CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id sigradi2010_100
id sigradi2010_100
authors Cardoso, Daniel Ribeiro;Oliveira Limaverde Maira; Carvalho Cavalcante Sofia
year 2010
title Uma experiência de projeto colaborativo [An experience of collaborative project]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 100-103
summary The purpose of this paper is to describe work based on new techniques for collaborative projects, which were created and are being used to carry out the architectural design of the structure that will host a gathering of students of architecture and urbanism that will take place in January, 2011, in the state of Ceara, Brazil.
keywords architecture; design process; collaborative process; digital media; new media.
series SIGRADI
email danielcardoso@ufc.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id acadia11_234
id acadia11_234
authors Chok, Kermin
year 2011
title Progressive Spheres of Innovation: Efficiency, communication and collaboration
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 234-241
summary Over the last few years, a large majority of construction work has moved overseas. In response to this, our engineering practice has been involved in a large number of Asian and Middle East design competitions, usually executed in a compressed timeframe. Building codes usually include very specific requirements regarding the lateral performance of a building under seismic and wind loads. This is especially true in China. Our structural engineering practice has thus developed a variety of digital tools customized to building code requirements, in order to provide relevant structural feedback in an appropriate design time frame. The paper will discuss our recent digital design work in the context of building code requirements and information sharing. Our innovations have centered on three progressive spheres of innovation: internal efficiency, communication and collaboration. We propose that only with closer and more transparent collaboration will the building industry be effective and efficient in meeting clients’ needs. However, without first addressing a firm’s internal capabilities of efficiency and communication, the firm will be unable to effectively participate in the collaborative process. This paper begins by discussing various custom Rhino-Grasshopper components to facilitate our internal design process. We then touch on the communication realm discussing work in lowering the barriers for information sharing. Lastly, we explore the necessary shifts in thinking required to move beyond linear design exploration and the exciting opportunity to deliver truly innovative design solutions.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email kermin.chok@gmail.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id ecaade2011_122
id ecaade2011_122
authors Chronis, Angelos; Jagannath, Prarthana; Siskou, Vasiliki Aikaterini; Jones, Jonathan
year 2011
title Sensing digital co-presence and digital identity: Visualizing the Bluetooth landscape of the City of Bath
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.87-92
summary The impact of ubiquitous digital technologies on the analysis and synthesis of our urban environment is undoubtedly great. The urban topography is overlaid by an invisible, yet very tangible digital topography that is increasingly affecting our urban life. As W. J. Mitchell (Mitchell 2005) pointed out, the digital revolution has filled our world with “electronic instruments of displacement” that “embed the virtual in the physical, and weave it seamlessly into daily urban life”. The mobile phone, the most integrated mobile device is closely related to the notion of a digital identity, our personal identity on this digital space. The Bluetooth is the mainly used direct communication protocol between mobile phones today and in this scope, each device has its own unique ID, its “MAC address”. This paper investigates the potential use of recording and analysing Bluetooth enabled devices in the urban scale in understanding the interrelation between the physical and the digital topographies.
wos WOS:000335665500009
keywords Pervasive systems; digital presence; urban encounter; digital identity
series eCAADe
email angelos.chronis.09@ucl.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2011_004
id caadria2011_004
authors Coorey, Benjamin P. and Julie R. Jupp
year 2011
title Parametric modelling and design processes: Exploringsynthesis and evaluation using a Function-Behaviour-Structure perspective
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 39-48
summary In an attempt to extend our understanding of the design process in the context of computational parametric design tools, this paper explores the relationship between and interaction of synthesis and evaluation. In establishing the importance of their coupling in parametric design the paper then explores its consequence on the design process relative to existing models of designing. A tension between designing as planning, search and exploration in parametric design is highlighted together with a conceptual framework, which draws from a situated Function-Behaviour-Structure model of design. The purpose of the framework is to facilitate these different modes of designing and is targeted at the use of parametric tools.
