CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id acadia11_300
id acadia11_300
authors Ruffo Calderon, Emmanuel; Schimek, Heimo; Wiltsche, Albert
year 2011
title Seeking Performative Beauty
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 300-307
summary With digital design and fabrication becoming ever more common in architectural design, the computational geometry topic of discretizing freeform surfaces into flat panels has become a common challenge. At the present, most approaches to the issue of preserving a 2D-tessellation on a freeform surface are focused on optimizing the shape of the structure by approximating geometric “equally-sized” flat patterns. In doing so, these strategies treat the approximation of the desired shape as the primary goal, leaving aside the aesthetical aspect of the paneling, which can be seen as having an ornamental quality. In contrast to these common strategies, the project presented in this paper pursues a more holistic approach that tries to integrate aesthetical as well as structural issues by using more complex as well as more performative patterns for the discretization. In the present paper, we present algorithmic strategies that were designed to integrate from the aesthetics of an exposed timber structure, through analysis of structural loading feedbacks to a detailed level of the physical joint system, as part of the fundamental early design decisions. The consequence of the overall negotiations relies fully on their physical integration through computational design. The present paper discusses both the algorithmic techniques and the joint systems through a series of case studies. At the end of the paper we provide an overview to upcoming tasks including the production of a major structure.
keywords digital architecture; mathematics in architecture; higher-dimensional objects in architecture; design computation and mathematics
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email research@emmanuelruffo.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id cf2011_p112
id cf2011_p112
authors Schlueter, Arno
year 2011
title Integrated Design Process for Prefabricated Façade Modules with Embedded Distributed Service Systems
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 419-434.
summary The awareness of the environmental impact of buildings concerning their CO2 emissions, their energy and resource consumption has raised the challenges on building design, construction and operation. Building service systems are among the main contributors to building related emissions. Their consideration already in design is therefore of growing importance. Distributed service systems represent a new paradigm towards the supply of a building with energy and matter. Being small, efficient and networked, they can be distributed within the building fabric to allow an efficiently supply of the building space. Their employment, however, affects the spatial layout, construction and resulting building performance. In order to capture the resulting complex dependencies, a strategy to integrate such systems into the architectural design process is necessary. In this work a design process is proposed, that integrates distributed service systems into building design, dissolving the classical divide between architectural design and service systems layout. Digital modelling and computational methods are employed to create and analyse design solutions, visualize performance criteria and provide the relevant data for the intended digital fabrication process. The process is exemplified using a joint university-industry case study project focusing on parametric façade modules, developed in a seamless digital process from concept to fabrication.
keywords integrated design, design process, performance assessment, digital fabrication, distributed building service systems
series CAAD Futures
email schlueter@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id acadiaregional2011_010
id acadiaregional2011_010
authors Senske, Nicholas
year 2011
title A Curriculum for Integrating Computational Thinking
source Parametricism (SPC) ACADIA Regional 2011 Conference Proceedings
summary For architectural educators, a challenge of teaching digital design is maintaining a relevant curriculum amidst an increasing array of constantly evolving software and tools. This paper describes a curriculum proposal under review at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, which attempts to address this situation through the integration of computational thinking in studios and seminars.
series ACADIA
last changed 2011/07/08 09:17

_id ecaade2013_042
id ecaade2013_042
authors Shah, Mahnaz
year 2013
title Space-non-Space and the Role of Computational Design
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 329-335
summary This paper questions the context and meaning of space or the ‘spatial’ within the current architectural and urban rhetoric as suggested by Vidler (2011) in his essay Transparency and Utopia: Constructing the void from Pascal to Foucault. As a case in point this paper further introduces the context of ‘non-space’ as supposedly introduced by Le Corbusier in his Potato Building typology studies conducted during the early 1960s. In both the above instances the concept of ‘enlightment space’ or a geometrical, rational gridded and above all transparent space is contrived and skewed to accommodate alternate determinates – space in this instance, according to Vidler; no longer operates as an instrument of monumental construction but rather as an agent of monumental dissolution. Given the above definition, the paper critically evaluates the role of computational design within this spatial decomposition.
wos WOS:000340635300034
keywords Spatial; non-space; geometry; computational design; architectural constructs.
