CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

PDF papers
References

Hits 1 to 20 of 535

_id ecaade2012_267
id ecaade2012_267
authors Caldas, Luísa G. ; Santos, Luís
year 2012
title Generation of Energy-Efficient Patio Houses with GENE_ARCH: Combining an Evolutionary Generative Design System with a Shape Grammar
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 459-470
summary GENE_ARCH is a Generative Design System that combines Pareto Genetic Algorithms with an advanced building energy simulation engine. This work explores its integration with a Shape Grammar, acting as GENE_ARCH’s shape generation module. The urban patio house typology is readdressed in a contemporary context, both by improving its energy-effi ciency standards, and by rethinking its role in the genesis of high-density urban areas, while respecting its specifi c spatial organization and cultural grounding. Field work was carried out in Marrakesh, surveying a number of patio houses which became the Corpus of Design, from where a Shape Grammar was extracted. The computational implementation of the patio house grammar was done within GENE_ARCH. The resulting program was able to generate new, alternative patio houses designs that were more energy effi cient, while respecting the traditional rules captured from the analysis of existing houses. After the computational system was fully implemented, it was possible to complete different sets of experiments. The first experiments kept more restrained rules, thus generating new designs that closer resembled the existing ones. The progressive relaxation of rules and constraints allowed for a larger number of variations to emerge. Analysis of energy results provide insight into the main patterns resulting from the evolutionary search processes, namely in terms of form factors of generated solutions, and urban densities achieved.
wos WOS:000330322400047
keywords Generative Design Systems; Genetic Algorithms; Shape Grammars; Patio Houses; Energy Efficiency
series eCAADe
email lgcaldas@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ijac201210301
id ijac201210301
authors Pan, Cheng-An; Taysheng Jeng
year 2012
title Cellular Robotic Architecture
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 10 - no. 3, 319-339
summary An emerging need for interactive architecture is currently making buildings mutable, flexible in use, and adaptable to changes in climate by introducing robotic systems. However, the feasibility of the seamless integration of building construction details and kinetic robotics has become a critical issue for developing robotic architecture. The objective of this work is to develop a robotic architecture with an emphasis on the integration of cellular robotics with a distributed kinetic building surface. The kinetic building surface integrates an actuating system, a localization and remote control system, which become part of the kinetic building system. This paper presents a systematic framework by reviewing theories and related work of robotic architecture and automated control. An architectural design scheme is proposed to simulate a scenario of application in a physical space. The functionality of the electrical and control system and the integration of the effects of actual construction were examined by a prototype of a kinetic surface. Our prototype presents a feasible construction method, and a prominent energy-saving effect. The potential strength and restrictions of the cellular robotic approach to architectural applications are discussed. The applicability of the prototype system and issues about controlling the behavior of spatial robots are demonstrated in this paper.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2012_094
id caadria2012_094
authors Roupé, Mattias; Mikael Johansson, Mikael Viklund Tallgren and Mathias Gustaffson
year 2012
title Using the human body as an interactive interface for navigation in VR models
source Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Chennai 25-28 April 2012, pp. 79–88
summary The use of Virtual Reality (VR) and interactive real-time rendering in urban planning and building design are becoming more and more common. However, the integration of VR in the urban planning process suffers from the complicated interaction handling of the virtual environment. In particular, people unfamiliar to gaming environments and computers are less prone to interact with a VR visualisation using keyboard and mouse as controlling devices. This paper addresses this issue by presenting an implementation of the XBOX 360 Kinect sensor system, which uses the human body to interact with the virtual environment. This type of interaction interface enables a more natural and user-friendly way of interacting with the virtual environment. The validation of the system shows that respondents perceived the interface as non-demanding and easy to use. The implemented interface to switch between different architecture proposals gave a better understanding and spatial reasoning for the respondent. The study also shows that males perceived the system as more demanding than females. The users also associated and compared their body with virtual environment, which could indicate that they used their body during spatial reasoning. This type of spatial reasoning has been agued to enhance the spatial-perception.
