CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id caadria2011_044
id caadria2011_044
authors Matthews, Linda and Gavin Perin
year 2011
title Exploiting instability: Reconfiguring digital systems
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 463-472
summary The transmission technologies of digital environments propagated by the Internet, specifically the ubiquitous webcam system, present new material to mediate people’s engagement with civic space and simultaneously offer new ways to materialize its three-dimensional form. Recent research shows that the technical functionality of the webcam can be extended through deliberate intervention within the performance of contemporary camera optics. This suggests the development of new techniques for design intervention that operate in direct relationship to the evolution of the very technologies they exploit. With specific focus on the optical and chromatic translational capacities of the camera, the paper will discuss how the manipulation of its colour receptor mechanism not only provides the designer with an opportunity to exceed the constraints of commonly available colour palettes, but also it will show how this digital disruption actively capitalises upon the discrepancies that govern design strategies applied to formal production within coexistent virtual and real-time space. Through the deployment of colour filter array patterns, this new technique is able to extend the working gamut of RGB colour space in a way that that allows chromatic selection for exterior and interior urban space to be linked to programmatic distribution across duplicate environments.
keywords CCTV; webcam; virtual; array; discrepancy
series CAADRIA
email Linda.Matthews@uts.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadiaregional2011_029
id acadiaregional2011_029
authors Bell, Brad; Kevin Patrick McClellan, Andrew Vrana
year 2011
title Reconfiguring Collaboration by Computational Means Tex-Fab: A new model for collaborative engagement
source Parametricism (SPC) ACADIA Regional 2011 Conference Proceedings
summary TEX-FAB is a non-profit organization founded between three universities in Texas with the primary function of connecting design professionals, academics, and manufactures interested in digital fabrication. The three co-directors established TEX-FAB as a collective action, one that attempts to combine divergent interests and capabilities, for the purpose of strengthening the regional discourse around digital fabrication and parametric design. The three primary avenues for accomplishing this goal are set out as Theoria (Lectures / Exhibitions), Poiesis (Workshops) and Praxis (Competition). We see this type of effort as a new paradigm focused on providing a network of affiliated digital fabrication resources, and a platform for education/ exchange on issues of parametric modeling. It is our position that TEX-FAB engages the new and growing awareness of a regional and global hybridization. We seek to leverage the burgeoning global knowledge base to produce a more specific and contextual dialogue within the region we operate, teach, and practice.
series ACADIA
last changed 2011/07/08 09:17

_id caadria2011_001
id caadria2011_001
authors Muslimin, Rizal
year 2011
title One-piece weaving: Reconfiguring folding and knotting algorithm in computational design
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 9-18
summary A beneficial symbiotic relationship between traditional crafts and new technologies may be achieved when computational designers view the existing traditional art and craft as partners to collaborate with and when traditional cultures are willing to accept new technologies in an enthusiastic yet critical manner. This research aims to reconfigure computational design paradigm at the intersection of traditional and digital technology by evaluating a series of relatively recent computational design experiments aimed at reconceptualizing weaving as a combination of folding algorithm and knot theory with respect to the apparent dialectical tension between traditional context and computational theories in architectural design.
keywords Weaving; folding; knot
series CAADRIA
email rizal@mit.edu
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2011_155
id ecaade2011_155
authors Vrontissi, Maria; Azariadi, Styliani
year 2011
title Digital tools in the architectural design of a geodesic dome: The case-study of the bearing structure of an artificial sky lighting installation
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.511-520
summary This article discusses the use of digital technology in the design and construction of a geodesic dome built in a student workshop as the bearing structure for an artificial sky lighting installation. Digital tools were used for the whole process from preliminary to detailed design, fabrication and assembly, in order to allow the investigation and precise representation of the geodesic geometry. However, limited possibilities, in combination with the intrinsic nature of the geometry, which allowed segregation of tasks, did not permit a full exploration of the potential of the digital continuum at that time; even though taking advantage of digital technologies, the process maintained some of its linear characteristics. A couple of years after the successful completion of the installation, the project is ‘revisited’ in retrospect, and the design process is ‘reengineered’ considering the design potential of recent advances in digital technology. In this work in progress, an attempt is made to work with an inclusive model that contains geometric, structural, material and manufacturing input and constraints and can inform design, fabrication and assembly processes, allowing for dynamic manipulation and control of parameters at any given time; thus, reconfiguring in real time the design, as well as the related processes.
