CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 101 to 120 of 532

_id sigradi2011_241
id sigradi2011_241
authors Granero, Adriana Edith; Brignone, Mabel Clara
year 2011
title Información Aumentada [Information Augmented]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 440-443
summary The pupil of architecture begins his formation trying to solve a problem and he proposes his first ideas from his experiences and his initial knowledge. This process meets delayed often for the accumulation of knowledge and not to be able to apply the same ones at the right time. The presentation of contents of visualization of a simultaneous way and the interaction of the user with a graphical amicable interface with playful character, stimulates to thinking and creating, his content is more attractive and his more intuitive interaction, contributes favoring the significant learning.
series SIGRADI
email adriana.granero@comunidad.ub.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id ecaade2011_146
id ecaade2011_146
authors Hunter, Moira; Chase, Scott; Kligerman, Bradley; Zupancic, Tadeja
year 2011
title ARCHI21: Architectural and Design based Education and Practice through Content & Language Integrated Learning using Immersive Virtual Environments for 21st Century Skills
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.725-733
wos WOS:000335665500084
summary This paper offers insights into innovative practice being undertaken in higher architectural and design education, where both language and content teaching and learning are integrated as interwoven parts with joint curricular roles. Using Expansive Learning Theory as an analytical framework to examine potential tensions and contradictions arising from the educational approach of Content and Language Integrated Learning, reference is made to three very recent pilot studies of the EU funded project, ARCHI21. The experiential learning in these studies adopted a blended approach, where classical face-to-face learning-teaching scenarios were supported by immersive 3D virtual environments together with social networking media and Web 2.0 tools. This paper uses these pilot studies to speculate on aspects of fragility and offers reflection on future project activity.
keywords Architecture; education; Content and Language Integrated Learning; 3D immersive environments; Second Life
series eCAADe
email moira.hunter@paris-malaquais.archi.fr
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2011_053
id caadria2011_053
authors Jalalian, Arash; Stephan K. Chalup and Michael J. Ostwald
year 2011
title Agent-agent interaction as a component of agent-environment interaction in the modelling and analysis of pedestrian visual behaviour
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 555-564
summary This multidisciplinary project involves concepts from architectural design, statistical learning, machine vision, and human ecology. The focus is on analysing how pedestrians’ dynamic behaviour in space is influenced by the environmental design of different architectural scenarios. This paper presents a multi-agent pedestrian simulation and analysis system that supports agent-to-agent interactions, different spatial desires, and interpersonal distance. The system simulates and analyses pedestrian spatial behaviour with combined focus on movement trajectories, walking speed, and the visual gaze vector. The analysis component relies on learning a statistical model characterising normal/abnormal behaviour, based on sample observations of regular pedestrian movements without/with the impacts of significant visual attractions in the environment. Using the example of Wheeler Place in Newcastle (Australia) our pilot experiments demonstrate how pedestrian behaviour characteristics can depend on selected features in the visual environment. The presented system will allow architects and urban designers to obtain better assessment of planned urban spaces and streetscape characteristics and their impacts on pedestrian behaviour.
keywords Agent interaction; pedestrian behaviour; analysis
series CAADRIA
email arash.jalalian@uon.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2011_098
id ecaade2011_098
authors Jutraz, Anja; Voigt, Andreas; Zupancic, Tadeja
year 2011
title Exploring Urban Experimental Lab for public participation and education in urban design
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.904-912
wos WOS:000335665500104
summary This paper deals with visual digital collaborative tools for public participation in urban design. First it addresses the problem of the diversity of skills and knowledge levels of all the actors involved. The main focus is on exploring Urban Experimental Lab (Voigt, Kieferle, Wössner, 2009), developed for public participation in urban design, shifting the research focus towards the questions of educating both lay and different professional public through this process. Public participation in urban design is seen as an opportunity for lifelong urban design learning, offering a wide variety of different actions, problems and educational elements. All the participants are expected to improve their knowledge levels through participating in design process.