series eCAADe
email mshah@cardiffmet.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia11_390
id acadia11_390
authors Takenaka, Tsukasa; Okabe, Aya
year 2011
title Networked Coding Method for Digital Timber Fabrication
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 390-395
summary This paper proposes a new interactive design method, called the networked coding method (NC method), which can manage computational design, multi-objective optimization and digital timber fabrication in an interactive design process. First, this paper discusses several drawbacks of the conventional method for architectural design. Second, the paper describes the facilities and equipment of the fabrication laboratory where the NC method was developed. Third, the paper outlines the components of the NC method together with the design process of architectural elements, called integrated fabric 2011. Finally, the paper summarizes several advantages of the method, including the production of an architectural element called the integrated-fabric that integrates various functions into one single element. The method is shown to handle any datasets, including structural and environmental analysis, which were otherwise difficult to integrate into conventional design processes.
series ACADIA
type work in progress
email takenaka@ans-studio.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id caadria2011_037
id caadria2011_037
authors Vaz, Carlos V.; Gabriela Celani and José P. Duarte
year 2011
title An ontology representing Roberto Burle Marx’s landscape design solutions
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 389-398
summary The objective of this undergoing research project is to propose a new approach to landscape design education, based on design cognition and computational design theories, such as patterns, shape grammars and parametric design. The system is based on an ontology that contains classes of design concepts and examples of their instances. This paper shows specifically the development of the ontology that will structure the whole system. The information necessary to understand each of the design concepts is represented by a schematic shape grammar rule. Each concept will be illustrated by a good example of application, extracted from the work of Brazilian landscape designer Roberto Burle Marx. A prototypical implementation of the system is being developed, with a hierarchical taxonomy of the concepts and examples.
keywords Ontology; landscape design education; Roberto Burle Marx; landscape architecture; pattern language
series CAADRIA
email cevv00@gmail.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia11_326
id acadia11_326
authors Velikov, Kathy; Thün, Geoffrey; O’Malley, Mary; Ripley, Colin
year 2011
title Toward Responsive Atmospheres: Prototype Exploration through Material and Computational Systems
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 326-333
summary The Stratus Project is an ongoing body of design research investigating the potential for kinetic, sensing and environment-responsive interior envelope systems. The research emerges from a consideration of our attunement to the soft systems of architecture – light, thermal gradients, air quality and noise – paired with a desire to develop and prototype envelopes that not only perform to affect these atmospheres, but also to promote continual information and material exchange, and eventually dialogue, between occupant and atmosphere. Stratus v1.0 included the construction of a modest prototype using simple open source technologies, aimed to explore the formal, operational and technological possibilities, as well as potential operability and control conflicts, as part of the first phase of thinking around these questions. It deploys a distributed approach to structural, mechanical and communications systems design and delivery, where localized response is prioritized. The project works to reclaim the environmentally performative elements of architecture – in this case, specifically, interior mechanical delivery and interface systems – to within the purview of the discipline, as territories of material, formal, technological and experiential innovation and exploration. This paper will describe both the development of the current prototype as well as future research and investigation trajectories. The Stratus Project begins by situating itself at the crossroads of the disciplinary territories of architecture, technology, environmental control and cybernetics. Through the use of computational technologies and in collaboration with researchers in the fields of computer science, mechanical engineering and materials science, this project aims to advance the development of responsive environmental design and performative building skins.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email kvelikov@umich.edu
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id cf2011_p120
id cf2011_p120
authors Veliz, Alejandro; Medjdoub Benachir, Kocaturk Tuba
year 2011
title Bridging the Gap in Constraint-Based Design
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 133-148.
