has become productive for urban planning projects. Little about the experience of their use by architects and urban planning agencies has been reported yet. This paper will thus discuss the experience gained with the use of shape grammars in the projects of KCAP. We will show how the different scales of urban planning and urban design can be handled and how design concepts can be integrated into the procedural “pipeline” using the software “CityEngine”. We will also present an approach of “typological testing” that allows to test various design concepts for their possible developments. This work is the base for current research at ETH, integrating geometric aspects into behavioural simulation processes of urban simulation.
keywords Shape grammars; Urban planning; Urban Simulation; Urban Typologies
series eCAADe
email patrick.schirmer@ivt.baug.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2011_p112
id cf2011_p112
authors Schlueter, Arno
year 2011
title Integrated Design Process for Prefabricated Façade Modules with Embedded Distributed Service Systems
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 419-434.
summary The awareness of the environmental impact of buildings concerning their CO2 emissions, their energy and resource consumption has raised the challenges on building design, construction and operation. Building service systems are among the main contributors to building related emissions. Their consideration already in design is therefore of growing importance. Distributed service systems represent a new paradigm towards the supply of a building with energy and matter. Being small, efficient and networked, they can be distributed within the building fabric to allow an efficiently supply of the building space. Their employment, however, affects the spatial layout, construction and resulting building performance. In order to capture the resulting complex dependencies, a strategy to integrate such systems into the architectural design process is necessary. In this work a design process is proposed, that integrates distributed service systems into building design, dissolving the classical divide between architectural design and service systems layout. Digital modelling and computational methods are employed to create and analyse design solutions, visualize performance criteria and provide the relevant data for the intended digital fabrication process. The process is exemplified using a joint university-industry case study project focusing on parametric façade modules, developed in a seamless digital process from concept to fabrication.
keywords integrated design, design process, performance assessment, digital fabrication, distributed building service systems
series CAAD Futures
email schlueter@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id caadria2011_070
id caadria2011_070
authors Schnabel, Marc Aurel and Yingge Qu
year 2011
title Digital manga depiction
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 741-750
summary Same as rich colours in a painting that deliver the artist’s thoughts and ideas, the variety of textures and patterns in sketches gives drawings different significance. Using rich sets of texture screens to represent chromatic images, the visual perception can be preserved by using the texture pattern verities. In our work, we present a harmonic representation from chromatic space to textural space, to generate architectural sketches and their details, including colours, textures, and tones. We present a rendering appearance for the communication of architectural design akin to Japanese cartoon depictions. In our results we demonstrate successfully that our method generates sketches from architectural images that preserve architectural key-elements, such as surface or material properties and simulate a chromatic correct perception. This allows for novel depiction and story telling in architecture.
keywords Manga; sketching; story telling; non-photorealistic rendering; multidimensional scaling
series CAADRIA
email marcaurel@cuhk.edu.hk
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

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