keywords Digital collaborative tool; urban experimental lab; public participation; education; urban design
series eCAADe
email anja.jutraz@fa.uni-lj.si
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2012_046
id ecaade2012_046
authors Juvancic, Matevz ; Zupancic, Tadeja
year 2012
title Evaluation system for Content and Language Integrated Learning in Architecture Using Immersive Environments
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 115-123
wos WOS:000330322400011
summary Based on the experience from EU project ARCHI21 (Hunter et al, 2011) and long-term commitment to research of architectural presentations and educational approaches to expert and non-expert public (i.e. Juvancic, Mullins & Zupancic, 2012), the paper aims to clarify the terms used in CLIL-architecture context, identify the variables that have, in practice so far, proven to infl uence the learning outcome and learning experience both in architectural and language sense, and systematize the findings into the useful system. The result can be envisioned as the potential ‘ladder of the CLIL & architecture integration‘. The system would be of help to anyone trying to integrate language learning at different stages of architectural education, pointing out the required fundamentals, predicting the possible learning outcomes or benchmarking them after the experience. The basic terms/variables divided into three major infl uencing groups - competence, work environment and course settings - are described first, proceeded with the scheme connecting them into the system and two actual examples ‘run’ through the matrix for illustrative purposes. The paper also looks specifi cally into the use of different immersive environments and digital communication tools for teaching the architecture/design–other language combination and adapts the system to this segment, while also briefly comments on learners and teachers responses to CLIL-architecture integration.
keywords Architecture; immersive environments; CLIL; evaluation; teaching; Archi21
series eCAADe
email matevz.juvancic@fa.uni-lj.si
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2011_113
id ecaade2011_113
authors Madrazo, Leandro; Riddy, Paul
year 2011
title OIKODOMOS Virtual Campus: Constructing learning processes in collaboration
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.194-202
wos WOS:000335665500022
summary The OIKODOMOS Virtual Campus is a learning space where teachers and students of schools of architecture and urban planning collaborate in the design and implementation of learning activities dedicated to the study of housing in contemporary Europe. Its pedagogic model is based on the intertwining of on-line and on-site activities and on the integration of different types of courses following a blended learning approach. A technological platform has been specifically created to support the project’s constructivist pedagogy. In this paper we describe the main components of the pedagogic model, the technological platform, their implementation and application for delivering learning activities.
keywords Virtual campus; blended learning; learning sequences; housing studies
series eCAADe
email madrazo@salle.url.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2011_412
id sigradi2011_412
authors Olmos Reveron, Francisco
year 2011
title Desarrollando destrezas proyectuales con la asistencia de la Teoría de la Sintaxis del Espacio durante el primer año de los estudios de arquitectura [Developing spatial configuration abilities coupled with the Space Syntax theory for first year architectural studies]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 476-479
summary The Space Syntax Theory (SST) has been taught at the Bartlett School of Postgraduate Studies at UCL as a tool for architects to explore the relationship between spatial configuration and social form. It has also been used as a design tool to explore and understand, during the design process, possible effects of design ideas on people interaction with space. However the introduction of SST in the first stage of architectural training as a learning resource for developing spatial configuration abilities has not been explored in detail yet. This paper is going to discuss an experience of training architectural students using the SST.
keywords e-learning; virtual studio; design training; architecture theory; space syntax
series SIGRADI
email f_olmos_2000@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:56

_id ijac20109306
id ijac20109306
authors Peng, Chengzhi
year 2011
title uCampus: Can an open source 3D interactive virtual campus modelling platform support institutional learning and innovation?