keywords Design processes; parametric design; evaluation; synthesis, design models
series CAADRIA
email benjamin.coorey@uts.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id sigradi2011_301
id sigradi2011_301
authors Cáceres Corvalán, Katherine; Calvo Castillo, Francisco
year 2011
title Pieles Responsivas: Desarrollo de Infraestructuras Adaptables a su Entorno [Responsive Skins: Development of environment adaptable infrastructures]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 139-142
summary This paper describes the authors' experience in the development and implementation of five academic instances linked to the research of design protocols based on parametric modeling and manufacturing techniques. The theme developed focus on the responsive skins, understood as a new kind of infrastructure capable of adapting to different geometric and topological configurations influenced by the information supplied from the environment at a specific time.
series SIGRADI
email dumdum.lab@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id ecaade2011_039
id ecaade2011_039
authors Da_lar, Özgür; Tong, Togan
year 2011
title A Method on Using Video in Architectural Design Process: Matchmoving
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.339-348
summary Computer technologies are used frequently and effectively in film-making. It is almost inevitable to exclude computer aid in different phases of the process such as video editing, compositing and generation of visual effects. Therefore, techniques and software used in this field are improving every day. In this paper, potentials of a technique known in film making industry as matchmoving will be elaborated to be used in architectural design process. The types of software available for matchmoving purposes excel at generating 3D environment data from video shots, making them very useful tools for architects.
wos WOS:000335665500039
keywords Architectural analysis; digital environment generation; matchmoving; motiontracking
series eCAADe
email ozgurdaglar@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia11_292
id acadia11_292
authors Davis, Adam; Tsigkari, Martha; Iseki, Takehiko; Aish, Francis
year 2011
title Just Passing Through: Integration in Computational Environmental Design
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 292-299
summary This paper proposes Buckminster Fuller’s concept of pattern integrity as a context for understanding computational techniques in environmentally responsive design. We argue that successful integration in this context requires a continuous design medium that allows for heterogeneous, mutable techniques and models. This model of integration is demonstrated by reference to a current project for a large canopy structure in Singapore with specific focus on issues of environmental mediation, object-oriented programming for CAD environments, and functional programming techniques within parametric modeling systems. We discuss the applicability of these novel integrative approaches to wider problems in computational design.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email addavis@fosterandpartners.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id sigradi2011_154
id sigradi2011_154
authors Davis, Felecia
year 2011
title Sensing Touch Curtain: Soft Architecture
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 227-230
summary The Sensing Touch prototype demonstrates one type of sensing that can be woven into soft building components. It is a computational textile that senses the nearness of a person or people and registers absolute touch on fabric through capacitive sensing. Capacitive sensing measures position and distance between the textile and a target object by sending forth electric signals. The methods of construction, method of electronic weaving will be discussed in the paper. The Sensing Touch project frames an expanded role for soft architecture enclosures.
keywords Computational Textile, Soft Architecture, Capacitive Sensing, E-Textile, Flexible Composite Materials
series SIGRADI
email fad@mit.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id cf2011_p033
id cf2011_p033
authors Dorta, Tomas; Kalay Yehuda, Lesage Annemarie, Perez Edgar
year 2011
title Comparing Immersion in Remote and Local Collaborative Ideation Through Sketches: a Case Study
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 25-40.
summary Sketches are used in design to support ideation, communication, and collaboration because of their intuitiveness, abstraction, ambiguity and inaccuracy. Design collaboration using freehand sketches is possible through whiteboard software on the Internet. Designers can co-design and share design referents through these tools while adding gestures and expressions using web cams. Freehand sketching using whiteboard software retains the same proportion and scale problems as traditional sketching on paper, but adds digital behaviour (pen tablet display, undo, etc.) and the ability to share sketches in real time with a remote design team. Still, designers are not immersed in their representations. Moreover, such representations can include errors because designers work without reference to real-life perspective views. We developed a system, called the Hybrid Ideation Space (HIS) that allows designers to be immersed in their freehand sketches. The system supports local and remote collaboration, allowing designers to be literally inside their life sized, real time representations, while sharing them with remote collaborators who use another HIS. This paper presents a case study comparing the HIS to conventional whiteboard software (Vyew™) in a context of local and remote design collaboration on two landscape architecture projects. Two multidisciplinary teams worked on the first steps of two ad-hoc projects. The goal was to make an initial observation of the impact of immersion and see if it delivers benefits to collaborative ideation. Two methodological tools supported the study: the Design Flow for the experience that includes the NASA TLX to measure the workload, and the Collaborative Ideation Loop (CI-Loop) for design collaboration.
