CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id acadia12_47
id acadia12_47
authors Aish, Robert ; Fisher, Al ; Joyce, Sam ; Marsh, Andrew
year 2012
title Progress Towards Multi-Criteria Design Optimisation Using Designscript With Smart Form, Robot Structural Analysis and Ecotect Building Performance Analysis"
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 47-56
summary Important progress towards the development of a system that enables multi-criteria design optimisation has recently been demonstrated during a research collaboration between Autodesk’s DesignScript development team, the University of Bath and the engineering consultancy Buro Happold. This involved integrating aspects of the Robot Structural Analysis application, aspects of the Ecotect building performance application and a specialist form finding solver called SMART Form (developed by Buro Happold) with DesignScript to create a single computation environment. This environment is intended for the generation and evaluation of building designs against both structural and building performance criteria, with the aim of expediently supporting computational optimisation and decision making processes that integrate across multiple design and engineering disciplines. A framework was developed to enable the integration of modeling environments with analysis and process control, based on the authors’ case studies and experience of applied performance driven design in practice. This more generalised approach (implemented in DesignScript) enables different designers and engineers to selectively configure geometry definition, form finding, analysis and simulation tools in an open-ended system without enforcing any predefined workflows or anticipating specific design strategies and allows for a full range of optimisation and decision making processes to be explored. This system has been demonstrated to practitioners during the Design Modeling Symposium, Berlin in 2011 and feedback from this has suggested further development.
keywords Design Optimisation , Scripting , Form Finding , Structural Analysis , Building Performance
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id b339
id b339
authors Bunster, Victor
year 2011
title Tropism-oriented generative design: Analogical models for heterogeneous goal integration
source Master of Philosophy (MPhil) Thesis. Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne.
summary Architecture often requires integration between heterogeneous objectives. Both empirical requirements and speculative aspirations inform design in ways that resist ready formalization under computerizable logic. This thesis explores the possibilities of tropism-analogy as strategy for tackling some of these diverse objectives in a generative system. The feasibility of addressing heterogeneous goals with a computerizable design system is established by reviewing the role of rule-based strategies in vernacular tradition and the possibilities of analogies in recent generative methods. Then, the concept of tropism is analysed in depth, starting from its origins to its manifestation in a broad range of disciplines. This analysis leads to the definition of tropism as a ‘process of turn’ that enables purposeful connections between a system and its environment, an invariant property that may result in different levels of adaptation. These generalized conditions are used as conceptual foundation to explore analogical connections between divergent dimensions of architectural problems, and to define a feedback-enabled generative system that uses tropism-inspired rules in tackling contrasting design objectives. This system is implemented as a proof-of-concept for the Chilean social housing program, where is used to generate façade prototypes that respond simultaneously to thermal comfort and formal expression criteria. The outcomes of this thesis suggest that tropism-analogy can be used in tackling heterogeneous façade objectives and, therefore, to define novel design methods to explore goal-integration in computer-based generative architecture systems.
keywords generative architecture, design computation, tropism analogy, goal integration, social housing
series thesis:MSc
type normal paper
last changed 2012/07/06 15:57

_id eaea2015_t1_paper05
id eaea2015_t1_paper05
authors Lobo de Carvalho, Jose Maria; Heitor, Teresa
year 2015
title The Adaptive Reuse of the Arco do Cego ancient Car-Barn Structure in Lisbon
source ENVISIONING ARCHITECTURE: IMAGE, PERCEPTION AND COMMUNICATION OF HERITAGE [ISBN 978-83-7283-681-6],Lodz University of Technology, 23-26 September 2015, pp.61-70
summary This paper presents the example of the reconversion of an important tram station from the origins of electricity in Portugal that was still in use until the late 1990’s but became redundant since then. Its significant urban presence and the importance of preserving the memory of the old trams that were still in use some years ago in Lisbon, led to an innovative solution, combining public value and heritage protection. In 2011, the Lisbon City Council agreed to give the building and its site for university use, namely to be transformed into a student’s facility, as a study, leisure, recreational and cultural space of the IST, open 24h a day. This new university building, located just one block away from the traditional IST compound, was called IST Learning Center and extended the notion of campus outside its walls and into the city’s urban fabric.
keywords reconversion; university; tram
series EAEA
last changed 2016/04/22 09:52