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 9 - no. 3, 303-324
summary This paper reports and reflects on the key findings from the UK JISC funded weCAMP-uCampus project undertaken at the University of Sheffield in which a Web-based 3D interactive campus visualization modelling platform was developed and deployed using the latest Java and XML-based open source technologies. The project evolved rapidly along three strands of development on software design, content generation, and user/stakeholder engagement. One of the key outcomes is a novel approach to visualising large complex datasets in conjunction with multi-scale and multi-layered 3D campus modelling. To test the adaptability of uCampus, the Augustine House Experiment was later carried out in collaboration with the iBorrow project based at the Canterbury Christ Church University campus. The question on the prospect of uCampus to support learning and innovation at an institutional level is discussed by revisiting the earlier works of the Oregon Experiment and the Seeding-Reseeding Meta-Design Framework.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id eaea2009_piga
id eaea2009_piga
authors Piga, Barbara E.A.
year 2011
title The Urban Simulation and Projects Evaluation Laboratory at the Politecnico di Milano: An Educational and Research Facility
source Projecting Spaces [Proceedings of the 9th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 978-3-942411-31-8 ], pp. 115-120
summary At the beginning of 2007 an Italian Urban Simulation Laboratory was founded at the Politecnico di Milano. The laboratory, coordinated by prof. Fausto Curti, has been developed thanks to the one year presence of the visiting professor Peter Bosselmann, director of the Environmental Simulation Laboratory at the University of California at Berkeley. The laboratory has an interdisciplinary approach and a threefold mission: experiment, using the laboratory setting to study urban projects at different scales; communicate, aiding public communication by making urban projects understandable to everyone; integrate and innovate, working on different kind of simulations techniques in an integrated way. In its initial experience the laboratory is primarily a didactic and research facility. Students can join the work and participate actively to the research. Until now about 40 students have worked with us, more than a half were foreign students from all over the world. The majority of the students did an internship of about 150 (three-year degree) or 300 (master degree) hours and some of them have continued working after this period developing a thesis. At the moment the case study, used as a pilot research, is about the Porta Nuova project at the Garibaldi- Repubblica area in Milan. The 300.000 mq of the total area and its well served central position make this place strategic for Milan. In this area the adopted urban transformation plan is creating a new business center that affects redevelopment projects, new infrastructures, and a park. The overall project will overhanging the surroundings city center with some of the highest buildings of its skyline. The importance of the site and the dimension of the project make this case significant to test the use of simulation for supporting evaluations about morphological aspects, comfort conditions, visual impacts, and other aspects that directly influence the quality of the new urban spaces. We are now applying different simulation methodologies in order to better understand the peculiar usefulness of each kind as a tool to support evaluation. As any kind has its own limits we work with different typologies at the same time. We are working with 1:500 scale physical model of a 1 km square of the area and different kind of static and dynamic simulations. We developed, with an external office, a micro-car to move a micro-camera in the maquette. We use this equipment to better explain the project implications to the students by producing subjective shot videos or showing a walk in real-time. To reproduce in a better way some relevant walks through the transformed site we have also produced some videos made of a superimposition of the real existing context and the virtual projects. To do this we used a rendered video of the project superimposed to the filmed promenade of the today condition, previously recorded using steadycam. A lot of static simulations has been employed to better understand the new city configuration from some representative points of view, as for example the roof of the Duomo cathedral. We are now developing some other kinds of analysis such as shadows impact; this is done by using a 1:1000 scale maquette in the Heliodon, but also with some digital tools. In the next future a work with the wind tunnel will help to understand some other comfort implications of the project at the micro-urban scale. The multilayer approach is the main aim of the laboratory and is an important tool to clarify the multidimensional project impacts to the students. In this way the laboratory can be a learning tool, it can stimulate the project process and support decision-making while improving the knowledge about the correct use of simulations for evaluating the cumulative implications of the proposed urban processes.