summary Mass customization is one of the most promising computational developments in the AEC industry. Despite recent advances in the production of research-based knowledge, the professional practices lack of a consistent and permanent technology adoption scheme and remain as a very resilient and fragmented industry. This work is a part of an ongoing research project developing guidelines for improving both physical and virtual modeling processes within an architectural design context. Here, we present a customizable model of a space layout explorer. The implementation of the user-driven solution-finding process is based on constraint technology embedded in Autodesk’s Revit® 2011 macros tools, commonly used in the professional practice. The aim of this work is to demonstrate a practical use of a small constraint-based system on software of widespread use. Even though there is still a lack of building information, the model has already several applications in the definition a floor plan layout and in the comparison of several instances of the design solution in the 3D user view. User-driven modifications are not made directly through the 3D model, but through different explicit text tags that describe each parameter on 2D views -although a real time 3D visualization of the model is also available-. The main findings are discussed as guidelines for further research on the end-user involvement on a ‘creative mass customization’ scheme. Also, the implementation of visual aids such as text tags during the customization process can bridge some technical obstacles for the development of interfaces for constraint-based mass customization systems. Before the final discussion, some limitations on the use of this model are described.
keywords collaborative design, mass customization, reality gap
series CAAD Futures
email a.a.veliz@edu.salford.ac.uk
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id ecaade2011_037
id ecaade2011_037
authors Vergopoulos, Stavros; Gourdoukis, Dimitris
year 2011
title Operating within Fragile Environments: Operating within Fragile Environments
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.768-778
summary As the architectural community becomes more and more “aware” of the ecological problems that our environment faces, digital tools gain a prominent position in the attempts to inform the design process with environmental sensibilities. However digital tools could provide more than the means to evaluate the energy efficiency of a design. The paper discusses the possible ‘digital-to-analogue’ design methodologies that are developed through the use of advanced computational techniques, alongside with material explorations, through example-projects designed and constructed by the students of the School of Architecture of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki during an intensive, one week workshop.
wos WOS:000335665500089
keywords Responsive Action; Digital & Analogue Processes; Design Protocols
series eCAADe
email svergop@auth.gr
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac20109304
id ijac20109304
authors Vermisso, Emmanouil
year 2011
title Design economies of surface: can Architects learn from the manufacturing process of industry-driven projects like auto-cross racing?
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 9 - no. 3, 259-284
summary This paper discusses an in-house manufactured race-car body for the annual Formula SAE® Series competition. The driving parameters for the design and fabrication process are examined with regards to the assignment's ‘format’ as a joint study between architecture and engineering students. Traditionally there has been an inhibition concerning communication between architects and engineers, that is perhaps successfully exemplified through Peter Rice's example of the "Iago mentality" (Rice, 1998) where the Shakespearean confrontation between Othello and Iago is viewed as an analogy to this communication: "In the dialogue of Architecture and Engineering, the engineer is the voice of rationality and reasoni." Unless dictated by construction necessities, research between these two disciplines is not sought as regularly as we would hope for; we are therefore, interested to assess the analog and computational techniques used from a design perspective, and, by understanding the implications of working among two different but similarly geared backgrounds, describe possible improvements on real-size projects that require both technical and design input, thereby affirming Rice's belief for creative inter-disciplinary discourse. Finally, the project is a reminder of the common ground between architectural and automotive design, by examining the notion of surface from a cross-disciplinary premise.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ijac20109102
id ijac20109102
authors Yeung Wendy K.; Jeremy Harkins
year 2011
title Digital Architecture for Humanitarian Design in Post-Disaster Reconstruction
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 9 - no. 1, 17-32
summary Digital tools and computational design processes are rapidly changing architecture. Nonetheless their applications in humanitarian design remain under researched. Generative algorithmic design is particularly useful in humanitarian design and post disaster reconstruction. Firstly, the extreme conditions in these contexts pose many constraints that can be parametricised and form the basis of a parametric design. Secondly, optimal use of scarce resources are enabled by integrating these interrelated performance requirements. Thirdly, a robust model definition afforded through parametric modelling enables a mass customised design to adjust for different site and user requirements, and most importantly it allows improvements in subsequent design based on community evaluation. As part of an ongoing research in fusing advanced computational techniques in humanitarian architecture, the post-tsunami rebuilding program of Emergency Architects Australia in the Solomon Islands is presented as a case study to identify successes, opportunities and limitations of a system of digital tools.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2011_032
id caadria2011_032
authors Barker, Tom; Nicole Gardner, M. Hank Haeusler and Martin Tomitsch
year 2011
title Last train to trancentral: From infrastructure to ‘info’structure: a case study of embedding digital technology into existing public transport infrastructures
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 335-344
summary The research presented in this paper is an investigation into how ubiquitous computing technologies can contribute to improving the quality of existing public transport environments through the integration of responsive technologies. The paper argues that given the significant challenges associated with transport infrastructure expansion including cost, disruption, energy use, and implementation periods augmenting existing transport environments offers alternate measures to manage demand and improve the user experience. The paper proposes improving transport environments by integrating smart, or responsive, digital information into the existing physical fabric in a coherent architectural and spatial context. This approach offers an opportunity to shift away from the static nature of public transport infrastructure to the dynamic notion of public transport ‘info’structure. The research uses an architecture graduate studio as a foundation to investigate the objectives. The contribution of this paper is an investigation of ways in which digital technologies and networked communications can transform and augment public transport infrastructure, allowing new forms of intelligent, adaptive, interactive and self-aware architecture to be developed.