wos WOS:000335665500059
keywords Digital tools; parametric design; geodesic dome; artificial sky
series eCAADe
email mvrontis@arch.uth.gr
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 10cc
id 10cc
authors Alves, Gilfranco; Nojimoto, Cynthia
year 2011
title Strings Pavilion: design process
source V!RUS, [online] n. 6. [online] Available at: . [Accessed: 30 December 2011].
summary The paper presents the design process of Strings Pavilion developed during the Architectural Association School of Architecture's Visiting School Workshop occurred in Sao Paulo city, in July, 2011. The pavilion is an outcome from a collective creation process of five persons team working in an immersive way during ten days; they explored several possibilities of experimentation and hybrid processes from researches about materials features and behaviors as well as parametric software. Fundamental concepts such as loop, feedback and responsivity from Second Order Cybernetic and Systems Theory were included and applied in the creation process.
keywords design processes; Second Order Cybernetic; Complex Systems, parametric design; digital fabrication; interactivity.
series other
type normal paper
email gilfranco@sc.usp.br
more http://www.nomads.usp.br/virus/virus06/?sec=6&item=2&lang=en
last changed 2012/01/09 06:27

_id sigradi2011_328
id sigradi2011_328
authors Arenas, Felipe; Banda, Pablo
year 2011
title Morfología de Datos y Desterritorialización: Integrando sentido al diseño paramétrico [Data Morphology and Deterritorialization: Integrating meaning into Parametric Design]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 381-385
summary This paper reflects about the potential of integrating meaning into parametrics that can be produced by the linkage between information visualization interfaces and custom parametric modeling systems. The inclusion of unstable semantics from web-based geo-referenced information is proposed, as driver for producing extreme differentiation and systemic complexity in contemporary design practices.
series SIGRADI
email pablo.banda.p@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ijac20109301
id ijac20109301
authors Biloria, Nimish
year 2011
title InfoMatters, a multi-agent systems approach for generating performative architectural formations
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 9 - no. 3, 205-222
summary The research paper exemplifies upon a computationally intensive inter-disciplinary research driven design investigation into spatializing the relationship between digital information and physical matter. Focusing on the development of architectural scale urban inserts, the design-research work operates on the intersection of information technology, environmental design, architecture, and computer aided manufacturing domains.The research framework revolves around developing a seamless integration of the aforementioned disciplines in order to establish iterative simulation driven methodologies for generating bottom-up sustainable architectural formations. This is achieved by establishing parametrically driven relational linkages between differential data sets (environmental, social, topological, material etc), which formulate the context (both global and local) within which the proposed project has to be designed. A selforganizing multi-agent system based simulation methodology for generating resultant spatial formations, in time, based on the impacts of the parametric relationships between the aforementioned data sets is eventually embarked upon. This implies, understanding the site as a dynamic information field within which interdependent ecology of agents (representing typology of people, program, structure, speed, desired social interaction etc) with multi-level relational affinities amongst each other as well as the dynamic urban information field. The resultant self-organized multi-agent formations are iteratively mined for identifying logical three-dimensional structural patterns or subjected to programmatic and environmental need driven additional layer of structural simulation with pre-embedded material restraints. An optimized system of multi-performative components that not only populates but also serves as an integrated structural + skin system of the results obtained from the agent based simulations (based upon the degree of inclusion/exclusion of parameters such as the amount of light, sound, wind etc) is subsequently generated. These experimental projects attained the status of self-evolving ecologies of multi-dimensional agents with embodied behavioural profiles, thus providing engaged, highly interdependent design by simulation outputs. The outputs showcase a dynamic system's driven approach towards sustainable design by stressing upon the idea of cohesively binding information and material systems from the very beginning of the design process. Such approaches help in reducing post-optimization of built form and consequently allow for rational understanding of performance criteria and its impact on formal articulations throughout the design process.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id cf2011_p043
id cf2011_p043
authors Boeykens, Stefan
year 2011
title Using 3D Design Software, BIM and Game Engines for Architectural Historical Reconstruction
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 493-509.