series other
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea
last changed 2011/03/04 07:45

_id sigradi2016_647
id sigradi2016_647
authors Reginato, Bruna Rovere; Pereira, Alice Theresinha Cybis
year 2016
title Definiç?o do plano de escopo do projeto TEAR_AD - Tecnologia no Ensino e Aprendizagem em Rede nas a?rea de Arquitetura e Design [Scope plan definition of TEAR_AD project – Technology in Teaching and Learning Network in Architecture and Design Area]
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.802-807
summary This paper aims to present the construction of the scope plan of TEAR_AD and presents structured through four main topics: (1) the introduction, which is the contextualization of TEAR_AD project and shows what was built until now, (2) methodology, the presentation of Garret's (2011) methodology for scope construction together with techniques based on agile development and Scrum; (3) results, showing the objects constructed from the presented methodology and (4) discussion about the difficulties encountered in the process, strengths and the next steps for the project.
keywords User centered design, interface design, design method, scrum
series SIGraDi
email brunareginato@gmail.com
last changed 2017/06/21 12:20

_id caadria2011_056
id caadria2011_056
authors Schnabel, Marc Aurel and Jeremy J. Ham
year 2011
title The social network virtual design studio: Integrated design learning using blended learning environments
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 589-598
summary Online communications, multimedia, mobile computing and face-to-face learning create blended learning environments to which some Virtual Design Studios (VDS) have reacted to. Social Networks (SN), as instruments for communication, have provided a potentially fruitful operative base for VDS. These technologies transfer communication, leadership, democratic interaction, teamwork, social engagement and responsibility away from the design tutors to the participants. The implementation of Social Network VDS (SNVDS) moved the VDS beyond its conventional realm and enabled students to develop architectural design that is embedded into a community of learners and expertise both online and offline. Problem-based learning (PBL) becomes an iterative and reflexive process facilitating deep learning. The paper discusses details of the SNVDS, its pedagogical implications to PBL, and presents how the SNVDS is successful in enabling architectural students to collaborate and communicate design proposals that integrate a variety of skills, deep learning, knowledge and construction with a rich learning experience.
keywords VDS; social networking; social learning; problem-based learning; PBL; Web2.0
series CAADRIA
email marcaurel@cuhk.edu.hk
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2011_089
id ecaade2011_089
authors Sorguc, Arzu Gonenc; Selcuk, Semra Arslan; Cakici, Fatma Zehra
year 2011
title Computer Simulation as an Integral Part of Digital Design Education in Architecture: The Modulator
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.43-50
wos WOS:000335665500003
summary It has been more than a decade that the first discussions on the integration of computational technologies into architectural education, especially into the design studios have been started. Since then, the use of CAD from drafting to complex solid modeling and manufacturing in design studios has been mostly achieved. Yet, persisting on the discussions within the same context, mostly focusing on the studio education and CAD/CAM rather than “CAAD” avoids inquiring other potentials of them as being a learning and implementation media of different knowledge domains. In this context this papers presents a discussion on andragogic learning by the integration of simulation technologies to architectural education to synthesize the fragmented knowledge that provides new learning media.
keywords Computer simulation; digital design; architectural education; modeling; modulator
series eCAADe
email arzug@metu.edu.tr
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2011_022
id ecaade2011_022
authors Achten, Henri
year 2011
title Degrees of Interaction: Towards a Classification
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.565-572
wos WOS:000335665500065
summary In architecture various approaches have been developed do deal with changing demands on the building. The most recent development is interactive architecture. In this paper we aim to outline what interactive architecture is. First we define the type of performance behavior that an interactive building or environment has. Following, we consider the relation between the system and the user. We derive four types of relations, characterized as “perfect butler,” “partner,” “environmental,” and “wizard.” Interactive systems are composed of sensors, controllers, actuators, and materials. Various degrees of interactivity can be achieved with such systems, ranging from passive, reactive, autonomous, to agent systems. Complete with earlier discussion of design methods this provides the range of aspects that should be considered when designing interactive architecture.