keywords Collaboration, ideation, immersion, sketches, whiteboard
series CAAD Futures
email tomas.dorta@umontreal.ca
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id sigradi2011_131
id sigradi2011_131
authors Dorta, Tomás; Kalay, Yehuda; Pérez, Edgar; Lesage, Annemarie; Calvo, Ignacio
year 2011
title Conversaciones de diseño en el HIS interconectado [Design conversations in the interconnected HIS]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 495-499
summary To ideate, to exteriorize a concept, designers talk and put qualitative and ambiguous mental images in external representations. Verbalization on its own or combined with these representations drives ideation. This paper presents in detail the different elements of the design conversation in a remote setting: Collaborative Ideation Loops, Collaborative Conversations and Collaborative Moving. They occurred while using the interconnected Hybrid Ideation Space (HIS) in the context of a multidisciplinary ad-hoc project between two universities. This case study shows the relevance in particular of these elements of design conversations, as methodological tools to better assess and understand the collaborative ideation process.
series SIGRADI
email tomas.dorta@umontreal.ca
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id caadria2011_026
id caadria2011_026
authors Dorta, Tomás; Yehuda Kalay, Annemarie Lesage and Edgar Pérez
year 2011
title First steps of the augmented design studio: The interconnected Hybrid Ideation Space and the CI Loop
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 271-280
summary Professional or school design studios are essential environments for design supporting free exploration of materials and representations, analogue or digital. New technologies have moved into the studio with mixed results. Paradoxically, the use of portable computers, using Internet as collaboration channel, has actually individualized the design work and limited the support to co-creation, reinforcing individual work. The Augmented Design Studio argues for the implementation of hybrid technology, such as the Hybrid Ideation Space (HIS), in the design studio to compensate for the absence of collective local or remote efficient ideation space. This paper presents a case study showing the primary results of distant synchronous and asynchronous design collaboration supported by the interconnected HIS during an ad-hoc project and assessed by the improved Collaborative Ideation Loop (CI Loop) methodology. The HIS was installed in two universities located in different countries. We ran a research protocol in the format of a design charrette where two teams (team a: two architecture students, team b: two industrial design students) participated in the ideation of a bus shelter. This case study shows that teams were able to co-design while they were virtually “teleported” into each other’s representations.
keywords Design studio; hybrid approach; Collaborative Ideation Loop; telepresence; Hybrid Ideation Space
series CAADRIA
email tomas.dorta@umontreal.ca
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id acadia11_316
id acadia11_316
authors d’Estree Sterk, Tristan
year 2011
title Using Robotic Technologies to Integrate External Influences in Design
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 316-317
summary Designers have always assembled materials to form purposeful connections between ideas and spaces, uniting the height of human thought with the great ability of people to shape the world with their hands and tools. People have understood this opportunity and used it to inform the material investments that they make in buildings.When reflecting upon the past ten or so years of practice it is clear that some methodologies have matured. Professionals, academics and students have found new ways to connect thinking and doing. These connections have a different flavor and tend to feel more analytical to those once used. Previously internalized decisions are being made increasingly explicit by a generation of designers that has found a more meaningful overlap between the theories and procedures of design. The methods they use are visual, analytical, as well as intuitive, and encompassed within a whole gamut of tools such as Grasshopper, Ecotect, Digital Project and Generative Components. All of these tools provide opportunities for designers to inquisitively explore alternative formal, spatial and environmental relationships. The opportunities that are brought by increasing externalization are important. Design is at once turning away from its focus on the end result, be it a building or an interior, and toward a renewed interest in the design process itself. Brought about by encapsulating design principles into self-made tools, this shift has enabled families of formal outcomes rather than singular instances of ‘pure’ architecture. These multiple, equally valid, formal outcomes disrupt more traditional measures of formal legitimacy and help move architects toward more relational understandings of space, time and environment.