keywords Virtual reality; XBOX Kinect; perception; navigation
series CAADRIA
email roupe@chalmers.se
last changed 2012/05/29 07:34

_id acadia12_511
id acadia12_511
authors Borowski, Darrick ; Poulimeni, Nikoletta ; Janssen, Jeroen
year 2012
title Edible Infrastructures: Emergent Organizational Patterns for the Productive City
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 511-526
summary Edible Infrastructures is an investigation into a projective mode of urbanism which considers food as an integral part of a city's metabolic infrastructure. Working with algorithms as design tools, we explore the generative potential of such a system to create an urban ecology that: provides for its residents via local, multi-scalar, distributed food production, reconnects urbanites with their food sources, and de-couples food costs from fossil fuels by limiting transportation at all levels, from source to table. The research is conducted through the building up of a sequence of algorithms, beginning with the ‘Settlement Simulation’, which couples consumers to productive surface area within a cellular automata type computational model. Topological analysis informs generative operations, as each stage builds on the output of the last. In this way we explore the hierarchical components for a new Productive City, including: the structure and programming of the urban circulatory network, an emergent urban morphology based around productive urban blocks, and opportunities for new architectural typologies. The resulting prototypical Productive City questions the underlying mechanisms that shape modern urban space and demonstrates the architectural potential of mathematical modeling and simulation in addressing complex urban spatial and programmatic challenges.
keywords Urban Agriculture , Urban Ecologies and Food Systems , Productive Cities , Urban Metabolism , Computational Modeling and Simulation , Algorithmic/ Procedural Design Methodologies , Emergent Organization , Self-Organizing Systems
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email darrick.borowski@gmail.com
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ascaad2012_020
id ascaad2012_020
authors Bouchahm, Yasmina; Fatiha Bourbia and Bouketta Samira
year 2012
title Numerical Simulation of Effect of Urban Geometry Layouts on Wind and Natural Ventilation Under Mediterranean Climate
source CAAD | INNOVATION | PRACTICE [6th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2012 / ISBN 978-99958-2-063-3], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 21-23 February 2012, pp. 195-202
summary The use of the method "simulation" of the microclimate for an urban site presents much of interest; because this can serve as us observation and analysis of the consequences of various scenarios relating to the existence and the importance of the constituent elements in urban space. Wind in outdoor urban space is among the most difficult parameters to identify and control field given its instability. Currently, in the field of the ventilation, there are some outdoor spaces simulation tools, used to assess the flow of the wind at different spatial scales. The aim of this research is to demonstrate the effect of the urban geometry of the layout on the wind movement and the outdoor natural ventilation. However, this study investigated the effect on outdoor thermal comfort of a building layouts in a planned residential area situated in the city of Jijel humid Mediterranean region of Algeria. In order to improve outside comfort in this open space, a 3D numerical simulation tool ENVI-met 3.1 beta 4 was used to simulate the urban thermal climate taking into account various scenarios. Thus, simulation’s results are discussed in this paper
series ASCAAD
email ybouchahm2@gmail.com
more http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2012/papers/ascaad2012_020.pdf
last changed 2012/05/15 18:46

_id acadia12_269
id acadia12_269
authors Lally, Sean
year 2012
title Architecture of an Active Context
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 269-276
summary As we stand with our feet on earth’s outermost surface we build an architecture today that is much like it was several thousand years earlier, in an attempt to extend that outer shell with one of our own making. Artificial masses are built from a refinement of this existing geologic layer into materials of stone, steel, concrete, and glass that assemble to produce new pockets of space through the buildings they create. However, the sixth century BC writer Thales of Miletus put a different perspective on this: he insisted that we live, in reality, not on the summit of a solid earth but at the bottom of an ocean of air (Holmyard 1931). And so, as architecture continues to build up the outermost layer of earth’s surface through a mimicking, embellishing, and enhancing of the materials which it comes from, it raises the question of why we have not brought a similar relationship to the materialities at the bottom of this “ocean” of air to create the spaces we call architecture. If you were looking to level a complaint with the architectural profession, stating that it has not been ambitious enough in scope would not be one. Architects have never shied away from the opportunity to design everything from the building’s shell to the teaspoon used to stir your sugar in its matching cup. But it would seem that