keywords Urban Informatics; media facades; public transport; responsive technologies; smart environments
series CAADRIA
email tom.barker@uts.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2011_002
id caadria2011_002
authors Bernal, Marcelo
year 2011
title Analysis model for incremental precision along design stages
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 19-18
summary With current energy analysis tools, architects and engineers cannot rely on the results of energy analyses because they do not report their level of precision. In addition, current tools also do not deliver feedback in real time. Thus, this research addresses the challenge of obtaining feedback in real-time while gradually increasing precision along design stages. For this purpose, this study merges parametric modelling (PM) technologies and the performance-based design (PBD) paradigm into a general design model. The model is based on a parametric and an energy analysis model that share the parameters of a building. The modular architecture of the model involves four main function types: an input processor, optional analysis functions embedding different calculation methods, a decision-maker, and a report generator function. For every step of the design evolution, the decisionmaker function generates a specific tree of analysis functions.
keywords Performance; decision-making; extensibility; knowledgebased design; design automation
series CAADRIA
email marcelo.bernal@gatech.edu
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2011_019
id ecaade2011_019
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 2011
title Interactive Spatial Design course analysis: 10 years, 150 projects
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.647-652
summary The paper is giving an overview and analysis of an undergraduate, sixth semester, compulsory course titled “Virtual Reality: Interactive Spatial Design” at the department of Architecture, School of Engineering, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece. It is one of the very few courses on designing digital/synthetic and interactive space_and not merely utilising Virtual Reality (VR) technologies for architectural visualisations_in architectural curricula. The aim of this paper is to primarily draw on a ten year experience on teaching the course and to open up a discussion on the implications of such digital design courses and address emerging problems. This is achieved through a reflection on the teaching process (interaction as design process, curriculum and attained goals) and an analysis and genre classification of the 150 submitted projects.
wos WOS:000335665500075
keywords Studio teaching; interaction; virtual environments; digital design
series eCAADe
email v.bourdakis@uth.gr
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2011_157
id sigradi2011_157
authors Burneo Valdivieso, Xavier Eduardo
year 2011
title No es esto lo que hacen los arquitectos? Experiencias y aplicaciones de herramientas digitales en los talleres de diseño [Is not this what architects do? Experiences and applications of digital tools in design workshops]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 82-85
summary This paper shows under the framework of research and teaching project developed at the Technical University of Loja, Ecuador, with the participation of students in the school of architecture, taking aim through the study of theory and a series exercises to strengthen the relationship between the methods of generative design and digital technologies in architectural projects from creation to completion display, to achieve better teaching and learning as the architect insert specific language in society and contemporary architecture.