keywords Interactive architecture; Human-Computer interaction; design theory
series eCAADe
email achten@fa.cvut.cz
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2011_099
id ecaade2011_099
authors Ahlquist, Sean; Menges, Achim
year 2011
title Methodological Approach for the Integration of Material Information and Performance in the Design Computation for Tension-Active Architectural Systems
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.799-808
wos WOS:000335665500092
summary As computational design processes have moved from representation to simulation, the focus has shifted towards advanced integration of performance as a form defining measure. Performance, though, is often assessed purely on the level of geometry and stratified between hierarchically independent layers. When looking at tension-active membrane systems, performance is integrated across multiple levels and with only the membrane material itself, defining the structural, spatial and atmospheric qualities. The research described in this paper investigates the integrative nature of this type of lightweight structure and proposes methodologies for generating highly articulated and differentiated systems. As material is a critical component, the research focuses on a system-based approach which places priority on the inclusion of material research and parameterization into a behavior-based computational process.
keywords Material behavior; material computation; system; gestalt; tension-active system
series eCAADe
email sean.ahlquist@icd.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2011_117
id ecaade2011_117
authors Albayrak, Canan; Tunçer, Bige
year 2011
title Performative architecture as a guideline for transformation: Defense Line of Amsterdam
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.501-510
wos WOS:000335665500058
summary Performance as an architectural design paradigm has been emerging during the recent years. We have developed an understanding that we formalized as a taxonomy for performative architecture that considers performance from three points of view: health, safety and security performance; functional and efficiency performance; and psychological, social, cultural, and esthetic performance. This paper focuses on a design project that explores these ideas as a performative architecture proposal. The project focuses on the architectural transformation of the Defense Line of Amsterdam, 41 forts, as a green belt. This transformation considers a holistic approach of defining a general method and guideline. We developed a series of parametric models for the definition and generation of designs. The first model computes an urbanization level for each fort. Consequently, models are developed in 4 stages: regional design, urban design, building design, and production of a scale model, and these are applied in an iterative manner to reach design outcomes for the project.
keywords Performative architecture; performance evaluation; taxonomy; parametric modeling
series eCAADe
email cananalbayrak@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2011_328
id sigradi2011_328
authors Arenas, Felipe; Banda, Pablo
year 2011
title Morfología de Datos y Desterritorialización: Integrando sentido al diseño paramétrico [Data Morphology and Deterritorialization: Integrating meaning into Parametric Design]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 381-385
summary This paper reflects about the potential of integrating meaning into parametrics that can be produced by the linkage between information visualization interfaces and custom parametric modeling systems. The inclusion of unstable semantics from web-based geo-referenced information is proposed, as driver for producing extreme differentiation and systemic complexity in contemporary design practices.
series SIGRADI
email pablo.banda.p@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id caadria2011_032
id caadria2011_032
authors Barker, Tom; Nicole Gardner, M. Hank Haeusler and Martin Tomitsch
year 2011
title Last train to trancentral: From infrastructure to ‘info’structure: a case study of embedding digital technology into existing public transport infrastructures
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 335-344
summary The research presented in this paper is an investigation into how ubiquitous computing technologies can contribute to improving the quality of existing public transport environments through the integration of responsive technologies. The paper argues that given the significant challenges associated with transport infrastructure expansion including cost, disruption, energy use, and implementation periods augmenting existing transport environments offers alternate measures to manage demand and improve the user experience. The paper proposes improving transport environments by integrating smart, or responsive, digital information into the existing physical fabric in a coherent architectural and spatial context. This approach offers an opportunity to shift away from the static nature of public transport infrastructure to the dynamic notion of public transport ‘info’structure. The research uses an architecture graduate studio as a foundation to investigate the objectives. The contribution of this paper is an investigation of ways in which digital technologies and networked communications can transform and augment public transport infrastructure, allowing new forms of intelligent, adaptive, interactive and self-aware architecture to be developed.