summary The use of digital tools has become a tremendous aid in the creation of digital, historical reconstructions of architectural projects. Regular visualization techniques have been used for quite some time and they still pose interesting approaches, such as following cinematic techniques [1]. While common visualizations focus on pre-rendered graphics, it is possible to apply Game Engines [2] for real-time architectural visualization, as witnessed by [3] and [4]. In the course of our teaching and research efforts, we have collected experience with several visualization and modeling techniques, including the use of gaming engines. While the modeling of qualitative geometry for use in regular visualization already poses an elaborate effort, the preparation of models for different uses is often not trivial. Most modeling systems only support the creation of models for a single amount of detail, whereas an optimized model for a real-time system will have fairly different constraints when compared to non-real-time models for photorealistic rendering and animation. The use of parametric methods is one usable approach to tackle this complexity, as illustrated in [4]. One of the major advantages of using parametric approaches lies precisely in the possibility of using a single model to generate different geometry with control over the amount of detail. We explicitly tackle this in a Building Information Modeling (BIM) context, as to support much more than purely 3D geometry and visualization purposes. An integrated approach allows the same model to be used for technical drawings in 2D and an optimized 3D model in varying levels of detail for different visualization purposes. However, while most Building Information Modeling applications are targeted to current architectural practice, they seldom provide sufficient content for the recreation of historical models. This thus requires an extensive library of parametric, custom objects to be used and re-used for historically accurate models, which can serve multiple purposes. Finally, the approach towards the historical resources also poses interpretation problems, which we tackled using a reasonably straightforward set up of an information database, collecting facts and accuracies. This helps in the visualization of color-coded 3D models, depicting the accuracy of the model, which is a valuable graphical approach to discuss and communicate information about the historical study in an appealing format. This article will present the results of different reconstruction case studies, using a variety of design applications and discuss the inherent complexity and limitations in the process of translating an active, evolving model into an environment suitable for use in a real-time system. Especially workflow issues are identified, as the translation of the model into the game engine should be repeated several times, when the model is further refined and adapted. This used to involve a large amount of repetitive work, but the current crop of game engines have much better approaches to manage the updating of the geometry.
keywords Real-time architecture, game engines, cultural heritage, digital reconstruction, parametric modeling, Building Information Modeling
series CAAD Futures
email stefan.boeykens@asro.kuleuven.be
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id acadia11_242
id acadia11_242
authors Braumann, Johannes; Brell-Cokcan, Sigrid
year 2011
title Parametric Robot Control: Integrated CAD/CAM for Architectural Design
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 242-251
summary Robots are gaining popularity in architecture. Snøhetta has recently purchased their own industrial robot, becoming one of the first architectural offices to adopt robot technology. As more and more architects are exposed to robotic fabrication, the need for easy interoperability, integration into architectural design tools and general accessibility will increase. Architects are discovering that industrial robots are much more than kinematic machines for stacking bricks, welding or milling - they are highly multifunctional and can be used for a huge variety of tasks. However, industry standard software does not provide easy solutions for allowing direct robot control right from CAAD (Computer Aided Architectural Design) systems. In this paper we will discuss existing methods of programming industrial robots, published architectural results (Gramazio and Kohler 2008) and the design of a new user interface that allows intuitive control of parametric designs and customized robotic mass production, by integrating CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) functions into CAAD.
keywords robot programming; parametric design; mass customization; grasshopper component design; fabrication; robot milling; digital architecture
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email johannes@robotsinarchitecture.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id acadia11_186
id acadia11_186
authors Chaturvedi, Sanhita; Colmenares, Esteban; Mundim, Thiago
year 2011
title Knitectonics
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 186-195
summary The project Knitectonics aims at exploring digital fabrication systems that facilitate optimized, adaptive and specific integrated architectural solutions (Male-Alemany 2010). It is inspired by the beauty of nature systems with their inherent efficiency and performance. The research explored on-site fabrication of monocoques shells, integrating skin and structure along with services and infrastructure, using a simple household technique. It thus embodies a self organized micro system of textures and a macro system of structures. This paper elaborates how the numeric aspects of a textile technique were used, first to digitally imitate the process of assembly and further exploited to develop and visualize a novel fabrication system, based on material research and technical experimentation.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email sanhita.chaturvedi@gmail.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id sigradi2011_423
id sigradi2011_423
authors Chiarella, Mauro; Dalla Costa, Matias
year 2011
title Patrones Generativos Dinámicos (URDIR.Lab). Estrategias proyectuales paramétricas simples para el ejercicio profesional cotidiano [Dynamic Generative Patterns (URDIR.Lab). Simple Parametric Design Strategies for Everyday Practice]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 210-214
summary The international architecture of the past decade adds parametric design to the project as a new variable dynamic strategy in the design process. Generative patterns meet a way of achieving parameterization from the computational geometry. The experimental developments of URDIR.Lab (FADU-UNL) group, ranges from: the current projective exercises with dynamic materials and forms to the development of simple formulas applied to everyday practice. The proposed challenge is to merge the local available technological resources - pre-industrial and industrial - with the ideation systems of post-industrial technologies.