series ACADIA
type moderator overview
email tsterk@orambra.com
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id acadia11_170
id acadia11_170
authors El Sheikh, Mohamed; Gerber, David
year 2011
title Building Skin Intelligence: A parametric and algorithmic tool for daylighting performance design integration
source ACADIA 11: Integration through Computation [Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA)] [ISBN 978-1-6136-4595-6] Banff (Alberta) 13-16 October, 2011, pp. 170-177
summary The research presents a methodology and tool development which delineates a performance-based design integration to address the design, simulation, and proving of an intelligent building skin design and its impact on daylighting performance. Through the design of an algorithm and parametric process for integrating daylighting performance into the design phase an automated configuration evaluation is achieved. Specifically the tool enables design exploration of semi autonomous and fully autonomous configurations of an exterior building envelope louver system. The research situates itself in the field of intelligent building skins and adds to the existing solutions a validation of systems with interdependent louvers of varying tilt angles. The system is designed to respond to dynamic daylighting conditions and occupants’ preferences. Within the framework of this study, Grasshopper, Rhino, Galapagos and DIVA, are linked and coded into one integrated process, facilitating design optioneering with near real time feedback. The paper concludes with a description of the tool set’s extensibility, future incorporation of domain integration, and conflation of natural and physical system interaction and complexity.
keywords kinetic facades; parametric design; design integration; daylighting; performative design; design optioneering; realtime feedback
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email elsheikh@usc.edu
last changed 2011/10/06 04:05

_id ecaade2011_103
id ecaade2011_103
authors Emmett, Mathew; Tiggemann, Anke; König, Katharina
year 2011
title Artist Residency at The Roman Baths, Bath Heritage Services UK: Mapping multidimensional perception experiences
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.261-268
summary The emergent research project explores mediated realities and mnemonic structures by examining the modality of performative engagement through raumfindung (felt-presence), in an attempt to originate composition strategies and ordination opportunities for the creation of ‘amplified somatosensory environments’. The research promotes a synergistic relationship between space, time and perception, and throughout the investigation, the paper aims to advance a theory of PhaseSpace, a theoretical model for exploring the polarity of estrangement and niche environments. The project is an international collaboration between Estranged Space, a spatiodynamic research group co-founded by Mathew Emmett and PerceptionLab from Detmolder Schule fu_r Architektur und Innenarchitektur, Germany.
wos WOS:000335665500029
keywords PhaseSpace; coaction; somatosensory; niche; interaction
series eCAADe
email mathew.emmett@plymouth.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2011_046
id caadria2011_046
authors Enoki, Mariko; Yoichi Hanada, Yuji Matsumoto, Nagisa Kidosaki, Ryusuke Naka and Shigeyuki Yamaguchi
year 2011
title The territory of the personal workspace: Development of the PWAS (personal workspace analysis system)
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 483-492
summary The purpose of this research is to consider the behaviour of workers from the viewpoint of territory. We hypothesized that “objects on the desk show territory” from our past research. First, we developed the PWAS. This system creates a territory analytical figure from interval photography pictures. And then, experiments were carried out to consider the behaviour of workers in three different conditions. We especially focused on personal workspace, one of territory, because it is very important in considering the behaviour of workers. From this research, we obtained several suggestions regarding the determinant of personal workspace in the office and the influence which physical environment has on personal workspace. From the above, this research shows that territory is very important to understand the behaviour of workers. In addition, it is meaningful that the appraisal techniques using the PWAS obtains these result to some extent.
keywords Office; territory; personal workspace; analysis system; behaviour monitoring
series CAADRIA
email m0624005@edu.kit.ac.jp
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2012_261
id ecaade2012_261
authors Feringa, Jelle; Sondergaard, Asbjorn
year 2012
title Design and Fabrication of Topologically Optimized Structures; An Integral Approach - A Close Coupling Form Generation and Fabrication
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-3-7, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 495-500
summary Integral structural optimization and fabrication seeks the synthesis of two original approaches; that of topological optimization (TO) and robotic hotwire cutting (HWC) (Mcgee 2011). TO allows for the reduction of up to 70% of the volume of concrete to support a given structure (Sondergaard & Dombernowsky 2011). A strength of the method is that it allows to come up with structural designs that lie beyond the grasp of traditional means of design. A design space is a discretized volume, delimiting where the optimization will take place. The number of cells used to discretize the design space thus sets the resolution of the TO. While the approach of the application of TO as a constitutive design tool centers on structural aspects in the design phase (Xie 2010), the outcome of this process are structures that cannot be realized within a conventional budget. As such the ensuing design is optimal in a narrow sense; whilst optimal structurally though, construction can be prove to be prohibitively expensive.