_id acadia11_72
id acadia11_72
authors Menges, Achim
year 2011
title Integrative Design Computation: Integrating material behaviour and robotic manufacturing processes in computational design for performative wood constructions
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 72-81
summary In contrast to most other building materials, wood is a naturally grown biological tissue. Today, the organic nature of wood is recognized as a major advantage. Wood is one of the very few naturally renewable, fully recyclable, extremely energy efficient and CO2-positive construction materials. On the other hand, compared to industrially produced, isotropic materials, the inherent heterogeneity and differentiated material makeup of wood’s anatomic structure is still considered problematic by architects and engineers alike. This is due to the fact that, even today, most design tools employed in architecture are still incapable of integrating and thus instrumentalizing the material properties and related complex behavior of wood. The research presented in this paper focuses on the development of a computational design approach that is based on the integration of material properties and characteristics. Understanding wood as a natural composite system of cellulose fibers embedded in a lignin and hemicelluloses matrix characterized by relatively high strain at failure, that is high load-bearing capacity with relatively low stiffness, the particular focus of this paper is the investigation of how the bending behavior of wood can become a generative design driver in such computational processes. In combination with the additional integration of the possibilities and constraints of robotic manufacturing processes, this enables the design and production of truly material-specific and highly performative wood architecture. The paper will provide a detailed explanation of such an integrative approach to design computation and the related methods and techniques. This is complemented by the description of three specific research projects, which were conducted as part of the overall research and all resulted in full scale prototype structures. The research projects demonstrate different approaches to the computational design integration of material behavior and robotic manufacturing constraints. Based on a solution space defined by the material itself, this enables novel ways of computationally deriving both material-specific gestalt and performative capacity of one of the oldest construction materials we have.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id caadria2010_023
id caadria2010_023
authors Kenzari, Bechir
year 2010
title Fabricating twisted towers
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 239-247
summary The miniature replicas of multi-billion dollar property development projects provide every year a spectacle of the vast imagination of architects and master developers at Cityscape Dubai exhibition. The technical aspect of the model-making industry component is a complex one in that it often engages the modelling of very subtle structures such as twisted towers. One illustration of these is the Infinity Tower in Dubai Marina (designed by SOM). To be completed in 2011, this 330-metre high-rise is composed of 80 floors and is intended to be the world’s tallest high-rise featuring a 90_ twist. Each floor rotates by 1.2 degrees to attain the full 90_ spiral, creating the shape of a helix. The paper discusses the physical modelling of this tower, with a description of both the digital and the constructive parts.
keywords Fabrication; models; Rhinoceros; twisted towers; Dubai
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ijac20109305
id ijac20109305
authors Martens, Bob and Herbert Peter
year 2011
title A Long-term Scope of Actions for Reconstructed Cultural Heritage: Maintaining a Virtual Archive of Nonexisting Synagogues
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 9 - no. 3, 285-302
summary Reconstruction work on more than twenty synagogues in Vienna has been ongoing for more than a decade. The fact that these sacred buildings no longer exist is a pivotal aspect in this undertaking. Research revealed archived material, however, which served as reliable basis for the reconstruction work. The authors discuss details of the process of handling archival research as well as the decision-making process during reconstruction. The paper focuses on the possibilities and limits of this exploration and discusses the long-term options of handling 3D models, also in the light of continuous changes in the software environments used. The dissemination of results to a large audience and the appropriate illustration of spatial contexts is another aspect that has been explored. The publication of results in the form of a city guide is in line with the objective of conveying the reconstruction results to a large audience.
keywords Virtual reconstruction; destroyed synagogue; 3D-Modelling; visual representation; urban context
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id eaea2009_tellios
id eaea2009_tellios
authors Tellios, Anastasios
year 2011
title Architectural Visualizations as Methods of Transgression: A Successive Enrichment of the Image
source Projecting Spaces [Proceedings of the 9th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 978-3-942411-31-8 ], pp. 29-38
summary The need of architecture to be visualized is completely inherent to the very core of the architectural territory. Although the use of the term ‘visualization’ is generic enough so as to imply vagueness and conceptual inconsistencies, this seems to be valid only to non architectural audiences and quite precise when referring to architecturally literate communities. Visualizations have not been employed just to entitle visual and pictorial qualities to a seemingly self_sufficient architectonic event. They have often been the vehicle to overcome situations of a broader impact. This paper will present four cases of visualizing architecture, not only as singular acts of architectural illustration but also as generative collective approaches on the issue.
series other
last changed 2011/03/04 07:45

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