series SIGRADI
email mchiarella@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id ecaade2011_122
id ecaade2011_122
authors Chronis, Angelos; Jagannath, Prarthana; Siskou, Vasiliki Aikaterini; Jones, Jonathan
year 2011
title Sensing digital co-presence and digital identity: Visualizing the Bluetooth landscape of the City of Bath
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.87-92
summary The impact of ubiquitous digital technologies on the analysis and synthesis of our urban environment is undoubtedly great. The urban topography is overlaid by an invisible, yet very tangible digital topography that is increasingly affecting our urban life. As W. J. Mitchell (Mitchell 2005) pointed out, the digital revolution has filled our world with “electronic instruments of displacement” that “embed the virtual in the physical, and weave it seamlessly into daily urban life”. The mobile phone, the most integrated mobile device is closely related to the notion of a digital identity, our personal identity on this digital space. The Bluetooth is the mainly used direct communication protocol between mobile phones today and in this scope, each device has its own unique ID, its “MAC address”. This paper investigates the potential use of recording and analysing Bluetooth enabled devices in the urban scale in understanding the interrelation between the physical and the digital topographies.
wos WOS:000335665500009
keywords Pervasive systems; digital presence; urban encounter; digital identity
series eCAADe
email angelos.chronis.09@ucl.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2011_158
id sigradi2011_158
authors Davis, Felecia
year 2011
title Telephoning Textiles: Networked Soft Architectures
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 231-234
summary A textile receives a telephone call from a mobile telephone. This wearable textile is an innovative example of inter-layering and weaving together materials to make a composite soft material that can receive calls from mobile telephones. If a textile can be designed as a wearable shirt, as demonstrated in this paper, then many of these same fabrication techniques can be integrated into soft architecture at a scale large enough to shelter people. This project demonstrates networked soft materials; the project develops the concept of soft architecture and presents a new framework for building integrated architectural systems.
keywords Computational Textile; Soft Architecture; E-Textiles; Mobile Communications; Networked Wearables
series SIGRADI
email fad@mit.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id sigradi2011_294
id sigradi2011_294
authors Diaz García, Sergio; Fuentes Larenas, Luis
year 2011
title Sistematización, registro y documentación del proceso formativo del Diseñado Digital Web e Interacción, a partir de las competencias profesionales [Systematization, registration and documentation of the training process of Digital Web and Interaction Designer from professional skills.]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 465-467
summary In the context of a profession-oriented university, universal access and a career projecting, reflecting on the traditional evaluation systems and their ability to deliver rich information necessary for the proper formation process. With the increasing demand upon graduation is proposed to focus on developing mobile schemes and networking skill-based certified professionals. Finally, the challenges are projected skills education in a world where knowledge and technology doubles in ever shorter periods.
series SIGRADI
email lfuentesl@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id caadria2011_068
id caadria2011_068
authors Garagnani, Simone
year 2011
title Packing the “Chinese box”: A strategy to manage knowledge using architectural digital models
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 717-726
summary The architectural design activity has been transformed due to technological advances in building knowledge management. The research proposed is based on a three years long Ph.D. work on 3D models intended as graphical informative systems, layered according to the “Chinese box” paradigm and destined to professionals and researchers in architecture. The applied case study is referred to San Vitale’s church in Ravenna, Italy: the monument was investigated through nested digital models produced by different computer programs. Passing through evolutionary steps identified as synthesis, reduction and projection, the resulting archive lowered its Complication Ratio, a numerical value inspired by fractal’s auto-similarity, indicating a recursive modification in morphologies and contents. Models so conceived are qualified as progressive knowledge-based catalogues easily interchangeable and useful to understand how new or existing architectures work. As a result of this approach, representations obtained with surveys, historical chronicles, light analysis and acoustic simulations were composed following gradual refinements: technical data were collected running parallel to bibliographic research, enriching interactive virtual models sprung from a recursive criterion destined to increase the information enclosed into an undivided, lossless, digital archive.