wos WOS:000330320600052
keywords Topology optimization; robotics; hotwire cutting; EPS formwork; concrete structures
series eCAADe
email jelleferinga@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id caadria2011_057
id caadria2011_057
authors Fraser, Matthew and Michael Donn
year 2011
title Thinking through digital simulation tasks in architectural education
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 599-608
summary This study reports the activities of 80 second year architecture students at Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand for the duration of a single trimester. A central theme in this studio is the framing of day-lighting problems into a quantifiable investigation and then addressing these through the use of digital modelling and simulation tools. This study offers an insight to undergraduate architecture students’ negotiation of digital design spaces and asks the question of how the knowledge of skill-based specialist tasks are extensible to core design studio.The mass education within a University environment of such specialist skill based techniques allows for an insight to the negotiation of quantitative and qualitative design criteria. The issue of learning skill based tasks at university level is a pertinent topic of study as the critique of such techniques is implicit to the holistic education of Architects but the level of this critique can vary greatly. This question also highlights the challenges faced to improving the design education approaches to computational thinking and applications.
keywords Design analysis; daylight simulation; education
series CAADRIA
email matt.architecture@gmail.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2013_043
id caadria2013_043
authors Freitas, Márcia Regina de and Regina Coeli Ruschel
year 2013
title What is Happening to Virtual and Augmented Reality Applied to Architecture?
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 407-416
summary This paper presents the results of a comprehensive survey of activities on research and development of Virtual and Augmented Reality applied to architecture. 200 papers were reviewed, taken from annual conferences of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture (ACADIA) and its sibling organizations in Europe (ECAADE and CAAD Futures), Asia (CAADRIA), the Middle East (ASCAAD) and South America (SIGRADI). The papers were grouped in research areas (design method, architectural theory and history, performance evaluation, human interaction, representation and process & management), emphasis (education, application, collaboration, visualization, practice and theory) and technology development stage (specification, development, application demonstration and evaluation). The period of study comprises 11 years, from 2000 to 2011. Findings for each category are described and key publications and authors are identified.  
wos WOS:000351496100040
keywords Virtual reality, Augmented reality, Study of activity 
series CAADRIA
email marciarf@fec.unicamp.br
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2011_210
id sigradi2011_210
authors Goldemberg, Eric
year 2011
title The Pulsating Rhythm of Digital Perception
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 103-106
summary This paper highlights the role of digital design as catalyst for a new spatial sensibility related to rhythmic perception. It proposes a novel understanding of computational architecture based on the ability of digital design to supersede its commonly accepted instrumental role, demonstrating the potential to engage in deeper issues of the discipline and to invigorate a discourse of part-to-whole relationships through the lens of rhythmic affect. Pulsation introduces the fundamental animate capacity of spatial organizations and critically reshapes our perception of architectural space across multiple scales of a project, from digital inception to fabrication.
keywords Rhythm; perception; repetition; difference; ornament
series SIGRADI
email goldembe@fiu.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id caadria2011_043
id caadria2011_043
authors Grace, Kazjon S.; Robert Saunders and John S. Gero
year 2011
title Applying interpretation-driven association to design domains
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 453-462
summary This paper presents a computational model of visual association- making. Our model focuses on the interaction between the processes of representation and matching in association. Re-interpretation of the objects being associated changes the landscape in which the matching process is searching for potential mappings between those objects. We call this process interpretation-driven search. We demonstrate the capabilities of our system through some examples of previous work in simple shape domains, then discuss ongoing research into applying this system to design domains.
keywords Visual association; interpretation; computational model; design cognition
series CAADRIA
email kazjon@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

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