the profession has developed a rather large blind spot in terms of what it sees as a malleable material with which to engage. Architects have made assumptions as to what is beyond our scope of action, refraining from engaging a range of material variables due to a belief that the task would be too great or simply beyond our physical control. So even though we are enveloped by them continuously, both on the exterior as well as the interior of our buildings, it must be assumed that the particles, waves, and frequencies of energy that move around us are thought by architects to be too faint and shaky to unload upon them any heavy obligations, that they are too unwieldy for us to control to create the physical boundaries of separation, security, and movement required of architecture. This has resulted in a cultivated set of blinders that essentially defines architecture as a set of mediation devices (surfaces, walls, and inert masses) for tempering the environmental context it is situated in from the individuals and activities within. The spaces we inhabit are defined by their ability to decide what gets in and what stays out (sunlight, precipitation, winds). We place our organizational demands and aesthetic opinions on the surfaces that mediate these variables rather than seeing them as available for manipulation as a building material on their own. The intention here is to recalibrate the materialities that make up that environmental context to build architecture. The starting point is a rather naive question: can we design the energy systems that course in and around us daily as an architectural material so as to take on the needs of activities, securities, and lifestyles associated with architecture? Can the variables that we would normally mediate against instead be heightened and amplified so as to become the architecture itself? That which many would incorrectly dismiss as simply “air” today—thought to be homogeneous, scale-less, and vacant due in part to the limits of our human sensory system to perceive more fully otherwise—might tomorrow be further articulated, populated, and layered so as to become a materiality that will build spatial boundaries, define activities of individuals and movement, and act as architectural space. Our environmental context consists of a diverse range of materials (particles and waves of energy, spectrum of light, sound waves, and chemical particles) that can be manipulated and formed to meet our needs. The opportunity before us today is to embrace the needs of organizational structures and aesthetics by designing the active context that surrounds us through the material energies that define it.
keywords Material energies
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email seanlally@gmail.com
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ecaade2012_281
id ecaade2012_281
authors Psarras, Stamatis ; Liapi, Katherine A.
year 2012
title The Disassembly of a Musical Piece and its Conversion to an “Architectural” Pathway: An algorithmic approach
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 289-297
summary This paper presents and discusses a process of transferring the main features of a piece of music such as structure, notes etc., to a primarily spatial construction in architecture. The main objective of this effort was to convert the linearity of time during the hearing of a musical piece into a continuous pathway and an architectural stroll on a given site. To this end, the musical piece is used as a source of data, which, with the use of developed algorithms, are converted into spatial data. A purely instrumental piece, “Air,” from the suite for strings in D major by Bach, provided the source data used in the design of Park D, a section of a Cultural Park in the suburbs of Athens, Greece. The developed algorithms presented in the paper include: a) an algorithm for generating the shape of the path and the space defi ning elements along the path, and b) an algorithm that generates the geometry of four harmonographic structures.
wos WOS:000330322400029
keywords Music and Architecture; Gestalt; Design Algorithms; Harmonograph
series eCAADe
email psarras.st@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2012_015
id ecaade2012_015
authors Schneider, Sven ; König, Reinhard
year 2012
title Exploring the Generative Potential of Isovist Fields: The Evolutionary Generation of Urban Layouts based on Isovist Field Properties
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 355-363
summary Isovists and isovist fi elds can be used to numerically capture the visual properties of spatial confi gurations (e.g. fl oor plans or urban layouts). To a certain degree these properties allow one to make statements about how spaces affect people. The question that serves as the starting point of this study is to examine whether spatial confi gurations ca n generated on the basis of these properties. This question is explored using an experimental approach for the computer-based generation of two-dimensional urban layouts. The spatial arrangements of two-dimensional elements (building-footprints) within a given boundary is optimised in terms of the desired isovist fi eld properties by means of an evolutionary strategy. The paper presents the results of this optimisation and discusses the advantages of this method compared with pattern books as commonly used in architecture.