series SIGRADI
email xeburneo@utpl.edu.ec
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2011_416
id sigradi2011_416
authors Castro, Carlos; Vega, Juan Ignacio; Al-haddad, Tristán
year 2011
title Botterfold, cubierta celosía autosoportante [Botterfold, self-supporting sun break cover]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 206-209
summary Botterfold is a reflective self-supporting mono component sun break cover that research the architectural design and materialization using digital technologies of parametric modeling and fabrication. Its structure is made up of 1200 differentiated aluminum components milling, folded, assembled and riveted. It is designed in Grasshopper plug-in for Rhinoceros 3d modeling. It generates a responsive definition to the variation of
series SIGRADI
email charly_ccg@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id ecaade2011_039
id ecaade2011_039
authors Da_lar, Özgür; Tong, Togan
year 2011
title A Method on Using Video in Architectural Design Process: Matchmoving
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.339-348
summary Computer technologies are used frequently and effectively in film-making. It is almost inevitable to exclude computer aid in different phases of the process such as video editing, compositing and generation of visual effects. Therefore, techniques and software used in this field are improving every day. In this paper, potentials of a technique known in film making industry as matchmoving will be elaborated to be used in architectural design process. The types of software available for matchmoving purposes excel at generating 3D environment data from video shots, making them very useful tools for architects.
wos WOS:000335665500039
keywords Architectural analysis; digital environment generation; matchmoving; motiontracking
series eCAADe
email ozgurdaglar@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2011_026
id caadria2011_026
authors Dorta, Tomás; Yehuda Kalay, Annemarie Lesage and Edgar Pérez
year 2011
title First steps of the augmented design studio: The interconnected Hybrid Ideation Space and the CI Loop
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 271-280
summary Professional or school design studios are essential environments for design supporting free exploration of materials and representations, analogue or digital. New technologies have moved into the studio with mixed results. Paradoxically, the use of portable computers, using Internet as collaboration channel, has actually individualized the design work and limited the support to co-creation, reinforcing individual work. The Augmented Design Studio argues for the implementation of hybrid technology, such as the Hybrid Ideation Space (HIS), in the design studio to compensate for the absence of collective local or remote efficient ideation space. This paper presents a case study showing the primary results of distant synchronous and asynchronous design collaboration supported by the interconnected HIS during an ad-hoc project and assessed by the improved Collaborative Ideation Loop (CI Loop) methodology. The HIS was installed in two universities located in different countries. We ran a research protocol in the format of a design charrette where two teams (team a: two architecture students, team b: two industrial design students) participated in the ideation of a bus shelter. This case study shows that teams were able to co-design while they were virtually “teleported” into each other’s representations.
keywords Design studio; hybrid approach; Collaborative Ideation Loop; telepresence; Hybrid Ideation Space
series CAADRIA
email tomas.dorta@umontreal.ca
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id sigradi2011_111
id sigradi2011_111
authors Giordano, Ruben; Osella, Monica; Pieragostini Patricia
year 2011
title De la Esfera al Laberinto. Enseñanza del Diseño con Integración de las Tecnologías de la Comunicación y la Información [From the sphere to the labyrinth.Teaching Design Integrating Communication and Information Technologies]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 419-423
summary The document highlights the results attain in the integration of analog and digital resources for updating the learning workshop of architectural project. The importance of this development is manifested as an achievement, considering the diversity of elements involved in methodological convergence, which combines abstract algorithms with sensory experiences and promoting the transformation of the physical setting of the workshop in an analog-digital environment, which extends significantly the horizons of the experiment carried out by the students. The text also outlines the theoretical foundations, the tools used, the procedures, the stages and a conclusion as a provisional assessment of the results.
series SIGRADI
email mosella@fadu.unl.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id acadiaregional2011_028
id acadiaregional2011_028
authors Haliburton, James; Mark Clayton, Ozan Ozener, Francisco Farias, WoonSeong Jeong
year 2011
title Parametric Modeling and BIM: Innovative Design Education for Integrated Building Practices
source Parametricism (SPC) ACADIA Regional 2011 Conference Proceedings
summary Parametric modeling and Building Information Modeling (BIM) present opportunities to radically change the architectural design process, which has similarly radical implications upon design education. These processes and technologies are demanding a broader knowledge base and deeper skill set. The same technologies and processes create opportunities to meet and surpass the traditional architectural knowledge base that forms the basis for design education. Outlined in this paper are the results of three studies that employed BIM and parametric modeling within the context of simulated professional project delivery and compares the results using the new process to the NAAB Student Performance Criteria. From these studies, it appears that the alternative design method that employs BIM and parametric modeling is more rigorous and effective than the traditional method of instructing students with respect to the Student Performance Criteria in Realm B: Integrated Building Practices.
series ACADIA
last changed 2011/07/08 09:17

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