keywords Urban Informatics; media facades; public transport; responsive technologies; smart environments
series CAADRIA
email tom.barker@uts.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id cf2011_p170
id cf2011_p170
authors Barros, Mário; Duarte José, Chaparro Bruno
year 2011
title Thonet Chairs Design Grammar: a Step Towards the Mass Customization of Furniture
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 181-200.
summary The paper presents the first phase of research currently under development that is focused on encoding Thonet design style into a generative design system using a shape grammar. The ultimate goal of the work is the design and production of customizable chairs using computer assisted tools, establishing a feasible practical model of the paradigm of mass customization (Davis, 1987). The current research step encompasses the following three steps: (1) codification of the rules describing Thonet design style into a shape grammar; (2) implementing the grammar into a computer tool as parametric design; and (3) rapid prototyping of customized chair designs within the style. Future phases will address the transformation of the Thonet’s grammar to create a new style and the production of real chair designs in this style using computer aided manufacturing. Beginning in the 1830’s, Austrian furniture designer Michael Thonet began experimenting with forming steam beech, in order to produce lighter furniture using fewer components, when compared with the standards of the time. Using the same construction principles and standardized elements, Thonet produced different chairs designs with a strong formal resemblance, creating his own design language. The kit assembly principle, the reduced number of elements, industrial efficiency, and the modular approach to furniture design as a system of interchangeable elements that may be used to assemble different objects enable him to become a pioneer of mass production (Noblet, 1993). The most paradigmatic example of the described vision of furniture design is the chair No. 14 produced in 1858, composed of six structural elements. Due to its simplicity, lightness, ability to be stored in flat and cubic packaging for individual of collective transportation, respectively, No. 14 became one of the most sold chairs worldwide, and it is still in production nowadays. Iconic examples of mass production are formally studied to provide insights to mass customization studies. The study of the shape grammar for the generation of Thonet chairs aimed to ensure rules that would make possible the reproduction of the selected corpus, as well as allow for the generation of new chairs within the developed grammar. Due to the wide variety of Thonet chairs, six chairs were randomly chosen to infer the grammar and then this was fine tuned by checking whether it could account for the generation of other designs not in the original corpus. Shape grammars (Stiny and Gips, 1972) have been used with sucesss both in the analysis as in the synthesis of designs at different scales, from product design to building and urban design. In particular, the use of shape grammars has been efficient in the characterization of objects’ styles and in the generation of new designs within the analyzed style, and it makes design rules amenable to computers implementation (Duarte, 2005). The literature includes one other example of a grammar for chair design by Knight (1980). In the second step of the current research phase, the outlined shape grammar was implemented into a computer program, to assist the designer in conceiving and producing customized chairs using a digital design process. This implementation was developed in Catia by converting the grammar into an equivalent parametric design model. In the third phase, physical models of existing and new chair designs were produced using rapid prototyping. The paper describes the grammar, its computer implementation as a parametric model, and the rapid prototyping of physical models. The generative potential of the proposed digital process is discussed in the context of enabling the mass customization of furniture. The role of the furniture designer in the new paradigm and ideas for further work also are discussed.
keywords Thonet; furniture design; chair; digital design process; parametric design; shape grammar
series CAAD Futures
email m.barros@ipt.pt
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id acadiaregional2011_029
id acadiaregional2011_029
authors Bell, Brad; Kevin Patrick McClellan, Andrew Vrana
year 2011
title Reconfiguring Collaboration by Computational Means Tex-Fab: A new model for collaborative engagement
source Parametricism (SPC) ACADIA Regional 2011 Conference Proceedings
summary TEX-FAB is a non-profit organization founded between three universities in Texas with the primary function of connecting design professionals, academics, and manufactures interested in digital fabrication. The three co-directors established TEX-FAB as a collective action, one that attempts to combine divergent interests and capabilities, for the purpose of strengthening the regional discourse around digital fabrication and parametric design. The three primary avenues for accomplishing this goal are set out as Theoria (Lectures / Exhibitions), Poiesis (Workshops) and Praxis (Competition). We see this type of effort as a new paradigm focused on providing a network of affiliated digital fabrication resources, and a platform for education/ exchange on issues of parametric modeling. It is our position that TEX-FAB engages the new and growing awareness of a regional and global hybridization. We seek to leverage the burgeoning global knowledge base to produce a more specific and contextual dialogue within the region we operate, teach, and practice.