wos WOS:000330322400036
keywords Spatial Configuration; Generative Design; Evolutionary Strategy; Isovists; Visibility Based Design
series eCAADe
email sven.schneider@uni-weimar.de
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2012_068
id ecaade2012_068
authors Wu, Tienyu ; Jeng, Taysheng
year 2012
title Reforming Design Studios: Experiments in integrating bim, parametric design, digital fabrication, and interactive technology
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 49-54
summary Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been widely accepted as an integration tool that enables modelling of form, function, and behaviour of building systems and components. Using BIM, building design can be approached in a more logical way by integrating spatial, structural and mechanical systems as well as cost and energy performance in the early design stage. In this paper, we develop a design framework using BIM in varied design processes, including architectural programming, conceptual design, parametric design, digital fabrication, and interaction design. We conducted an experiment to reform design studios using BIM throughout the design process. A classroom of the future called iSTUDIO is constructed by applying BIM, parametric design, interactive technology, and digital fabrication.
wos WOS:000330322400004
keywords Building information model (BIM); Parametric Design; Digital Fabrication; Interaction Design
series eCAADe
type normal paper
email ty-design@hotmail.com
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2012_298
id ecaade2012_298
authors Zarzycki, Andrzej
year 2012
title Urban Games: Inhabiting Real and Virtual Cities
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 755-764.
summary Virtual environments, originally seen as less-than-perfect replicas of physical world, acquire their own identity with unique visual and spatial logic. Identity that now starts permeating back into everyday life and informing what is expected or acceptable within physical reality. The distinction between the actual and virtual fades when seen through the screen of a smartphone, experienced through a navigational system of the video game console, or manifested by media rich culture often confusing a product with an image. The paper considers massive multiplayer online role playing games (MMORPG) as the analogy to an urban ritual/happening and places AR in the broader context of the mobility-on-demand culture, location-based and ubiquitous technologies, and the authoring of the public realm. It also explores how we can take an advantage of the urban mobility for crowd sourcing, social networking, and multi-player gaming as well as non-normative use of public spaces.
wos WOS:000330322400080
keywords Interactive environments: Video games: Electronic social networks: Massive Multiplayer Online (MMO) Games: Virtual Urbanism
series eCAADe
email andrzej.zarzycki@njit.edu
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2012_294
id ecaade2012_294
authors Okuda, Shinya ; Yang, Xiaoming ; Wittkopf, Stephen K
year 2012
title Equalizing Daylight Distribution: Digital simulation and fabrication of optimized inner reflectors and bottom extractors for a light-duct
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 607-612.
summary The present paper explores the implementation of a light-duct in order to equalise daylight distribution in an office space. While the illuminance level near windows in a building tends to be higher than that necessary for the working environment, artificial lighting is often used to ensure that the workspace further away from the windows has the required level of illuminance. Equalising daylight distribution from the periphery to the inner part would thus provide signifi cant advantages for energy-efficient lighting as well as the fl exible and efficient use of offi ce space. In order to achieve this goal, anti-glare devices in the perimeter zone such as louvers and daylight distribution devices such as light-ducts are required. In this paper, we focus on light-ducts in the first instance, with an emphasis on their two key components for controlling the direction of daylight, namely inner reflectors and bottom extractors.
wos WOS:000330322400063
keywords Day lighting; Digital Fabrication; Performance; Parametric; Algorithm
series eCAADe
email akiso@nus.edu.sg
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id acadia12_447
id acadia12_447
authors Rossi, Dino ; Nagy, Zoltan ; Schlueter, Arno
year 2012
title Adaptive Distributed Architectural Systems
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 447-456
summary Artificial Intelligence has a long and rich history in the field of architecture. Building upon this history, we clarify the term “adaptive” and its use within the field. This allows us to explore the application of adaptive systems to architectural design through the prototyping of an adaptive solar envelope (ASE). The building envelope was chosen because it is a common place to address issues of energy performance and occupant comfort and thereby offers an ideal scenario in which to explore the negotiative potential of adaptive systems in architecture. The ASE prototype addresses issues of distributed shading, solar power generation through integrated thin film photovoltaics, and daylight distribution. In addition, building envelopes, being the most publically visible part of a building, play an important role in the aesthetic result of a design. Therefore, conceiving buildings as dynamic systems with the ability to adapt to the fluctuating environments in which they exist opens new aesthetic possibilities for designers. Additionally we present examples of student work created during workshops based on the theme of integrating adaptive distributed systems into architectural design. We argue that with presently available technology, and an increased exposure of architecture students and practitioners to adaptive design techniques, adaptive architectures will soon become a regular element of the built environment.