keywords 3D modelling; virtual architecture; BIM; CAAD; information database
series CAADRIA
email simone.garagnani@unibo.it
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2011_063
id ecaade2011_063
authors Garner, Steve; Schadewitz, Nicole; Holden, Georgina; Zamenopoulos, Theodore; Alexiou, Katerina
year 2011
title Supporting Fragility in Distance Design Education
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.663-672
summary This paper outlines work in progress that seeks to support and develop online distance design education for adult learners. At the core of this paper is the belief that design thinking is fragile and the systems we create to support design thinking are fragile. This has important implications for those seeking to implement immersive environments for teaching and learning in disciplines such as engineering, product design, environment design and architecture. This paper suggests we need to look backwards in order to look forwards; that by examining the characteristics of the traditional ‘atelier’ model of art and design education we might observe clues to a framework of teaching and learning in design that can embrace the opportunities presented by new digital technologies. The paper focuses on the use of Second Life as a component of a wider virtual design atelier and explores how Second Life might potentially offers a means of addressing fragile collaborative learning.
wos WOS:000335665500077
keywords Design; atelier; ARCHI21; education
series eCAADe
email s.w.garner@open.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2011_p019
id cf2011_p019
authors Haeusler, Matthias Hank; Beilharz Kirsty
year 2011
title Architecture = Computer‚ from Computational to Computing Environments
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 217-232.
summary Drawing on architecture, urban digital media, engineering, IT and interaction design, the research presented in this paper outlines a possible shift from architecture designed through computation (any type of process, algorithm or measurement done in a computational matter) towards architecture capable of computing (developing, using and improving computer technology, computer hardware and software as a space-defining element). The research is driven by recent developments in four fields, as follows: (a) Architecture in its recent development has shifted from a planar box, as was the ideal in the modernist movement, towards complex and non-standard forms. (b) The design concepts of non-standard surfaces have been adopted into media facades and media architecture by liberating the pixel from its planar position on a screen [1]. (c) Advancements in pervasive computing applications are now able both to receive information from the environment in which they are used and to detect other devices that enter this environment [2]. (d) Developments in advanced autonomous systems such as Human Computer Interaction (HCI) or Human Robot Interaction (HRI), have produced intelligent systems capable of observing human cues and using these cues as the basis for intelligent decision-making [3]. Media fa_ßade developments work in the direction of the above-mentioned four fields, but often come with limitations in architectural integration; they need additional components to interact with their environment and their interactions are both often limited to visual interactions and require the user to act first. The researched system, Polymedia Pixel [4] discussed in this paper, can overcome these limitations and fulfil the need for a space-defining material capable of computing, thus enabling a shift from architecture designed by computation towards architecture capable of active computing. The Polymedia Pixel architecture merges digital technology with ubiquitous computing. This allows the built environment and its relation with digital technology to develop from (a) architecture being represented by computer to (b) computation being used to develop architecture and then further to where (c) architecture and the space-defining objects have computing attributes. Hence the study presented aims to consider and answer this key question: ‚ÄòWhen building components with computing capacity can define space and function as a computer at the same time, what are the constraints for the building components and what are the possible advantages for the built environment?‚Äô The conceptual framework, design and methods used in this research combine three fields: (a) hardware (architecture and design, electronic engineering) (b) software (content design and IT) and (c) interaction design (HCI and HRI). Architecture and urban design determinates the field of application. Media architecture and computer science provide the technological foundation, while the field of interaction design defines the methodology to link space and computing [5]. The conceptual starting point is to rethink the application of computers in architecture and, if architecture is capable of computing, what kind of methodology and structure would find an answer to the above core research question, and what are the implications of the question itself? The case study discusses opportunities for applying the Polymedia Pixel as an architectural component by testing it on: (a) constraint testing ‚Äì applying computational design methodologies to design space (b) singular testing - discussing the advantages for an individual building, and (c) plural testing ‚Äì investigating the potential for an urban context. The research aims to contribute to the field of knowledge through presenting first steps of a System < - > System mode where buildings can possibly watch and monitor each other, additional to the four primary interactive modes of operation. This investigation, its proposed hypothesis, methodology, implications, significance and evaluation are presented in the paper.