series ACADIA
last changed 2011/07/08 09:17

_id cf2011_p127
id cf2011_p127
authors Benros, Deborah; Granadeiro Vasco, Duarte Jose, Knight Terry
year 2011
title Integrated Design and Building System for the Provision of Customized Housing: the Case of Post-Earthquake Haiti
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 247-264.
summary The paper proposes integrated design and building systems for the provision of sustainable customized housing. It advances previous work by applying a methodology to generate these systems from vernacular precedents. The methodology is based on the use of shape grammars to derive and encode a contemporary system from the precedents. The combined set of rules can be applied to generate housing solutions tailored to specific user and site contexts. The provision of housing to shelter the population affected by the 2010 Haiti earthquake illustrates the application of the methodology. A computer implementation is currently under development in C# using the BIM platform provided by Revit. The world experiences a sharp increase in population and a strong urbanization process. These phenomena call for the development of effective means to solve the resulting housing deficit. The response of the informal sector to the problem, which relies mainly on handcrafted processes, has resulted in an increase of urban slums in many of the big cities, which lack sanitary and spatial conditions. The formal sector has produced monotonous environments based on the idea of mass production that one size fits all, which fails to meet individual and cultural needs. We propose an alternative approach in which mass customization is used to produce planed environments that possess qualities found in historical settlements. Mass customization, a new paradigm emerging due to the technological developments of the last decades, combines the economy of scale of mass production and the aesthetics and functional qualities of customization. Mass customization of housing is defined as the provision of houses that respond to the context in which they are built. The conceptual model for the mass customization of housing used departs from the idea of a housing type, which is the combined result of three systems (Habraken, 1988) -- spatial, building system, and stylistic -- and it includes a design system, a production system, and a computer system (Duarte, 2001). In previous work, this conceptual model was tested by developing a computer system for existing design and building systems (Benr__s and Duarte, 2009). The current work advances it by developing new and original design, building, and computer systems for a particular context. The urgent need to build fast in the aftermath of catastrophes quite often overrides any cultural concerns. As a result, the shelters provided in such circumstances are indistinct and impersonal. However, taking individual and cultural aspects into account might lead to a better identification of the population with their new environment, thereby minimizing the rupture caused in their lives. As the methodology to develop new housing systems is based on the idea of architectural precedents, choosing existing vernacular housing as a precedent permits the incorporation of cultural aspects and facilitates an identification of people with the new housing. In the Haiti case study, we chose as a precedent a housetype called “gingerbread houses”, which includes a wide range of houses from wealthy to very humble ones. Although the proposed design system was inspired by these houses, it was decided to adopt a contemporary take. The methodology to devise the new type was based on two ideas: precedents and transformations in design. In architecture, the use of precedents provides designers with typical solutions for particular problems and it constitutes a departing point for a new design. In our case, the precedent is an existing housetype. It has been shown (Duarte, 2001) that a particular housetype can be encoded by a shape grammar (Stiny, 1980) forming a design system. Studies in shape grammars have shown that the evolution of one style into another can be described as the transformation of one shape grammar into another (Knight, 1994). The used methodology departs takes off from these ideas and it comprises the following steps (Duarte, 2008): (1) Selection of precedents, (2) Derivation of an archetype; (3) Listing of rules; (4) Derivation of designs; (5) Cataloguing of solutions; (6) Derivation of tailored solution.
keywords Mass customization, Housing, Building system, Sustainable construction, Life cycle energy consumption, Shape grammar
series CAAD Futures
email deborahbenros@gmail.com
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

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