keywords adaptive , distributed , systems , reinforcement , learning , architecture , design
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email rossi@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ecaade2012_214
id ecaade2012_214
authors Das, Subhajit ; Dutt, Florina
year 2012
title Design optimization in a hotel and offi ce tower through intuitive design procedures and advanced computational design methodologies. Façade design optimization by computational methods
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 235-243
summary The research topic of this paper exemplifies design optimization techniques of a hotel/office tower in Central China (Nanjing city), which faces subtropical humid climate throughout the year. The main intent of the project is to fi nd optimized design solution with the aid of parametric design tools and Visual Basic Scripting techniques (in Rhino Script & Grasshopper) combined with intuitive design process. In any urban context, we firmly believe that architectural design is a responsive phenomenon, which faces diverse interaction with the user & the local climate. The building design of the proposed tower acknowledges these responsive factors of the design with the environment along with building users or residents. Consequently, we strive to develop a sustainable design solution, which is ecologically efficient and psychologically conducive to the wellbeing of the user. We developed our intuitive design product with complex computational design toolsets to leverage design and energy efficiency. In this procedure, we draw major design concepts and geometrical typologies from natural systems in the form of bio mimicry or biologically inspired design process. Overall, this research paper outlines the significance and relevant benefi ts of the combination of intuitive design (from experience, expertise and architects skills) with parametric scripting tools.
wos WOS:000330322400023
keywords Sustainable Building Façade; Parametric Architecture; Intelligent building skin; Solar Architecture
series eCAADe
email subhajit.design@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id sigradi2012_115
id sigradi2012_115
authors Lima, Fernando Tadeu de Araújo; Marques, Aline Calazans; Pedroso, Emmanuel Sa Resende; Braida, Frederico
year 2012
title Building Information Modeling: Um ensaio sobre as inovações nas formas de representação e gerenciamento de projeto e suas implicações na produção da arquitetura contemporânea [Building Information Modeling: An essay on the innovations in the forms of representation and project management and its implications in the production of contemporary architecture]
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 491-494
summary This article aims to promote the discussion about how the adoption of Building Information Modeling systems in management processes and three-dimensional geometric modeling can interfere in the design process and construction of complex shapes in architecture. To that end, we assembled a theoretical-practical referential about the use of non-Euclidean forms in contemporary architecture and BIM tools, illustrated with iconic design processes developed by Frank Gehry and Zaha Hadid. Finally, there was the importance of BIM tools to a new understanding of architecture, by enabling the construction of complex shapes.
keywords Building Infomation Modeling; Modelagem Geométrica Tridimensional; Projeto de Arquitetura; Computação Gráfica; Representação Gráfica
series SIGRADI
email Fernandolima3d@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id ecaade2012_061
id ecaade2012_061
authors Macris, Vincent ; Weytjens, Lieve ; Geyskens, Kenny ; Knapen, Marc ; Verbeeck, Griet
year 2012
title Design Guidance for Low-Energy Dwellings in Early Design Phases: Development of a simple design support tool in SketchUp
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 691-699.
summary Considering the energy effi ciency and comfort levels of dwellings, stricter legislation will be applied towards 2020. To reach these requirements, an insight into the energy effi ciency becomes essential from the start of a design. However, the uptake of building simulation tools by architects and students to evaluate the energy performance during the architectural design process remains very limited, mainly due to the complexity of these tools. Therefore, this research aims at early design support through an easy-to-use application adapted to the modelling logic of a designer. As architects often use simple CAAD design tools for design exploration, a prototype was established in Google SketchUp. In this context, the paper presents the development of a support tool for low-energy dwellings in early design phases, allowing designers to quickly assess the thermal comfort and energy performance of early design alternatives.