keywords media architecture, computational environments, ubiquitous computing, interaction design, computer science
series CAAD Futures
email matthias.haeusler@uts.edu.au
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id caadria2011_017
id caadria2011_017
authors Hanafin, Stuart; Sambit Datta and Bernard Rolfe
year 2011
title Tree facades: Generative modelling with an axial branch rewriting system
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 175-184
summary The methods and algorithms of generative modelling can be improved when representing organic structures by the study of computational models of natural processes and their application to architectural design. In this paper, we present a study of the generation of branching structures and their application to the development of façade support systems. We investigate two types of branching structures, a recursive bifurcation model and an axial tree based L-system for the generation of façades. The aim of the paper is to capture not only the form but also the underlying principles of biomimicry found in branching. This is then tested, by their application to develop experimental façade support systems. The developed algorithms implement parametric variations for façade generation based on natural tree-like branching. The benefits of such a model are: ease of structural optimization, variations of support and digital fabrication of façade components.
keywords Parametric Modelling; Biomimicry; Lindenmayer Systems; Branching Structures
series CAADRIA
email stuart.hanafin@deakin.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id cf2011_p099
id cf2011_p099
authors Huang, Andy; Erhan Halil, Woodbury Robert, Nasirova Diliara, Kozlova Karine
year 2011
title Collaboration Workflow Simplified: Reduction of Device Overhead for Integrated Design Collaboration
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 591-602.
summary Design collaboration relies on cognitive tools such as analog media and digital peripheral devices, and shows the characteristics of distributed cognition. It is a social and complex activity involving multiple agents communicating and using external cognitive tools to encode, decode, and share information in the process of collaborative task completion. The systems supporting this activity should meet the ’principle of least collaboration effort’ [4] that proposes that agents in collaboration minimize their effort in presentation and acceptance of information. Yet, current collaboration systems are dispersed mixed media that is often overloaded with representations and functionality, thus preventing seam- less information sharing. Designers are required to spend extra effort collecting information using peripheral devices and in system management when sharing information. The goal of this study is to understand these overheads in infor- mation collection and sharing using peripheral devices, and to provide designers with a supportive platform to enhance collaboration using both analog and digital media. In this paper, we first review available peripheral devices such as smart pens, digital cameras, and voice recorders, as well as existing collaboration sup- porting software systems for their benefits and deficiencies in collaboration. We then present ’DiNa’, a collaboration platform that is envisioned to improve pro- ductivity and reduce redundant work by integrating peripheral devices into the collaboration workflow. We demonstrate a possible workflow using this system through several scenarios where designers collaborate in performing a series of design tasks. We hope to bring attention to the importance least collaborative effort in designing systems to support real-world collaboration.
keywords Collaboration, Peripheral Devices, Knowledge Collection, Human Computer Interaction, Computer Aided Design
series CAAD Futures
email huang_a@sfu.ca
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id ecaade2012_113
id ecaade2012_113
authors Jutraz, Anja ; Zupancic, Tadeja
year 2012
title Digital system of tools for public participation and education in urban design: Exploring 3D ICC
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 383-392
summary This article is a starting point for the development of experiential urban co-design interfaces to enhance public participation in local urban projects and to be also used as a communication and collaboration tool in urban design. It is based on the previous research involving 3D city models utilized as understandable design interfaces for the non-technical public (Jutraz, Zupancic, 2011), where we have already explored different views (pedestrian, intermediate and bird’s-eye view), as well as the means by which the information obtained from these different views may be combined by shifting between viewpoints. Previous work was conducted in the “street lab” as well as the Urban Experimental Lab, which was developed specifi cally for the public’s participation in urban planning (Voigt, Kieferle, Wössner, 2009). Presented in this article is the next step that explores the immersive collaboration environment 3D ICC [1], formerly known as Teleplace. The environment was developed for effi cient collaboration and remote communication and shifts the research focus towards questions regarding how to employ both labs as interfaces between the non-technical public and design professionals. As we are facing the lack of digital systems for public participation and education in urban design, different digital tools for communication and collaboration should be combined into a new holistic platform for design. A digital system of tools needs to be developed that supports the urban design decision-making process and focuses on improved final solutions and increased satisfaction amongst all participants. In this article the system of digital tools for public participation, which include communication, collaboration and education, will be also defi ned, with its basic characteristics and its elements.
wos WOS:000330322400039
keywords Digital system of tools; collaboration; 3D model; public participation; urban design
series eCAADe
email anja.jutraz@fa.uni-lj.si
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

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