wos WOS:000330322400073
keywords Design support tool; Energy; SketchUp; Architectural design process; Output
series eCAADe
email vincent.macris@phl.be
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id caadria2012_058
id caadria2012_058
authors Matthews, Linda and Gavin Perin
year 2012
title Materialising the pixel: A productive synergy
source Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Chennai 25-28 April 2012, pp. 475–484
summary The composite photoreceptive field of the human eye receives photons emitted from a source and converts this energy into image information within the brain. The internal mechanisms of the contemporary camera imaging technologies represent yet another in a long history of attempts to technically replicate this procedure. The critical difference between the capacity of the human eye to receive quanta events or photons and that of a camera transmitting to a digital display device, rests in how much of the original signal can be recovered. This paper aims to show how the ‘information deficit’ associated with this technological conversion can be enhanced by the deliberate exploitation and re-arrangement of the camera’s image sensor mechanism. The paper will discuss how the mapping of pixel grid geometries and colour filter array patterns at the vastly increased scale of building façades, imparts a materiality to urban form that modifies the visibility and performance of the corresponding virtual screen image. The exploration of the material adaptation of pixel geometries leads to a new technique that extends the working gamut of pixel-based RGB colour space and both establishes an index to develop material performance criteria and modifies the limitations of traditional viewing technologies.
keywords Pixels; sensor; CCTV; imaging; array; façades
series CAADRIA
email Linda.Matthews@uts.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/29 07:34

_id ecaade2008_190
id ecaade2008_190
authors Russell, Peter; Elger, Dietrich
year 2008
title The Meaning of BIM
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 531-536
summary The paper is a position paper, not a report about a research project. It concerns the paradigm-shift that is taking place in the CAAD software and its implications for the business of architecture and more importantly, for the education of future members of the profession. Twenty years ago the use of CAAD software as a replacement for hand drafting was starting. Since then the transformation is complete: hardly a final project in the universities is drawn by hand. Currently, we are witnessing a second paradigm shift and its name is BIM. The meaning of BIM is rooted in two significant differences to current CAAD software and this will have implications for teaching and practicing architecture. The first difference is the way the software structures information in the CAAD file. The standard way to save CAAD information was to organise simple geometric objects according to membership in groups and to sort them according to a layer-metaphor, which primarily controlled the visibility of the geometric elements. Three-dimensional modelling is/was nothing more than the same structure with a more complex geometry. BIM software changes this structure by storing classes of geometries and then to store the specific values of individual geometries according to factors that can be determined by external or internal logical factors. The implication for architects is that we have the chance to be the people in control of the building information model, so long as we invest the time and energy to fully understand what is happening to the building information during the planning process. If we ignore this, the real danger exists that the last control of the building’s final configuration will be usurped. As educators we are currently teaching students that will be leaving the schools in 2012 and beyond. By then, the paradigm-shift will be in full motion and so it behoves us to consider which skill sets we want the next generation of architects to possess. This means not just teaching students about how to use particular BIM software or how to program a certain parametric/genetic algorithm in a form-finding process. We need to teach our students to take the leadership in building information management and that means understanding and controlling how the building information flows, how the methodologies that are used by the consulting engineers affect our building models, and knowing what kind of logical inconsistencies (internal or external) can threaten the design intention.
keywords Building Information Modelling, Digital Curriculum, Architectural Pedagogy
series eCAADe
email russell@caad.arch.rwth-aachen.de, elger@koopx.de
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id ecaade2012_256
id ecaade2012_256
authors Steinfeld, Kyle ; Schiavon, Stefano ; Moon, Dustin
year 2012
title Open Graphic Evaluative Frameworks: A climate analysis tool based on an open web-based weather data visualization platform
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 675-682.
summary Buildings are the world’s largest consumer of energy, accounting for 34% of total use. In the United States residential and commercial buildings are responsible for 72% of electricity use and 40% of CO2 emissions. In order to reduce the impact of buildings on the environment and to utilize freely available environmental resources, building design must be based on site climate conditions, e.g. solar radiation and air temperature. This paper presents a web-based framework that enables the production of user-generated visualizations of weather data. The Open Graphic Evaluative Framework (Open GEF) was developed using the Graphic Evaluative Frameworks (GEF) approach to authoring design-assistant software, which is more appropriate than the now dominant ‘generalized design tool’ approach when supporting design processes that require a high level of calibration to the cyclic and acyclic shifting of environmental resources. Building on previous work that outlined the theoretical underpinnings and basic methodology of the GEF approach, technical specifi cations are presented here for the implementation of a Java driven web-based visualization platform. By enabling more nuanced and customizable views of weather data, the software offers designers an exploratory framework rather than a highly directed tool. Open GEF facilitates design processes more highly calibrated to climatic fl ows that could reduce the overall impact of buildings in the environment.
wos WOS:000330322400071
keywords Visualization; Sustainable architectural design; Climate analysis; Weather data
series eCAADe
email ksteinfe@berkeley.edu
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id caadria2013_000
id caadria2013_000
authors Stouffs, Rudi; Patrick Janssen, Stanislav Roudavski and Bige Tunçer (eds.)
year 2013
title Open Systems
source Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2012, 977 p.
summary Contemporary challenges require inclusively integrated approaches to designing. Constrained by established modes of practice, such integration is impossible without a radical commitment to openness. In response to this need, the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) brought together contributions that engage with open systems in all aspects of architectural and urban design: open with respect to the scale of the design objectives and the context, from a building component within a building system to a neighbourhood or city within its urban and rural context; open with respect to the domains being considered, from planning to sustainable performance of a building or city; open with respect to the collaboration of disciplines and participants, from ad-hoc brainstorming to a rigorous process of consultation and feedback; open with respect to design methods and techniques, from physical modelling to digital prototyping; open with respect to design models and representations being adopted, from a parametric exploration to an ontological delineation considering Building Information Modelling, Built Environment Modelling or City Information Modelling; open with respect to the tools and applications being adopted, despite interoperability issues, from modelling to simulation and assessment; open with respect to the learning approach being adopted, from informal interaction and sharing to formal design education; open with respect to the open source approach being adopted in research and development, in order to gather community involvement and use. The conference was held 15-18 May 2013 at the Department of Architecture, School of Design and Environment, at National University of Singapore.By focusing on the theme of Open Systems, CAADRIA 2013 aimed to explore all these aspects and more, and raise awareness to the need of breaching disciplinary boundaries and reaching creative communities at all levels of expertise, by pooling resources, knowledge and practices, and integrating them through the adoption of open systems.
series CAADRIA
email r.m.f.stouffs@tudelft.nl
last changed 2013/05/22 08:48

_id sigradi2012_125
id sigradi2012_125
authors Velasco, Maria Clara Betancourt; Alvarado, Rodrigo García; Villarreal, Lina Marcela Quintero
year 2012
title Uso de una herramienta computacional evolutiva para el diseño y optimización de vanos residenciales en el trópico [Use of an evolutionary computational tool for the design and optimization of residential openings in the tropic]
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 462-466
summary Facades have great impact in a house´s performance being directly linked to energetic consumption and comfort. Computing sciences propose the systematization of design processes, making it possible to determine an optimal configuration for a tropical building, in order to get a desired comfort performance, based on the implementation of parametric design and artificial intelligence. This research seeks sustainable design by implementing design guidelines, geometrical parameterization and its further optimization. Now it is possible from early stages of design to provide results that can benefit people generating comfort conditions.
keywords diseño paramétrico, algoritmos genéticos, optimización, confort, vanos
series SIGRADI
email mcbet@icesi.edu.co
last changed 2016/03/10 09:02

For more results click below:

this is page 0show page 1show page 2show page 3show page 4show page 5... show page 26HOMELOGIN (you are user _anon_531614 from group guest) CUMINCAD Papers Powered by SciX Open Publishing Services 1.002